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10 t i'M.x "i MM-, ;'j- ::'ii ,K J . rH.j. PUBLISHED EVERT BVKNI.NO flaeludlna unaarai By Th Washington Time Companj, tHK MUNSET nomlNQ. Ptaam. f&ANK A. MUNSEV. President. B. B. TITHBRINGTON, Sacretarj. L C. H. POPE, Trtaaurar. Ou Ttu (Includlm' 8un6an. O.I (is Months. 11.71. TTin Month Me. 'SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1015. WOMAN SUFFRAQE LEADERS Or. Anna Howard Shaw's declina tion to stand for re-election to the presidency of the National American Woman Suffrage Association may be regrettable in tho eyes df her fol lowers; it cannot check the move ment which hn has lieen hpnHlnp. No great cause is dependent upon nny individual. Dr. .Shaw has been talking woman suffrage for thirty years and is end ing her twelfth year as president of the national association. No one person has been a more potent factor in advancing the movement to the position where it is today. As a speaker she is in a class by herself. Her witty, subtle, logical and per suasive talks have enlisted many women and men to the aid of the cause. Dr. Shaw says that the president of the association must have ability, a thorough and complete knowledge of suffrage work, and be mistress of jher ow.r time, and she modestly as serts that there arc women who would do admirably. There is no doubt of it, though there have not always been many Dr. Shaws work ing for woman suffrage. NEW CHANNEL OF CIVIC EX PRESSION The announcement that Washing ton pastors, at their federation meeting next Monday, are to listen to two laymen discuss the question of the fiscal relations of the District and Federal governments indicates one new channel in which the aroused civic spirit of Washington is finding an outlet. Hitherto the Pastors' Federation has confined its attention mainly to matters of church business. With the beginning of this winter it has started a policy of getting acquaint ed with community interests by dis cussing, each month, some civic topic. The invitation to Theodore W. Noves and II. B. F. Macfarland to outline the contentions of the de fenders of the half-and-half method of appropriations is the outcome of this new policy. With Washington clergymen inter ested in the civic and community needs of Washington a new and po tent factor in cultivating a civic npirit will be created in Washington. In years past the churches of Wash ington held aloof from municipal matters. For the Inst few years they have shown an increasing de sire to make their influence felt in the everyday life of the city. The city will be better for their co operation. NEW IDEAS ABOUT STREETS Every now and then some one starts asking troublesome "whys" about things we always have beqn in the habit of doing. Nothing i .shocks us so much as to have some , one afrk reasons for somcthinir i which always huh been taken for. granted. Nine persons out of ten would willingly commit thcnibclvcs to the proposition that a street ought to be straight. Wo poke fun at cities where the thoroughfares wander auout, anti t'lusuurgn anu nosion have suffered much from such ridi cule. Persons, who have traveled about Germany come back and com ment upon the "quaint, erooked" :.trccts of old German cities. Now come along city planners and diheover that there was a rea son for the crookedness of thot.e streets, anil more surprising still, that the same justification exists for crooked streets today. Frederick Howe explained boiric of these re cent studies in his lecture before the National Geographic Society. The inhabitants of the old Rhine cities built their streets in odd fash ion for a purpose. Tho cities were easier to defend on that account. Likewise the crooked streets were warmer in winter, because the winds could not sweep along them with such force, and they were not so dusty in summer for the same rea sons. Had Mr. Howe continued his studies on this side of the water he might have found that Lafayette, in planning Washington, resorted to avenues, though' not to crooked streets, for one of these same rca sonsi By means of avenues radiat ing from circles cannon could com mand a nweep of the streets and thus the city could be defended, in the warfare of that day, at -several points along every avenue of ap proach. Curiously enough the wuy in which Washington is laid out real izes another advantage of the crook ed street, without its disadvantages. In modern German cities these crooked Ftrccts are regarded as mo"p or tbtit because the end of a "f.U aiwayb n. tho ircnl of a house, or a' building-, and never a straight Btrctch of street, disappearing into space. Tho desismoni . of Wnshlnir. ton planned more wisely than they! knew. THE OVERSEAS TRUST PLAN The Washington. State Dennrt. mift is entirely con-cot In taking the position that it cannot givo of ficial recognition to an American overseas trust which would In effect gain for one class of American ship pers a preference over others. It would manifestly be improper for this Government to permit a for eign government to determine what Americans might ship freely, and what they might not. That would amount to granting the dominant sea power an authority quite "beyond the possible limits that American self-respect could stretch. But this ought not to be a con clusive reason why the overseas trust idea should be abandoned. It id not necessary to classify Ameri can shippers, and to say to one class, "you may," and to another class, "you may not." The under lying purpose of the nroDosed trust la to facilitate international com merce, within the limits that the sea power of the allies is able to prescribe. It is to keep international commerce within those limits, pre cisely as the American Government itself imposed such restrictions on commere with the Confederacy dur ing the civil war. There is no need of making a classification, or of laying down hard and fast rules cal culated to make, in effect, a classifi cation. Every case should be handled on its own merits, with reference to the elements involved. It is not ap parent that there is need of govern mental cognizance of the plan; there has been no such attitude toward the Textile Alliance, the Rubber club, and other nrivate arrangements for the protection of particular lines of business. This is a practical question, to be handled by practical methods. It is not such a question as ought to be dragged into the realm of the State Department's activities. The United States, itself a great naval power, has as much concern as any except the belligerent nations, has far more concern than any other neutral of to day. Its concern is to maintain such an international attitude toward this question of commerce as will best protect our commerce now and con serve our naval authority if war ever comes to us. THE PRESSURE FROM WITHIN An Amsterdam correspondent of the London Mail writes of the de veloping economic difficulties of Germany, trivinR illustrations that I are hifrhlv suggestive. In one case j it was discovered, for instance, that on certain international trains, crossing the boundary from Ger many to Holland, there were always ' about twice as many German i guards, etc., as should have been re quired. Inquiry disclosed that these Germans came across the border at every opportunity in order to get the privilege of buying a square meal! It was .simply an impossibility on their home soil. . Other testimony dealt with this food situation. Tlin Rprman indue. tries arc constantly trying to get workmen to come from Holland; the Krunns. for instance, would rmnlov many hundreds if they were to bel had, and Holland is full of unem ployed labor. Yet the Dutch work men will not go to Germany be- cause the food is so bad. The bread is scarce, unsavory, and of low nutritive value. There is no butter to put on -it, or fats of any kind. Bacon is costing about 80 cents the pound, und bad at that. Beyond air this, Germany is be ginning to realize the economic dis tress that will come after the wnr.' Where shall her millions of fighters be placed in jobs? Her commerce is gone. The foreigners that once pro vided her with raw materials are not producing those materials now because German demand has been withdrawn. Everything is being or ganized away from and in antagon ism to Germany in the commercial world. The German people ore de manding that the state take over the whole responsibility of provid ing jobs; that it seize all'kindb of industries and become employer; not temporarily, but in a definite, permanent fashiog. If Mr. Bryan goes to Europe, there is a splendid chance of peace in America. If he really intends to stop the scrap, Mr. Ford shouldn't take any papers to Europe. That only means more scraps. We understand that the tentative American navy could lick any tenta tive foreign navy in any tentative battle ever fought. The Widcncr art collection would be an added feather in the cap of the city that can already boabt of the Southern railway tunnels and Ben Johnson. Compelling the soldiers to buy war bonds, is startlinBly similar to forcing the chap facing the electric chair to subscribe to stock in the power company. Biographer's X-Rays Illumine Hay's Life William Roscoc Thayer, Performing Work With Fidelity, Gives Public Valuable New Facts With Regard to Life-Work of Poet, journalist and Statesman. Great biographies are even rarer than great men, and when one Is presented or an Anieilcan whose shy fastidious ness prevented hint ever from seeking preferment und ct who' ly Bruce ot recognition of his sheer nblllty wan miniated with the conduct of America's foreign affnlra for a long lenuro and whose mind directed In part tho ten dencies of I lie times, It la an event to be acclaimed. i "The I.lfe und tetters of John Hay," In tun volumes, by William Uobcoo Thayer, la a -work of distinction, an Invaluable donation to American liter ature and history. Tho author clings so closely to hla subject that tho result lias many ot the pleasing charnctcrls-' tlca of an autobiography. There la not another work like It, and there la nom ine that can now take Its place. It will be a storehouse for tho historian and a reservoir of delights for the scholar. Arrangement Admirable. The arrangement la admirable, the llrst volumo helm; devoted to Hay's early boyhood In tho unshorn West, hla education In New Knglaud, which Rave character to his Idena and substance to his convictions; his residence In the White House na the secretary to Presi dent Lincoln; hla life and observations aa a "roving diplomat;" his experience us a poet, a Journalist, and author, nnd his lively and Intelligent Interest In national politics. Hay kept n diary, and was. besides, a happy writer of entertaining letters, nnd they. In whole or in part, aro in troduced Into the biography. Illuminat ing aa If with a searchlight, not only the characters nnd scenes that Im pressed his photographic vision, but also IntirprctliiK the times. Ills faith ful representations or Lincoln bring that man at the ages vividly belore us In Intimate fashion. Artist In Use' of Woods. Hay was an artist In the use of words, and his pen-portraits of the most promi nent personages of hla time, both In Uurope and America, are full of charm. An example- la his word photograph of Napoleon 111. an unexcelled bit of literature. Hny was equally delectable In hla literary landscapes, these pos sessing the uudellnable tone and color that a Hearn might employ. Ills cor respondence, too. Is n gteen pastille, abounding In delicious nit and reveal ing the nobleness of the author. The lending men of the nation, from Lin- c,?!.,yV!.,"!!"y '.".''."C..!''" friend.", anil hla letters to them form n commentary on manv phases or the penon. The second volume treats or Hay ns novelist, historian, ambassador, nnd Sec retary or State. Hit service nnd travels abroad, his tine apnn'clatlon or inter national affairs, mid wide acquaintance nmpng leaders In the world outside America, together with his passion for liberty nnd profound understanding nf American history and aspirations, made his selection for the second highest of lice In tho (ln eminent Idenl Hay's Letters Quoted. His greatest weakness us n statesman was his lack of experience as n legls Inlor. and It seemed Impossible for him either to appreciate the responsibility of the Senate or to give that body credit for ability nnd honesty Aa earlv as IKNi he wrote to (inrlleld " the ontact with the greed ami selfishness ot oHlce seekers and bulldozing Con giessmeu is unspeakably repulsive to me," declining It has "poisoned all or the pleasure I should otherwise have derived from a conscientious and not iinsiiccessrul discharge or my duties In the Stnto Depaitmcnl " Mr. Hay never lost this reeling. He wrote to Samuel Smather in 1900: there will nl- wava be 31 per cent ot the Senate on the blackguard side or every uuestlon that conies heroic them. , " The llrst cast ot the Hav-Pauncefotn treaty is now almost universally conuemnco. nui when It met opposition '" the Senate Mr. Hav wrote lo a correspondent: " no one out or a madhouse could rail to see that the advantages were all nn our side. .Hut I understand the power or Ignorance and spite, uctlng upon cowardice. Another Discondant Note. Nevertheless, about the same time. Mr Hay declured In another letter: 'T give It to you stl algid that thero never ha, been less corruption In American afTahs than there Is today. '" There Is one other discordant note In Mr. Hay's Inner thoughts, such ns he conllded to friend In a letter to J. ("S. Nlcolav, when the two were u gage,l in writing a life or Lincoln, ho TAKES POCKETFUL OF NICKELS FOR KIDDIES Mlnnrnpiilltnii Una Man Knn W l(h lliriii Thiui itmkc Ib With Dnllnrn. XllnnratiollH man lina moro fun ultli a poi'krtrul of nloUrla tlmn tlic iixernBO l nn with pocketful of dollars, aaja tlic Dayton Dnilv Stvcs. 1-or. aa a Kcn T.il iiilo. the fellow with a iiocUetful of dollars linlria on to tlicm In hi" effort tn Rather Mill more, wAIln the Minnea polis man lets bo of hlB nlcklra In order to have fun. The fellow takes hia nlcklra to the amusement parka, or to tho playBiotinila where little children either. He watches around the edees of tho crowd until he seeks a kid who looks aonicwhiit for-lorn-a little fellow In whoi-e face la seen the dcHlres for ft toy hulloon. or n stick of Eiini or n rldo on the in;,r' 5.-;?-round. Then he ednes up to tho little fellow nnd slips n nickel Into his hund and boos about Ills way. ,,,.. It doesn't cost him much-a dollai a worth of nickels will hilnK u lot of liHUiiInees Into the world when expend ed that wnv. It's about the cheapest fun the fellow can find, he says, lie used to lme u little chap of hla own lone Hlnce hurled beneath n floneiy mound out In the cemeteri-and ho has saved a comfortublo fortune. So ho la dovotlnc hla time nnd his inoney to havhiK nil tho fun there Is left for htm In the world-nnd ho flnda thero la a creat deal left. . The nvernco man wants to do ai ho can. aa ho nnssea alonK. 10 " hapillness Into tho lives of other', nut there nre a great mniiv peoplo who ao not know how. There uro prapna who have tho time and tho money, hut who have not le.vmed how to Ket the most out of life. Some build llbiarles-and Hint la a good thing: othera Blvo their inonev tn schools nnd colleccs-anil that Is, of rourse, splendid. Every dol lar that everv mini gives awy. If he. gives cheerfully, ndda to tho sum total of hla hannlneas hut 6 doubt If those who clo libraries or endow collects really get aa much personal satisfac tion out of life aa this Mlnneapolla man who lvea nickels to tho kiddles. said: "Glider was evidently horrified at yoin saying that Leo ought to he shot: n simple truth or. law und equity. I lliid. after a careful reading of a dozen biographies and nil his own reports, that Stonewall Jackson was a howling crnnk." Mr. Ilny'a work as Secretary of State, li history, et theie Is much contained In the biography that has not yet been nvallahte lo history. Hla greatest achievements among Ihcni, the "pen door In China, tho llny-Patinrefoto tiealy, tho cementing or the sympa thetic bond between tho United States and Great Hrltaln. nnd the securing for this country In the society of nations recognition of Its placo and Influence ns lofty and powerful as It Is unchallenged nil aro thrown upon the screen, with the stronger light or his ewn obrcrva tlons. though with a modestv and some times a self.dcprcclatlon that nil the inoro enhance one's liking for the man and admiration for his deeds. Opposed Great Armaments. He waa not free from error, and aftsr once declaring: "The fact la that no government, not absolutely Imbecile, would ever think of fortifying the canal he became converted to the argument In favor of Hi fortifica tion. Mr Hav never believed In great arma ments. He wrote to Sccietary of Stato Seward as early as 1!. "The great calamity and danger of Lurope tod -y arc theso enormous armaments. . honest statesman ran say thnt he sees In the pre.ent attitude of politics the mcesslty of war." To President Roosevelt .Mr. Iv' ccid- full credit for tho successful exe cution of the plans for the -ntrurtlon of the I'aimma rsnal. More than that. Mr. Hay gavo his entire ability to the President in all the negotiation, and Hpproved or every step taken ,v .r Itcosevelt Mr. nay was in -'"",. '.V.. ore l.irooi rcuu. .-. -J .-; v,-. dnnco In Mr. nays own iii. ters. Friend of Great Britain. Mr Hay was distinctly the friend of (irent lliltaln and he dccldcdy distrust ed Germany. When the Venezuelan dis pute became acute he wrote. "It Is In cumbent on nil sane men to be ery careful how far they commit themselves m .i.r. .nnnnrt ot one In so disturbed state of mind as the President at this moment." Ho .lid pot belong to lli school which taught that the President. ""J u'w """ g s ot Id be followed in po.lclesrae2't.ng other nations. In the he novcu mm i.iittiami ... mukn .mirk work or t'nelo Paul. tho serious thing." he told Henry Adams. "Is the discovery now past doubt-that the British have lost all skill In fight ing and the whole world knows It. and Is regulating Itself accordingly It Is a imrtentous fact, altogether dcplorible In my opinion: for their Influence on the whole made for peace nnd civiliza tion. If llussla and Germany arrange thlncs. the balance Is lost tor ages. As for France. Mr. Hav entertained doubts, decrying her to former Secretary of Slate Foster as "Ilussla's harlot. As to the Hyphenated. There were hyphenated citizens In Mr. Ilav's time. He ..wrote President Roosevelt " the prime motive of every German-American Is hostility to every country In the world. Including America, which Is not friendly to Gcr many" Of the Kaiser himself. Mr Hav said "I would rather. 1 think, be the dune or China than the chum or the Kalsci " And he found the Cicrman Kmpernr's representative In Washing ton to be "absolutely without Initiative, and In mortal terror nr his Kaiser." Mr Thaver's scholarship shines throughout Ids work. His discussions of events and men glvo coherence and symmetry to certain parts or It win re there are caps In the diary or Introduc tion or letters treating or incidents or ersonages where explanation ror the leader is neceisarv. i nese are eniigiu enlng little essays that ndorn the bi ograDhv. Biographer True to Facts. Mr. Thavcr has "performed the func tions or biographer with fidelity. He has omitted nothing from the writings of Mr. Hay because It might detract rrom the ' estimate which has been placed iiKn the tatter's statesmanship, and wherever nosslhlo he has rilled In the names where Mr. Hay gave Initials onlv One of the chler pleasures in rending the work Is derived rrom the ccnreisinn or Mr. Hny to hl3 mnil Inti mate companions, in which he disci. at-ed rreelv men and things wdllh no thocgnt. petslblv, that what he wrote evei would be publMicd H L. C. COLLEGE GRADUATES GET EUGENIC MATES Ilrlile Tnrrlea Oat Theory She Tnncbt In . . C. . Work llnlihy Alwi I'ntorM selenec. triom the Chitago Tilbune) On a farm near Dcluwin. Wis.. to devotees of the new marriage theory will rnise pilze pumpkins, chlrkens of pedigree mid eugenic bnbies. Miss Virginia lllnl.lns. H urnduate of the University of Chicago, was wedded n few days ngn to Cdgar I'zzcll. grndu nte of Drown l'nlerslty nnd of Pur due In ngrloullure. The bride nsked the Ilev. Alexander Allison to announce that both contracting parties had pre sented ccrtlllcates of perfect health, signed by reputablo phslclans. Mls Hlnkinn, In choosing a eugenic mate, wim merely carrjlijg- out the lheur that she tuught when secretary of the Y. W. f. A. In tho Indiana State I'nlverslty. Klie Instructed the girls, when "they looked into his eyes." to examine for signs of trachoma rather than , for yearning, burning, soulful (lies, which rage In the erotlo lllnny of love. Ilia heart, to bent true, muat pump 7S to tho minute, and his fllghs should rest under suspicion a hull eating a liverish and morbid disposi tion. Mr L'izell was also In favor of tho scientific love. At agricultural collego lie had learned that pigs, horses, cut tlo and chickens could be Improved by selective breeding, and ho saw no icasonablo argument why tho samo ibvvs siiouiii not Improve human beings. Mr. Uzzcl is nearly six feot tall. strongly built, hard headed. Mrs. Ha zel li 5 feet 8, a "thirty-six," and sound In wind and limb. "I wanted a husband who was alive all over and sound." she said, "nnd ho wanted the samo kind of a wife. That's the rcuson we were attracted to each other. It is rldlculoua to say love must bo cold blooded In thla method of se lecting mates. I call It a normal deslro to know the standing of n llf partner, tho only human Insuranrn we can get for permanent love and happy married life." WHAT'S WP&OtiRANr HERE DURING WEEK Many Interesting Events of Im portance Arc Scheduled For Capital. Addrett. "Tlis Htllxlous question In Mtilco." by l.uis iiAnnn. iisrnrs waimncton Bccuiar league, I'yllilati Temple, 3 p. in. Meeting for formation of military associa tion nf bltli school odds, Perpetual Oulld Inr. 3 p. in. i tjoml-rrntennlit cplsbratlon llamllne M. B. cnurili, Ninth aim r streets northwest. Annlverury icltbrallon by Sunday School of Hurley Memorial Presbyterian Church. .'Homecoming fonrcrt," by Marina Hand. lioiasco j neater, b p. m. Mass int-ctltif. bcnefll of the Hebrew lloina for the Ated. Ails Israel Hynagotue, cor ner Hlith and I streets northwest. :.30 r. m. Concert, Unltod Mates HoldlttV Home Hand Uruicstra, htumey inn, 6:1 p. in. Thankkglvlnc servke tor Jr. U. II A. M. lodgti, Liouflas Memorial Church. tevcnth and II rtrecu northeast, 7.34 p. ni. Meeting, Knights of Columbus Choral Mo net), K. or C. Hall, :M p. in. lifeline. Whllu Hlbbon Juvenile Tent, In dependent Order of Itecbabltef, J lyouls una. avenue northweit, 4 p. in. Itellgtoua tcrtlcea. William It. Hlnglelon, No. Ml, Lodge of Masons, Mueontc anl Udntern titar Hume, 3 p. in. Tomorrow. .Ucilure, " Hal i4.i.vM v. ih t Hour, JM. rvvuMaiu w tuturop ', IV.tJ M. 111. l.eciurv, 'I'te.Mrvaj.uM Krum Woaun't JtM.iu.jotnt, ' Ain. tllen opncr mijv, t ... C. A. V. Ida Auurcua lu nan, "ino feiery llembtr Cud I'MiKIi," uttMu Mclunuugny, jrVunn l'iw uiunui luurUi. 1Ui) p. in Auun., "Wr ttiid cbnatuinHy,' lUv, JUin a. i(m. under a.LhpKw of int Lo Aili lyceum, McAUiiuu nail. cnUiuilo Lnlvtr my i,M p. ni. Notnt, in u cm or of the Immaculate Concep tion, til. AluluV church, i.-fu f. m. Cciturauun 01 tnucy-iourih Anniversary vl tr.e Auaoclaiuu cJUruica oi in uiairict, i.auachtr'a, ..JO l. m. Mfvtliitf, i 'a ton federation. Y, M. C. A,, ll U. 111. Caiupiire and muakttle la honor of forma r iijfUttr auioicra, rrenacni uwn umnwi, Army and .Navy Lniuii, Stanley Mali, ou. uitr Jiomt. .u p. rn. fuiitm-mr, i.ollko Wutnen'a Club, Kalclun Hotel, 7.-0 p. in Hook cihlbitiuii uurluc Safaty Hrat litwk eek," I'uliUc Ubrary, 2 to p. iu. Uumm'sa meeting, ivaiuyolla orotto. Chain Ler ut Cuninuriu rovma. ?.0 p. m. lUalth talk, "Important Factors in Elimina tion." Ir. d. li. U ioc no. jr., X. M. c A., 7;4i in A.1& D. ill. Mmiimk. Norm waahlngtou Cttlient AuocIm- tlun, tiago hcnooi, btiona tna u airc-ia northueai, A p. in, lsazaii. Iomk Avenua Methodlat Lplacopal Chun.li ladlci. In church. 1'uurtcenth ai.d ttiiuraon atrteta northwest, all day and evtnlnc Meeting. iKiarU of directors of th Twentieth I'entury Club, All boula' Church. lO.iO a. in Addrcea. Chartea Edward Uuasell. under aua- pltea of ui) Aasoclatlon ror ne Aotan.e mint or Colored reopie. Mtjiroponuin a, i:. cnurili. 7.3ti o. in. M ljadirn nlaht. Lincoln Park Citizens' Aa- Koclatlon, Msatmbly room. Chapel of the Nativity, Tourteenih atrrrt and Maaaachu- ncttB uenuu iiurthiaat. 7:40 p. m Meet Inc. to discuss the question of pre iwrediifii. National Guard lommlttee of the Chamber of Commeiic, In rooma, li nom. Exhibition, National Commercial (J a Ab- noclailon. ball room. New WHIard, nil day Meeting, Natlunal Klectrlc Ilglii Aeaoclatlun. loom ir;, New Wlllard, all day. Itehearval, Monday Morning Music Club, red room. New Wlllard, 11 a in. Masonic Harmony, No 17, Acacia, No. II, banquet, Tntveralty Club, Hast Gate. No. I'l, Kaatern htar. Odd I'fllowB l.'tilon. No 11; Demcon, No. U, Ijingdon, No. 14 lloyal Artanuni National Council, card party. Tuesday. M a tonic U rand lodge. special, to lay corner stone of ret worth M. B. Church. :p, m.. National, No IS Mithras Iodge pP Perfec tion, Hcotttth Kite. Almas Temple, M)atlc Hhrlnt, (.errmonlal. National III flea Ar mory. dd Krllow Washington, No. . Golden iiuift. No. :i. Amitv No. y:, ICnljhta or Plh1aa Webster, No. 7. Eicel lor. No. II, capital. N : Myrtle, No 22. Jr O t. A. M -Liberty TJeil Council. No. L, entertatntmnt and dance Knights of Onlutnbus Washington Council, aeiond and third degre eiempllncatlon. National ITnlon -District of Columbia Cabi net, Pythian Temple. Wednesday. MaAunlt - Washington Centennial, No. U, Otrlf. No. .6 King Solomon. No 21 Eaat (late. Nn ;4, iltitlonv, Areme. No .1, Kat ern Mar, Odd Kellnua Kantern, No. 7, Harmony, No ! Kedtral Clt, No. 21. Mount Nebo No. fa, llncHmpment Knlghta of lthlaa Kqual, No. 17. nomina tions; Mount Vernon, No r. Friendship '1 tin pie, No. 0, Pythian Hitters National Union-Ueneral Deputies Associa tion, headquarters Itoyal Arcanum Municipal Council, grand vlaltatlon. tt. P u LMeks-lnlttatlon. Thursday. MsHonlc Naval, No 4, ltlram No. 10. Lx rajette, No. 1?, vm. It. Wnsleton, No. SO, Manonlc Hoard of Hclltf. Either. No &. Uunttrn Ftar. Oild Ijjllon.Covensnt, No. U; Columbia, No 10. i:ircUlor. No. 17, Salem. No. 2:. friendship Itebekah jo4fe. No. 8. Anacos- lla Knlghta of !')llitas 1'ranMln, No. T. nomina tion., J. T. Coldnell Company, No. 7, uni form rank, National Union Win. II. Collins Council KnlKlits of Coluinbus-HpaMlnif Council Sons of Veteran. William It. Cushlnl. No. 30, rlrrllon. Friday. Mas'iiUr -CuluinMa, No. 3 lbanon. No 7. Martha. No I, Awcen.lon. ro. -ii, r.ast (late. No. ?1. Ka.tern Htar Odd IVIIonn Ihocnli. No. -. Central. No I, MetroiMvlin, No 10, Blagenenu. r,o. t. r;n- , amptnent. KnlEhto of I'sllilaa Sra.iiln. No 10, ltathbonx Trniplc, No. t, Pjlhlan ijluten. KlilRhtH of Columbus Insurance comml.alon. Saturday. Maxnnlc The Ne Jrruialcm. No ?, social (Mil Kellovva-Canlon Washington, No. 1. election Nml'Mial t'nlon-tlovernment Printing Jfdce CufVnill. I11HTU CAVKI.I.. 1015. (John O'Kctlc in Sew York Wnrld ) Sun (;ll"l and pun glint, and tveet eyes elear of pnlii, And on the head of a uomon dend the red itosj made by Cain .' O dlttant ones, all white of face. Who hear the r!fle-roll! See the renl death, the true disgrace, The devil's perfect toll: A iritlon In the llrlng-pluce Has murdered Its own soul! SlraiffJit lire and hate ire, tciln onleis from the Crown In mm the lips one nreflfn outaUps to Mow mi empire rtotcn.' We nvv the tide of Terror sweep Across the Helglnn pliln. And women die like poisoned sheep That diop In a murrain. Then wheieforo should we pause and w eel) Tor one more woman slain! Clear soul nnd dear soul, ui7il(e a the rtouds that ill: ' But on the cheek the rosa that apeaks, 'So pale oirl cotcord II" Kor once she knew of mercy'n knell When In n shuddering sea, The Iuslt-inla's fragile -hell A scoiplon stung In glee. "A thousand In the sea-deeps dwell' What Is ono here?" asks eho. Proud headl Unbowed head! O eagle's crest and dove's! Where note ! lie beneath the sku the wide world weeps and loves! There la a hawk that hunts on high. On town-bred geese to dine, A thousand slujs he from the skv, With ne'er a warning sign. "Heboid!'' I hear the m-irtyr cry; "What Is ono death like mlno?" Red breast and dead breast, the Iron blina llowers beneath! Your white hands sow, tow upon rote, a crop of aragons teetni -rwc?,P'M- - .i.,m. By JUDSON When tlit tiixty-fourtli Cointreau itieetn a week from next Monday the political balance In the two houses, according to the chief cltrk of the House, will stand thus: HENATK. Democrats K Itepublleans , to IIOU8B. Democrats 227 Republicans 197 I'rogreaslvca 7 Vacancy I Thus Democrats will ha've sixteen ma jority in tho Hcnate on a party vote something that almost never happens In the Senate nowadays, because of the tendency to Insurgency in both parties. The Democratic majority over all op position In the House will be "twenty- three. The ono vacancy, caused by the death of Mr. wlthcrspoon of Mississippi this week, will he filled by the early election of a Democrat, and thereafter tho Democrats will havo twenty-four majority. Will Carry House. It Is generally conceded that If the Republicans are able to elect the Pres ident a year hence, they will also carry the House with them. This la tho In variable rule, and there Is nothing in tho politics or political geography of the country at this time lo warrant ex pectation of a different outcome. The bltctoral College and the House arc so closely parallel In their make-up that divergence between them haa come to be accounted almost Impossible. With the Ktnato matters are other wise. The Senate haa always been the conservative, slow-moving body. It elects only one-third of Its inemborahlp each two years, whereas It Is noaslblc lor tne House to change us entire mem bership In that period. Tbe adoption cf the constitutional amendment that established popular election of Benators haa madu the Hcnate somewhat more responsive to popular currents; but In asmuch as the popular disposition of the moment Is never able to reach more than one-third of the members, the chance for a iukk revolution In politi cal aliunde oi ine noay la oniy one third aa good as In the House. At the election of 1914 the Democrats slightly increased their lead In the Hen ate, while ihey lost nearly all of their majority in the House, it would not re quire a political revolution next enr to give the House to the Itepublleuna; hut to carry the Senate for them would re quire that tiny ileit Itepublleans to succeed all of the fourteen Itepublleans whose terms will explro. nnd In uddl tlon that they elect Itepublleans to suc ceed nine Democrats. Inasmuch as only seventeen Democrats' terms expire. It Is to be noted that this Is rather a large order. It would require some thing very much like revolution to gain such a rcault Some Think It PoHbiblc. Yet there are politicians who bellcvo that such a revolution is among the possibilities They go so far as to aay that, wllli popular election of Senators, It Is quite possible that such an over turn tnkht take place If the Republican party should restore Its old solidarity and carry the country by a -comfort able plurality Thts view is based on a pretty careful consideration of tho polltluil conditions In the states that wfll have Stnaloilal elections In No vember. 1317. .These States, and tho SVnators whose terms expire, are as follows. Arizona .. Henry P. Ashurst florlda Nainan r. uryan West Virginia William K. Chilton Texas Oiarlcs A. Culberson Nebraska Ollbcrt M. Hitchcock Delaware. . . .Henry A. du Tout Maine .. . Charles K. Johnson Indiana John V. Kern ROYAL ENGAGEMENTS AWAITING WAR'S END Hrlr i Tkronts of Orteee, ItoBina nla, and Itnlgnrla Had Her man Training. Three of the heirs to thrones In the Balkans nre of nearly the n,imo age. says the itdlnnnnolia Kews. The eldest of these is Prince Oeorge of Ureeco. who la twenty-five tars old. IMurnted by his father, und moro than this by his mother, who Is a sister of tho Km peror of Germany, he has received a military training that Is entirely Teuton. The second Is Prime Charles of Rou manla. He is twcnl-two, and a sports man reared by a mother who Is a sportswoman. Ills educntlon Is Kngllsh, Lin l,ls military Instruction Is German. Nevertheless, Ills mother always looks toward Russia, to which imintry sho Is attached by her m iterlnl line. The third Is Prime llorls of Ilulgnrla. who Is tweiit-onc He Is the son of Ferdinand, of the house of Saxe-Coburg-(Jotha. and of M.uie Louise of Hourbon and Prma in her Is united the blood of Orleans and of Jourbon. Ami Prince Boris is the mo-it pro-German of .ill the Balkan heirs. His stepmother. Queen i:leonoie. wits charged during the favorable period of the first Balkan war to prnpos.0 to the court of Pelrogrnd a marriage between ouilg Boris and one of tho ilaughteiH of the Czar, with either Olg.i or I'ntluna as u choice. At that time I'crdlnand of Bulgaria hoped for tho union of his son with a daughter of Crar Nicholas. Suddenly slleiuc Mime In .egard to these pro jected unions i'hls great war whs at hand, and the beautiful alliances were postponed. thi: .im oKUi i:i:.!-. Pride of nirlh MriiiR monis Women nf llosiil llounehnlrt",. The pride of birth is strong among the women of ro.val and .iristociatic Eu ropean household, .is the fndlnnnpolis .Vetes. It Is rare thut they do not glvo picfcrcmc to the houso nnd countiy from which they come rather than to thore Into which they have entered. The tjueen of lieigiuin aionc. u. im- vurlan pilnccss. sns l.o . ri uc i ans. "shows absolute lovuity to me peopic over whom i-he iuis been tailed to iclgn. The queen of Greeio Is plainly much inoie pioud that she Is the sWter of tho Kaiser than lh.it she Is tho wife of King CoiiHtuntinc. Some jcuis ugo these words of a oung pilnce of it reigning family wete quoted 'When tho enemy Is victor, papa Is sad vhen tho enemy Is beaten iii.imma erics.' "We have known several times in French hlstoiy the misfortune of hav ing a queen who used her Influence to the profit of the n.mitry of her birth" Bayle sas In his illitlinai) "The fn talltv tlt.it accompanies the French mon archy, mote t ti ans other country in the world, is that the quteiis always bear a fotelgn lienrt, and are the usual In.irnmeiit made ue of by God tu hu- Jmlllate and thaakaa the nation." Change InSenate Netfi Ye'ar Thought Unlikely Republicans, to Control Upper House, Would Have tc Re-elect All Fourteen Members Whose Terms Expire and Defeat Nine Democrats. C. WELLIVER. Tnrieee Luke h Jiarvinnd Btllr ,,, JNfltt .1rs lamas V Ifa.Ha Montana Henry f,. Mytl m YorK James A. OGorma. Nevada Key nttroa !-: Atl Pomoren ft1"?."' James A. Hee- uJl I '?' Claude. A. Bwanso- Mississippi. . .Jolui Bharp William Can It Be Done? rhere are the seventeen Dcmocrati trom among whom the Republican must elect nine Republicans next yea! in addition to carrying every J5ut noi represented by a Republican tienalo whoso term Is expiring. If they oul control the next Benatt. Can It b doner At the outset It will be conceded m several Utates may as 'well he eltmi nated from discussion. It wluld' tl equivalent to forfeiture of clalrn rn any political attention to assume tna there was uncertainty about the Demn crats electing Henatora in norlds Texas, Virginia, and Mississippi. Tho Ktatcs may be regarded as the sun Democratic list. Perhaps Arltoni should bo Included, but the politic doctors aro by no means unanimous tl diagnosticating It in that way. Cutting out four States as eertaii to return Democrats, thero remalj thirteen In which the Republicans must elect nine Senators to fill, the placoi of Democrats. If they would gain corv trol of the upper house. Theso present an Interesting study In national polltlci at this time. If It could be certain thai they would elect the nine Republlcai Benators. It would bo even more cer tain that C Republican President would be elected. What Is the chanci that, if a Republican President Is elec ted, thev will elect nine Republlcai Benators? A political expert who has been can. vasslng conditions throughout the coun trv lately, and. ho Is not overconfident of Republicans success, although he li a Republican, names these as the nlm States In which the Republicans havei irood chance to unseat Democratic Bcno. tors: West Virginia. Nebraska. Maine. Indiana. Maryland. New Jersc Montana New York. Nevada. Ohio. Missouri No Enthusiastic Betting. Total, eleven. It Is not a proposition tl invite enthusiastic betting. There wouU seem to be quite as much chance foi the Democrats to elect a Senator tt Wlsi opsin, in succession to La Kollctta as for the Republicans to elect a Re publican In Maryland to succeed Blah I.ec It appears aulte as likely that thi Democrats may elect 'a successor t Sutherland In Utah, as that the Rcpub Means will choose ono' In the seat o Myers In Montana. The precise re sous why Massachusetts, California North Dakota, and Delaware, choulc be regarded as certain RapublU;ai states are not apparent, though It la ad mitted bv Dcmocrata that the prosperltj argument 'has somehow failed to atttaoi as much confidence to the Democratic pnrtv as it commonly dots to the Ila. publican. The whole survey of Senatorial pros pects Indicates that neither side il certain to car' the next Senate, hu the Dcmocrata arc generally conceded to hae a better chance than their op. ponents; and that the last branch ol the (iovernnunt to change political com plexion Is llkel" to be the upper houal of Congress. VENDETTA AND BLOOD FEUD AMONG SERBIANS ( bararterlatlta of K PropU In Ra rope Are Probably So l.lttlt Known. The characteristics of no people II Kurope are probably so little known tt the world at large as those of Serbia; says the ndfanapolis Sews. The er blans are a prlmltlvo people with etron passions nnd Inspired as are ali primU live people bv the clean spirit. The vendetta and blood feud nreva among Ihvm. Of the seven Serbia princes who have ruled the land sine the beginning of tho nineteenth centurj the rirst, Karageorgevltch waa murden ed. tho second Princo Mllosh, was ex pelk-d; the third. IVInco Michael, wal murdeied, the fourth. Alexander Kara, georgevllch. had to abdicate, the flftli, King Milan Obrenovltch, was expelledl the sixth. King Alexander I, was mur dered, the fccvcnth, King Peter, thi present ruler, has spent much of hli life In exile. Serbia is a peasant state with a lib eral and progressive constitution. Th( national Parliament Is elected by tint versal male suffrage und u large propur tion of the members belongs to tin peasant class. It is a homogeneous 'nn tlnn nf Independent farmers. It haa beer called the poor man's puradlse," ai theie ate no poor and no rich. There an inexhaustible minimi resources In tin mountains but Serbia has been less ex Plored than tho most remote paita ni the I'nlted States. i.tiNK imm uni'm.sijs vnv.. Mill Hundred Men and Weeps lhci Up Is Promoted. The bravery of the ticrbUn soldlei nnd the manner In which he fights toi his beloved country aie Illustrate! Ir me louuwiuu story, tor the tiuth ol which a well known and ardent Scilio plillc vnuchea, says tho Itund'e Adver- user, iiciorc tne superior forces of tin enemy on one occasion a Serbian p-gt incut had to ictlre. of the men scrvliH the machine guns nil hut one wen killed anil wounded, but this man i Btead of withdrawing with his coi rades, continued to work his liuu will aiii'li fiendish energy that nt Inbt ttx adviiivlng encins. not reallzlns tint hi htood alone, and fearing a tiap. ictlrH In their turn. And the tltuutlni was havnl by tlie courage of one man His oNplott wits duly reported to th ceiieial. who w nt toi him net da; and mid lloieelv "Vou'ie a lenlbli fellow hut's this I heur of jinn Thev tell nn. It was a regular niassnciei How ninny men did you kill?" Tin gunnel, much perturbed, stammered on his belief that certalnlv well ot'ti i htuidied men musl have fallen victlnit. tu his machine ittin "cll." said the geneial, frowning "there's nothing for It but to make yoi a corporal." "Oh, general," cclalniei the man. who had expected ome kln( or punishment "nd now, Corimra . I make yoif a aetgeant" Ol ,cneral," paiped the man, sl'tcchlcai with nstonlshtncnt "And now. feer cennt ," the general went on. make you a lieutenant " The new of tleei bunt Into tears "And now," crlod the general, "embrace, me!