. ' SJK. "V fJr'f'3J---H-gr'-j'S5'--W'5.
THE WASHINGTON TDIES, SATURDAY, TsOYEMBER 21; 1912.
PUBLISHED EVERT EVENING
Sy The Washington Times Company.
THE MTRCSEY BUILDING. Penna. ave.
FRANK A. MTJNSEY, President.
R. H. TITHERINOTON, Secretary.
G. H. POPE, Treaaiirer.
One Year (Including Sundriv). $3.60
Bis Months, $1.75. Thrre Months. JKe.
Entered at tile pcstofflce at Washlnaton.
D n ppcond cla;i mall matter.
SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 21, 1914.
pi. -1 - '
THE CASUALTY LISTS.
Following the huge casualty lists
of the war, it must puzzle some per
sons to know how the belligerents
can go on fighting much longer with
out wiping out their forces. The
British casualties were announced at
jiearly 60,000 up to three weeks ago.
This was out of a force which began
tat less than 150,000, and is not now
supposed to be much in excess of
It is reported that the German
casualty list is already 1,250,000.
French estimates have ranged all the
ivay from 500,000 to 1,000,000. As
the Russians tell it, the Austrians
have lost perhajs even more than the
Germans. Apparently nobody has
tried to count up the Russian losses;
but if all the reports as given out
day by day and battle by battle were
totaled the Russian score might run
lip above a couple of million.
In any event, nobody would esti
mate the combined casualty lists of
all the belligerents at less than
2,500,000. With 2,500,000 of the
combatants put out of action from
first to last since the war opened less
than four months ago, it might seem
as if it would not take much more
than a year to dispose of virtually
the first line of all the belligerents.
The great mass of names that go
on the casualty lists, however, are of
men wounded; and there seems to be
no doubt that of the wounded some
70 to 30 per cent are back in the
ranks in an almost incredibly short
Some one has estimated that the
same 2,500,000 men on the firing
line could provide an annual casualty
list of 10,000,000 and still leave the
original 2,500,000, more men than
were ever on battlefields at once
since the era of modern warfare.
The reopening of the Chicago
Stock Exchange on Monday next is
awaited with a great deal of interest
in business aiid financial circles
throughout the country, as it is ex
pected to throw light upon the ex
tent of the demand for securities
and the anxiety of holders to real
ize on them, as well as test the ef
fect the war in Europe still exerts
on the speculative and investment
situation. The test will not be a
conclusive one. however, as trad
ing in both listed and unlisted stocks
and bonds will not be permitted at
less than the closing prices of July
The decision to resume trading in
that market was not made without
considering every phase of the situa
tion, and it is inconceivable that such
an advanced step would have been
taken without adopting precaution
ary measures in the event of heavy
liquidation. If the experiment proves
as successful as its sponsors believe
it will, there is every reason to look
forward to early resumption of trad
ing in the regular way on all the
leading exchanges of the country-
"Many of the best-informed invest
ment bankers in the United States
express the opinion that the fear
that the reopening of exchanges in
this country for unrestricted busi
ness, domestic and foreign, would be
the signal for a flood of selling of
American securities held by Euro
pean investors is more imaginary
Whether their views be right or
wrong, there is no question that
there is a growing demand for the
stock exchanges of the United States
to resume business if it can be done
without submitting the country to
an era of drastic liquidation. The
1 est can be made with much less risk
5n Chicago than in New York; and
as Chicago has a number of excep
tionally strong financial institutions,
the experience there may point the
way to a general clearing up of the
JAPAN'S ARMY PROGRAM
The Japanese premier, Count
Okuma, has declared his advocacy
of a larger army for his country.
Japan's parliament will meet Decem
ber 5, just two days before our own
Congress will begin its regular ses
:V.on; and the Japanese government
will be ready to propose a program
of both military and naval expansion,
based on what it conceives to be
tna larger responsibilities of the na
tion by reason of the present world
war. Count Okuma's reasoning in sup
port of a larger military power would
be quite as applicable to the United
Slates. He says .that opponents of
the increase point to the nation's
growing intimacy with Russia. The
government, he replies, is doing all
in its power to promote this condi
iXoja; but "this satisfactory diplo
matic relationship is no reason for
neglecting an expedient measure of
national defense." Surely that paral
lels the situation of the United
States, in its present relations to the
world. Japan's one close neighbor
with whom it might disagree is at
present its friend. Our one close
neighbor with whom we might dis
agree has been at peace with us for
just a century, and there is nothing
to indicate a change of the condition.
Japan, count Okuma concluded,
"would have an increasingly import
ant role to play in world events, and
all should be united to face the prob
lems that may arise." If that is not
equally applicable to the United
States; if Americans do not firmly
believe that America "will have an
increasingly important role to play,"
then it would be hard to find any
parallel between the postures to two
nations, each of which has risen late
ly to the rank of a first-class power
each of which enjoys the advantage
of comparative isolation, and each of
which sees ahead of it a great in
crease in its burden of international
That vast numbers of German sol
diers have been hurled from end to
end of the empire time and again
even in the short period since the
war began, is the belief of military
authorities almost everywhere. The
long deadlock in western Europe of
late is commonly accounted for,
among military authorities, on the
theory that Germany found it neces
sary to withdraw large forces and
drive them eastward against the
advancing Russians. The offensive
being still in German hands, it is
possible to leave western lines reason
ably secure while great forces are
taken away from them to serve in the
east. The offensive merely requires
to be moderated at such times; and
seemingly there has been a period
of such moderation recentty, while
the forces have been pushed into
Russian Poland, to inflict a severe
disaster on the Russians.
How long can Germany continue
such tactics? How long will her
magnificent organization of trans
port, commissariat, and every other
detail of the war machine stand such
It is as if a magnificent fighter
were compelled to oppose two an
tagonists; a round first with one,
then with the other; turning now to
the right, now to the left; able to
hold off and perhaps wear down each
opponent; but always compelled to
turn without time for breath and
rub-down to the other, waiting for
his chance and unwilling to grant
time for recuperation?
The German organization has
earned the admiration of every
gamester thus far. But likewise it
has compelled the inquiry, "How
long can it keep up this fearful ef
fort?" With a twentieth-century
scheme of railroads and canals and
wireless and supremely organized
mechanism, it has been able to do
the very thing that was supposed
to be impossible: that is, to divide
the enemy and fight him in detail, as
Napoleon did. Of course, Napoleon
could not have fought two enemies
400 miles apart with one army, be
cause he could not have provided in
stantaneous transport. Germany has
undertaken, with her system of mili
tary railroads, to provide almost
That is the lesson which seeming
ly the war in its present stage
teaches. So long as Germany can
keep the preponderance of her forces
on that front where it is needed
most; so long as she can keep the
enemies on both flanks from effec
tively and persistently synchroniz
ing their blows just so long can
Germany hope to keep up the strug
gle, with always the chance of a de
terminative victory at one flank that
will release the consolidated force
for a conclusive round with the en
emy on the other side.
But this is to be achieved only at
a frightful cost of men and of eco
nomic resources. Again the ques
tion recurs, "How long?"
STATES' RIGHTS AGAIN.
If the news reports of the pro
ceedings of the National Association
of Railway Commissioners accurate
ly state the effect of action taken,
the association adopted a resolution
in favor of placing the issuance of
railway capitalization under the In-j
terstate Commission's control, but
reserving that this control shall be
additional to the control already held
by the States. The State sovereignty
forces appear to have carried the
day; but just what they won, or
wherein they advanced the cause, is j
not very clear.
Charters for railway corporations
are granted by the States, not by
the Federal Government. That has
been true, practically without ex
ception, from the beginning. The
States undoubtedly have authority;
but they have not used it generally
or effectively. It may be doubted
whether they are capable of making
effective use of it.
A charter granted by one State
is effective in other States. The
classic illustration of this point has
long been the case of the Southern
Pacific Company, a Kentucky corpor-
ation, which has not a mile of road
in that State, but thousands of miles
in other States. Of course, the rea
son for going to Kentucky was to get
privileges the corporation wanted.
Maine, New Jersey, West Virginia,
Delaware, and other States have
long been bidders for the organiza
tion fees of corporations; seeming to
compete in the breadth of privileges
they would grant in order to get the
fees that the incorporators were re
quired to pay. The Rock Island sys
tem, now in process of disintegration
and reorganization, included at one
time two Iowa corporations and one
New Jersey corporation, almost in
extricably linked together with the
general purpose of making it pos
sible to issue securities up to the
sky without letting the control pass
from the hands of the insiders. Oth
er cases of the sort might be cited
almost without limit.
State railway commissioners, like any
other executive officers, are disposed
to be jealous in guarding their pow
ers. But they would serve their pur
pose more effectively if they would
exercise those powers with discre
tion and intelligence, rather than let
the powers lie moribund and then
adopt resolutions against taking
away their authority.
If there is to be control of securi
ties issues, it must, to be worth
while, be a central control, reaching
to the whole country. Railroads are
not State affairs. They know no
State lines. The only authority wide
enough to handle them is the nation
A NEW AUTO POWER.
A Pennsylvania man has discov
ered, it is reported, a new power for
operating internal combustion en
gines, such as are used by motor
cars, which can be produced at about
a cent and a half the gallon. If that
be true, it means power, said to be
equal to or better than gasolene, at
one-tenth the cost of what is now the
standard fuel for engines of this
The new fuel, it is explained, is
composed chiefly of water, with a
small mixture of naphtha, and two
cheap ingredients the identity of
which is not announced, because they
constitute the secret of the process.
In brief, it is explained that the in
ventor has found a way to disinte
grate water without heat; to make
it into gas, in short, that will ex
plode, without the expense of vapor
izing it with heat. It is stated that
motor car tests of the new fuel have
proved it superior to gasolene.
It is almost impossible to calcu
late the revolution in power produc
tion that would be caused by the de
velopment of such a fuel. It would
concern not merely the motor car,
but every other sort of power. Trac
tion plows, for instance, have been
devised which in the great fields of
Canada and our own Northwest have
plowed cheaper than horse power
could do it. These have not been
practicable where fields are of small
area; but they probably would be, if
so cheap a power can be provided for
them. Every power-using process of
the farm, of industry, of transpor
tation, would immediately be sub
jected to experimentation with the
purpose of determining if the new
fuel could be utilized for it. There
would be a prompt inquiry whether
it was longer worth while even to
attempt development of great water
powers and transformation of their
energy into electric current. Rail
road locomotives and big stationary
power plants that provide light and
transportation for cities would be re
organized, if it should prove prac
ticable, with the new fluid as their
basic energy. All manner of power
making plants would have to be re
built in order to avail of the new
Possibilities of the new invention
in short, reach out to a realm so in
clusive that a very "Arabian Nights"
tale of industrial revolution is sug
gested. What would not the German
government pay just at this time for
this secret, which would provide it s
substitute for the gasolene that is
not to be had in sufficient quantities!
It would seem a product of imag
ination, if the accounts of the new
power-fluid were not so circumstan
tial and plausible. The idea of dis
integrating water without heat is not
new. The possible results of such an
achievement have long been recog
nized by scientists and technical in
vestigators. Many have believed that
the time would come when invention
would solve the riddle. Now comes
the announcement that this long-desired
result has been secured.
THE FATE OF MEXICO.
Everything from Mexico points
the conclusion that a decisive battle
will soon be fought between the
forces of Carranza on one side and
Villa and Zapata on the other, which
will probably determine the newest
civil war in that country. That Villa
and Zapata will win is generally ex
pected. After that, there will be little seri
ous obstacle to Villa's entry into
Mexico City. What will happen there
will be likely to have a larger influ
ence even than the battle now im
pending. If the troops of Villa and Zapata
do not sack the city; if they can be
kept under restraint; if life and
property are found to be safe under
the insurgent commanders; then it
may fairly be expected that a new
regime, powerful enough to sustain
itself indefinitely, will have been in
stalled. The desertion of some thou
sands of troops from Carranza to
Villa has made quite apparent that
the Mexicans want Villa at the head
' of their affairs. The reports of wide
I spread disaffection among the Car
'ranzista troops that have not actu
ally deserted, strengthens this im
pression. Will Villa and Zapata save Mexico
City from a terror? Everything in the
military career of Villa leads to the
belief that he will not only try to
do that, but that he will prove him
self strong enough to succeed. No
body knows better than Villa that
Mexico City is the particular point
at which touch with the outside
world is most delicate. Occupation
of the capital in good order and
without excesses would do more than i
almost anything else to convince
doubters that the insurgent leaders
are trustworthy, and that their
armies are armies, not aggregations
Therefore the greatest importance
attaches to the developments of the
next few days, or weeks. If Villa
can dominate the situation now im
pending, he will be looked upon,
more than ever, as the one man
strong enough to restore something
like stability and a chance to re
organize the country.
Piano Recital's Proceeds
Go to War Sufferers
A piano recital for the benefit of the
Mission Club and for the purchase of
cotton goods for the war sufferers was
given by Mme. Marie von Unschuld at
the First Congregational Church last
night. Two numbers by Madelcine-Laz-ard
von Unschuld, the daughter of Mme.
von Unschuld, drew encores. After the
recital refreshments were served.
IN THE TIMES MAIL BAG
Communications to the Mall Bag must be written on one side of the paper
only; must not exceed 200 words In length, and must be signed with namo
and address of the sender. Tho publication of letters In The Times' Mall
Dag does not mean the indorsement by The Times of the opinions of the
writer. The Mall Bag Is an open forum, where the citizens of Washington
may argue moot questions.
Messengerboys Endanger Pedestrians.
To the Editor of tho Mall Bag:
TRii't thnio anv Drov sion by which tho
police can break up the habit of mes
senger boys riding their bicycles acroBS
tho pavement and into tho alley on E
street between Thirteer.tn anu x-oui-teenth
This morning, during tho rush hour
to office, I saw an elderly man miBsed
v... .u, i.,r o vr.nth nn a machine.
. jr,-. l,r-r ni- ulmllnr occur
rences. There is a particularly heavy
trarnc at mis puuu. u.. . ""tz
the day. and unless there is a stop
. . .i. ..nMnconsco it nrfHl not DO
prising if some serious injury or death
-vT.ir tho bovs -dismount and give pe
destrian a chance!
Saturday Now Legal Half Holiday.
To tho Editor of the Mall Bac:
The clerk who advocates oeeu-ninK
work a half hour earlier every morn
ing, in order to secure a half day's
freedom on Saturday, ignores the fact
that Saturday is a legal half-hol'.day
after 12 o'clock, the year round, as de
cided by the Attorney General, and
that in being allowed a few Saturdays'
release at 1 o'clock, by working through
luncheon time, clerks are getting, for
three months, an hour and a half less
of freedom on Saturday than they aro
legally entitled to the year round.
From a modern point of view, it
would bo economy to grant tho legal
half holiday. and give tho worKcrs a
chance to make a fresh alignment for
another week, and still enjoy a Sab
hath rest, just as it would be economy
to retire aged workers In any business.
The last awa'.ts legislation; the first
ic ..tr-nnriv nrnvilftl for loeallv. and
j-rbitrarily withheld by those in whose
hands rests the power wnicn is greater
than the law.
But It is bad policy to offer to pay
for something which is legally yours.
JOHN ZARIl SHAL.ER.
Pool Christmas Money oFr War
To Hip Hdltor of the Mall Uac
Christmas is near, and the tinio is
coming when every generous person
must dig down for money for gifts to
give to family and friends. It would bo
a splendid thing if every person who
either gives or takes Christmas gifts,
would lorego this time, and pool tho
Christmas money for tho aid of the war
Th benefit would not onlv be that
needed help would bo given to tho desti
tute of Europe, but the act of doing
some-thing for the other fel'ow, would
reflect on the person who made tho
sacrifice, and who possessed tho senti
ment. F.vt-ry good sentiment is of valuo
though it Is nothing moro than a senti
ment. In this case refraining from Christmas
Kiving and putting that money into
things for the sufferers abroad; will do
both tilings, givo actual comfort, in
blankets, and shawls, and warm up tho
hearts of the senders.
Cars Have No Fixed Stopping Places.
To the Alitor of the Mall J!uk:
Some radical changes in the rules or
near-rules for the stopping of sticet
cars nt certain street corners would
probuhly be appreciated by patrons of
the various lines in the District. Ono
sample of the ignorance or perhaps wil
ful starting happened last evening about
5:45 o'clock at Thirteen-and-a-half
street northwest. Being the victim, I
am fully cognizant of the facta in the
While waltiiiR for a Georgetown car
at thv point mentioned, two friends
with whom I had been waiting, who
got on a Fourteenth street car. irnd I
stood at the exact point where they
entered their car. When tho George
town car came alon the motorman
stopped his car a full length further
down the Avenue. Just as I got to the
roar the conductor slammed tho door
and rung the bell, giving me the laugh
as I stood there. So, to he sure to be
at tho proper stopping point when tho
next ono came along, I stood right
there, when along enme the tioxt one
and stopped still another length away
from the place I was standing, and I
was compelled to run once more to got
There is no "stop" plate in the street
at this point, and cars stop at almost
anv point within fifty feet of tho cross
street. This Is only one of the many
Edited by ARTHUR BAER.
Brer' Taft says he is up an apple
tree. Must bo shaking 'cm down for the
Secretary Bryan seeks a vacation
among the- Florida palms. Evidently
Difference between a prisoner and a
warden at Sing Sing Is that the prisoner
can llvo It down In after years.
After a man la married about a year,
he realizes that tho best man at his
wedding was his wife.
Way to stop the enemy's advance) ef
fectually is to rush a few revolved
doors to the front.
TJC OLDEST IN
got other things t'
think o beside th'
war since th
c o m m utution
One good way to freezo the custard
f. r the Thanksgiving dinner is to take
it for a ride on a street car.
The Department of Agriculture says
that pink oysters are perfectly healthy
If you don't see elephants at the same
Folks who play 'possum should he
careful that they don't get served with
sweet potatoes on the side.
John D. finds the subterranean mine
as deadly as the submarine variety.
Experts find the pink oyster is caused
by a wild yeast bacillus. Another argu
ment for a larger navy.
inconveniences with which patrons of
this line have to contend.
More Public Conveniences Needed.
To the Editor of the Mall Bag:
The writer has nothing but praise for
those who write about "real things"
and evils that call for remedies, and he
takes his hat off to a recent contributor
i who called the attention of the public
to tne urgent need or more public con
veniences, and he should have added the
enforcement of tho law roniilHnir milt.
, lie utilities to provide such necessities
at all railway terminals. After a per
8on leaveH the center of the city on the
cars going west there are no conveni
ences whatever until a person arrives
at the end of the Capital Traction car
line in Georgetown; and what Is found
there? Several years ago tho Traction
Company provided very creditable toilet
rooms for the employes, which were
open to the public. Since traffic has
more than doubled and more room
needed for traffic purposes, this con
venience was abolished, regardless of
the health and accommodation of sev
eral thousands of patrons of the road
who enter cars dally at that point. The
Old Dominion also has a terminal sta
tion there that is a disgrace to the
Capital City. They provide a toilet
room Just largo enough to accommodate
one person at a time, the most filthy
in the city, which statement can be
verified by the police who are stationed
at the bridge. Tho attention of the
health Inspector and the police have
been called to this gross disregard for
the health, convenience, and accommo
dation of the public but they claim they
can do nothing. Now the query is. Who
can do something? Tho writer feels
that publicity through the columns of
The Times will bring results. Many
peoplo do not desire to visit or intrude,
not being patrons, on the bar rooms
near by for those conveniences a pub
lic utility should provide; and now this
Bame railroad is attempting to oust
G. PAINE PHIL.L.IPS.
Describes Suffering At Home.
To the Editor of the Mall Bac:
Will you kindly publish the follow
ing in the Mail Bag? I am a widow
with one child, and must say that my
indignation has been aroused at tho
Idea of tho rich people giving fairs
benefits, etc.. for the purpose of rais
ing a fund to send to the widows and
orphans of the European war. Thou
sands of dollars havo been collected
for this purpose. I know that war is
a horrible thing.
But we also have many widows and
orphans right in our own country. 1
myself, have no support but my hands
and poor health as well as having to
care for my child have hindered mo
i from obtaining employment. I have
asked the Christian people to help me
obtain work, and they have not oven
answered my letters. Nevertheless.
J thoy are sending money by the thou-
I ennds of dollars to foreigners, and leavo
I the widows and orphans of Americn
I In want. Such charity! Thoir reason
for sending the money to Europe is
simply because they want to link their
names with the Red Cross Society and
have thorn printed in the papers.
I lay In the hospital, last spring, at
the point of death, and had to pay
mv expenses out of the few dollars I
had all I had in the world. I havo
begged for work and cannot got it. and
I do not know where my rent money is
If the rich people arranged a Christ
mas ship for the widows and orphans
of America they would have plenty of
work to do.
A PITP'',"l:'U AT home.
He Preserves Eggs In Salt.
To the Editor of tho Mall BaR-
I saw an article in The Times regard
ing eggs at $1 a dozen. I have kept eggs
for months in Bait, Salt should bo put
Into ti stone Jar, the eggs set close to
gethcr. but not touching, and then tho
space should bo filled with salt. I have
all my winter eggs up now and am sell
ing fresh laid ones. Epgs are kept by
the salt method so we'l that they can
not be told from fresh ones?
Glaciers of India Shown
To National Geographers
Glaciers of India were vividly por
trayed to tho National Geographic So
clty last night by Dr. W. Hunter Work
man and Mrs. F. Bullock Workman, ex
plorers of International reputation, who
havo spent years in the Himalaya moun
tains. Pictures were shown of tho
Great Rose glacier, Karakoruni, one of
the most famous glaciers of Asia, u hich
Mr. and Mrs. Workman explored and
photographed at great risk.
AL.ARGE and prominent clement
of Washington society will jour
ney to Fort Mycr this afternoon
for the drill and tea-dance to
be given for the benefit of the Army
Belief Society. The Assistant Secretary
of War and Mrs. Breckenridge will rep
resent the Secretary of War and Mrs.
Garrison, who are out of tho city. The
benefit has been arranged by Mrs. Al
bert L. Mills, wife of General Mills, with
the assistance of the women of the
Army Relief Society. At the tea which
will follow tho drill the women of Fort
Myer will serve, assisted by a number
of prominent army women and a bevy
of pretty girls. Candy, cake, and
flowers will be sold.
Mrs. George E. Davis and Mrs. J. B.
Aleshlre, who have charge of tho trans
portation, have arranged for extra" car
Gen. and Mrs. George Barnett, who
have recently returned from a shoot
ing trip, will entertain Mrs. Barnett's
sister, Mrs. Henry C. Mustin. at tho
commandant's house, Marine Barracks,
Miss Dorothea Owen, daughter of
Senator and Mrs. Robert L. Owen, en
tertained at dinner last evening in
honor of her house guest. Miss Flor
ence Mack, of New York.
Senator and Mrs. Owen have Issued
Invitations for a tea dance on Decem
ber 9, at Rauscher's, when they "will
introduce their daughter.
Mrs. Sarah Montague and Miss Mary
Wortley Montague go to New York to
day. Miss Montague will be married
In El Paso. Tex., on December 1 to
Karl Minnegerode, of .Elephant Butte,
N. Mex., formerly of this city.
Miss Mary Wheeler Vest, daughter of
Mrs. Agatha McShane, of Baltimore,
will come to Washington tomorrow for
The Rev. J. W. Frlzzell and Mrs. Friz
zell announce tho engagement of their
daughter, Edna, to William Leslie
Coombs, of San Francisco. The wed
ding will take place in this city Jan
Jr. and Mrs. Ernest Schroeder have
taken possession of their town house,
2029 P street. They spent the summer
and fall months at their home near
Mrs. William Burr Harrison enter
tained Informally at luncheon yescer
day for Miss Mary Wortley Montague.
Mr. and Mrs. James Tompkins are
guests of Conway B. Hunt and the
Mlssest Hunt In N street
Robert Jefferds and Joseph Jeffords,
of Charleston, W. Va., will be the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. George Cooper
during tho Thanksgiving holidays.
The section of literature of the Twen
tieth Century Club will meet Monday
at 2 o'clock at the home of the leader,
Mrs. Henry Farquhar, 1601 Park road,
when Miss Lucy S. Patrick will read
a paper on Emerson. The section or
music will meet at the same hour to
morrow with Mrs. Howard L. Wilklns,
340S Mt. Pleasant street. On Tuesday
at 11 a. m. the section of civics-education
will meet with Mrs. Marlus Camp
bell at the Mendota. Members are re
quested to take with them scissors and
thimbles and knitting needles. Tuesday
afternoon at 2:15 the section of arch
aeology will have its second meeting of
the month at the home of Mrs. John
Lowe, 2C22 Woodley place.
Mrs. James A. White, of Murphys
boro. 111., is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Wil
liam M. Geddes at their home on Co-,
! . tt iinmnro iinri Miss Mar
guerite Caperton won the prizes at the I
dance contest iaai uigui. . .-...
de Danse. Mr. Gllmore was host at a
narty eiven in honor of Mls3 Caperton,
daughter of Admiral Caperton. and the
house guest of Miss Valerie Padelford.
"""" T v,c nnient -worn MfB3
Emily Beatty. Miss Marlon Trumbull.,
Miss Margaret isiilluii. .i. .v,.w.,
Talcott. Miss Mary Montague. Mrs.
Alexander Britton. Captain Cast llo,
Lieutenant Menariy. .uaruua juimu,
Senor Racedo. Henry Dixon. Lieuten
ant Langworthy. and Lawrence Janney.
a i..m ami pnthuslftstic an d I en co
gathered for Mme. Schumann-Heink'3 .
recital yesterday. Mrs. Wllmer occu
pied a box. with Miss wilmer-and Miss I
Gladys ir.ncKiey; jus. h"u .
Walsh had with her Mrs. Mahlon Pit
ney. Mrs. Charles E. Hughes. Miss
Mott and Colonel Mott: Miss Mary Pat
ten and Miss Mary Sheridan were in
another box; and Mr. and Mrs. Wilson
Orecno entertained in honor of tho new
District Attorney and Mrs. Laskey.
Among those in the audience were
Mrs. Franklin K. Lane. Mrs. David
Franklin Rouston. Mrs. William F.
Draper and Miss Draper. Mrs. James
B. AUshlre. the Misses Aleshlre. Mrs.
W. W. Wotherspoon, Mrs. Chauncey
Hackett, Mrs. George Bliss, Miss Laura
Mohun. Mr. and Mrs. John S. Blair,
Mrs. William Reyburn, Mr. and Mrs.
Max Kauffman, Miss Lucy Bradley,
Miss Gatewood, Miss Huff, Miss Power,
Rozier Dulany, and Captain Bassett.
Miss Marguerite Barbour will leave
on Friday next for Philadelphia to at-
leni the Army-navy football game and
o be tho guest of Miss Bessie Samuels
'nd Miss Dorot'iy Huey.
Later Miss Samuels and Miss Isabclle
Mersman, of St. Louis, will be Miss
Barbour's house guests.
Mrs. Robert Traver and Miss Frances
rraver, who have been at the Shore
Inra for some t'me. will take posses
ion of their Connecticut avenue home
Colonel and Mrs. Klrkman, formerly
of this city, who for the last few years
have been residing in Chicago, will
spend the winter in Washington. They
are at tho Buckingham Hotel.
Courtney Weems. of Winchester. Va.;
Spencer Aldrich of New York; Huch A.
Garland, of Wilmington. Del., and Dr.
W. B. Murray and James B. Norrls. of
this city, will be the ushers at the wed
ding of Dr Howard Hume and Miss
nr.ri.s Hayvood on tho evening of De
cember 2. Robert Hume will act as best
man for his brother.
John R. Williams expects to re
turn from New York today and Join
What's on the Program in
Luncheon. Common Counsel Club nt Lock
Tavern Cluh. 1:30 P. m.
Bazaar. Daughters of the Confederacy. Now
Wlllard. 10 a. m to 6 p. in.
Lecture. Art and Archaeology Leaguo. at
Mount Vernon Seminary. 2 p. m.
Drill and dansant. Army Relief Society. Fort
Myer. 2:30 p. i.
Odd Fellows-Canton Washington. No. 1.
Socialist Party-Social luncheon.
National-Zlcgfeld Follies. 2:1S and S:f5 p. m.
Colombia "So Much for So Much." 2:15 and
Beiusco-"Pes o' My Heart." 2:20 and S:20
B F. kelth'tt Vaudeville. 2:15 and S:15 p. in.
Poll's "Madame X." 2:15 and R:15 p. m.
Gayetv Burlesque. 2:15 and 8:16 p. m.
Moore'n Strand Photoplay.
Colonel Williams at their R street
home. Miss Francise WlKiams will re
main in New York a few days longer,
reaching Washington early next week.
Miss Clare do Graffenrlcd entertained
at a reception this afternoon in honor
of Mrs. F. Bullock Wortman and Dr.
W. Hunter Wortman, both of whom
lectured last night before tho Geo
graphical Society on the glac.ers of In
dia, many of which they have explored
Mrs. Benjamin Goldsmith and Miss
Helen Goldsmith, -who have been visit
ing in Washington for some time, will
go to Philadelphia to attend the Army
Navy football game. Mrs. Goldsmith
and M ss Goldsmith will pass December
at Palm Beach.
Miss Helen Hammersley, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Langdon Hammersley,
was married to Ensign Charles Nelson
Ingraham, TJ. S. N., this afternoon at
the home of tho bride, at Round Hill,
Va. Ensign Ingraham Is from Ohio.
Miss Madge Stokes will return Sun
day from a visit in Virginia.
An Informal hop took place last night
ai me vvasnington Barracks.
Colonel and Mrs. Kuhn will go to
Philadelphia to attend the Army-Navy
football game. They will then go to
West Point to visit their son, -who 13
In the academy. Later they o to New
York, whero Miss Kuhn will remain
with the colonel until ho sails, about
December l. for Europe.
Mrs. Simon Wolf, Mrs. A. Ldsner, Mrs.
A. T. Britton, Mrs. Carl Casey, Mrs.
Carl Droop. Mrs. Georsro Johnson. Mrs.
A. B. Lacey, Mrs. R. Sylvester, Mrs. T.
Li. Ames, mra. J. e. JBaines, Mrs. C. H.
Bates, Mrs. I. Berman, Mrs. Sherley W.
Bowles, Mrs. J. L. Cassln, Mrs. Frances
Dickens, Mrs. Giles Hellprin, Mrs. Her
man Howensteln, Mrs. J. K. Jones. Jr.,
Miss Kate Macartney, Mrs. Albert M.
Reid, Mrs. S. H. Smith, Mrs. C. J. Wil
liamson, Mrs. W. M. Weaver, Mrs.
Easby Smith, will be hostesses at the
annual donation tea and sale at the
.Foundling Home, 1715 Fifteenth street
northwest, on the afternoon of Novem
ber 24, from 3 until 6 o'clock. There
will be home-made cakes; flowers,
candy, and fancy articles on sale. The
home will he open to the guests.
Mrs. Frank Noyes and Miss Frances
Noyes are spending the week-end at
Atlantic City, while Miaa Ethel Noyes
has Joined her father at their Wash
ington home, rollowlng a visit in New
A concert for the benefit of the Bel
gian sufferers will be held at the
Church of Our Father. Thirteenth and
I streets, on the evening of November
27. An Interesting program has been
arranged by Miss Lillian Chenoweth,
and Mlsa Dorothy Baxter, contralto
soloist and organist, respectively, of
the church. During the intermission the
young women of the church will have
home-made candles for sale.
Miss Katherine Whittlesey, who has
been stopping at the Grafton, will leave
tomorrow for a visit to New York.
Mrs. Schuman-Whlttlesey, whose work
with paints and fine dress fabrics has
attracted considerable attention, will
paint a cotton chiffon gown for the cot
ton ball to be held early in December
Miss Constance BueL daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Clarence C. Buel and Vivian
Burnett, son of Mrs. Francis Hodgson
Burnett, formerly of this city were mar
ried this afternoon at the home of the
bride's parents, 130 East Sixty-seventh
street. New York city. Only relatives
witnessed the ceremony. A reception
MIss Violet RIdgeway, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. John J. RIdgeway, of Phila
delphia, and Theodore Jaeckel, American
consul, at Stavanger, Norway, will be
married today, at the bride's home in
The Day Nursery and Dispensary at
466 N street will be the beneficiary of
a bazaar to be held at the Raie'gh Ho
tel, on December 7 from 2 to 12 p. ra.
There will be dancing from 4 to 7 and
from 0 to 12. There will be a sale of
attractive and useful articles. Mrs.
James C. Towers will have charge of
the fancy work table, Mrs. J. C. Wel
llver is chairman of the table for fancy
towels, Mrs. John Snure will sell bags
and baskets, Mrs. G. L. Peckham will
have the apron table, and Mrs. Carter
and Mrs. H. H. Hazen will be at the tea
table. Mrs. J. C. Adkins will have a
fine selection of homemade cakes, Mrs.
Jnmes Tibbetts cf homemade preserves.
Jellies, etc., and Miss Mildred Wilson
will sell homemade candles. Mrs. E.
C. Rogers will have a parcel post ta
blt. and Mrs. William Kelsey an art
The patronesses are Mrs. William Jen
nings Bryan. Mrs. A. S. Burleson, Mrs.
Josephus Daniels, Mrs. William C. Red
field. Mrs. Duncan TJ. Fletcher, Mrs. A.
B. Cummins. Mrs. H. M. Towner. Mrs.
John A. Logan, Mrs. W. E. Andrews,
Mrs. H. H. Hazen Mrs. Charles Ray
Dean, and Mrs. W. P. French.
The District Auxiliary of the Navv
Relief Society will give a ball at the
navy yard on the evening of December
29, in lieu of the tea dances which they
held last season. Mrs. Edward W,.
Foerle is president of the District
branch; Mrs. Seaten Schroeder, Mrs.
Richard Wainwright, and Mrs. George
Barnett are vice presidents; Mrs. Mc
Dougall is treasurer, and the secretary
is Mrs. Chester Wells. The executive
committee Includes Mrs. Leutze. Mrs.
Dorn, and Mrs. F. S. Fletcher. Mrs.
Beatty heads the flnanco committee,
and the relief committee includes Mrs.
Nicholson and Mrs. Pyne.
State Rights Emphasized
By Rail Commissioners
With tho exception of a few of their
number Interested in cases pending be
fore tho Interstate Commerco Commis
sion, none of tho delegates who attended
the convention of the National Associa
tion of Railway Commissioners remain
in Washington today. The convention
adjourned last night after two resolu
tions, as against Federal control, had
bCS"ede0sPoludtion urged legislation that
woula prevent the Interstate Commerce
Commission from ateoU-inff a railroad
from enforcing a state-made rate, until
such rate shall be held unlawful in
cwrt The other approved the Reyburn
WU giving the Interstate Commerce
Commission Jurisdiction over railroad se
curities, but added the proviso that fed
eral control and regulation "shall not be
fn lieu of. but In addition to the au
thority of the several States in such
matters." Next year's convention will be
held at San Francisco in October.
Hickory Selected by
Ax Handle Specifications
s a result of now specifications for
ne sledge, adz. pick and other hickory
han'dics, making available material
nreviously deemed unfit, for use. the
Unama canal authorities havo recently
tnirchased largo quantities of hickory
tor this purpose at a saving of 25 per
cent in cost.
The new rules aro tho result of long
study of the subject, covering ex
haustive strength tests, and provide
that handles be selected according to
we'ght and density of the wood.
Yljo War Department and the Navy
Department have adopted the new
specifications and it is believed that a
material saving will be effected.
Al Woods and Adolph Kiauber
Hasten Back to Gotham in
Deep Aura of Gloom.
By GARDNER MACE.
Speeding toward New York as fast as
the Congressional Limited will carry
him, hunched in a corner of his com
partment and surrounded by an aura .'
of gloom that belles his rotund person
ana uhlnlncr Trih .n....... ....
?XIC. A1 J1- Woa. the veteran
theatrical producer. Beside him, his
classic German name perked jauntily
over one ear because that's the only
thing German about him. and he likes
the sound of it. Is Adolph Kiauber. the
eminent critic of the theater. Both men
n?J.e.had shock, and both have been
afflicted with that species of the foot-and-roouth
disease which urges them to
hot foot it away from here and tell their
uuuuica m anomer quarter.
Find Remarkable Play Here.
Woods and Kiauber came io Wash
ington to see Wlllard Mack's produc- -
tion of "So Much for So Much" Thurs
day. They visited the theater, getting
In after the curtain had arisen. Their N
attention was Immed-ately centered on
the stage. Woods forgot he had ever
seen a play before, and as the smooth
action of the first act developed th
P.L, . PIece- he actually flushed
guiltily as though he had been detected
trying to pry into a neighbor's private
affairs, so real was the work of the
actors and actresses In the piece. Klan
ber adjusted his critical stare as he
stepped into the box, but dropped It in
the dark and crouched back farther
and further as the players spoke their
lines, until he looked almost human at '
the end of the act.
As the curtain came down both men
rushed to tho lobby and walked fever
ishly up and down waltlnE' for the bell t
to signal the beginning of the second
act. They didn't attempt to disguise
-aelr enjoyment of the second act and
tho third,-and on the final curtain they
both rushed around to the stage to
congratulate the dramatist and the
Second Right Surprise.
Yesterday' they could ta.k of nothing
else but the play. They were amazed at
its technical perfection, the smoothness
of Its lines, the quaint, humorous dia
logue, which takes away the sting of
the tragedy and the simple human ap
peal of. the whole story. They agreed
with the Washington critics and the
people who have seen it thatlt Is prob
ably the best dramatic production that
haa been brought out in the Eastern
section of the country for many years.
And they .remained in the city to see
it again last night. Thev walked Into
their box this time before the curtain
rose and they looked about the house.
Here and there they saw somebody sit
ting In the auditorium. They had ex
pected to find the house crowded be
cause there has never been a play In
this city that has received such gener
ous praise from both the public and the
newspapers and there never has been a
Play that deserved it more. But for
some reason there did not seem to be
enough people In the house to justify
For a. bad nlav th m?rtfanr ttw.1?
have formed a very good crowd. But
for a play such as "So Much For So
Much," presented as It is by a company
Of flctom whn rfo nn jvarm fr, K& a .(...
at all, but are going about ordinary
u'ij wur& ana pmy ana pain in tne
Wn.v almost- evprvrvrw fn th anrtfen..
has gone about their work and play and.
pain every day in their lives for such a
". tuiu actors me auaienco seemed to.
reucw. very pooriy xno critical taste or
Poor Attendance Mystery.
At least that Is what Mr. Woods and
Mr. Kiauber thought as they sat there
amazed, and that is what I was forced
to think as I came In behind them.
They both asked the reason why. There
was no answer. The situation Just Is.
The author and the play and the com
pany are so far above the usual stand
ard of ever the best of such things that
no comparisons can be made to fit the
case. And yet the total number of per
sons who have witnessed tho produc
tion sc far this week is so far below
the average attendance at one of the
forms of entertainment,
that comparisons are distinctly odious
here, too. Of course, the aggregate may
be brought up by the attendance at the
matinee and evening performances to
daythe last opportunity the public will
have. But It is doubtful.
And so Mr. Woods anc Mr. Kiauber
are taklne their doleful countenances
back to New York In search of the an
swer. Something Is the matter with tho
theatrical business when the finest of
productions cannot draw crowds In
Washington, because Washington Is one
of the best show towns in the country.
Hope Australian Wool
Embargo Will Be Lifted
State Department officials are still
hopeful of obtaining a modification of
the embargo on wool exportation from
Australia, although the Brit'sh govern
ment refuses to let down the bars at
present. Irfist year the united States
imported nearlv J60.000.000 In unmanufac
tured woolens, most of which came from
the United Kingdom. There have been
large annual purchases of Australian
wool of the coarser grades for use In
Great Britain's unwillingness to per
mit wool exports is said to be due to
the necessity of providing cIothlnc for
Biggest Christmas Mail
LAUtVlbU UJ WUHVwi. j,l
Anticipating the "largest bulK of
Christmas mail in the history of the
.Postoffice Department." Postmaster
General Burleson has sent instruction
to all postmaster to make plans for
A supply of placards has been sent
broadcast to postoffices for display in
main offices and station advising the
public to mall parcels early, wrap them
securely and address them plainly. Par- f
eels mailed early may be marked Not
o be opened until Christmas.'
Railway Relief Body
The first of a series of socials was
given last night by the Washington
Railway Relief Association at Its club
rooms, 200 members and friends being
present. Both tho Washington Railway
and Electric Company and the Potomac
electric Power Company were well rep
resented. A vaudeville performance,
during which J. T. Moffet gave several
enjoyable impersonations, was followed
by a buffet luncheon.
Cuts Rediscount Rate.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Boston f
will in future charge a rediscount rate
of only 5Vi per cent for maturities of
th'rty days or less. This is the first
reduction made In rediscount rates since
the opening of all the banks on Mon
day, and t is taken to mean that
money is easier iu ixcw .ciusiauu.
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