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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SATURDAY; FEBRUARY 13, 1915.
LEADERS IN THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE FIELD DETROIT ELECTRIC Flo READY FIELD! AND SOLD CHEAPER ELECTRICS IMPROVED Manufacturers of Cars Attain Partial Standardization and , More Co-operation. , ,, ' i i Electric vchlil manufacturer, have been working toward and have to a fcrcat extent attained partial standard isation of electric motor cars, follow ing to some dcarce in the footsteps of the pullders of gasolene cars. rrhra hna twrnn marked Drocrcss made by electric builders, and 1915 points tmmirri si-enter nroductlon by Bome -'0 r rnt. morn ro-ooeratlon between maker, aeaicr, ana user, iuwci- ii " and a general betterment of the cars themselves, with nothing radical In con struction. In th main, the 1915 electric passen ger cars are quieter, duo to the greater use of worm drive, they are roomier be cause of the tendency to larger bodies, they are cheaper on the average be cause of the Introduction of new low priced vehicles, and they are finer W appearance because of the general ten dency to streamlining the bodies, tho Influencing factor coming from the gas olene car. . , . . While the progress In design has not been by any means radical the builders of electric cars have endeavored to ao mom fnr ! Henlpr nnd the owner by a system of co-operation attained by or ganization. The Electric Automobile Manufacturers' Association, while It has been In existence for many years, never has been so active as It is at present. In securing among makers and dealers better co-operation and In preaching better selling methods. This associa tion has done much good work In the Held in helping tne aeaicrs oecome more familiar with ideal selling meth ods, thereby ultimately gaining what all Beek, a minimum of loss through sales and service. While this organization has been very, active the local electric vehicle associa tions have shown their extreme willing ness to bring the electric vehicle Indus try to a still higher standard and most of these associations have kept the car owner in mind as much as they have their own Interests, since the car own er's welfare means much to the dealer, garageman, and all connected with the industry. The makers In the field during 1914 have turned out approximately 5,000 cars, and If present plans are adhered to the coming year will see an Increase of 1,000 vehicles over the 1914 flguro. With this number on the list the aver age per company will bo about 300 cars. The list of manufacturers of electric vehicle makers, while It changes from year to year, shows a total in the neigh borhood of twenty, each season seeing the coming In of new concerns and tho passing of older ones. The past five years has witnessed production by thirty-five makers, yet each year there there was a falling off of old and a proportionate addition by new makers, until now about twenty remain. Aside from the progress -in the busi ness side of the industry, advancement has been made in engineering lines and the greater use of the worm, drive prob ably comes In first place. There has been an Increase of over BO per cent in the number of cars using this type of drive. For the first time spiral-bevel gears have- come into use on electric ears. Both worm and the spiral-bevel have been adopted because of their quiet operation as compared with the straight bevel and quietness In Inclosed electric cars is an asset The use of worm drive also has resulted In Umtna ttne near reductions between motor and rear axle. The use of spiral bevel gears probablv has been caused by the use of ,hl ivtin In ennolene nasseneer cars'. Second In Importance to the method of drive comes springing and for the first time electric vehicle maKers nave con nfdered the cantilever seriously, a sum mary showing that four makers are us ing this type. These are the Baker and Buffalo, which use cantilevers in tho rear only, and the newcomers. Mllburn and Columblnn. which use cantilevers both front and rear. Semlelllptlc front nnd three-quarter elliptic rear Is the usual construction, although practically vcry type, such as elliptic and plat form rear, are 'to be seen. One rather unusual method of springing has been Incorporated in the Woods cars. In this the springs rest not upon the axles, but upon radius rods and Instead of fasten ing the springs outside the frame they nr attached lnulde the channel. Electric motor devejament for these vehicles has tended toward greater ca pacity to care for overloading ivd the use of square-section wire on the arma ture and ribbon for the fields is in greater use than ever before. This con struction allows of mort copper being used and hence a more powerful motor, without Increasing tho overall dimen sions. These changes have helped to make the electric more efficient in hlU climbing. W slMt'L'iiiiuiLl &3&f Km'C-' '''MSSaiKwftB T ssiisaflvllHl1Mkk ---iiV ''''fW """-'; TZx WKBzt iPNSr i? - Ai " 1 XsW JFf" - 'vS il-V yf ifcllillHF . LATKT ELECTRIC WftwWMBai&& m?S mSMk AT nin nruin minimi m?mmigmmwmmrz 7 - inn ntinu dnunn 1 MfiP!: " ' All-: In f HMKNRS Mttku Jr ft B3Hfv fstfvvir'Mi'-fl ---fEHUBHr "y A v &&8saBSPf,,?:. ir vvKlhv?t HffSvl Emerson & Orme, Local Agents For Car, Rank Among Fore most Dealers. MKJ1HM ELECTRIC VEHICLE BODY HERE GROWING Seotion Organized Less Than Year Ago, But Already Has Grown Much. Washington Firm Receives Con signment of Motors With Many improvements. By HARRY WARD. One of the newest business organisa tions here is the Washington section of the Electric Vehicle Association" of America. It was organized March 12, 1914, in the offices of the Fotomac Elec tric Power Company, and since then has grown materially in membership and in effectiveness. The Washington Bectlon is a branch of the parent organization which has Its headquarters in New York, with sec tions in various cities throughout the country. The object of the association is to advance the interest of users of electric vehicles as well as those who sell the machines and the various things that go With electric automobiles. The officers are E. S. Marlow, chair man; R. Bruce Emerson, vice chair man; c. M. Marsn, secretary-treasurer. Executive committee-John J. Bartram. , chairman committee on papers and pro gram; Joseph m. stodaara, cnairman reception committee; Barry Mulligan, chairman committee on statistics; John A. Sterrett, chairman committee on membership: James W. Orme, chairman committee on publicity; K. T. Kalas, chairman committee on traffic. The Washington section meets month ly and these meetings are marked by the reading of interesting 'papers pre tralnlng to the use of electric vehicles. Social sessions are held from time to time and the members are brought into close personal touch through these soci al affairs.' Efforts are now being' made to bing the annual 'meeting of the par ent organization to wis city. The meet ing will be held In tho fall and Wash ington stands an excellent chance of lanatng tne convention. Remove Tires and Clean And Graphite the Rims In winter and in rainy seasons it Is a good plan to remove the tires and clean and graphite the rims or use a preparation containing this material. Mix oil and powdered graphite together, making a very thick paste. Next clean the rims, smoothing up any rough places that may exist, and apply the graphite freely. Rub off with a cloth, which will Impart a bright finish, leaving a sur face that will resist the action of water or moisture, and which will make chang ing tires an easy matter. An ounce of powdered graphite used between the shoe and tube will prevent the tube from sticking and eliminate frlctional blowouts. . Edison Expert Here On Government Work Dr. M. It Hutchinson, Thomas A. Edison's chief engineer and personal representative, has been making weekly trips to Washington, for the past eighteen months, as he Is directly in charge of all the Government storage battery business -of the Edison Storage Battery Company. Because, of the rapidly increasing stor- Weird "Remedy" Found In War for Cold Engine A weird "remedy" for a cold engine, which developed a kind of bronchitis cough every time It was started In cold weather. Is reported from the European battlefields. A chauffeur, whose engine was of that type, discovered that If he held the Bole of his heavy shoe against tho end of the exhaust pipe he not only warmed but exerted such an amount t. Btlla 0 ft 4 ae "ry uu.uic.. n nu . of- ..- presflUrr.. as to heat up the Washington, Dr. Hutchinson has taken I nEin. ln rpCOrd time. He calls his ac tion "Retting her excited" which ex oresston has traveled tho length and One of Washlngton'8ploneer automo bile concerns Is the Cook to Stoddard Company, which handles the Baker elec tric and Cadillac gasolene car. For 1915 the company Is showing the full Baker line, which consists of four chassis with the leader, a four-passenger coupe, wlilph htm ilthor whfwl or Ip.ver starr ing. The main feature of this coupe, it is stated, 1b that It Is of lighter con Htructlon as compared with many elec trics of the coupe form. This lightness of weight Is said to have been brought about by a simpler chasslB construction, though strength has not been sacrificed. Cantilever rear springs and seml-elllp-tlc fronts support the presscd-steel fiamo, which has a klck-up at the rear lo give clearance over the rear axle. Thoro are two sets of Internal expand ing brakes on the rear wheels, operated independently by two pedals. An auto matic circuit breaker cuts off the cur rent when tho emergency brake la ap plied. Optional tiro equipment makes pos sible the use of either cushion tirs of 31 by 4 or special electric pneumatloa, 32 by 4. The seating arrangement Is unique In that tho frunt scats are constructed to fold back Into recesses in the front of the body, making the car a commodious two-passenger type at will. Tho new Baker has a graceful exte rior due to the lowering of the body and the long wheelbasc. The curves are full and sweeping. Body panels are of aluminum and sashless windows are used throughout. The door windows are operated by mechanical means with lcer control. Featuring the Detroit electric the firm of Emerson & Ormo Is meeting with much success In the sale of cars. The firm was organized some years ago, and is numbered among tho most successful In the electric field. The .1915 Detroit electric offering Is six-body types, four of which are broughams and one a cabriolet mount ed on a chassis of 100 Inches wheel base, and the sixth, a small brougham, is fitted to a chassis with M-lnch wheclbase. All of the models on the longer wheelbase have worm drive with the worm underneath tho wheel, and their batteries are slightly larger than that of the shorter model which Is fitted with a helical bevel gear rear axle. Battery capacity has been enlarged by increasing the plates from thirteen to fifteen. The number tf cells has not been altered. The 100-Inch wheelbase cars have forty-two cells and the 94 inch car forty cells. A feature of importance Is the metal compartment ahead of the motor and accessible to a trap door In the floor, In which Is mounted the controller mechanism brake, Klaxet horn, ammeter shunt and throw-over switch. The horn replaces a bell signal, and the throw- over switch Is used to change the light Ing connections from one half of the bat tery to the other. For additional protec tion the controller has an extra cover of its own which can be removed by loosening two clips. To remove the con troller from the car it is only necessary to disconnect the cables and loosen three screws. Steering continues to be by a hori zontal lever mounted parallel with the control lever, the latter being operated by the left hand. Three separate sets of brakes are provided, operating inde pendently. The two sots of foot brakes, on the rear hubs, are of the internal ex panding type, 16xU4 inches. Between tho two foot brake pedals Is a third pedal. Pressure on this applies both rear hub brakes, locks them and automatically cuts off the power. The hand brake operates on the motor and Is applied by nacKwara movement oi tne controller Buys a Cadillac. Tho Cook is Stoddard Co. reports the sale of an eight-cylinder, seven pas senger Cadillac touring car to A. M. Flshel. i over the District of Columbia business of the Edison Storage Battery Com pany, has placed the service station ln charge of one of their most competent Inspectors, A. S. Major, and has ap pointed E. W. Mollohan local manager. The wonderful strides made by the Edison storage battery Is a source of much gratification to Mr. Edison, and is Justifying his belief that the American public Is perfectly willing to pay a higher Initial cost for a battery that will give constant, satisfactory service, at an exceedingly low upkeep cost, and which Is guaranteed to show full rated capacity at all times during and at the end of four years og constant service. Harry DeGroat Here. Harry DeGroat, manager of the Stude- baker branch ln Philadelphia, was In Washington yesterday visiting Col. V. I u. uong, or tne commercial Automobile and Supply Company. Doering a Visitor. H. H, Doering, manager of the R&uch 1 & Lang branch in Philadelphia was in .Washington this week visiting J. J. Bartram, the Rauch & Lang agent here. cHiltli oi tho British Hues and reached the ears of the "home folks." Kentucky Tests Operators. Under a new State law chauffeurs and automobile demonstrators In Kentucky are being examined as to their fitness to operate motor cars. Altoona Cyclists Hold Motorbob Contests A new sport has been inaugurated in Altoona, Pa. motorbot, contests. A number of riders who have converted their motorcycles Into motor sleds have bc-n staclDg some very exciting competitions. lever. The brakes cannot be released until the control lever Is returned to neutral. A Yale locking device Is also provided. In the duplex control models the Inter locking cutout feature also prevents starting the car from cither driving po sition unless the pedals are in position to operate from that scat. In these models there are two sets of steering and control levers and two sets of brakes. The operation of shifting nedals from one driving position to the other has been simplified. This Is accom plished by pushing forward the Mna.ll lever at the side of the front masthead, which releases the brake pedals fto that thev can be rnishcd with the foot flush to the tocboards. This automatically relocks the pedals which have been pushed down and raises the other set of pedtls to the operating position. The motor is series-wound, and Is said to have high torque and low Internal rslRtnnee. It is held on the under side of the supporting rails by large steel bolts, and may be readily lowered to the ground. " IRVIW ranira Xjoodf chains 'ON EACH REAR TIRE '. Better CHAINS ON EACH REAR ONE FRONT T RF V Vk' - - CHAINS ON ALL FOUR TIRES WEED CHAINS on the front ttres pick the easiest way in the hardest going and prevent the front wheel skid-' the most dreaded of all skids as it is the hardest to counteract by manipula tion of the steering wheel. JW or All tires 6y dealers everywhere Weed ChamTire unp CoJrifart,faJ Also manufacturers (f , Tire Chains and Lyon Grips especially constructed forSindle and Dual Solid I TruckTires-Motorcydeiire Chains && a "Exide" Battery Depot for Expert Battery Service The Electric Storage Battery Company Manufacturer of the Famous "Exide" Batteries "Exide" "Ironclad-Exide" "Hycap-Exide" "Thin-Exide" The Standard Batteries for Electric Passenger Cars and Delivery Trucks x In Order To Provide The Best Battery Service For Washington Auto Owners Has Opened a Completely Equipped "Exide" Battery Depot 1828 "L" Street N. W. The Electric Storage Battery Co. Baker Clecteics ls&., rss WJ-JiUltAjmC USWVM ms?z?w KAflt What are the advantages of the New Light Baker Electric Coupe? No Effort to Steer High Speed Long Mileage Security in Traffic Low Cost of Upkeep Strength Without Weight Meets 98 of All Demand Disappearing Front Seats Unusual Riding Comfort Light, Graceful Exterior Exquisite Interior Advanced Equipment A Style Vehicle The Cook & Stoddard Co. ,0 KM Tel Nirth 7810 113840 Ctnn. Ave. m For Shopping For Srhall Families For Business Men This Ohio Electric comfortable, luxurious, light carries five passengers when necessary A wonderfully distinctive car, with body and fenders ham mered by hand from aluminum. . Note the graceful undulations of the perfect stream-line body. Appeals especially to electric-car buyers whose require ments do not necessitate the use of a larger car; and' to business men who appreciate luxury, beauty, ease and cleanliness with out the expensive upkeep or unwieldiness of an enclosed gas car. Exclusive Ohio magnetic control and magnetic brake simple, efficient and proven by six years of constant service. Unquestionably the most popular 19 15 model of any type. OHIO SERVICE FOR OHIO OWNERS POTOMAC MOTOR CAR COMPANY ARTHUR FORAKER, Manager 1226 Connecticut Avenue - - - Washington, D. C. Telephone North 2000 OHIO Magnetic Conbol Tb Envied ELECTRIC