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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 22, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 2

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Czar's Forces Show Great
Tenacity, But Are Being
Driven Out of Galicia.
Slavs Concentrate Reserves in
- Effort to Recapture Impor
tant Railway Junction.
BERL.IN (via Amsterdam). Feb. 22.
1 he rrcaltat mountain battle or history I
. j 1 it.- I....IUong Tk
js now raping in io v,ii)ui' -Russians
are displaying the ureati'st
possible tenacity In their efforts to gain
tctory, but thus far all reports from
German and Austrian headquartors
agree the Czar's troops have been slow
ly but steadily forced out of Oallcla.
Tho Itusslans have concentrated'enor
mous masses of reserves In an attempt
to tecapture Kclomea, an Important
railway Junction. The result of the
battle there Is expected to have an Im
portant bearing on tho campaign In
Galicia, where the Austro-Oorman
troops have inude further advance by
capturing fctanlsluu.
The military situation bears a great
l escmblancc to the Napoleonic strug
gles. In which strategy of tho highest
order was mixed with the most futlous
lighting. A tendency Is now apparent
to shorten the front by mnklng thick
tlundi-eda of corpses He unburled
among the mountains. The melting of
the snow has Hooded many of tho rivers
and added to tho difficulties of the ele
cted battlefield.
Loss of Evelyn Causes
Rise of Insurance Rates
Against War With Kaiser
LONDON. Feb. 22.-Rates of insur
ance against war between the I'M-.-d
States Hnd Germany will be Increaa-a
as a result of the sinking; of the. Amer
ican steamer Kvelyn off tho Island of
Borkum. British observers declare to
day that the piompt action of the
American Government In ordering a
complete investigation of the Evelyn'a
loss shows that the United States "will
tolerate no trifling, but will hold Ger
many to strict account."
The Evening Standard makes this
comment on the Evelyn incident:
"The mlnlnu of the Evelyn will likely
lead in America to something orso
than indignation. The mining of the
Kvelyn is not sucn eviiionco oi recKiess
and malevolont piracy as torpedoing her
would have been, but it is even more
potent Indication of the dangers to
which American shipping is exposed by
the blockade. Neutrals must expect
to suffer not only sinking without no
tice, but search and perhaps conflsca-
Germany is compared to "a child In
temper" by tho Pall Mall Gazette,
which says:
"The Germans are kicking, biting ana
srrutchlne in all directions. By sea the
profits by piracy may have loomed,
but they are only minor profits up to
the piescnt. As far as known the cam
paign of destruction can at best havo
only a negative result, which we can
afford to view with a great deal of
equanimity. We can, if we deem It
wise, alvc the screw another turn or
two yet."
Austria May Raid Neutral
Shipping in the Adriatic
GENEVA, reb. 22 According to a
dispatch from Innsbruck, Austria will
follow Germany's lead In the 'breal
war." Though possessing few subma
rines. Austria n11I attack neutral uhip
ping in tho Adriatic, und, In facjt, is
only awaiting decisive i.rdcrs from Ber
lin before beginning operations.
It it nWo reported that the Kaiser
and Emperor l'ranz Josef, with nil tho
members of their respective (.tuffs, will
hold a conference shortly In a town
near the frontier.
Spanish Premier Prepares
Bill to Reorganize Army
PARIS. Feb. 22. A dispatch from
Madrid says that Premier rrnto has
issued a statement to tho effect that
the war minister is preparing, a bill for
the mductlon of the age limit for entry
into the army. In conjunction with
project for general Rrmy reorganiza
tion. Regarding the possibility of Spain en
tering tho war. Premier Dato said:
"Our relations with all the belligerents
are, and must remain, cordial. The
Spanish flag Is respected on all tho
3eas, and I sec 'no reason why this con
dition should not continue."
Meanest Burglar Robs
Man of Burial Clothes
DAl-LAS, Tex.. Feb. 22. Robbing an
aged colored man uf his burial suit is a
limn ui mo uwiiui .mi in i I
In.il's latest nlav for the
an" class rnrl Charlie
,dd i0h."for VllvlnVtv
Dallas crlml
"meanest man
T7eed ilne.R mid 4nha fre ia llvlni? Tiv
" .. . ---- .. --. .- r.. --.,
practicing the greatest economy hel
.... ..3.J .. ..,i..i & ..t ,. .,-,.
ssiM'dd a sufficient number of nlcklcs
and dimes to purchase a nice black
"You know Uncle Charlie is not
gwlne to bo hyur long, and he done
bought this suit so that he can hub
a proper burial." he told his friends.
Tho meanest burglar visited his home
and decamped with the funeral outfit.
Uncle Chnrllo is disconsolate.
Th.i forecust for the District of Co
lumbiaCloudy and warmer tunlght;
Tuesday probably showers.
Maryland and Virginia Cloudy and
warrnrc tonight: Tuesday probably
6howers; light, vnrluble winds.
The temperature toduy us registered
at the United Stutes Weather Bureau
and Affleck's:
.s n. m Sf I 8 a. m 46
'.) a. m 39 I 9u. m 47
io a. m 4 I 10 u. m 4$
il a. m 46 I U n. m 48
12 noon 4S 12 noon 49
1 p. m 4S 1 p. in 61
High tide 1-44 n. in. and 1:07 p. in.
Low tide 8:12 a. m. nnd 9.03 p. tn.
Our rise.
fed Bun aeta, J:4T
Russ Describe Narrow
I Of KiEscape in East Prussia
Petrograd War Office Shows Czar's Army Barely
Extricated Itself, and Admits Losses Were Ter
rificClaims Germans Are Checked.
PETROGRAD, Feb. 22. The first detailed story of the Russian
retreat from East Prussia was issued by the war office today, together
with an announcement that during the last two days the Russians have
captured about f.OOO German prisoners in Galicia.
The war office's communique shows that the tenth Russian army
had a narrow escape from destruction, but that it finally extricated
itself, though heavy losses were inflicted on both sides.
The recent German losses in Galicia were suffered in fighting
southwest of Tarnow, the Teutonic troops having attempted an offen
sive in the region of Zakliczyn, which was repulsed.
The statement of the war office fol
lows: "Tho Germans, having convinced
themselves after a series of excep
tionally tenacious and obstinate at
tacks, which cost them heavy losses,
qf the Impossibility of piercing our po
sitions on tho left bank of tho Vistula,
proceeded at the end . of January to
carry out a new plan.
"Having concluded the formation In
the Interior of tho country of several
new corps, thev decided to continue the
transportation of troops from the west
ern front in order to bring them Into
operation against us. The Germans,
making use of their highly organized
network of railroads, set great forces In
motion In cast Prussia with the Inten
tion of defeating our tenth army, which
occupied strong positions along the
Angerapp river, and the Mazurlan
"To Insure the success of this stroke
the Germans transported part of their
contingents from the Bzura-Rawka
front to the right bank of the Vistula.
Rubs Admit Heavy Losses.
"The German concentration In East
Prussia was disclosed February 4, but
the extent of the concentration could
only be established some days later.
Not being able, owing to the lack of
railway, to assemble with the nec
essary rapidity on the East Prussian
front forces Indispensable to meet this
development adequately, wo decided lo
withdraw the aboye mentioned army
from East Prussia to the frontier and
farther toward the Nlemen and Bobr
rlvery. In this movement the right
wing of the tenth army, pressed by
great forces of the enemy, was threat
ened with envelopment. The right
flank was forced Into a very rapid
turning movement In the direction cf
Kovno. This rapid movement exposed
the flank of a following corps, which
consequently found Itself In an ex
tremely difficult position. Only Iso
a nininanti urnfpr1d In escaping.
(This concession tendB to confirm the
official claims made In Berlin that the
Hussiunt. suffered terrific losses In
East Prussia. A nusslan corps num
bors from 40,000 tp 60.000 men.)
"The other corDS of the tenth army
foil back slowly In the direction as
.ii.ii.! them, flirhtlncr stubbornly. In-
cejsantly, and valiantly, repulsing
tho enemy's attacks and Inflicting up
on him heavy losses, while all the time
the;' had to overcomevlncredlble dlf-lU-ultleB
caused by the deep snow
which, blotted out all roads. As the
rouds were quite Impassable, motor
tiansports and vans could not move.
Supply trains were delayed, often not
reaching their destination at all.
"The corps forming the left wing of the
tenth army held off the enemy nine
days In the country which, under ordi
nnrv circumstances, can be traversed
ir rlnVH. On I
In four days. On February 18-zu tnese
corps, retiring by way of Augustowo,
Zapatistas In Mexico CityN Pre
vailed Upon to Free Balti
more Man.
been released
lihnnHm wuk renernl nianacer in Mex
Ico City for the Crown Cork and Seal
Company, of Baltimore. Consul John R.
S.lliman obtained Rhoades' release on
the appeal of his wife and family
Additional reports of the arrest of
IRS priests in Mex'co City by orders of
Gcneeral Carranza wrc received by the
State Department today. The Braslllan
minister reported that there wns a pa
rade of protest in Mexico City bv
larce numbers of the population. Tho
nnraders vNlted the Rr'zallan legation
' nnd the military headquarters of Gen
eral Obregon. and lett a strong appeal
m ..-- . , .u !..... ..
for the release of the clergymen.
('oxi Sllllman. now at Vera Cruz.
will make further representations to
, -.-,
i concerning the Imprisoned
- ",1 '"'"
rjenln! Is made that any foreinneis
ure under arrest n4 Pledrns Negras.
Tekjrrnms received from General Villa,
at Gundalnjara by Enrique C. Llorente,
his confidential agent here, say that
the engagement In which he personally
led his forces against the Carranrlstas
at Znpotlan, was tho heaviest cngaj;p
ment of the present revolution. Villa's
force of 13,000, these advices say, de
feated the Carranslsta army of 12,000,
killing 1,500, and taking 2.000 prisoners
and much artillery and - ammunition
Villa declared that this victory re
moved the last obstacle to the capture
of Manzanllln and Mazatlan. on the
west coast, and Insured tho VUlistas
mabtery In the north and west Mexico.
Reports received zy Mr. Llorento from
Aguas Cnllentu and San Luis Fotost
show that the troop movement Is well
organize foi an assault on TampUo,
which is Villa's next objective. Villas
Intention is to advance on Tamplco fram
Monterey and San LUls Potosl by rail
as soon as hit west coast campaign Is
concluded, at.d carry the fight direct
to Carranza at Vera Cruz.
Duval West. President Wilson's per
sonal representative, and George C.
Curothers. consular agent with Villa,
uere del.iyrd by tho Interruption of
traffic, but later reached Chihuahua.
udvlccs to the State Department de-
cAnMA.n... r.t aiat. Ppvnn WAN advised I
ti. n Hnrrv T Rhoades. of Bal- guest of honor the Association of Oldest not eucU tts to justify this expenditure.
imo e who wa" cJptured sevra "ays Inhabitants of the District of Columbia BlnBular .ultude.to take, all things
timore. wno was lupiuieu -c . . , .iAh-.,d Wnshlncton's B rthdav at Its wi,,1 -ri, Seeretiirv'n vlc.v uf the
n,i in- 7nnaimias at -Mexico uny. nuu . : -- .... - - - -- . .
ue," - --, - -
emerged from the fighting area and
occupied the position assigned them.
Many Battles In Progress.
"At tho presentvmomentflghtlng on
tho German front continues In tho vi
cinity of Ossowlec and the roads from
Lomza to Jedwabno, north of Radsllow
and half way between Plock and
Plonsk. In some places the engage
ments are of a very stubborn nature.
On the right bank of the Vistula, on
the roads to Plock, Austrian elements
have been discovered among tho Ger
man troops.
"During the last two days we have
captured about 1,000 Germans In Gali
cia. Tho enemy on February 19-20, aft
er a preparatory bombardment of great
Intensity, took the offensive to IhcJ
north of Zakl'cr.yn, but was repulsed
alter three attacks."
"The lighting between Mezolaborcz
and tho upper San river continues, con
sisting of alternate offensive and defen
sive actions. Fresh attacks by the Ger
mans upon the heights of Koziswa and
In the region of Neuroznnka havu all
been repelled.
"After a desperate struggle our troop
raptured the heights southeast of Pukla
pass und northwest of Henetchnuw.
"In south Galicia the enemy has occu
pied Stanlsluu."
t .
Russians Sacrificed
Infantry to Save Guns
In East Prussia Fight
Feb. 20 (via Flsrlln and The Hague, Feb.
22) The Ri.sslan rcverao In the Mazur
lan lake region Is hourly becoming more
pronounced. Already it ranks with Tan
nenberg. and bids fair to be the record
of tho war to dute.
Moie than TO.Ouo prisoners are In the
l.un-lu ., Ka nr-ntmna At leiiflt 10.000
additional are surrounded a few miles i
from Augustowod. where I was Tnurs-1
day. it la stated that there Is no hope
that they can cut their way tlirough.
Despite this sweeping victory, high
officials of the Germany army are out
spoken In their pralu of the nusslans.
both for their bravery and for the man
ner In which they saved most of their
artillerv und a portion of their army.
Thflr I'llnni-n mVp nrompt warnlnsr of
th nprmnn niovrments. hiicI :i retreat i
was ordered Immediately, To that was
due the saving of a large poitlon of
the artillery, as the Russian commander
In-ehlef deliberately sacrinceo his in
fantry to save his guns.
The Russian losses In dead and wound
ed have also been enormous. There Ins
been no time vet to btirv the dead, but
the wounded have been cnthercd up by
direction of Field Mnrslml von Onflow,
and are hclnp: cared for at field hospitals
alrndy established
Meanwhile tho Germnn forces that
have been enciged here are boln; trnns
ferred to other points along th. battle
line. Another Important movement, the
nature at which cannot yet be revealed.
Is developing. It will probably result
In a distinct German gain.
Commissioner Brownlow Tells
Members How Highly Body
Is Esteemed.
With Commissioner Urownlow ns the
Nineteenth and H streets northwest, to-
Commissioner Brownlow spoke of the
, w!."": l ' ""t" v
J - . AUa 4. ....l aK 1AA ! 4h
I1U.IIIC Ul Vlio ,....... . ..... w.....,.
and of the aid furnished by the 'Asso-
elation of Oldest Inhabitants in the
, .i. .u
many movemenw u. v..c tuiurc ....
of the District. He was glad, he said,
as the new member of the Board of
Commissioners, to add his testlmonal of
the work of the association.
Preceding Commissioner Brownlow's
address a business meeting was held
at which resolutions of regret at the
death of William HI. Singleton, one of
the vice presidents of the association
and president of tho Board of Trude.
were adopted.
A committee from Columbia Typo
graphical Union, No. 101. consisting of
Eugeno F. Smith. V. Benzler and George
Selbold, presented to the association a
framed copy of a resolution of thanks
for the resolutions presented to the
union bv the association on the occasion
of the clebreatlon of tho one hundredth
anniversary of Its organization.
"Amerira" as buiir by the assem
blage, followed by the reading of
Washington's Farewell Address by
Louis P Shoemaker.
A vocal solo, "t Am King of the
Lund and the Sea," was given by Ben
jamin A. LIneback, accompanied by
Miss Mary LIneback. The meeting
closed with tho singing of "Auld Lang
Nine Girls Rip Petticoats
To Save Man From Death
CALDWELL, N. J.. Feb. 22.-Nlne
young women, walking along the top
of Indian Rock, saw a man suddenly
slip on the edge of a precipice 300 feet
high and fall
Tho girls rnn to the oluce, expecting
to see tho man dashed to pieces. They
found he was hanging from an obstruc
tion about thirty feet from the top.
Tn:irltl tin HiaIi tiAltlfnut. tl,n irlrld
made the strips Into a stout rope, which
I they threw to the man. He grasped It
I and held tlsht Tho Klrls Hitreed and
slowly brought the man to the top of
we roox.
Tells House, Some of Principal
Seaooast Cities Are Not Safe
From Shelling.
Congressman Asserts Land De
fenses Are Not Protected
and Might Be Taken.
With the Injunction "Yankee Doodle,
guard your coast," which he said tvas
handed down by the forefathers. Con
gressman Augustus P. Gardner, of
Massachusetts, spoke in the House to
day on the Inadequacy of the coast de
fenses of the United States.
Mr. Gardner sutd tho coast defense
gi.hL now havo only 1 per cent of the
m'rimum amount of ammunition need
ed and the pending fortlfU-a'.'ons bills
Increased tho amount to only 74V4 per
"General Weaver has said," continued
Mr. Gardner, "that the proper allow
ance la two hours' ammunition for eaoh
of our coast delense guns. Instead of
one hour. At the present rate of appro
priation It will bo eighteen years be
fore we will havo ammunition for our
coast defense guns to last even one
hour. Perhaps by that time we will get
around to considering the declaration
of the chief of the coast artillery that
we neded twice the amount."
Seacoast Cities Not Secure.
Asserting that some of the principal
beacoast cities are not safe from bom
bardment, Mr. Gardner sald:v"I believe
It to bo true, and I have heard, that the
rnbllshed hearings do not contain all
that transpired In tho Appropriations
Committee room when officers present
discussed the tafety of our seacoaHt
cities. I am not convinced that these
cities ure safe from bombardment, by
the new British and German super
dreadhQUghta, with their long-range
Mr. Gardner professed impatlencj
with "Investigating boards," reminding
the Iloisec that tho fortification of Ches
bptake May wus recommended nine
curs aijo, but the work has not been
In psrl. Mr. Gardner said:
"I believe It to be true that the of
ficers pointed out certain very grave
iWirlvncleH In the fortifications which
are supposed to protect some of our very
largest cities. I know it to be true that
imh nf-nftrul Croiler and General Weav
er averred that additional fortifications
are now necessary on account of the In
creased range of naval guns and on ac
count of the territorial growth of cer
tain of our fortified cities.
Chesapeake Bay Unguarded.
"If It Is u fact, us I believe, th.U UiIb
serious danger exists and that the com
mittee knows It to exist. I can only ex
press my deep regret that the nettle
has not been grasped. I am told that
the matter has been referred to a board,
which will report next winter. Judging
by tho rapidity with which we have se
cured and acted upon the reports of
boards In the past. It will be a good
mHiiy years before much Is accom
plished. "For Instance, take the report made
In l'J06 by the national coast defense
That report was mado nine years
ago, but not one spadeful of earth has
yet been turned in fulfillment of un'
fortification project for the defense cf
Chaseapeake bay. To be sure, we have
bought land on Capo Henry at the. m
tranco, and the ordnance department
has prepared plans, and has submitted
to the Secretary of War a supplemental
estimate of $l.TSo,GO0 to .be appropriated
this year. I regret very much that the
Secretary has refused to recommend
this appropriation to the committee,
and. of course, the commlUe has not
done anything about It.
Forts Unprotected In Bear.
"The Secretary points out that the
conditions of the public treasury are
matter reminds me
the valuable live stock who refused to
repair his fences because "It cost too
""Do" you realize that wo haven't even
a strand of barbed wire to Impede an
attack on our forts In the rear? Not
oven a rat trap to catch an unguarded
soldier s toe; iwr i"2' ""
land s do. every one of them. As tor
--- . nB; tncy can't help us
to repel a land attack, for we have
inirenlnualv Hn arranged It that only
three out of the entire 1,100 arc mounted
so as to shoot In any direction.
Poe Could Capture Defenses.
"There can be no doubt that troops
convvoyed and landed b ya successful
foreign nation could readily take our
coast fortifications in the rear. Obvi
ously enough, that is so, ileji Mr.
Bryan's million patriots suddenly sprang
lo arms and could find tho arms to
spring to.
secretary uarnson icna we umi n
will take 40,000.000 to complete this
-nrk in the continental United States
alone. For the lost ten years we have,
been appropriating on an average of
11,150,000. a year to carry on the good
work. At that rate of progress I shall1
bo a Rip Van Winkle of eighty by the ,
t in vi i if " - o"
tlmo thut the Job which was begun In
my boynoou has reacnea compictiiion.
Jangoist Accused,
Forfeits $5 Bill
Miss Dorothy Peake, Also a Step
per, Charges Thomas Keating
Tangoed With Her Money.
Thomas Keating, tango artist, forfeited
5 In Police Court today on a charge
of having stolen a $6 bill from Miss
Dorothy Peake, ulso nn exponent of the
latest dances.
Keating was arrested by Detective
Borman on a warrant sworn out by Mii--s
I'euke, who alleged that she took Keat
ing to brcukfabt Saturday morning, and
that while she, was away from tho table
k moment he extracted the money from
bar purse.
High Officials Close to Pope
Think They Should Demand
War Be Ended.
(United Press Correspondent.)
ROME, Feb. 22.-That tho time
rapidly approaching the neutral nations
must demand that the present war bo
ended Is the opinion of all of the high
officials of the Vatican. ,
ITp to the present Pope Benedict has
been contenting himself with efforts to
mitigate tho suffering caused by tho
war. But during the present fact period
It Is expected an effort will be made to
determine whether concerted action by
the neutrals Is not possible.
Attitude Of the Pope.
'the attitude of the Vatican was set
forth for the benefit of the United States
by Cardinal Gaspurrl, papal secretary of
state, who received me In his apart
ments at the Vatican today. When In
formed that the people of the United
mates were very anxious to learn at
first hand Just what his holiness was
planning, he said.
"The holy father appeals with all his
toul for the re-establlshment of peace,
especially because his sons on both sides
are engaged in rratraciaai struggle
Until now the attempt to attain lo i
hlirhlv Chrl.tBln nnrt hnmnnn result"
by personally appcallns to the balllg
erents must have been doomed to cer
tain defeat. It was becaus eof tho
realization of this fact that tho holy
lather has to tfte present time confined
himself to doing everything possible to
mitigate the unhappy consequences of
the war.
Pleased By American Women.
"But when the neutral powers, among
whom you will realize the United States
holds the first place, judge that the mo
ment has arrived to demand peace from
the belligerents, his holiness will be
most happy to exchange views on the
subject. His entire moral Influence Is
now being exerted for this sacred cause.
And the time is ripe now for the press
of the entire world to work upon pub
lie opinion and hasten this greatly-to-be-deslred
moment. The press wields a
most powerful Influence. It must not
overlook its opportunity to force peace
"And the mothers and wives of the
entire civilized world should act and
should act now. Regardless" of nation
ality, all women should now unite for
a great pence movemont and move It
along with their prayers and their In
fluence. I have learned with great
uucni-r. i iiuve lenrneu wim great
Pleasure of the movement for peace
among the women of America, and I
am hopeful that It will extend through
out the entire world."
Pope Said to Have Urged
Teuton Allies to Show
Willingness to End War
GENJ3VA. Feb. 22. The forthcom
ing conference of Emperors William
and Francis Joeph Is reported in dis
patches received from Austrian
kources today to have as its chief ob
ject consideration of u. proposal from
Pope Benedict that the Teutonic allies-signify
their willingness to make
This report Is borne out by a dis
patch from IJomo saying that the
Pope has approached the Kaiser
through a German cardinal and sug
gested that, as Germany and her ally
have upheld their military honor,
terms of peace might be made now.
Will Meet on Austro-German
Frontier for First Time Since
War Began.
VIENNA (via Berlin). Feb. 22.-Em-pcror
Francis Joseph of Austria and
Emperor William of Germany are soon
to hold their first conference since the
war began, the Neuo Frele Presse an
nounced today. Tho two sovereigns
will meet on the Austro-German fron
tier. The Neue Frele Presse states that
Imperial Chancellor von Bcthmann
Hollweg of Germany and Premier Ba
ron Buiian of Austria-Hungary held a
long conference yesterday. The chan
cellor waj, nlso received by Archduke
Charles Francis Joseph, he'.r to tho
Austrian throne, who later had the two
ministers as luncheon guests.
The conference of the ministers whs
held at the headquarters of Archduke
Frederick, commander tn chief of the
Austrian army.
Service on New Sandy
Spring Line Begun Today
Service over tho new Sandy Spring
line of tho Kensington Railway Com
pany was inaugurated today, when the
first car over the new line, with a num
ber of officials aboard, left Chevy Chase
lake for North Kensington.
The new line Is being extended rapidly
in the direction of Wheaton, and will
be run to Silver Spring. A new steel
overhead bridge over tho Baltimore and
Ohio railroad tracks between Kensing
ton and North Kensington was recently
completed to carry the road, and the
tJ . .. -
extension nas Deen run muc or more,
Service Is already being given between
Kensington and Chevy Chase lake.
where the line connects with that of the
Capital Traction Company. Transfers
are not glvem
White House Baby
Soon to Go North
Francis Bowes Sayre Here to Take
Wife and Infant Son
To Home.
The White Hauso buby will leave
Washington for his future homo at
Wllllamstown, Mass., s.onie tlmo this
week. His father, Francis Bowes
Sayre, reachod Washington lust night
to tako baby and MVs. S.iyro north.
It has been decided, It In understood,
to postpone the chrlstenlur of Baby
Francis until after he reachej Williams-town.
Germany Not Starving,
But Shortage Is Grave
Government Blamed for Serious Situation, Resulting
From Waste of Foodstuffs After Announcement
That Stores Vv ere Ample.
BERLIN, Feb. 22 (via Amsterdam) .While statements that Ger
many faces starvation are exaggerated, the food situation is admit
tedly very serious. And the government, usually so methodical, in
this case is greatly to .blame. Its boasting when the war broke out
that the nation had enough food on hand to last several years was
accepted as gospel truth.
As a result, food was wasted which should have been saved. To
day only a complete change in the methods of living, which is pos
sible through the exemplary discipline of the people themselvs, can
save the situation. That this will take place is certain. Already a par
tial change has taken place.
Here are the successive steps that
have been taken to conserve the food
On January 8, the federal council de
creed that from that date on 82 per cent
of Hour must be milled from rye; SJ
per cent from wheat; mlllable wheat
and rye must not be fed as fodder to
animals, while all wheat flour must
r'lr !,' , T, "l v 'h
nave ad.ina lo ir 30 per cent or rye nnu
- " Kr' "C."V '..? " ". .' 'J -... t
must contain at least 10 per ceiu w
potato, bar!"y or rice flour or 30 per
cent of gruted or mashed potatoes.
On January 25 the government de
creed that all cereal flour and cereals,
In quantities of more than M0 pounds,
whether in tne nanus or iarnier, iicu-i-ers
or consumers, was to be expropri
ated by the government. Municipalities
of 5,000 Inhabitants or more were given
authority to expropriate swine and to
compel the baking of uniform loaves of
bread. Sales of flour were prohibited
untl February 1.
Food Consumption Limited.
Today the food supply of the nation
is in the hands of officialdom. The fol
lowing are the regulations, uniform In
all municipalities of more than G.000 in
habitants: Only three sizes of rye bread can be
baked, 2.2. 3.3. and 4.4 pounds. Only one
kind of wheat bread, a roll weighing
only 2 2-3 ounces, and pastry only on
condition that It contain not more
than 10 per cent of Its total weight In
cereal flour. The total weekly per
capita consumption of all kinds of se
real flour and bread togother Is limited
to 4.4 pounds.
Restaurants In Berlin receive today
i oniy iiiree-iourwin wu-ii uivau u in
- normal times. There are no .rolls. All
only three-fourths as much bread as In
bread Is charged for. In addition, Ger
man housewives are being mobilized for
lessons on economy.
The total average consumption ot
bre.id and Hour and It Is mostly tfheat
for the last two years was 3,000 grams
per capita as compared with tho pres
ent regulation of 2,000 grams, bo that
House Drops Legislation Af
fecting Washington for Rest
of Session.
"District Day" had probably the last
call of the session in the House today,
and was sidetracked by a vote of 179 to
99, the majority voting to take up the
fortifications appropriation bill rather
than District business. There arc no
more regular District days scheduled
befoic tho end of the pesslon, although
it may be possible to consider legisla
tion affecting Washington at some odd
moment before March 4. Indications
are. however, that the business on the
District calendar died a natural death
toduy. .This business includes the "Jim
crow" bill, which was to have been
considered today.
Concressman Sherley of Kentucky
Congressman Ben Johnson, of the same
-a . .-- .. .1.. rn-llnAlHH Kill
State, chairman of tho District Cora
mittee. said ho hoped tho Sherley mo
tion would not prevail, "because this is
District day."
When dcfe.ited on a rising vote, Mr.
Johnson mado a point of no quorum
an don the roll cull District business
whs unceremoniously Mde-tracked.
Ihe vote. In a sense, was a test vote
on tho Clark "Jim Crow" bill, to sep
al ato white and colored passengers on
the street cars in the DUtrlct, ns was a
cenerul understanding that t his bill
would take precedence If the District
were allowed its Inning. A large dele
gation of colored men, representing va
rious Washington churches, occupied a
section of the public galleries.
Among the District bills on the House
rnlenri.ir which are now believed to be
dead for the session are the following:
The Crisp bill, to repeal the half-and-half
plan. , , .
Tho Prouty bill for taxing Inherit
ances, legacies, bequests, and gifts.
Congressman Crossor's bill for the
municipal owneishlp of tho street rail
ways or the uisir'ci. , . , . '
Tho Proutv resolution to create a Joint
commission "to Investigate the fiscal ie
latlons between the District and Federal
governments aand to determine whether
the half-und-half nlan Is equitable.
The Borland bill to modify the laws
relating to street paving In the District
Congressman Cnry's bill preventing
tho keeping of undrawn poultry on cold
storage. . x . ,.
Various measures amendatory of the
half-and-half law.
Tho Caraway bill entitling the States
to a certain proportion of places In the
distribution of Jobs under the District
government. ,,.,,,, ,
The Dont bill to prohibit false adver
tising In the District.
Chicago Meat.
Feb. :. Hogs-Receipts, 40.000: markets
Be higher: mixed and butchers. G.S&5T6.CO;
good nnd heavy. 6.156.b&; rougn ncavy.
6.15?fi.30; light, G 406.70; pigs, S.60S5.73;
bulk. 6.5O0C.CO
Cattle-Rccclpts. li.CoO; markets steady
to strong. Beeves, 5.20-SS.50; cows and
heifers, 3.4Off7.0O: slockers and feeders,
4.4Vfi(i05; Tcxnns, 6.G0Q(i.4O; cihcs, 7.00
Sheep-Receipts. R.000; markets strong
to 10c higher. Native and Western. b.tS
(97.35; lambs. 7.555J8.7G.
.'.. "v.' ,,. i,-. i.,n, Mvir. sunloJ by Ids
wife I.uclnJa rennehnker Johnson, r
daucliler. Ids parents. Mr nl Mrs. hllU
John, and his sister. Audrey
Funeral prlvule from the reMJence of his
father, the Cumberland. Wednesday. I ob
ruary 4. at 2 o'clock P. lu-
the allowance has been reduced onee
third. In normal times 9 per cent ot
Germany's flour came from abroad.
War Cut Off Imports.
The real reason why near-famine con
ditions now prevail Is that great quan
tities of rye have been used by the
farmers for fodder for their stock. Nor
mally the empire produces one million
tons (metric or long tons) of fod
der barley annually. This was aug
mented by Imports of 3,000,000 tons ad
ditional, and about 1,000.000 tons of
corn. The outbreak of thu war durirut
harvest tlmo cut off these imports. The
farmers, secure In the boasts of the
Kovernmcnt that there was a wonderful
resorvc supply of food, fed their rye
to their stock. And, to moku matters
even worse, many farmers fed hundreds
of tons of potatoes to their stuck which
should have been reserved. Then the
Russians invaded cast Prusbia, the
granary of the nation, and put to the
torch thousands of barns simply burst-
inr wim grain.
Vegetables arid fruit make up nor-,
inally only about 4 per cent of the total
nourishment of the people, reckoned by
calores. The great falling ott In their
Imports, therefore, is of little conse
quence. Meat Outlook Reassuring.
The outlook for meat In the Immedi
ate future Is reassuring, but this be
cause it has become necessary to kill
off a great number of meat cattle. The
meat thus secured will all be preserved,
cither dried, corned, or In cold storage.
More actual Is the shortage of dairy
products, of which only a fraction of 1
i - . . ,,, rir,i,.-H Ami iht,
J ".S.Anyfu.- wlllrthS?
forced slaughter of cows will further
reduce the milk and butter supply. It
Is because of these facts that the gov
ernment has taken over the feeding of
the noncombatants, and from now on
the same system will be used In dis
tributing food among noncombatants as
prevails in the army.
British Flagship So Crippled in
Dardanelles Jiattle It Had to
. Be Towed Away.
CONSTANTINOPLE (via Berlin and
Amsterdam, Feb. 22. Three British anfl
French warships were badly damaged
by the return fire of the Dardanelles
forts In the bombardment of last Fri
day, it was announced at the Turkish
ministry of murine today.
The flagship of the attacking allies'
licet, a Brltinh battleship, was so seri
ously crippled that it had to bo towed
from the scene of action by destroyers,
according to the official statement Is
sued. The official statement follows:
"The allied fleet has not renewed its
bombardment of the Dardanelles forts.
J v'hlch 'nA'cted heay damage upon Urn
attacking fleet on FVlday. The enemy's
fleet, consisting of four English and
four French warships, opened the bom
bardment of Friday, with guns of the
largest caliber. The Ottoman artillerists
did not return the tire until the enemy
approached close.
"The English and French squadron
approached, thinking the fortresses had
been silenced. At this moment the Otto
man artillery fired eighteen shots, only
four of which failed to hit their mark.
The others struck home.
"The admiral's shin, a British battle
ship of the first class, suffered heavy
' damage, and was towed out of tho bat-
tle llne' by torpedo boats. Two other
of the enemy's ships were disabled. Af.
ter wasting 000 shells, the enemy, three
of whose units were almost useless, was'
compelled to retire."
John H. Sherman to Speak.
The Monroe Home and School Asso
ciation will be addressed tomorrow
afternoon at 2 o'clock by John H. Sher
man, superintendent of weights, meas
ures, and markets. The meeting will be
held nt the Monroe School.
Men's and Women's
Apparel Offered at Bar
gain Prices and on Credit
To make Hooni
For In com Ins;
bprlnc Goods.
A most Complcti
Stock of Stylish
Clothc3 for Men.
Women, Boys and
Children, Includ
ing all the fash
ionable Milliner)
creations aiu
mart Gents' Fur
nishings at great
ly reduced prices
and on the easiest
900 9th Street N. If.
Cor. Oth ud E7f M.
Oiei Latll 0 P.'St:
Frenoh Forces Grapple Along
Six-Mile-Front in Vosges
PARIS, Feb. 22. A severe- engage
ment has developed In 'front of Colmar,
In the Vosges mountains, where the
French and Germans are lockooT in u.
grapple for the possession of strategic
heights along the Fecht river.
Both sides are claiming successes in
that vicinity. The struggle extends
over a six-mile front between the Pass
of Bon Homme and Colmar, In the
Immediate vicinity of Sulzern, Hohrod
berg, Hohrod, and Weler-lm-Thal.
Despite storms ,of wind, rain, and
snow, tho French fought their way to
the crest of several hills held by the
Germans and routed the Kaiser's forces
from their trenches at the nojnt of the
bayonet. The battle front lies In the
form of a crescent, stretching to tho
northeast and to tho southeast from
The Germans, after being driven from
their high position, retreated toward the
east, but afterward delivered counter
attacks against the French. The French
claim these attacks were repulced; tho
Germans claim they were successful.
Along the northern end of the line ar
tillery still plays the leading role, al
though there has been some infantry
fighting near Yprcs.
in Champagne the French have con
centrated their new positions near Let
Mesnll, Perthes, and Bcauselour. Ger
man counter-attacks In that region, as
well as others on the Meuse, were un
successful. German Ship Hits Mine.
COPENHAGEN. Feb. 22.-Danlsh ma
rine circles today received information
that the German cotton steamer Aus
trian, which is ashore north of Malmoe.
struck a mine and had to be beached
to escape sinking.
- '
We have arranged every
thing with full regard to
the convenience and com
fort of those who desire an
examination of their eyes.
Our methods are the sim
plest and most modern. Ex
aminations are made with
out the use of drops, drugs,
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is proved by accurate, sci
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Ere Examined Free.
Roe Fulkerson
140T F Street N. W.
IV Opposite Willing Hotel. JI
The Wise Man
demands STRENGTH in
his bank, whether he has one
dollar or one thousand dol
lars to deposit,
ff In addition to being the old
est, this is one of the un
questionably STRONG sav
ings depositories of Wash
ington. 14TSame rate of interest paid on
both large and small accounts.
Nationti Savings and
Trust Company
Corner 15th and N. Y. At.
N. L Carpenter & Co.
Mala Office, 17 William
Street. X. Y.
New York Stock New Tork CoB
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New York Cotton Chicago Board of
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Exchange. Exchange.
Associate Members oi the Liverpool
Cotton Association.
Private Wlr With All Principal ntles.
Woodward Building,
15th H Sts. N. AV.
The Safest Investments
Are those that do Dot fluctuate during dis
turbed conditions of the money or stuck mar
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Capital $2,000,000
Fully Paid In
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