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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, FRIDAY; NOVEMBER .20, 1914. 8 i el&i0hm0ton Wmtt PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING (Including Sundays) Br The Washington Times Company. THE MUKSET BUIUMNQ. Penna. ve. FRANK A. MUNSEY, President V R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. G. H. POPE, Treasurer. One Year (Including Sunday). J8.B0 Blx Monthe. tl.76. Three Months, 0t. Entered at the postofflce- at W&shtnaton. D O as fecond class mall matter. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1914. i i A SENSIBLE MOVEMENT. It is to be hoped that the debu tantes will be successful in their ef fort to do away with that rivalry in entertainments that leads to sense less expenditure. If the result of the war brings home to the American people the folly of ostentation and display, made to force upon public attention the depth of somebody's purse, it will have served us one good turn. There has been far too much of that in American life, lead ing into extravagance many who cannot afford the pace, and in cre ating discontent in multitudes who have constantly forced on.4heir at tention the inequalities of life. w People who can afford to entertain should not, of course, shut down upon every expenditure they can manage to do away with because times are not prosperous. To do so would mean additional hardship for many who depend for a livelihood upon the hundred and one things that are needed for reasonable social demands. But the money can be spent with discretion and directed in to channels that will do a maximum of good. The fact that thought is given to the matter cannot but serve a good purpose, perhaps with lasting effect. WHERE WAR HELPS. Nothing so much as war unless it be the stress of great religious revival serves so powerfully to stir the contents of the human brain-pan. War is awful; but it makes men think; it brushes away cobwebs; it presents new needs for them to sup ply through, their ingenuity; it breaks down unthinking conserva tism. Russia has gone squarely over to prohibition, because Russia has found that suppression of vodka will make up toC it a large part of the economic and even the human loss that war enforces. Britain has gone out of politics; it hasn't time to fuss with little politics while national life is at stake. France has ceased to be temperamental; its.attitude to ward the war is more stoical than that of the Russians, more phleg matic than that of the British, less Gallic than that of the Germans. The United States has proved that it can go through a world-crisis in finance without boiling over, and can even become a stabilizing instead of a dis turbing element in the business world. The world learns a 'good deal through the strain of war. Science and invention turn themselves to the problems that war makes the more acute, though they are also the prob lems of peace as well as war. From Switzerland comes account of the invention, by two eminent surgeons, of a preparation which will almost instantly stop the flow of blood from a wound. Appropriately enough, they have called it coagu men; and great quantities of it have already been supplied to the hospital organizations in the field. It is ex pected to save thousands of lives; and its good work for humanity will go on after the war, as well as dur ing the progress of the struggle. A REAL REFORMER. New York State has been trying to reform Sing Sing penitentiary for a long time, with indifferent suc cess. Recently the warden vas sum marily removed because it was learned that he had been using as his chauffeur a convict who had been sentenced for looting a bank. Casting about for a successor, Governor Glynn fixed his eye on Thomas Mott Osborne, a man of wealth, who has spent much time studying problems of prisoners and penology. It was a long way from being an amateur penologist to un dertaking the herculean task of boss ing Sing Sing; but the governor was insistent, and told Osborne that he was the right man. Here was his chance to try out his theories. Osborne finally decided that he was willing to run Sing Sing; but not to have the politicians trying to run him. There will be a new governor in New York January 1, and Osborne insisted on knowing that he would be the choice, of the new regime. So the case was laid before Governor-elect Whitman. Osborne would take the post, if assured that he would be retained by Whitman and given a fair chance. Not otherwise. The outcome was that the three men the Democratic governor, the Republican governor-elect, and Mr. Osborne got together in an agree ment that they all wanted the same results. It was agreed by Mr. Whit man that if Osborne accepted the place from Glynn, he should be re tained under Whitman. Politics or m fGW?, the outgoing and the in- coming governors were determined to have the best man, and were able to agree who he was. That's a pretty long step, in a politics-ridden State like New York, toward the substance of reform. FEES VS. SALARIES. The case of the register of wills in Philadelphia presents an interesting parallel to that of the Auditor of the Supreme Court in the District of Columbia. The register of wills was paid a salary for his administration of his office. He received also various per quisites in fees. On top of all this, when Pennsylvania passed a law to tax collateral inheritances, the reg ister of wills was empowered to col lect them, and given 3 per cent of the amounts collected. There was for a long time a pro test against this largess; but it went on for many years, because Pennsyl vania politics found it desirable to make fat jobs for favorites who would liberally help to finance poli tics. That is exactly the situation for instance in Virginia, where fees are paid to county officers, which in the big and populous counties make the jobs a veritable bonanza. The men with the big-fee jobs organize machines around themselves in order to retain their control; and the worst phases of Virginia machine-rule are the result. But to the Philadelphia register of wills. The protest against letting him draw huge gratuities as fees at length became so strong that the fees have been abolished this year. Investigation of his receipts from this source alone 3 per cent on in heritance taxes, aside from salary and -other perquisites showed that in three years they amounted to: 1911 $22,782.58 1912 30,867.22 1913 43,544.70 Three year total 97,194.50 The other day a single collateral inheritance amounted to $6,500,000. On this the register's fee would have been, under the old fee law, $6,750. Instead, because the fee sys tem has been abolished, the service is done just as well, and the State gets all the money. The reform that has been accom plished in substituting the salary for the fee system has saved the State, in the aggregate, & very large sum. It is regarded as such a worth-while reform that a leading Philadelphia newspaper today published a sum mary of the economies under it, as a first-page news article. The fee system is the first cousin and the perpetual handmaiden to graft. It makes the public and the individual fee-payer contribute with out warrant to the upholstered snap of a favored official. It is, fortu nately, well on the way to extinction in this country. States and cities, save in a comparatively few excep tional instances, have done awaj with it because they have realized that it is both extravagant and vicious. Yet a serious, insistent effort is making in Washington, to preserve this system in the office of the Audi tor of the Supreme Court! ' The Auditor is an excellent official and it is gratifying to his friends that he is able to enjoy an income two or three times as large as a lib eral salary would give him. But it is not gratifying to the people who must pay those fees. It is not good for the public service. Moreover, it is not a good thing for Washington, that organized agencies of public opinion in this town take the initiative in campaign ing to retain such an archaic and vicious system. Lawmakers get the idea that Washington either doesn't know modern administrative meth ods, or else doesn't care to have them applied here. That inevitably detracts from the weight that an intelligent public opinion in this town ought to have with Congress when matters of Washington inter est are considered. THE RUSSIAN OPENING. It is "up to" the United States to initiate discussion with Russia of the question of a new commercial treaty, because it was the United States that repudiated the former treaty. Precisely what good that treaty did to either country is not very appar ent to people without diplomatic training, inasmuch as trade between the two countries has gone on, and the Russian foreign minister earn estly urges Americans to come in and supply Russia's needs, assuring them that they will be given all the privileges that are extended to coun tries whose treaties have the most favored nation clause. Treaty or no treaty, Russia wants to do business with us, and we want to do business with Russia. Ger many, as M. Sazonoff, the foreign minister, observes, has held almost a monopoly of supplying extensive lines of manufactures to Russia. That monopoly is smashed, and will never be restored if the other manu facturing nations do themselves jus tice. And the United States is first in equipment for handling such busi ness. As this newspaper has repeat edly pointed out, and as M. Sazonoff now suggests, Russia can come near er to getting what it wants, needs, and can use, in the United States, than anywhere else. The UniUd States and Russia are more nearly alike than any other two great coun tries, in regard to their industrial conditions. Russia has the league long furrows, the vast areas, that American farmers know how to handle and that American machinery is built to deal with. American methods are those of the new and expansive country; its distances are wide; its cities are scattered broad ly; and all these things are true of Russia. M. Sazonoff notes that the British have been too conservative to adapt their manufacturing models and methods to the needs of coun tries so widely different from Eng land; and that is true. Americans have been accused of the same con servatism; but the accusation proves nothing as against American tradeJ with Russia, because our own condi tions so closely parallel Russia that we have no need to make the great changes that British or French or Italian manufacturers would have to accept. It will not be safe to presume that this Russian opportunity will wait long for us. The war will presently be over; and if meanwhile Germany's place of leadership has not vbeen filled, Germany will soon step back into it. The scars that wars make do not last Jong on the face of com merce. Our two wars with England both seemed almost to have been di rect incentives to expansion of com merce between the two countries. Germany and Britain have developed a well-nigh unbelievable volume of trade, during the generation in which commercial rivalry between them has been sharpest, and has even been de veloping the sentiments that made war possible. Right now is the time to take ad vantage of this Russian opportunity. We will be welcomed in the great empire of the north; and the initia tion of a negotiation for a new treaty of commerce would be at least testi mony that we fully reciprocate the friendly sentiments so often extend ed to us from Russia in recent months. The traditional friendship of the two great nations is at bot tom just as firmly based as ever it was. It should be coined into ma terial advantages for both. UNKNOWN AMERICA. Nine men in ten, it may safely be guessed, if asked to speculate where Ungava was, would feel pretty cer tain that they had heard of it in in terior Africa. If told that it is twice as big as Texas, they might marvel a bit that anything of that size, even in Africa, should have es caped them. But Ungava isn't in Africa at all. It is one of the big pieces of un known America, and constitutes, in fact, approximately the north half of the province of Quebec, Canada. It was turned over to Quebec a few years ago, and has recently been made the subject of a curious report prepared by the provincial govern ment. It appears that various people have in the last two or three cen turies taken the trouble to explore bits of Ungava, and write more or less about what they found; but these writings have, never till now been gathered together so as to pro vide a general view of the huge coun try. This work of collation has been done by the provincial authorities. The Ungava region is in general a vast plateau, 1,500 to 2,000 feet high; perhaps a fourth of its area is oc cupied by lakes. There is a great network of rivers, among which are some of the most wonderful water falls in the world. One of these falls is declared to have a sheer drop of 302 feet; its potential waterpower development, at lowest Btage of the river, is calculated at 120,000. It is gathered from the authori ties that the country's climate is so severe that little of it will ever be useful for agricultural purposes. That, however, will be taken with al lowance by people who know what northern Russia and middle Alaska can do agriculturally. The timber has largely been burned over, and large trees are now to be found mainly along the rivers only. Ungava is almost twice the area of Germany, and in all the world there are few regions so "extensive that are so little known. COTTON NEXT YEAR. If Secretary McAdoo's advice that the South reduce its cotton acreage is taken too freely he will find in another year and under different circumstances that he has done a poor service not only to the South, but to the country. With an enormous consumption of cotton assured in the future, war or no war, the supply cannot be heavily reduced without great injury to the cotton States, in the limitation of their greatest selling product, and without greater injury to consum ers in the higher cost of cotton sup plies. Without any incitement from of ficials of high position, from South ern bankers or from others of in fluence, enough men will quit raising cotton, or cut down their acreage, to curtail next year, and perhaps even afterward, the supply of cotton be low what it ought to be. The cotton crop of this year is estimated at about 16,000,000 bales. If that were too large a crop fort next year or the year after, how was it that nobody discovered that a crop of 16,000,000 bales for the sea son of 1911-12 was too big? Nobody thought so then, with the lowest price of cotton in 1911, 9.20 cents, and the highest 16.15; and the low est in 1912, 9.35, and the highest 13.40. A crop of nearly 14,000,000 bales in 1908-09 was certainly no bigger than a crop of 16,000,000 bales in 1915-16 would be, the world's in creased use of cotton considered. No body thought that 14,000,000 bales in 1908 looked too big, with the lowest price in that year 9 cents and the highest 12.25; and the lowest in 1909 9.25 cents and the highest 16.50. While the cotton exchanges were closed cotton was a load on the hands of the planters, just as gilt edged securities with the stock ex changes closed were dead values. With international shipping demor alized and some of the nations block aded, there was for a while no for eign market for cotton. With Amer ican spinners waiting to see what the bottom price was to be, there was for a while even no domestic market for cotton. But all that is changed now. The cotton exchanges are open. 'Foreign consumers are able to buy what they need even Germany. The South may have had some very bad moments when its cotton began to come in this fall and it couldn't see any way for a while to l . T i. a. J I market it. But if next year and in j later years the South could sell fif teen, sixteen or seventeen million hales nf rnt.trTi nf. n trnnrl tvtim nnd a ui at. u i. t. il il j-l x Dig profit, but hasn't the cotton to i sell, it will have worse moments that will extend into seasons and years. In the last generation the South has prospered marvelously and has stored up vast riches, not by selling a little cotton at a prohibitive price, i but hv RPllino- o-io-nntiV rrnn of rot- dux Dy selling gigantic crops OI cot-1 ton at a price which disposed of all of it and stimulated the world's con-1 sumption of cotton to still higher de grees, thus making the peoples of civilization call for more and more year by year, and increasing the cotton wealth of the South first by j millions and then by tens of millions Women Work in Shifts In War on Burglars NEW TORK, Nov. 20. Women in the apartment houses In St. Johns place, Brooklyn, have formed a throe-shlft anti-burglar league, under the leader ship of Mrs. Charles R Coffin. One shift stays home -while the other two shifts go to the matinee or shop ping,, changing each day. The police learned of this when investigating the attempted robbery of the house of Mrs. Herman Katr, 1157 St. Johns place. She was on the home shift and chased the burglar, but he got away. What's on the Program in Washington Today. Concert. United States Soldiers' Home- Bond.. ... 4. A n m yoldiera nowiu. " v. ". Meetings, evenlnc: Masonic Columbia. No. 3: Lebanon. No. 7: Grand Chapter School of Instruct Ion; Co lumbla. No. 2. Knlichts Templar Command ery Martha. No. 4. and Ascension. Kaatern Star. Odd Fellows Central. No. 1: Metropolla. No. 16- Phoenix. No. 23: Maeenenu. No. K, En campment: Miriam. No. 8. Rebekah Lodne. KnlKhU of Pythlaa Syracusians. No. 10: Rathbone Temple. No. 8. Pythian HUten. Maccabees National Hive. No. 1. Ladv 1'ac cabees. Socialist Party Northeast local Amusements. Natlonal-Zlegfeld Follies. 8:15 p. in Columbia "So Much for So Much." 8.15 Belasco-"Peg o' My Heart." 8:20 p. m. B K. Keith's Vaudeville. 2:15 and 8:16 p. m Poll's "Madame X." 2:15 and S;15 p. m Gayety Burlesque. 2:15 and 8:15 p. m. Cosmos Vaudeville. Casino Vaudeville. Crandall's-Photoplays. Moore's Strand Photoplays Garden Photoplays. Tomorrow. Meetings, evenlne: Odd Fellows Canton WoshlnBton. No. l. Patriarchs Militant Socialist Party Social luncheon. BILL TO STOP BARROOMS POSING AS DRUG STORES "Hush little barroom, don't you cry, You will be a drug store by and by." Uncle Sam says the druggists of the country are not going to be insulted any longer with the possibilities suggested by the above doggerel. He says so through the United States Public Health Ser vice in a bulletin issued by that department on the sale of alcoholic beverages in so-called drug stores in prohibition and local option territory. The department bulletin states that the Government has long recognized this practice of circumventing prohibition legisla tion as one of the most objectable abuses of the drug business. Reputable members of the drug trade, the bulletin states, feel that the practice has led to a prevalent belief that many drug estab lishments which are conducted legitimately are illegitimate shops, where drug and whisky fiends can obtain all the narcotics and liquor they wish. The situation which now exists will be remedied, officials of the Health Service believe, by the Harrison anti-narcotic bill, now pending in Congress, in which it is proposed to license druggists and others as dealers in narcotic drugs. A provision of this kind, it is declared, would serve to locate all dealers in alcohol and alcoholic liquids for medicinal or mechani cal purposes, would suffice to class them apart from dealers selling alcoholic liquids for beverage purposes, would practically preclude the sale of alcohol for beverage purposes under the guise of medi cine and would afford to officials in prohibition or local option terri tory an opportunity to enforce this type of legislation in a way hither to impossible. The News By JEAN M RS. CHRISTIAN HKMMICK'S charming homo in Rhode Is land avenue was the scene of an Interesting gathering last evening, when a number of prominent people assembled to hear Mrs. Pethlck Lawrence speak on "Woman's Move ment for Constructive Peace." Among those present wore Mrs. Robert Hinck ley and Miss Hinckley, Mrs. Joseph Crawford, Miss Caryl Crawford, Mrs. William Barrett Jtldgcly, Mrs. John J. White, Mrs. Thomas Chatard. Mr. and Mrs. John Blair, Coumess Dumas, Miss Hazel Mackaye and Percy Mackaye. - Mr. and Mrs. Hemmlck entertained at luncheon yesterday In compliment to Mrs. Graham, of Santa Barbara, Cal., who 1b spending a short time at the Shoreham. Among me guests were Princess uavm .awananoKoa, Mr. ana Mrs. John Biddle. Miss Mary Sherrill, Dr. Bispham, Dr. Clem Biddle, of Phila delphia; Percy Mackaye, and Wilbur Underwood. $ Mrs. Frederick A. Delano, wife of Mr. Delano, of the Federal Reservo Board, and their daughters, of Chicago, have arrived in Washington and have joined Mr. Delano at the Shoreham. 4. J. Low Harriman, of Berryvllle, Va., is in Washington for a few days and Is stopping at the Hotel Powhatan. Miss Nellie Arnett daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Arnett, of 1202 N street northwest, and Hermes D. Clayton were married Wednesday at Wardman's court, Fourteenth and Clifton street, by the bridegroom's father, the Rev. J. B. Clayton. Their only attendants were Mr. Clayton's brother and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Clayton. The ye.ung couple will reside at 606 Lamont street. A, Miss Katherlne Beach, daughter of JU.r. SDU airs, luuigau ucatu, is nitj goest of Dr. and Mrs. B. l. Hardin, on Morgan jaeacn, is the Connecticut avenue. Congressman and Mrs. Murdock and Miss Marcia Murdock have given up their apartment at the Powhatan and taken a house at 1338 Q street Mrs. Sylvanus Stokes and Miss Madge Pickett Stokes have returned to the Shoreham from Atlantic City and New Tork. The Georgetown University HosdI- tal will give a Thanksgiving tea and linen shower on Wednesday next from S to 6 in the afternoon. Mrs. Milton E Alle8 Mr8 wilfred jl Barton, and Miss Margaret Mitchell will pour tea, & KeVraVe hospital will asslat the sisters In carrying out the arrangements for the evening, which include a delight ful musical program, inspection of the hospital, etc The occasion will afford the public an opportunity to become acquainted with the hospital and its work. -4.- Mrs. Harry Fitzhugh Gray has ar rived In Washington to be the guest for some time of her mother, Mrs. J. D. Murdaugh. - Mrs. David! Stewart Hendrick enter tained at luncheon yesterday for her daughter. Miss Lillian Hendrick, and some of the season's debutantes. -.j.- Major Philip Brown, U. S. M. C, is at the Naval Hospital for a few days before going on leave. Major Brown has been at Vera Cruz for some time. x , . . -. ... , VS-,?.111,0.!.? iW,U e&?? V1,0 Naval Hospital this week, and Join his wife at the Sagamore, 1824 S street t,,8-. B?ldo,n-tr wl? if i Cjpt- ,T - Dtuuniu, u o. i-i., cuLCiiaiucu ai iuiiuii- eon today in honor of Mrs. J. Franklin Bell. The other guests were Mrs. Er nest Garlington, Mrs. William Corcoran Hill, Mrs. William Haywood. Mrs. Montgomery McComb, Mrs. Rocken bach, Miss Anne McCormick, Mrs. Hen ry P. McCain, Mrs. Hugh Scott, Mrs. W. W. Wotherspoon, Mrs. Mark Bris tol, Mrs. Schwerin. Mrs. J. B. Aleshlre. Mrs. John A. Johnston, Mrs. Reginald F. Nicholson, Mrs. Frank Beatty, Mrs. Galbraith, and Mrs. Philip Hill. The officers of the Mayflower will en tertain at a tea dance this afternoon. Miss Marguerite Pilson was hostess at a luncheon this afternoon in compli ment to several of this season's debu tsntcs Miss' Pilson will go to Philadelphia Friday to attend the Army-Navy foot ball game. She will return Sunday. $. Miss Genevieve Walsh, daughter of Senator and Mrs. Walsh. Is spending some weeks in Oiegon. Mo., as the guest of Miss Marie Zook. Mrs. I. T. Mann has sent out invi tations for a sories of tea dances on December 6, 12 19. and 26, at her home In Sixteenth street. Mrs. Mann will be at home Sundays in January. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Howard and Miss Nellie Claire Howard have taken possession of tho apartment in the Ro chambeau which they will occupy for tho winter. .j. Mrs Claude Swanson, Mrs. Thomas Taliaferro, Mrs. Tuckerman, Mrs. Loul3 of Society ELIOT. VISITS IN NEW YORK MADAME BAKHMETEFF. Lombard, and rMs. Charles McFee have been added to the list of patronesses for the benefit performance of "The Story of the Rosary," which will Ije held on Monday night at the Belasco Theater, for Countess Dumas' general relief fund. .t. Mr. and Mrs. George FrJedlander have returned from New York, where they spent the last week. 4 Mrs. William HItt, Mrs. H. B. F. Mac farland. Mrs. "William Henry White, Mrs. T. G. Cornell, am Mrs. J, A. Wh'taker will serve tea from 4 to 6 o'clock during tha "donation tea" at the Homeopathic Hospita. today. Mrs. Ross Thomprcn, Mrs. K. 13. Grandln, Mrs. M. R. Stetson, Miss lfahneatouk, and jlisa Deal wH receive. A commit tee will be preparad to receive dona tions all day. ! Mrs. M. T. Gronner and Mrs. R. W. Hawkesworth have sent out Invitations for a supper dance at the Willard No vember 23, which will inaugurate a scries of Monday night dances and Tuesday and Saturday afternoon tea dances to be given there during the season under the patronage of Mrs. Frederick Atherton, Mrs. J. Breckin ridge Bane, Miss Biddle, Mrs. George H. Chase. Mrs. Robert Chew, Mrs. Richardson Clover, Mrs. Henry c. Cor bin, Mrs. Thomas Ewlng, Mra T. T. Gafr, M1S3 Gwynn, .airs, unaries a, Hamlin. Mrs. Richard Harlow. Mrs, christian Hemmlck, Mrs. Julian James, irs. w. B. Lamar. Mrs. Joseph Leiter, j jjrs Montgomery Macomb, Mrs. Henry i May. Mrs. McCailum. Mrs. Edward A. ' Mitchell. Mrs. Peyton Russell. Mrs. Seat- on schroeder. Mrs. Stephen Slocum, j Mrs- Robert M. Thompson, Mrs. Rich- cott, Mrs. John F. "Wllklns, and Mrs. William H. Wllmer. Miss Anne Bryan, daughter of Capt. B. C. Bryan, U. S. N., and Mrs. Bryan will go to Philadelphia on Tuesday for a visit of two weeks. Miss Bryan will attend the Army-Navy football game. 4 Miss Katherlne Thelss will go to Philadelphia Friday next to visit Miss Phoebe Adams and will witness the Army-Navy football game. Menoz Rivera, the resident com missioner in Congress of Porto Rico, his returned to Washington and taken apartments at the Powhatan. 4 The Russian Ambassador and Mme. Bakmetcff, who are spending the week in New York, will return to Washing ton on Sunday. Theweckly tea of the Congressional Union for Woman's Suffrage will be held at 1420 F street Sunday afternoon at 4:30 o'clock. The speaker will be Miss Mabel Vernon, who has just re turned from the Nevada campaign. Benjamin Pilson gave a luncheon party yesterday afternoon in honor of her daughter. Mrs. Guller, wife of En sign Robert P. Guller, U. S. N., who is vlsitinc her. -.J.Mrs. Thomns A. Clayton had as her guests at luncheon yesterday Mrs. T. A. Baldwin, Miss Katherlne Judge, Mrs. T. B. Sweeny, Miss Anne McCor mick, Miss Ruth Parker, and Mrs. Charles Hagner. Dr. and Mrs. Claytor are planning to go to the Army-Navy football jjame in Philadelphia. Lieut. Creswell Garlington has ar ilved here to visit his parents. Gen. and Mrs. Ernest Garlington during his month's leave of absence. Lieutenant Garlington has been in the Canal Zone for the past eighteen months. Miss Valerio Padelford entertained at dinner followed by a box partv and supper last n ght for her house guest," Miss Marguerite Paperton. -- Stewart Gilmoro will give a party at tho .Tardin de Danic toniffht in com pliment to Miss Marguerite Caperton. -- Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Barnard will en tertain Informally at dinner tomorrow night at their home In Chevy Chase. -- Mr. and Mrs. Josoph H. Cranford will ghe a tea on Monday. December 7, from 3 to 7 o'clock, at their home. 1607 Twentv-seoond street, to present their dniRhter, Mlsa Dorothy Cranford. Miss Mary Brown, daughter of Gov ernor Brown of Goorgin. who Is a stu dent at Vassar will arrive In Wash ington Friday next to spend the week end with Miss Cranford -- An engagement of interest to Wash ington announced recently Is that of M ss Eleanor Waj no Parker, daughtor of Mr and Mrs. Richard Wayne Park er, and Robert Tan M'acpheraon. of Glontrium, Inverness-shlre, Scotland. The welding will take place shortly at Hutton Park, Orange. N. J. r Assistant Secretaiy of tho Treasury and .Mrs. chailos Hamlin will entertain at dinner tonicht. The First Assistant Secretary of the Intoi ior and .Mrs Miller will entertain at an Informal dinner tonight in com pliment to Prof and Mrs. Bernard Moses, of the University of Calif or nUi. Glasgow to Be Repaired At Rio Janeiro Dry Dock HIO JANEIRO. Nov. 20 The British cruiber Glasgow damaged in the battle off the Chilean coast No ember 1, has cbtaincd permission of the Brazilian gov ernment to go into di& dock here for re pairs. She has but henen days In which to complete these repairs and) put to sea. There are five hole In her hull. MAIL BAG. (From The Times Readers.) GftmrnuaicsUau to the Mall B must be written on one side of tit opf only; must not exceed ttO words m length and must be aliened with name and addrew of the sender. 'The Dup lication of letters In The Tlmee' Mali Bag does not mean the endorsement by The Times of the opinions of the writer. The Mall Bajr is an open torum where the citizens of Washington can arirue moot questions. Attacks the Tipping Custom. To the Editor of the Mall Bag: Allow me to say a few -words' to "T. K.," who endeavor to defend the tipping custom. Yes, T. K., a Up "does enable a pleased customer to show his appreciation for good service," And the absence of the tip also enables a displeased waiter or waitress to show his or her contempt for the lack of appreciation. It would seem, as you suggest, that a waiter would be wise enough to de cide that It would not bo well for him to be discourteous even If his customer did not feel Ulco paying the tip. But, In the words of the famous old proverb, "Things are not always what they seem." And the waiters ARE dis courteous in the absence of the tip; and everyone who has had the opportunity to investigate the matter knows It to be a fact. And we are not all able to promiscuously throw out those "little lOrcent pieces." as you suggest, as the price of self-gratulation. O. P. R. National Anthem Should Command Respect To the Editor of the Mall Bat: The demand on the part of a "G. A. R. Veteran" for mora respect tor, our na tional anthem at theaters and other places where crowds are wont to gather, Is worthy of our serious consideration. As an American, I can say that my experience in both South America and Europe has convinced me that the hymns xt the different countries of these continents are more highly re spected than is "The Star-spangled Banner" in our own land. The old soldier is correct when he says audiences should arise and stand In respectful attention at the sound of the first strain of our stirring national hymn. If the army and navy officers and other officials here would follow this suggestion, it would be but a khort time before standing would be the prac tice of Washlnatonlans. MRS. L. E. P. School Children Menaced By Vehicles. To the Editor of the Mall Bar: As I was going down Tenth street northwest yesterday, I happened to pass one of the public schools where the children had been let out for recess. Delivery trucks, automobiles and mo torcycles were speeding past as if there were no such thing as a child on the street. In the short time that I watched, I saw at least five children narrowly escape being run over be cause the drivers of the machines did not bother to slacken speed when they passed a school house where the pupils had been but recently dismissed. Why could not Washington try the scheme that has worked so well In other cities, notably in certain parts of New England? A block from each school house are "posted warning signs painted an unmistakable red and marked conspicuously with arrows pointing in the direction of the school, "SchooI-300 Yds. Distant Go Slow!" Since the children themselves seem to be so heedless when they are busily en gaged In making the most of their short recess by exciting games of tag and red-line, the drivers surely should not make that their excuse to speed past in the reckless way they do. M. W. Should Push Vacation Fund. To the Editor of the Mall Bag: Some of the women's organizations should push the effort which was in augurated some time ago to-establish a vacation savings fund for working girls, especially those employed In de partment stores in Washington. One meeting was held by a number of prominent women about six months ago to discuss starting a fund similar to the one In New York, but nothing fur ther seems to have been accomplished. As it Is such a good idea, I hope that another effort in that direction will be made very soon. A WELFARE WORKER. Right of Way For Fire Fighters. To the Editor of the Mall Bag: The utter disregard automobillsts and drivers of other vehicles have for their own lives and those of pedestrians is evident every time a fire alarm is given In Washington. Instead of giving the Are wagons the right of way, which. 1 believe, a polico regulation Insists all vehicles must do, drivers, In many In stances, make no effort whatever to clear the way for the fire apparatus to the possible danger to pedestrians who may suffer from a collision, to say nothing of the delay caused fire wagons in getting to conflagrations. It seems to roe drivers of vehicles could help to conserve life and prop erty by giving the District Are depart ment the right of way when resnpndlng to alarms. SAFETY FIRST. Precedents For Democratic Peregri nations To the Editor of the Mall Bag: , In the Mall Bag of November 16, one styling himself an American, takes occasion to administer to our Secre tary of 8tate (and Democratic party In general) a severe reprimand for being absent from his office for near ly a month campaigning In the inter est of his party. If an American citizen has lived in America very long, and has had both eyes open, and a fairly good memory, he would know that Mr. Bryan is only following precedents established by V. Tnn..hllron nnrh" PIMIlt in a Vei"" modified form. It Is a well-known fact that, during Presment Kouaoveua last Administration, not only did members of his Cabinet frequently take long campaign trips in the in terest of their party, but the Presi dent himself traversed this country from Maine to Texas and from the At lantic to the Pacific largely for politi cal purposes. And coming down a little nearer to the Present date. Mr. Taf t had hardly gotten in office w hen he and his Cabinet and other leading officials of his party began campaign ing for a second term It Is strange that an American citizen could be so biased as to overlook these facts when criticising our Secretary of SBeit said, however, to the honor of President Wilson he has spent very little time in the work of campalgn nj? for his party, and has done more fo? the good of the country during thn short period of his Administra tion than was accomplished by the Republican party during the preced wTJ elcht years while they were In power ANOTHER AMERICAN. Makes Plea For Sanitary Milk. m .i. i-4iinr (Jf the Mall Bac TV would probably be to the advantage f nrinv Washington housekeeper.. . insider the source of their milk supply in Connection with the attitude of milk tr'buters toward tho health authori ties especially during the prevalence of ,oot-and-mouth disease among cattle. it seems desirable that the efforts of be iiithorltles to protect tho health of the people should be fortified by public JSeognltion and support and that the fntuous opposition of the Dairymen's Asoc"atlon and certain dealers to all .' sures of sclent'flc sanitary control Sosed by the authorities should be condemned and effectively discouraged. Just now the yDalrymen's Association q fiKhtlng to huvo the records of the test"? of milk we have been consuming minnresspd and made Inaccessible, though thev are public property. What dealers fear the light, and why do they fear It. If their milk Is all It should be? This Is a question of practical Impor taace, C. B. P. The Silver Lining Edited by ARTHUR BAER. Following the Smyrna incident, there will be fierce hand-to-band fighting with turkey next Thursday. Man y a family will have a skeleton In its pantrr next Friday. Poor bird! Lot of men who live from hand to mouth get most of it on their vests.. War will not-reach the full climax of Its, horror until the cold weather ar rives and the plumbers dash into the fray. Elbert Hubbard's "Message of Gar cia" is now three wars out of style. TKOLDC5TI "A man never realixes he is old mntil he tries f tie his shoelace stand ing vp.n In Mexico City the inhabitants have sore feet from marching in Inaugural parades. It may be a disgrace to die rich, but you can live it down. Reason why a bachelor likes a pipe Is because the buttons don't come off. -' t The Krupp gun factory is construct ing new quarters, while their output Is showing none. Lot's wife looked back:, but she wasn't In any Mexican army. Chicago has uncovered a bad egg market, but fortunately the wad la from the northeast. You can't be neutral wh an elevator. You've either got to be on or oft. Army and Navy ASKY. Second Lieut JOHN C. WALKER, Jr., Eighth Infantry, Is detailed to as sist the Government exhibit board, Panama-Pacific International Expo sition. Leave for eighteen days, effective No vember 23, is granted First Lieut. ROBERT. E. O'BREIN, Fifth In fantry. MaJ. CLYDE S. FORD, Medical Corps, is assigned for duty with the Sec ond Division, at Fort Leavenworth, Kans. Capt, MARLBOROUGH CHURCHILL, Field Artillery, is ordered to South Bethlehem, Pa., to organise- a new battery of field artillery, organized militia of Pennsylvania, Leave for two months and twenty days Is granted First Lieut. ARTHUR. D. BUDD. Twenty-second Infantry. Second Lieut WALTER G. KILNER Infantry, aviation student is re quired to participate in aerial flights from November 16. ' - ' ' vnlfAVT.v- '."" Lieutenant Commander" Z. E. BRIGGS, ' t viOregon. . t Lieutenant Commander AUSTIN KAUTZ, to command Glacier. Lieutenant Commander C. M TOZER, to Colorado. Lieutenant Commander W. R. SAYLES. to duty as assistant to naval at tache. Paris. Lieutenant L. H, LACY, to navy yard. Puget Sound, Wash. Passed Assistant Surgeon P. E. GAR RISON, to Solace. Chief Machinist E. W. ANDREWS, to naval station. Guam. Chief Machinist J. E. JONES, to naval proving grounds. Indian Head. Machinist HARRY CKAMPENO, to home, wait orders. Paymaster A. D. TURNER, appoint ment revoked. Paymaster's Clerk W. C. WOOD, ap pointed, to Alabama. Cable from the commander-in-chief. Asiatic fleet Shanghai, China, No vember 19. 1914: Lieutenant L. E. MORGAN, to Civil Hospital. Shanghai. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) C. E. REOR DAN. home, wait orders. Ensign J. R. MANN, jr., to Naval Hos pital. Canacao. MOVEMENTS OF VESSELS. Sailed Roe from New York, yard for Whltestone Landing; Smith from Whitestone Landing for Tompkins vllle; Patapsco from Lynnnavan bav for Norfouk yard; Prairie, K-5. K-6. from Newport for New Lon don; Saratoga from Shanghai for Manila; Cincinnati from Nagasaki for Manila; San Diego from San Francisco for west coast of Mexico: New Orleans from San Francisco for San Diego; Chattanooga from Acapulco for Manzanilli; Buffalo from La Paz for Mazatlan; Hector from Acapulco for Honolulu. Arrived Roe at Whltestone Landing: Smith at Hompklnaville; Patapsco at Norfolk yard; Prairie, K-5. K-6 at New London: Brutus at Santo Domingo city; West Virginia, Al bany, at La Paz; Chattanooga at Acapulco. " Experts Will Discuss City Problems Today BALTIMORE. Nov. 20. How the merit system in municipal government wcrks in Philadelphia will be presented by Arthur M. Swanson. chief examiner for Philadelphia's civil service commis sion, today at the third session of the annual meeting of the National Munici pal League In session here. His subject is "The Practicability of the Merit Sys tem," and it is expected that he will point out some interesting features in Mayor Blankcnburg's administration. Among other speakers who will b heard this afternoon and tomorrow are former Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte, who i3 going to preside over the session devoted to political meth ods, and Henry M. Walte, city manager of Dayton, Ohio. Waite will explain the workings of new civil Ideas which are blng attempted In his city. Map Makers Delay Work Pending End of Conflict LONDON, Nov. 20. Pending altera tions .to the map of Europe, the map making business is at a standstill, according to an official of one of the largest map-making concerns of Lon don. He said today that such exten sive chancres are sure to follow the war that many scientific publications are being held up until the end of the conlllct. ... "it vould bo a certain loss of money to ibue publications with the present maps." he said. "Wc are printing only a sufficient number of maps of Eu rope to meet the trade demand." NHttSQ. f O "'. Jit a -,.