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THE WASHINGTON TBIESHSUNJY, JULY 2& :iM5.
8 PUBLISHED EVERY EVENINO Uncludlnirv8uridrt) By The'ashingtpn Times.'Comparty, THE MPN8I3v'n BUILDING. Penna. a. FRANKS. MUSEY, President H. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasurer. Ot Yeir(Includlnit Sundays), $1.50. BU MoMiig, tl.TB. Thre Month. Me. SUNDAYJfULY 25, 1915. NEW CROP-MOVINO WORRY Both Canada and the United States confront the problem of find ing ships to haul the agricultural surplus, and other objects df export trade, away to Europe. The Domin ion authorities report that, the new wheat crop is going to be about 200,000,000 bushels, which is nearly one-third larger than that of last year; and there are not vessels to carry it. They have been 'impressed' lor all kinds of extraordinary serv ice incident to the war, and to make up for the loss of German vessels from the seas, and the destruction of craft of other nations. As a result the Canadians are talking seriously of horving their government impress ships wherever they can be found, as a measure of military necessity, and use them to transport the wheat and other crops. Unless this is done, it ?3 alleged, there is going to be a serious disas ter to the agricultural community. It will be unable to turn its crop into money, or will be compelled to send great quantities to the Pacific ports and sell at greatly reduced prices Such a condition in Canada will, of course, find instant reflection in the United States; and it is one of the situations that add justification for the demand that Congress be brought back to its duties early. This country's business is quite suf ficiently disjointed without having the export trade embarrassed by lack of shipping. The war may last years, and the longer it lasts the more serious will become this prob lem of meeting an increasing de mand -for our products with a de creasing supply of ocean-going bot toms. ILLINOIS WOMEN WIN Woman suffrage may be regarded as definitely established in Illinois. It is, of course, a limited suffrage; but plenty inclusive enoueh to mak tlio ,.,.- j -j j j. . . """ lve meir nrsv loyally 10 a pos- affTf wldedJCtr in the'8ibly hostile power, are in the navy, affairs of the State. They mav vote i ... u ' u: : for all officials whose places are not created, by .the constitution of the State, and on all propositions not submitted under the constitution. This includes Congressmen, Sena tors, most municipal officials, etc. The legislature two years ago passed the law which grants this highly important measure of suf frage; and in the interim the women have made themselves a very im portant factor in the State, especial ly in their efforts to defeat undesir able legislation, to restrict the liquor traffic, and the like. From the beginning there was fear, however, that the legislature, which had been able to give this much, might also exercise its power to take away. The adoption of the suffrage measure in 1913 was a sur prise; there was concern lest reac tion should set in and induce the 1915 body to repeal the law. But the 1915 legislature has com pleted its work without doing any thing of the kind. Measures were introduced for repeal, and for vari ous restrictions upon the right; but none of them passed; and it is de clared that they failed quite as much 1,.ii,c , l:i-.. " . . ., " " , "k'b""-u wmuea mem to fail, as because they feared to wKiiiuv. iiiciuacives 10 sucn propos als. Some, of course, preferred not to make the issue lost, if the repeal aiw-uc uuicuieu, vney or meir parties should be punished by the women; but the majority, regardless of party, had decided that woman suf ""BC nao "' an mat mis podge nation? Can it be certain was as good a time to enter upon.that the great republic is not itself its regime as any other. Having the ,east nationalized of nations? So been given the indorsement of twolonf, as every day brl new testi successive legislatures, and the idea monies to the demoralization, the of women voting having got better ! disintegration, the hopeless lack of cDtuuuaiicu in me puouc mina, mere is increased assurance that future efforts at repeal will receive still less hospitable treatment. THE CASE OF THE BOER WAR A correspondent addresses to The Times an inquiry regarding the re cent article on this pace which Hnilf Wlfll fVio 1n 4-nv rf Tlfv. .U.! I and the traffic in munitions 'of war. ti, ,.r.urt. .,.. uv wi. ii.j& auyoi I am surprised thnt you have entirely overlooked the fact that when Great iTwhatTaMt "t.monoTf ?,fr greatest wins tho destruction of tho Boer Republic-she bought most of her arms and munitions fiom Germany and inai me aiuiuuo or Germany at that tlmo effectually estops h?r fiom mak luff any complaint now against similar conduct on tho part of neutrals. Our correspondent is entirely cor rect. Germany sold munitions of war to both sides; first to the Boers, so long as they were able to get the shipments into their country; then she thriftily shifted her business to the British side, and sold to it. The fact has been repeatedly referred to, however, editorially in The Times. it would be quite impossible to catalogue the cases in which ncu- trals have sold munitions to bcllig- erents. It would be far easier' to make a list of 'cases in which they i have not dona so.rf or "them Wnn lwin none such. The. .United Statea-has always sold munitions to''beliiger ents when ithad Iherii to'sell and the belligerents wanted them; other countries have always sold them to the United State's when this co&ntry was a belligerent and' wanted tolbuy. It is doubtful' if a case .could -be found in modern warfare of a coun try conducting a war entirely on its own resources of arms, ammunition, and general supplies. The charges to the contrary, which have received general circula tion in this country, are simply falsehoods, put out' by people who know them to be such. THE RBIQN OF ANARCHY Is there any place in the United States that may b.e. regarded as even reasonably secure against the trea sonable activities 'of people' deter mined to inflict industrial anarchy upon this country, to destroy its naval property, to terrorize its peo ple? That becomes daily a more mo mentous question. Preparedness to defend ourselves against a foreign enemy is no long er the paramount issue. Can we de fend ourselves against domestic treason and alien spies that have scattered themselves throughout the land? The battleship Oklahoma, it de velops, was much more seriously in- Jure by tne incendiary fire started aboard her; and this announcement is followed by the announcement that the destroyer Ericsson, lying in the Camden shipbuilding yard, was almost sunk as the result of the opening of her seacock at night. Only the most vigorous effort of the shipbuilding company officers saved the vessel. She was in a sinking condition when her plight was dis covered. There is ample familiarity with the tale, which Admiral Evans once wrote into a magazine article, about the cabin boy who had served aboard his vessel. The boy was a bright . and capable Japanese. Some years , later, going-. aboard a Japanese war-' ship to pay a call of ceremony, the American admiral was received in all state by that cabin-boy the com mander of the Japanese vessel! How many cabin boys and others who give their first loyalty to a pos- the army, the munitions factories, the powder mills, the shipyards, of this country? It is time that we knew more, facts. It is time to end all uncertainty. From the beginning of the reign of incendiarism, terrorism, bomb-throwing, attempts against merchant ships, firings of naval ves sels, theft of important documents, forging of state papers, buying of labor disturbances, there has been no serious, at least no effective, ef fort to end this state of affairs. It has developed into a nation-wide menace. The country could not pre pare for war, much less make it, while enemies with the most hor ribly criminal instincts were scat tered everywhere, even in confiden tial posts of intimacy and touch with most delicate affairs and important property. Men begin to look in each other's faces and ask whether this is a na tion, inspired by a common interest, patriotism, and loyalty, or a fear fully combustible mass of racial fragments, liable to be set on fire by internal friction. We have been wont to think of Austria-Hungary no nn niMniirt rt-f m wtlilswl !--- I"" "" -"l""- " J'"", ui.ojriiiim- thetic and jarring elements; but we have seen that empire, under pros- sure from without and under the',were P"sely the things that this leadershin of an imnprialicti,- cVS.,counlry meant; mav an meir impil jtem within, pull itself together and astonish the world by its display of vigor and capability in the last year. Can the United States feel sure that, nffor all Anctrin ic iVm t1 tntrn ,cohcsion. amont, nur mvn nnnninfnn 1 r, .... J.wj.-,,.v.. elements, it will be well to consider the beam in our eye and to waste no attention on motes that we have suspected of lodgment in our neigh bor's eye. PROMOTER OF PEACE When a lyric poet enters the do- I" f Polit.lc.8 and Hplomiy he does so at a risk which a man of less sensitive and refined nature easily escapes. This is evident again and f.f " Jn Tth & jnt thc r hie of John Hay which William Roscop Thaver has o-ivin in his nv. uoscoe najer nas given in nis ex- .tracts irom "Unpublished Letters and Diaries" of this American diplo- matist and statesman The arbitration treaties, to the ne gotiation of which Hay gave those last months of his hard-working life when saddened by the shock of the sudden death of his son, on whom his highest hopes and brightest dreams centered, met the overt opposition and secret combi nations, which drew from him the caustic words; "A treaty entering the Senate is liko a bull going into the arena: no one can say just how or when the final blow will fall; but one othing Jb certain it will never leave " tHer arena alive." WWW V..W w..v . - It is cause for lasting regret, lo the Americans. who honored his 'char acter and ability and '.admired 'his gay and gallant spirit that 'the (French government was not allowed to confer upon him the Grand Cross of, the Legion of Honor, a tribute vrell.eafned.by'his work in the cause of; peace among the nations. His impulse was"' -to decline this honor, but the President in his usual force ful way overrode.vhis objections, and permission for' him to accept was sought from the Senate. "" ' That the august body refused to allow him the distinction "of this. decoration means 'little 'to thVrepuf tation of the man who had his best reward in the high service which revolutionized diplomacy, changing it, so far as was in his province, from backstairs bargaining to frank and honorable conference where reason and conscience prevail. PLAYINQ WITH HUMAN LIFE The excursion steamer Eastland, which turned turtle at a pier in the Chicago river with the result of a frightful loss of life, presents a case quite as inexcusable as was that of the General Slocum, years ago. The Slocum was without proper equip ment to care for passengers in case of disaster, and in addition was overcrowded. The Eastland was at least overcrowded; but worse than that, she had been currently known for at least ten years as a thorough ly dangerous vessel. That she would turn turtle, some time or other, just as she finally did do, had been con fidently predicted by marine' con structors and ship officers time and again. Public attention had been re peatedly called to -her dangerous character; and yet nothing had been done to prevent the thing which it now is realized was inevitable if she should continue freighting great numbers of human lives. ' Since the Slocum disaster there has been legislation and there has also been administrative effort to safeguard against such affairs; yet the case of the Eastland makes very plain that legislation has been in effective and administration has been lax. If the Eastland had pre sented defects that were not real ized; if it had been an ill-constructed boat in which the deficiencies were concealed, matters would have been less discreditable to the super- visory authorities. But it appears that this boat was known from end to end of tho lakes to be a ,dancr ous one, and yet was licensed to sail and to carry thousands of'peo ple. The case is jar discouraging one. Whether ib be a Slocum or a Titanic, a great marine accident causes an excited plunge into the arena of re form legislation;' there are speeches and editorials -and resolutions and something or other gets to the stat ute books; and then the whole thing is forgotten until some fine day an other disaster occurs, and it devel ops that all that has been done was futile and ineffective. NOW LET CONORESS COMEf There is just one thing that Presi dent Wilson could now do, which would give a final touch of empha sis and conclusiveness to his note to Germany. He could order forthwith an extra session of Congress. To call the legislature of the na tion together would contain no pos sible menace to any foreign power that was not contained in the -last mote to Berlin. It would merely be a very definite addendum to the ef fect that the things said in that note cations and possible consequences were appreciated to the full; and that if there were to be any backing down, somebody else than America would have it to do. Nothing would do more to make the world realize the meaning of a persistence of this war, than to have the American Congress come into extraordinary session on the anni versary of the war's beginning. That anniversary is just a few days away from us. The beginning of the sec ond year sees the end farther away than it seemed on the day when the first shot was fired. Then, innocent people imagined that it would end by Christmas, or at least by spring. Now, nobody ventures seriously to predict an end; everybody agrees that it is a long way ahead, and that the horrors yof the first year will be made more horrible by those yet to come. This is assuredly one instance in which preparedness for war is in surance of peace. Preparedness for war will be set afoot the day Con gress meets. The purpose of prep aration will be proclaimed in the call for Congress to meet. Russian generals are showing great bravery in sticking by their telephones during attack in electric storms, New Jersey man who has a towel sewed up inside his anatomy is en vied by all. He knows where to find one whenever he has an eyeful of shaving soap. i Col; John Ha'nnan Asserts Loose ' MetHo'ds'Were Used by Serv ice in Passfng Boat. I: (Continued from,FlraJ. Page.) not an accident. It would not' be right to say trjat'the officers of the lin6 or the inspection officers de signed and staged such a tragedy as occurred in th$ Chicago river. But'in truth the occurrence cannot be put in the category of' accidents. It was the direct result of 'the policy of gambling with human lives to make dollars. AFTER PROFIT. "The steamboat managers want a li cense to carry an exceaslvc number of passengers so that they may pile up profits. The law clothes the board of supervising Inspectors with power to make tho rules and to limit the num ber of passengers. The steamboat owners bring pressure to bear upon the inspectors to the' end that tho door Is opened wide and these stfcamers per mitted' io crowd their decks with pas sengers and to equip their boats with a minimum of llfc-savlng devices. That there have not been numbers'of similar disasters must be attributed io good luck and the protection of Providence rather than to any protection fur nished by the United States Inspection Service or by any regard of their ob ligation to the public on tho part of the vessel owners. ' "The lnsoectlon service, cannot claim that it has not been warned. Victor, Olander has frequently been bcrore the. supervising Inspector general and the committees of Congress represent ing the Lake Seamen's Union and called attention to the danger of over loading. He especially directed atten tion to thc danger of crowds placed on boats of the Eastland type. He point ed out that they were liable to cap- slse -and In such an event that hun treds of lives would be lost. Ho has not only pleaded with the department to have the rules changed with respect t6 lake steamers but he has pointed out lnPnjany ways the laxity of the Inspection service upon the Great. Lakes'. Presumably because he has represented the Interest of the men employed upon the 'vessels his plas Mere discounted and his, warnings un heeded. Vindicates, Olander. 'The Knstland traredv vindicates' Olander but whfe'does It leave thc "To b tain" an mflerstaii'dlng of the rule under .which thT d6prtment per mits these excursion atcahicrs to load all that ls neces'saf y "lfa to measure a space three feet square on your floor. That space representing nine square feet Is a little In excess of the space al towed each passenger on the deck of the Kastland or any other of these excur sion steamers loaded to tho limit of thr inspection certificate during the excursion season. It must bo remember ed that this nine square feet Includes the space upon the decks used as prom enade and also all the floor space In the staterooms, dlnlngand other saloonsc. the cabins, in fact all of the floor space which the passengers occupy or may occupy. Besides the passengers there Is the furniture, the chairs, and loung-ln- benches and tables and all of the operating pharphernalia which Is on the deck. When all of thc stateroom and saloon and cabin floor space Is substrac ted from the total It will reduce tho promenade deck space to a mere frac tion of this nine square feet and then the crowding upon tho upper decks can readily be understood. To aid your com parison of this take a string twelve feet lone and place It In a square on the floor. You will then see how little space Is allowed each passenger. "An Inspection scrvlco that will isiue and defend certificates buch as was held by tho Eastland has no conception of Its duty to thc public, (n Issuing those certificates the service has bowed to the wishes of the ship owners. Permitted Wrongs. "The service has permitted thc doing of the things which were primarily re sponsible for the Chicago tragedy. The service never has and never will be ablp to convince the public that a ship which on 'May 14 going not more than flvo piles from shore would be permitted to carry only 147 passengers should be permitted to carry on tho same routo upon the day following 2,000 passengers and that it can do so and have legard for tho public Interest. "The disaster of 1013 on the gi cat lakes wllei fifteen ships broke In two and 254 men were drowned In one stoi m di rected attention to tho faulty construc tion of freight boats plying those waters. ,A few minor changes were made In the regulations to safeguard the freight steamers. But notwithstanding that the danger has constantly been pointed out in Congress, and there nas been evi dence of the awakening of the public, and a demand for greuter pi election of travelers upon vessels, the Inspection service has done nothing to further pro tect the lives of passengers. It has per mitted the owners to sent, out "their boats Inadequately equipped and shame fully overloaded. It requited Rome such catastrophe to rivet the attention of the country on this service. Thero may be cause to punish the officers of the Rast- land, but surely tlvo Inspection service Is not blameless. The men who Issued the certificates should now Investigate tho service of their own act. ' Engineer Saved Boat From Great Explosion CHICAGO, July 25. The presence of mind of Chief Engi neer J. M. Erickson, of the Eastland, probably averted a terrific boiler explosion, which would have materially added to the horror of the catastrophe. When the boat listed, he im mediately ordered the injectors opened and the boilers filled. Had the cold water from the river flowed in upon the heated boilers, there would have been an explosion that would have torn the ship to pieces. Erickson remained at his post in 'the engine room until the water reached his neck. 'T"!"" Chicago Is Numb With Horror Over Disaster Grief Grips City as It Begins Terrible Task of Pre paring Its Dead for Burial Corpses Fill Armory. CHICAGO, July J5. Dumb with grief. Chlcavo Is nnciitiil with tho hnlemn task of premrlng tta dead for burial. lth" pale 'faces and 'lips pressed Into two thin blue lines, the workers at tho Second Jteglment Armory, the princi pal receiving morgue for tho bodlos as they were- taken directly from tho hulk of thc doomed Kastland all last night bent to their tasks. Tho bodies were transferred In groiips of six and eight by motor trucks from the Reld-Mur- dock warehouse on the river bank. Thousands grouped themselves about the streets leading to the doors of the big, red brick building selected to house thc victims of thc disaster. Working In squads of four stretcher bearers at a time, thc police detailed to carry the blanketed forms from the vans outside to their places on the floor Inside did their work with swift effec tiveness. Fifty embalmers occupied one quarter of thc building. The steadily growing lino of bodies easily distanced meir desperate enorts to Keep abreast the ever-growing' stream that flowed Into the building. At the rato of four or five bodies to the minute, came the Eastland's toll. Eighty-four were placed In a single line. Then there were two lines, four lines, six lines. And still thc rumble outside told of mote vans coming up. Stretcher bearers worked until ex hausted. Relief men took their places and thc steady march kept up. It seem ed unenainic Their Wives Inside.- In' the shadow of the entrance stood four young men. They were pleading with the doorman to be permitted to enter. Qcntly ho refused. "Not yet, boys," he" said. "It will do no good now." "But our wives are In there, man," nM nMA ll at1t It mlljttlv at-.1 nlll like one benumbed. The others said nothing. "I left her at the dock," the man continued. "She had planned-on this all summer. I didn't know about It until noon. Then I went down there. The police let me ion the boat. I found heV hat. That's all. Poor llt ,tle kid." The other three grouped close about the speaker bcheath" the" spluttering arc light, but held their grief within their broants. Girl -Looks For "Baby. There was dumb horror In a girl woman's wide blue eyes. Her fingers worked at a buttonhole In her faded red Jacket. She talked like one drugged to the guardian at the door. "Us my baby," sho'aaid, simply. He shook his heoiU ,J, "Not yet, lftdy.i Iot.'yet, In a little while, maybe." "I let her fco" with a neighbor of mine. She was only three. Her fath er Is in Wyoming. He doesn't know yet. When she turned the corner this Victims Responsible For Disaster, He Says CHICAGO. July 25. The passengers of the Eastland were responsible for their own deaths, according to Jack Elbert, gauge tender of the steamer. Elbert declares that a great number of the passengers crowded to ono side of the boat when a launch came down thc river, resulting In the heavy listing of the ship, which was followed by the capsizing, as thc human freight slid across thc decks to thc port side. He said he and J. M. Erickson, chief engineer, escaped drowning by wading through water In the hatch and crawl ing out of a porthole Into thc river. Water Ballast System. "The Eastland was kept stable by means ot a water-ballast system," El bcit said. "Water Is pumped Into the chambers in the ship until she becomes steady. This Is done before even freight Is taken on board. "Thc first thing I noticed this morn ing was that thc Eastland began to lean to starboard. Erickson, the chief engineer, was In charge of the pumps used to pump the water Into the cham bers. He said, 'Boys, steady her up a little,' and then we pumped water Into the other side until she was up even anil an rignt. "We had Just evened her up when a launch came down the river and past the Eastland, and the crowd on the deck rushed over to portMd to look at It. The weight all on one uldo ap parently proved too much and the Eastland began to list badly. "We woiked fiantlcally. at the pumps to try to bring her back, but she was too far gone." A further statement from Elbert to day seems to settle the question upon which investigation of the disaster was expected to hinge: Whether the boat wh sufficiently ballasted to make It icasonably safe. He raid: "I da not believe It would have hap pened In the lake, where the steamer would have been drawing her proper depth of water. As It was, the bal lust tanl;s, kept full to prevent her listing, were empty when we enteicd thc river. She vould have drawn too much water otherwise." Two Other Theories. Two other general theories have been advanced as to the cause of the acci dent. One of which has gained much cro dence here, although It has not been admitted by the steamboat company or any of Its employes, Is that the water ballast was let out of tthc hull to enable tho boat to navigate the river In the turning basin above the Ml Salle street tunnel. This made It top-heavy, and when the listing began there was no counter weight to prevent Its capsizing. Another theory Is that the lines were not cast off .before the tug began pull Ine the vessel toward the river, which destroyed the equilibrium. This theory Is advanced by William Flannlgan, a lineman on tho boat, who says the tug was pulling at tho East land, although Its lines had not been cast off. This a denied by Arthur Mc Donald, engineer of the tug, who says that when the Eastland turned over the tow line had not bepn attached. The police officer on duty at tho dock says when the listing began the strain on the moorings was so great that the post over which the bowline was thrown began to break. He at once sent In an emergency call. Some of tho witnesses say thc listing1 was first noticedd fifteen minutes before the capsize and before the gangplank was taken In. The theory of Insufficient ballast Is morning she waved .her hand at me. Won't you let me In how, mister?" Identification Slow. The work of Identification was very slow. The police tagged each body with a number giving a description of the appearance of the body, clothes and any papers or Jewelry upon It. These descriptions were tent Into the city hall and thc coroner's office. But this was the dead of a holiday crowd of workers. The majority were dressed In light outing clothes. Few carried any papers, on some of the corpses bearaggled blue and gold arm bands of the Hawthorne Club, a social organiza tion, led to Identification. It was noticeable that on almost all ot the bodies brought up from the bow els of thc boat that their left arm was thrown up before their face, as If mak ing one last pitiful effort to avert hor tor. The coroner's deputies scd at their gruesomo work the long night through. Stripped to their undershirts and trou sers, drenched In perspiration, they worked up and down the leng rows of quiet forms, each shrouded In a bright pink, blue or white cotton blanket. Children and Babies Dead. It was among thc babies and the small 'children that death, as usual, reaped his choicest harvest. Few es caped. If the stolid faces of thc stretcher bearers ever betrayed the stress the.v lubored under, it was when these tiny forms were brought to thrm. In one motor van were six, each wrapped In a blue covering. Tiny fcrt diooped pa thetically beyond thc edge of the cloth; the bright pink and scarlet ribbons that proud mothers had that morning tied In their hair, now mud-stained and faded, dragged behind. Morgue Crowd Grows. As the hours rolled on the crowds of relatives and friends about the morgue grew. But It was still a dumb and silent crowd. Occasionally a few, with proper credentials', would STTp past the door. Qulcklv thov would pass down the narrow lanes between the dead. A covering would be removed from thc face. One or two of the 3earchcis, cftcn I a stifled gasp; sometimes a mere nod. A low-voiced order would be uivn. a stretcher would be brought up, and the bodr taken away. Hut this did not harnen often. The' vast majority of the Identifications will be made later. No Public Funeral. So far no arrangements have been made for any public funeral of the vic tims. Most of them will be burled pri vately by relatives and friends. Flans for the financial assistance cf those Vho are not "able to meet this sudden demand uton their resources arc already .being mad'. .Fraternal so cieties are active n ' looking aftr the needs,' of memberl:,-tfamire3 of members. None wlli;g fp the potter's Held, unsorrowed and alone. rfounded on reports from members of thc crew, who say that to get up the river part of the ballast was lemoved. to avoid danger of scraping thc roof of thc La Salle street tunnel. CHICAGO, July 15. Acting Mayor Moorchousc and J. J. O'Connor, direc tor of the central division of the American Red Cross, are doing every thing In their power for relief of the Eastland victims. They are assisted by officers of the Western Electric Com pany. Private stores and offices have been turned Into relief stations and public utility concerns helped. The Chicago Telephone Company yesterday Installed a score of free telephones neat the Eastland's docks, whence survlvorB nasned word to anxious relatives. I The .Red Cross established an emer. ! gency station at the Second Regiment Armory, prepared to take care of pros- iriiuun cases ana accidents. The Nurses' Association and Society volun teered to care for survivors and stricken relatives, and were helped by big hotels, which furnished gallons of coffeo anu nunarcas or sandwiches. Treatment to prevent typhoid fever was accorded survivors, under direction of the city health department, which sent 100 physicians of Its staff to tho homes of rescued persons who might have swallowed river water.. Relief funds for those dependent upon peihons who lost their lives in the trag edy have been started by tho three morning newspapers and city off.cials. In additions the Western Electric Com pany, whose employes had chartered the Eastland, and flvo other boats for a picnic trip, promised that its $1,000,000 employes' fund will be drawn upon lib erally to relieve suffering. Relatives of Victims To Get Death Benefits CHICAGO, July 25. Relatives of em ployes of the Western Electric Company ho met death In thc Chicago river disaster aie provided for under an In surbnee plan which Is maintained through afllllatlon WvTth tTto American Telephone and Telegraph Cacftany. The death benefit prv)Uci payment of six months' wages to Vjpcndents of those having been In tho employ of the company for five yearn or moro and ono ear's pay to thoso having served for ten years or more. Memorial Services at Fair for Boat Victims SAN FRANCISCO. July 25.-Whlle a band softly played "Neaier. Mv God, to Thee." and more than 20.0 stood with bowed heads. Governor Dunne, of Illi nois, yesterday afternoon planted a tree upon tho grounds of the Panama-I'aclflc Exposition which will stand as a living monument to tho victims of the East land disaster. This was "Illinois Day" at the fair. But Instead of the usual ceremonies, tho great throngs lolned with Governor Dunne. Mayor William Halo Thompson, of Chicago, and thousands of residents of Illinois In the most Impressive me morial services ever witnessed on the Pacific coast. Mnvnr Thnmmnn n mt lil tvh hai. left on a special train for home. RED WORKING TO HELP SURVIVORS INQUIRIESUNDERWAY TO SOLVE DISASTER Opinions Differ as to What Caused the Eastland to Cap size at Her Pier. SYRACUSE, July 24. "Leave nothing undone to determine cause of disaster to steamer Eastland and fix responsibility for same. Inquire strictly and fearlessly whether any official neglect or incompetence. You will be given any needed help from Washington. Go to the bot tom of tHc matter." Secretary of Commerce Red field has Bent this message to Deputy Supervisor General Hoover, of thc Steamboat In spection Service, Chicago. CHICAGO. July 25.-Half dozen In vestigations of the cause of the East land catastrophe are In progress today. In fact, several had been started before half the bodies had been recovered from the steamer. There are two big questions which the various bodies will seek to have answer ed: 1. Was' It because of a defect In Its water ballast system that the Eastland capsized? 2. Were more passengers permitted aboard than its official carrying capac ity of 2.5O0? Already there have been several an swers to these questions. R. M. Mc Crary, navigation inspector, says ho turned away all prospective passengers after his automatic counter rcgisteied 2.500. 3,700 Aboard Is Chareo. Contradicting McCrary's assertion is the estimate of two officials In charge of the outing that 3,700 persons, of whom thc women outnumbered the men four to one. had crowded on board the Eastland. Coroner Hoffman has ordered tho arrest of every official of the Indiana Transportation Company, which leased the Eastland. The first Inquiry under wav was that of the police department, of which As sistant Chief Schuettler assumed charge as soon as he had blocked approaches to the bridge with double lines of police men. I'nder the first deputy's direction de tectives began a round-up of the East land's officers and of rnsnonslhln nf- VciaU of the two lake lines Involved, the bt. Joseph-Chicago Steamship Company, which owned the boat, and the Indiana Transportation Company, through which it was oharteiel hy the plcknlckers. State's Attor ey. Hoyne, Coroner Hoff man. United States District Attorney Clync. Judge Landis, and the Federal steamboat inspectors. Ira B. Mansfield and William Nicholas, started other in vestigations. Grand Jury Ordered. Judge I.andls cleared the way for Fed eral action by ordering the assembling of the granI Jury. Thc Federal in quisitors will begin the examination of witnesses Thursday afternoon, by which time it is expected the steamship Inspectors and the ipollce will have exact knowledge of Just what happened and why. Two of thc first persons arrested by Schuettler's orders were Harry Peter son, captain of the Eastland, and Dell Fisher, first mate. They were hold aboard the flrcboat Graeme Steward, and later transfeired to the first dep uty's office, where Assistant District Attorney Charles center Case and Coro ner Hoffman were waiting to assist in the questioning. Later in the day fifteen of the crew were arrested for interfering with the work of the men cutting holes In the boat's side with gas flames. Ship To Be Inspected. Arrangements are being made to get at the sunken vessel to determine the underlying causes of the accident. Der ricks on scows have been taken to the side of the Eastland, and marine en gineers engaged to Inspect the treach erous ship. Those In chirge of tho various works of clearing up the toll of casual ties and determining the responsibility for the capsizing of the boat said that the endeavor would necessarily be slow because of the large number of persons aboard the Eastland and the difficulty of getting at the hull of the steamer. Corner's Jury Impaneled. Coroner Hoffman impaneled the fol lowing jury: Dr. William A. Evans, former com missioner of health. William F. Bodcn, vice president ol Reid, Murdoch & Co. Henry A. Allen, mechanical englneei In charge of the department of public works. J. S. Keogh, general manager of W. F. McLaughlin & Co. Engeno Deilleld, manager Hotel Sherman. Harry Molr, proprietor Hotel Morri son. Dr. Evans was chosen foreman, and then the Jury spent several hours view ing the bodies of the victims. Hegardless ot whnc action was planned by other ofliclals, Aldermar .Munay said that when the specla council meeting convenes at 2 o'clocH tomoriow afternoon to Investigate thc disaster, he will Insist on adoption ol resolutions calling on the authorities K demand Imprisonment and not fines ai punishments if individuals are found to have been criminally negligent. SOUTH CHICAGO. July 23.-That thi steamer Eastland was noted for "he peculiar tricks, because of he'r odt build," among seamen and sh'p builders was assertod hero by Charles Gcrds former master mechanic at thi Chicago Snip-building yards. "The Eastland was In dry-dock hen getting fixed up again, about ten day ago," said Gerds, "Marine men talked with at thnt time, mentlonet that she had too much above wate for what she had below. "1 was on board thc Eastland out it Lake Michigan some years ago, wnei she cut up ono of her tricks. Some thing got the matter with hei balltin at that tlmo, so thnt when too many o the passengers go on one side nt t'n sanu- time, the captain had to turp i complete circle until the crowds wen evenly distributed again " The Eastland was LCi feet long will a depth of 19 J feet and C5 feet wide She was u steel, twin-screw boat will two decks betides a hurricane deck. ASTLAND NOTED FOR E iNY VAGARIES