THE WASHINGTON TIMES, MONDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1915.
LOW RENT SOCIOY
URGES TI ON UN
INSTEAD OF. LM
By GARDNER MACK.
' THE BEST
Photoplay J)epartment in
New York Organization Says
This Alone Will Help the
Small Farmer and Tenant.
FARM MORTGAGES USELESS'
Letter to Senator Fletcher Cites
Waste of Billions in Ground
. Rent System.
; In a remarkable communication tj
l Senator Fletcher of Florida, cha'r-
man of the United Stales qomnussiun
on co-operative land mortgage banks
'the Society to Lower Rents, and Re
duce Taxes on Homus, with hea.i
uuartera'ln New York, declares that
the proposed system of land, mor-
lfrage banks will oe utterly unoion
t to The average tenant farmer of the
.country and the man who wants to
own n farm, unless the present tax
system be changed.
i The communication, which is sign
id by Frederic C. Leubuxcher, rm
'president, and Benjamin" C. Marsh, ex
ecutive secretary of the society, Is ex
pected to attract notice In connection
with the efforts to get rural credits
i legislation this winter.
Would Tax Land Valuqs.
It Is a plea for transferring taxes
from labor to. land values, as the only
i means of really helping tenants an!
I small farm owners. It Is pointed out
that values of farm lanJs are, swell
i Ing rapidly, at an enormous rate, and
that reducing Mntcrest rates on land
mortgages, under present tax meth
I ods. will Increase the" selling price of
land and not help tho tonant and small
, farmer or man who Is trying to get a
The letter follows- '
"Dear Mr. Senator-: Tho commend
able effort of the president and ot your
commission to better tho financial and
economic status of the farmers deserves
"Is It conceivable, however, that
farmers themselves will secure any
real benefit from nyramldlne specula
tive land prices and their debt burdens
which would be tho Inevitable result
of reducing Interest rates to farmers,
under our present system of taxation?
"The United States census gives the
following facts for 1910: Tho value of
farm lands was $28,475,674,169, an In
crease fn the decade of J15.417.666.174, or
1181 per cent: the value of farm build
ings was 16.325.451.528. an Increase In the
decade of $2,76812.032, or 77.8 per cent:
the value of Implements and machinery
was $1,265.149,783. " an Increase In the
ncado of $515,373,813. or 68.7 per cent:
the value of live stock was. $4,925,173,610.
an Increase In the decade of $1,849,695,907,
or 60.1 per cent.
Billion Dead Waste.
"The net ground rent at 5 per cent on
the Increase In land values during the
decade was. In 1910, $770,883,308, while In
terest at 6 per cent on the Increase
would amount to $925,039,970, a total of
$1,693,943,279, This sum, nearly one and
'three-quarters of a billion dollars, And
only $250,000,000 less than the value of
the corn and wheat crops of that year.
Is tip annual dead waste In the cost
of Sgrlcultural production, due to our
stupid system of taxation, which al
most forces speculative land prices,
while putting a heavy burden of taxa
tion on all producers.
"Land mortgage banks will help the
average tenant farmer and would-be
farm owner, under our present tax sys
tem about as much as sticking a feath
er In a rushing mountain torrent would
stop trie water.
"In 1910, there were 3,354,897 farms op
erated by owners owning the entire
farm. The value of the land of these
farms was only $13.441.S34,689.
"There were 1.006,605 farms operated
by part owners, managers, und tenants,
.the land of which was worth $16,033,
839,480. The farms directly operated by
tenants numbered 2,354,676. and the land
thereof was worth $9.4M,6.1,76.
"The present decade's speculation in
farm lands would load an annual waste
of fouc billions on the country's pro
ducers. "The folly of attempting to meet the
desperate situation of the tenant farm
ers and small farm owners, shown in
the report of the United States Com
mission on Industrial Relations, by land
mortgage banks Is even more apparent
when we look ahead four yearn to 1920.
Burden On Consumers.
"If the value of farm lantls Increases
ns rapidly during the present decade
ns during the past, the Increase will
he $33,601,295,519. Five per ccnt-ground
rent on this enormous sum over ote
ixth of our national wealth In is.:
js lj,6SO,064,7i6, Six per cent intert on
this lncrcuso U $2,01b,u77,75l a total of
n,696,14.5i7. This is tliico-auartera of
the total governmental clfibt of the
i ountry. Approximately th's sum muat
l.e paid dlroctly, or Indirectly befota
farm producers get any prollt, nnd th a
charge must bo paid by the consumers.
"Tho total inortgtge indebtedness Un
TU0) of 1.006,511 farm owners Including
. thoBe who rent additional land, nvus
ithe consus reports) $l,7:M,17'J51, or
tibout one-twentieth of tho additional
dead loss dbt of producers to land
rperulutora Involved In tho probafcla
j-peculatlve Increase In land values dur
ing the present decade. Reduclpg !
itest rates will increase the selling
j rloo of land, so lonir as 'and values
.r rfflitlv taxed as now.
'In View OI me w'l'fvuem iucih bc
foitli Hbove, we respect fully suggest
I'mt any 1)111 establishing land mortg:.g
1 anKa should follow tho principle of
1ic Smith-I.evcr bill fin- ugr.ctiltural
xtension work. It should provide thit
. ulr-r.il aid. through lunu mortgage
i .inks will be extended only to those
stntos which abolish taxes upon riii
j lavements nnd all products of laooi.
ml sp-iiio revenue for local and Statu
iiupnsiM bv taxing land value.
You and nil members of your Com
illusion, as well ns the Piesldent. know
tills transfer of taxes from lubor to land
v allies will bpnellf all small farm own
..a f.n.i ion mts. Ilia value of whose lm-
1 roveinents U nt'Veral times us much as
Hie bare site value of tho'r liirins. It
i nlso tho nnl effective means to break
i p the moiiopolv of farm land In our
. ountrv where onlvl vr cent ot tho
. mi ucieage la In farms of less than
twenty nores. nnd nearly one-fifth Is In
inrmH of 1.000 to 1ifiO.flOO acres.
"It alono will Insure to real fanners
the benefit of land mortgage banks,
eh rural co-operation and cicdlt sys-
''Trie untaxing of tho products or
labor Is endorsed by the progress've
iranges of tho country. The Washing
ion State Grange, at Its convention in
.time, adopted tno rouowing resolution.
" That we go on record as. favoring
the adoption of a system o taxation
whereby personal property and all Im
provements would be exempt, and the
burden be borne entirely by land
'This principle has been recommended
b) the T nlted States Comm sslon on lu
ll 'rtrlal Relations. It Is the now leg)
i.'l step In hclplnc farmers and should
jrrtede the establishment of Isnd mort
fas banks '
Mil .i , , , ,
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lllSiiI& WMb& ' Jaasal
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law .BN8toe HbM
Son of famous actor and photoplayer, who plays leading rnlc in "The
Red Circle," the first chapter of the story of which is published in
The Times today.
The New Adventure of
J. Rufus Wallingford
Read It Here Now Then See It in Moving Pictures
All I and red-faced Ben Jcssup and all the
other Idlers In the village, quit their re-
. ., ... i c i'.ii spcctive occupations in a hvrry. oven
lionunueu " .a.-,., to tne anCent nnd honorable one of
(Copyright, 1915. by The Star Co
foreign nguu "a..i
"If you want to dig," "Toad"
ii infni.mi.il him. "I reckon
need this here pick. Le' me dig some
"iTi , n,i.ti I'm a cooJ digger.'
"Come right on, Speckles,; Wal
lingford Invited heartily: "Well dig
togethet, ar.a. laumt. w i.-. -!
began with a will. ,..
Wallingford. however, being rather
heavy for this sort of work, and
somewhat short of breath, was very
much relieved when Jonas bqulbbhi
came at last and gazed Into the Incip
ient ditch, with wrinkles of cupidity
corrugating his nose and almost clos-
"'Wliat6 are you dlggln'?" he Je-
""A hole," returned Wallingford calm
ly, spitting on his hands and taking
fresh grip on the pickax. m
"I'll have to have damages for that,
Jonas quickly decided. .,
..mi r rnv fur it." declared Walling
ford. "The rent of this ground was
included In the twenty dollirs 1 gavo
That didn't include lnjurln my prop
erty," Jonas severely i-'iu
have to pay damages, or else
y"Sue and be jiggered- answered
Wallingford. turning vigorously to his
work again; then he sudden y si rwui
ened up In an apparent Hash of anger.
"WhaVIl you take for, your old field?
h"wlnedi been holdln' that site back
for a town hall, when the town grows
un to It." Jonas declared.
"The wooden plank with your name
loafing, to secure that unprecedented
$2 a day. Kven Hen Ilant appeared
with his crowbar and pick and spado,
but It transpired that Jonas Squlbble
was merely subletting htm. and making
$5 a week profit from his labor, a fact
which completed tho dire work of mak
ing a thorough anarchist of Hen. He
would have spent most of his time In
expounding his reactionary views to his
fellow-workmen had It not been for the
nctlvitv of the foreman. "Toad" Jessup
was on the Job from the first stroke of
the pick In the morning until the echo
of the last clank of the crowbar had
died nwav at night, nnd he was con
tinuously at the side of every Individual
man of the near a score employed, giv
ing his slow-moving and listless "Paw"
the same attention as any other care
less workman who needed driving. He
knew exactly how everything should be
done, and he had no hesltancv whatso
ever In Imparting Information. He
drew $2.50 a day. and he was worth
everv cent of tho money. It was the
keenest delight Blackie Day Rnew to
Men were excavating the slabs of
crumbly blue rock with as much tender
caro as If the had been rocs eggs, and
laving them gentlv upon beds of straw
wlipro Dnn Calvin, the vlllasre carpenter.
with the phenomenal assortment of
glass-eves one for each day In the
n.-'pk measured each slab, and made an
Individual box for lt. Into which box
other careful hands bedded the slab In
straw, arid nailed it firmly In. Not one
Rtone was pneked. however, until Wal
llncford' himself, grave nnd preoccupied.
and as prosperous looking as the dla-
Ruth Roland Thinks
Flowers Are the
Real Symbols of
The selection of actresses for cer
tain kinds of parts la one of tho
difficult things that are sot bo
fofo photoplay directors where so
much depends on the ability of the
artist to visualize the character.
One .cannot select bad men to play
th.o parts of bad men or bad women
to play bad women's pdrts In the va
rious kinds of dramas. Many well
known producers claim that It Is
necessary for the actor or actress
to live the part,
In the ability of tho hardwork
ing conscientious men and women
or the stage and the photoplay to
realize tho unpleasant character
istics of some of the people they
portray, however, lies their art It
would be difficult, lor instance, to
Imagine a young woman of Iluth
Itoland's sunny, optimistic disposi
tion in the part of June Travis In
"The Red Circle."
The readers of The Times who
have read tho first Installment of
Albert I'ayson Terhune's story In
this paper today, must prepare
themselves for a very well played
drama, however, when they see
Miss Roland next week In the
heroine's role. Her capacity for
realising the many lights and
shades In the development of June
Travis Is what secured her the
Miss Roland made her debut as an
actress when she was four years old
and has been constantly on 'the stage
almost thirteen years. She played
"Llttlo Lord Fauntleroy" when sho
was six years old, and at that time
'attracted tho attention of David
Belasco. who said sho was ono of
tho best child actresses he had ever
seen. When sho was oloven she
temporarily retired from the stage
to go to school, but she returned be-
fore she was sixteen and has been
aotlvely engaged cter since.
Four years ago she was ""found"
In a stock company by the Kalcm
Company, and with that concern be
gan her career as a motion picture
actress. A year ago she entered tho
service' of the Balboa Company, and
appeared In a series of allegorical
dramas under the general title of
"Who Pays?" which attracted at
tention to her as an actress of seri
ous roles. When Albert Payson
Terhune's story, "The Red Clrclo,"
was made Into a photoplay. Miss
Roland was really the only person
considered by. the Balboa and Pathe
directors In connection with the dif
ficult part of June Travis.
Personally Miss Roland Is a young
woman of very sunny disposition.
Her greatest delight Is to be among
flowers California flowers. As she
writes In a recent Issue of tho Mo
tion Picture Magazine:
" 'What do I like best?' answered
Impulsively, It would be 'flowers,'
but. on second thought, I would nay:
'Riding In my car among the flow
ersthe flowers of California.'
"If Van Dyke's boy, In his search
for the Blue Flower of Happiness,
had wandered through the fields of
California. I am sure he would have
found both his wonderful Blue Flow
er and the Happiness ho sought.
"Surely the flowers of California
are symbols of happiness, as are tho
blue skies and the wonderful, shin
ing sun. Both of them, in my work,
hold for me a charm undying. What
could be more Inviting, more inspir
ing than to start out early on a'
glorious morning with a radiant sun
beaming down upon you nnd all na
ture shedding its benediction on you
and your efforts?
"Environment Is recognized as an
asset to work, whether- It mar or
make It, and truly one cannot but do
his or her best work In that environ
ment of wondrous beautv. Some one
has called flowers 'Smiles of God,'
and I love that name best for them.
"Van Dyke's 'God of the Open
Air' and his collection of stories un
der th title? 'The Blue Flower,' are
bits that I admire. Also I read
Service's poems. For more serious
moments I enjoy Emerson's essays,
which all combine with the great
heart of nature to give the philos
ophy of life which. If followed, can
not but help bring true happiness a
freedom from narrowness of mind
and a serenity of spirit."
' G. M.
ntiiinr riii' Rtmiupntidt jsrmi iuiiif utttla n aBDtoxttoettlil flltttn ItWldfidl
neanaetrMin IHm VnlitA Ktnin. rrarvta.nrtatBriSein.atvthAtrioit.AutiraUdandBcan-l
amatta, tn four lonouaget. Metropolitan r not comronta vw onn, nni
ws or ptrmviio to vuoitin wni tnuntattl lirmm in tn in.jrr, im
thtrtfortt aiJterHrtnt raft. ry,WTBlUtATIOtrAtt BIBL$BmpBNTSASoaTATTONl
The Overthrow of
DARK MISCONCEPTIONS CLEARED AWAY.
Satan Not Stoking Fires, But a Great Prince What the Bible
Declares of Him He Fell From Being an Angel of Light
Pride and Ambition Led Him to Rebellion Against God Why
God Has So Long Permitted "Him Without Authorizing His
Reign The Nature of His Rule Its Object How It Will
End His Dethronement Foretold at the Inauguration of
ST. IvOUIB, Mo.,
Die, 12, Pator Ku
sell appearance at
the Caalno today
brought to a climax
his great "Photo
Drama of CroMlon,"
exhibited to approxi
thoiuand people In
the Coliseum duniitf
tho put week. Our
city has been greatly
stirred to new and
better views ot tne
Dlble by thli sreat
Drama of four prt.
each two hours' long.
It bad a run ot ume
three month here in
the Victoria Theatre,
a year ago, and
many or tnon
attending during tne
past weeK witneeted
It then, and enthuilaitlcally declared that
Its wonderful lectures and beautiful pic
ture surpassed any other entertainment
a repocta Instruction In Hclence, Phlloeo-
pny, nna itellglon, from tne Blole viewpoint.
We undentand that In Chicago the Drama
hahad a run of nearly a vear, and I attll
showing at the Metropolitan Auditorium. Mn
New York City Temple. W. 6Ird Bt., near
IlroaJway. the home of the Drama, It ha
had astrun of more than a year, and lately
lias been (bowing In Germ., SwedUh, Ital
ian and Polish. Announcement hi Deen
made that the Drama will reopen tn Eng
lish, bvirlnnlng, next Sunday afternoon.
continuing every week night Indefinitely.
ttuuuci, .....- - ,u i nnii nR nrosDeroi
It will be rotira aowu "'""ti..": ' .wl Kr.tl, t n 1wlnrn' fair, hud
weeds before that happens, w'un-,: I mtal!Urea ,t anU COrnnuted its weight.
ford souriy mm ? ,,r ' i and examined it for flaws, ana tcstca
its nuallty bv scraping a previous edge
of it with his pocket knife and study
ing tho scrapings solemnly under a
pocket magnifying glnss.
:": i - rinllnrn fnr the field."
"I or't to have two hundred and twenty-live."
he declared, with seeming ro
luctance. d WaUlnBford.
"here's your 'two hundred and twenty-
five dol ara. ana imm u ",-""",:
e produced tho money and thrust It
upon the pstounded Squlbble.
'An' now." wild "" tr,,'nn,l.aJ,,l!K:
nattlng his leather monoy-puuen . .
SSW to make sure tin., ,t was s
sate, "you limy ;
........ .-1,7 ni, '! ilon't coie to dig a
rkri W the ny. Mi. lului'le. CRANDALL'S
are you olng over past the postoniio. Ra, ,, Kclardj paying the roles of
i miBht." replied Jonas cautiously fnthPr an.. 80n ln tho Fox FUm Com-
"Thon kindly mail this letter tor inc. , r,any. production .of "Her Mother's
will you?" "and Walllngfoid handed n i secret." gives a totally different char-
a stamped, addressed, aim suuni .i- acterizatlon in each part In a rather
velone "Now. soniu-. ho said to j nualla entertainment at Crandalra to-To-id
" "ect me a cat pernor, u loml i (Jay Tne iatner Rg played by Mr. Kel-
nf Htrnw. and all tne men
av 3 crowbars, plckaxos. ind spades.
and who unwilling to Nsork for two
"remit." inrt Smmedl-
flnllnrn 1L llllV.
VAautr " Hfltll
atoly t'ocame a cloud of dust,
.lonas turnod' .way w't I. MXru-
ford's letter, ami m i " , ,' IV '
Inscrlntlon. It was addressed to the
interna ?"nal I-lttoRrnpli 3tone orn
iVi nv lonas In deep thought, which
'wi'rafHly boeomnL- nWntiil. slowly
w fkod half wv hcioss to tho stciro.
which was ills-, tho poHtofflcc. then
tinned and came back.
"Ujoklt horn." ho charged In a si'H
don panic, 'you dug that 1. ojo on n
purpose to make me think you y,aa
u-l.uyins that proKrty Jos' t.ccaufe you
woh man. . ,., Qai,i
Away 35 Years, Believed
Dead, Then Comes Back
CONNOrtSVIIi'LE, Tnd.. Doc. Ti.
Jacob De Haven, seventy-five, long be
lieved dead by relatives here, has Just
returned to Connorsville after an ab
sence of thlrty-ftve years. When he
appeared at the door of his nephew,
Samuel Do Haven, the family did not
De Haven, once a prosperous farmer
of this community, sold his placo one
day and departed without saying a
word to any one. It was reported that
he was killed by bandits ln tho West.
He says that he followed the sea and
spent several years In tho Orient and
n.tf d.-iro !iou inspect mc
Wallingford, mulling. , . mv
"You oomo line a-purposo to buv my
stonn Hold!" Jonns further c'larged.
with a sinking feeling In the pit of his
,t"P'MC,Vnake rto admissions." stated
"What do you want o' my he'd, anj
how?" Jonas demanded, now suio t?al
he had been swindled.
Thnt's my affair, sir." announced
Wallingford crisply "Moreover, I can t
waste time tnlitlng auout :t. lyp .i
great deal Jf won to no m niiui--vllle.
and veiy llttlo time in which to do
It I'll tuke that letter If you please.'
and rescuing it from Jonan' nerveless
lingers, he walked across to the post
office and mailed his request for a catn-
"Jimmy," stld Blackie wntchlng the
retreating le ' of "Toad" with vast acl
mlratl in, """ you don't make that kid
foreman of the works, at regular fore
man's pnv. I'll never draw up nnotner
legal documeui for you."
Iteforo noon Kaiiiubloilllo was tho
bUFlest town on the map Tho black
amltli the coodci and even the pro-
I prletor bf the Auditorium Hotel, to sav
nothing oi paic-eycu unu paic-naii-ou
lard. Is a cold, calculating business man
without a spark of human reeling. Tne
son. on the,. other hand, Is a warm
hearted. Impulsive youth who Is started
Mr. Kellard ib a popular flguiTa In Wash
ington because of his service hero as
leading man with a stock company
headed, by Charlotte Walker some years
ngo. This Is his first local appearance
In photoplays. "Her Mother's Secret"
will bo seen again tomorrow and Wed
nesday. Mile. Diane, a French actress new to
Amerloa will be tho leading woman of
the Hhubert production, "The Siren's
Song," which comes to Crandall's
Thursday and Friday. Charles Trow
bridge, last seen hero In the stago pro
duction of "Daddy Longlegs," Is the
loadlnir man of the niece. Saturday A.
IT Vin rtnron nml Theda Bara will
Ingaln be seen In tho Fox company's
nlm production or me uaney oiave.
TODAY'S BEST FILMS
By GARDNER MACK.
The old story of being too much of a'.
"good fellow," Is the basis or tno mm
drama. 'The Warning," In which the
Kqultable Company presents Henry
Koiker at tho Leader today. Mr. Kol
ker Is well known and well liked In
U'nnhlnetnn ns n staKe star and has
acquired equal popularity as a photo
player. "The Warning" has been given
en excellent setting and a strong cast
The play will bo repeated tomorrow ana
Wednesday. .... ... .. ..
Thursday Mary Plckford will be the
star of the program In a film adaptation
nt Vrnnres Hodeeson's Burnetts story
nnd play, "Esmeralda." On Friday and
Saturday the principal attraction win do
Marguerite Clark In the oddly construct
ed drama. "Heleno of the North." This
play deals with the adventure of n,
young woman In tho woods ,of Canada
and tho pictures Illustrate a story she
Is telling a week-end party at a big
English country house. Tho manner In
which tne play naa peon prouuceo is
novel nnd tho settings are unusually effective.
"The Battlefldlds of France." with
lectuies bv the Baron H. S. de
Malausscne and Dr. Joshua Will
iams, of Paris, the Belasco Thea
ter, Lafayette square.
Marguerite Clark. In "Wlldflower"
(Famous Players). Loew'a Colum
bia. Twelfth and F streets.
Ralph Kellard. In "Her Mother's
Secret" (Fox Film Company),
i minimi a, iMinui ai)u & streets,
Henry Koiker. ln "Tho Warning"
(Equitable), tho Leader, Ninth be
tween K and F streets.
William S. Hart, in "The Disciple."
and Chester Conklln. In "Savotl by
Wireless" (Triangle Films), the
Garden, 423 Ninth street.
Mary Miles Mlntcr. In "Barbara.
Frletchle," adapted from the poem
bv John Greenleaf Whittles (Metro
Pictures), the Strand, Ninth and D
Blllle Ritchie and Louise Orth. In
"Silk Hose and High Pressure"
(L-Ko), tho Georgia. 3122 Georgia
Arnold Daly and Louise Butter. In
"The Menace of the Mute" (Pathe).
tho Olympic. 1431 U streef.
Lcnore Vlrlch, ln "Kllmeny" (Mo
rbsco), Crandall's Apollo, 624 II
street northeast. '
tonic of today. "TUB
OVERTHHOW OP SATAN'S EMPIRE."
wn a tilting conclusion to the Drama here,
emphalslng some of the leon In the
Drama. He said In part:
lxng ha the world been taught the fable
that Satan I In some far-ofl and unknown
place rolled Hell. iKoklng fires and causing
untenable nmriMh to million ot our racei
Rut the nible tells no such fable. It repre-
rents Satan as a great and powerful spirit be
ing "the Prince of this world." (John 11:J0.)
Acaln, It utiles him the ruler, or god, or
this world, "who now worketh In the heart
or the children of disobedience." (S Corin
thians 4:4; Ephealans 2:2.) He ha a great
spiritual empire amongst men. which con
trols through Ignorance, superstition, and
fear the vast majority of the human family.
The Dlble declares Satan to be the great
expert In deceiving the people making dark
ness appear to be light, falsehood appear to
ba truth, and truth appear to be falsehood.
It declares that God ha permitted Satan
thus to rule a a prince, but that He never
authorized him that Satan's power 1 pure
ly usurpation, based upon deception. It tell
why God has permitted him to usurp au
thority, what object will be served eventu
ally by the permission of evil, how Satan
shall be restrained, or bound, during the
thousand yein of Messiah's rlnrlou King
dom, and that eventually he will be utterly
destroyed arinlhllated. Revelation JO:!,.
SATAN OniGINALLT A GLORIOUS
The Ulblo story la that Satan was created
peciect, that he waa originally an angel
of ery high rank, named Lucifer, which
slgnlliea bright, glorious. Intelligent, lie
was the first of God's creatures to rebel
against the Divine arrangement. Pride and
ambition beclouded his wisdom, lie desired
to liecome a king, an autocrat. In some
lealin of bis own, which apparently ne
landed that ho ciuld rule more wisely than
could Jehovah. Ueholdlng the newly createa
Adam and Kve with procreatlve powers and
with authority from Ood to nil the earth I
with glorious perfect human beings, Satan
concluded that he would never have a better
opportunity than this for establishing nun
self as a great king. If he could alienate
man from the Creator, he would soon have
an emulre of his own. He succeeded In
tempting Adam to disloyalty, disobedience
to God, and thus barred him from Divine
favor Ilut later he found that God'a pro
nouncement, "The wage of sin Is death,"
was no Idle threat, and that all of his sub
ject were dying. (Romans :.) The blight
ot sin was upon hi kingdom, and the only
way hecould maintain It at all was througn
Ills next move was to establish a new
race, Infused with fresh blood. The tact
that God had not punished Satan's disloyal
ty was, no doubt, a surprise to all the holy
angels It appeared aa though Satan was
too powerful for God to punish him. Hence.
when Satan presented the proposition that
tho angels should materialize aa men and
beget human children of the human mothers
of the race, a considerable number of the
angels deflected, and participated In tne
proposition. As the Bible declares, "tney
left their own estate." or condition. Tne
Blole tells us that the result of this un
authorized union waa a new race, physically
giants, "men of renown" Intellectually
strong, nut morauy pervertea. rne record
further Is that thla new rare "filled the
earth with violence," dominating, enslaving,
mistreating humanity. Genesis 6:1.
WHAT THE DELUOB ACCOMPLISHED,
i'oreidiowiiig inesd .onduibas, iiou had ar
runiu lur a titiiuge; tor mankind had ue
loiitu so lou-upi under uiee evil lnnuences
mat a cuunuuuiicu ut these conditions could
no longer io beneuclal. Tne entire race,
ciceui .xiaii ismiiy ot elgui persons, were
uiowneu in tne Deluge. iot a word In the
uiuie lells that tnuse people went to eternal
vuiiure; out everycnlng in it teacnes that
uiey uieu lost lue entirely. If ill because
uuu purposes tnelr eventual deliverance
Horn doatn dnrin the thousand year of
Ciirlst a nelgn, llmreloie tne lllble teacnes
mat tney ten asleep in ueath, not to be
uva!tenei until atiir tne Millennial onwa
Mim the establishment ot rignieousnes in
tut earth. I'nen tney are to tome I orth,
not all at once, but "eery man hi bis
uwn order." John 6:SS.; 1 Corinthians
St. Peter and St. Jude Inform us that from
the time of the Deluge baton and the other
angels of .lower order, who were misled by
him Into tne misuse of their powers, were
"put under cnalna ot darkness until the Judg
ment of the great Day now at hand." 12
l'eter 2.4; Jude This signifies their re
straint, their hindrance from materialising,
tilnce then, their dealing with mankind has
not been open, as belore. but In darkness, ln
deception, etc. Satan Is called the Prince
of Darkness, of evil, of sin, of error. Jean
styles him the father of lies; and because It
was throuith his misrepresentations that
! Adam and his race came under the Divine
sentence or ueatn, inereiore jesus cans ouian
"a murderer from the beginning." John :.
For approximately four thousand years this
mighty,' wicked spiritual prince has not only
been the pnnco ot demons, rne angeis wno
sinned," but also, by deception, the god or
ruler of humanity. HI rule of darknea
ha not been an open one, which the race
would resent, but a reign through deception
and through the wickedness of humanity
"children of disobedience" the masse of
humanity. Epheslans 2:2; 2 Corinthian 4;4,
The work of Satan and his demon hosts Is
manifest amongst the heathen people. A
Bt. Paul declares, these are so deceived that
they really worship the demons Instead of
Ood-lgnorantly. (Act 17:23.) The demon
ology by which they have been deceived ha
operated through 'dreams, visions, and spirit
mediums. In every heathen nation.
rimtSTENDOM 18 SATAN'S TRIUMPH.
When God entered Into a Covenant with the
Israelite at Mount Binal. His Law forbade
them to have anything to do with these evil
N Ate these selections are made
from programs prepared toy the
managers of the theaters concerned,
and no responsibility Is assumed (or
arbitrary changes without notice to
The Times. They are based on the
personality of the players and the
producing company and not per
ppnal Inspection, except In special
cases. 3. M.
spirits, Whose communication were through
necromancer, wizards, etc. (Deuteronomy
18:9-12.) The Divine command wa that no
uch agent ot tne isvii cms were m we jw -mltted
to live ln the land of Israel. Out by
putting darkness Instead of light, Satan
brought many of the Israelite under the In
fluence of hi error. o that ln the day of
Jesu one of HI most prominent work waa
that of casting out demon irom inoee bu
had come Into so close contact with the evil
spirit that they were possessed by demon.
The ame wa true of the Apostle, who also
cast out demon. A notable lntance was
that of a maid that brought her master much
gain through soothsaying fortune teuing. m.
Paul commanded the evil spirit to come out
of her; and forthwith Per power to foretell
event, etc., was at an end. Act 18:1.
The teaching of Jesus and the Apostle
brought a great light Into the world and
established new standard, In proportion .is
their teaching were received. The Dlble
tell us that a the darkness hates the ngnt,
so those who are under the Influence, of
Satan' falsehoods hate the true Message ot
Ijou, promulgated by jcsus and tils luiiowet.
Mucn of tne persecution ot the children of.
tne light must ue ascrioed to oalan ana bt
hosts, as we read, "ihe Devil snail cast
tunny ot you into prison;" etc. lltevelauou
z:iv.j 'inroughout toe eighteen hundred year
ot tnl Uospci Age mere has been a wuriam
oetWfeen thu iiirhi. ojiu inn uarkn:ss. between
Milan's taUe teachings, insidiously Ingrafted
Into men' minus, aiiu tno teacoing of the
crd and His peopm, who received these
Into good and honest hearts. Pride and am
uition were stirred up in the Cnurcn; aud
ti:oe who should have been humble lollowers
ot Jesu were misled into pomposity, with
a form of godliness, but uenlng it power.
About -cho year bA.li, uio ulsnopa of the
Church, miaied by batan, proclaimed them
selves to be successors to Hie Apostle In
power and Divine authority; whereas the
olble declare that there were only "Twelve
Apostle ot the Lamb." (UeveUuon 21:14.)
ve see clearly that the Church lias their testi
mony In the Dlble a luily tooay a ever;
and, a St. Paul, who took the place of
Judas, declares, 'ihe Word of Uod Is suf
ficient, that the man of clod may be thor
oughly lumlsbed. (2 Timothy 3:17.) The de
luded uisnops, claiming Divine auinoniy.
made many changes Irom the .caching ot
the Dlble. claiming that they IndlvloJally
had the same Inspiration as the Apostles.
They additionally fortified their position by
holding Apostolic Councils, and through these
making creeds, which for more than twelve.
hundred years entirely supplanted the Dlble.
Ihe nrst of these creeds claimed to be a
simplification of the Dlble atory. making
Dlble study unnecessary. The Nlcene Creed
.was mad ln the year !2S A. D at the Coun
cil of Nice, attended by tbreo hundred und
eighty-four Dlshops. at the invitation of Em
peror Constantlne, who paid their expenses.
According to bis promise, be backed up this
creed, made at hi suggestion and ln har
mony with his assurances. Hundreds of
thousands of the heathen forthwith flocked
into th Christian churches, with practically
no knowledge of God or of the Bible. Con
sidering It impossible to immerse these multi
tudes, the Bishops' sprinkled them, claiming
full authority for their action; and the
heathen following of the Emperor are said
to have been baptized by the dipping ef
boughs and branches of trees Into water and
th mrtnlillnr Af It unnn Ihnm tn masse!
For more than twelve centuries anybody
found ln Dossesslon of the Dlble. or study
lng It, was suspected ot heresy and liable
to persecution; for why should they study
th Rlble when the EmDeror and the so-
called Apostolic Bishops had declared the
Nlcene Creed to be a condensation of the
Bible, and all that was necessary to he
believed? During those twelve centuries ln
which the professed followers, of Jesu were
without the guidance ot the Bible, the pro
teased Bishop-Apostles met from time to
time and made new creeds containing fresh
error the ery error which bave troubled
the whole world ever since, atjd which are
till troubling us and confusing us.
The Bible, speaking of the influence of
these false doctrines of the civilized world,
declared that all nations were "made drunk
by the wine" of false doctrine. Reela
tlon 17:2.1 Gradually we are getting over
the drunken stupor of error which baa so
beclouded our faculties that they led us
to think of our Almighty Friend nnd Cre
atorthe Gd of all grace, the Father nf
Mercies, from whom cometh down every
good and perfect girt to tninx ot mm as
a great drvll. who from the beginning has
plotted knowingly and Intelligently for tne
creation of the race, nearly all of whom
were to spend an eternity in torture.
SATAN HAMPERED REFORMATION.
Any one familiar with history realizes
that both Catholics and Protestants are
truer and nobler men and teachers since
the Reformation time than they were be
fore. We are not blaming humanity ror
the reign of darkness. We are cnargiruc
the matter to our great adversary. Jatan,
as the Dlble doe, ll has ever been nis
custom to pose as an angel of llgflt a
leader to defend tne Truth and to rpread
knowledge; whereas ln reality he has al
ways persistently continued to be the ene
my and adversary ot God seeking to thwart
ever- feature of the Divine Plan. Mo
doubt at many times be has thought him
self successful, not catching the spirit of
the Divine Program or realizing that God
Is able to make all of his macninatlons to
work out eventually tor rood.
When ln the Sixteenth Century the light
ot the Reformation began to breaK, the
people began to look past the Bishops and
to Inquire what Jesus and the Apostles
had aald. They wanted the Bible. Hut
for n time the Bishop stood ln their way.
It was In the year 15M A. D.. exactly
twelve centuries after the making or tne
Hrst creed, that Professor Tyndale, a godly
man and a scholar, translated the New
Testament into Eugllsn and sought to give
it to the British people. Although print
ing and paper had been Invented, he could
not have hi work published In Great Brit
ain; for the power or the Bishop was too
strong. No printer dared to oflena tncm.
Proteisor lyndale finally succeeded In hav
ing his work printed on German presses ln
the city ot Worms, and then imported those
iew Testaments Into London, They ap
peared in the shop windows, and the people
rejoiced. But the masse tound themselves
unable to reao; tor equcaiion was uniy
amongst, the favored few. They started to
bave lllble readings to hire acholariy persona
read to them. But the Bishops, learning
or ih,u thinss. bouiiht un the entire edition
of Tyndale's New Testament aud publicly
burned the books In front of St. Paul' Ca
thedral, In London Protestant Bishops of the
Church df England. They reasoned that If
the people got back to the Bible, they would
Ignore the creeds and those who had made
the creeds; and that thus the Bishops' honor
and Influence would be lost. They foresaw,
also that all the creeds would be challenged
by Blbio authority; and that their own Apos
tolic claims also would be challenged by the
words of Jesus, who declare that those who
do so claim "do lie." Revelation 2:2.
But the Lord's time came for the Bible to
return gradually to It proper place. The
Bishops fodnd that the people were murmur
ing against their course; and In forty year
the murmuring reached uch a height that
the Bishops found It wiser to bring out a
Bible translation. They called ll the Blah
op' Bible, In order that they might draw
back to themselves tho favor or the people,
and thu offset their previous lllble burning.
But they warned the people that In reading
the Bible they must Interpret It by ihe
creed which the Bishops bad'trtad durln
the preceding twelve icniune; that jthcr
wis they would be Heretic and tuner !
The matter worked well. Then the Caib.
ollc said. "Why cannot w rimllarly givu
the people the Bible, and yet hold them tljivn
to creedal Interpretation of H7" Su tney
prepared at Douay College. France, the
Douay Bible, and gave it to the cainoll- s,
with similar warning that there wa great
danger in reading It, and that whoever In
terpreted It otherwise than by the creeds
would be heretics and could not even cut
oft with legatory, but would go down fJ
eternal torture, '
In addition to these handicaps, we must
remember that all the reformers who really
appreciated ine wioie naa weir minus warped
and twisted by twelve centuries ot 'human
misrepresentation of the Divine character
and Plan, under the malevolent Influence
of "the prince of this world." Ilemsj. al
though the translations of the Bible are
generally good, they are Interspersed here and
there with the mental coloring of the trans,
latora. Nor can we wonder at this. Twelve
centuries of error and .darkness niut greatly
wTCiuuu me mina ana require lime to be
SECT FOLLOWED SECT, BEEKINO'lIOUT,
,Again Satan sought to block the path of
Christian progress from darkness to tight
by encouraging sectarianism. Yet each Sect
" re"' seeking more light; and Batan.
th Prince of Darkness, succeeded In leading
aome this way and sortie that way, and In
perpetuating and to some extent Increasing
the confusion of doctrines, until today the
vast majority ot even these who profess full
consecration to God are perplexed, bewil
dered. The fire of Higher Criticism- and of
evolutionary theories emanating from the
college is burning un the faj faith of
many, as Bt. Paul foretold would be the
case with those who built their faith with
the wood, hay and stubble of human tradi
tion, and who did not sufficiently search out
and build with th gold, sliver and precious
sionea oi isivine iruin. 1 cjorintaians 3:12.
The eminent Cardinal Newman expressed
the sentiment of all honest ChriMn. in v.i.
hymn, which has met with such general favor
everywnere. in It ne ey:
"Lead. Kindly Light.
Amidst the encircling gloom,
Lead Thou me on.
T'he night 1 dark and
I am far from home:
Lead Thou me on."
Like the Cardinal, all Christian people ate
coming to realize that they bave teen in an
encircling gloom; ana that somenow or other,
error, taise doctrine, ha been the cause of
that gloom. AH Christian a well as the
Cardinal realize the need of a Divine Light,
to guide the people of God. They realize
that they are still in the dark night, and that
the Morning of Divine blessing has not yet
burst In upon the people ot the world. Thank
God, however, it i breaking now. We are
ln the dawn ot the glorious Millennial Kingdom.
soon the Sun of Righteousness will arise
with healing ln HI beam. (Malackl 4:2.1
Soon Satan will be bound for a thousand
years, to deceive mankind no longer. (Iter
elation 20:2.) And then, a little later, ac
cording to the Word of the Lord, Batan
and all those who will then Intelligently
sympathize with hi wrong course, and mi
refuse obedience to God under the blessed
Influence ot Messiah's Kingdom, will be
-destroyed In the tire, the Judgment, whlcn
will come down from heaven tho Second
Death, from which there will be no redemp
tion, no recovery. (Revelation 20:9.) of
these. St. Peter declares that they ahalt
perish like natural brute beast; and St.
Paul ay that they shall be punished with
everlasting destruction. 2 Peter 2:12; 2
Thessalonian 1:1J. r
Although Catholics, Presbyterians, MU-
oaisia. Baptists. Dutnerans all admit, an
doe the Cardinal, that they are encircled
tn the gloom and the darkness of the night
everywnere aDoui, nevertheless racn con
soles himself with the thought that It Is ne
more dark or gloomy wltrpblm than witi
those of other sects. Evidently this is
the truth. But the difficulty has been mat
although here are many sects, parties and
divisions amongst the people of God, mere
Is no more authority In the Bible for one
of these. sects than for another. The only
unurch of the Bible la the Church or the
First-borns, whose names are. "written in
Heaven." "in the Lamb' Book of Lite."
Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 21:27.
The course which God's people should
have pursued would have been to Keep
free from any sectarian' bondage and to con
tinue to walk ln the Light of the Tnitn,
Instead ot binding themselves with human
creed and staking their minds back to the
teachings ot Luther, Calvin, Wesley, and
others. It Is not too late to step out from
all human bondage and to obey the com
mand of the Lord's Word, which 'say that
we are to walk in the light, not to sit ln
sectarian darkness. The Bible tell us that
"the path of the Just 1 as the shining light
that ahlneth more and more unto.. the per
fect Day." (Proverbs 4:18.) We are now
In the beginning ot that perfect Day: and
all who are walking In the light, and are
free from bondage, are receiving blessing
from the Lord; for it I "due time,"
1 Timothy 2:6.
It Is safe to say that no minister of edu
cation In any ot the so-called orthodox:
sects believes the creed of his own denomi
nation or would think for a moment ot de
fending it before the public. A Baltlmo-e
minister, recently challenged by one of hi
congregation as to the truthfulness of tna
creeds respecting the eternal torment of sil
except the saintly believers In Christ, said.
"George, George, 1 do not believe those
things one bit more than you do! But 1
am bound to preach them. I cannot help
Alas, poor man! How terrible Is his Slav -
cry! VSnat mighty power could bind him to
siander his creator! The wealth or the
world should not be worthy or the slignttst
consideration if It could be obtained ai sucii
a price. The sale or the Almlgilty's name
and character necessarily seems worse to
us than the course oi Judas iscarlot in the
selling or Jesus tor thirty pieces ot silver.
Additionally, now much more Would any hon
orable man demand ror deceiving tne con
gregation who trusted him and wno supplied
a living for himself and his family? How
much money should It require ot any uoncst
man to keep bis confiding Hock in ignorance
ot his real views and ot tne teaching of
Alas, alas, how much hypocrisy appears to
be ln the world under the cloak of rellzion?
The ministers ot today have taken vows to
preach creeds which they do not believe, anj
aro uuletly assenting to those creeds and al
lowing tlielr congregations to think that
they believe those creeds, when privateo
they confess to their fellows nnd to mau
or their congregations that they bave nu
lalth whatever ln those teaching.
A with the pulpit, ao wltn ibe pew! How
many 'bankers, doctor, lawyers, tar too In
telligent to believe the monstrosities ot the
creeds, nevertheless back with their personal
influence and their money those very creeds
which dishonor God, and which bave driven
thousands of sensible people away from all
denominations! Would these urns men b
so dishonest ln respect to tbelr vdw to Ibe
Masons or the Odd Fellows or other human
organizations? Would they support things
which they did not believe? We cannot think
The only explanation we have for auch a
terrible course of hypocrisy 1 that theo
good people do not realize what they are
doing, and believe themselves Justified In
professing a ue oecauso viui uu. aniy
the hour or awakening and or decision Is
upon us. K I am correct tn teaching that
M...ih'a Klnsdom la at the door, surely it
1 time to be sobered up from the false doc
trines, time to oe very peniiem lor our
share therein, time to step out of all false
representation Into the liberty wherewith
Christ has made HI people free (Galatlans
6:1), and time to profess the Truth and to
uphold It and It alone.
Rumiv no one believes that any "hypocrite
will be granted a share In Messiah's King
dom as a member ot ins unoe ciassi jio
serious la the situation! Doe It not call for
prompt action on the part ot all who would
have the Master's approval? "Well done,
good and faithful servant; tbou hast been
faithful over a few things; I will make thee
ruler over many things. Enter thou Into the
Joy of thy Lord." (Matthew 2S:2t.) Thus
Satan's Empire 1 tottering to It fall Let
u then Join ln assisting ln the overthrow
of Satan' Empire of darkness and falsehood
PASTOR RUSSELL'S BOOK
THE. BATTLE OF ARMAQE0D0N
Cloth. T20 pages, written In t97, points out
1814 A. D. as the prelude to Armageddon.
Send Sic In stamp and this coupon for
It. International Dlble Student Asso
ciation. Brooklyn. N. T
THE SUNDAY EVENING TIMES
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