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THE WASHINGTON- TIMES. FRIDAY, NOVI3MBER 5,' 1915. "
Commissioner Newman's Statement Commlialoner Newman's formiil state Blent before the llscM committee, in which hr nrlvucitcil sufi-tanltally Ihc "Works plan, rowls ns follows: "In K," (."ongrvM, ns Is now well known, adopted mi net PitaMlshlni" ft form of government for the Uistrlt-t of Columbia and laid -lovvn In that net a principle vvhllh has since becomn widely known as the half-oniMislf. I bclisc .that (treat ileal of the friction which lies rlsn In the 1.11 few years Is duo' to a lulsunricrstindliiK ns to ul what ''onsrefs In the net of lv;s agreed lo Ho. In the minds of :i urtat many pcopo n the city of WushlnKlon and in th minds of a uri'Ht many nipinbi-rs of Congress, I Iirvo found sn Impression that Congress not only agreed to piy half of the rxp'.nscs of thn District of Columbia, liht that It uyrcel to wntcti 'Uollwfor dollar the revniue r.ilscd hv ths Dlaltlcl of Columbia. Kvcn a lasuiil readfnc of the act of 1S7R shown I nut longrcss did iiol agree to or propose to do am sneli thing. , What Connies -.,,4 cui;w .HIV . mull .lllien BI1UIIIO lU a w to pay mift-half of the expenses on account of tho -District of ro'umbln. 'Estimate Provided. 'The act of IS7S provided that the 'Jornrnlsslonrrs of th District of fnlunv Ms, each year should make an esti mate of the expenses of the District of Columbia for tho next fiscal year Then Congress said (paragraph IS of the act of JSTS) 'to the ertent to which Congress shall approve e,f said estimates Con- Kress shall MlMironrlntl, 111., nmnllnt nf W per centum thereof," "I think the reason for tho Impression that Congress agreed to match dollar for dollar the money raised In the Dis trict of Columbia is duo to the fact that , almost all of the time from 15? until the present the revenues nf the District of Columbia have In en less than one hjlf of the expenditures of tho District of Columbia, so that In actual practice ronres has matched dn'lar for dollar he 'amount of money raised locally. I!" "ct ot ,575 wn" absolutely sound in theory, provided ou grant the logio or propriety of fixing tho District nml Federal contributions upon the percent age, basis. I say this because In that act. paragraph seventeen. Immediately following the paragraph Just quoted. Congress Aid. "and tho remaining oO Per centum of such approved estimates shall be levied and assessed upon tho taxable property and prh lieges In said District other than the property of tho l nlted States and of the District of Co lumbia.' Congress Agreement. "In other words, In 17S Congress said the United Plates will pav one-half of the expenses nf the District of Columbia and by proper legislation will levy such taxes a will produce tho District's half.' Had this purpose been followed the present crisis In the fljcnl affairs of the District mlcht not have at rived. Rut verv soon after the passage of the art "f KX Congress fixed the tax rato In the District of Columbia at I.M per hundred and It has stood ever since. This rlsld tax rate has necessarily pro duced each j ear nn Increasing sum of District revenues until at this time these revenues exceed the District's half of Its annual expenditures and bring sharplv to the surface for eoiiHldeiatlnn the ixhole aueslhin of how much the District and how much the Federal Gov ernment should pav of tho aiuiuitl bill. "On July 1, 1916. we uutlclpate that we vlll hae a surplus of revenue of tho District of CMuriibl t 'of 'soirWhliir in the neighborhood of a million and a half to two million dollars. VYe would have had a surplus of nearly a million n July 1, 1915. had It not bet-Ji that wo met an unusually largo pajment on account of old debts which for one rea son or another ha'd accumulated ngnlnst . the District. In the fiscal sears 1914 and 1915, we- paid wholly from District revenues an old bill for caie of Insane of J13,R36 09. and old Interest on S.6J bonds of WSS.OG7.23: old debt lo Freed-, men's Hospital of J37.91W.70: we restored to tho Federal Government Jtf.3,937.00 of i rentals on property helonglng to the United States , nnd we mado up a short age of Jftl.OOO arising from n defalcation of a. District emplojre. . Additional Reason. "Looking Into the future we find an additional reason why it Is very im portant that this increase in District revenues be carefully ronsldercd. It Menu to me that these figures alone show tho necessity of n rearrangement of the fiscal relations between the Dis trict of Columbia nnd the t'nllrd rltHte. because unless they are irnrrangfd. In 1M0 we. will have t burplm of District revenues of ubout Ji.OOO.uOO, which ob viously would be. absurd.. Tecntatlve estimate of surplus In Dis trict revenue. over .appropriation eharres for the fiscal year niidlug June M, 1K0. c""S V "Si- It n 5 c r.? : i ttnt. B-S y llll., 1"7 M.. UIJ . I.1 f'liOtvrra rn.sffie.iA n.joi.in: 77 ,M" urn nu s ioo we t i fiiio.iw t-t STMlOOOOO Wll);Wll), ?,riO.UWtl ,".iv0 fio M j (ton onrt.im jiie.iioiio 7,nn) ooc en 9 :oo too w ; .oo mm oo rrfrlmslei enrpluf neniniulnllon Iw , ' . . s,:;i.3.'.7; nt-dll'l iltnfkrry In ffxeituni clof-e I'll . ... ... TIT,. UK "4 IfcllK sn sccuinulslfil surplus of sboul .. . . 9. WO M0.no Decrease In Rate. "In cnnsldeilng the Increase of reve nues, I would like also to cnll the com mittee's attention to tho fact Hint there has been. In effect, allien 1S7S, a decreaso In the tax rale. I said i moment ago that the rate na fixed at IM a hun dred, and It has remained at that flgum vur Hlrue, nnd Hist the tax rate lielm; laid the rexinues have automatically increased What amounted In a do- rcase In the tax rate wiw eause.1 by the act of I'onniese. carried In Hie form It a proilso in, dcr the appropriation bill nf 1002. which etipiilated Unit thereafter, leal propei t n the District of Colum bia should bo assessed at not less than two-thirds of Ilk actual value. I would 'lice tp say a word In explanation or Hat proviso, whli.li has been the ifub Ject of a great denl of controversy In and out of Cnunrfs? "If yon nonelder the piovlso entirely lircspectlve of the cnnd'tloua which produced It, tskiim'lt mcrcl at Its face value, you will nssunin thnt Its purpose uaB to fix n minimum for assessments. As a. matter of fact, when the proviso nas attached lo the appropriation bill, II was Intended lo Inerensp rather thnn tl) deriease assessments. . Imest'ifa lion had Just been made nf asscssnients jnd the eoinmUlec thnt conducted Hie Imesllgalinn hud nsiertnliied through ItH henrlnss that nsseesiucnts were very Ion, running from 10 per cent in Prt per cent, reeling that II would he Impossi ble in ft shirt space of time to KCt assessments up to full inlue ns then required by law but resolved In bring ibout nn Impioiemenl In Hie assess ments or rather to bring about no In crease In the asssHsmontB this proviso wns incorporated hi the bill, thai there after assessments should be not less than two-thirds of actual value. One Per Cent Rate. The effect ef this proviso of lf02 von will, therefore. se was to make the tax rate paid In the Dlslilct of Colum bia Jl.f") per JlPn, or I per cent, and In tr.sVIni; nn the Hemes refeucd to n mo ment ago errlng Ihc h vcipies and" surplures lo 11J- l!i 1 pel cut t ix r-ip-has txen asKUined for the future Hi svruis to ni5 In view of till fcltu- ntlon. Hint this committee Is confronted by what Is really hulte n simple situa tion and not so complicated nnd dlfdciilt ns one Mould picsumo fiom tho vast nmoitnt nf tvldctico, discussion nnd ar gument that ban been presented In this mullet-. It seeiiia to m that these cer tain xiirpluses fiti'.omalically dlspotra of the hnlt and half, for this icasun: that (0 defend the half anil half 111 the fnco of them means lo do one of two things appropriate twice aa much money everv year ns the District ralsca and thereby nhsoib tho surplus, or icduco the tax. rntc In tho Dlsttlct of Columbia. "1 rtj not anticipate thnt nnv member of this committee would seriously pro poso to this Congress n i eduction nf tho tax rate In the District of Columbia. When you realtie that 1 per centum In cludes a great many Rtntc and county taxes which, you pay In our home cities, It must bn apparent to each of ou that the prosent tax rate at least Is Hot oppressive. On the other hand, I think It must be apparent also to every member- of this committee that when von sit down nnd calmly consider the nnnrnnrlntlnc habits of the Congress of the United States, you will know that Congress Is not going to make appro priations for twice the amount of these Inerensing revenues or tne insirici oi Columbia , ConRress Won't Do It. "Congres Is not going lo do It, nnt onlv because In making provisions for an Institution of the character of tho District of Columbia, It Is not llkelv to make sudden and abnormal In creases In appropriations In any one vear. but also hecuuee the financial condition of the District of Columbia is most excellent. Our Indebtedness Is less than six million dollars: In fact, we have no Indebtedness except the outstanding J.5 bonds, which rep resent the less than six million dol lars that I have Just Indicated. Any large extraordinary projects such ns tho Oroat Falls power plant or tho branching out of tho District govern ment Into municipal ownership, or operation of any public utility, coull nnd should bo financed by a bond Is sue. Our credit, both for sentimental nnd financial reasons could hardly be better. We not only havo n very small Indebtedness when compared to our taxable values, but being a sort of stepson of Uncle Ham. wo are able to float bonds at a much better rate of Interest than any other municipality. Same Sitnation. "A defender of the half and half system might with some logic advo cate the psyment of this balance of less than six million dollars ot 3.65 bonds with the surplus of District revenue, but we are paying those bonds off at a rato of about seven hundred thousand dollars a year now, and even If we should devote all our surplus to paying off these bonds. In two or three years they would all bo paid and we would again he In the same situation as we aro now. "I now want to make a statement to the committee which will not be re ceived with enthusiasm In some quar ters of the District of Columbia, but which I am compelled to make berausc I om absolute!!- convinced of Its truth I believe (hat W per cent of-the friction between members of Congress nnd Htl reus of tho District of Columbia, and W per cent of the friction between in dividuals or groups of Individuals In Congress or the Ilstrlct of Columbia, Is due to tho very existence of the half-and-ha'f plan, because It causes every thing In tho District to be discussed en the basis nf the half-and-half and not on tlln basis of tlie merit of lh nh. Joct under discussion. Kvery question pertaining to the District of Columbia, trf text books for the schools, or to stieet paving, or to the tost of slde v,alks, or the collection of garbage, or to the pajlng of street car tickets for Dollf-emen nnri flrfmon n. In I1,a a.l.i-i. of the Commissioners, or to the pay of! ii nuuiiiuniii niessongcr in tne cutirt hf.use. Is dlscusfccel not at all upen the merits of whether the thing should be had or whether tho thing Is. needed but upon the basis of 'why should the United States pay half of this and 'why should the District of Cclumbra nay half of this. that, and the other thing.' Adverse Eeport. "Foi Instance, here Is a case in point. In the last session of. Congress a bill was Introduced providing that police, men and flromen of the District of Co lumbia should ride free on street cars when in uniform. It was referred to the Commissioners for report. The t'omnilMlomis sent up an adverse re port on the bin saying tl.at. In tho first II lice. omt.lnvp llf Ihn lllalnl,.r should not bt permitted lo accent gro- ""'' "om corporations wliich were iotsului.il i,y the District, ami that thu corpoiatlnu should not bo naked to furnish that free service, thnt thn Com missioners, had asked in their estimates lor nn appropriation to purchase cur tickets to be used by policemen and firemen while traveling on duty. The Commissioners ulsn were apposed to the bill because it '.vould favor one cer tain class of employes of the District of Columbia as ngalnst all other eni plo.ves. Tho bill was before a commit t of Congress for a hearing and In Hint healing one member of tho enm mltUe tald: "I am Inclined to agre with the Commissioners on this in ob jecting to the flee passage of polico men und firemen on street cara. I think iho Cominlssloueis should issue tickets to them whenever riding in the foimuncc nf their duties.' Two mem bers 'i, the (.iiinmlttet' leveled lh"ir lingers at the new member and sa'd: "Hut you don't leallxo thnt the Culled Slnles has got to pay for half nf cveiy one of those tickets,' When you como down to i-PlittinK stieet cur tickets oil have reduced your "onslderatlou of tho affairs of the District to termH of ab surdity. This Is not nn extreme case; It Is n typical cose. We can never eliminate that sort of discussion until we got rid of tho lialf-nnd-half. Outlines Han. "1 wish to outline very briefly the plan or llacal relationship whlcli Commission er Hmwnlow nnrt 1 belleio ought to Do adopted in the District of Columtiia. 1 am not going Into very great detail In explaining that plan, because wo navo divided tno business of presenting our views to this commltteo so that there may be no duplication. I will cover cvrtaln subjects and he others, to tho I end that the committee may ennsertoi Ms time, in explaining our vicvw. ij want to state a sort of premise which j 14 I" Hi' 1W1 UIU lUl.1illl ' llVlll'-l vv nahliiglnu Is tho seat or Government of the .National Capital, or whether Washington Is a city ot iWXO people 1 ou hear many people. Including many members ot Congtcss, advocate the national idea, so) lug that this Is tho .XHtlonsl Capilal, that the District was rreaifd by Congress lor the specmc purpose ot housing the Capitol of thn I lilted Slates, and that the local resi dent has conic here with lull knovM-idKo that lie vvus u meio tenantl that no came neie with full knowledge of all existing restrictions na to the exeieme of tho rights of citizens. Thoy say, 'of com i u i-i Hie .Naiiunnl i.ipii.u; u ou don't like it ou aie at liberty to leave, because the National Capitol Idea must tako precedence over any olhei Idea." On the other hand, jou hear the advocates ol the Idox that It Is a city reply thnt it Is vcrj true that the Dls lilct was created ns a Federal center, where the National Congress should have exclusive Jurisdiction, hut that the tact remains that a city of .UI.ikhi peo plo liaK giown nn heic. which has nil tho qualities of any other city in thu United Htates, tho same impulses, the same feelings, the same motives, tho same fl sires that K.VI.nCi1 people gathcieit together III one community nnywneie 'iavt , Hist, therefore It Is n lty trre-inoi-tlvc of v, hat the franieta ilf the ( oi'fttit iitititi intended "1 have heard people, axgun lor hours on this question. Now, It seems lo mo that this Is another matter about which a confusion ot words has confused tho Issue. I Hunk every one will agree that It was the Intention of Iho trainers of the Constitution that thin should be a Federal center, set off hero nvvay from the political activities of the States for the. purpose ot housing the seat of gov ernment There Is no doubt but what that was tho Jntehtlon nrlglnatly, but I think wo will also agree that there la now a city of SSO.CXi' people here. In other words, the advocates of both sides arc rlgh(. It Is the National Capital, tho sent of guvernincnt: It Is also a city of rw.oi)) people. In other words, wo havo an equation containing two fac tors, and the thing to do Is to ascertain which Is the dominant factor. It Is ob vious that the National Government is Iho dominant factor, which must nnd will continue to run the District of Co lumbia; which will continue to take the responsibility for everything that la dono In the District ot Columbia, and will conduct thn affairs of the District. "flight here I want to digress to say ft word on n aulifeet which has received H great deal of nttcntlon from the representatives of tho citizens' commit tee. That Is the comparison of Wash ington with other capital cities of the world, a subject which hns .also re ceived considerable attention, and has been discussed by Iho ndvotntes of self government In !he District of Columbia. The fact that London Is the capital nf Great Jlrltnln Is not the dominant ele ment of the situation there. It Is tho Incidental element. The dominant ele ment Is the fact that London Is the tre mendous commercial, financial, and In dustrial renter of the whole ntitlsh em pire. In considering the affairs of that municipality that factor Is n greater factor than that It Is tho seat of gov ernment. Wo are told that Ixmdnn has done this, or Paris has done that, or tho people off In ltlo d Janeiro have done the other, but nil this has nothing whatever to do with what ought to b dons in Washington, because we hnve a -wholly unique situation, as 1 said, paralleled only by Camberra, nnd not exactly Ilka that, because the consti tution of Australia, under which It la established, provides that title to all lands In the federal tone shall remain In the government forever. Point of Conflict. "If that provision had been Incorpor ated when the District of Columbia was constituted you gentlemen would not have been here o conduct this Investi gation today, because that Is the point of conflict the Issue between the Gov ernment on one side and the right of the Individual to the use of the land which he owns In fee. if there was no privately owned land In the District of Columbia, this question would not have arisen, ns tho District would have been actunlly a Federal reservation. 'Qolng back to the fact that the domlnnnt element In the equation un der consideration Is tho National Gov ernment, f come to the declaration of tho plan of fiscal relation which Com missioner Drownlow and I believe should exist between the District nnd tho United States. That Is, that the District of Columbia, continuing to be a city of 350,000 people, but being the minor factor of tho equation, ami the National Capital being Iho major factor, that for purposes of govern ment, for purposes of financing the municipality, the primary, the whole, responsibility Is that of the National Government. Should Pay All. "The National Government should nav all nf fh osnni,u nf fhn m.,,i. of Colum.bln,Juat as It pays sit of tho! uipcimes oi inn Agricultural Depart ment, the Navy Department, the War Department, the Department of Com merce, and of all other Kxecutlve de partments or branches of the Federal Government. It should pay all blll.i out of any moneys In tho Treasury nnt otherwise appropriated. So much for what the Federal Government ought to do In the District of Columbia. "Now what should tho 350,000 peo ple In the District do: What should the second, minor element In the equa tion, do? Tnke an Individual mem ber of that group of .150,000, take a man, John liobbs, living anywhere In the District of Columbia. John liobbs should pay Into the Treasury of thu United States a fair and rea sonable sum of money for tho privil ege, protection, and civic rights that he enjoys by living In the District of Columbia. All of tho John Ilobbses In town should pay a reasonablo and fair sum of money because they live here. Just as anybody In anj clt pays for the privileges and advantages of living n that city. In Washington John Ilobbs would pay It Into the rroasury of the United States on a '" fr the privilege of living here, iliat money should be converted Into iiimucijuiieuus receipts along with moneys derived from Internal revenue, customs receipts, Income tnx. post offlco receipts, and all the other moneys that the United States col lects and It should bear no relation whatever to the amount of money that t-ongrcss appropriates for tho estali Hshnient and upkeep of its National Capital. Would Determine Question. "Of course, if the committee should look favorably upon this plan, which is variously known a.s the Hoar plan, the Sims plan, and, latterly, in somewhat different form, tho Works plan, one very Important question will have to be deter mined. That Is the question of how much John Ilobbs shall p'ay 1 trust mat If this plan does appenl to this committee, If it should dccldo to recom mend Its adoption to Congress, that the S?,"i"', I.T0,""1' "pon "" own Initiative and with Its own facilities, obtain the Information which ought to be obtained in .order to fix that amount at a flguro which will be fair to John Hobbs and r to the National Government. I would most earnestly urge that ou do not accept the Information of any agency other than your own. Tho reso lution creating this commltteo carried an appropriation for its expenses. If that appioprlatlon is Insufficient 1 am mire that the moment Congress meets you can get additional funds. 1 believe Hint the committee Itself, by the ex penditure of money provided by Con gress, should Itself, or by tho employ- ,..- ., . i"."";,!,. iwiu rciiHuio people. Investigate how much should be pnld and arrive at n determination of how ..,..,... aiiuiiin oo paid arier the most crefiil inquiry and not by ex parte statements marip 1)y nnvonp nthQr ,han the members of the committee or Its In ihls connection I would like to r-uggest that a fair sum ol money for John Hobby to pay for living In Wash Inston would bo what It would cost him tp live In any other city of tho sanio sl7c. .lust how- much this ccst Is is not ns easliv ascertained ns one might think upon Urst consideration and again for the reason that the District of Colum b a Is different from any other political division In the world. In every other cltv John Ilobbs would have to pay not only his municipal taxes, but he would hnvo to pay county taxes, he would have to Tny State taxes, nnd he would have to pay a largo number of special assessments In the District of Colum bia man" of th" expenditures provided by cnuntv and State taxes are covered In the tnx ot 1 per cent. Also In tho Dinlrlct of Columbia John Ilobbj hns fewer special assessments than In most cities. Owners Pay Everywhere. "I think every member of tho commit tee from his personal experience In his home town knows that In most cities of the United States the entire cost of stieet unvlne roadwav Improvements, sidewalks, cinbs, and allex liuri mo ments are pa'd b Hie owt,es of tbrt .ViiMlnn nrnnnill I., ll'n 1. 1. .... ...... ,.",, Hi- ,,f" i, - ,,' t mii-a ,i ill- half (he lost of sldewlk! on- Inlf the cost of alleys, and one-half tho cost of street paying up to forty feet In width "ft"?'"" against tho abutting prop erty. The rest Is pnld from the g-neral fund created by thn half-and-half. I do nut mtan tit nigne from this that the tax In Washington Is low compared with other cities. I regret that I can not present to tho committee any com plete statistics showing n comparison of taxes pnld In Washington with taxes paid elsewhere, but I nm sure that If members of the commltteo will consider the auesMon for n moment they will 'enll'-o thrt we havo not the time, tho fnclllllei. or the moficy with which to get that Infmmalloti. I doubt very much If It could bo accurately obtained without a personal Investigation In the ether cities comparable to Washington In sle. j doubt If It could tie obtained ny forrespendanre nnd I doubt if it could bo obtained by nn outsldir from the Census Office H Is for this reason that I urge so stionglv thnt the eoni inlttee by Hie employment or agents of Itsnwn gather this Information for the purpose of arriving nt a conclusion ns In the proper tax rate for the District of I oluinbls, Suggests One Method. "If the commltteo feels that In compli ance with the terms of the resolution creatlns It It must report n plan of fis cal relationship to Congress by January I, thero la one method which I think could properly be pursued In respect to the tax rate to bo applied under the fis cal plan we suggest without Injustice either to property owners of the Dis trict or lo the United Htates. I world like o leavo this suggestion with you for such consideration ns you find It de serves. It Is this If thla plan Is adopt ed the lax rate might be left It Is. at JI.50 per hundred on a. two-thirds valua tion: in thn same bill thero might bo a provision calling upon the director of the census to make the Investigation which I hnve outlined as necessary to be mad, to determine whnt Is a fair rale, and to report back to Congress not later than January I. 17. With the In. formation thus obtained by tho director of the census Congrcss.shnuld then be able to determine what is a proper tax rato for thn District of Columbia, and In tho meantime ho gravo Injustice would havo been done anybody. This arrangement would simply mean that the property owners of tho District of Columbia should continue for another year to pay the same tax that they have been paying in tho past and It would In no way Interfere with thn ndoptlon of the plan we hale suggested." AND YET USE NO LAND Cleveland Druggist Says He Has Found Way to Grow Plants on Chemical Diet. CLEVELAND. Ohio. Nov. B.-J. A. Smith, manager nf n drug storo here, claims to havo growing In his green house healthy sweet corn planted In nb surhfnt cotton whUh lias been treated only with tho proper chemical food the corn requires In another greenhouse, he declares, ho has tomatoes thriving In washed lake sand Mr. Smith has worked on his discov ery for seven enrs. He believes he has learned Just what food each plant re quires nnd In Just what pinportlons to feed it nitrogen, potash, and the other necessaiy chemicals. He claims to have a diet formula for almost every known plant and vegetable. Having mode nn nnalysls of the soli he introduces the chemicals In which that soil Is weak for the production ot a given plant. Any kind of soil will do; even cinders will suffice The only use for the soil In Mr Smith's process Is to support the plant stalk, Just f n trellis supports tho grapes or sweet peas This Is why, Mr. Smith contends, It Is osslble to grow plants In nbsorhent cotton. He merely saturates the cotton with a solution of the natural food for the plant It Is Intended to grow Mr. Smith Is negotiating with men who, he declares, are planning to com mercialize his dlseoveiy. He would establish service stations In Cleveland nnd other cities. Does your lawn refuse to become green In a soil of hard clay? Send for Mr. Smith nnd let him put the grass on a diet. Do vou own ft greenhouse and Is It extensive to haul fertile soil from n distance Send for Mr. Smith he'll show you how to raise carnations In Inke sand. "It's ensy." he says with a smile, "when you know tho food car nations need." London Sees 116 Plays In Spite of Poor Season LONDON, Nov. 5. The London thenlilcal ear cannot be said 10 have been hrllllniii. At the com mencement of the vvnr managers, ..ot knowing exactly vvheie thev Mood, were afraid to produce new plays and contented themselves with revivals of once populnr plays. This was of course largely for economy's sake. There has been no falling off In Ihx actual number of plays produced Since August last year no fewer than 116 plays, new and old, havo been staged in the West End, nine more than In the Inst previous seoson. Of these drama accounted for twenty five, poetic drama three, melodrnma fifteen, comedies, musical comedies, comedy drama, revues and farces sixty-six, and theie vv,i one Shakes pearean play to tho credit of Sir IUr bei t Tree. Eight French and Belgian plays saw tho light and seven new pieces hnd for their subject tho wnr. Of these "The Man Who Stacd at Home" Is the only one thnt suivjves, with it total of some 2f,0 performances up to date. Only ono pre-war play still lives, "Potash & Perlmutter" 1535 performances). 'Iho outstanding suc cess of tho reason has been "Quln noy's," nt the Ilaymnrket. with Uenry Alnsley In the title role Where the Cure Failed. A young lady who lisped very hadlv was treated hv a specialist, and learned to sav the sentence; "Sister Suslo's flewlnc Shirts for Soldiers." ' She repented 1t lo her friends, and was prnlsed unon her masterly perform ance. "Yeth. hut 1th thuth an entheedlngly difficult remark to work Into n eonvcr thnthlnti cthpcthln,11y when you con thlder that I have no thither Thuthie." Everybody's C ASTORIA For Infants and Children In Us For Over 30 Years AJways bears Zc&tf5 tho Stgnatittt NHNAanoEND OF HALF-AND-HALF Commissioner Also Answers Charges Made by Herbert J. Browne Against Assessor. (Continued from First rage.) proper. Tho first subject to which we devoted attention after becomlnc Identl. lied -with tho city government was the assessment Question. "A reform which wo considered most cssentlnl -was Die reform In assessment methods and we determined that under our administration the cnuse of any just criticism should be removed. "The first thing we found wns the law of Congress providing for three assist ant assessors and directing that these three assistant assessors should assess nil the real and Improved property In the District of Columbia. Tills consisted nf about 140.000 parcels. "Most of the criticism has been di rected at the assessor. Mr. nichards. As a. matter of fact Jie could not be wholly responsible, for the assistant assessors aro responsible for at least three-fourths of the assessments In tho District. There are really four persons responsible for assessments Instead ot one. Mr. nichards Is hend of the office, but ho is also required to officiate as the chairman of the hoard of equaliza tion and review which comprises the three assistant assessors who handle the real properly and the two assessors handllnc personal property." Commissioner Newman said he and Commissioner Slddons were convinced assessments were not being .properly made. ' Had To Get New Board. They were confronted, he added, with the necessity of getting a. new hoard. At tho time, he explained, tho House District Committee was conducting an Investigation of assessment methods, nnd the Commissioners made an ar rangement whereby they were furnished with original transcripts of tho District Committee testimony before It went lo tho Government printing Office. In this way they kept in close touch with the progress of the Inquiry. Following this Investigation, ssld Mr. Newman, one nssistntit assessor tender ed his resignation, snd William L. Ileale was appointed In his place. A second assessor was removed from office, and was succeeded by E. W. Oyster, which gave the present administration a ma jority of the assistant assessors. 'Commissioner Slddons and I called In all the assessors. Including Mr. nich ards," continued Mr. Newman, "and gave specific Instructions to begin anew on tho 1913 assessment, which was then under way This assessment had to be In by January I. 1911, and nnly four months remained to complete It "Our Instructions were that the asses sors should seek to find out what the values were, regardless of the claims of Mr. Itrnwnc. In the George report, or the 1112 assessment. We told them to elve their principal attention to the business district, to consider as next in Importance the high-class residential nreas. and then to turn to Hie so-called speculative areas In the suburban sec tions. Disclaims Responsibility. "We disclaim any responsibility for the Aita nf the nKHeiotorjt In 1111? Vor the acts of the Hoard of Assessors In 191S we takiv full reponslblllty. If there Is any criticism of the 19lS assessment It should be directed at the Hoard of Commissioners Just as much as at any one else.' Commissioner Newman said that E. The New " Strand" Overcoat A Typical Schloss-Baltimore Smart Over-Garment designed and beautifully hand- tailore'd by the house that made "Young Men's Clothes" famous Schloss Bros. & Co. of Baltimore and New York. HERE is one of the best of the new Schloss-Baltimore productions for Fall and Winter; an exquisitely shaped Double-Breasted Coat cut on form-fitting lines. Notice the wide lapels, the rounded coat fronts, the high waist-line and perfectly-proportioned set of the whole garment; the wide velvet collar, shaped chest and narrow sleeves; all new effects this year. Any crack custom-tailor the $60 to $ 1 00 kind would be proud to turn out a coat like this; Yet you can get it, ready to put on, for $20.00 up, at any good store handling the Schloss-Baltimore Clothes. 'GWT-OEro,Ka WfcffeJWfck He'll show you two scores of other unusual Schloss-BaUsmorc Models. They're worth looking for, if you care for style in your C3oJb3. Schloss-Baltimore" arc the Designers and Makers of the finest Ready-for-Service Clothes. They have been Young Men's Style-Leaders for Forty Years. BALTIMORE W, .Oyster had been criticised by Mr. Ilrowne, but Mr. Oyster desired to answer these criticisms himself, Mr. Newman then referred to the old charge of 1912 thnt tho four assessors had been Interested in, real estate at Twentieth nnd llelmont road, and had reduced tho assessment on their prop erty. The Commissioner said after an Investigation he dismissed this charge, ns tho amount Involved was only S7.K2 per assessor, nnd It was Inconceivable to think Assessor Itlcharda and his as sociates would seek to savo such a small amount by Improper assessment. The same Hoard of Assessors, ho said, In creased eertln other property owned by Mr. ItlcHards. so that he paid In taxes n net Incrcaao of 110.82. Entering upon a refutation of Mr. Hrowne's charges. In so far as they re latcd to I15 assessments. Commissioner Newman took ud thn Urovvne cornnarl- son of Potomac. Park and Analoitan Island. The two properties are not com parable, the Commissioner said, because Potomac Park contains wharfage area, whllo Analostan Island has never been used and la practically Virginia land. On Price Paid Basis. "The assessment of Analostan Island for 1315." he said, "was on a price paid basis. "It was nUichased by Joseph Letter for "OO.ono for' the possible future use of the Washington Gaslight Company. This Is a case ot expression In dMIara nt tha nudllnr of the minds of A Sel ler willing but not rcqulreu to sell, and a buyer willing but not required to buy. "As to .Mr. Hrowne's criticisms of the 115 valuation of Government property here, my opinion frankly Is that It la all a guess. The assessors havo not the time and It la not proper that they should take time to investigate closely the values tit Uovemmcnt property. It Is not essential that they do." Commissioner Newman referred to Mr. J iron no's complaint that the Com missioners coiibi not furnish him with a statement of I he cubic factors used In assessing bulld'ncs. The Commls- .slorurs explained that these cubic fac Itors are only rough guides used in the 'preparation of the field books and they nro thrown away when the hooks tare mada up. Tho figures finally put j on the books, he explained, represent a compromise among all tho elements vvnicn must be considered In arriv ing at the value of a given struc ture. Not Concerned With 1912. Turnlug to charges made by Mr. Hrowne regarding the underassessment of various pieces of property. Commis sioner Newman again disclaimed con nection with tho 1913 assessments. He mentioned first the Clifford Plnchot residence, which Mr. Ilrowne said waa not properly assessed even after Mr. Pincliot requested that tho assessment be raised. "This property was nsscssed nt S121.3G0 In 191!," said Mr. Newman. "Mr. Pln chot' request came after the 1912 books were closed. In 1915. under the new board, the assessment was raised to till CO. "Mr Ilrowne said that Friendship (the country place of John It. McLean) was inexcusably underassessed, that Is was worth S3MXX) an acre. Thla prop erty wns assessed at f3,(0) an acre, two thirds valuation. In 112. The new board of assessors, nftcr a complete In vestigation, raised It to Jt.WO an acre, which Is In keeping with the price land Is bringing In that vicinity The prices nt which property Is being offered for sale In thnt section make the claim of a M0.iW per acre value aburd. "Mr. Ilrowne also said that Mr Dante, trustee of the Hulchlns estate, csme down to msk an appeal from a certain assessment In 1"1B. and that he said afterward he 'might as well have argued stralnet s slone wall and he va told nt the District building there had been o much agitation about prooertv In that neighborhood they miist sess It properly' Wants Dante Summoned. "1 earnestly request thnt as a matter of right and Justice Mr Dante be sum moned by the committee to verlfv or disclaim that statement. "If tho statement Is true no one 1s Schloss Bros. & more anxious to know aboutt it than the Commissioners ' Heferrlng to Mr, Mrowiie's critical comment regarding the use of the side walks by the Chaconas "Market, nt ninth street nnd Ixnilslnns -avenue,, Commissioner Newman denied that these sidewalks were rented with tho consent nf the District government and the rlty lost about HW) n year be cause the rental for tho sidewalk privi lege went Into the pockets or the prop erty owner. The Commissioner said the sidewalks belonged to the Federal 'lovernment and the Commissioners were without authority to rent them. "we should bo glad to have permis sion to charge rental for 'sidewalks." he said, "hut we hnve no auch author ity." The Commissioner said. as a matter of deliberate police pollc the markets bad not been prevented from using tho sidewalks because it was regarded as n ahopplng convenience for the commu nity. . ""'..r"1'" "rc no collected the fault is with Congress and not the Commls slonera." said Mr Newman. "It would rL'i1,"-. -J ,t0 )'" ?lvn authority to cnaigo rental for these spaces." Calla Ilrowne Unfair. Commissioner Newman asserted ilvit Mr, Drowno had not been entirely fair In criticising tho tax assorMr becmiso he contlnucj to make out tho tax bills, "which system covers up the errors of hluofnc'" BC''rdlng to Mr. Ilrowne. The Commissioner explained that the ', pec'ncttllr provlds that the bills shall be made out in the Assessor's or flee and the present Vonrd of Comnis sloners has twice endeavored to gel the law changed to authorize the malting of bills by the collector of I axes. Commissioner Newman then took up various comparative assessments 0 1912 and 191' touching property declared by Mr. Browne to have Peen under assessed. The new valuations the t'nm mlssloner said, would be defended .v the Commissioners, who hail iij pi w fhc old valuations. The inmpari I figures furnished as demonstrating tie work of the new board were as foTows Comparative Figures. Carlisle estate property, acquired bv department store, assessed on has s r r 1320,790 In 1912 nnd on basis of f.'.V.,7. in UIS. Ilerlah Wilkln'k home, on bals of IH,"!? three years ago: now $2H,9;. Southwest corner of Fourteenth and 0, assessed on bnsls of f3J.1.no In 1M. anc, on basis of "749,i"0 In 1915. National Havings and Trt'st Companv corner, assessed on basis of (2T,U1 hi 1912 and on basis of ,Ti,0IQ in 1916. Houthcrn building, assessed on vnluo htsls of ll.291.4S2 three years ago end on basis of $1,73.1.05'; valuation In VV assessment. Lnrx Anderson residence, lalsrd from ISI.On In 1912 to J7U.O0O in 1915, thee figures representing value bnsls. Home Life building, assessed on basis of I'iO.KO In 1912 and on basis of IM1. fl In 1913. Hank building at Wi F street, assess ed nn basis of 119,a in 191! and nt J12S.520 in 1915. Perry nelmont residence, assessed on basis nt I21.235 In 1912 and on basis of tt.-W.3A2 In 1915. Commissioner Newman challenged Mr Itrowne's statements that the awards of condemnation Juries may be taken as a criterion of the real value of property Nadine Face Powder lm Orten Bot$ Only I Keeps Th CeTiplextoa tleanttful toft and vtlvscy. Meaay tawk If no atlr-ly p!ead. Nadlns la purs an. barmltsa. Adhsrsa until washtl ert Prtvtnta sunburn n't rttura of ills tolerations, A mllllea dtllfbt4 tors f-evo Us valas. Ints: Flesh, Pink, Brunottt, Thlt Dj Talltt Couplers or Mall, Mo Natloaal Toilet Co., Parts. Tenn. for Young Men Co. 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