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THE WASHINGTON TBFES, MOmVX NOTEMBER 16, 1914 - l-i!'-r-'5fe-'i PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING flnrludinK SunJayai By The Washington Times Company. THE MUNSEY BUILTTNG. Pcnna, ve. FRANK A. MUNSEY, President R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. H. H. POPE. Treasurer. One Year (Including Sunday). $3.60 Six Months. S1.7S. Three Months. 90c Entered at the postornce at Waahlneton. U C . as second class mall matter. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1914. AEROPLANE IN WAR. The layman who has read with some degree of horror accounts of bomb-dropping upon non-combatants has at least been bothered in his indignation by the suggestion that, after all, there might be some mili tary advantage, invisible to him, in the practice. The gain to Germany in assault ing a church here, a public building there, a market place elsewhere, in Paris, in Antwerp, in Ostend. lias not been easy of discernment. But the allies are doing the same thing. We read a nonchalant London dis patch that after the Kaiser had left Thielt "British aviators dropped bombs in the town, doing great dam age to the Town Hall, the Palace of Justice, and other buildings and kill ing two German soldiers." The departmental report just made by General Scriven, chief sig nal officer of the United States army. takes up in full the question of aero plane service in war, drawing its moral from observations on the op erations of the present conflict. Gen eral Scriven finds the flying machine ,of tremendous value as a tactical agent, for scouting, in directing ar tillery fire, and for various other uses. But the layman will be rath er amazed that even the military ex pert can find no military advantage in bomb-dropping. Such testimony gives him the right to vent his indignation un curbed. General Scriven may be right or wrong in his conclusions. But if there is the slightest doubt about it we may expect that the of fensive use of aeroplanes will even tually be discontinued; that, indeed, even before this war is out, the pressure of public opinion will have been listened to. Ruthlessness which brings gains will be persevered in, no matter what the world thinks; but not a ruthlessness which serves only to shock the world. ANOTHER FAKE FALLS. The expense accounts of men who were candidates for election to the United States Senate in the recent campaign are on file with the sec retary of the Senate, and without exception they indicate that poll tics, under the regime of popular primaries and direct elections, is be come more nearly than ever a poor man's game. It will be recalled without diffi culty, that the foremost objection always urged against the popular primary has been that it would prac tically drive the poor man out of politics: the cost of conducting a campaign for the popular vote would be so great that only the rich man could stand the pressure. That ar gument was never advanced in good faith, but it fooled some people. It was based on the insulting assump tion that the man who woa in a popular primary would have to buy a majority of the votes. A majority of a legislature might possibly be bought; has been at times bought, by one process or another; but a ma jority of the popular vote can't be bought, and there is no use trying to buy it. The man who tries wastes his money; and experience with the new laws is demonstrating that no body is fool enough to try. Here is the report of the campaign expenses of Senator Smith of Mary land. The Senator had some oppo sition both for the nomination and for the election. He was compelled to go through the motions of a cam paign; yet he reports that his ex penses were $1,975. Can anybody recollect when a Senatorial cam paign in Maryland has been man aged on so little money as that? Certainly not in the memory of any body now in the political game. The truth is that the direct pri mary makes its cheaper for the can didate to conduct his fight, and the direct election puts an end to the most viciously corrupt feature of the old system, that of Senatorial can didates "contributing to the cam paign expenses" of legislative can didates whose support they expected afterward to secure. The contribu tion of a fat, round sum to cam paign expenses was nothing better than a disguised bribe; in considera tion of it the legislator was frankly understood to be bound to vote for the Senatorial candidate who made the contribution. When a legisla ture contained from 100 to 300 members, and all the candidates, for it were jn the habit of geting all the swag they could from the Senatorial aspirants on the theory that it was perfectly legitimate and regular, there was quite a business aspect to a Senatorial candidacy. The thing got to be so ordinary that people's sensibilities became blunted; the in- decency of having a Senatorial can didate finance the purchase of a leg islature came to be regarded with perfect cynicism by most people. If the Senatorial aspirant were a poor man, he had no chance at all, unless he could enlist a wealthy angel or syndicate of angels; a sort of heav enly choir of interests that could afford to chip in a few thousands apiece in order to possess themselves of a perfectly reliable Senator. That sort of thing is ended for ever. Nobody is going to undertake the task of buying a majority of his party in the primary, and then buy ing a majority of the State's elec torate in the election. The "good old days" are gone, and the decent, re spectable new days are here. The Senate and the country are going to be the better for the change. But while we are noting the pass ing of the old order, let it be borne in mind that toryism has always protested that popular primaries and popular elections would be sure to kill the poor man's chance in politics. Now we know that the contrary is true: that the popular election system, the primary, and the corrupt practices act they al ways go hand in hand have given the poor man at last something like an even chance. THE RESERVE SYSTEM. In the world of business, confi dence is something like nine-tenths of the battle; and the inauguration of the new Federal reserve banking system today is accompanied by a universal expression of assurance that an era of expansion and pros perity is opening. The whole business community abroad, as well as at home has de termined to regard the new banking and currency system as a boon whose timeliness is quite as remark able as its general usefulness. Its reorganization of reserve require ments releases a half billion of money for immediate uses, which is one concrete benefit certain to be appreciated even by the most pessi mistic critic. More important even than this, is the fact that in all directions busi ness is assuming phases and propor tions which insure that profitable use can be made of all the resources available. The cotton exchanges are opening, the great problem of the South is passing its most acute point. The non-combatant world fs turning to this country with de mands that we supply it with a vast variety of necessaries which it can not get elsewhere. The belligerent nations are fairly racing each other to get first into our storehouses of ready resource for use both on the battlefield and in the processes of peace. It would be difficult to conceive more hopeful auspices tffcder which to start the new fiscal system at work. Everybody hopes it will suc ceed; almost everybody is confident it will. LORD ROBERTS. Lord Roberts was one of those cosmopolitan Britishers who have built the empire. He was born in India, of an Irish family. He was a soldier, and a good enough one to give promise of the career ahead of him, before he was of age. He died on the field in France, almost eighty three years old; and his entire life time between those dates was given to the service of building, saving, and consolidating the empire. It may be doubted, indeed, whether the name of Hastings or of Clive or of Marlborough or of Wellington will at last be writ higher than that of Roberts, among the men who made the empire. In India as a youth he saw and helped suppress the Sepoy rebellion, that most threatening menace to the imperial designs of his country. Other men did their heroic parts in suppressing that outbreak; but who, after play ing that part, lived long enough to become the organizer and the patron saint of the military forces of the new Indian empire, the very guaran tor of its loyalty to the crown? That was the part which Lord Rob erts played; and he gave his life be cause of a visit to the Indian troops on the Continent, where they were fighting side by side with the same Irish, and Highlanders, and CockT neys, against whom they fought so terribly in the days of Lucknow and Delhi and the Black Hole of Cal cutta. It was given to Lord Roberts to help save the empire in India, and to repeat that same service a half century later in Africa. Perhaps British persistence would have won the bitter struggle in Africa if the: genius of Roberts had not been avail able to retrieve disasters and organ ize success; but at least there may be doubt. As an old man he won in Africa; and as a very old man he devoted his years and strength, after that campaign, to preparing Britain for the very struggle that has now de manded from him the last sacrifice. Making no pretense to be anything more than a soldier, he proved that J he possessed a better statesman's vision than most oi tne statesmen, for he never wavered in his convic tion that the supreme test of British power must come in a struggle with Germany. When others scoffed, Rob erts insisted. He wanted the army ready, and he did more than any body else to preserve it in something like the state of efficiency which it presented at the end of the Boer war. ANARCHY'S IMPLEMENTS A New York newspaper prints a list of the bomb outrages in that city since January 1 of this year. It finds that there have been forty-six of them. The list is impressive, but yet not nearly so striking as that which was presented on behalf of Chicago a few years ago. The bomb is the weapon of cow ardice, of secrecy, of darkness and the meanest malice. Nowadays, when any man with the ability to read may learn how to manufacture it, and when, once manufactured, it may mean the destruction of a dy nasty, the bomb is a menace almost to the whole organization of society. It would be quite ttjat, but for the fact that the same spread of intel ligence which makes it possible for the cowardly murderer to construct his bomb, also raises the general moral average of the great mass of people, and teaches them to hate the cowardly assassin of the poisoned stiletto and the concealed bomb. The human units that make up society have come to despise such means of waging feuds. But what shall be said for society in its or ganized capacity? For the great nation which uses a neutral flag in order to plant mines? For the mili tary program which is based on using the enemy's colors in order to mislead and gain a coward's victory? For the bombardment of Red Cross hospitals and the destruction of works which have been considered sacred? For the employment of cathedral towers as observatories and signaling vantages for artil lery? Or for the soil of a neutral nation as means to establishing bel ligerent bases, wireless plants, coal ing stations, and the like, in secret? It occurs to the casual reader of war news today, that war is drift ing away from the rather honorable and chivalrous standards of times that we call barbaric, and into ways that suggest the poisoned needle, the Machiavellian plot, the cowardly ap proach and the treasonable attack. Surely the nations do themselves and their civilization an injustice, when they make the spy their statesman, the flag of a neutral their ensign, and the murderer's bomb their weapon. SHOPPING EARLY. There are two classes of people to whom reiteration of the advice to shop early for Christmas will per haps be rather a bore: those who have already learned the lesson, and those who are hopeless and can never be expected to learn it. The former class will not insist on apolo gies, and the latter is not entitled to them. In recent years much has been accomplished toward bettering the working conditions of salespeople. They get shorter hours all the year through; half -holidays on Saturday in summer; and in some cities the experiment of all-day holidays on Saturday has recently been tried; and, finally, shorter hours during the rush season of late autumn and early winter. Among the people who have learned the advantages of early shopping, whether they be shopkeep ers, workers, or patrons, there is little danger of a recurrence to old time conditions. It is only needed to get the rest of the community lined up for the better order of things. The holiday season ought not to mean a period of drudgery and ut ter exhaustion to a large element of people, taking all the joy and satis faction out of it. Yet it did mean just that so long as shops were conducted on the day-and-night plan for the "accommodation" of thought less buyers. It still means that, to just the extent that a part of the business community yet clings to the old ways. Every year makes it easier for these reluctant ones to join the procession. They are no longer pioneers in a radical move ment, but merely laggards in the rear. Let them all get in this year, and a most humane and sensible re form will have been accomplished. REPULSE AT THE YSER. If the allies have at last definitely beaten the Germans back beyond the Yser, as they report, the Kaiser may again be rushing heavy forces east to batter the Russian hosts away from his own frontier, William, leaving Russia neglected at the outset of the war, massed his legions against the French and drove them pell mell from Belgium to the gates of Paris. In that first month of the Kaiser's success in France the Czar's mil lions of troops swept over the Aus trian provinces and into East Prus sia itself. The Kaiser withdrew from his western armies storming their way to Paris nine corps and sent them speeding across Germany to assault the Czar's invading forces. Then the French and British allies hammered his whole western line back the way it had come. Once more the Kaiser left his eastern domain exposed to the Rus sian advance and hurried re-enforce ments to his hard-driven troops in France. This enabled him to hold fast for weeks in northern France from the Vosges mountains on one boundary to the North Sea on the other in a vast combat, bloody but deadlocked. It enabled him to take Antwerp and to make those thunder bolt assaults upon the channel ports during long days and nights of slaughter yielding nothing but vast losses. Meanwhile once again the Rus sians, virtually unchecked, came on against Austria and Germany like a tidal wave. If the Kaiser, to stop the Russians a second time, has been compelled to weaken his forces in France, the allies there, after winning the long Yser battle, may be able for the sec ond time to hurl his lines still fur ther back. The longer this gigantic conflict of endurance goes on the clearer it becomes that the Kaiser is not strong enough in men, dauntless though their valor be, to fight suc cessfully all the allies, those on his right side and those on his left side, at one and the same time. The Silver Lining Edited by ARTHUR BAER. Now that fashionable young? ladles aro wearing akunk furs, the young men have a perfect right to eat onions. It's all right. The Dove of Peace ain't altogether loat. Secretary Bryan haa Its BertHIon measurements. From all accounts, the foot-and-mouth disease Is almost as contagious as a yawn in a crowded street car. The autmun leaves are falling soft and low. Got to. If they didn't, the Anti-Noise Society would get on their trail. Reason the average suburbanite views philosophically the time when he will return to the dust, is because dust doesn't cling to you the way mud does. Old man Is seriously considering taking the self starter off the car and putting it on the front door key hole. THE OLDEST INHAB SEZ "There'i closed season ,fer quir rela, hat ifs al-" ways open "season fer nuts." Holland threatens to flood the country with water. Another victory for the prohibitionists. The more time & suffragette has been in Jail, th higher esteem in which she is held. Still, don't think we'd like to have a lady President, whose friends would be kept busy smuggling her saws and flies Inside of pies. Recent developments show that bat tleships should maintain strict outlook for submarines. Commanders of ves sels should hire American tourists, v.hose Inclinations would naturally keep them looking over the rail. Think if Rip had it to do all over again, he'd choose the next twenty years to sleep in. What's on the Program in Washington Today. Concert. United States Soldiers' Home. 8:80 p. m. Meeting of Geonteto'wn Citizens' Association, 8 d. m. Muslcale. benefit for the blind. Ubrary of ConKresa. 8:16 p. m. JWtlnK of Vermont State Association. 1710 I street northwest. S r m Meetings, evening Masonic Potomac. No. 6: Bnlamln B. French. No. 16: Anacoatla, No. 21. Pen- talpa. No 28: Mount Pleasant. No 23; Washington Council. No. 1. Hoval and S-'c- plar Commandery: nuth. No 1. liiatern Star. Odd Fellows Union, No. 11; Beacon. No I.: LanKdon. No. 28; Convent. No. IS; Naomi. No. 1. and Ruth. No. 2. Rebekah lodges. Knights of Pythias Equal, No. 17: Ama ranth. No 23: Century. No. 20: Illuatrated lecture. Geore W. Pennlman. Pythian Temple. 8 p. m. Maccabees Mount Vernon Tent. No. 4: Ana coatla Tent. No, 7: Independence Hive. No. 4. Lady Maccabees. Socialist Party Tailor's Union Amusements. Nitlonal-Zlpgfeld Follies. 8:16 p. m. Columbia "So Much for So Much." 8:J6 p m. BelaBCo "Peg o' My Heart." S 20 p. m. B r Keith's Vaudeville. 2:15 anl 8:16 p. m. Poll's "Mndam X," 2"16 and 8:16 D. m. Gayetv Uurleiue. 2:15 and 8"15 p. m. Cosmos Vaude ille Casino Vaudeville. C'randall's Photoplays. Moore's Strand Photoplay Garden Pliotoplaj 3 Tomorrow. Meeting. eenlng: Masonic Xatlonnl. No 12, Armlniun, No 25: Myron M Parker. No. 27. King luvM, No. 28; I.a Fatte, No 5. and Washington Naval. No. 6. Royal Arch chapters, Mith ras Lodge of Perfection. Scottish Rite: Mlzpah. No. 8. Eastern Star Odd Fellows Washington. No. 6; Golden Rule. No. 21: Amity. No 27: Fidelity. No t, lieueiiajl x-Jupc Maccabees Brlghtwood Tent. No 5; Metre- ,,. rr. . !. l' Ti. . . . .. IHJiUHii luiiL. .. -. iLiurv iiie, io J-. Ladv Maccabees. Socialist Party Jow Ish branch: exectlvc tommtttce. Work of Y.WjCAWill Be Described by Speaker Mis Marv J. IlOOner will he tho nrin- clpal speaker at the anniversary cele bration of the YourtK Women's Christian Association Wednesday evening Miss Hooper is national Held secre tary of the Middle Atlantic spction of the association, and will give a fjencral outline of tho organization's work in the national field. There also will be a review of tho accomplishments of the Washington branch In the past year. Knights of Pythias Webster. No 7: Her molne. No. 12: Excelsior. No 14: Cnpital. No. 24- Myrtle. No. 2.".. monthly meeting. Tnt Chiefs' AOCl.'ltlnll. PvMiInn !.. LEASES HER HOUSE iIRW .;(; ?'. ? IbbbbbbbbK3 -"': v ifc'V, ''.BBBBBBBBBBBM ''.;'4;; V'--" ' Vt 4 v bbbbbbbbBb "v- ,- , vt . vbbbb A ''? V? '' vKv,.-1 BBBBg t'.ySt ,,s fi 1'.. BSBBSBBI V'- v'J Xr'ts - ' y..BB MRS. WILLIAM BARRETT RIDGELY, Who will take an apartment for the winter months. Activities Of Society By JEAN ELIOT. OMMAXDERAND MBS. ARCHI- . BALD DAVIS announce tho Vy engagement of their sister. Mlsa Margery Colton, to Randall H. Hagner. Miss Colton, who Is one of the most popular young women In Washington, is a daughter of the late Col. Frances Colton. She has traveled extensively, and spent several years In Manila with her brother. Col. George R. Colton, U. S. A. She was also hostess for Colonel Colton during the time he was governor of the island of Porto Rico. Mr. Hagner is a member of the Metro politan and Chevy Chase Clubs, and belongs to one of the most distinguished families of the District of Columbia. Miss Colton is spending the winter with Commander and Mrs. Davis at the old Colton home in Connecticut avenue. The wedding will take place In April. Mrs. William Barrett Ridgely has leased her house, 190S Q street, for the winter, to Miss Nancy Wharton, of Boston and Lenox. Miss Wharton is a sLster of William P. Wharton, who mar ried Miss Lay, of Washington. Mrs. Ridgoly and her mother, Mrs. Deenng, will spend the season at the Dupont, whore they have taken the apartment formerly occupied by Mrs. George Ruggles and Miss Alma. Rug gles. j. Dr. J. J. Richardson entertained, at a buffet luncheon athis home,. 1500 Six teenth street, in compliment to the of ficers of the American College of Sur geons, now in convention in Washing ton. There were 150 guests, including the Washington members of the college and visiting ear, nose, and throat spe cialists. j. The President and MNs Margaret "Wil son are again at tho White House, after spending tho week-end in New York as the guests of Col. and Mrs. E. M. House. . - Miss Dorothea Owen, daughter of Senator and Mrs. R. L. Owen, will make her debut at a tea dansant at Rausch- cr's on the afternoon of December 9. Miss Dorothy Drake, one of the sea son's debutantes, will return today from Annapolis, where she passed the week end. - Mr. and Mrs. Marlon Butler will give a reception on the afternoon of De cember 22, at their home on R street, to Introduce their daughter, Miss Poco hontas Butler. Mrs. Alden Smoot'wlll entertain a few friends Informally at bridge this after noon. -- Miss Nfllie Litchenstein and Miss Su san Logan will be hostesses at a dance to be given at the Dumbarton Club on the evening of November 23. -- Miss Dorothy Smallwood will enter tain at a bridge party today in honor of Miss Dorthy Dobyns and her house guest. Miss Aimee MacPherson. There will be six tables. Miss Smallwood and her aunt, Mrs. Ardway, will preside at the tea table. A Mrs. Scth Sheparu. Mrs. Samuel' Sprn cer. Mrs. Walter I. McCoy, .Mrs. David White, Miss Elizabeth Donne, Mrs. TS. Hubert Day, Mrs. Leigh Robinson, Mrs. Joshua Evans,. Mrs. A. S. Stone and Miss Margaret Parker will receive this afternoon at the baznar for the South ern Industrial Educational Association to be held at Room 231 of the Southern building. . There will be n. sa!o of articles of mountain craftsmansmp and the bazaar will continue from today until Novem ber 21. Miss Margaret Williamson, of 2W0 Q street, has had as her guest for the past week Miss Charlotte Parks, of Phila delphia. . 4. . Mr and Mr". M. L. Lazerow announco the engagement of their daughter. Rose to Benjamin M. Madden, of Philadel phia. No date has been set for tho v. nldlng. ! Mr and Mrs Robert Hollister Chap man have recently opened their home, 203 Q stieet, for the winter. They spent the summer abroad J Judge n" fra- Plliey Ballon te lurned to Washington Suturday ftom Nov York, and are at their ap.irtment in the Connecticut. v Miss Marguerite I'ilson has issued invitations for a luncheon on Friday. 4 Senator and Mrs. Culberson are srendlng a few weeks at their home in Dallas. Tex. Mr. and Mrs. Carl Smith will resume tt't lr Saturday afternoons at home at 17"! .Smenteenth street northwest tli"-ouBhout the winter. Miss Ruth Nor n oss, who has returned ftom her stay ip Vrizoim. will be the house guest of Mr and Mrs. Smith during the season. .J. The icgent of .Major William Over ton Callis Chapter, D. A. R.. Mis. Horry, announces additional patronesses for the musicale and dansant to be given at K o clocic on xucsuay evening nt 1710 I .street for tho homeless wom en and children of Belgium, will in clude Mrs. TCdwnid H. McLean. Mrs. Joseph Loiter, Mrs. George Eustis, .Mis. fhrlsti:n Iteinmick. Mrs. Preston Gib hnn.Mis. Alleiton Ciislmian. .Mrs. Kliz iibe'tli L llarn.-on. Miss Lillie Abra hams. Mrs. Harriet 10. Graves. All p'augiitiMS of the American Revolution in tin- District of Columbia ate special ly Invited to attend this beneiU. either Shaw Says Britain Not Without Guilt Responsibility for Conflict Dis cussed by Playwright Mili tarism' of All Nations Is Blamed. British Must, Behave Reason ably in Immiment Day of Reckoning, He Declares in Long Article. . LONDON, Nov. 16. George Bernard Shaw has an article thirty-two pages in length in the New Statesman bear ing the title, "Common sense About the War." The playwright discusses the position of Europe which led to the war. the position of Europe at present, and the p'osition which the democrats should strive to bring about. While stating a powerful case for war, he begins the article characteristi cally by brushing aside the case for war as stated by everybody else. While at tacking the Prussians, he contends that they are not the only people o.f Europe wno were guuiy ui. wmuw; jj.o;iu.q the years preceding the war. "When the German fire-eaters drank to 'The Day,' they were drinking to the day of-which the Navy League fire eaters first said, 'It's bound to come. Therefore, let us have no more nonsense about the Prussian wolf and the British lamb, the Prussian MachiavelH and the English evangelist. We cannot shout for years that we are boys of the bull dog breed and then suddenly pose as gazelles. Day of Reckoning. "No, when Europe and America cmne to settle a treaty that will end this business for America Is concerned in it as much as we are they will not deal with us as lovable, innocent victims of a treacherous tyrant and savage sol diery. They will have to consider how these two incorrigibly pugnacious and inveterately snobbish peoples, who have snarled at one another for forty years with bristling hair and grinning fangs, ard who are now rolling over with teeth in one another's throats, are to be tamed into trusty watchdogs of the peace of the world. "I am sorry to spoil the salnt" Image with a halo which the British Jingo iraoiiof onA lust now when he looks In the glass, but it must be done If we are to behave reasonably in the immi nent dav vf reckoning." Ncne the less, Mr. Shaw throws the immediate responsibility for the war chiefly on Austria and Germany. "The ultimatum to Servla." he says, "was the escapade of a dotard and a worse crime than the assassination that provoked it. Peace was really on the cards. The sane game was to play for it Instead. Germany flew at France's for the program beginning at 8 o'clock nr for the dano commencing at 9 .o'clock. - The' Southern Relief Home Society tea dance and card party to be held next Saturday afternoon, November 21, at the New Willard has aroused so much Interest among the society people that the committee has found It ad visable to engage the large ball room A section of the Engineers Band will furnish music for the dancing. Mrs. G. Lawton Morgan, Mrs. L. E. Mere dith. Mrs. James Willard Bassdale. Mrs. William L. Marshall, and Mrs. William L. Baggett will receive the card players at 2 o'clock, and they will be seated at their tables by the ushers. Miss Pocahontas Butler. Miss Dorothy Shuey. Miss Helen Stuart Griffith Miss Lois Sprlgg. Miss Josephine Mason, Miss Ruth Bliss. Miss Margaret Wil liams, and Miss Edith Grade Marshall, led by Miss Ida Bowie. t 4 o'clock. In the Interval between card playing and the tea dance, there will be an exhibition dance, and Mrs. Howell Smith, of the refreshment sec tion, with her assistants, promises de licious things to eat and drink. Among those who are table hostesses for the card party are Mrs. Charles Cowles Tucker. Mrs. R. S. Rust. Mrs. A. K. Phillips. Miss Frfax. Mrs. Horatio N. Taprn, Miss Sally Mackall, Mrs II F. Moore. Mrs. Ryan Devereux. Miss Armat. Mrs. John Richards, Mrs. Tully Vaughan. Mrs. J. P. Larvin. Mrs. Rust Smith. Mrs. Frederick Moore, Mrs. W. G. Brantley. Mrs. Fred Mc Guirc. Mrs. Samuel Spencer, Mrs J. . Rfagsdale, Mrs. Eliza E. Meredith, Mrs. Leonard Hoffman. Mrs. Samuel Gra ham, Mrs. Delos A Blodgett. Mrs. Edwin Pearson Parker. Mrs. James L. Harley, Mrs. Theodore Shuey Mrs. Lmory Relsniger, Mrs. C. C. McChord. Mrs. Charles G. Matthews Mrs ill lam L. Marshall. .Mrs. Absalon " aller. Miss Nann'e Randolph Heath, Mrs. Cuthbert Harrison. Mrs. L. H. Quiiollo. Mrs. William Otway Owen. Mrs. A. . Zane, Mrs. W. L. Hancock. Miss Lliza l.eth Hebb. In charge of the tea-dance toe Miss Sally Williams and Miss Nell Rose Baggett. with the following young tcople as aids: Miss Jane Gregory. Miss Burleson. Miss Sidney Burleson. Miss Mary Lloyd Andrews. Miss Arkwrignt, of Atlanta, Ga.: Miss Maud Parker. Miss Helen Blodgett. Miss Alice Theo bald. Miss Pansle Wilson. Miss Main Younger. Miss Virginia Griffith. Miss Ethel Bagley. Miss Elizabeth Living ston, and Lorimcr Graham. Mahlon .Tcnney, Dr. Herbert H. Bunzel Hugh Obear. Marion Baker. Hunter Mulford, F W. Gwathney. George Mel Mine tree Walter Alexander. McGeorge P irker Sim Price. Paymaster General McGow'an. Holcomb Latting. George F. Mitchell, with William Payne Meredith a chairman of the iloor committee. 4 Dr. and Mrs. George H. Soman, of New York city, have taken an apart ment at the Hotel Powhatan. -- Miss Amelia Rosendale entertained at a tea and shower Saturday afternoon in honor of Miss Lula Wright, whose marriage to William Hottel will take place on Wednesdaj The guests in eluded Miss Katheune Sellets, Mrs. Otis T. Cnrtw right. Mrs. George A. Finch Miss Eugenia McAusland. Miss Frances Biett. Miss Ruth Stanton, Mis, Grace Holmit, Miss Alice Ball. Miss Ethel Edwards. Miss- Wtlhelmine Neuman, Miss. Maty Byer.s. Mrs. James. Miller Miss Eugenia Mull'gan. .Miss Maud Leonaid. Miss Marie Robey. and Mrs C. I! Stanibatish. Mi. and Mrs. Waldo S Johnson ar rived here ftom Maryville. Cal.. on Friday, and will make en extended stay at the Hotel Powhatan Mrs. Harold Walker. 1711 K street, lias as her guest Mile. Yvonne do Trcvllle. Dr. and Mis. 1). 11. Noble, of Phila delphia, will be the ciiests at the Hotel Powhatan dining their stay in the city. . Mr. and Mrs. j. s Thoni. who for i urly made their home in Washington, have ai rived from Now York and are at the Grafton. t GEORGE BERNARD SHAW. throat, and by incidentally invading Belgium gave us the excuse that our militarists wanted to attack her with the full sympathy of the nation." Policeman of West. "What then was England to do?" Mr. Shaw asks. "Now comes the question In what po sition did this result of a mad theory and a hopelessly Incompetent applica tion of it on the part of Potsdam place our own Government? It left us quite clearly in the position of a responsible policeman of the west. There 'was no body else in Europe strong enough to chain the mad dog." It was evidently, says Mr. Shaw, Eng land or nobody: there was no alterna tive. Like H. G. Wells he regards the present war as a war on war. He says: . . , , "We are supporting It. Why? As a war on war, on military coercion, on domineering and bullying, on brute force, on military law, on caste inso lence on what Mrs. Fawcett called 'in sensate deviltry,' only to find the papers explaining apologetically that she as a lady had of course been alluding to war made by foreigners and not by England. Some of us, remembering the things that we ourselves have said an. done, may doubt whether Satan can cast out Satan, but as the Job is not exactly one for an unfallen angel we may as well let him have a try." The "It Is Not True" Pamphlet Signed by Intellectuals Is Riddled by Richepin. PARIS. Nov. 16. Genuine amazement has been caused in France by the "It Is Not True" circuclar of the Ger man professors. If anything had been needed to thoroughly dispel the idea that it was not the German people, but Prussian militarism, that was to blame for the war, this circular, signed by the foremost "brains" of Germany, has done it. To the French mind there will henceforth be no distinction between German "kultur" and German militar ism. As it was one of the phra&es in the famous circular that without mili tarism the German civilization could not exist, everybody ought to be satisfied. There is no longer room for a misunder standing. "Their last infamy," Jean Richepin, a member of the French Academy, calls the circular in which the German in tellectuals asserted that Germany had not broken her word of honor to Bel gium, and had not waged war inhu manly. Infamy Most Vile. "It is an infamy the mo3t low. the most vile, the most abjeot," Richepin continues, in a scorching front page editorial In L'lntransigeant, "an in famy for which no one could ask the- least form of excuse and before which the sense of pity becomes silent. It Is an Infamy where reason herself Is degraded, where conscience befouls it self and the soul becomes extinct. It is an infamy where the choicest spirits of a nation cynically make common cause with the lowest instincts of the lowest rabble and then glory in the companionship. "It is an infamy where the finest, the richest, the most gifted brains of a country, the brains ot thinkers, sages, artists, become like the brain of the 'catobiepasse, that fabled animal, which is so inonstiously stupid that it breaks its limbs without pajing atten tion. For ther. jou have In all its ignominy of darkness, in its shame without parallel and without end, that final infamy which the German intel lectuals have committed, not against xis this tune, but against Germany, their own mother. Signed On Their Knees. "Thev ate more than a hundred who have signed on their knees this 'Ap peal to Civilized Nations.' where they liae Hist affirmed that It was not Oer man that provoked this war. that she lias not Molated the neutrality of Bel gium that htr soldieis had not at tacked the life ot propel t j of a single Belgian iitizen. that the have not do stioyed Louain. that they have not been guilty of a single act of indiscipline or of ciuelt and that they are. in short, innocent of all the abominations of which the are accused. "In vain nave inese anominatious been proved by the most trustworthy witnesses. These 'Intellectuals' aro more than a hundred to swear falsely, to shout that it Is not true. They are also over a hundred to swear that their mllitaiisiii and their cultuie- are one "and the same thing, and that the Ger- nan people mam common .cause Willi the tleunan iuiny The.v are moie than .i huiidml who boast of the names of Goethe, Beethoven and ICant. as though iii,.u. imnie were the pstudonyms of J Bismarck, Krupp, and the Kalacr." FRANCE DISSECTS , MAN CIRCULAR MAIL BAG (From The. Times Reoderi.) Communications to the Hall Brf mwt be written on one side of thu'oaoer onlv: must not exceed SCO words in length and must be signed with nae and address of the sender. The Bttb Hcatlon of letters In The Times' Mail Bag does not mean the endorsement br The Tlmesrof the onlnlonef the writer. The Mall Bag la an open lornm wheru the citizens or Washington can argue moot questions. Our Peregrinating Secretary of Statt, To the Editor of the .Mail Bag: After almost a month of absence from his desk, campaigning in the interest ot his political party and neglecting hi work, when the foreign situation ham been most abnormal. Secretary of Stat Bryan has finally returned to his of fice. Can it be that through such pro cedure the Democratic party can hop to regain the confidence of the Ameri can peopjeand stem' the flood of th opposition which was shown on Novem ber 37 AN AMERICAN. Dangerous Weapons TJnconcealei. To the Editor of the Mall Bag: For about the fiftieth time I came very close to having at least one eye re moved from Its socket this morniBC by way of coming in contact with ft "feather" which ardorned the bat of a. woman who occupied a seat on one o our cars directly under the strap t which 1 was clinging. f The weapon was, as near as I coulA ascertain with the aid of a rule, eighteen inches long.. It is only a short time since the hat pin nuisance was stopped by a law which greatly reduced the length of these aids to Dame .Fash ion; why not a law that will cut oft about half of the feather, if the woman hasa't enough common sense to make the re duction herself? Or why don't some ot bur ''Hats off in elevators" crowd start a.campaign among the female populatlom of "Hats off In the streetcars?" There would) be -a. great deal more sense 1b the latter. -I can readily understand that these "feathers" are very fashionable and in order to "Keep up with the Joneses" it is quite necessary for a woman to use them, but it Is also .very stylish these day for a man to hold on to his eyesight " ONE WHO NEEDS mS'ETBS. Loses Pay For Thanksgiving Day. To-the Editor of the Mall 3agr We "join our beloved President, of our 'beloved nation, in repeatlnr his Thanksgiving proclamation, bat through, the' medium "of your invalu able' columns the organ sounding- the voices "of the "representless" wo ap peal and wish to draw your attention to the fact, that the day of Thanks giving Is one that per diem employes of the 'District government will re ceive no compensation for. Many tollers on this per. diera roll are married, most, admittedly under paid. All legal holidays, save Labor Day are1 docked from our pay. Host, undoubtedly would like to work Thanksgiving Day in order to ears, tha pay, pay that they do honestly over earn. But no doubt It would-not appear compatible' with the respected edict of the honorable President, tht Thanksgiving Day shall be a legal and public holiday, hence no worts, or rather the wheels of the Govern ment shall, on that day, temporarily cease. But ?vhen the rock-bottom faot reality, that all -these married men. will be deducted for missing this par ticular day, can an honest co-operative heart .look joyfully to such ft hardship? A. W, B. r More About Half-HoHdayi. av ,' trAitn-r nfttim Mull "Bxwi Tt In ridiculous foi All ji bud j1 to that we b "required? to go to work- 8:C0 a, m.-ifiwe should ce auowea ibw ur3ay half holidays all 'the year reun4. Ve get only 'thirty days annual Iecv thirtv days sick leave (which- neariy aa of lis take), Christmas. New Teaiv Thanksgiving -Day, half day Chrlstasft eve, halt 'day before New Year. Decora tion Day, half day every Saturday im the summer and a few more extra hol days during the year. "We should b allowed at least three months In tbm summer so that w. can go to AtlanH City or other, resorts, and our arduous daily labors should not. begin until noo and end by 2 or j-o'clock. "We shoul also be granted permission to stay at home whenwe want to go shopping or have something else to attend to. Tv should not be compelled to go to offlc to "et our pay. It should be sent to tj. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYE NO. 3. Protests Arrests On Ninth Strett To tho Editor of the Mail Bag: It Is certainly about time the new papers should take up the lndlscretiem exhibited by the police in -"ag1"? "mashers" in Ninth street noir If they persist In- taking into custody innocent men the business which ha. been built up in the thoroughfare la the last few years will be ruined. I saw two policemen arrest several young fellows the other evening wa had just met each other and noc hands. The young men protested that thev had been standing on the " hardly a minute. Nevertheless, they were taken in a patrol wagon to tb First precinct, where they eacn ae posited S2 for their appearance in ceurt. Neither appeared In court, becau tft have done so would have meant t& loss of a day's pay. J5. to regalnJS. NINTH STREET BUSINESS MAN, Indorses Trolley Freight. Idea. To the Editor of the Mall Baa: The suggestion of Superintendent Sherman of the Office cf Weifhta, Measures and Markets, that a. trolbjy freiqht service be established for 5Tn lng produce into "Washington from Mary land and Virginia, is one worthy of con stderSton by the Pnbllo Utilities Com mission and the street railway oom panles. It would seem that .the ' com panies wyld give careful thought to this recommendation without suggeaaem on the part of the commission. Certainly the farmers and prodooew would rather employ a trolley aervloe than have to depend " ow-nmvlng; horse-drawn vehicles. "With a freUTM; trolle.- service, produce could be sent from "a distance of fifty miles. The area from which local markets are up piled by wagon. Superintendent Sher man says, is Halted Jo i "5J "f twenty miles. The benefit to the oeti sumer would be in the increase o th f0dU?PIyr,,av. All ta see the ad. vantage of such a system, a word tro the Public Utilities Commission might not be amiss. J rbamBR. Tribute to Child Victims of AedHt To the Editor of the Mall Bas: Will you please publish the fouow- ,nTo the bereaved parent. their three children at Hyattsrllle, Md.. Friday afternoon: When the story was " J," hearted men and women of how ft mother had to help to lift her three and only children into a delivery wag Sn who had been snatched away from her In an Instant, tears rolled down the cheeks of the strongest hearted. ant-near Mrs. Robinson: B"l ?hougntas I looked in a llttta Howm'anyond hopes I buried her. But let us not "weep for no one may know 4 How much they have missed of misfortune and woe. For life I have found at best Is burdened with sorrow till we long for rest. And shorn of Us terrors Is the tongueless dust. The home for the weary and the home for the just." WUiWAirE. BAHR, -Kn.