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THE WASHINGTON TDIE&, SUNDAY, AUGUST K 1915.
GERMANY'S NOTE DN THE FRYE TO REACH CAPIUOMM U. S. Is Expected to Give Little Consideration to the Prize Court Decision. DANGER TO RAIDER ISSUE Kaiser Contends That Eitel Frledrioh Was in Jeopardy From Enemy Ships. The ipotllght of International specu lation has turned tov&rd Berlin, whence comes news that the German govern ment's reply to American representa tions In the William P. Frye case had been handed to Ambassador Oerard. The first section of the reply, It. is be lieved, will not reach Washlnfton be fore Monday, but In the meantime, diplomatic wlanacrcs center their at tention on the probable content of the German reply. Roughly speaking, the main points of the German reply, It Is believed, will be these: Announcement of the prize court decision concerning damages on the hull of the Frye and incidental losses to her owners. The virtual contention that Ger many had a right to sink the Frye, because of danger to the raider which did the sinking. Expression of the German attitude that the prize court decision prac tically closes the Incident. On the other hand, the United States, It believed, will not give special con sideration to the prize court decision. It will also refuse to admit the theory that the Eitel Friedrich, the raider, was forced to sink the Frye, owing to danger from British and French cruisers. This Government, it was said today, doubtless will continue to stand by its Interpretation of the Prussian-American treaty of 1828. that contraband must be "delivered out" of the hold of a neutral vessel, without damage to the ship itself, wherever possible. Furthermore, the State Department officials think, will reject the theory that the decision of the prize court Is binding, contending that a prize court cannot interpret a treaty ruling. Germany, so far, has maintained that stress of circumstances forced the sink ing of the Frye, whereas this Govern ment has contended that the sinking was done at a location where the Eitel Frtedrich was not in danger, and that Slenty of time was available to unload ie vessel. The Frye incident, however. Is a matter of dllplomacy, after all, officials say, and not an Incident which would call for the breaking oft of relations. The German government. It Is be lieved, will draw the teeth of the Ameri can protest by paying damages for de struction to the vessel and that will probably end the matter, as far as the Frye case goes. TOTAL CASUALTIES OF YEAR'S WAR ARE ESTIMATED AT 8,673,805 V Official casualty figures at the present date are impossible to obtain. The following table is com puted from official and semi-official information made public early in July: Prisoners and Casualties, Killed. Wounded. missing. total. France 400,000 700,000 300,000 1,000,000 Great Britain 69,313 197,494 64,188 330,995 Russia 733,000 1,982,000 f770,0'00 3,485,000 Germany (Prussia) 482,000 852,000 233,000 1,567,000 Austria '. 341,000 711,000 183,000 1,235,000 Belgium 47,000 166,000 40,000 247,000 Serbia 64,000 112,000 50,000 226,600 Turkey 45,000 90,000 46,000 181,000 Japan 300 910 "... 1,210 Grand total 2,181,613 4,806,004 1,680,188 8,673,805 An official list issued in Berlin early in June placed the total of Prussian losses at that time at 1,388,000 men. Comparing the number of troops in the Bavarian, Saxon, and Wurttemburg armies with that of Prussia, and estimating their losses proportionately, the total German loss is placed at 2,108,000 men. fNot including the campaign for Warsaw. No statement of Italian losses, official or unofficial, is obtainable. NO PEACE TILL WE 1 SA British Official Declares Has Been Banished Nation's Vocabulary. Word From Workmen Find Coffin. LADOGA, Ind.. Aug. 1. The remains of a coffin containing some fragments of human bones was unearthed here by workmen excavating for a cellar in New Ross. The grave was not near a ceme tery. About flftv years ago a man named Noffslnger disappeared mysteri ously from New Ross and was not jeen nor heard from afterward. Residents of New Boss believe he met with foul Slay and was burled In the woods, which len covered the land where the grave was found. Noted Britons Send Messages on Conflict Give Views of Situation to American People on Anni versary of Declaration of War Upon Rus sians by Germany. ' nnranlvatlAn It Ytmm but more dangerous LONDON, July 31. Leaders of government, political leaders, and diplomats were asked for a "message to America" to be printed August 1 the anniversary of the day a year ago when Germany declared war on Russia. The responses follow: (Copyright, 1915, by the Unllsd Pret. Copyright in Great Britain). By the Rt. Hon. H. H. H. A8QUITH. (Premier of the British cabinet). I have been asked to send a message to the United States of America at the end of the first year of the war. The reasons why we arc fighting are known In America. The world haa Judged, and will Judge not our words, but our actions. The question today Is not of our hopes or our calculations, but of our duties. Or duty which we shall flnll Is to continue to the end In the course which we have chosen and "to do all which may achieve and cherish a Just and lasting peace." By VISCOUNT JAMES BRYCB. (Formerly Ambassador to the United States). In reply to your Question, there Is Just one thing I feel moved to say, be cause it Is well that neutral natlonn should understand why the British peo ple are so completely united In their resolution to prosecute this war with their utmost energy. It Is because they see the German government violating every principle of humanity In making the war a war against Innocent civil ians. This, at shown In the treatment of Belgium, In the dropping of bombs ron country villages, and In the sink ing of the Lusttanla, is a return to the savage methods of past ages that Is nothing less than a challenge to civil ized mankind. Our people feel that In nrhtlntr against it we are fighting not only for Justice, faith of treaties, and the rights of small nations, but for hu manity Itself. By CHRISTABEL PANKHURST, LL. B. (Editor of The Suffragette, weekly organ of the W. S. P. U., now with her mother, Mrs. Emmeline Pank hurst, fighting as hard with tne Brit ish government as she used to fight against it). Americans, you are in danger. The work of Washington and your forbears Is In Jeopardy. World freedom Is at grips with tryanny on the battlefield here In Europe. Your fate as well as ours deDcnds on the issues of this war. That Is hard and tragic fact. Bvery one of you has the same direct and per sonal stake in this war that wc in Europe have. If the Kaiser conquered the European nations he would not tolerate th con tinuance of freedom and independence of South America: he would not long tolerate the continuance of the freedom of the United States. Your turn would come next Even If Germany were only partially victorious In Europe, you would then be In danger, and we would . be powerless to help you. Do not underrate the power to Injure you, of this German nation whose chief trade 1 war: and do not underrate their will to bring you Into subjection. Many of Jthe British did not realize the meaning of the German peril until like a terrific storm It broke over our head. Fortunately ror us wo have gal-1 Innt allies but what would be our nosl- I tlon if we had to fight alone! The Ger-' man peril has from the earliest times been a grim reality; It Is a grim reality today, and by trie help of science and become not less with the passage or time. The cause of personal and national freedom which Is yours and ours will triumph In this war; but only because of the action of those who desire Its triumph. For God" helps those who help themselves, and the Divine will la ac complished through human Instrumen tality. Therefore, Americans, withhold noth ing and leave nothing undone which It needed to contribute) to the victory of liberty and civilization. Your country is one of the greatest strongholds of human freedom. May It be safe forever from capture by the enemy of freedom. By the REV. G. CAMPBELL MOR GAN, D. D. (Leading Congregational minister of Great Britain). The faith that sustains the British empire In this struggle Is that our un shaken cpnfldence In the ultimate vic tory of the principles of Justice and truth, of mercy and compassion. Our unpreparedness for war Is a demonstration of the fact that we had no desire for war. Seeing that it has been forced upon us, by reason of the Ideals to which I have referred, there is no question that the whole empire, hound together by these profound con victions, will put forth the last ounce t.f Its strength In vindication of them. 'Eugenic. Law Hits Cupid. MADISON, Wis., Aug. 1. Under the eugenic marriage law the number of wedding! In Wisconsin decreased from 21.052 in 1513 to 17,245 in 1014, a de crease of 3,807. Tlio following statement was writ ten by the attotney general in tne new British coalition cabinet. And dltcusres the probable duration of the war from tho British point of view. It also outlines the war course In the first year. received their supplies It a. tc-urco of satisfaction to us nnd admiration to our enemies. At the commencement of the war we were not and never did pietcnd to be a mllltarynatlon. An r.pcdltionarv force Of no.OW men and a small territorial army of 2w,W0 hieh for defense against Invasion was all we could boast of! but today Great Britain, teems with military campi, in which millions of men of tho finest material ro belhg trained and equipped to Cope with every emergency. No other nation In tho world ever produced or hoped to produce a voiun- I W1IIJ' V BUV.il UtUU Ul LIUflB. 11a nerois teer 4rmv the splendid And French imple, which herOlSm of oil!" Riiaalnn allies is not only an ex- stimulates us, but It is - - an additional Incentive to our national honor to carry on to an end the obliga tions we havo undertaken. Artd for the moment we are confront ed with tho lmjK).i.ill)lllty of offenslvo action by our brave Rusiilan allies, and are compelled to vnge a' costly and difficult war against tho Turks In the Dardanelles as well aa against our enemies In Flanders, wo cheerfully re solve to fit ourselves for tho situation which confronts us. We have the right to say to neutrals that our cause Is tust; that the war has been forced upon us, and that We are tnaklm? and are going to make every sacrifice that makes ft nation great to bring our caime to a successful conclu-slbn. By SIR EDWARD CARSON. Mow long will the war last and What wilt be Its result? To such questions an them any British subject can give- but one answer, and that Is that the war will last until the cause of the Atllta hat been brought to a successful Issue and Europe, and the world, have been re lieved from the Ideals Involved In the aggression of Prussian domination. The word peace doea not enter Into our vocabulary at the present time. It is banished from our conversation aa something Immoral and Impossible un der existing circumstances. And yet wc aro tho moat peace-loving people In the world; a nation which throughout thi globe, within iu many dominions, has Inculcated good government and So cial and industrial I'loaress. and the 11 00 exercise, in Its widest tent, of civil and religious liberty. Great Britain hates war, and no na tlop enters more reluctantly upon Its horrible and devastating operations; but, at the aame time, no nation, when It Is drlen to wur by the machina tions of Its foes who desire to filch trom It or from its co-champlon of liberty any portion of their inherited freedom, Is more 1 etched to tee the n.ntter through, at whatever cost, to & successful Itwtie. A year of war has transformed Great Britain. Of our navy I need hardly speak. It has upheld to the fullest ex tent the great traditions which (111 the pages of history in the past; It has driven Its enemies off the seas. It holds vast oceans free for almost the unin terrupted commerce of ncuttal powers, and It hat preserved these highways for Its own supplies of material and food almost without Interruption. I do not minimize the peril Of the submarines, which is In process of be ing dealt with through the careful and zealous watchfulness of our admiralty, but while the submarine has enabled the Germans to commit savage and in human atrocities contrary to the laws of civilization and against the settled rules of Internationa! law, it hat done nothing to affect the vast commerce of our empire. The German submarine attack haa signally failed to hamper our mliltlary operations. Under the protection of our navy, hundreds of thousands of men have been brofTit to the fighting area from the most aistant parts of the em pire. Troopships are crossing dally to France, and not a single ship or a sin gle soldier has been lost In the passage. The manner in which our troops have ilraP 1 jMMMtvataasM 'SaHEM0Gk .', 1 Buy Your Vacation Needs at THE GREAT BIRTHDAY SALE , OF THE TOGGERY SHOPS Cool Flannel and Summer Weight Suits $15.00 and $18.00 Suits $11.50 $20.00 and $22.50 Suits $13.25 $25.00 and $30.00 Suits $14.75 Any straw hat in the house ; values to -t fr $3.50; not job hats, but our regular stock. . p 1 (J) Manhattan Shirts at Regular Sale Prices. All $1 and $1.15 Shirts now 85c $1.50 Shirts now INCLUDING SPORT SHIRTS. All Other Grades Including Silk Shirts Proportionately Reduced. Zl $1.15 UNDERWEAR. $2.00 grades, now $1.45 f 1.00 grades, now 85c Porous Athletic Undershirts 14c 35c Fancy Hosiery 25c $1.00 Neckwear, now 65c 50c and 75c Neckwear, 35c; . 3 for , $1.00 $2.00 Pajarrtas $1.35 $1.50 Pajamas $1.10 $1.00 Pajamas 79c WE ARE OFFERING AN ASSORTMENT OF PALM BEACH SUITS Very Special at $6.15 PSPENDIDLY MADE ALL 8TYLES ALL SIZES. T SPECIAL NOTICE The Underwriters' Fire Insurance Company has notified us that after Sep tember 1. our premium of fire insurance will be increased from 50c a hundred to $1.61 a hundred. This tremendous increase makes it necessary to reduce stock to equalize our insurance cost with other expenses. $ SstiflBMiBiBaHHBHHkLjliBKiL ANNOUNCEMENT The following prices f.o.b. Detroit, effective Aug. 2, 1915: Ford Runabout $390.00 Ford Touring Gar 440.00. Ford Town Gar 640.00 No speedometer included in this year't equipment, otherwise cars fully equipped. Therecan be no assurance given against an advance in these prices at any time. We guarantee, however, that there will be no reduction in these prices prior to Aug. 1, 1916. Profit-Sharing with Retail Buyers On August 1, 1914 we made the announcement that if we could make and sell at retail 300,000 Ford cars between August 1, 1914 and August 1, 1915 we would share profits with the retail pur chasers, to the extent of from $40- to $60 on each car. We have sold over 300,000 Ford cars in the time specified, and profit-sharing checks of $50 each will be distributed as rapidly as possible after August 15, 1915. Retail purchasers who have not yet mailed us their profit-sharing coupons, properly endorsed, should do so without delay. Our plan to profit-share with retail purchasers of Ford cars during 1914-15 has been most successful. We thoroughly believe in it, but,, realizing the uncertainty of conditions generally makes it advisable to defer any announcement of future profit-sharing until a later date. We are, however, confident of our inability to reduce costs for several months, and therefore can offer no profit-sharing for cars delivered during August, September and October, 1915. 14 .25 To Order TAKE YOUR PICK OF Any Suiting in the House Values Up to $40.00 at One Price All Spring Suitings All Overcoatings All Summer Suitings All Fall Suitings All Winter Suitings POSITIVELY LAST WEEK! k for another month would mean m- $14.25 The prices of yarn and the prices of dyestuffs soaring to the sky, the holding of every yard of worsteds and woolens in my stock for another month would mean in creasing its value ten to twenty-five per cent. If you have in mind a suit of clothes for Summer or Fall, come in, pick out one or two ends, let us make them up at a price of Woolens will be higher, canvases, linings and trimmings are starting to soar, labor must necessarily increase, and we can assure the man who orders a suit tomorrow, even though he does not take it for two months, the lowest prices that he may liveto see, values considered. The greatest July business in the history of Stein Tailoring stores at a time when everybody is yelling, proves that Stem Tailoring values are all that we have said they were. Globe Unfinished wor sted, black Serge, United States Worsted Co.'s serge, blue, and hundreds of ends of suitings, sold as high as $40.00, Suit to order Every garment made under the personal supervision of Mr. Slein. This is a guarantee of correct ness in style and faultless workmanship. Only the most expert Union Tailors employed here. S14 A&50 QP I i Trousers To Order Made From the Ends of Bolts of the 0Q TC Finest Suiting, $6, $7 and $8 Values . f U Our Mr. E. F. Mudd, a designer of national reputation, will cut all gar ments in the latest 1915 styles. Every Suit Guaranteed to Satisfy or ftloney Back M. stein & CO. Quality Tailors Cor. 8th & F Sis. DETROIT &