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- tyirrngniyy my.y t JT" "'i'JW lw;' '-r ' lzyqmy fPfi rr THE WABHl'NUl'U TIMES J VHSMtSSfflCC aEWEIfflKK ' RfJ URL' (Eft(lBa0hinatOtl3&Il t wuPmuWH W1 tWJBUBHflD EVERT EVENING . ...... m -A-. ByThe Washington Times Company, thii MUNasr building., Panaa. .are, FRANK A. MUNSEY, President. ' K H. TITHERINQTON, Secretary, C. H. POPE. Treasurer. te Month. 81.78. Thraa Month. Me. WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 22, 1915. SiaHT-SBEINQ . STANOS ' I r The building of BTs.nriiitan.fe in the middle of sidewalks for the G. A. B. "" a burde that represents 40 encampment 'ought to bo an object' Pr cent increase in income taxes al towon of the unwidom of mit a ready high, and that involves the procedure for other occasions. - Tho work of the police-in handling crowds durimr the encamnment. and especially on the day of the neat I parade, will be made' much more dif- I firalt l.v tf WM..U.... ...... -.i.iau thine stands were smutted w tk tin valnahla .,... ..i .. ..j -F 1 .. x jre.icn- trians. At the Center Markt thv f-V m practically the entire sidewalk. At other points onlv a narrow na re- mains. At many of these points the stands could have been nlaced on the parking. If that cannot be dme it 9 m .a might be even better to place them in the street. But the principal point is that they should not be permitted in their present positions where much discomfort, crowding, and perhaps- acdidentsarelikely to result. DR. DUMBA AND POE The American people are now. thorbughly informed of the fact that Dr. Constantin Dumba is a devotee of the polite art of letters and that his literary output is considerable in quantity, no matter what we may think as to its quality. But until we read J. F. J. Archibald's description of the circumstances under which Dumba gave the correspondent the now notorious letter to the Austrian minister for foreign affairs we had no 'inkling of the fact that Ambassa dor Dumba was a student of the works of Edgar Allan Poe. ' It will be recalled by readers of Poe, and particularly of his tale "The Purloined Letter," it was the theory of C. Auguste Dupin that some crimes were concealed by the very obviousness of the method employed in hiding evidence of the wmno-rlnino. Ij Thus in this particular story the man who took the letter belonging to "a certain High Personage" kept it in his library in plain sight of every one that entered the room and thus disarmed the suspicions of the secret police of Paris who had searched the house from top to bottom in the con ventional secret police fashion. In explaining away his connection with the 'Aloined letter" of these days Archibald had this tp say in his formal statement about his connec tion with the Dumba affair: Dr. Dumba's letter waa given to me fh5!in(?tfnI.y,.uat th0 ,a8t foment on the dock at the foot of the steamed ?Fla1k ,U8t before a'nff. Hun dreds of persons were about, and ofecrVeacy.nt th 8,,htMt WestlSS I feel that the very openness of XAS; ,n 'chjhe letter a.r fivtn me shows that Dr. Dumba had no Intention of usln me or my. I? a5 R 8hi?M for the traninils JLi any '""Proper letters, but fcnowlnir personally that I was sailing-, simply availed himself of the As a student of Poe Dr. Dumba .proves himself quite equal to Conan Doyle in working up a plot; but the British government seems to have studied Poo also and played the role of Dupin with such success as to make the literary parallel perfect. OURS THE ONLY ART MARKET The report of the administrators 41 tn4-..4 M fTlt . - I of the estate of Theron .T. ni,vai the New York picture dealer who' . wn pilule ueaier wno committed suicide last year owing to his dread of a business catas trophe which Droved to h nfA,i ed, calls attention once more to the fact that since the wnr ii tt;j States is the onlv nnen nv m,.K left in the world. un tne day hostilities onnprf h art market automatlmllv Iaj j Europe. With the PvnnMn ...j wvowu ".,.,. few unimportant ' auction sales in London t.hnrA Vina mf uA . , "" "v" uoc" a single public sale of this character in more than a year in the great conti- nental art auction centers of Paris, VmYlCTfv tiMi Cfiiii.wl Frankfort, and Stuttgart. It was feared here that auction sales of art objects would meet little success in the season of 1914-16; and when needy Europeans sent over indifferent collections and forced their sales the financial results were not of the happiest. But with the coming of such superb collec tions as the Williams paintings and the Brayton Ives prints it was made plain that American amateurs and dealers had the money to pay and the willingness to pay 'it for such really fine things as these two col lections disclosed. At the Williams sale several new records were established, and the Brayton Ives closed with the credit of having netted the greatest total ever realized for an equal number of prints at any sale in the world. In Bpite of its uneven quality the Blakeslee collection realized a quar ter of a million dollars for 200 pic tures. As a final proof that America is the only art market in the world the .Case of the Reisinger collection be,.ri the Wffcerf witness. In plte otthe fact that this (fcrmaniAmer- ,cn hnt expressed in his will fhs. ftaatA tttat lata Iammmm aa.8 Ai. trian paintings be 'sold in Germany his executors have received permis- ,on to sell them fa;New York. The victories of peace are not only im- pressive'but varied. THE BRITISH BUDOBT .It Is a, staggering, burden that Britain assumes in the ,new budget presented to the' commons yesterday wvnvu w VftSV VVIU1I1V1ID jrCBVCAyS P Chancellor of therExchequer Mc necessity, of imposing new customs ?"" ' special wxes on war ? Th largest incomes in Great ?" will have , to pay 84 f" fent to the publicrevenues; and the lowest' taxable income will here- fter bo 8B0 instead of $800 as heretofore. . , . u viiu vie a u ob icaovi wio buaet w,u be Popular; and it may be .""urned that the government realizes thiB' The tax of profits of 5 nctern nold,?& wr contracts is holsted to 8 Polnt where aB much aB Rfl ak .-.. IhAOn nMkA4ai l... W jivt VV1IV Vi bllCOO iUU0 VT.lt ua lopped off and returned to the pub lic treasury. This will go far to mollify the opposition of labor to conscription and other measures de signed to mobilize effectively the human resources of the country. La bor has been disposed to view with much disaffection the huge profits that many war contractors have been earning while wages have not advanced in proportion to the cost of living. Feeling that the capital istic classes were getting the profits of the war. and that these classes had the most to be protected and conserved by a national victory in the stnurirle. the workinar neonle have shown disposition to insist on what they could regard as more nearlv a sauare deal. The new budget seems to promise it to them. The national debt of the United Kingdom will be raised, by the close of the year to about 11,000,000,000. It is a load that, after tue war is ended, will necessitate economic re adjustment of a wide-reaching char acter. Without doubt the domestic program of Mr. Lloyd-George, look ins to disintegration of srreat land holdings, and to a greater equaliza tion nf Aronomic conditions irener- ally, will receive a great impetus when, in peaceful times, the nation has to face the problem of making good the waste of the wan It is impossible as yet to estimate the effects of this new budget and its policy on the commercial relations of the United States with Britain. which is by a long way our best for eign customer. But from the outlines received by cable, there is little to cause apprehension here. The policy of 'keeping imports of foodstuffs as cheat) as possible does not seem to be interfered with in directions that will much affect the United States. Britain's imports from this country are at present almost entirely con fined to necessaries of life. Coffee, tea, and the like, are to pay higher rates; but they are not from Ameri ca, and the increase in their price, with consequent reduction of con sumption in England, will be most likely to cause some reduction in their prices here. Whatever may be thought of the manner in which Britain has met other problems, it must be admitted that it has faced the fearful financial burdens with a Btout heart and a confidence that betokens purpose to end the war in only one way with a W for tbe allies- From this TMA nwa uj 4-1 MVAnAdlAH a? aVl. time forward the proportion of the load that England must carry will ..0.. ... ..,, ..... be Iarscr and larger. But England is accustomed to that experience. MILITARY RESOURCES The three Balkan states of Bui garia, Greece, and Boumania, which are oi such vast military weigh and strategic importance that it is wide- ly oeuevea tneir entrance into the war on either side would decide the issue in favor of that bide, have an -'- -, " " aggregate population estimated at 16,770,000. This figure represents the best calculation possible as of tilt KanrinMtnn s$ 4-Vt a khahm.1. .. the beginning of the present year, and credited to them the increases in population gained through their conquests in the Balkan wars. In those two wars these three states are presumed to have put about a million men in the field, and there is little doubt that they are today prepared to utilize a consider ably larger number on very short notice, probably as many as 1,200, 000. These figures are impressive, yet so long ago as the census of 1910 the United States enumeration found in the two States of New York and Pennsylvania almost precisely the same population credited to the three Balkan nations. The total for the two American Commonwealths was 16,768,000, as against 16,770,000 for the three Near Eastern coun tries. How great are the possible mili tary resources of the United States is not even suggested by these fig ures. Bulgaria, Roumania, Greece are none of them wealthy communi ties. None has industrial import ance, and none has economic wealth J at all comparable with the two American Slates named. Either New York or- Pennsylvania would ap praise a total of wealth far in excess of these three European countries. Yet these three small and poor na tions are so important that as k they go the war may be determined. v The United States has passed the 100,000,000 poifit in population. France; has just about 40,000,000, and its per capita wealth is less than that of the United States. The .United, Kingdom has 46,000,000 pop ulation and a little more, than half the calculated wealth that the United, States possesses. Austria Hungary has 'about 5(f,000,000 peo ple and'a national wealth calculated at one-sixth that of the United States. Italy has 85,000,000 people and perhaps, one-seventh the .wealth of our country. Germany, . which has been made, in virtue of splendid preparedness, the greatest military power the world has ever seen, has just about two-thirds the population and a little over one-half the wealth of the United States. No nation on earth has the latent capacity to take care of itself so well as the United States could do. None has, in proportion to its abilities, neglected development of its possi bilities as has the United States, if we except only China. AN INCOMPLETE CAMPAIQN If, as reports from the war area indicate, the Germans have becrun withdrawing forces from the Rus sian front in order to prepare a great drive through the Balkans to the rescue of Turkey, it must be set down that they have abandoned the eastern campaign without finish ing it. Taking a slice of territory away from Russia is not destroying Russia's military power. The loss of Poland and parts of Lithuania and the Baltic provinces is a blow to Russia; but the Russian army is still m existence, and has demon strated wonderful powers of resist ance to disintesrratinor fActnra. There is plenty of reserve from which to restore it to formr strength, while the losses which the Germans have suffered in a futile effort to destroy it are not so easily to be compensated by new levies. The drive at Paris a year asro was expected to put France out of the fighting. It failed either to take Paris or to weaken gravely the re sisting power of France. The Rus sian campaign seems near a point where confession must be made of a like failure to achieve complete success. The situation in the Bal kans and at Constantinople will not wait. To make sure of holding Bul garia, Germany must hurry to Bul garia's assistancekand to do that she must leave the eastern field with extended lines and weakened forces. Neither France nor Russia has been conquered. The German plan con templated conquering first France, then RusBia. Roumania and Greece are prepar ing for instant entrance upon the fighting field. Their forces aggre gate about twice those of Bulgaria; so that it is not apparent how in the long course of events the Germans can benefit unless they smash a way through Serbia and rescue the Mos lems before the Balkan situation can be fully developed. It is another case in which Germany's chance of success lies in her ability to deliver the swiftest blow. But it will be no easy matter brushing the Serbians aside; they are supported by a great British, French and Italian power which has the advantage of con trolling the sea in a region where fsea transportation is the best. To use enougn iorce in tne tfaitcans to accomplish a decisive victory would mean that the Teutonic countries must weaken their lines elsewhere and risk a great offensive by the Anglo-French in the west. With the record of two indecisive campaigns, the Germans are appar ently entering on a third that can hardly be decisive. The war extends its area) but produces no evidence of either side's capacity to gain con clusive advantage. At his present rate of retrogres sion, Mr. Bryan will soon be in consequential enough to be threat ened with a Vice Presidential nom ination for 1916. Having lined up the other paci fists, the Duke of Tarrytown can while away his spare moments lec turing against national prepared ness before an audience of his armed guards. After this surfeit of Europe, hy phens, submarines, and suffragettes, it's going to go hard when we are again reduced to talking about the weather. Explorer Stefansson's unfortu nate faux pas in allowing himself to be discovered, removes the last possible candidate for the Nobel prize. The threat of English labor to revolt will be no surprise to the folks who regard, all labor as re volting. And now the sweet sisters will meet the exigencies of tye . colder weather by carrying warmer para sols. t MAIL BAG X l(From Thg Timet Readers.) CMimualeatlena te the Mall Ms mast .! 7"Jttn en cm side of the paper 'only! Jnu net esed MO wards 'In length, and must be signed with name aaf addrMi of sender. The publication ef letters In The Times' MalT-Bag deee "5. J!",?5. Mi1 Indorsement byTheaB"lmes of the eptntoai of the writer. TNT Mall Bag to an open forum, where the , ettl a e 'WQhtegtM eaa argae 'moat questions. The Few SarriVera of ' BerAuw' - BhanMhowten 'Are Glad te Be '"KimenbereaL To the Bdltor of -THB.TIMBSt hooter are glad o be'remembered.'and we appreciate very much your notice in The Times of September J5, and .thank you, for.lt,. but ask you to -correct-some ueiaus. - W meafwlth 1 fUlmA CV.. In 4ha room asslvnAil tn ttif-i Htit't... ui,i Invitation we, march in the .parade Ptp temoer . at the nead of the Depart tnent of Wisconsin; a 'we MA at Bar toaa 'and Totixln. .There were no Indiana companies In the First negiment of Sharpshooters. A, B, -D, and 'H ware from New Tork; C, I, and K from Michigan; K from New Hampshire: F. from Vermont, and O from Wisconsin. The targets used In the testa for ad mission were not bull's-eye targets with lings around the bull's-eyes; they had .. "" vumic iiilu um. a lie oiu style. called "string measure." waa uaad, tha ";""'" vi nw oi ing ten snois iruui the center.belng added together, and tha total distance of all ten shots had to ba " "ii iiy incnos. m If .Truman Had, our dear old "Call lornia joe," Could rend that he wore "a minting costume and coonskln cap throuvh tall tK .. ,... -..... I. I, he would surely turn over In the grave, ... niu nun since ims. ne was not ttlAt lrlnrl rt a mm U. M ... the most modest and quiet and unas suming little n-n:lpmon that eer lived, iV -."" .'"." yaara wnen ne en listed, and the stress of the pentnaula that his health failed, his eyesight was """"" ., ana ne was nonoraDiy aio charged late In the fall of that year. Captain United States Armv.' Prlva.t nAMMMw n t,..i ! & 9ZJ . . wjVm1! " "ciuan r irsi iuiimni, U. B. H. H. uni, ma., Kept. 10 Believes the Human Flag Will Be a Highly Appreciated Feature of the G. A. R. Encampment. To the Bdltor of THE TIMES: If you will kindly give the writer a short space In your esteemed paper, 1 would like to say, in regard to the pro posed human flag, now In process of organlxation, that I have seen several human" flag assemblages of school children at the national encampments of. the O. A. It. and It was always a feature highly appreciated by the vet erans. It Is n ceremony in which every boy or girl that can do so, should par- ucipaie. n win always d a pleasure to the memory in after years to the sion Is a rare opportunity for the boys and girls to express their patriotism and lend- a hand to serve their country. Among the many human flags I have seen. I recall with pleasure, the mem ory "oX. the Toledo. Ohio, human flag, at tho Q. A. R. encampment In 1908. This waa one of the largest, made up oi imeen nunarea scnooi cmidren. trained In singing, and drilled in tne rising and sitting ' movements of the alternate, sections, with arand effect. The children held a rehearsal tha day before the grand parade, under the di rection of Prof . -Korthneur, musical composer, and teacher of Toledo, and all passed smoothly off. As each com mand marcnea dv tne human flag, so Impressive waC the surht. that all the marching affed veterans took off their hats to It. .The old soldier- of many battles tas touched, for he had daughters and grandaughters at home or singing In Paradise, and with nis Dame-bronsea nana ne wipes a tear from his eyes. The one piece sung with great effect by the children waa 7,Freedom Triumph ant." -. words written by the late Kate Sherwood, wife of Congressman Sher wood of the Ninth Ohio Congressional district, music being by Prof. Korth neur. One of the first human flags In the country was in Boston on the occasion or the return or Admiral uewey to our country after the battle of Manila Bay. lit was a grand success and re ceived great applause of the multitude. N. CLARK PRITCHARD. Former Aide de Camp Colonel on Na tional Staff. 1909. National Military Home, Tennessee. September IS. 1915. Finds the Ringing of Church Bells Disturbs His Peace. To the Editor of THE TIMES: Last week a "Sufferer" aired his views of the discordant noises In this our beautiful city of Washington. I have also been a sufferer latety from some of these noises. The other morning I was awakened, and on coming to mv semes found the disturber of my peace was church bells. It struck m'e to count the peals, and they mounted up to forty-seven. How many there were before I began to count I know not. A man does not need the fire department going by his home to enable him to got to his place of business on time. Why do church at tendants require the tolling of bells to get- them to service? Cats! A man may own a dog: he has to pay for that privilege. A dog Is a companion to man. The dog may bark at night, but In very few instancca Is a neighborhood kept awake by the howling of dogs, cats, now what good are they? To catch rats and mice? Mavbe. A cat Is noted for being on the premises of Its owner at meal times. At other times It is circulating about the grounds of others, ruining valuable plants, digging up the garden, and otherwise making Itself a nuisance. A license Is not required for cats. A dog Is a protection to prop erty, yet one has to pay for that pree lection. A cat Is a thorough nuisance, yet no payment Is required. Why Is this? Is there any Justice In the mat ter? Roosters cannot be kept by any one -within the city limits. Why? On ac count of their crowlnc. Cats do not crow, but they howl and yell like de -en iiko uc- .trtefi et at nlsht mons, and that principally hours when those who work and require peace and quiet at are kept awake by howls and yatls. Take the metal In church bells, melt It Into crosses and give them to those who petition the Commissioners to remedy some of the local "disturbers of the peace." which are real and not Im aginary nuisances. The Kaiser gives Iron crosses to those who distinguish themselves on the field for valor; why not reward peace-loving Washlngtonlans with bronie medals for helping to make their own city a "peaceful" place of abode? The above are simply two causes of discord here. These two, If done away with, would. help ONE OF THE SUFFERERS. Washington, Sept. II. U.S. Will Fight Disease By Stereopticon Slides tt.U TTl-.a .-,.- Tk.WltM U.alth SrV. 4 o wiuicu oiaics iuot- ,..- - Ice has released for public and private lrtllrra it.MAnH.nn 1M.1I denlctlm? sanitary conditions throughout the United States and methods of Hunting , The slld.es will be kept In a loan II- hrrv tmm kl. .... m h secured vucauoa. One' Year Ago Today in the War - Eitectlvcneie of submarine warfare-was shewn .one'vatr ago todays September 22, when German undersea craft sank the British' armored cruisers Aboukir, Creasy, arid Hogue. Jaroslau, an important Austrian fortress seventeen miles northeast of Przemysl, was .taken by die Russians. The inhabitants' of Przemysl and Cracow fled 'en masse! The :Germans, captured Craonne, but the Teutonic": right was turned A between Peronne'and St. Quentin. 5 Administration Chiefs Divided as to Legality Of British Trade Rule 1 Protests in Behalf of American Exporters Would Be More Convincing If It Were Not for Attempts in Past to Depart From "Squareness," Official Believes. By JUDSON C. WELLIVER. The outstanding fact observable in those quarters of official .Washington that deal with foreign charges that Great Britain has unreasonably interfered with Ameri can trade to the rest of the world, is that officials divide on the question very much as other people do according to their sympathies as between the two sides in the war. A trade expert in one' department, when asked about the pro posed loan to France and Great Britain, leaned-back in his chair and demanded: "Why aren't the American financiers dividing it and making a loan to Germany and Austria, too?" His name explained more than the question did. It was a Ger man nam SAYS U. S. WOULD Another, an administrative officer In the same department, waa aaked his opinion about the charges of undua British interference with American trade. "Oh." ho retorted, "do you think, If we were in Great BrltaJn'a place, we would neglect any of the meaaures England has adopted, to slnure that our blockade or an enemy would be ef fective T' This man's name told a story of, in dubitable English parentage. The two Instances may ba multiplied throughout the whole Government serv ice. Only a very little conversational scratching Is necessary to develop the tartar underneath the skin. Soon after the Lusltanla sinking a civilian officer of a branch of the naval service, being immensely pleased with, the achieve ment or the Germans, boasted to a mem. ui mv utnniiu, ovuira 10 a. group of friends that he had known alii about the German plans for sinking the big liner, a considerable time before the uennan- tranuHy aaverusea tne purr lose. "How did you know?" he wai asked. "Wome of the German naval officer Interned at Norfolk let me In on It," was the reply. "Well," suggested an astonished friend, "I should think that the less you boasted about such confidences aa that, while you are In the Navy De partment, the more likely your aervloaf would be to be retained permanently." The subject has not been much urged by that particular Government em ploye since. Many of German Descent. Attempts to get at the real sentiment of Government authorities about -the effect of the war restrictions on our commerce abroad leads one very soon to realize how far this sort of feeling extends. Among the permanent em ployes of the Government are an ab normally large proportion of people of Germanic origin. It would appear; which Is explicable by the fact that Germans are especially given to research and statistical work that fits them for tha expert service of the Government. A Government officer who frankly, but confidentially, admitted his strong leaning toward the allied cause, was asked whether he had discovered rea sons for Americans to take umbrage at the treatment of our trade by England. "A war of this kind Isn't the politest or most considerate affair in the world." he said. "I don't see wherein the allied countries have done anything to us that we. If in their position, wouldn't be likely to do to neutrals. Suppose we were at war with the empire of Ruri tanla. which I believe Anthony Hope put on the map. Rurltanla needed cot ton, copper, foodstuffs, and other things produced by us and our dominions. Would we permit .those articles to be exported from our territories to neutrals that would promptly send them to Rurltanla? I think not. It seems lulte llkelv that we would not only ob ject, but that we would try to make certain before such shipments were per mitted that they would never get to our enemy. It might be necessary to adopt a policy of favoring foreign buy ers who would give us satisfactory guarantees that these staples would not fall Into the hands of the enemy. Gets Administration Opinion. "There has been criticism of the fact that the Liverpool cotton exchange has secured signatures from members pledging them to give a preference. In dealings abroad, to houses that would agree not to deal with the Germanic countries during the war. Now, I can understand readily enough that If we were at war the cotton exchan... nnH the organizations of manufaitSfeM by taking an exactly similar Dosltion Hy.,nK Juil. y?at: Jt wo"lI be re garded as a highly patriotic action. It makes a difference whose ox Is gored The foreign firms that were gored prob ably would not like It." pr D Reflection of AdmlnlsfraH . was obtained in one high quarter wheh CAn fcl rKrd,'d accurately inform ed. The observation waa made bvii important Governmental peraonwje thX the protests in behalf of American ex porters would be more convfriHnr it there had not been w many deDarturis from strict regularity ana .Sen ? .nh'i)v,p'nF fW1 (" thlsTSunt?" r'eplVeSlTthrmPelledlherileS Ke'rs. lh 'Thf r eumr H countries, and billing cargoes to tho "Free .port of CopenhaBen'' as iftty were rcallv Intended for the port of Copenhagen and the open Danish mar Trickery Is Discovered. "The free port of Copenhagen." ho explained. "Is by law separated from ana a very nirercnt affair port of Copenhagen. It Is from the transportation t.minal. lau" Vhlpp for th.UaaSo7L a .sort of trade questions, concerning the ACT LIKE ENGLAND. cargoes may ba brought while awaiting reoonslgnment, without payment of duties. Goods going there do not be come part of the general stock of Den mark's supplies. Whan you reallxa that In a short period enough of certain articles waa consigned to tha free port of Copenhagen, to supply eight thnes the normal annual demand of all Den mark, you will be Impressed that some body tried to 'put something over; and that's lust what happened. The trick waa discovered and stopped; and Americans didn't gain in standing aa a result." The apeaker went on to discuss another phaae of the British restric tions against tha United States' foreign trade. In the matter of rubber, Un, plumbago, ferro-manganese and some other articles, the British authorities have required that Americana getting supplies of those should contract not to re-export the materials, or their pro- """it i" l" uicm oniain, rr&nco or Russia; and In some cases it has auct, except to Great Britain. Franca even been specified that the re-exports should be exclusively to British dotnln-ln".- . Thus the United States Is re trlcted to a very narrow market, while tha whole neutral world needa these manufactures. The actual experience of the Ameri can manufacturers In theae lines, how ever, has been, according to the De partment of Commerce's advices, that these restrictions have been relaxed in particular cases where satisfactory showings were made aa to the destina tion of shipments. The rigid conditions '5vri'?.,mp08?d ,n or,er to avoid the pos sibility of fraud; to compel a specific and satisfactory showing of the facta hout destination to be made in every case. This ihmvlnr tuatmr iv.t. -nS III Burit,8n aa-enta being satisfied that , .ipH.eiuB wouia never reach Brlt- Iililif.n.Inle' the "hlpments have been permitted to proceed. Business No-Seriously Hurt.. An illustration was given In the case of the largest American uaer of plum bago. It cornea from Oylon which la British, and lsoised in manufacture ofl onemical crucibles and Ilka articles. Germany Is in great need of it Britain doesn't propose to have her get It; and the most iron-clad contract has to be signed, by people who are allowed sup- ?ile."- .uBut' 'wJhl,e th,B contract agrees that the product shall positively not f.?1 $..0,th-er than " "J"8 countries, the British agents have freely enough relased those Intended for real neutral use and assured of never getting to the central empires. As a result, this leadlne American user of plumbago Is quoted as being satisfied that he is getting as liberal treatment as could possibly be expected. He Is perfectly satisfied to be "square" with the Brit ish authorities, and he understands Just how Insistent they are to keep his wares away from Germany. He has not found his business with neutral custom ers seriously Interfered with; his only complaint has been that his supplies of the native mineral have to come to him uy wuy oi ionaon. and that this In. volves some delays; but these, even. have been mucn reduced In recent months. SPECIAL SESSION OF SENATE, UNDECIDED Developments In International Situation Likely To Decide Attitude of President. Speculation still continues whether there will be a special session of the Senate this fall. Indications are that It will largely depend on developments In the International situation, and that if that situation continues delicate and uncertain the President will not call it. A new reaaon for not calling a spe cial session is seen by many in tho Mexican situation. Until it is settled whether a stable government can bo set up there and recognized, it is thought the President would not wel come wholesale discussion In the Sen ate. Nevertheless, some of the Senate lenders uro continuing to advocate a special session beginning In October, or, at moit, not later than November 1. Civic Betterment Work For Southwest Begins Dans for a vlsorous campaign for civic bettornicnt are to bo formed to night by the South Washington Citi zens' Association, at St. Dominic's Hall, Sixth ami V streets southwest There v. a a prrllmlnnry meeting of tho dt'zent.. of tho southwest Lection lust Wcvlncdiiy tvenltu when a number of new ireinheta .crc enrolled, and If was detldcU to hold a big meeting tonight "HUSBANDAHO WIPE" OPENS IN NEW YORK Chirft Kenyon't Latest Offir lnfl It Prewiitod atTheatwy on Forty-Eighth Street. "Husband and Wife," an "eternal triangle" play In three acta, by Charles Kenyon. presented by William A. Brady and Arthur Hopkins, opened last night at tha Forty-eighth Street Theater, in New Tork. with Robert Edeaon in the leading role, and- a strong supporting company. While the critics differed slightly aa to details, they were one in counting the drama a auccess. Playing opposite Edeson Is Mlsa Olive Tell, who laat appeared In New York aa leading woman for' Julian Eltlnge. Charles Kenyon, tha author, also wrote "Kindling;" The pla provldea some new variations of the eternal trlangfa. Richard Baker, the hero of the play, has squandered his fortune to keep his butterfly wife awing and haa even been tempted into stealing from his bank. But In catering only to the creatures comforts of his "Nora." he has en dangered her love and, driven desperate by his seeming materialism, she plans to elope with a lover. The elopement begins on the 'very night that the de tectives come to arrest Baker for' his defalcations. Mrs. Baker and her lover have left the house before the police arrive, but by an entirely logical chain of circumstances they are headed off and return to the home of Baker to find him In his difficulties. The love of Doris Baker for her hus band floods back when ahe learns of hla trouble and realises that she Is at bottom responsible for it And then to dry her tears the lover draws a check for something more than $3,000 to save Baker from Jail. The action of the drama passes In one scene a richly appointed living room In the home of the Bakers at Los Angeles, Cal. "Moloch." a atlrrinr war drama. opeiiW 6a Monday night at the New Amsterdam Theater, with Holbrook Bllnn In the leading role. By Baulah Marie Dlx. this play in three acts with a prologue and epilogue, haa been hailed aa one of the greatest of the anti-war offerings. "The Playgoer" of the Evening Bun says of this drama in his first night review: , " 'Moloch' consists of a prologue, three acts, and an epilogue. In the prologue, 'befoh de war,' and in the first act, during mobilisation, every one Is mild and loving and still able to drink milk of human kindness with out getting Indigestion. "But In the second act the Greens In vade the town. The lieutenant quar tered In the house la murdered by the young maid servant, who haa loat her stater and a couple of other relatives. This girl Is taken outalde and shot, and me memDers ot tne ramny are a riven Into the street. The third act. on the firing line, is anything but tame, aa one incident will show. A half-witted conscript, poor devil, who refuses to fight, is shot dead by hla commanding officer (the hapleas Robert) in full view of the audience. Shells are ex ploding all around and there la excite ment enough to satlcfy even 'Under Fire' fans. In the last act come the fruits of victory, green, unpalatable. and unfit for human consumption. Such is war aa Miss ueuian M. Dlx sees it. "Holbrook Bllnn was at his best In the part of Robert, and Miss AlbertRon'a remarkably fine work aa Katharine, his wife, we have mentioned already. Mrs. Thomas Whlffen. as Robert's mother. proved she Is as much beloved by thea tergoers as of yore. Miss Louise Rutter fitted well Into the family Dlcture as Gertrude. Robert's sister. -z-Moiocn.' tor ail its dealing with war. Is better than the beat war play ever written because, it Is essentially a peace play. It's also poignant drama very well acted." PORTO RICAN HEAD VISITS WHITE HOUSE Governor Yaeger Discusses Plans To Relieve Congestion With President. President Wilson yesterday discussed with Governor Teaser of Porto Rico a plan to relieve the- congestion of popu lation on the Island's territory by means of emigration. According to this clan, for whirl, no new legislation Is required, the govern ment of the Island would undertake to finance a general movement of surplus farm labor from Porto Rico to Cuba and other Weat Indian countrlea. under treaties to be made with these countries by the Department of State. Mr. Yeager told the President that he waa convinced after his two vem-n' m. idence on the Island, that the principal irouoie mere nas Deen aue not so mucn to political aB to social conditions. Porto Rico, he said, averages a popu lation oi juu persons to the square mile, or more than obtains In any State of the United States, with the exception of Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New Jersey. IN CAPITAL TODAY Meeting. In celebration of emanclDatlnn proclamation, mount Larniel Church Third and I streeti northwest. S d. m. ' "a Dance, minstrel show and entertalnra.n Boosters' ciuo or Builders' and Manufac turers' Exchange. Washington Canoa Club 8:30 d. m. -v. Meeting, Sduth Washington Citizens' ' .Asao and F ciiuion. oi. kuuuiuo nan, sixth Convention. .Illuminating Engineering Ha. streets Boutnneni, 9 p. m ciety, small Dan room. New Wlllard t SO a. m. ' Masonic Harmony, No. IT; Mount Pleauni Columbia. No. 1: Royal Arch Masons- Star ' " -"ra Odd Fellow s Eastern. No. 7; Federal Cltv No. M). Harmony, No. . vuy' Knlgnts ot fi inias Columbia. No. 8: Friend ship Temple. No. 9. Pythian Slstera. Roial Arcanum District Council Jr. O. U. A. M. Edward J. Rosa Coune:. No M. Mission. Epiphany Chapel. Twelfth and C streets soutnwest, s p. m. Meeting, for election of officers, Cliarin union, w. u. T. u headquar'era, BE Sixth street northwest, 1:30 p. in. Amusements. Belasco-'Teg O' My Heart," S:15 p. m. Poll's "Under the Red Robe," ;:1J and ('3 p. ni. Keith's Vaudeville, 2:15 and 1:15 p. m. Uaety Burlesque, 2:u and 8:15 p. m. Tomorrow. Mission. Epiphany Chapel. Twelfth aria a streets souths eat, 8 p. m. Conentlon. Illuminating Engineering So- clely. Hmall ball room, 9,;o a. m. . Meeting, District (Suffrage League, People's rorum, fciKnin street ana Pennsyhanla nenue northwest. S to 10 n. m Masonic The New Jerusalem, No. i; Tern-ple-Noes. No. M; Naal. No. 4j Wash lngton. No. I. Roal Arch Masons: Win V Hunt. No. 18. Eastern Star. Oild Fellow s-balem. No. 72; Columbia. No la. Woman' Benefit Association of tha Mac cabees I'nlon. No. C. , Rojal Arcanum Capitol Council, Kltmet t-OUUkll. WHAT'S ON PROGRAM i -'