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Fair tonight; Sunday cloudy.
(Full Report on Pago Two.)
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 24, 1915.
PRICE ONE CENT.
NOTE IS FINAL;
RIGHTS OF U.S.
Protest to Germany Foreshad
ows Extra Sesion of Con
gress and Break in Relations
If Policy Is Continued.
Situation Considered Here as
Delicate, Uncertain, and
DangerousNext Step "Up
Nothing less grave than breaking
off diplomatic relations with Ger
many and the calling of Congress
in extra session is foreshadowed
by the tone of the new note to Ger
many, made public today, if Ger
many elects to proceed with that
policy at sea which resulted in the
sinking of the Lusitania.
Verging close to the language of
ultimatums, despite the tone of
friendliness that runs through it,
the fourth note to Germany deal
ing with neutral rights, puts it
squarely up to Germany to keep
within the confines of international
law where non-combatant Ameri
can life is concerned and gives
warning of the consequences.
Through' the new document which nan
been presented to the German rorelgn
office -the re runs an ominous attain ot
finality which haa been lacking in tne.
previous representations of this Gov
ernment. The climax of the note Is reached In
the two concluding words. Deliberate
ly unfriendly," the German government
is told, will be the view taken by this
nation of further naval acts In viola
tion ot American rights when they ar
fect American citizens.
It is significant that the German gov
ernment is admonished as to "repeti
tion" of acts affecting American lire in
violation of international law. This
amounts to saying that this Government
will rely for settle of past offenses on
diplomatic exchanges, but that Germany
must not transgress In the future.
Not less striking than thewords "de
liberately unfriendly" as used by the
President and the Secretary of State Is
the declaration that this Government
will continue to contend for freedom or
the seas "trom whatever quarter vio
lated, without compromise and at any
The general view taken here today
is that, if sentences are to be construed
for what thev mean on their face, the
expressions which have been used by
this Government after long and careful
study and counsel among the leading
advisers of the White House, mean that
ff Germany further Infringes on the
rights of American life at sea talk will
cease and theie will bo a resort to other
Furthermore, despite a view In some
auarters. that the Administration will
not back up its words, there is no real
reason to doubt that the President has
chosen his eround with deliberation and
that he has no Intention of abandoning
Considered in anv sano fashion, It Is
impossible to escape the conclusion that
the situation which is now arrived at
as between this country and Germany Js
at once delicate, uncertain and danger
ous. Despite the calmness prevailing here,
it would not bo eas to recall when the
country, since the Spanish conflict, has
been closer to war.
The United States, by the new note,
unquestionably has put Itself in an atti
tude where It must stand by Its words
or, by back tracking, make Itself
ridiculous in the eyes of the world and
make the Administration ridiculous in
the eyes of the country.
All Rests With Kaiser.
The question whether crave trouble is
avoided, then, simply rests with Ger
many. Will the German government
direct Its submarine commanders to
exercise visit and search and to refrain
from sinking merchant ships without
w.vnlng? It is not essential for Ger
many to promise this, provided it is
done in fact.
What course Germany will choose is a
mere conjecture. Officials hero are in
the dark. It Is not expected there will
be early reply to the new note from
Germany and so It is believed that
events will be the real ansuer.
Full Text of Note en Page Six.
Private Bank Fails,
President Kills Self
FCnT WORTH. July .-President
E. C. Bnldridge of the Port Woith Sav
ings Bank and Tiust Company, a pri
nte hank, committed sulcli'o by tdinot
ing. today, ufter his instiution liad been
placed In a receiver's hand
The city was the bank's heaviest depositor
Free Dancing at Great Falls, Va. AdvU
'Spy' on Warship
An American Tar
"Plot" To Sink Destroyer Ex
plained; Sailor Forgot To
Turn Off Water Tap.
PHILADELPHIA. July 24.-"Ground-less
and easily explained" was the way
officials at the League Island navy yard
today answered questions concerning the
publication of a story to the effect that
a European "spy" attempted to sink the
United States destroyer Ericsson at a
New York shtp-bulldlng company wharf
Tuesday night by opening her seacocks.
A seaman, after washing down the
deck Tuesday, officials said, carelessly
neglected to turn off a water tap prop
erly. The blunder was not discovered
until early Wednesday morning, when
the warship was seen to havo settled
in club bar case
Assistant Corporation Counsel
Announces Court of Appeals
Will Review Case.
Announcement that Justlco Charles
H. Robb, of the Court of Appeals, haa
allowed the petition for a writ of error
in the Metropolitan Club case, filed by
the office of the corporation counsel,
following the decision of the Police
Court, was made by F. H. Stephen,
assistant corporation counsol, today.
Justice Robb's decision is regarded as
a decisive victory for the corporation
counsel's office in the conduct of the
prosecutions of establishments operating
under licenses issued by the Excise
Had the writ been refused it would
have ended the prosecution In the Po
lice Court of all cases similar to that
of the Metropolitan Club, such as re
late to the maintenance of barrooms in
clubs, apartments, hotels and ordinary
cnloons In residential districts and on
the side of a square where less than
GO per cent of the frontage is used for
Prosecutions to determine the ques
tion of distances between bar rooms
and places of religious worship will be
begun by Assistant Corporation Coun
sel Stephenailn the Police Court Wed-
730 Fourteenth street, northwest, tnd
John J. Daly, 808 Sixth street north
west. It is alleged by Assistant Corporation
Counsel Stephens that Schrlner'a place
is within too feet or tno New York Ave
nue Presbyterian Church. Daly's sa
loon is alleged to be within 400 feet
of the Central I'nlon Mission, which
the Assistant Corporation Counsel
claims Is a ''house of religious wor
ship" within the meaning of the law.
The statute provides that no saloon
or bar room, other than In hotels and
clubs, shall be licensed within 40 feet
of any public school house, college, or
university, or house of religious wor
ship, "measured between the nearest
entrance to each by the shortest course
of travel "
In making its measurements the Ex
cise Board claims that It was gov
erned by the traffic regulations, which
provide that "pedestrians should avoid
interference with traffic, and to this
end should not step from the sidewalk
without looking to see what is ap
proaching; should cross the street at
right angles, preferably at a regular
crossing at the end of a block, and
where a traffic policeman is stationed
and wait for his signal."
SENT CHIP CLARK
Several Missives Also 'Received
by House Clerk, Protesting
Threatening letters, bearing skulls
and crosshones. and protesting against
the shipment of munitions to the allies,
have been received by Speaker Champ
Clark and South Trimble, clerk of the
House of Representatives. Mr. Trimble
said todav he had received not one, but
several letters of a threatening nature
The police of Buffalo notified Mr.
Trimble some time ago to be on the
lookout for a threatening letter ad
dressed to Speaker Clark. Mr. Trimble
did not know how the Buffalo authori
ties had learned that such a letter was
in the mails, but said that the missive
arrived as the latter had forewarned.
"I have received a number of letters
written In red ink and bearing cross
bones ojid other signs usually attached
to throats of death within the last
month." said Mr. Trimble. "I do not
pav much attention to them, however,
as in most instances they are evidently
written by cranks."
Major Kutz to Spend
His Vacation in Maine
Major Charles W. Kutz. Engineer
Commissioner, will leave tomorrow for
a three weeks' vacation at Great Dia
mond Island, Casco Bay, Me., where
his family Is spending the summer.
During his absence Capt. Julian It.
Schley, Assistant Engineer Commis
sioner will act as Engineer Commissioner.
BAM RAGESWILSON FIRM EXCURSION BOAT SINKS,
FIVE HUNDRED DROWN,
MANY OTHERS MISSING
ALONG MF FOR MILITARY
NAREW RIVER PREPAREDNESS
Russians Making Desperate
Stand North of Warsaw
BERLIN ADMITS CHECK
Mackensen's Sweep Against
Lublin-Cholm Railway Continues.
BERLIN' (via The Hague), July 24.
From Rozatfsouth toward Pultusk, Gen
eral von Hindenburg has begun a heavy
bombardment of the Russian lines of de
fense north of Warsaw along the left
bank of the Narcw river.
German troops nre making simulta
neous attacks on the enemy's positions
both north and south of Rozan, accord
ing to the last dispatches sent to Ber
lin. Their object Is to cross the Narew,
take the fortress of Rozan from the
rear, and drive the whole Russian line
back to the Bug.
Make Desperate Stand.
All dispatches today agree that the
Russians arc making a desperate stand
in an effort to savo Warsaw nnd their
whole line In Poland. It Is admitted
here that the Germans have suffered
somo checks on tho Blonle-Czcrsk line,
southwest of the capital, where tho
defenders occupy strong positions be
hind an elaborate system of dofenscs.
On the othon hand, official dispatches
report General Mackensen making
steady progress toward the Lublln
Cholm Railway, which may already be
In the hands of the Austro-Gcrmans.
Slopes of Mbuntain
Covered With German
Dead After Assault
PARIS, Julv 24.-The slopes of kittle
Relchaskerkonf" and smaller peak
east of Metzcral are carpeted with dead
and wounded, tho result of savage Ger
man attempts to retake the French po
sitions on the bights.
i.0?'0!81 ''lanatchcs this afternoon said
that the Germans are attacking at In
tervals of two hours. When one charge
is stopped by the French "blue devils,"
the German lino Is re-formed at the foot
of the hill, the gaps made by French
machine guns filled with fresh troops,
and after a short prlod of ret the
enemy again dashes up tho heights. The
official communique said that all atta.k3
thus far have been repulsed.
Bombardment of the French positions
around Souchez. Rhelms. and Solssons
continues. The German Crown Prince's
army is reported to be preparing for
fresh attacks around Verdun.
Italians Occupy Every
Strategic Position on
Ou -- - of Goritz
ROME. July 14. Unofficial dispatches
todav report that the Italians have
occupied all the strategic positions
around Goritz and are pouring In a
heavy Are upon the concrete works sur
roundinc the city.
North of Goritz, In the region cast of
Plava. an Italian force is attacking the
Austrian right flank and threatening to
squeeze the enemy forces back upon the
Isonzo. A heavy artillery engagement
continues at the Isonzo bridgehead.
COPENHAGEN. July 24.-A German
munitions steamer was blown up In the
North Sea off the Island of Mano, ac
cording to dispatches received here to
day. A heavy explosion was heard several
days agfk A fishing vessel put In last
night with bits of wreckage and pieces
of ammunition boxes. The steamer Is
believed to have been bound for the
Prussian Island of Sylt.
Secretaries of War and Navy
'Asked to Submit Full Reports.
CONFERENCE IN AUGUST
President Desires to Prevent
Tie-up at Washington and
Other Navy .Yards.
Two Important developments today
gave force to President Wilson's warn
ing to Germany that the I'nlted States
Is prepared to defend Its rights "at any
Formal announcement was made at
the White House that the President has
cnllcd on Secretary of War Garrison
and Secretary of the Navy Daniels for
full reports on the military preparedness
of the I'nlted States.
It was announced that the President,
In nn effort to prevent a tie-up of the
Important work now In progress at the
Washington navy yard, had communi
cated to the labor leaders, through Sec
tary Tumulty, his desire to have a per
sonal conference with representatives of
tho employes, after his return from
Cornish. He will return about August 1.
Caused By Threats.
The significance of tho latter move.
In demonstrating the President's desire
to put the I'nlted Slates on a strong
footing of national derense, Ilea in
the plain-spoken threats of the local
leaders that If their demands are not
compiled with employes in all the other
Government navy yaids and arsenals
would strike with them.
For months. Secretary of War Garri
son, who was the pioneer of the pres
ent Administration In the movement, for
better preparedness,, haa had officers
at the war Department at work locat
ing the weak spots Qf the army organi
sation and fnnpplng out a practical plan
whereby Congress when It convenes
may provide for the rapid organization
and training of a "citizen nrmy' ot
half a million men.
Daniels Aides Busy.
More recently Secretary Daniels haa
had his aides at work drawing plans
for new sea-fighters capable of coping
with methods of marine warfare such
ns those now employed In the European
conflict. In addition, he has launched
tho scheme of a civilian advisory board
of Inventors to project new devices for
naval warfare which will outclass those
of the European navies in deadly effec
tiveness. That the President should thus early
stimulate the national defense prepara
tions is taken in some quarters as mean
ing that he is not insensible to the fact
that the Issue with Germany may at
any time reach a point where he would
have to summon an extra session of
Congress to prepare for war.
Daniels Sees Great Need
Of Increase in Program
For Upbuilding of Navy
That Secretary of the Navy Daniels
expects Congress to provide for lib
eral Increase of the navy was made
Secretary Daniels Is at present at
Morchead, N. C. Through his secre
tary, the following statement was ob
tained trom there:
"Secretary Daniels said the Navy De
partment had had In Europe since the
beginning of the war, naval experts In
all branches of the service and from
their reports, as well as from what Is
(Continued on Second Page.)
Captain of Eastland
And Mate Arrested
Acting under a command of
Commissioner of Public
Works Burkhard, Deputy
Chief Schuettler arrested
Captain Pedersen and First
Schuettler intimated that there
had been a clash of authority
in the matter of the rescue
work between some boat of
ficers and the police.
It was said one of the former
had ordered the drillers to
stop cutting out the side
plates. Ten thousand or more persons
who crowded South Clark
street along which Captain
Pedersen and Fisher were
taken to headquarters at City
Hall, indulged in a near riot.
Before the twenty policemen
who Were escorting the men
could beat back the crowd,
two men had reached Peder
sen. One of them struck him
in the face.
RAIDED D SHERIFF
New Rifles and Ammunition
Seized Bayonne Food Situ
BAYONNE, N. J., July 24. The situa
tion in the Standard Oil strike is tense
to the point of breaking.
Sheriff Eugene F. Klnkead. wearied
by a hard night's work, admits It is
much like a powder barrel with a sput
"I'm at the limit of my resources un
less Governor Fielder sends troops," he
The strikers were aroused almost to
the breaking point by the raid on their
arsenal early today. In which the sher
iff's men captured more than fifty new
Springfield rifles and a quantity of am
munition. They bitterly protest that
the guards are allowed to keep their
rifles and do sniping.
Sheriff Klnkead this Afternoon warned
the executive officers of the Tidewater
Oil Company if any of their armed
guards fire on the crowd of striking
employes, except In defense of their
lives, he will make arrests.
"And when I sa In defense of their
lives, I do not mean In defense of the'r
property," the sheriff added. "I will
not tolerate reckless firing."
Arrangements were made today to
pay oft the 6,000 strikers who have
money due them from the Standard,
Vacuum, and Tidewater companies.
Added to the seriousness of the out
look is the food situation. Most of the
strikers earned from 9S cents to $2.25
a day for fourteen hours' work before
they went out. They have no surplus
to fall back on. The shopkeepers havo
been protesting that they must have
money for supplies.
Three hundred special deputies work
ing under Sheriff Klnkead at the Tide
water plant today urged the sheriff to
supply them with guns. The sheriff re
fused the request, and some of the
deputies declared thev would quit work
British Reoccupy Post
Of Sheik Hothman
LONDON. July S4 -British troops
operating near the Gulf of Aden have
re-occupled the post of Sheik Hothman
temporarily abandoned when the Brit
ish withdrew toward Aden, it was offl
daily announced today.
The Times New War Feature
The anniversary of the beginning of the war is at hand.
It has been a year of tremendous results, fortunate or unfortunate,
for each participant. The story of that year for Germany, France,
and England has been written for The Times by its own corres
pondents, men who have been in the field every day, men with
whom you are acquainted by reading their cabled dispatches. On
next Monday The Times will begin the publication of a series of
articles by these men entitled
One Year of the Great War
By Ed L. Keen
By C. W. Ackerman
By W. P. Simms
One Article From Each Man Each Day
In The Times Beginning Next Monday
Steamer Eastland Turns Turtle at
Pier in Chicago River With
Two Thousand on
MANY TRAPPED UNDER DECK
Women and Children Crushed to Death as
Panic-Stricken Passengers Rush to
Rail When Ship Starts
CHICAGO, July 24.-7Five hundred are known to
have been drowned, anefcsome apparently reliable estimates
place the death list at four figures, when the excursion!
steamer Eastland, sank here near her dock at the Clark
street bridge early today.
At 1 o'clock several plates had been cut into the up
turned vessel. A score of men were carrying out the bod
ies as fast as they go in and out.
The East Land, according to Captain Pedersen, was
carrying within seventy of her capacity of 2,070 souls.
The boat sank so quickly, due it is believed, to crowd
ing at the outer nil, that scores were carried undef and
are believed to have been crushed into the muddy bottom
by the boat's weight.
Scores were still imprisoned in the staterooms and
lower decks of the partially submerged boat two hours
after the accident.
Their screams and cries for help could be heard plainly
on shore above the noise of automatic and electro magnet
drills which were used to cut out the side plates of the ship.
Many of the victims were women and children. So
thick were the waters covered with human beings for an
hour after the Eastland sank, that rescuers passed by bod
ies that seemed to be motionless and drew out only those
showing obvious signs of life.
SEVERAL CAUSES FOR ACCIDENT.
Several causes were given for the accident. Captain
Pedersen declares that a broken "air chute" let in water that
resulted in the boat's careening.
William J. Plamondon, nephew of the Lusitania vic
tim, who vas a passenger, laid the accident to the system
of water ballast in vogue. This ballast, he said, was not to
be taken on until the boat had gone into the lake on her way
tc Michigan City.
The water where the Eastland sank is not more than
twenty feet deep. The upper side stuck three or five feet
above the water's edge. It is from staterooms ranged along
this side where many passengers were caught in a trap, that
cries for help came.
The rescue work was greatly retarded despite the
quick response from every boat that was near by, because
of the panic. Every available pulmotor was rushed to the
scene, but through lack of them many persons died on the
docks after being brought ashore.
Eye-witnesses corroborated the story told by Edward
Schaack, a commission merchant, and F. W. Willard, a
passenger on the Eastland. Schaack was some yards
from the dock when the boat went over.
He commandeered a large rowboat and paddled to
midstream . He dragged Willard from the water and with
him climbed to the boat's upturned side. The two drew
ninety passengers from below decks through a port hole.
Peter Horwich, a musician, went overboard with his violin
when the boat tipped. An unknown woman struggled in
the water, hanging to the violin when Horwich came up.
He managed to swim with the woman to shore.
MAN SAVES YOUNG DAUGHTER.
Caspar Lalind was a passenger with his wife, his son
Caspar, eight, and his daughter Cecelia, twelve. All were
separated when the outer rail went under. Swimming about
Lalind picked up his daughter and took her safely to shore,
within a foot of where his wife had landed. The boy is
The tragedy struck Chicago with a blow like that of
the Iroquois Theater disaster. Even after private auto
mobiles had augmented police patrols and ambulances there
were not enough vehicles to take the dead and dying to
All the big State street stores eliminated their de-