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THE WASHINGTON TIMES; MONDAY, JULY 26, 1915.
PUBLISHED EVERT BVENINO (Including Sundays) By The Washington Times Company,, THE MUNSEY BUILDING. rnnv ave. fr RANK A. MUNSEY, President. R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasurer. Or Tear (Including Sundays), M.M. Rtz Months, 11.75. Three Months. Wo. MONDAY, JULY 26, 1916. MAKING MARKBTINQ EASIER One effect of running cars di rectly down Fourteenth street from' G street will be an immense advant age to the housewife who has the good sense to visit the municipal fish wharves and market at Eleventh and Water streets. Formerly the fish wharves were rather inaccessible to residents of the northwest section. The new ar rangement of cars makes them very easy to reach from every part of the city. Comparative tables have been put out by the Superintendent of Weights, Measures and Markets, showing how much more cheaply fresh fish and other sea food can be bought art the wharves than up town. Indeed, on some days of the week, fish cannot bo easily pur chased at all at the uptown markets. The cheapness and wholesomeness of fish make it a welcome item of diet in summer, and one of the un suspected benefits of the new car line is that it will make the fish easier to get. PICKINQ A LIFE WORK About as light-heartedly as they might inquire about the latest and best styles in tics, thousands of young men are writing to old ones who have fought their fight asking them what they think would be a good thing for the youngster to take up as a life work. Here's an answer, a real answer to a real young man, which will fit most of them: The Important thing for a young man Is to fix upon tho line of work for which he has the greatest In herent faculties. Tho misfits and derelicts In life are largely the re sults of undertaking to do the thing br the things for which thoy nave had little or no capacity. Theso derelicts might well have been rea sonable successes In somo lines. So you will see that It Is quite Im possible for me to say anything to you that would bo worth while to you, knowing no more of you than I do, and even a hurried conversation would hardly enable me to under stand you and your qualifications a thousandth part as well as you should know yourself. ' How well do you know yourself? What do you do best? What has na ture best fitted you for? In asking yourself these questions don't conflno yourself to tho callings college men are usually found In. instead of lim iting the range, let It take in every thing every phase of endeavor, from tho farm up. Naturally you want to be a suc cess, and your chances of being a success are 10,000 times greater If you fix upon tho kind of work that God fixed upon for you. One great trouble with easy-going youth is that when there isn't any doubt what work God fixed for a young man, very often he will want to go and fix it all over again a better way. PREPAR1NQ ARMY AND NAVY Crying over spilt milk is worse than useless; so is regretting the months that have been wasted to the great business of getting this coun try in a posture of military and naval preparedness for defense. It is well enough to emphasize that the Administration ought long ago to have set itself about the af fair, now announced with some flourish, of bettering the navy and providing a real army instead of the shadow of one that the country pos sesses. At least, to draw insistent attention to the negligence of the past year will serve the useful pur pose of preventing continuance of such dilatoriness for any longer period. The Administration has directed the authorities of army and navy to report what they need in order to place their services on an effective footing. That work might long ago have been done, even in the recess of Congress; but fortunately the loss of time has not been so serious as it might appear, for the technical experts of both services have long been far in advance of the political authorities of the Government in appreciation of our shortcomings and understanding of methods to remedy them. There is already at hand plenty of information for Con gress, which it must digest and as similate before it can determine just what it wants to direct. The army general board, the high officers of tho navy, have long urged the meas ures in which now, it is to be hoped, Congress and the Administration will be willing to acquiesce. There is especial reason, however, for the investigations which have been ordered by the President. 'They will enable the Administration to crystallize its view of the imminent needs, so that its political authority may be placed squarely back of the recommendations that shall ensue. It is absolutely necessary that the plans of cranks, the schemes of vis ionaries, be weeded out when it coVr.es to legislating. There will be plenty of these, and they will be urpod with great zeal. It will be hard to determine whether fantastic projects represent sensible progres- sivcncBa or mere enthusiasm for the bizarre and the untried. The safe course will bo to adhere 'pretty close ly to the seasoned judgment of tho military and naval men f7ho will have to be consulted. Europe's experience with the year of war just ending has proved somo things, disproved others, and left a wide range of speculation. Especial ly is this true in regard to naval evolution. The future of tho battle ship is in doubt', for the war has not reached a crisis in maritime op erations in which the dreadnaught has been crucially opposed to the new weapons devised to oppose it. Tho problem of protecting the great armored monsters against submarine attack may or may not have been solved. There is reason to suspect that no great progress has been made in this direction, else why are both the British and the German battle fleets so long held in closed waters? -The utilization of aero-'p planes as scouts of the sea does not ROAm to havn rrno-rnH W. no seem to have progressed so fast aa fhAiK Amnlnvmonf no aab rf Vii land forces; yet here, again, there is a lack of information that leaves grarve uncertainty. Congress needs to get all the in formation about these and a hun- iormatton about these and a nun- .. - , " " j . .. -i i !. i .the commerce of her enemy. That dred other vital questions, and set . ... . 7', " about studying it. Are the great -.u: it. ?. 1 u .- ,! ships of the future to be bigger and more heavily armored than ever? Or shall they be built without any ar mor at all? There are advocates of both ideas. Somewhere between the Swiss system of a democratic army, and the Prussian program of highly specialized military organization, 1 must be found the plan for main-l,.. taining the land forces of such a country as our own. It may require decades to develop the right system, and in its development there will be occasion to give close consideration to all the experience of the present amd other wars. By all means tho people who will have to give final form to whatever system is adopted, ought to be brought here and put at work. TRUTH OF MUNITIONS TRADE A clear statement of the facts and principles underlying the traffic by a neutral in munitions of war is given by Prof. Theo. S. Woolsey in Leslie's. Prof. Woolsey lone occu- pied the chair of interactional law world will assent to only one an at Yale. His analysis of the whole swer to that question. The nation subject leaves little of the argument whit.: ives first place to the privi which pro-Germans have so g'ener- lege of killing will in the end find ously employed, and if possible rather less of the "facts" they have cited. First, is the traffic a violation of international law? The answer is in Art. 7, Convention XIII, of the 1907 convention at The Hague: A neutral power Is not bound to nre- vent the export or transit, for the use of either belligerent, of arms, ammuni tions or, in general, of anything which could be of use to an army or fleet. Neutral governments are bound not to engage in this trade, as gov- state of war makes the seas so dan ernments; but this is entirely differ-j gerous that neutrals must not use ent from permitting their citizens to engage in it, and the conventions make this clear. The United States manufacturers would sell munitions to either of the belligerents, precisely as Ger- many sold munitions to both Sidjs in the Russo-Japanese war, but Ger-1 mam, is Tirtf nftw oVkla in raf tVtaw. ...u..j .u .., .,,. uk. fit... 1111.111 delivered. England sold munitions in vast quantities to both North and South in the civil war. In the Bal kan wars there was competition be tween Krupp and Creusot, German and French, for the munitions business. Germany sold immense amounts of munitions to the Boers early in the Boer war; later, when the Boers were cut off from com munication with the sea, the Ger mans with perfect nonchalance turned about, and sold to the Brit ish, who could deliver the goods. rrutr. ...,. .:,. ni .,, r" ,... " '"" v" viv: onr r rr m t rrt a nn nwi n n 0 hm i i n tiiw vuuuibiutitii x iiu uci iuu 1 40 nuuivt be able to get munitions in the American market if they could con trol the sea lanes. They can't buy munitions here for the same reason that the Boers couldn't buy them in Germany after the early stages t. V' 1 j 1 ,. j. Prof. Woolsey declares that every belligerent has bought and every neuti'al has sold munitions since modern war began. England sold to both sides in the Franco-German war. If it were agreed that neu- trals should not sell munitions dur- ,ng war then every nation would belthe kml on, of ,obsters ,ess thffn forced to maintain supplies and .ne inches or more than twelye manufacturing facilities capable of inches in lengthi But the decorative meeting every possible demand, effect of the lobster wi be lessened wmen yyoum uoa "uuy wumciui proceeding, Prof. Woolsey pro- ceeds: But let us argue the question on eth ical grounds alone. I can see no dif ference between a peace trude and n war trade from tho humanitarian standpoint: between arming a neighbor by our exports In preparation for war and rearming him during war. In both cases we help him to kill. Now, if one regards nil war us wrong, aid In wag ing war bv tradu in munitions, whether In peace time or war time, should be abhorrent to one's conscience. A Quaker gun Is not only a paradox, but a sinful one. Most of us, however, bellevo that a defensive war, against aggression threatening the life and liberties of a nation, is just and right. In the pres ent war both parties claim to be light ing In self-defense. We are not their JudKe, wo must tako both at their word, what ne owe both, ethically. Is simply equality of treatment Facts are stubborn things; and tha facts fail utterly to provide any jus- self forever as a Senator or Sccre tification for tho pro-German do- tary of State. mand in this country that munitions sales shall cease. They do not war rant tho German claim of right to kill neutrals and non-combatants be cause they happen to bo on ships carrying munitions. It would in truth, as President Taft has effec tively said, be a highly unneutral act, after war has begun and when its fortunes have given one side con trol of the seas, for a neutral then to embargo sales of munitions to the fortunate combatant. That would be equivalent to interfering; to sus pending an established rule, in order thai the fortunate belligerent should be deprived of the advantage which his maritime successes had given him. THE QERMAN MISTAKE The German comment on tho lat est American note on submarine 1l'fl1fniut CHMlrAH 1 u A.l l-.. uT? " ,.y CHT . ,,8BU . t"". ia " ?P " lo Iorco ?"ely,' ." Aether the seas are t0.be frC(J t,mc f War. Germany takes tho position that her national "'; Pi the fact that a new weapon of naval warfare has been devised, warrant her in suspending the whole code of maritime war law in order that she may break down ttXiw 7 u United states, and to press it upon ,. . M1I11. ',.. . . " .. .. this country will be to press it upon all other neutrals; a proceeding whereby Germany will be very sure to array the whole neutral world against her. The United States does not ask the impossible when it demands that Tl PI it TIl I nrwl Hrtn.nmKn fntit- Kitftn ld1I . . ; 1 Jt , ... ' ... . . ., vaaMV u jJiVfJt.. UilU IUJ lgBCO tU lished rule be preserved; a rule that has lived through many changes in the condition of both commerce and war at sea. The employment of steam power, for example, on the seas, might have been an excuse for suspending the old rules that were designed to guard life; but it was not. It changed greatly the charac ter of naval war, but instead of sus pending the old rules, the naval au thorities of the world adapted their naval construction and practice to the new conditions. The question comes now in a new form. At its bottom it is, whether the right to destroy life is more important than the right of life to be saved: and the itself an outlaw in the world, One German commentator ob- serves that tho America-nt. whose. 'lives were lost would have been saved if' they had onlv refrained from going aboard the Lusitania Another says that "Germany gave Americans-pod advice when she warned 'tfterri against coming into the danger zone." Those expres sions contain the substance of tho whole German contention: that a .them. That is exactly the conten- tion that America and the world will ! never accept. The seas were never ' so important to the world as todav. because they were never the high- way of so large a nart of the world's rnmmunir-.iHnn nnrl traHo TViora never was so much sound reason fori 1. .?. .l.. l u 11 1 ; icujjiii); mum suiu lur wiu uusineas of the world. This issue must be settled rightly; and it cannot be set tled rightly if the German view,' as now developed, is to prevail. Ger many, pretending to tight for free seas, is in truth contending for the right to close the seas. She will not be" permitted to establish any prece dent even squinting in that direc- tion. THE FLEETINQ LOBSTER Pity the inveterate diner out, con sider the poor chorus girl, shed a i ... tear or two for her flaccid escort, and think a minute of the cabaret habitues. The price of lobster is going up. All along, this higher cost of liv ing question seemed to be getting , ndfn Viq lonrvnt lina Qaima rlnit iVin jtnoughtful hnve long SUBpcctc the 'matter would pass the point where the man cou,d s; , b(j . , . . . miin. . , .. , .MWl ,u -MV .uu ...l.v, MltU HUH lb is swishing about the very feet of the Broadway merrymakers and lob ster palace patrons. Not that anyone is going hungry Tabes where his duU red i;stened under soft lights while those who ordered him danced, and ordered more wine, and danced again, will be robbed of his presence. It is avouched by older folk that once the lobster was an article of diet. They tell us that it was bought in the market places and actup-1'y eaten in humble homes. To the older generation it may be a comfort that the animal in question (or fish, or fowl) ceased to be a regular diet be fore this last prohibitive blow came. It will now be so aristocratic, in price, that few indeed will attempt to eat it, and tho man who does will be more than apt to receive a threatening note, or disqualify him- ONE YEAR AS SEEN IN ENGLAND. By ED L. KEEN. LONDON. July 26. Knatand'i greatest victory In this year-old war was won before the war started. Forty or fifty years from now tho Germans willing when tho Brit ish desire to honor tho heroes of the Great War, they, doubtless, will erect Imposing statues of Sir John Kronen, Sir Douglas Halg, Sir Ian Hamilton, Sir John Jelllcoo, Sir Frederick fciiur Ueo and Admiral John de Robeck. They may even Include Lord Kitch ener, although If a popular voto were taken at tho present time, It Is hard ly likely tho verdict In Kitchener' favor would be unanimous. But If tho English nation should fall to recognize In this distribution of awards a certain blond, blue oyed young statesman of dandified mien and lisping voice, who by the fortunes of politics happened to bo the first lord of the admiralty In tho summer of 1914, It will demonstrate that other forms of government be sides republics aro ungrateful. "Brlttanla rules the waves" today because of Winston Churchill. To his foresight. Imagination and nervu Is due tho fact that when the war lord threw down his gauntlet, tho British fleet wan ready. England's rommtnd of the seas was' assured before Kaiser Wllhelm began scattering war declarations through tho chanceller ies of Europe. - Perhaps Churchill knew. Anyhow, most of IiIh colleagues In the cabinet didn't believe him. He acted In spite of them. His resignation lay on tho table, to be taken up If events should provo that ho was wrong. Early In July the grand fleet had assembled off the south coast of England for Jts annual play at war. The maneuvers followed their usual course, and under all the rules tho lie should have been scattered a wee before July 2S, the dav Aus tria declared war against Serbia. The next day three clays before Ger many declared war against Ilussla, llvo days before she declared war against France, and nearly a week before England officially entered tho fray Churchill converted the pro longed maneuvers Into the real thing. On the night of July 29 there was flashed through newspaper of fices of London the brief announce ment, "the British fleet has left Portland under scaled orders." Where It went tho writer didn't know then, he doesn't know now and If he did, he wouldn't dare tell. It Isn't necessary to know. The re sults are sufficient. The main fleet kept together, with superior force, ready to meet the Germans should they come out without previously no tifying Great Britain of their inten tion, with scouts thrown out toward the German coast to watch for them, and patrols to guard the coast of England. There may be some doubt about England's assistance to the allies upon the land. There can be no ques tion of her services upon the water. Her losses have been heavy both In ships and men, but not Incommen surate with the advantages gained for her allies as well as herself by remaining "mistress of the seas. Beside bottling up the German grand fleet the one outstandlns achieve ment of the entire war England speedily swept the, German mercan tile marine from the oceans, de stroyed von Spec's roving squadron, nut out of business the German com merce raiders, anil provided safe convoy, not only to her own troops and their supplies across the chan nel, but to millions of dollars worth of arms and ammunition for both her nllles and herself across the Atlantic. Germany's war of attrition, conduct- ed bv means of submarines, can never overcome these results. And It Is not detracting from the pratso duo Admiral Sturdee and his men for their wonderful work In hunting down and defeating von Spee off the Falkland Islands to say that It was Churchill who made this feat pos sible. There has been a great deal of criticism of the British navy because early In the war It failed to catch tho German East Coast raiders, and In more recent months adequately to protect merchant shipping against submarine attacks. But It should be borne In mind that the one big Job of the admiralty is to see that the grand fleet Is kept Intact and ready to meej the German fleet when It comes out'ln a body If It ever does. The year did not pass without Its admiralty scandal an ugly blot on r" otherwise creditable page. In a pique Admiral I.ord Fisher deserted his post as first sea lord. Bather than disrupt the navy as he feared Churchill agreed to step out. The prime minister picked Balfour as his successor: but Fisher didn't like Bal four anv more than he did Churchill Rnd refused to serve under him. Whnt Asqulth had been willing to overlook as temperament, he couldn't forgive when It became Insubordina tion. So Fisher was replaced by Ad miral Sir Henry Jackson. Churchill, the imn who defeated the German fleet before It could lift anchor. Is still in the cabinet. Tho nation couldn't afford to lose a man of his ginger. His lob Is 'Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster," which has to do with the collection of rents or something of that sort but only for tho moment. LETTERS Amazed at the Fate of Becker, in Contrast to that of a Certain Multi-Milionaire. To the Editor of THE TIMES: Charles Becker, former police officer, who has made his last appeal, was the subject recently of a rather unfavor able editorial comment In your paper. The comments In question seemed to me hardly fair, although the main point made was correct, that his ad mission of Information of a plot to kidnap Rosenthal indicates knowledge i Improper for a police officer. Yes, but this does not constitute a reason j for execution. Becker's case is one too rommon, of conviction on circumstantial evidence, nnd the testimony of . low class wit nesses. And the police ottlcer's lot Is J particularly unhappy in mat it in volves him with the undesirable citi zens of the community, the denizens of the underworld, who usually have tho cunning of their kind. One should think not twice, but a thousand times, before condemning a man who was norhnns tho victim of a frame-up. Tho police officer Is often, as In Becker s case, at tho mercy, to a great extent, of the poltlcal boss of his dis trict. Let the man who h-n never sac rificed principle to expendlency stand up and cast his stone. Considering Becker personally as a man, he appears to be so f.xr superior to n certain multi-millionaire onco brought before the bar of Justice In the same State, but recently disporting himself In public places, and addressed OF WAR IN EUROPE AS SEEN IN FRANCE. By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS. PAItlS. July 26. "The Croat world-war la one year old this woek: What has Franco accom plished?" I put this question to M. Jean Cruppl. ex-minister of foreign af fairs, member of the chamber of deputies and of tho forelirn rola tlonB commission, a man physical ly not very unlike Theodore Rooac velt. Ho replied: "Franco accomplished tho defeat of tho Germans In the battle of the Marne: she stopped the Ger man dilve for Calais and the sea; alio JiaB kept Germany nailed to tho spot for len long months, steadily reducing hor by attrition; she has done many other big things, but the greatest of all was the dropping of Internal differ ences, her unification of all classes with one, great, fixed purpose In view: Victory." "Yes," ho continued earnestly, "our word 'union' means some thing more than the harmony of our people; there Is rmifcthlng of the sacred In It. This sacred union will last. France is as one man with one Idea; final success, cost what It may The war, no doubt, will be long, but the. cour age and patience of our people will be equal to the tank of seeing; It through. "In short, perhaps the greatest accomplishment to Franco's credit in the last twelve months Is that she has found herself." To appreciate fully M. CruppPa words one haa but to glance back at the Ftanco of the years Just preceding the war; France, the antithesis of Germany where col lectivity Is the national passion; France, the nation of individual workers and thinkers where no two people could be expected to agree on any subject. In tjje chnmber of deputies there are a scoro or more parties Insteid of two or three as Is tho cave In the United States. The Dreyfus affair split the nation Into two hos tile camps nnd each camp Into others with varying opinions. Tho CuillauK case to some extent did the samo thing. All mnnner of pessimistic talk was heard on rafe terraces and even in drawing rooms. A ad fate was In store' for th land. Surely a revolution was coming. Another restoration was on the way. some said, while others declared a sec ond commune could nut be avert ed. Treason, It seemed, was on all sides and In high places; among political leaders, i-o It was inti mated, one was as bad as another, or worse If this were possible, which it was nut. The theater gave the ImpreAslon that even French home life was rotten. Tho things one saw and heard In Paris gave one a rather gloomy fcellng-that is if he believed all he saw and heard. One got the idea that patriotism was a lost emotion In France. Some said the revolu tionaries had the upper hand among the socialists, and that the social ists were running things. Labor, they said, was ruling capital, and labor and socialists, by their gen eral strike doctrine, had their hands at the throat of tho nation. The Gustave Herves were the real mas ters of the land, and Gustavo llerve, you remember, editor of th Social War, spent a time In prison because ho advocated a general strike, or rebellion, among the sol diers In the event France should go to war with another nation. In short, the world, too busy to go below the surface of things, con sidered France too highly educated. The Individual had too much sense, too much Imagination. He could talk, but he could not fight. Should a foreign power Jump on France, Frenchmen would argue among themselves what ought to be done, each man advocating something dif ferent, while French troops would rebel and maybe shoot down their officers. Germany undoubtedly had some such Idea. She expected to find France unprepared and French .opinion divided," a great national schism developing the moment there was serious talk of war, or a revo lution after the first success of French arms. Hut what happened? The real France found herself. The nation's heart, so long hidden, was revealed, and to the last man France became n unit. As M. Cruppl remarked: "Nothing has shaken this untly since. The moment the general moulllza tlon order was posted In France all classes rallied to the trt-color. Gus tave lierve tried to enlist. Labor becaffle a marvel of efficiency and patriotism. Antl-mllltarlsts boosted It, considering It against what they aro against militarism. Socialists became cabinet members, one now holding a position similar to that of Lloyd-George, minister of munitions In Ensland. It was tho "sacred union." one of France's greatest accomplishments. Instead of a revolt In tho ranks, the. troops dried the tears of wives, sweethearts, and mothers with laughter and went their way to war singing. TO TIMES by gushing females as "dear boy," that I stand amazed at the paradox H. L. B. Washington, July 21. Declares Petworth Fourth of July Celebration Was As Patriotic As Any Could Desire. To the Editor of THE TIMES From the statements made in recent dally papers in rcgaid to the use of Tlpperury, anyone who has not present at tho Petworth Fourth of July celebra tion might ho led to believe Unit the citizens of this beautiful suburb, or its committees were not patriotic. "The Star-Spangled Banner" was ploy and sung when the flag was being raised. The tune of Tipperary was one of the marches played by the band in the pa rade, and It was also played, but not uing. during a vcrv Impressive drill by the children from the school of a neigh boring subdivision, as it was the only piece of the band's repertoire that tho children were fumlMar with In perform ing their drill. The fact that Dr. Adam Gelbel, the well-known blind orgnnist and compos er, conducted all the singing at '.he flag raising und the other exercises later In tho day Is sufficient evidence that the exercises were all any real patriot could desire. As so much space has already been given to the previous criticisms, 1 would request that you print the above ex planation. RAYMOND U. ADA MS. General chairman, Petworth Fourth of July celebration. Washington, July 21. AS SEEN IN GERMANY. By CARL W. ACKERMAN. BERLIN, July 20.-aermany look back upon her accomplishments of tho first year of tho war with satis faction. The Germans believe the events of the past twelve months have demonstrated to tho world that tho Teutons are the mightiest race of all history. No other country rould have withstood tho combination of world powers which Germany has kept at bay tlnco last August, de clare tho Germans, and no other country has ever so. deeply stirred the Imagination of the world. Germany has won her claim to a place In the Sun. The German Em pire has added brilliant chapters to the history of Teutonic might begun under the Hphenzollcrns of the klngdow of Prussia. The Kaiser him self has earned for himself the title of William the Great, which pos terity surely will bestow upon htm. These are the dominant beliefs of the German people at the close of the tirst year of the war. Germany has shown up the world in all Its littlenesses, and all Its boastings of false greatness. Only the Germans themselves have with stood the test of blood and Iron, for only tho Germans have gained vic tories during the past rateful twelve months. Germany believes she has changed the whole future course of history. Gcrmun influence upon tho future of civilization for generations to come will be far beyond the in fluence of any other nation. Ger many will not dominate the world by her armed might, but by her virtues which have given to her a greater capacity for organization and dis cipline than all the rest of Europe combined possesses. When the Germans look back to lust August and recall the threats that then were being made against them, and tho ipcnultles that wcr-3 Imposed by Englund, France and Prussia In advance of the trial by battle, the nat on laughs. The world didn't understand Germany last sum mer. It Is beginning to learn now that the HohcnzoIIern empire has progressed during the yeurs since tho Franco-Prussian war in ways un suspected bv the rest of mankind. There Is nothing In the German of today that wasn't put there by the discipline and studv that the world knows under the name of Teutonic Kultur. The increasing respect paid to Ger man Kultur .s not one of the least victories the Germans declare they have won for themselves during tho past year. Nothing came as a greater shock to the Germans last year than the way In which their Kultur was derided. The comments passed upon Germany for her strong belief In her own destiny, as repre sented by her Kultur, caused more resentment than anything else that happened In tho early days of the war. The Germans' Indignation at last changed to contempt as the ldci grew that the world laughed at Teu tonic Kultur because the world had been left so far behind by German progress as to be unable to under stand the German point of v'ow. This opinion has grown as Ger many has shown her ability to thrive on misfortunes, and to r.sc to heights of attainment capable of meeting every new task Imposed upon the na tion. Each new victory on the bat tlefield and In departments of In ternal organization has been regard ed as one more proof that the Ger mans really are the world's super men. German Kultur Is now flrmlv believed to have conquered al! opposition, and to have estab lished Its prominence among ad verse conditions sui'h as never before have had to be encountered by the aspirations of anv nation In all his tory Germany has shown no spirit In the past year of revolt against her form of government. Democracy and absolution have been In comblnMlon against the German system of a mix ture of the two. The result Is de clared by Germans to be such ns to Increase the faith of the Teutonic Empire In Its own i vernni.Mital methods. There probably will bo a more equable division of electoral d's trlcts In Germany as the result of the war, and political parties may have their representation In the leichstag ser'ously altered, but Germany is not going to duplicate the British brand of democracy! Tho Germany people believe they owe their existence as a nation to the unprecedented capacity for or ganization and discipline they have developed during the past vear. The feeling has developed that British democracy Is lncapabe of reaching to the heights nttalned by Germany, and If tho Germans had been gov erned according to the British svstem they would now be crushed and at the mercy of their foes. The world said during the early days of the war that Germany would emerge from the conflict democratized. The Germans are now laughing at that prediction. They declare tho proph esy must be read backward, and democracy will have tho Germanize Itself if It Is to keep pace with Ger many's progress In the future. Another oarlv prophesy nf (lor many's enemlo's which Is now being recalled with m'rth was tho ono professing to see the certainty of a German revolution before the war had gone very long. As a matter of fact the Franco-Prus.slin war did not solidify the people of the em p're as much as this conflict has done All Gcrminy I- now i im t nnd has been Increasing In sold'darlty from tho first shot. Prussia has not dominated the nation at all. The South German states have shown no Jealousy of the. powe-fnl northern nucleus of the empire. The Prussian regiments, In fact, have not been tho prize ones of tho war. Catholic Bavaria has boon tho stinoho" "im porter of the protcstant Hohcn zoIIern. MAIL BAG Suggests the Enforcement of Traf fic Law at Street Crossings. To the Editor of THE TIMES: This morning a gentleman about to board a Congress Heights car at the corner of Euclid and Eleventh streets northwest, was nearly knock ed down by a large automobile going at the rate of about twenty miles an hour. The driver of said automo bile did not ston or sound his hnm j when nearlng the crossing where pas sengers were waiting for the car, but I drove ahead regardless of Injury to jllfe and limb, and before his number 1 could be taken, disappeared around I tho first corner. I Is there no redress for such reck lessness? How about the enforce ment or tne law at crossings? Washington, July 21. READER. Calls Street Car Service Here the Essence of Slowncs ,. To the Editor of THE TIMES: I have seen lots In, your paper re cently about the congested conditions on the open street cars and the need of some remedy. I The remedy Is simple enough If the I car companies would use a little discre tion In their regulations. In other cities, itichmond for example, passen gers aro allowed to occupy the run ning boards when all seuts are taken, and no complaints aro ever made. An other thing, the car service hero Is the essence of slowness. This thing of having "fire stops" for cars is too ab surd to even discuss. Yours truly, R H. PATTERSON. Washington, July 21. HAPPENINGS OF DAY IN CAPITA!: SOCIETY Items of Interest ar.d Im portance of Past, Present, and Future Among Official and Fashionable Folk'. .,., Tho Secretary of State, Mr. Lansing, and Mrs. Lansing, who have been tho guests of Col. and Mrs. E. M. House at Manchester, Mass., have gone to Cornish, N. H to spend a few.daya with tho President at Haarlakenden House. Miss Mnnrnrnt Wllann shortly will KO to visit Miss Claire Batton, at Mt. Pocono. She will assist at a bazaar to be given there in the near future In aid of the local hospital. ! Mr. and Mrs. Eldrldpe E. Jordan, who recently arrived In Newport, mo tored to Narragansett Pier Saturday with Preston Gibson, who entertained for them at luncheon there. Mr. Gib son was host at dinner In Newport Saturday evening, when Mr. and Mrs. John It. Drcxel were the guests of honor. The other guests were Mr. and Mrs. Paul A. Andrews. Mrs. R. T. Wilson, Mrs. Richard Stevens, Mr. nnd Mrs. Jordan. Miss Louise Scott, and Dr. Rice nnd Joshua B. Holdcn, of Boston. ( Thev were entertained by colored minstrels. MrB. William F. Draper was hostess at luncheon Saturday at Newport. - Mrs. Hunt Slater entertained at tea at her home In Bar Harbor yesterday In compliment to Mrs. William H. Bliss of New York. Weddings-Engagements Miss Marcla Murdock, daughter of former Congressman and Mrs. Victor Murdock of Kansas, has selected Aug ust 28 as the date of her marriage to Lieut. Harvey Delano. U. 8. N.. whlcn will take place at the Murdock homo In Wichita. Lieutenant Delano naa been assigned to the personal staff or AUmlral Wlnterhalter. or the Asiatic squadron, and with his bride will sail September 4 for Shanghai. -- The marriage of Miss lrcna Keen, daughter of .Mrs. George T. Keen and the late George T. Keen, to Nicholas Columbus Harper took place on Satur day morning at Calvary M. E. Church. Only members of the Immediate families witnessed the cercmbny. which was performed bv the Rev. John T. Ensor. After their wedding trip they will tako possession of their new home in Irving street northwest, which Is nearlng com pletion. Mr. Harper is clerk or tho court and Is the son of the late William Columbus Harper. -- Mr. nnd Mrs. Edward S. Munrord. of Los Angeles, formerly of Washing ton, have announced the engagement of their daughter, Elizabeth, to Lieut. A. Tourtant Beauregard, l. S. A., grand nephew of the noted Confederate gen eral. I-'ierre Gustav Tourtant Beaure gard. Miss Munford made her debut at Washington during her parents' resi dence In this city when they occupied n handsome home In 1 street, between Seventeenth and Eighteenth. Personals. Mrs. J. D. Murdaugh will leave town next Monday to visit her son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Fitzhugh Gray, at their home In Huntington, W. Va. Mrs. Murdaugh spent the early part of the summer at Beach Haven, N. .1. - I Miss Lena Pettlt, who has been the guest of Miss Lucy Wright, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. George N. Wright, .it Forest Glen, left Washington this morning for New York, where she will visit before returning to her homo in Dallas. Miss Natalie Drlggs and her grand mother, Mrs. Eddy, will close their apartment In the Highlands early in August and will go to Atlantic City for a stay of Feveral weeks. There Miss Driggs will be joined by her brother, Houston Driggs, who is now at Plattsburg, N. Y. -:- Mrs. Thomas C. Martin and her young daughter. Miss Peggy Martin, are spending the summer at Glouces ter, Mass. a Miss. Einllv Tuckerman has as her guest at her summer home in Stock bridge. Mass.. Miss Kltnor Weld Betton. of New York. -.J.Mr and Mrr. Theodore Roosevelt. Jr., and Mrs. George Howard were in the audience at tho plav produced In New port Saturday night as part of the soiree for the benefit of the Secours Na tional. - - Senator Will am E Chilton of West Virginia and Davis Elkins are amoru the recent ai rivals at the White Sulpnur Springs. : Mrs. Edwin Carleton Swift, who has been seriously 111 at her home, Swift Moor. Prides Crossing, Mass., Is im proving. :- Mr. nnd Mrs. Henrv May are recent arr-vals at Southampton, L. I. where their daughter. MUs Isabclle Miy, i-s the guest cf the Duchess of Manchester at the Irving. v Mrs. H. S. B Beale is at the Glad stone, Narragansett Pier. ! Mrs. Carrie A. Green and her daugh ter. Miss Clara A. Green, who his been spending several weeks with Mr. and Mrs. A. H Frear. 223 Eighth stieet northeast, left Washington Thursday for Rockuwuy Beach, where thoy will pass several days before returning to thnir home in Troy, N. Y. Mr. and Mrs. A. ot McCtlntock nrrived nt the Lyman House, Bar Harbor, yes terday. .. Miss Julia Wilson is spending several weeks with her brother-in-law and sis ter. Mi. and Mrs. Charles Martin, at their home in Parkersburg, W. a, The Secretary of Labor will leave Washington this evening for a three weeks' trip to San Francisco, where he will Join his daughter. Miss Agnes Hart Wilson, who is upending the season in California. Secretary Wilson will bo accompanied on his trip across tho con tinent by his private secretary. Hugh L, Kerwln: Robert Watson, chief clerk: and T. V. Powderly, chief of the di vision of information of the Department of Labor. Mr. Wilson spent tho week-end with Mrs. Wilson and their younger children at their home at Blossburg, Pa. v Miss Mary Gwynne is visiting Mrs. B. H. G. Slater at her cottage In New port. Mrs. Grahame Hume, of Pittsburgh, formerly of this city, is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hume. Mr. and Mrs. Edwin B. Hartley will leave Washington about August 7 to pass several weeks at Cornfield Har bor, on tho Potomac river, before going North for a short stay. Miss Mary Louise McNalr. daughter of Maior and Mrs. W. S. McNalr, is iContlnued on Tenth Page.)