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THE WASHINGTON TDIES, SATURDAY, TsOYEMBER 21; 1912. " Sfeaahmgtott time . . PUBLISHED EVERT EVENING (Including Sundays) Sy The Washington Times Company. THE MTRCSEY BUILDING. Penna. ave. FRANK A. MTJNSEY, President. R. H. TITHERINOTON, Secretary. G. H. POPE, Treaaiirer. One Year (Including Sundriv). $3.60 Bis Months, $1.75. Thrre Months. JKe. Entered at tile pcstofflce at Washlnaton. D n ppcond cla;i mall matter. SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 21, 1914. pi. -1 - ' THE CASUALTY LISTS. Following the huge casualty lists of the war, it must puzzle some per sons to know how the belligerents can go on fighting much longer with out wiping out their forces. The British casualties were announced at jiearly 60,000 up to three weeks ago. This was out of a force which began tat less than 150,000, and is not now supposed to be much in excess of 300,000. It is reported that the German casualty list is already 1,250,000. French estimates have ranged all the ivay from 500,000 to 1,000,000. As the Russians tell it, the Austrians have lost perhajs even more than the Germans. Apparently nobody has tried to count up the Russian losses; but if all the reports as given out day by day and battle by battle were totaled the Russian score might run lip above a couple of million. In any event, nobody would esti mate the combined casualty lists of all the belligerents at less than 2,500,000. With 2,500,000 of the combatants put out of action from first to last since the war opened less than four months ago, it might seem as if it would not take much more than a year to dispose of virtually the first line of all the belligerents. The great mass of names that go on the casualty lists, however, are of men wounded; and there seems to be no doubt that of the wounded some 70 to 30 per cent are back in the ranks in an almost incredibly short time. Some one has estimated that the same 2,500,000 men on the firing line could provide an annual casualty list of 10,000,000 and still leave the original 2,500,000, more men than were ever on battlefields at once since the era of modern warfare. REOPENING 'CHANGE. The reopening of the Chicago Stock Exchange on Monday next is awaited with a great deal of interest in business aiid financial circles throughout the country, as it is ex pected to throw light upon the ex tent of the demand for securities and the anxiety of holders to real ize on them, as well as test the ef fect the war in Europe still exerts on the speculative and investment situation. The test will not be a conclusive one. however, as trad ing in both listed and unlisted stocks and bonds will not be permitted at less than the closing prices of July 30. The decision to resume trading in that market was not made without considering every phase of the situa tion, and it is inconceivable that such an advanced step would have been taken without adopting precaution ary measures in the event of heavy liquidation. If the experiment proves as successful as its sponsors believe it will, there is every reason to look forward to early resumption of trad ing in the regular way on all the leading exchanges of the country- "Many of the best-informed invest ment bankers in the United States express the opinion that the fear that the reopening of exchanges in this country for unrestricted busi ness, domestic and foreign, would be the signal for a flood of selling of American securities held by Euro pean investors is more imaginary than real. Whether their views be right or wrong, there is no question that there is a growing demand for the stock exchanges of the United States to resume business if it can be done without submitting the country to an era of drastic liquidation. The 1 est can be made with much less risk 5n Chicago than in New York; and as Chicago has a number of excep tionally strong financial institutions, the experience there may point the way to a general clearing up of the financial situation. JAPAN'S ARMY PROGRAM The Japanese premier, Count Okuma, has declared his advocacy of a larger army for his country. Japan's parliament will meet Decem ber 5, just two days before our own Congress will begin its regular ses :V.on; and the Japanese government will be ready to propose a program of both military and naval expansion, based on what it conceives to be tna larger responsibilities of the na tion by reason of the present world war. Count Okuma's reasoning in sup port of a larger military power would be quite as applicable to the United Slates. He says .that opponents of the increase point to the nation's growing intimacy with Russia. The government, he replies, is doing all in its power to promote this condi iXoja; but "this satisfactory diplo matic relationship is no reason for neglecting an expedient measure of national defense." Surely that paral lels the situation of the United States, in its present relations to the world. Japan's one close neighbor with whom it might disagree is at present its friend. Our one close neighbor with whom we might dis agree has been at peace with us for just a century, and there is nothing to indicate a change of the condition. Japan, count Okuma concluded, "would have an increasingly import ant role to play in world events, and all should be united to face the prob lems that may arise." If that is not equally applicable to the United States; if Americans do not firmly believe that America "will have an increasingly important role to play," then it would be hard to find any parallel between the postures to two nations, each of which has risen late ly to the rank of a first-class power each of which enjoys the advantage of comparative isolation, and each of which sees ahead of it a great in crease in its burden of international responsibility. HOW LONG? That vast numbers of German sol diers have been hurled from end to end of the empire time and again even in the short period since the war began, is the belief of military authorities almost everywhere. The long deadlock in western Europe of late is commonly accounted for, among military authorities, on the theory that Germany found it neces sary to withdraw large forces and drive them eastward against the advancing Russians. The offensive being still in German hands, it is possible to leave western lines reason ably secure while great forces are taken away from them to serve in the east. The offensive merely requires to be moderated at such times; and seemingly there has been a period of such moderation recentty, while the forces have been pushed into Russian Poland, to inflict a severe disaster on the Russians. How long can Germany continue such tactics? How long will her magnificent organization of trans port, commissariat, and every other detail of the war machine stand such a strain? It is as if a magnificent fighter were compelled to oppose two an tagonists; a round first with one, then with the other; turning now to the right, now to the left; able to hold off and perhaps wear down each opponent; but always compelled to turn without time for breath and rub-down to the other, waiting for his chance and unwilling to grant time for recuperation? The German organization has earned the admiration of every gamester thus far. But likewise it has compelled the inquiry, "How long can it keep up this fearful ef fort?" With a twentieth-century scheme of railroads and canals and wireless and supremely organized mechanism, it has been able to do the very thing that was supposed to be impossible: that is, to divide the enemy and fight him in detail, as Napoleon did. Of course, Napoleon could not have fought two enemies 400 miles apart with one army, be cause he could not have provided in stantaneous transport. Germany has undertaken, with her system of mili tary railroads, to provide almost that. That is the lesson which seeming ly the war in its present stage teaches. So long as Germany can keep the preponderance of her forces on that front where it is needed most; so long as she can keep the enemies on both flanks from effec tively and persistently synchroniz ing their blows just so long can Germany hope to keep up the strug gle, with always the chance of a de terminative victory at one flank that will release the consolidated force for a conclusive round with the en emy on the other side. But this is to be achieved only at a frightful cost of men and of eco nomic resources. Again the ques tion recurs, "How long?" STATES' RIGHTS AGAIN. If the news reports of the pro ceedings of the National Association of Railway Commissioners accurate ly state the effect of action taken, the association adopted a resolution in favor of placing the issuance of railway capitalization under the In-j terstate Commission's control, but reserving that this control shall be additional to the control already held by the States. The State sovereignty forces appear to have carried the day; but just what they won, or wherein they advanced the cause, is j not very clear. Charters for railway corporations are granted by the States, not by the Federal Government. That has been true, practically without ex ception, from the beginning. The States undoubtedly have authority; but they have not used it generally or effectively. It may be doubted whether they are capable of making effective use of it. A charter granted by one State is effective in other States. The classic illustration of this point has long been the case of the Southern Pacific Company, a Kentucky corpor- ation, which has not a mile of road in that State, but thousands of miles in other States. Of course, the rea son for going to Kentucky was to get privileges the corporation wanted. Maine, New Jersey, West Virginia, Delaware, and other States have long been bidders for the organiza tion fees of corporations; seeming to compete in the breadth of privileges they would grant in order to get the fees that the incorporators were re quired to pay. The Rock Island sys tem, now in process of disintegration and reorganization, included at one time two Iowa corporations and one New Jersey corporation, almost in extricably linked together with the general purpose of making it pos sible to issue securities up to the sky without letting the control pass from the hands of the insiders. Oth er cases of the sort might be cited almost without limit. State railway commissioners, like any other executive officers, are disposed to be jealous in guarding their pow ers. But they would serve their pur pose more effectively if they would exercise those powers with discre tion and intelligence, rather than let the powers lie moribund and then adopt resolutions against taking away their authority. If there is to be control of securi ties issues, it must, to be worth while, be a central control, reaching to the whole country. Railroads are not State affairs. They know no State lines. The only authority wide enough to handle them is the nation al authority. A NEW AUTO POWER. A Pennsylvania man has discov ered, it is reported, a new power for operating internal combustion en gines, such as are used by motor cars, which can be produced at about a cent and a half the gallon. If that be true, it means power, said to be equal to or better than gasolene, at one-tenth the cost of what is now the standard fuel for engines of this type. The new fuel, it is explained, is composed chiefly of water, with a small mixture of naphtha, and two cheap ingredients the identity of which is not announced, because they constitute the secret of the process. In brief, it is explained that the in ventor has found a way to disinte grate water without heat; to make it into gas, in short, that will ex plode, without the expense of vapor izing it with heat. It is stated that motor car tests of the new fuel have proved it superior to gasolene. It is almost impossible to calcu late the revolution in power produc tion that would be caused by the de velopment of such a fuel. It would concern not merely the motor car, but every other sort of power. Trac tion plows, for instance, have been devised which in the great fields of Canada and our own Northwest have plowed cheaper than horse power could do it. These have not been practicable where fields are of small area; but they probably would be, if so cheap a power can be provided for them. Every power-using process of the farm, of industry, of transpor tation, would immediately be sub jected to experimentation with the purpose of determining if the new fuel could be utilized for it. There would be a prompt inquiry whether it was longer worth while even to attempt development of great water powers and transformation of their energy into electric current. Rail road locomotives and big stationary power plants that provide light and transportation for cities would be re organized, if it should prove prac ticable, with the new fluid as their basic energy. All manner of power making plants would have to be re built in order to avail of the new economy. Possibilities of the new invention in short, reach out to a realm so in clusive that a very "Arabian Nights" tale of industrial revolution is sug gested. What would not the German government pay just at this time for this secret, which would provide it s substitute for the gasolene that is not to be had in sufficient quantities! It would seem a product of imag ination, if the accounts of the new power-fluid were not so circumstan tial and plausible. The idea of dis integrating water without heat is not new. The possible results of such an achievement have long been recog nized by scientists and technical in vestigators. Many have believed that the time would come when invention would solve the riddle. Now comes the announcement that this long-desired result has been secured. THE FATE OF MEXICO. Everything from Mexico points the conclusion that a decisive battle will soon be fought between the forces of Carranza on one side and Villa and Zapata on the other, which will probably determine the newest civil war in that country. That Villa and Zapata will win is generally ex pected. After that, there will be little seri ous obstacle to Villa's entry into Mexico City. What will happen there will be likely to have a larger influ ence even than the battle now im pending. If the troops of Villa and Zapata do not sack the city; if they can be kept under restraint; if life and property are found to be safe under the insurgent commanders; then it may fairly be expected that a new regime, powerful enough to sustain itself indefinitely, will have been in stalled. The desertion of some thou sands of troops from Carranza to Villa has made quite apparent that the Mexicans want Villa at the head ' of their affairs. The reports of wide I spread disaffection among the Car 'ranzista troops that have not actu ally deserted, strengthens this im pression. Will Villa and Zapata save Mexico City from a terror? Everything in the military career of Villa leads to the belief that he will not only try to do that, but that he will prove him self strong enough to succeed. No body knows better than Villa that Mexico City is the particular point at which touch with the outside world is most delicate. Occupation of the capital in good order and without excesses would do more than i almost anything else to convince doubters that the insurgent leaders are trustworthy, and that their armies are armies, not aggregations of bandits. Therefore the greatest importance attaches to the developments of the next few days, or weeks. If Villa can dominate the situation now im pending, he will be looked upon, more than ever, as the one man strong enough to restore something like stability and a chance to re organize the country. Piano Recital's Proceeds Go to War Sufferers A piano recital for the benefit of the Mission Club and for the purchase of cotton goods for the war sufferers was given by Mme. Marie von Unschuld at the First Congregational Church last night. Two numbers by Madelcine-Laz-ard von Unschuld, the daughter of Mme. von Unschuld, drew encores. After the recital refreshments were served. IN THE TIMES MAIL BAG Communications to the Mall Bag must be written on one side of the paper only; must not exceed 200 words In length, and must be signed with namo and address of the sender. Tho publication of letters In The Times' Mall Dag does not mean the indorsement by The Times of the opinions of the writer. The Mall Bag Is an open forum, where the citizens of Washington may argue moot questions. Messengerboys Endanger Pedestrians. To the Editor of tho Mall Bag: TRii't thnio anv Drov sion by which tho police can break up the habit of mes senger boys riding their bicycles acroBS tho pavement and into tho alley on E street between Thirteer.tn anu x-oui-teenth streets northwest? This morning, during tho rush hour to office, I saw an elderly man miBsed v... .u, i.,r o vr.nth nn a machine. . jr,-. l,r-r ni- ulmllnr occur rences. There is a particularly heavy trarnc at mis puuu. u.. . ""tz the day. and unless there is a stop . . .i. ..nMnconsco it nrfHl not DO prising if some serious injury or death results. . -vT.ir tho bovs -dismount and give pe destrian a chance! Saturday Now Legal Half Holiday. To tho Editor of the Mall Bac: The clerk who advocates oeeu-ninK work a half hour earlier every morn ing, in order to secure a half day's freedom on Saturday, ignores the fact that Saturday is a legal half-hol'.day after 12 o'clock, the year round, as de cided by the Attorney General, and that in being allowed a few Saturdays' release at 1 o'clock, by working through luncheon time, clerks are getting, for three months, an hour and a half less of freedom on Saturday than they aro legally entitled to the year round. From a modern point of view, it would bo economy to grant tho legal half holiday. and give tho worKcrs a chance to make a fresh alignment for another week, and still enjoy a Sab hath rest, just as it would be economy to retire aged workers In any business. The last awa'.ts legislation; the first ic ..tr-nnriv nrnvilftl for loeallv. and j-rbitrarily withheld by those in whose hands rests the power wnicn is greater than the law. But It is bad policy to offer to pay for something which is legally yours. JOHN ZARIl SHAL.ER. Pool Christmas Money oFr War Sufferers. To Hip Hdltor of the Mall Uac Christmas is near, and the tinio is coming when every generous person must dig down for money for gifts to give to family and friends. It would bo a splendid thing if every person who either gives or takes Christmas gifts, would lorego this time, and pool tho Christmas money for tho aid of the war sufferers. Th benefit would not onlv be that needed help would bo given to tho desti tute of Europe, but the act of doing some-thing for the other fel'ow, would reflect on the person who made tho sacrifice, and who possessed tho senti ment. F.vt-ry good sentiment is of valuo though it Is nothing moro than a senti ment. In this case refraining from Christmas Kiving and putting that money into things for the sufferers abroad; will do both tilings, givo actual comfort, in blankets, and shawls, and warm up tho hearts of the senders. A SYMPATHIZER. Cars Have No Fixed Stopping Places. To the Alitor of the Mall J!uk: Some radical changes in the rules or near-rules for the stopping of sticet cars nt certain street corners would probuhly be appreciated by patrons of the various lines in the District. Ono sample of the ignorance or perhaps wil ful starting happened last evening about 5:45 o'clock at Thirteen-and-a-half street northwest. Being the victim, I am fully cognizant of the facta in the case. While waltiiiR for a Georgetown car at thv point mentioned, two friends with whom I had been waiting, who got on a Fourteenth street car. irnd I stood at the exact point where they entered their car. When tho George town car came alon the motorman stopped his car a full length further down the Avenue. Just as I got to the roar the conductor slammed tho door and rung the bell, giving me the laugh as I stood there. So, to he sure to be at tho proper stopping point when tho next ono came along, I stood right there, when along enme the tioxt one and stopped still another length away from the place I was standing, and I was compelled to run once more to got on. There is no "stop" plate in the street at this point, and cars stop at almost anv point within fifty feet of tho cross street. This Is only one of the many The Silver Lining Edited by ARTHUR BAER. Brer' Taft says he is up an apple tree. Must bo shaking 'cm down for the other boys. Secretary Bryan seeks a vacation among the- Florida palms. Evidently variety. Difference between a prisoner and a warden at Sing Sing Is that the prisoner can llvo It down In after years. After a man la married about a year, he realizes that tho best man at his wedding was his wife. Way to stop the enemy's advance) ef fectually is to rush a few revolved doors to the front. TJC OLDEST IN "Suburbanite has got other things t' think o beside th' war since th Pennsy raised c o m m utution rates." One good way to freezo the custard f. r the Thanksgiving dinner is to take it for a ride on a street car. The Department of Agriculture says that pink oysters are perfectly healthy If you don't see elephants at the same time. Folks who play 'possum should he careful that they don't get served with sweet potatoes on the side. John D. finds the subterranean mine as deadly as the submarine variety. Experts find the pink oyster is caused by a wild yeast bacillus. Another argu ment for a larger navy. inconveniences with which patrons of this line have to contend. PATRON. More Public Conveniences Needed. To the Editor of the Mall Bag: The writer has nothing but praise for those who write about "real things" and evils that call for remedies, and he takes his hat off to a recent contributor i who called the attention of the public to tne urgent need or more public con veniences, and he should have added the enforcement of tho law roniilHnir milt. , lie utilities to provide such necessities at all railway terminals. After a per 8on leaveH the center of the city on the cars going west there are no conveni ences whatever until a person arrives at the end of the Capital Traction car line in Georgetown; and what Is found there? Several years ago tho Traction Company provided very creditable toilet rooms for the employes, which were open to the public. Since traffic has more than doubled and more room needed for traffic purposes, this con venience was abolished, regardless of the health and accommodation of sev eral thousands of patrons of the road who enter cars dally at that point. The Old Dominion also has a terminal sta tion there that is a disgrace to the Capital City. They provide a toilet room Just largo enough to accommodate one person at a time, the most filthy in the city, which statement can be verified by the police who are stationed at the bridge. Tho attention of the health Inspector and the police have been called to this gross disregard for the health, convenience, and accommo dation of the public but they claim they can do nothing. Now the query is. Who can do something? Tho writer feels that publicity through the columns of The Times will bring results. Many peoplo do not desire to visit or intrude, not being patrons, on the bar rooms near by for those conveniences a pub lic utility should provide; and now this Bame railroad is attempting to oust these barrooms. G. PAINE PHIL.L.IPS. Describes Suffering At Home. To the Editor of the Mall Bac: Will you kindly publish the follow ing in the Mail Bag? I am a widow with one child, and must say that my indignation has been aroused at tho Idea of tho rich people giving fairs benefits, etc.. for the purpose of rais ing a fund to send to the widows and orphans of the European war. Thou sands of dollars havo been collected for this purpose. I know that war is a horrible thing. But we also have many widows and orphans right in our own country. 1 myself, have no support but my hands and poor health as well as having to care for my child have hindered mo i from obtaining employment. I have asked the Christian people to help me obtain work, and they have not oven answered my letters. Nevertheless. J thoy are sending money by the thou- I ennds of dollars to foreigners, and leavo I the widows and orphans of Americn I In want. Such charity! Thoir reason for sending the money to Europe is simply because they want to link their names with the Red Cross Society and have thorn printed in the papers. I lay In the hospital, last spring, at the point of death, and had to pay mv expenses out of the few dollars I had all I had in the world. I havo begged for work and cannot got it. and I do not know where my rent money is comintr from. If the rich people arranged a Christ mas ship for the widows and orphans of America they would have plenty of work to do. A PITP'',"l:'U AT home. He Preserves Eggs In Salt. To the Editor of tho Mall BaR- I saw an article in The Times regard ing eggs at $1 a dozen. I have kept eggs for months in Bait, Salt should bo put Into ti stone Jar, the eggs set close to gethcr. but not touching, and then tho space should bo filled with salt. I have all my winter eggs up now and am sell ing fresh laid ones. Epgs are kept by the salt method so we'l that they can not be told from fresh ones? POULTRY RAISER. Glaciers of India Shown To National Geographers Glaciers of India were vividly por trayed to tho National Geographic So clty last night by Dr. W. Hunter Work man and Mrs. F. Bullock Workman, ex plorers of International reputation, who havo spent years in the Himalaya moun tains. Pictures were shown of tho Great Rose glacier, Karakoruni, one of the most famous glaciers of Asia, u hich Mr. and Mrs. Workman explored and photographed at great risk. l I" HABSCZ The News By JEAN AL.ARGE and prominent clement of Washington society will jour ney to Fort Mycr this afternoon for the drill and tea-dance to be given for the benefit of the Army Belief Society. The Assistant Secretary of War and Mrs. Breckenridge will rep resent the Secretary of War and Mrs. Garrison, who are out of tho city. The benefit has been arranged by Mrs. Al bert L. Mills, wife of General Mills, with the assistance of the women of the Army Relief Society. At the tea which will follow tho drill the women of Fort Myer will serve, assisted by a number of prominent army women and a bevy of pretty girls. Candy, cake, and flowers will be sold. Mrs. George E. Davis and Mrs. J. B. Aleshlre, who have charge of tho trans portation, have arranged for extra" car accommodations. .. Gen. and Mrs. George Barnett, who have recently returned from a shoot ing trip, will entertain Mrs. Barnett's sister, Mrs. Henry C. Mustin. at tho commandant's house, Marine Barracks, next week. Miss Dorothea Owen, daughter of Senator and Mrs. Robert L. Owen, en tertained at dinner last evening in honor of her house guest. Miss Flor ence Mack, of New York. Senator and Mrs. Owen have Issued Invitations for a tea dance on Decem ber 9, at Rauscher's, when they "will introduce their daughter. Mrs. Sarah Montague and Miss Mary Wortley Montague go to New York to day. Miss Montague will be married In El Paso. Tex., on December 1 to Karl Minnegerode, of .Elephant Butte, N. Mex., formerly of this city. .J. Miss Mary Wheeler Vest, daughter of Mrs. Agatha McShane, of Baltimore, will come to Washington tomorrow for the winter. The Rev. J. W. Frlzzell and Mrs. Friz zell announce tho engagement of their daughter, Edna, to William Leslie Coombs, of San Francisco. The wed ding will take place in this city Jan uary 2. Jr. and Mrs. Ernest Schroeder have taken possession of their town house, 2029 P street. They spent the summer and fall months at their home near Bethesda. Md.- Mrs. William Burr Harrison enter tained Informally at luncheon yescer day for Miss Mary Wortley Montague. Mr. and Mrs. James Tompkins are guests of Conway B. Hunt and the Mlssest Hunt In N street Robert Jefferds and Joseph Jeffords, of Charleston, W. Va., will be the guests of Mr. and Mrs. George Cooper during tho Thanksgiving holidays. .?. The section of literature of the Twen tieth Century Club will meet Monday at 2 o'clock at the home of the leader, Mrs. Henry Farquhar, 1601 Park road, when Miss Lucy S. Patrick will read a paper on Emerson. The section or music will meet at the same hour to morrow with Mrs. Howard L. Wilklns, 340S Mt. Pleasant street. On Tuesday at 11 a. m. the section of civics-education will meet with Mrs. Marlus Camp bell at the Mendota. Members are re quested to take with them scissors and thimbles and knitting needles. Tuesday afternoon at 2:15 the section of arch aeology will have its second meeting of the month at the home of Mrs. John Lowe, 2C22 Woodley place. .. Mrs. James A. White, of Murphys boro. 111., is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Wil liam M. Geddes at their home on Co-, lumbia road. ! . tt iinmnro iinri Miss Mar guerite Caperton won the prizes at the I dance contest iaai uigui. . .-... de Danse. Mr. Gllmore was host at a narty eiven in honor of Mls3 Caperton, daughter of Admiral Caperton. and the house guest of Miss Valerie Padelford. """" T v,c nnient -worn MfB3 Emily Beatty. Miss Marlon Trumbull., Miss Margaret isiilluii. .i. .v,.w., Talcott. Miss Mary Montague. Mrs. Alexander Britton. Captain Cast llo, Lieutenant Menariy. .uaruua juimu, Senor Racedo. Henry Dixon. Lieuten ant Langworthy. and Lawrence Janney. .j. a i..m ami pnthuslftstic an d I en co gathered for Mme. Schumann-Heink'3 . recital yesterday. Mrs. Wllmer occu pied a box. with Miss wilmer-and Miss I Gladys ir.ncKiey; jus. h"u . Walsh had with her Mrs. Mahlon Pit ney. Mrs. Charles E. Hughes. Miss Mott and Colonel Mott: Miss Mary Pat ten and Miss Mary Sheridan were in another box; and Mr. and Mrs. Wilson Orecno entertained in honor of tho new District Attorney and Mrs. Laskey. Among those in the audience were Mrs. Franklin K. Lane. Mrs. David Franklin Rouston. Mrs. William F. Draper and Miss Draper. Mrs. James B. AUshlre. the Misses Aleshlre. Mrs. W. W. Wotherspoon, Mrs. Chauncey Hackett, Mrs. George Bliss, Miss Laura Mohun. Mr. and Mrs. John S. Blair, Mrs. William Reyburn, Mr. and Mrs. Max Kauffman, Miss Lucy Bradley, Miss Gatewood, Miss Huff, Miss Power, Rozier Dulany, and Captain Bassett. Miss Marguerite Barbour will leave on Friday next for Philadelphia to at- leni the Army-navy football game and o be tho guest of Miss Bessie Samuels 'nd Miss Dorot'iy Huey. Later Miss Samuels and Miss Isabclle Mersman, of St. Louis, will be Miss Barbour's house guests. -- Mrs. Robert Traver and Miss Frances rraver, who have been at the Shore Inra for some t'me. will take posses ion of their Connecticut avenue home on Monday. -- Colonel and Mrs. Klrkman, formerly of this city, who for the last few years have been residing in Chicago, will spend the winter in Washington. They are at tho Buckingham Hotel. Courtney Weems. of Winchester. Va.; Spencer Aldrich of New York; Huch A. Garland, of Wilmington. Del., and Dr. W. B. Murray and James B. Norrls. of this city, will be the ushers at the wed ding of Dr Howard Hume and Miss nr.ri.s Hayvood on tho evening of De cember 2. Robert Hume will act as best man for his brother. -.j.-Mrs. John R. Williams expects to re turn from New York today and Join What's on the Program in Washington Today. Meetings, evening: Luncheon. Common Counsel Club nt Lock Tavern Cluh. 1:30 P. m. Bazaar. Daughters of the Confederacy. Now Wlllard. 10 a. m to 6 p. in. Lecture. Art and Archaeology Leaguo. at Mount Vernon Seminary. 2 p. m. Drill and dansant. Army Relief Society. Fort Myer. 2:30 p. i. Odd Fellows-Canton Washington. No. 1. Patriarchs Militant Socialist Party-Social luncheon. Amusements. National-Zlcgfeld Follies. 2:1S and S:f5 p. m. Colombia "So Much for So Much." 2:15 and Beiusco-"Pes o' My Heart." 2:20 and S:20 B F. kelth'tt Vaudeville. 2:15 and S:15 p. in. Poll's "Madame X." 2:15 and R:15 p. m. Gayetv Burlesque. 2:15 and 8:16 p. m. Cosmos Vaudeville. Casino Vaudeville. CrandalVfl-Photoulavs Moore'n Strand Photoplay. Garden Photoplay. of Society ELIOT. Colonel Williams at their R street home. Miss Francise WlKiams will re main in New York a few days longer, reaching Washington early next week. -4 Miss Clare do Graffenrlcd entertained at a reception this afternoon in honor of Mrs. F. Bullock Wortman and Dr. W. Hunter Wortman, both of whom lectured last night before tho Geo graphical Society on the glac.ers of In dia, many of which they have explored themselves. J. Mrs. Benjamin Goldsmith and Miss Helen Goldsmith, -who have been visit ing in Washington for some time, will go to Philadelphia to attend the Army Navy football game. Mrs. Goldsmith and M ss Goldsmith will pass December at Palm Beach. A Miss Helen Hammersley, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Langdon Hammersley, was married to Ensign Charles Nelson Ingraham, TJ. S. N., this afternoon at the home of tho bride, at Round Hill, Va. Ensign Ingraham Is from Ohio. Miss Madge Stokes will return Sun day from a visit in Virginia. - An Informal hop took place last night ai me vvasnington Barracks. Colonel and Mrs. Kuhn will go to Philadelphia to attend the Army-Navy football game. They will then go to West Point to visit their son, -who 13 In the academy. Later they o to New York, whero Miss Kuhn will remain with the colonel until ho sails, about December l. for Europe. . J. Mrs. Simon Wolf, Mrs. A. Ldsner, Mrs. A. T. Britton, Mrs. Carl Casey, Mrs. Carl Droop. Mrs. Georsro Johnson. Mrs. A. B. Lacey, Mrs. R. Sylvester, Mrs. T. Li. Ames, mra. J. e. JBaines, Mrs. C. H. Bates, Mrs. I. Berman, Mrs. Sherley W. Bowles, Mrs. J. L. Cassln, Mrs. Frances Dickens, Mrs. Giles Hellprin, Mrs. Her man Howensteln, Mrs. J. K. Jones. Jr., Miss Kate Macartney, Mrs. Albert M. Reid, Mrs. S. H. Smith, Mrs. C. J. Wil liamson, Mrs. W. M. Weaver, Mrs. Easby Smith, will be hostesses at the annual donation tea and sale at the .Foundling Home, 1715 Fifteenth street northwest, on the afternoon of Novem ber 24, from 3 until 6 o'clock. There will be home-made cakes; flowers, candy, and fancy articles on sale. The home will he open to the guests. 4. Mrs. Frank Noyes and Miss Frances Noyes are spending the week-end at Atlantic City, while Miaa Ethel Noyes has Joined her father at their Wash ington home, rollowlng a visit in New York. -4,- A concert for the benefit of the Bel gian sufferers will be held at the Church of Our Father. Thirteenth and I streets, on the evening of November 27. An Interesting program has been arranged by Miss Lillian Chenoweth, and Mlsa Dorothy Baxter, contralto soloist and organist, respectively, of the church. During the intermission the young women of the church will have home-made candles for sale. Miss Katherine Whittlesey, who has been stopping at the Grafton, will leave tomorrow for a visit to New York. 4, Mrs. Schuman-Whlttlesey, whose work with paints and fine dress fabrics has attracted considerable attention, will paint a cotton chiffon gown for the cot ton ball to be held early in December Miss Constance BueL daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence C. Buel and Vivian Burnett, son of Mrs. Francis Hodgson Burnett, formerly of this city were mar ried this afternoon at the home of the bride's parents, 130 East Sixty-seventh street. New York city. Only relatives witnessed the ceremony. A reception followed. b- MIss Violet RIdgeway, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John J. RIdgeway, of Phila delphia, and Theodore Jaeckel, American consul, at Stavanger, Norway, will be married today, at the bride's home in Philadelphia. S The Day Nursery and Dispensary at 466 N street will be the beneficiary of a bazaar to be held at the Raie'gh Ho tel, on December 7 from 2 to 12 p. ra. There will be dancing from 4 to 7 and from 0 to 12. There will be a sale of attractive and useful articles. Mrs. James C. Towers will have charge of the fancy work table, Mrs. J. C. Wel llver is chairman of the table for fancy towels, Mrs. John Snure will sell bags and baskets, Mrs. G. L. Peckham will have the apron table, and Mrs. Carter and Mrs. H. H. Hazen will be at the tea table. Mrs. J. C. Adkins will have a fine selection of homemade cakes, Mrs. Jnmes Tibbetts cf homemade preserves. Jellies, etc., and Miss Mildred Wilson will sell homemade candles. Mrs. E. C. Rogers will have a parcel post ta blt. and Mrs. William Kelsey an art table The patronesses are Mrs. William Jen nings Bryan. Mrs. A. S. Burleson, Mrs. Josephus Daniels, Mrs. William C. Red field. Mrs. Duncan TJ. Fletcher, Mrs. A. B. Cummins. Mrs. H. M. Towner. Mrs. John A. Logan, Mrs. W. E. Andrews, Mrs. H. H. Hazen Mrs. Charles Ray Dean, and Mrs. W. P. French. -- The District Auxiliary of the Navv Relief Society will give a ball at the navy yard on the evening of December 29, in lieu of the tea dances which they held last season. Mrs. Edward W,. Foerle is president of the District branch; Mrs. Seaten Schroeder, Mrs. Richard Wainwright, and Mrs. George Barnett are vice presidents; Mrs. Mc Dougall is treasurer, and the secretary is Mrs. Chester Wells. The executive committee Includes Mrs. Leutze. Mrs. Dorn, and Mrs. F. S. Fletcher. Mrs. Beatty heads the flnanco committee, and the relief committee includes Mrs. Nicholson and Mrs. Pyne. State Rights Emphasized By Rail Commissioners With tho exception of a few of their number Interested in cases pending be fore tho Interstate Commerco Commis sion, none of tho delegates who attended the convention of the National Associa tion of Railway Commissioners remain in Washington today. The convention adjourned last night after two resolu tions, as against Federal control, had bCS"ede0sPoludtion urged legislation that woula prevent the Interstate Commerce Commission from ateoU-inff a railroad from enforcing a state-made rate, until such rate shall be held unlawful in cwrt The other approved the Reyburn WU giving the Interstate Commerce Commission Jurisdiction over railroad se curities, but added the proviso that fed eral control and regulation "shall not be fn lieu of. but In addition to the au thority of the several States in such matters." Next year's convention will be held at San Francisco in October. Hickory Selected by Ax Handle Specifications s a result of now specifications for ne sledge, adz. pick and other hickory han'dics, making available material nreviously deemed unfit, for use. the Unama canal authorities havo recently tnirchased largo quantities of hickory tor this purpose at a saving of 25 per cent in cost. The new rules aro tho result of long study of the subject, covering ex haustive strength tests, and provide that handles be selected according to we'ght and density of the wood. Yljo War Department and the Navy Department have adopted the new specifications and it is believed that a material saving will be effected. ILnJ T. Al Woods and Adolph Kiauber Hasten Back to Gotham in Deep Aura of Gloom. ODMW By GARDNER MACE. Speeding toward New York as fast as the Congressional Limited will carry him, hunched in a corner of his com partment and surrounded by an aura .' of gloom that belles his rotund person ana uhlnlncr Trih .n....... .... ?XIC. A1 J1- Woa. the veteran theatrical producer. Beside him, his classic German name perked jauntily over one ear because that's the only thing German about him. and he likes the sound of it. Is Adolph Kiauber. the eminent critic of the theater. Both men n?J.e.had shock, and both have been afflicted with that species of the foot-and-roouth disease which urges them to hot foot it away from here and tell their uuuuica m anomer quarter. Find Remarkable Play Here. Woods and Kiauber came io Wash ington to see Wlllard Mack's produc- - tion of "So Much for So Much" Thurs day. They visited the theater, getting In after the curtain had arisen. Their N attention was Immed-ately centered on the stage. Woods forgot he had ever seen a play before, and as the smooth action of the first act developed th P.L, . PIece- he actually flushed guiltily as though he had been detected trying to pry into a neighbor's private affairs, so real was the work of the actors and actresses In the piece. Klan ber adjusted his critical stare as he stepped into the box, but dropped It in the dark and crouched back farther and further as the players spoke their lines, until he looked almost human at ' the end of the act. As the curtain came down both men rushed to tho lobby and walked fever ishly up and down waltlnE' for the bell t to signal the beginning of the second act. They didn't attempt to disguise -aelr enjoyment of the second act and tho third,-and on the final curtain they both rushed around to the stage to congratulate the dramatist and the icaumj; woman. Second Right Surprise. Yesterday' they could ta.k of nothing else but the play. They were amazed at its technical perfection, the smoothness of Its lines, the quaint, humorous dia logue, which takes away the sting of the tragedy and the simple human ap peal of. the whole story. They agreed with the Washington critics and the people who have seen it thatlt Is prob ably the best dramatic production that haa been brought out in the Eastern section of the country for many years. And they .remained in the city to see it again last night. Thev walked Into their box this time before the curtain rose and they looked about the house. Here and there they saw somebody sit ting In the auditorium. They had ex pected to find the house crowded be cause there has never been a play In this city that has received such gener ous praise from both the public and the newspapers and there never has been a Play that deserved it more. But for some reason there did not seem to be enough people In the house to justify the notices. For a. bad nlav th m?rtfanr ttw.1? have formed a very good crowd. But for a play such as "So Much For So Much," presented as It is by a company Of flctom whn rfo nn jvarm fr, K& a .(... at all, but are going about ordinary u'ij wur& ana pmy ana pain in tne Wn.v almost- evprvrvrw fn th anrtfen.. has gone about their work and play and. pain every day in their lives for such a ". tuiu actors me auaienco seemed to. reucw. very pooriy xno critical taste or the city. Poor Attendance Mystery. At least that Is what Mr. Woods and Mr. Kiauber thought as they sat there amazed, and that is what I was forced to think as I came In behind them. They both asked the reason why. There was no answer. The situation Just Is. The author and the play and the com pany are so far above the usual stand ard of ever the best of such things that no comparisons can be made to fit the case. And yet the total number of per sons who have witnessed tho produc tion sc far this week is so far below the average attendance at one of the how-much-she-can -sfrip-and-yet-keep-out-of-stripes forms of entertainment, that comparisons are distinctly odious here, too. Of course, the aggregate may be brought up by the attendance at the matinee and evening performances to daythe last opportunity the public will have. But It is doubtful. And so Mr. Woods anc Mr. Kiauber are taklne their doleful countenances back to New York In search of the an swer. Something Is the matter with tho theatrical business when the finest of productions cannot draw crowds In Washington, because Washington Is one of the best show towns in the country. Hope Australian Wool Embargo Will Be Lifted State Department officials are still hopeful of obtaining a modification of the embargo on wool exportation from Australia, although the Brit'sh govern ment refuses to let down the bars at present. Irfist year the united States imported nearlv J60.000.000 In unmanufac tured woolens, most of which came from the United Kingdom. There have been large annual purchases of Australian wool of the coarser grades for use In clothing manufacture. Great Britain's unwillingness to per mit wool exports is said to be due to the necessity of providing cIothlnc for the armyj Biggest Christmas Mail LAUtVlbU UJ WUHVwi. j,l Anticipating the "largest bulK of Christmas mail in the history of the .Postoffice Department." Postmaster General Burleson has sent instruction to all postmaster to make plans for handling it. A supply of placards has been sent broadcast to postoffices for display in main offices and station advising the public to mall parcels early, wrap them securely and address them plainly. Par- f eels mailed early may be marked Not o be opened until Christmas.' Railway Relief Body Attends Entertainment The first of a series of socials was given last night by the Washington Railway Relief Association at Its club rooms, 200 members and friends being present. Both tho Washington Railway and Electric Company and the Potomac electric Power Company were well rep resented. A vaudeville performance, during which J. T. Moffet gave several enjoyable impersonations, was followed by a buffet luncheon. Cuts Rediscount Rate. The Federal Reserve Bank of Boston f will in future charge a rediscount rate of only 5Vi per cent for maturities of th'rty days or less. This is the first reduction made In rediscount rates since the opening of all the banks on Mon day, and t is taken to mean that money is easier iu ixcw .ciusiauu. .3MK