THE WASHINGTON TIMES: SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1915.
Crank Explodes Bomb to Blow up, Capitol' Tells of His Apt in Letter to Times
WRECKAGE WROUGHT IN CAPITOL ROOM
BY CRANK'S INFERNAL MACHINE
UPHELD BY COURT
IN AMI CASE
Decision Grows Out of District
Attorney's Suit Against
Owners of Hotel.
,., ii i '... , . i . , M.m mi i"
curred was registered in the main office of the telephone
Although the Capitol police knew, nothing of the let
ter received by The Times today, the general opinion en
tertained by Chief of Capitol Police Loifthn is that the re
ception room was wrecked by a small time-fuse bomb,
placed in the northernmost booth of the line of telephone
cabinets by somebody who had made himself familiar with
the lay of the land in the Capitol.
The chief of police believes that whoever set the bomb
should the cause of the explosion turn out to have been
an infernal machine was particular to choose a place
wheih at the time set for the explosion would be unten
anted. He also thinks that if an infernal machine, was used,
it was placed in the reception room sometime 'yesterday
afternoon, and not after the building was closed, when it
would have been difficult for him to have made hi way
about the building unnoticed.
"Of course an investigation by the experts may total
ly disprove the ideas which the police now entertain as to
the origin of the outrage," said Captain Louthan. "But it
seems to me to have been the result of a desire on some
body's partmerely to make a sensational demonstration."
That one of the Capitol watchmen narrowly msised
being in the reception room at the time of the blast became
F. G. Jones, watchman on the first floor, almost direct
ly beneath the spot which "today is a mass of debris and
wreckage, at 11 :30 o'clock asked his partner, George Gun,
to go to the reception room and close the windows. Gun
did so, and had been back downstairs but a few minutes,
according to Jones, when the explosion occurred.
HURLED FROM C HAIR, STUNNED.
"I wai hurled from my chair, half
stunned." said Jones today. "At first
I thought the dome had gone. As soon
as I could, I rushed to a telephone and
called the superintendent of the build
ing, Mr. Woods, and the chief of po
lice. The roar of Hie explosion which oc
curred In the southwest corner of the
reception room, an apartment about
70 feet long and IB feet wide, was felt
as far downtown as the Iostoffice
Department. Originating apparently
In the northermost booth of the line
of telephone cabinets, which stand
along one side of the room, the blast
wrecked the booths, tore a gaping
hole In the masonry beneath a near
by window, and scattered the place
An Immense mirror between the
northern wall windows was shattered
to bits. One of the big prism chan
dallers suffered the loss of many of
its pendants. A pannel was blown
from one of the oaken benches with
which the room Is furnished.
The door leading Into the office of tin
Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate was
damaged by tho explosion, and two
doors at the entrance to the rooms of
the senate District Committee were
Large billets of wood and finely pow
dered glass were blown far out Into the
corridors, and showers of the glass
rancd down the elevator shafts.
The Interior of the reception room to
day presents a spectacle of wreck and
luln. although the Superintendent of the
Capitol, finding that no structural dam
age was acomplished, believes that the
loss will not amount to more than SI ,000.
The discovery of a quantity of cotton
waste back of the wreckage of tho wall
partition, near the wrecked telephone
booths, is tho only point upon which
any theory of spontaneous combustion
might be built, and In the face of the
letter, purporting to clear the mystery,
little credence Is given to the Idea that
combustion was the cause of the ex
plosion. To determine definitely the. cause, Be
fore going further In the Investigation,
the wrecked room was closed and a
strong guard was placed at all doors.
Only Investigators from the Chesapeake
and Potomac Telephone Company were
permitted to enter the room, and every
thing was left as It was until Dr.
Charles E. Monroe, of eGorge "Wash
ington University, an expert on ex
plosives, could reach the Capitol to
make an Investigation.
Dr. Monroe was called In after the
explosion in 1S98. during the Snanish-
Ainerlcan war, when tho Supremo
Court loom of the Capitol and the
section of the building immediately
adjoining was damaged to the extent
Dr. Monroe reported that that ex
plosion was caused by a break In
, the Capitol gas main, which sup
plied the upper floor.
From tho twisted heaps of debris, the
fragments of glass, brlck-ust and
plaster, which fitter the Senate recep
tion room, Pro'f. Munroe Is this after
noon endeavoring to Isolate some bit of
evidence to tell him .the cause of tho
After a twelve hour Investigation
Superintendent Elliott Woods of tho
Capitol. Just prior to the time when
he and Dr. Munroe began their latest
search for evidence, declared that ho
mid his men are still In the dark as to
the nature of the force which wrecked
the reception room.
There Is Just one small clue which
may or may not have a bearing upon
the problem set for the explosive ex
pert to solve.
Battery Cell Found. '
This clue is a chloride of silver bat
tel y ceJJ, It was picked up this
morning fully 100 yards from tho
scene of the explosion, In the grass
bordering the nortli drive In tho
Capitol grounds. It is a battery cell,
tho nature of which would havo
made it uselul in dotonatlng it bomb
such as Is supposed to have been
the cause of tho wreckage In the re
From the location In which It was
THE WEATHER REPORT.
District of Columbia Partly cloudy to
night and Sunday: probably local thun
der showers; not much change In tem
perature; light, vurlablo winds.
Maryland Partly cloudy tonight and
Sunduy; probably local thunder show
rrs' not much change In temperature;
light variable winds.
VirginiaProbably local thunder show
ers tonight and Sunday; moderate,
I S. BL'ntJAU.
S a. m 76
ia. m 77
10 a. m ?2
U a m S2
S a. m
'J a. m
10 a. m
11 a. m
. ...1:41 Sun sets.
High tide 12-55 n ni and 1 IS p. m.
Low tide 7 .21 a. m. and 7 II p. m.
LJght automobile lamps nt SiO" p.m.
found the Investigators do not be
lieve it impossible that It may have
been blown through one of the
wrecked windows at tho time of tho
blast. Upon the supposition that tho
cell might have been one used in
coniiectlon with the ordinary mech
anism of the telephone booths In
the loom, all of which were wrecked
together with a small switchboard,
the telephone company was com
municated with. From them the In
formation was obtained that no bat
tery colls were in use in the lecep
tion room telephone equipment.
Mr. Wood, la not prone to att-h
a great deal of Importnnr-.j to a
finding of the coll. He docs believe,
however, that the explosion exerted
a terrllic force, although the break
age It caused was largulv superficial.
Explosion Not Confined.
"Thi ljsht damage mav be eplaln
ed by tho fact that tho two doorways
to tho 100m were open, "onne.-tlng It
witn tlif corridor, so uiai me ex-plosl-'i
was not as closely confined
as it intrht htive been, peimlttlnff Its
force tu expend Itself without doing
a great deal of harm." said Superin
"Do lou suonose that It could have
possibly been due to an accumulation
of gas?" he was asked.
"I do not think so. Immediately
after arriving at the building I made
a personal tour of the corridors, both
above ground and In the basement, ami
I found no evidence of any kind that
would help" me In fixing the cause of t-o
Superintendent Woods was asked con
corning tho statement accredited to
some of the police officers who wern
on duty at the time Uiat they smellea
traces of detonated powder. He re
plied: "I heard the statement, r do not
know of my own knowledge that such
traces were present. The slight oaoi
which wag apparent Immediately arier
the explosion may havo originated from
a pile of rubbish whioh was beginning
to take fire when the police arrived."
Chief of Capitol Police Louthan, fol
lowing an additional Investigation as
to the moements of his men last night.
doclared'himself satisfied that the forc
was in no way guilty of negligence aim
that every precaution which the police
have established to keep cranks nut
of the building after hours was faltn
In discussing the possibilities so tar
as the nature of the explosion is con
cerned, before he began hla Investiga
tion, Prof. Munroe admitted that If tno
explosion were, caused by a bomb, and
If tho bomb used was of the detonator
variety It would be possible for tne
explosive to annihilate all visible
traces of its presence.
The only fact established hy the
Investigation thus far Is that last
night's explosion was not caused by
teiepnone wires, reiopnone company
lnbatlga,tnrs cleared the debris ln
the telephone booth and dlscovred
that there was nothing which could
havo caused an explosion.
Telephones oNt Blamed.
D. S. Porter, division manager of tho
Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone
Company, said after today's Investiga
tion that he was unable to account for
the explosion, but that It was definitely
determined the telephone system could
not be blamed
The wrecked telephone exchange In
tho corner of tho room was a private
fcystcm. separate from the main Capitol
exchange .which supplies the Capitol
and Senate and House Office buildings.
The main system was not damaged by
tho explosion, and not a telephone was
placed out of commission except those
whose wires were torn from the re
ceivers by the force of the explosion.
it is wen Known, teiepnone company
officials said, that wires carrying elec
tricity do not explode, cross wires
may cause fire, which, coming Into con
tact with gas, might cause an explosion.
So far as the telephone- company In
vestigators were able to learn there
wore no cross wires that could even
havo caused a spark In the Capitol re
Superintendent Woods also shattered
tho ga stheory when he sntd that there
haa been no gas piped Into the Capitol
since November 20. JWS .after tho gas
explosion In the Supreme Court room.
The Capitol has been lighted exclusive
ly by electricity since then, ho said,
Gas Theory Shattered.
Superintendent Woods moved to his
office today an ornamental French
clock which rested on a mantle In tho
Senato reception room and the hands of
which had stopped t 11:37 last night.
The clock was not believed to be ac
curate, how over, and 11:40 is still ac
cepted as tho official hour of the ex
plosion. The heavy glass over the lace of the
clock was shatteied, and there was a
deep abrasion on tho faco of the clock,
Indicating that it had been struck a ter
rific blow by flying debris.
Alarmed by the explosion, Capitol
officials today gave orders to gulden
and watchmen to enforce more rig
orously the regulations prohibiting
Capitol visitors from carrying pack
hges Into the building. This regula
tion has been operative for years,
but It has not been generally en
foued. Today all visitors were topped at
lite door and were compelled to check
pacuages of all descriptions before
Superintendent Woods continued the
Investigation at the Capitol until nearly
daylight before going home for a brief
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ISMP 11 ilk t A9fffry rifk2.
Only photograph taken
reBt. He returned to the Capitol before
noon to resume charge of the Investiga
tion. Windows Examined.
Main Interest In the explosion was di
rected at the two north windows of the
Senate wing of the Capitol opening Into
the wrecked reception room. The win
dow farthest west Is but a few feet oft
a balcony extending over tho north en
trance. It was plainly apparent that a
bomb could have been thrown Into the
.rqoro hy a man standing on the north
It developed today that this window
had been opened until a short time be
fore the explosion. Guards making
their rounds had been In the reception
room lust a short time before the ex
plosion, and noticed that the window
nearest the balcony was raised while
the other window in the room was
Both Windows Shattered.
Both windows were shattered and
the wooden framework was partially
blown out and splintered. '
Hundreds of tourists crowded into
tho Capitol corridors today. Thoy
were not prevented from going
through the building, but they were
not permitted to enter the wrecked
last"fight to save
becker on 3 points
W. Bourke Cockran to Make Plea
to U. S. Supreme Court Next
Week for Writ of Error.
NCW YORK. July 3.-The legal
premises on which counsel for Charles
Becker will apply to the United States
Supreme Court for a writ of error to
save him from electrocution on July 28
allege three specific grounds.
Martin T. Manton. In making public
the last plan of defense, said that W.
Bourko Cockran would make the argu
ment for the writ before a Justice of the
Supreme Court In Washington some
time next week.
The grounds for the proposed legal
action, which have been the cause of
much speculation ever since the an
nouncement that the tight for Becker's
me woum De continued in the united
States Supreme Court, are:
first. That the newspaper notoriety
given the case prior to the trial preju
diced the defendant's case.
Second. That the application for a
change of venue was refused without a
Third. That the defendant's constitu
tional rights are being violated, inas
much as the law allows In all capital
cases, as a last resort, a review of the
case before an unbiased person.
Mrs. Ella N. Irwin
Dies in California
The death of Mrs. Ella X. Irwin, at
the age of sixty, occurred yesterday at
tho home of her daughter, Mrs. A. F.
Lcnzen. in San Jose, Cal. She Is sur
vived by three daughters, Mrs. Hoscoo
B. Brookbank. of this city, Mrs. Lcn
zen, and Mrs. John B. Moon, of Port
With her husband, Mrs. Irwin was
one of the pioneer residents of the Eck
Ington section of this city Through
their efforts came the founding of tho
Kcklngton Presbyterian congregation
and tho building of tho present edlflco
at Noi in Capitol street and Florida
Funeral plans have not been com
pleted, but It Is believed that following
services In San Jose tho body will be
taken to Greenfield, Ohio, for Interment
In the family plot nt that place.
Commutation of Hicks'
The Department of Justice toda for
warded to the White House n recom
mendation for commutation of sentence
In the case of Robert E. Hicks, a New
York Bowery mloslon worker, who re
cently confesued to a crime flfteon years
old. and gave himself up to the police.
The President will act on the recom
mendation when he returns from
ahowiuK eft cct of explosion in Senate reception room made and authorized by the Gorcrnmcnt.
WINDSOR, Vt., July 3. The corps of nine secret service men
attending President Wilson here today took additional precau
tions to guard the Executive, following detailed reports from
Washington of the bomb explosion that wrecked part of the
Senate chamber early this morning.
Chief Joseph Murphy will ride in the President's automobile at all
times until the vacation is over and three of his men will be in
No person who is not known to have business inside the grounds
will be allowed about the entrance of Harlakcnden house.
HENRY JURY UNABLE
Twelve Men Sent Back After All
Night Session, Still Fail to
Xo agreement has yet been reached
In the case of John William Henry,
former head of Lewis Johnson & Co.,
charged with embezzling checks
amounting to 111.6S9 from Mrs. Isabell
Barkllc. of Wayne, Pa.
The Jury, which took the case under
deliberation at 1 o'clock yesterday aft
ernoon, was called Into Criminal Court
No. 2 by Justice Slddons at 10 o'clock
this morning and asked If a verdict
had been reached. The foreman re
plied negatively, and added in response
to a query by the court that no fur
ther Instructions ns to the legal points
Involve were desired.
Justlfe Slddons remained In his
chambers until after 12-30 o'clock
this afternoon, and then went to
unch, suylng he would return later
In the afternoon and again call the
Jury into court.
When the Jury roturned to Its room
this forenoon the court suggested
that" it was not necessary in his
opinion to express the desirability of
the twelve men arriving at a "deflnlto
Ban on Crown Prince
Is Social, Not Military
LONDON, July 3. For the first time
tu several months the name of tho Ger
man Crown Prince Is mentioned In the
official leport of the German headquar
ters staff. The report tells of a battle
In the Argonne. where the German
forces were led by the Kaiser's eldest
It Is considered probable here that the
lack of mention of the Crown Prince In
tho reports for the last few- months,
which gave rlso to rumors that he was
either dead or badly wounded, has been
due to tho social stigma said to be at
tached to him on account of his aliena
tion from tho Crown Princess.
Tho absence of the Crown Prince's
name from tho reports has been regard
ed as a mysterv outside of Germany,
hut a correspondent who has Just re
turned from Berlin, says there is not
oven a hint of mystery there In that
connection, and that there has never
been the slightest doubt that he was
with his army at the front In France.
Raises Prize Chickens.
DALLAS, TEX., July 3.-Speaklng
about swell chickens, Texas 1b now en
gaged In raising 'em. But they're the
kind you eat not eat with and thy're
being sent out by the train load dally
ror consumption on ine irav wnue way,
Frisco and elsewhere. Thousands ot
dollars is netted annually to Texas tn
1U chick Industry.
Executive Departments, Bu
reaus, and Government
Plants Closed at 1 Today.
All executive departments and Inde
pendent bureaus of the Government In
Washington, as well as Its manufactur
ing establishments, were closed by 1
o'clock today, and Uncle Sam s workers.
as well as those of tho District, are
hieing away for the longest week-end
holiday of the season.
All Government establishments, m
cludlng the Library of Congress, ano
practically erery business house in the
Capital.-will be closed Monday.
Navv yard employes and those at the
nureau of Engraving and Printing wore
teleascd nt noon, the bureau employes
getting their first half hollda ol tho
year. The departments and bureaus
did not close until 1 o'clock.
Many Government workers, from
Cabinet mebers to charwomen, took tho
full day off. which gives them three
days' continuous holiday with but half
a day charged against their annual
leave. Thnmnil. lAff t- ,.Dihni.. .i
mount!,. - h. .... ' i .,.'
h..-T.J- ". ..... uwicr,
thousands are planning short trips for i
the evening anf Sunday at nearby re
sorts, and a return to the Capital for
the Independence Day celebrations
Besd.e the Cabinet members and
assistant secretaries .vlto are out of
Washington, olther for the week-end
or a more extended vacation, every
member of tho Federal Trade Com
mission, with the exception of Com
mlssloner Parry, is out of town on
All divisions of the Library of Con
gresis Including the copyright di
vision, were closed at 1 o'clock, to
remain clot-ed with the exception of
tho divisions composing the Sunday
anrt holiday service until Tuesday
Beginning today, and continuing
until October, the ofilcn of tho cleilt
of tho Dlbtrlct Supreme Court will bo
closed on Saturdays at noon, as will
the oflicc of the register of wills.
Central American Locusts
At War on Bananas
KINGSTON, Jamaica, July 3. News
received here Indicates that the locust
Invasion In Central A"erlca s becom
ing serious The bunana estates of
Costa Rica are suffering heavily.
The Jamaica government report fr
the past fiscal year shows that Jamai
ca's trade has been molng steadily
toward the United States.
Tho colony Is still actively recruiting
hundreds of volunteers for the war.
Conferences With Ambassador
Dumba Took Plaoe Without
Another story of remarkable confer
ences between William J. Bran, former
8.cretary of State, and Dr. Dumba, the
Austrian ambaicador, gained currency
The Providence Journal Is sponsor for
the stoiy, which attracted wide notice.
Neither at tho White House nor at the
State Department was theie comment
It Is said that after the nofe of Febru
ary 10. Mr. Bryan saw Ambassador
Dumb at least three times at the State
Department and twice at the Bryan
The note of President Wilson and sub
marine warfare were discussed and at
the last meeting the Austrian ambassa
dor took with him a document which
he considered to be the attitude of the
Administration In connection with the
note as outlined to him by Bryan.
Presented To Bryan.
This memorandum was presented to
Bryan In typewritten form. In It were
Germany is willing to discon
tinue submarine attacks on vessels
aboard which It Is known there
are United States citizens unless
such vessels are known to be
carrying1 contraband of war. -
That provision be made for such
Proclamation to be Issued by the
President of the United States ad
vising United States citizens that
the niut not in the future take
,,ussage aboe.id vessels sailing un-
der a belligerent flag which are
carrinp contraband cither from
the United States or elsewhere.
It I alleged Mr. U--yan agreed with
the Austrian ambassador that It this
were put up to Presldont Wilson In tho
torm outlined It would bo accepted.
Ambassador von BcrnstortT was notl
ed and he took up the matter with tn
Oerman foreign office. He was Instruct
ed to see the President and agree lo
the term. It was not until von Bern
storff laid the plan betoro the Presi
dent that the latter knew anything
It Is alleged the document containing
the agreement Is on file with the Oer
man and Austrian embassies and wltn
the Berlin foielgn oltlce.
The circumstantial naturo of the
story. It Is expected, will compel a
statement from Mr. Bryan who Is on
his wav to San Francisco.
Unless the story Is disproved, (t will
put Bryan In the attitude of attempting
to settle the submarine problem without
consulting be President.
Pennsy's Movie Censors
Upheld by Supreme Court
PHILADEPHIA. July 3.-The Stat
Board of eCnsors, created for the pur
pose of regulating moving pictures Alms,
was upheld by the supreme court today
Tho apeal of moving picture concerns
which attacked the constitutionality or
the act creating the board was dis
An opinion upholding the constitu
tionality of the so-called Kenyon antl
redllght law was handed down tode
by Justice McCoy, of the District flu'
The decision grows out of a suit filed1
by District Attorney Laokey against
the Qwners and occupant of the AAArd
more Hotel, 516 Thirteenth street
northwest, for a decree to enforce the
provisions of the act, following several
arrests by the police "vice squad."
Testimony as to the character of the
hotel was given at the final hturlng
of the case, among the witnesses beln
several women who had been arrested
In the place In company with men.
Closed As Nuisance.
An Injunction to prevent the use of
the hotel for Immoral purposes, and a
decree closing it as a "nuisance" for a
period of one year were sought by
Prosecutor Laskey in his suit. It was.
contended by counsel for the defend
ants that the statute authorised the
taking of property without due process
of law, or resulted In the taking of the
property for public use without com
ieneatlon. After quoting at length from a de
cision of the United States Supreme
Court, Involving a Kansas act permit
ting the closing of places where Intoxi
cating liquors were sold, Justice McCoy
Exercise of Power.
"Wc have It established then by the
Supreme Court that a valid exercise of
the police power does not Involve the
taking of private property for public
use without compensation and that a
suit In equity is due process of law for
the abateemnt of a nuisance when the
person knowingly maintaining the nuis
ance is made a party. Tho defendants
were themselves violating the law.'
The courts adds that "that a common
nuisance may be abated summarily Is
not to be questioned nor can It bo
doubted that anythln? which of itoelf
is such a nuisance may be destro cd."
FOR HOLIDAY CROWD
Additional Attractions Offered
at Most Glen Echo Chief
Among Pleasure Places.
Great preparations are being made
by the manageis of the various pleas
ure resorts In and about Washington
for the entertainment of large ciowds
on Monday. Additional attractions will
be featured at most of the rcsortc.
Chief among the pleasure places will
be Glen Echo, with its numerous de
lccs for fun and enjoyment. A lih Its
picnic groves, large playgrounds for
the children, canoeing and boating on
the canal, and fishing on the river.
Glen Echo will proe an Ideal place lor
families, and parties to spend the en
tire day. The amusements will run
from morning until night.
Dancing at Glen Echo Is getting moro
popular ever daj. Under stilct cen
sorship, the dancing pallion 13 one
of the most popular places in the park.
This, however, docs not mean that the
crowds desert the roller coaster, tlylng
horses, midway, and numerous ci
Beaches Ready For Cro-.rdi.
Big crowds are expected at Colonial
Beach. In addition to the trip whlcn
the steamer St. Johns will make to
'Washington's Atlantic City" torla,
there will be a boat at D o'clock tomor
row morning and again at 9 o'cIock
Another popular water resort, for
which great preparation has been made
for over the Fourth, is Chesapeake
Beach, on Chesapeake Bay. In addition
to tho other amusements, crabbing and
bathing arc among the chief attractions
at the beach. There Is free dancing In
the afternoon and evening. Trains to
th beach run at frequent Interval,
the schedule being printed in full in
another column of the Tlme6
To those who enjoy a short sail down
the Potomac and a few hours or a day s
outlngon the cool and shady shore.
Marshall Hall offers a strong appeal.
Three special trips will be made Sunday
and Monday by the Steamer Charles
Cacalester. A feature of the celebra
tion will be patriotic concerts by
Shroeder's Band. Attractions at Mar
shall Hall Include tho dlp-the-dlp, skee
ball alleys, kiddles' playground, and a
brilliant electrical display at night.
Special Excursion Trains.
Great Falls, on the upper Potomac, is
another popular resort near Washing
ton, while further away (s Blucmont, n
tho Blue Hldgo mountains. Special -x-cuiblon
trains will be run to both placos
tomorrow and Monday by the Washing
ton and Old Dominion railway.
At Great Falls there Is camping, fish
ing, and outdoor sports. In addition to
the popular amusements usual to xucli
resorts. There aie large plcnlo grounds,
while nt night the falls arc brilliantly
Manv citizens of the Capital are plan
nlng to 0 to the Bluo Ridge mountains
to spend tho Fourth. The WashlnKton
nnd Old Dominion railway will run spe
cial excursion to Bluemont. Va.. for
, elei trie trains, to leave Thirty-sixth
and M streets northwest at 8, 9, 9 30 and
10:30 'clock Sunda morning, and at
7:1S, 903, and 11 o'clock Monday morn
ing. Mother-in-Law as Legacy.
NEW BRUNSWICK. N. J. July 3.
A mothcr-ln-law was bequeathed to
John Whlr'i,an, his wife's will directing
that hn h I, always make a home for
her mother If he does not the mother
Is to bring suit for sixteen years' sal
ary as a domestic.
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