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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, September 25, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 6

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THE WASHINGTON TIMES: SATWDAT? SEPTEMBER 25; 1015.
Slteaahmton GBmor
PUBLISHED EVERT EVENINO
By Tho Washington Times Company,"
" muooiKt jiuiiuiru, l'enna. nv.
FRANK A. MUNSEY, President.
R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary.
C- H. POPE, Treasurer.
2E? iT'Ti. (lnJ5,udln" Sunday). U.W.
Bt Months. H.78. Three Month" SOe.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1915
THE EASTERN HIOH SCHOOL
SITE
Most folks in the District of Co
lumbia think their taxes are high
enough. If this general opinion is
well founded there can be nothing
but praise for the action of the
District Commissioners in turning
down . the award of the condemna
tion board for the Eastern High
School site. The assessors valued
the property at $52,000. The con
demnation award was $133,000. No
one ever hopes to see the Govern
ment buy land at the assessed value,
but when the public Treasury is
asked for nearly three times the
public valuation it is time to call a
haft.
A curious factor of the claims of
the property owners in this case
was the demand for $35,000 for
mineral rights in sand and gravel.
Mineral rights in city lots along the
Anacostia are admittedly valuable,
but there is a theory that when one
buys a city lot he gets the mineral
rights along with the lot.
If the, provision of a new high
school for East Washington is de
layed by this action of the Commis
sioners the whole community will
regret the delay, but thinking citi
zens will not put the blame on the
District Commissioners. They will
bjame those exultant optimists
whose ideas of values forced the
action.
If the Commissioners had done
otherwise than reject the award,
they could not well have stopped
short of doubling the taxes in the
eastern section of the city. In such
circumstances it is comforting to
reflect that these experts who
valued this land are not pur as
sessors. ATHLETICS IN SCHOOLS
It is easy to start a debate almost
any time in a medical convention
about the value of college athletics.
Such a discussion was evoked when
the athletic question came before the
Pennsylvania Medical Society, now
in session in Philadelphia.
One physician deplored the undue
exertion of rowing, sprinting, long
distance running, and even football,
Evils of these sports are exagger
ated in high schools, he said. Boys
between fourteen and eighteen are
more apt to damage their hearts
and nervous systems than older
men.
'This brought forth heated re
joinder from a former football star,
now a prominent physician. He
pointed to himself, and to other ex
athletes in good health, as contro
versions to the idea that strenuous
athletics means an early grave. He
hit the nail on the head when he
concluded, "If we are constantly
dwelling on the evils of excess in
athletics we will make everyone
want to be restful, quiet, and China
fied. We doctors should take more
interest in schoolboy athletics and
direct them."
Marathon running is dying out.
That was but a temporary craze.
Football as now played is free from
the dangers and tremendous strains
of the old-time game. Rowing is con
sidered harmless unless overdone.
Track athletics are beneficial if
properly conducted. Even with these
left out there are many sports now
growing in favor in colleges and
high schools which bring boys out
doors. Tennis, swimming, and base
ball are not open to the objections
of being too strenuous.
Especially does the city boy need
to be encouraged to take part in
athletics. He is in no danger of
becoming decadent, but often the
bugaboo of "too much trouble" pre
vents him from taking enough ex
ercise. A school or college boy
trained to take healthful exercise is
not so apt to abandon the habit
SOUTHERN COTTON WEALTH
German merchants have offered
American exporters 16 cents a
pound for a million bales of cotton
laid down in Bremen. To cover the
$80,000,000 represented by that
much cotton at that price, the Ger
man firms have deposited American
securities at our consulate in Ber
lin. But that bulk order of a million
bales of cotton will not be sold
and delivered in Bremen at 16 cents
or at any other price, because it can
not go through the fleets of the
allies shutting out with their block
ade just such important cargoes.
And yet because of the loss of
that big prder from the Bremen
merchants the cotton growers of the
United States will not be in despair.
If during this season never a pound
of cotton should be smuggled into a
German port the American cotton
growers could still remain cheerful.
For while a year ago all over tho
South was resounding the calamity
oy of "6-cent cotton," and while
later many thousands of bales were
sold from 7 cents up to S cents, cot
ton this season has 'iki skipping
merrily along toward tihcr prices
until today it is v.O't Oast 11 conts
a pound, with more than 12 cents
asked for spring deliveries and with
every prospect that before long it
will go very much higher for all de
liveries. Ahd the difference between 6-ccnt
cotton and 11-cent cotton or" between
7 and l2-cent cotton or 8 and 13
ccnt cotton or 0 and 14-cent cotton
is $25 a bale; and there will not be
merely a million bales to sell at
this price, there will be millions of
bales. And a difference of $25 a
bale on no moje than ten million
bales is a difference of a quarter
of a billion dollars more put into
the pockets of the cotton growers
as a better return for their cotton
this year than last.
The American cotton grower last
season didn't meet the disaster to
which twelve months ago he fore
saw' himself doomed. He got out
of it in pretty fair shape when, af
ter the turn of the year, he could
sell at between 9 and 10 cents vast
quantities of cotton at which no
body would look in the fall for 7 and
8 cents. He can see his old-time
prosperity ahead of him now, with
a likelihood that the 11 and 12-cent
cotton of today will probably be 13
and 15-cent cotton before the South
is out in the fields doing its spring
plowing.
THE FINANCIAL "JAG"
It is announced from Berlin that
subscriptions' to the third German
war loan now total over three bil
lions of dollars, with some parts of
the country not yet reported. The
three great popular loans floated by
the empire produced respectively
$1,125,000,000, $2,140,000,000, and
now over three billions for the most
recent output of securities. The fig
ures suggest that German financial
power is as wonderfully organized
as is German military force.
It is worth while, however, to re
call the circumstances under which
German subscriptions to the war
loans have been given. The restric
tions on German commercial and
financial relations with the world
have been so onerous that it is im
possible to guess how much Ger
many's paper currency would be dis
counted if it were in use as a world
medium. It is certain, however, that
the country is practically on a naner
basis, and that the loan banks have
emitted quantities of notes that
have inflated the currency of the
country to such an extent that nom
inal subscriptions to the present
loan have a doubtful relation to ac
tual values. Germany has not been
forced seriously to face the problem
of a money standard common to the
commercial world. France and Eng
land have faced it, and have stood
by the gold standard in a manner
that has brought them present em
barrassments but also the assurance
of future satisfaction. There could
be no worse error than to assume
that Germany's ability to float a
three-billion dollar loan at homi.
while the allies are dickering for a
half-billion dollar credit in America,
indicates German financial super
iority. Germany has a splendidlv
superior economic mobilization; but
she has no financial organization to
correspond to it.
NEARINQ THE BERESINA
It appears now that Marshal von
Hindenburg, in his advance east
ward from Vilna, the dearlv bought.
has failed in the destruction or cap
ture of the Russian army of more
than 600,000 men which was driven
out of that fortress and the posi
tions immediately surrounding it.
rart oi tne uerman forward
movement is now directed at the
crossing of the Beresina a name of
sinister import for invaders of Rus
sia before the retreating Russians
reach that river. The historic ac
tion of the Beresina, which was
fought on October 14-17, in a tem
perature of 20 degrees below zero
centigrade, was one of the memories
which troubled the sleep of Na
poleon at St. Helena. In that battle
both sides were victorious the Rus
sian Generals Kutusoff. Wittgen
stein, and Tchitchagoff because they
destroyed 50,000 soldiers and cap
tured twenty-four French cannon,
heavy losses as measured by the
standards of those days and Na
poleon because he succeeded in ex
tricating the remnant of his forces
and in escaping capture himself.
The Russian commanders of the
present, like the French commnnrl-
ers in 1812, have lost territory stead
ily, but have succeeded in maintain
ing the unity of their forces and in
inflicting upon the enemy losses
which can be measured by the state
ment, given out on official Russian
authority, that Vilna cost Von Hin
denburg a total of no less than a
quarter of a million men.
In at least one respect, however,
the Germans of today enjoy an un
mistakable advantage over Napo
leon in their operations. It is sug
gested by the huge network of rail
ways which have fallen into Ger
man hands,, and which will enable
the invaders to transport supplies
and re-enforcements with vastly
greater rapidity and regularity
than Napoleon could with his relays
of horse clcdges imd bullock wagons.
Giving nil duo weight to this fact
and to the additional fact that the
Germans havo a far better morale)
than Napoleon's army, which was I
nindo up largely of a nondescript ,
medley of rnccs, mnny fighting un
der compulsion, tho Germans are'
face to face, as the campaign de
velops ana dragnet after dragnet is
I drawn taut with comparatively
empty meshes, with the momen
Itous fact that the Russian army,
'though suffering grievously, re-
uiHins, uncapiureu ana unaestroyea.
This failure is bound to exert an
important effect upon the campaign.
There is no inherent reason why an
army in beine. with unlimited re-
i sources of men at its back, with
allies prepared to stock them with
arms and ammunition, and constant
ly approaching its own base, should
not ultimately prove an army in
effective offensive action.
THE IDEAL OF WASHINGTON
On occasions like the G. A. R. en
campment, great conventions, and
Inaugurations, Washington focuses
in its true light as a great and
beautiful national city. There is u
subtle difference in the attitude of
those who come to it, from that of
visitors to other cities. Elsewhere
the stranger is shown the sights of
"our city" by the natives with a
patronizing air. Here there is the
feeling among guests .that they are
in their own city, their Capital; and
the feeling, if elusive, is real.
This attitude is a -thing somo
members of Congress seem unable to
grasp. All of it is psychological.
But we are coming to know that im
pressions of the mind are just as
real as those of things one can
touch, and taste, and fetil. Only the
curbstone wag laughs nt that idea.
It is not flying too far into fancy
to say that Washington represents
an ideal. Archaeologist? dig into
buried cities, and from the ruinsl
clearly discern the life and soul of
the people who inhabited them. Vis
itors going about Washington arc
bound to get a better opinion of the
principles this Government stands
for, and it is poor patriotism that
would begrudge the material ex
pressions of national ideals in
which Washington abounds.
For this next week Washington
can forget the many perplexing
problems it faces, apportionment
plans and fiscal budgets, and go
about the business of playing the
gracious host to those whose city
this is. Every year the folk from
the States realize more fully that
this city is not a place of residence
for a parasitic group of hangers-on
to the national purse strings, out a
city which is both a place of beauty
and the scene of constant service
to the nation.
BUILDING FOR DEMOCRACY
The other day the party leaders
in ODnOKltlOn to tho Dormnnix nrn J
gram of Bulgaria had audience of
Czar Ferdinand and, if the circum
stantial accounts of the affair may
be trusted, told him in plain words
that he was committing a fearful
mistake. Bulgaria, they insisted,
does not sympathize with Germany
in the war; it wants to stand with
Russia, ancient patron of all Slav
races; and it especially objects to
being lined up with its traditional
enemy, the Turk.
In the second Balkan war Bul
garia, under the leadership of a
Germanic ruler, tried to commit na
tional suicide, and came near suc
ceeding. The people have come to
realize what an error that perform
ance was; and there has been in
creasing disposition to place the
blame on Czar Ferdinand. It is
not impossible that an effort to
project Bulgaria into the war in op
position to the allies might wreck
the dynasty and produce a civil war.
The world has seen Roumania and
Greece in very similar positions be
cause their rulers represented senti
ments not coincident with those of
the people. These experiences are
going far to build for more demo
cratic governmental forms. The
realization has never been so strong
as it is today, all over Europe, that
no government is safe thajt does not
represent and is not responsible to
the f people. There must be such
representative and responsible char
acter if there shall be guarantee
against more wars breaking upon
the Continent after the present one.
Already it is recognized that the
gigantic struggle now in progress
cannot be carried to a solution
which will bring permanent peace.
More wars will be almost sure to
ensue; and the peoples of Europe
are determined that, if wars there
must be, they shall not be. dynastic
wars; they must be national. That
is why the demands for truly re
sponsible government and for really
national diplomacy is rising in
every country from Scandinavia to
Greece. The people are getting
ready to demand and get the right
to run their own governments; not
to have their governments play with
great public interests as if they
were checkers on a board.
With the Mexicans blowing up all
the bridges, water has lost its last
function in that country.
India's refusal to allow Doc Cook
to climb Mt. Everest will force the
Doc to climb it the same way he
discovered the Pole.
MAY IRWIN KEEPS
E
Caricatures Social Absurdities
in Complimentary Perform
ance to Press Club.
Since America after nil Is a nation
Just one generation removed from
moustache cups, folding beds, and cray
on portraits of husbands with "hang
gnrden" whiskers, May Irwin, at the
National Theater last night lashed the
audlenco to her chnrlot wheels early
In tho cotirso of tho evening's presen
tation of her current New York success.
"33 Washington Square," nnd through
constant references to htirrors of the
past, and social absurdities of the pres
ent kept them there convulsed. The
play Is taken from Lcroy Scott's novel,
"13 Washington Square."
This one-night stand was a compli
mentary performance given to the Na
tional Press Club, nnd the audience was
made up almost entirely of newspaper
folk nnd other busy people. Including
President Wilson and many others
prominent 'In official life.
They were Intent upon ..following tho
marvelous adventures of Mrs. DePeys
ter; and her faithful housekeeper, Ma
tilda, whose recourse, wit, nnd. Ingenuity
Wore bent on keeping the public from
dlscovorln that financially-embarrassed
Mrs. Do Peyster was summering In her
own home.
The course of the action allowed for
the transportation of the proud nnd
haughtv Mrs. De Peyster, from her own
impeccable home, to a second-rate
bonrdlne house In the disguise of a
housekeeper, where her social obsession
was thrust'down her throat and she
was made to "eat crow."
May Irwin was tho doughty nnd
truth-loving .Matilda, but before tho end
of tho performance she had proved
herself the most fluent of liars, and
had In consequence saved Mrs. De
Pryster from social disgrace. In
deed, in the face of black mischance
nnd circumstance, she would have been
able to keep the reputation of her em
ployer Intact, had it not been for the
Tact thnt n corpse presented Itself.
Unwilling to go abroad unless she
could uphold the same stnndard ns
before. Mrs. DePeyster elected to re
main In her own home secretly. She
sont a -friend, Olivia, Instead.
But Olivia was a hair-pin scatterer,
and prone to lose this and that, no
the most natural thing In the world
fr er to do was to losu her purse.
Thin made It necessary Tor some of
the gowns of .Mrs. DePeyster to be
sold. A woman who wore them
drowned herself in tho Seine, and lo!
into the plot, already complicated, was
precipitated the would-be corpse of
Mrs. DePeyster horself.
May Irwin Is herself, never over
doing the comedy, yet bringing out
to the fullest every opportunity for
funny situations. At tho beginning
or the second act she gave several
songs.
An excellent company supported Miss
Iiu.ln Including Leonard Holllstcr. as
Ii . ii'Cc of.t: Frances Gaunt, who
played the role of Mrs. DePeyster; Lark
'laylor nhons J.VIIlinm M-F, .
the coachman was excellent, and Clam
UlBndlck.
Among the cuests of tho Press Club
nt the porfcrmancK v pro Miss Helen
V oodrow Pones nnd Colonel House
who Is a guest at the White House, in
Hie Presidents box. Others In the boxes
were the Secretary of the Treasury and
his son, William nibbs McAdon r lir
Secretary of Agriculture and Mrs.
Houston, the Attorney General, the Sec
retary of ijo Interior and Mrs. Lano,
Mrs Josephus Daniels. Among others
In the iiudlciir-e wore, in a.-dltion to the
members of the Press Club who occu
pl 1 the orchestra seats the Solicitor
General and Mrs. John W Davis. Mrs.
John B. Henderson. John Hrcnderson,
tin fccr.-tnry to tho President. Miss
Flora llson. Mr-. Do Frees Crltten.
Miss Ciltten. Mrs. Th mas Ewing. Miss
Alexandra Ewlng, Newbold Noyes,
V alter Penfield, and Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Dennett.
Everybody Is Dancing
At Pacific Exposition
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 25. Literally,
c.rybodys doing It- 8on Francisco,
where the "modern dnncc" fad origi
nated, has gone stiffstark, staring mad
over it. It is no longer a fad; it Is an
institution.
From tho cradle to the grave at
leust as far as victims' ages are con
corned the modern danco has seized
the exposition city. In eery place,
where old and young congregate to
while away pleasant hours, the one
step, tango, fox-trot, and so on ad In
finitum, are in full, wide-open swing.
Tho exposition nightly has Its dance
mad thr.oncs. Your native son or
do rghter heads at once for the dance
hall; the wonders of the exposition are
nn old story to the native, naught In
terests or amu3es him but the tango
parlors.
Downtown, In the lobster palaces It Is
tho .'ame.
One night, on tho same dance floor
a little mlBs not a minute older than
lour cars tipped the one-step gleefully
wltl her mother, while close at hand a
white-haired man, perhaps sixty-five or
seventy, with his spouse, seemed to be
having the time of his gay second youth
doing the same thing.
The baby couldn't make her feet be
have. When the strains of the orches
tra died she Insisted on continuing and
when her mother made her way back
to her dinner the tot paraded to the
center of the floor and staged a solo
dance that made some of the older folks
.envious. She was not on exhibition; the
dance was In her blood, tingling for ex
pression, like tho spaikle of wine. To
her, the modern dance was the ex
pression of sheer joy of living.
School of Accountancy
Is Opened by Lecture
"Individual capacity, plus Belling abil
ity to market your services," according
to Homer S. Pace, of New York, who
spoke at the Y. M. C. A. School of
Accountancy last evening, Is the meas
ure of a man's successs.
Mr. Pace talked on "Business Vo
cations." He set forth the trend in
business organizations, from the day
when the cmplove received all-around
training and was expected to handle
general duties, to the present require
ment for employes technically trained
for specific duties.
Tho lecture opened tho current sea
son of the school of accountancy, wltn
a largo number of classes In business
administration, law, and accounting.
Two Men Are Hurt in
Street Car Accidents
John W. Garland, fifty-nine yeara
old, I and blind, was struck by a north
bound street car at Seventh street and
Louisiana avenue last even ng. He was
knocked down. He refused to go to a
hospital and boarded another car ror
his home. 829 Tenth street northeast.
A Tenleytown car late yesterday
struck Jefferson Brcmmerman. sixty
five years' old. while he wi.Mlklnf
near the District line He reWlved a
cut on the scalp and the fingers of his
right hand were mashed He was taken
to the Georgetown hospital.
AUDIENC
CONVULSED
One Year Ago Today in the War
The stripping of Germany of her colonial possessions began a year
ago today when a force of Australians under Vice Admiral Sir
George Patey seized the German portion of New Guinea in
the south Pacific and took possession of the colony.
Allied troops landed in the Dalmatian seaport of Lissa, hoisting Eng
lish and French flags on the fortifications after the French fleet
had bombarded the Austrian possession on September 19.
German troops gained a foothold on the heights of the Meuse, and
pushed forward toward St. Mihiel, now still the scene of per
sistent assaults by French artillery. German airships dropped
bombs on Ostend and Boulogne to "try out" the French and
British positions.
Refusal of the Marconi wireless plant in Siasconset, Mass., to
recognize the right of the United States Government to exercise
censorship over it caused President Wilson to order the station
closed.
Figures Fail to Show
Britain Boosts Trade
At Expense of America
Despite Charges of Consul General Skinner at Lon
don, Reports Indicate That Exportation of Raw
Cocoa From U. S. Has Shown Stupendous
Gains Since Beginning of War.
By JUDSON C. WELLIVER.
Is there substantial basis for the charge, recently made by Robert
P. Skinner, consul general of the United States at London, that Great
Britain is interfering with the foreign commerce of this country in
order that her own merchants may absorb it?
Mr. Skinner's report, in which he presented a number of specific
cases to sustain his theory, has been widely quoted in this country,
especially, and with much satisfaction, by people who are anti-British
in sympathy. The charges have been made repeatedly long before
the Skinner report gave them color of official backing. Mr. Skinner
charged that "many classes' of goods, the exportation of which from
the United States to neutral countries is attended with great diffi
culties and hazards, are going forward freely from Great Britain to
the same countries, and in some cases in largely increased quantities."
Taking raw cocoa as his leading example, Mr. Skinner showed that in
July of this year British exports were over 7,000,000 pounds, as against
1,283,000 pounds in the same month last year. Moreover, he showed
that in March and April of this year British exports of raw cocoa to
Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands aggregated about
6,665,000 pounds, as against a little less than 1,000,000 in the same
months of 1914. That is, British business in cocoa to ;he northern
neutral countries that Britain is blockading, would appear to have
grown stupendously.
INFERENCE IS UNWARRANTED.
The Inference ctenrly conveyed by the
Skinner report was that the United
States has suffered: that .Britain was
using her sea control to "hog" this busi
ness, while keeping possible competitors
out.
If Mr. Skinner had examined the re
ports of the United States Department
of Commerce, dealing with this coun
try's business In raw cocoa to those
same neutral countries, he would have
discovered that his Inference was curi
ously unwarranted. It develops, from
these figures, that In March and April
of 1914 the United States sold no raw
cocoa at all to those four little coun
tries: but In those same two months of
1915 this country sold almost 5.tW,0)0
pounds of it to them. The official fig
ures from commerce reports of the
United States arc:
March
Sent to 19H 1913
Denmark none 1,064,653 lbs.
Sweden none
Netherland none 8S4.KS lbs.
Norway none 9,811 lbs
Tota.1 none 2,558.787 lbs.
The April figures arc closely parallel, as
follows:
April
Sent to 19H 1915
Denmark none 1,162,391 lbs.
faweden none 1,121,463 lbs.
Netherlands none
Novway none
Total none 2.2S3.860 lbs
It would seem, then, that while Great
Britain vastly Increased a previously
established business, the United States
created an entirely new business In
this line. British exports to these four
countries, for these two typical months.
Increased from 1,253,000 pounds In 1914,
to over 7,000,000 pounds In 1915; but at
tho same time, American exports to tho
same countries Increased from absolute
zero to almost 6,000,OiT0 pounds.
Comparison of Trade.
But leaving out the northern neutral
countries, and taking a world view of
the cocoa trade, what has happened to
the business of the United States under
war conditions, and British "oppres
sion" of American trade? Tho figures
do not suggest that the United States
Is losing very heavily. It appears that
In March of 1914 the exports of raw
cocoa from the United States to all
countries were 362,257 pounds; while In
March of 1916 they were 2.661.SS6 pounds.
In April of 1914 they were 483,353 pounds,
while In April of 1915 they were 4,Mo.bG
pounds. These figures are from the
reports of tho United States Depart
ment of Commerce.
Theso two months are not extraordi
nary In any wny. A tabulation of tho
figures for nine months ended March
31, 1914 and March 31, 1915, shows that
In the former year that Is, the last
normal before-the-war year the United
States exported of raw cocoa 3,553,Oi"i
pounds; while In the same nine months
of the war year tho United States
exported 22.770,23 pounds.
Latest Figures.
Go back to the single month of July,
1015, which Is tho latest month for
which figures are available. Consul
General Skinner reports that In that
month the total exports of raw cocoa
from Great Britain were 7,039,067 pounds,
as against only 1,2S3,5S5 pounds In tho
same month of 1914. It certainly looks,
on this showing, as If Britain were
doing well by reason of war conditions.
But what did the United States do in
the same months of the same two
years? It appears and again the fig
ures are official ones from American
commorce reports that in July, 1914,
we shipped abroad 251,542 poundB of raw
cocoa, while In July of 1915. we export
ed of the same product 1,766,463 pounds.
That Is. British exports of cocoa wero
multiplied by live and three-quarters,
while American exports wero multi
plied by five. The United States would
seem to havo done fairly well.
Just one other detail. For the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1915, American ex
ports of raw cocoa Increased from
t.577.622 to 2S.979.053 poundB.
For Due present, this single item of
cocoa served tho purpose of illustrating
conditions of trade with the northern
neutral countries. Why should there
bo such an Immense trade In this par
ticular Item? Is It to be assumed that
both Britain and the United States have
been sending cocoa to Germany through
the ports of neutral countrlcc?
Not pecessarllv. reply the commerce
experts. They calculate thus:
Stops German Commerce.
Before the war Norway, Sweden, and
Denmark, and some parts of Holland,
were largely supplied with cocoa and
the same la true of a myriad of other
articles through the ports of Hamburg,
Urcmen. and other German commiirclal
entreports. The goods came to those
ports, and thence were distributed to
the surrounding markets. But aa soon
as the war brought the blockade of
thobe ports. It was Impossible for the
old commercial routes to be followed.
The cocoa had to go somewhere else.
Naturally, It went through British
ports, and is listed in the commerce
reports as BrIUsh exportation. Exports
from Harwich and Liverpool are takhu
the place. In neutral countries, of for
mer exports thfbugh Hamburg and
Bremen.' 'I he Lulled States was fouu
nate enough to get in on the reshipnient
business. This country had been a big
buyer of cocoa In the East: had estab
lished lelntions thero, was able to in
crease orders quickly, and then divert
them to help out the European mirkets
xhat was exactly whnt happened.
Consul General Skinner discussed tho
exports of cotton and cotton fabrics,
wool and woollen fabilcs, fVom the
Inlted States and also from Great
Britain, to the neutral countries; and in
that caj,e. again, attempted to show
thut the i'n led States was being bun
coed out of Its share of the trade while
huHdt!;UI'h- bCh,nd .t!,e,r blockade, we o
but din up a vastly Increased trade
In these lines. The accusation is quite
as groundless as in the case of coco":
but the arrav of facts Is different. The
another Srtff'" "" be h '
especially favored at the expense of
Amer can. For many months past it
has been proclaimed that the TTniteVi
ft? n&,S, ';K0"!5 to" 8tt troublowith
Fh?MMLn &" !!? patters; but
!Treair
.... ... i.iui uic uiuiea stales had no
case except its case against the gen
erally unfortunate conditions that war
necessarily imposes. American foreign
trude has been Increasing faster than
nm,of,nn' other : nation on earth
British foreign trado as a whole has
been falling at a startling pace. There
are a few items as to which exceptions
must be noted: but in almost every
case the explanation is easy and. to the
men expert In such matters, obvious
Concert Today
By United States Marine Band.
White House at 4:30 p. m.
WILLIAM H. SANTELMANN.
Leader.
March. "Imperial Potentate". Woods
Overture, "Kamennol-Ostrow"...
Rubinstein
"Badinage" HerbeVt
Valse BrIIIante Chopin
Grand Scenes from "La Olocon-
da" PonchlclU
Patrol. "G A H." Fanclulli
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 9,....Llst
"The Star-Spangled Banner."
GAS SERVICE FREE
ALLOF THIS WEEK
Lighting Celebrations Will Be
Observed in All Sections of
the Country.
One of the most Important features of
National Gas Lighting Week, which will
be celebrated by practically every gas
company In the country, during next
week, is the Invitation of the local gas
company to nil consumers to make full
and free use of its Bervlce In Insuring
the satisfactory operation of gaa lights.
This free scrvlco Is not new, nor Is It
for one week only, but Lighting Week Is
believed to be a good time to bring It
more forcibly to the attention of the
nubile.
Tho gas company Is desirous that
always in good condition, because If It
is noi. ii will not te used to the maxi
mum extent, nor will the owner feel so
kindly toward gas as he ought, nil of
which would mean a loss tn the com
pany. Therefore when the offer Is made
to clearfand adjust lights free of charge
' ,not a case of giving something for
nothing, but merely a good business
move which In the end makes money
Tor the gas company.
To All Residents.
This form of service applies to all
lights In residences and Is thus some
what different from the service given to
the stores and factories, where for a
small payment each month the company
sends mon at regular Intervals to over
haul and adjust the lights, supply new
mantles and broken glassware and make
other needed repairs.
In the case of service to residences,
which is known as request' maintenance,
no charge Is made unless new parts are
required, In which case tho parts only
are charged for at the regular retail
prices and the time of tho men who do
the work is free.
Meny persons have hesitated to avail
themselves of thh gas company servlos),
perhaps from modesty or uncertainty.
The gas company wishes It known, how
ever, that there Is no string to Its offer,
but that the calls- of representatives to
Inspect and adjust appliances are abso
lutely free nnd that If any new parts
art. needed the representative will glvo
an estimate of the cost and will await
the consumer's decision as to whether
the work shall be dene.
With these facta kept clearly In mind.
It Is hoped that thousands of consum
ers In the city, during lighting week,
will notiry the company If their gas
llnhtp ate in ncej of nttenticn. but with
the understanding that at any time In
the year this samo service is available.
Dirt Often Interferes..
In somo cases a gas light docs not
burn properly, because a little dirt in
the burner Interferes with the proper
flow of gas. In other cases the burner
has become carbonized and the same
rcfcult Is found Again there may be
some slight fault In the adjustment
which Interferes with securing a good
llfeht
To one unfamllta' with the gas light
these troubles ma, seem difficult to
oxercome, but to the trained employes
of the company it is only a question of
a few minutes to set everything In or
der and in.sure perfect illumination In
the home.
Another feature of this free Bervlce
is the delivering and installing without
extra charge of mantles, glassware and
other parts of lights bought at the gas
office. When this Is done a perfect
result Is always secured, whereas If the
consumor himself attempted to place
these parts on the lamps there would bo
danger of Improper installation, where-,
by tho consumer would lose In the
efficiency of the light nnd the gas com
pany, of course, would lose In patronage
through having an Imperfectly operat
ing appliance In usef
The free service does not apply to gas
lamps alone; It Is maintained and fol
lowed out In the entire operation of
delivering gas whether to the lamp or
any other burner. It Is the effort of
tho company to keep everything In per
fect condition from the time, the gas
lejoes the holder until It emerges In the
form of flame from the ranee, water
heater or gas Iron, or from one of tho
vorlous types of gaa lamps.
IN CAPITA' TODAY
Concert, United States Marine Band, White
Bouse grounds, 4:30 p. in.
Meeting, District Suffrage League, Teople's
Forum. Eighth street and Pennsylvania,
avenue northwest, t p. m.
Exhibit of Industrial work and entertain
ment, children of Georgetown playgrounds
at playgrounds, 2 p. m.
Odd Fellows Canton Washington. No. 1 Pa.
triarchs Militant.
Luncheon, Delta Tau Delta Fraternity, Ra
leigh, 12:30 p. m. Dance, local chaptsr
house. 1819 X Btreet northwest. 9 d. m.
Amusements.
Belsseo "Peg O" My Heart," J:1S p, ra.
Poll's "Under the Red Robe," 2:15 and f:lt
p. m.
Keith's Vaudeville, 2:15 and 8:15 p. m.
Gayety Burlesque, 2:15 and :15 p. m.
Tomorrow.
G. A R. wir ices. New York Avenue Presby
terian Church. 11 a. m.
Temperance meeting, auspices of Independent
Order of the Sons of Jonadab, Bradford
Methodist Church, Thirteenth and K streets
southeast, 8 p. m.
Open air memorial ceremonies for departed
members of the O. A. R. and kindred or
ganizations. Pce Cross. Mt. St. Alban'a
4 p. m. '
Memorial sermon, Dr. T. D. Christy, of Tar
sus, Asia Minor, First Congregational
Church, Tenth and O. streets northwest, 11
a. m.
Box party, benefit of Hebrew War suffererfe
Old Masonic Temple, Ninth and F streeM
northwest, 8 p. m.
Harrisburg Has Spent
$5,000,000 Fixing Up
HARHIBBUIta. Pa Sept.. 2.'.. Har
risburg has been celebrating for three
days.
Back in 1901 Harrisburg discovered
that as a city It hadn't much to b:ag
of except being the State capital and
that it scarcely deserved that honor.
Only a mile or two of paved htreeta;
no parks worthy tho name; no play
grounds; drinking water heavy wtt&
coal dust and disease gurms every
thing, in fact. Just about what It ought
not to be.
So Harrisburg borrowed $1,090,000 and
proceeded to dress up. Later it mads
other lonns. until the nggregeate wn
$2,4U.O0O, while that much more waa
spent by Individual property-owners
paying for Improvements In front of
their real estate.
The city has more than seventy mllen
of paved streets, mostly sheet asphalt;
far more than 1,000 acres of public
parks, most of which it owns outright;
r plant which tllters all water used
In the city; summer playgrounds and
swimming pooln for children; a sum
mer camp for children; tennis courts
and golf links tor the adolescent and
Adults, and a river frcnt and river basin
which has been Improved In a mannar
unlQUtvin the entire world.
WHAT'S N
PROGRAM

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