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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25; 1915.
r, 3hea5h!n0tott time PUBU8HED EVERX EVBNINO (Including Sunday!) By m Washington Times Company, THE MUNSBY B01LP1NO. Penna. av. PRANK A. MbNSBV, President R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. G. H. POPE, Treasurer. On Tear (Including Bundav). 18.50. Bis Months, 11.75. Threa Month. Ma. Entered at tho postofflce- at Washington. D. C as second class mall matter. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1915. PEACE HEROISM Peace hath her heroes and hero ines no less than war. Archie Thomas, the leper boy, sent to Peni-' 1ese Island colony five years ago, ' studied wireless telegraphy that he might make the lives of those in the leper colony somewhat less miser able. Now the mother of the boy, who died several days ago, has decided, although not in any way touched by the disease herself, to spend the rest of her life caring for the unfortu nates. She goes on the payroll as "nurse and helper" at a pittance of $200 a year. Though there is no one to take Archie's place and give glimpses of the news of the outside world to the leper colony his memory will linger the more speakingly in the presence of the mother of her dead boy. SUNDAY IN BOSTON! Shades of the sacred cod, and the peaceful waters of Back Bay! Billy Sunday is to uncork his rhetoric in Boston. In Boston, where spectacled infancy might give Billy pointers on grammar, and where, if he splits an infinitive, he is lost. Not that Boston will shiver at Billy's theology. If it is archaic Boston will treat it with reverence arid embalm it; if jt is new and novel Boston will welcome it as a new "made in Boston" cult, and send it out duly labeled as the latest Hub product. But hasn't Billy Sunday "taken a fall out of grammar," to use his own confession, and even assigned mere rhetoric to the warmer place he paints in carihine tones? Hasn't he even dared lock horns with President Eliot, and said in no uncertain terms, what he thought of Che "whole fos silized outfit of cultured, spineless jellyfish?" Perhaps Boston will censor Billy Sunday, as it did "The Easiest Way?" Or, since the judicious yod eling Mayor Fitzgerald has passed from the stage, his successor, who wanted to sell the public gardens and erect office buildings thereupon, may find some equally novel way of dealing with the approaching evan gelist. FIGHTING FIREWATER It is something new for, the Indian to fight the liquor traffic. Yet that is just what the Northwest Federation of Indian Tribes is doing. Hereto fore it has been one sort of white man that has sold whisky to the red skin and another sort that has tried to keep him from it, with the abo rigine a mere lay figure. But the federation, in session in Tacoma, has asked the Federal Gov ernment for an appropriation of $150,000 for the express purpose of suppressing the sale of liquor to In dians. Demon Rum has received some body blows recently, with Russia prohibiting the sale of vodka and France frowning upon absinthe and contemplating foregoing all liquor. In Alabama a law has gone into ef fect which forbids even an adver tisement of whisky. But those who speak for the mod erate use of alcoholic beverages, as well as the temperance forces, will wish the Northwestern tribesmen well in their fight against firewater. Whisky has been an unmitigated curse to the Indians. It has been the blackest mark against the pale face a refinement of cruelty which put to shame the crudities of toma hawk and scalping knife. All who have a spark of feeling for a dying race will applaud the spirit which prompted the federa tion's action, at the same time feel ing a vicarious shame that we have so poorly fulfilled our duty to our wards that it was necessary. SCHOOL GARDENING . Any suggestion of introducing a wmer military training among schools of this country is bound to meet with opposition. But one move which will be almost as useful in time of war is that being made by the United States Bureau of Edu cation to make home-garden truck farmers of the 10,000,000 children who are now in public schools in the United States. Of course, the relation of such a movement to war probably was far from the minds of those, who have been fostering the movement. It al ready is being worked out in many ities. On the statement of Dr. C. I). Jarvis, the specialist in charge of the Government's homc-gurdoning survey, the relation this movement, u uv7omslilicd thoroughly, would bear to war is strikinirlv shown. Dr. Jarvis estimates that if half the 10,-1 000,000 available school children ' were interested in the work the in- crease in food supplies would amount to $60,000,000 annually. This esti mate is based upon the supposition that $10 is the average yield of a garden, though figures show that many such gardens can earn $25, $50, and even $100 yearly. What such a food supply would mean . to any European nation at this time can easily be imagined. If war called the young men from the farms of this nation, even for a brief time, these school gardens would be invaluable in supplying food to cities which otherwise might find them selves cut off from a ready supply. Obviously the great benefit ofthe work undertaken by the Bureau of Education and its experts is planned for timestof peace. But in a period when many peaceful movements are viewed from a war angle, this plan cannot escape the attention of those who believe preparedness is oUr best protection against t foreign i im broglios. THE PUBLIC LAND CASE The "lawless" Roosevelt was right. The "safe and sane" Taf t was wrong. So says the Supreme Court. The President really did have the power to stop land grabbing by withdraw ing public lands from private appro priation until Congress should have a chance to pass better laws for the protection of the people's property. That is the meaning of the deci sion in the Midwest Oil Company's case. It looked that way to the plain citizen from the start. That humble person could not see why his cham pion should be disarmed in his fight with the land grabbers, but superior intellects said " the humble person had a "lawless mind." By good luck Roosevelt had gathered a bunch of such mentally deficient persons in the law office of the Forest Service, and when Roosevelt, in 1906, asked the advice of the several public land bureaus upon the withdrawal ques tion, this bunch of mental deficients fell back on common sense and old Supreme Court decisions. Reposing thereon, they told Roose velt that he could withdraw. The other bureaus said he couldn't. Roosevelt, being in doubt, played trumps for the people by ordering the coal lands withdrawn. A howl went up from the land grabbers, Senators, Congressmen, editors, and constitutional lawyers not a few. The Congressional Rec ord of those days was lurid with charges of executive usurpation, despotism, suspension of laws, and breach of all constitutional guaran tees from Magna Carta to the Four teenth Amendment. "T. R." sat tight, as usual, only more so. He ordered the oil lands withdrawn in 1907, water power sites in 1908, phosphate lands in 1909. Then came Taft and Ballinger. They were terribly shocked by the crude efficiency with which popular rights had been defended. The doubt ed their power to njake withdraw als. So they revoked a few on the sly, but were caught in the act. The resulting howl from the lawless pop ulace scared them into remaking those withdrawals. But Taft told Congress he doubted his own power, and begged for a special authoriza tion. He got it in he "withdrawal act" of 1910 So doublful was he that in order' to get it he consented to a clause making past and future mineral claims (except for coal, oil, and phosphate) good against with drawals. In vain the National Conservation Association protested against this weak and needless surrender to spe cial interests. The bill was passed, mineral clause and all. Taft called it "the conservation bill" and held it up in the 1910 campaign as a shin ing example of orderly and legal re form in contrast to the "lawless" Roosevelt variety. And now the court says Roosevelt had full power to withdraw public lands in aid of proposed legislation; that Taft's fears and doubts were groundless, and that his "withdrawal act" was a gold brick. Therefore, the price Taft paid for it (preference of mineral claims over-withdrawals) was a fraud upon the public. If it had been known when Roosevelt was in the White House that radium was a cure for cancer, the rights of the people in the radium lands could have been protected by withdrawals. The "withdrawal act" made that im possible. WHAT A NAVY CAN DO After nearly seven months of war there is at last an unconfirmed re port nothing more that an Eng lish transport has been sunk by a German submarine on the sea lanes to France. For seven months the British have transported troops and supplies as safely and surely as if ferryboats were using the Hudson river. This is by far the most re markable achievement of the British navy in this or any other war. There have been plenty of signs of activity of the German subma rines and even their lighter cruis ers. Recently merchant ships have been torpedoed in the channel, and vea in the Irish Sea, at the Rates of Liverpool. "But there has never been so much as a German claim that the great stream of soldiery and warlike equipment from England to France has ever been even annoyed by the German navy. The British naval strategists have not been able to protect their pa trolling cruisers and destroyers from the enemy's submarines at all times. Mines have wrought further dam age. The Audacious was smashed off the north coast. of Ireland, but the transports have been immune. How has this been contrived? Probably no outsider will ever have even the -faintest notion until the war is over. Possibly not then. Were the troop ships dispatched se cretly from unsuspected ports? Were they thrust boldly out into the chan nel covered by swarms- of destroy ers ? Did they use great ocean grey hounds that could show their heels to submarines? We can only guess. But it is a remarkable record in keeping the seas open in the face of a desperate foe. THE WOMEN AS VOTERS Analyses of the vote in the Chi cago 'primary election are proving highly interesting, dealing especial ly with the effect of the women's votes. For one thing, it appears that there is plenty of testimony that the women will vote when they get the chance. Over 154,000 women cast ballots in the primary, which is larger than the total vote of the primary three years ago this month, when only the men voted. California, last autumn, gave an other demonstration of the fact that in the States where they get the chance the ladies will vote. Califor nia is one of the newer States in the suffrage column, and therefore its showing is more suggestive than that of States which long ago gave the ballot to the women. In the Tenth California Congress dis trict a total of 114,926 votes was cast last November. This was the largest vote polled in any Congress district in the country. At the other end of the tabulation appears the Third Mississippi district, , in which only 2,168 votes were cast. Of these, Congressman Humphreys received 2,125. In the entire district only forty-three votes were cast against him. In another Mississippi district the total vote was only 2,333. These fig ures give an interesting light on the fundamental democracy of the "Democratic States." On the show ing of the votes that are cast, or per mitted to be cast, the solidly Demo cratic States are far and away the least democratic in the country. In Chicago's primary this week the ladies gave a good demonstration of independence. It has often been argued that to give the ballot to the women would only double the vote without changing its complexion, be cause the women would take their political opinions from their hus bands or close relatives of the mas culine persuasion. The Chicago re turns do not prove this at all. In fact they seem to leave doubt wheth er the wife is any more likely to vote with her husband than the son to vote as his father does. Moreover, there is a great and rapidly increasing class of unat tached women, who, even if they were disposed to be guided by their "men-folks," have none to furnish the guidance; women who are inde pendent economic figures, who live neither with husbands nor with pa rents, and have to decide how they will vote just as men decide. In Chicago the women's vote must have given a jolt to the opinion of those Democrats who have been so persistently opposed to woman suf frage, seemingly by reason of a sus picion that the women would not be Democrats. The South, for instance, has been far behind the rest of the country in its interest in suffrage, and this determined antagonism by the section which represents the backbone of national Democratic strength has inevitably caused the suffragists to feel that the Demo cratic party was the one most to be feared by the "cause." Yet in Chicago we find that 94,000 women voted as Democrats, while 60,000 voted as Republicans, 824 as Progressives, and 227 as Socialists. The women displayed no hostility to the Democratic party; but they did manage to make themselves an inde pendent factor. Between the two Re publican candidates for the mayor alty nomination, Thompson and Ol son, the women decidedly leaned to Olson. Thompson received a major ity of all votes in twenty-one wards, Olson in fourteen. But Olson car ried the majority of the women's votes in nineteen wards. In eight wards the majority of men were for Thompson and of women for Olson. In one ward the big preponderance of women's votes for Olson overcame the preponderance of men's votes for Thompson, and gave the ward to OlFon. The Republican women seem to have voted more independently of their men than did the Democratic women. " Nobody has offered any very satisfactory general explana tion of this; but the figures bear it out. Ward after ward, the majority of women went to the same Demo cratic candidate as the majority of men, while among the Republicans the women and men, as already hows, divided In many cimi. LODGE LIKES TOWN E Senator Soon Will Go to Nahant, Mass., to Solve One of Those Civic Filibusters. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, who was one of tho chief leaders of the fillbus tery against the ship purchase bill, got a largo share Of his parliamentary edu cation in the New England town meet ing. The town meeting is one of the chief Institutions of New England, and Sena tor Lodge ia a participant In It, ' Senator Lodge lives at Nahant, and about the middle of March he will go to Nahant to take part tin the town meet ing. Friends of the Senator say there is nothing that gives him as much satis faction as to participate in the town meeting at his home. It Is the habit of the Yankee and oth er New Englanders to speak their minds freely on such occasions, and sometimes there are parliamentary Joustlngs and verbal encounters that would rival a scene in a Senate filibuster. A -year ago, at one of the Nahant meetings, thorn was a big fight over building a new town hall. Senator Iodge and one of his Irish constituents got Into a sharp fight over the action to be taken. V Lodge left the chair, got down on the noor, and threshed out tne tning. He won by a few votes. A building com mittee was named, and Lodge, as mod erator, choso his Irish opponent as one of tho committee, as a member of which he proved highly efficient. "What did you put him on the com mittee for?" some ono asked. "Hecause he's got brains," said Lodge. "About the middle of March." said a friend of tho Massachusetts Benator to day, "you'll see Henry Cabot Ijodge settlnir out with groat glee for the Na hant town meeting. You couldn't keep him away. This year, with his fresh experience In the Senate filibuster, he will be fully prepared to help settle the questions that arise." TWO YEARS OFF FOR T New York School Board Will Grant Leave of Absence Without Pay in Future. NEW YORK. Feb. 25. The board of f-rhiPAtlnn amended its by-laws yester day so as to provide that the board of superintendents may grant leaves or nbsence without pay to principals and teachers for periods of two years for. bearing and rearing children. When a principal or teacher expects to be come a mother she must forthwith ap ply for the leave of absence, and fail ure to do so will be regarded as In subordination. Mrs. Mullan. a new member of the board, said that inasmuch as It was making concessions to married women teachers It might as well repeal subdi vision 12. section 67. of the by-laws, which nrohlbits the appointment of married women as teachers. The board adopted her suggestion. Mrs. Ira M. Wagner, of the Curtis High School, who was suspended at the time her child was born, was ordered restored to duty. Chairman Oreene of the finance com min. aM that careful computation indicated a shortage In the general school fund and retrenchment wan necessary. Large classes must ho or ganized and substitutes, Instead of reg ular teachers, must be appointed to nil vacancies. CaseyySlocum Heroy Disgraces Himself Sent to Workhouse for Theft After Being Arrested ,24 Times for Drunkenness. NEW YORK, Feb. 23. Daniel Casey, flfty-seVen, hero and drunkard, who saved twenty-four lives In the General Siocum disaster, and has been arrested twenty-four times since 1910. was sen tenced In special sessions to six months in the workhouse for petit larceny Probation Officer Smith told the Justices that for the last live years Casey has been on a continuous spree. if Cusev had not sold his wife s furni ture when she was out one day in 1! and got drunk with the proceeds the toll of dead from tho burning steamboat General Slocum might .have been larger. Ills wife had htm sent to the work house for b1x months to sober up. He had become a trusty on Rlker's Island three months later, when the steamboat, all aflame, was beached near by. With several keepers catiey put out. in a row boat and by his own efforts he saved twenty-four of the excursionists, be sides recovering many bodies. For his heroism Coroner O'Gorman, of the Bronx, who conducted the inquest, awarded a gold medal to Casey, and he received a purse of 1287 from those whom he had saved. Casey was pardoned out of the work house bv th.. governor, but he continued to drink, according to Probation Officer Smith, and his wife refused to live with him. When not in Jail he slept at night In wagons or vacant lots. On January 28 he stole a copper Jardiniere worth T.'i cents from a store. He said he was so drunk ho had no recollection of it. Pharmacists Discuss New Anti-Narcotic Law That there Is much difference of opin ion among those who have to deal with the new anti-narcotic law which goes into effect March 1. was Indicated at the meeting lust night of the Washing ton Pharmaceutical Society at the Na tional College of Pharmacy. The meet ing was devoted to study of the new law and its requirement, and several representatives of the Internal Revenue Bureau were kept busy answering ques tions. Dr. H. P. Hlnson. a pharmacist, de clared complications were more than offset by the advantage to be derived by ridding the pharmaceutical profession of its discredited members. The new law requires that every sale of a habit forming drug must bo regis tered by physicians, dentists, druggists, and veterinarians. Dr. P. S. Talbert. chief of th law division of tho Internal Revenue lluicau; Or I P.. Wire In clmirf ' 'I'0 enfoicement of iip l-ivv, and I"- A B Adams, chief chemist of the internal Rfcnu Hurcau. all spoke and anhwered questions to the boH of acuity. MEETI GunTHOM TEACHER-MO u Attractions Coming To Washington B. It. Baumgardt will sketch the "Ro mance of Man," at tho Belasco next Sunday afternoon, and tell In his bril liant way of man's transformation from a savage running naked in the woods into a rational, reasoning human being. xno evening lecture will bo on tne Rhine, the most romantic river In Eu ropo and the most beautiful. From the heart of the' Swiss Alps 'to the North sea it flows. 800 Inllea throuah lands that have been historic for thirty cen turies. It is said that no one who has once floated on its waters can ever shako off the spell, for earth possesses no more interesting river. Frank Bush, the inimitable funny story teller, and Rochm's "Athlet!lc Girls," with a program of fencing, box ing and wrestling, headllno features tho first of the week at the Cosmos theater, will be a part of tho new bill which goes Into effect at the matinees today. The newcomers will Include the Shop ard Sisters and Escorts, a singing and dancing sextet: Isabella D'Orvllle and Company. In "The. Man Next Door;" Billy Waldo, and Berry and Wllhclmina. with a doll feature. Sunday's concerts will present an or chestral program with many special ties. The Eddie Baldwin Dramatic and Mnslcul Comedy Company begins its fourth week In Washington at the Casino Theater next week. An entirely now offering, with new scenery, cos tumes, etc., wltl be provided. The supporting acta will be announced later, but the country atore will be an added attraction every night except Sunday, when the concerts will run from 3 to 10:30 p. m., and present new specialties and other attractions In ad dition to a fine orchestral program. At Moore's Garden Theater next week from Sundav until Wednesday, William H. Crane Will be seen fnr h flrat Mm. here in photoplav, in a screen version of uavid Hartim." Edwnrd Peples drama, "Tho Littlest Rebel." featuring E. K. IJncoln, will be the attraction on Thursday. Friday Marguerite Clark will again be seen in Harold MacGrath'n romance, "Tho Goose Girl." The attraction Saturday will be Dus tin Farnum In Booth Tarklngton'a story, "Cameo Klrby." n extra attraction from Monday until Saturday, Inclusive, will be picture! of tho various scenes connected with tho trial of Harry K. Thaw In New York. In response to a number of requests, "The Glided Kool." with William Far num and Maud Gilbert In the leading roles, will again be seen at Crandall's next week. The World Film Corporation will pre sent 'The Fairy and tho Wair." with Mary Miles Mlnter, creator of the name part In tho stage version of "The Littlest Rebel." In support or Miss Mlnter, Percy Helton, formerly with David Warlleld. and Will Archie will be seen. "A Fool There Was." by Porter Km- erson Browne, featuring Edward Jose and Theda Bara, Is another film that will be repeated during the week. The concerts of Prof. Green's orchestra in connection with the pipe organ recltars will bo adltlonal features. "The Love Route," by Edward l'e ple, author of "A Pair of Sixes." will be presented in film form at Moore's Strand Theater next week from Sunday until Tuesday. The production features Harold Lockwood, Winifred Kingston, and Donald Crisp, and has been staged personally by Daniel Frohman. The attraction Wednesday and Thurs day will be Booth Tarklngton's idyllic drama, "Springtime." featuring Flor ence Nash. Many of the scenes of the piece wore photographed in and around old New Orleans. For the remainder of the week Ed gar Selwyn will bo seen In his own play. "Pierre of the Plains," a .story of the Canadian woods and the Royal Northwest Mounted Police. Special music will be provided by the Strand Symphony Orchestra. PROBE OF DAYTON'S Committee Will Try to Make Re port of Investigation Before Congress Adjourns. The McGllllcuddy subcommittee prac tically closed Its hearings of charges against Judge Alston G. Dayton, of West Virginia, last night. - , One additional witness is to be heard tomorrow, and the committee then will attempt to get its report into the House before adjournmen. One of tho last witnesses heard was Festus Newman, an old colored man of the ants-bellum type. Newman told the committee of working in the garden and around Judge Dayton'B homo for five years, receiving each month a Govern ment check for $40. Ills wife cooked for the Judge's family, and was supposed to receive as her pay one-half of this check. . Judge Dayton, who took the stand later, said that he was allowed a mes senger by the Government, und that "Uricle Fest" was used both about the courtroom and the house. The Judge said he gave "Uncle Fest" his meals and lodging for the purely personal services rendered the Judge and his family. A number of witnesses were heard by the committee yesterday afternoon re garding loans of Judge Dayton. Attorney for Judge Dayton objected to going Into his "private financial affairs," and the committee said they would not pursue this line of Investigation unless it wus Eroposed to show some ulterior motive ehlnd the loans. - Hofmann Shares Honors With Symphony Society The Symphony Society of New York, under the direction of Walter Dam rosch and Josef Hofmann, pianist, shared honors at the Columbia The ater yesterday afternoon, presenting an exacting program. ..,,, The symphony wns Hndyn s Mlll talre" in G. of exceptional charm and beauty, and losing nothing of its unitv under the direction of Dnrn rosch. Scarcely more than a pause ensued between the movements, mak ing for an unusually coherent pre sentation. ' .... Mottle's orchestration of the Liszt "St. Francis Preaching to the Birds," a pleasing departure from conven tional symphony selections, was full of grace. The prngrnm opened with tho over ture of Weber from "Oberon." Josef Hofmann was heard In Chopin's Con certo in K minor, a number well adapted to reveal his genius as a technician and Interpreter of Chopin's moods. Two selections from xVngner. widely iirrorlni? In tone ami form. "Traunie. a studv fioni Tristan, with violin solo In Alexander Saslarsky, and tho "Hide of the Vajkyriss." closed the program. Jr. T. CONDUCT FINISHED 'Economy' in Congress Passes Billion Mark Big Appropriation Bills Being Hurried Toward Enactment in Final Rush of Session. GRAND TOTAL IS STAGGERING Because of Heavy Drain on Treasury, Uncle Sam Will Face Large Deficit. A usual, the talk of economy In ap propriations by Congress has proven meaningless. With the end of the short session near at hand, and the appropriation meas ures being hurried rapidly toward enact ment in tho final rush, it is possible to tell with a close approximation to ac curacy what the total will be of the, bill which Uncle Sam Is called on to foot In the coming fiscal year. Including the" river and harbor bill as it has been reported to the Senate the total will reach the staggering sum of $1,132,982,839.76. The river and harbor bill will be reduced in some degree from present figures, but on the other hand, there are some scattering appropria tions which have not been considered in making up the grand total here given. Await Final Totals. This grand total is not far from the aggregate which will confront the Treasury when all the regular supply bills and other measures carrying ap propriations and authorisations are on the statute books. These figures represent top-notch ex penditures. Until the final official totals are made up when the bills are all per fected in conference it will not be pos- Klbblo to say whether preylous records are broken, but It is clear that tho ap propriations will run neck and neck with the biggest appropriations In the history of on extravagant Government. The figures printed herewith do not take Into account the ship purchase bill, which the President is stilt try- GREGORY TO TALK TO SOOT Attorney General Will Respond to Toast at Society's Annual Banquet Saturday. Attorney General T. W. Gregory has been added to the list of speakers at the Southern Society's banquet, which win bo held Saturday night, and Cot. Ncylo Colquitt, chairman of the banquet committee. Is today in receipt of a letter from W. W. Fuller, president of the Sojthern Society of New York, say ing wiat he will attend. Air. Fuller compliments the Southern Society upon securing the Attorney Gen eral to respond to a toast and recalls that Mr. Uiegory has made but one banquet address since he came into of fice. That was before the Southern So ciety of New York and Mr. Fuller says it was "a hit." Colonel Coloultt Practically has ner- fected all plans for the banquet, which win represent the last gathering of (southerners In olflclal and public life before the end of the present session of Congress. It was announced today that attendance at the banquet is not strict ly confined to members of the society itself, but the banquet committee will welcome the application of any South erners who desire to attend. These ap plications may be made to Col. Neyle Colquitt, House Office building. Joseph W. Folk, solicitor for the In terstate Commerce Commission, and Congressman John H. Small of North Carolina have been added to the toast list. The Secretaries of State and Navy, the Assistant Secretary of War ajid Congressman J. Thomas Heflln of Ala bama will also make responses. . The committee received So many re quests for group seatlngs that it was decided to have round tables of eight, and, as a consequence numerous "par-tics-ot-eight" have been organized. Motorcycle Club Dinner Proves Best in History The annual banquet of the National Capital Motorcycle Club, at tho Pow hatan Hotel last night, was the best tn the organization's history. E. M. Dod son was toastmaster, and brief ad dresses were made by T. U. Moody, president; Joseph Berberich, Assistant corporation Counsel Roger Whlteford, and George Beall. Others present were B. M. Bliss, H. B. Cohen, W. F. Throop, F. M. Mills, Charles H. Cross, Karl Schueger, Au gust Zimmerman, Brunno Buckholz, Fritz Weiss, &, J. BiacK, narry c May, Kris Roeters. II. B. Rogers. 8. H. Bakor, George W. Parezo. S. W. Si mons, L. G. Waldman, J. M. Seabrook, M. E. Eissler. F. L Usisher. Harry Ducltsteln, Frank Uong, and Harry Ward. Senate Passes G. A. R. Encampment Measure The Senate yesterday adopted the Joint resolution reported by the Appro priations Committee giving authority to the commissioners to make special regulations for the national encamp ment of the G. A. R.. to be held here next September. Senator John Walter Smith called up the resolution and it was adopted with out opposition. Expect Fifty to Attend "Get-Together" Luncheon Fifty members of the Builders and Mnnnfneturera' ExchaiiKe are expect ed to attend the fourth ot a series ofi "get-together uincneons oeing neiu un der the auspices of the organization, at 1 o'clock Friday, at the Harrington Hotel. , . , . The committee designated to select new quarters for the exchange win sub mit a report nt the monthly meeting, March K .... I'nder the leadership of S. J. Macfar ren and 11. Tugman, the Spanish class recently organized hv the ex change has built up a membership or tfelrsy. ESTIMATED COST OF RUNNING U.S. JN NET YEAR Postoffice $317,948,869.00 Sundry civih.. 126,212,619.70 Agriculture .... 23,193,817.00 District ....... 12,341,624.45 Legislative .... 39,537,363.50 Indian 11,255,865.65 Army 102,928,857.00 Navy 1,52,961,981.88 Pensions 164,100,000.00 Diplomatic ' 4,143,130.01 Military Academy 1,1 18,840.37 Fortifications .. 6,060,216.90 River and harbor 38,627,880.00 General defic iency 7,152,916.12 Urgent deficiency 4,398,858.09 Permanent an nual appfopri- - ations 121 ,000,000.00 Tdtal 1,132,982,839.76 ing to push to passage. However, it Is generally believed this bill will fall. The total of the appropriations made by the last regular session of Con gress for the current fiscal year was 11,094.168.102.30. The total of the esti mates sent to. Congress by the execu tive branch of the Government at the outset of the session was 11.000,775,134.38. Means Big Deficit. It is clear that the huge outlay or this session, with revenues at a lower ebb than usual, partly because of the war, means a big deficit at the close of the fiscal year, which will end Juno 30, 1918. A heavy deficit is looked for at the end of the current fiscal year, June 30 next. Should the war go on, many be lieve not only that the war revenue act will have to be extended, but that ad dlt'onal revenue legislation will be needed. Tom Reed's talk of two decades ago about a billion dollar Congress can be supplanted with talk of a two-and-a-quarter-billlon congress. LOCAL GOVERNMENT SUBJECT OF DEBATE Members of Brightwood Park Citizens' Body Hear Argu ment Over Present System. A warm debate on the quest'on of Whether the present form of District government in adequate marked the regular meeting of the Brightwood Park Citizens' Association last night in Van Horn's Hall, on Georgia avenue. The affirmative, defending the present form, was taken by S. M. Falconer and W. D. , Wilson, their opponents being William McK. Clayton and Homer Sm'th. There were no Judges, and no decision was made as to which side made the better arguntent. The affirmative, in closing, made the point that those dissatisfied with the K: . . --.. present lurin ok Kovernineni. nna i&iiea to suggest a feasible plan for improv ing It. Resolutions were adopted favoring bills now before Congress which call for a Congressional Inquiry into the financial relations between the District and the Federal Government, and which would grant hearings to representative bodies in the District on mattere pertaining to local legislation. As chairman of the railways commit tee, Mr. Clayton Introduced a resolution petitioning for the exchange of trans fers between the Georgia avenue car line and the Washington-Maryland Terminal Company, afe Georgia avenue and Kennedy street. The Capital Trac tion Company was asked to erect a shel ter hpuse at the end of the Fourteenth street car line. OTHER TO SAVE TIME Woman Superintendent Admits That She Inaugurated Rule. Probe Planned. COOPERSTOWN. N. Y., Feb. 25. Whcther qr not a system of self-Bpank-ing is essential in the successful con duct of an orphanage will be fully aired in an Investigation by the State board of charities into the uffalrs of the Orphanage of the Holy Saviour. Miss Victoria AeMolne. superintend ent, is charged with Inaugurating ie self-chastisement rule, and also appear ing with her hair disheveled and with her clothing untidy. Miss LeMolne admitted that she Intro duced self-spanking as a means of pun ishment for minor offenses. Sevecal years ago, she said, one of the teachers brought several of the boy orphans to be chastised. That was Miss IeMolne's busy day, and she did not have, time .to spank them herself. So she decided that they should spank each other. Ono by ono the orphans turned each other over a barrel and administered the punishment. It was all very well, so long as a fellow was a friend of the one who was doing the spanking. But 'sometime tho wrong fellow got hold of the barrel stave and them the victim got a real trouncing. Complaints were made that the sys tem was degrading and demoralizing, but" Miss IMolne declared that It saved time and n lot of trouble. Tho hupt lutemlcnt admits that she sometimes appeared about the Institution clad in a kimono, and that occasionally her hair warn not arranged In the latest Stylf. M waM at that, ids ailtsdr ORPHANS SPANK EACH The Silver Lining Edited By ARTHUR BJCER. i Considering the rata at which his fleet Is crowing, It should at least he Admiral Davy Jones. Altho' the war has deprived us of the mud baths at Baden Baden, we'll be all right soon as the spring floods hit the Potomac. Latest photographs of the Oil King depict him with a surprised expression. Probably can't understand why he isn't blamed for sinking the Carlb. They've managed to eradicate the gambling evil on ocean liners by eradi cating: the ocean liners. Having lost his tenth army, the Czar has only 6,793 armies left; HABt? "In waiting for no man, time and tide haven't got a thing o n them Brookland street Why send our merchant marine through tho mined area, "when all the Maryland roads will soon be In good condition for maritime traffic? Judging from the advance models in fcmlnlns finery. It will not be necessary to start a "glve-a-look" campaign this summer. In eating twenty-two lobsters, that New York lady naturally spared the twenty-third to enable It to pay the bill.. In order to facilitate matters. Presi dent Davllmar Theodor will turn in his future resignations a hundred at a. clip. After a careful perusal of the hemis phere one of life's mysteries is why did Rio Van Winkle ever come back? Following his northern successes, Von Hindenburc might be imported to cap ture Monttcello. PROGRAM (For Today and Tomorrow.) Meeting of fraternal, social, and other organizations of the Nation's Capital. a together with a brief tabulation of the most important events scheduled for today and tomorrow, and attractions at the various playhouses. By reference to this column the reader may find at a glance the time and place of Happen ings In Washington today and tomor row. The Sunday issue of The Times presents a program of events for tne ensuing week. Tatar. Maetlns. Study Club of Washington Center of the Drama Leaue, children'! room, Pub lic Ubrary. 8:16 p. m. Concert. Rubenateln Club, banquet hall, Ra- leign. ;jv p. mi. . Meeting. Washington Symphony Orchestra, S p. m. Elementary -Graded Bunday School Vnlon conference, itudy room. Public Ubrary. 3:30 p. m. Meeting. Capital Poultry and Pigeon Amo- clatlon. study room. Public Ubrary, 7:3 P- m. Dinner, University Club, large ball room. New Wlllard. 7 P. m. Masonic The Nw Jerusalem, No. 9. 9,e.or', C Whltlnr Temple-Noyea. No. a; aan- lngtun. No. I-, Hoval Arch Masons; William F. Hunt. No. 16. Eastern Star. Odd Fellows Columbia, No. 10; Covenant No. 13: Excelalor. No. 17: Salem. No. 22. Knights of Pythias-Grand Lodge conven tion. Harmony. No. 21. National Union Bancroft Council, 7:30 p. m , Typographical Temple. Socialist Young People'a Socialist League. Illustrated lecture, "Mexico Under Ppanleh Rule. Mies Erna Mary Ferguaon, Spanlih School of Washington. 8 p. m. Reception and entertainment for friends ana patrons of Neighborhood House, at Insti tution. 470 N street eouthweit. 2 to 10 p. m. Meeting. Fraternal Order of Eaglea. In l.all. Meeting1. Keane Council, Knights of .'."olum- bua. K. of C. hall. 8 p. m. Ladles' night, entertainment, under ausplcei of ladles' auxiliary. B. P. O. E.. Elks' Hall. Mee'tin.' Bather Council. No. 20, Daughters of America. In hall. 8 p. m. Dinner, complimentary to Congressman Bar- tholdt. of Mleaourl, launcher's. 7 p. m. Lenten talk. "Public Charities nd the lam- lly." George S. Wilson, Rauscher'a, 11 n. Dance. United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1312 Vermont avenue. S p. m. Rehearsal of "Columbia Triumphant la Peace." lecture hall. Public Library. 8 p. Amusements. Nalonal-"The Girl From Utah." 5:15 p. m National Elmendorf lecture, 4:30 p. m. Helaaco "A Pair of Slxea." 8:20 p. in. Belaeco Edward S. Curtie. Indian Dram 4:30 p m. .... i Columbia "Our Nairy In 1815," motion rlc tures. 2 and 8:15 p. m. Columbia New York Symphony OrchesTR. 4:30 p. pi. ... Poll's "T.ie Big Idea," 2:15 anJ 8:15 p. tn B F. Kelth'a Vaudeville, ?:16 and 8:15 p. m. Cosmos Vaudeville (continuous). Caalno Vaudeville (continuous). Gayety Burlesque, 2:i5 und 8:15 p. m. MaJestlJ Burlesque, K:15 p. m, Crand11's Photoplays. 11 a. mvto 11 p. m Strand Photoplays, 10 a. in. to It . p. m Garden Photoplajs, 10 a. in. to 11 p. in. Arcade Dancing, p. m. to 12 p. m. Tomorrow. Concert, Friday Morning Club, banquet hall. Raleigh. 11 a. m. Meeting, Sunshine Society, parlor, Raleitfh. Meeting." Women's Interdenominational Mis slonary Union, lecture hall, Public Library. Mteting.' Federal Suffrage Association. If ture hall. Public Library. 8 p. m. Masonir-St John's. No. 11; Hope, No . Stansburv. No. 24. Eureka, No. 4; apltol No. 11; Takoma, No. 12: Cathedral. N" 1 St. John's IdBe. No 18. Eastern Star. Odd Fellows Central. No. 1; Metropolis. Mi 16- Phoenix. No. 2S; Martha Washington, No. 3- Dorcas, No. 4, Hrbckahs. Knights of I'ythlas-Syracusljiiis No. 10. Rathbone Superior. No. 29; Rothbonc-lem-ple. No. 8. Pythian Sisters Woodmen of the World-Georgetown Cinr.sv National Unton-Et'rn Washington Coi. ell. McKinlev Council. Poclallst-Local Central Washington Dai ce Frldav Evening Club. Cabinet Hoc-, New Wiuara. s i. " Subscription dance, ball room New Wlllar. 8 P. m. Ilt.i.,rulu1 tnlK. Sunnv Florida and San Juan, Terminal wm i, . , . east end of Union Station. 3:30 and 7 n m Meeting! ! District Socialist Union. 63J UtKlitUt street northeast, 7:30 p m. Turkey supper, representatives of 21 Prcsbr- terlan Christian Endeavor Societies, Lt InKton Presbyterian Church. 6:30 p in. Address. "The Open Mind." Dr darn H'4- I..VV-; Women's Alliance. All fouls' Chun-h. Address "The Trial of Jesus." PonKresinnn Walter M. Chandler, of New York, lefore Mississippi Society, Confederate Memorial Hall, 1322 Vermont avenue northwest, S p Address, "Military Surgery," Dr Luther 11 nelrhelderfer. National Society of Keen Wells, fit John's parish hall, 8 p. m Msetlng, Auxiliary No. 4, Sons of Veterans a. A R Hall. 1412 Pennsvlvanla aen.i' northwest. S p. m Banquet. Cornell Club of Washington, I lit versltv Club. 8 p m Banquet, Boilermakers. Iron Ship nulllers and Helpers' of America, Ixv-nl l,oig, No 4U, 2'aw Masonic Tampls, 1:20 p. ra. Hnin" ' . t,i,..... v U , A Aim im kmtJvli cars II