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, r?ss." 3S?7rF, P5vw Ifte lfaghmfmt Winy WEATHER FORECAST: Partly Cloudy Tonight , (Full Report oh Pane Two.) HOME EDITION 'WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 22, 1015.- KXJMBElt 8750. PBICE ONE CENT. T TS J FORD'S PEACE TRIP MAY END ABRUPTLY FRIENDS STATE Motor King Said to Realize Hopelessness of Obtaining (Joncrete Results From His European mission. Declared to Be Disappointed at Lack of Warmth of Recep tion in NorwayLloyd Nl. Bingham Dies. By CHARLES P. STEWART. CHRISTIANS, Dec. 22. That Henry Ford now realizes the hope lessness of obtaining concrete re sults from his peace mission, is the general opinion of men close to him today. Ford, it is rumored, plans to end the peace trip in a perfunctory manner and as soon as possible. He is deeply disappointed at thv' lack of warmth of reception of the peace delegates in Norway and by the frank declaration of hostility on the part of the Danish authori- lie's. These reports resulted from the ' Tact that both Schwimmer, who Ford and Mme. succcsted the ' peace cruise, have ,becn in retire- ment for seyeratays.Ford is re-' i ' -... . .. . I covering .rapidly J&3nv,& 5Pe 9f' cickness& it is stated, ana win oe able tt. join thef eace delegates' when (hey leave for Stockholm to il lorrcw. MEMBER OFPARTY DIES. Norwegian students banqueted mem ber of the Ford party last night, but it 1b reported that the bill for the en tertainment was sent to Fprd's head- qnarters. Louis P. Loihner, Ford s see retary, notified the students that the;f"- an Inexpensive and healthy food Detiolt manufacturer will conti.bute., JlO.itpO toward uew university bulldliiss. for their bones. 'which are worth little Miss ath"rllne,,.,1Lch'!;..HL,M lLL'Hy nothing. lll be fattened and dls Hgent for Ford, 'ssued a atatement ad- ,.oll.d cf for ,, .Iresaed to the Norwegian press today. ; po',et, rt ror m1- m , declaring thnt the opinion of the Amerl- Never Has Tuberculous. can P rcss with regard to tne fcora en- terurise had suddenly turned favorable Lloyd M. nincham. husband of Amelia lllngham, well-Unown actress, ana a member of the t'ord peace party, died j "ImSone of' the TS to accept i gently the strict regulation of horse Ford's invitation, accompanied the ex-, nieat would not be necessary, as with pedltlon as an official entertainer, lie cows, sheep, or poultry, except that all made many frlenJs among the peace ' horse meat should be so labeled. There delegates, but his Bohemlanlsm offended ) is no medical reason to prevent equine some of the more Puritanical of the nMn flonl being edible. oyagera. They succeeded in having ..To ,how thc rea,Ve vaue of ,uoh '.Snto' CheftT m'l';f.A'tmmrcUa,nrd;f001 Bbroad ' eed " l"c reP" tnged that he be left behind at Chris-, (Continued on Page Fourteen.) tlanla. I - Became 111 Aboard Ship. Bingham became 111 In the midst ofj this disapprobation. Me contracted I plcuro-pneumonla aboard ship and was removed so a tionpltal the day after the ' Oscar II reached Chrlstianla. Arrange-! i.iciita nil' iicillft ijinuc lu aii)j ins uuu) I back to New York. The drfth of the party's chief enter tainer thiew a shadow over the rord nrranftcmcntP. and It Is possible that meetings Mhed'iled for this afternoon will be tanccled. Comprehensive Programs Pre pared and Fifty Christmas Trees Purchased. Fifty-odd thousand school children In "Washington today are making an earn est, but often vain, effort to fix their attention on tht Indisputable fact that nine times elglr. Is seventy-two. for the clause will adjourn for the Christmas holidays tomoirow and In practically all of tho kindergartens and primary grades there w 11 be Christmas trees and an xchange of presents made by the giv ers, One of the most comprehensive pro grams will be (lint at the James Or mond Wilson School, where the little folks have been jehearslng several ap propriate playlets and tableaux. The Hoard of Education several weeks ago authorised the purchase of nearly titty Christmas tres for the schools, Superintendent Ernest I Thurston and President Henry P. Blair, ef the Board of Education, tody sent letters of geeting to all of the tcar.hera and officers of the public school service. "X appreciate the faithful, efficient service you have rendered In our great work" Mr Thhrston's letter reads, "and your cordial, friendly response to tha many special demands It ..-takes on you. l recognize with special cappiness you sincere, devotion lo tne oesi concer SCHOOL HOLIDAYS TO BEGIN TOMORROW mi tht children entrusted to our :i Mysterious Deaths TerrifyfWar Plants HAMMOND, Ind.,Dec. 22. Violcnt and mysterious deaths of foremen at the Standard Steel car plant here had ter- , rorized workmen today. Thi plant is making munitions, for the allies. Luther M. Butler, foreman in the steel hammer room, was crushed to death yesterday when the ram of a great ham mer mysteriously fell upon him. Frank Holder, another foreman, was assassinated from ambush as he stepped from a street car near his home a week ago. Authorities are investigating threats against the lives of other foremen. EW YORKERS MAY iEONlHT Health Department Aims Blow at High Cost of Living Imi tates Paris. XKW YORK. Dec. 22. Home steak are In propct In New Tork today. The board of health reDealed a section of the coil- prohibiting the slaughter of horses for food. Pari eat horse whv shouldn't New Tork? was the attitude of health officers In placing Dobbin on the butcher's coun ter. "Horse meat I without obteotlon ,as food." aald Health Commissioner Rmer aon todav. "tt can be made a valuable and chean addition to tables of thrift' peifon. and a home eenrally 1 so free thon cow nojra or heep... "ew yor, ' ln ftrst c,tv ,n t,ie I'n,te'' for f00d. The new order iu take effect Jn-y i. ' ,&&., fr ' Cnt f'nlMeta Prniiri. ' .. .. -- r Qfrtclals of the health department a.-rfd toaay they are not roluc, to 'encourage the, consumption of horseflesh, but be lieve "If" the. New Yorker wantg a colt cutlet or a Percherbn porterhouse he Is entitled to It. Economy Is the aim of the board of health. The members said thev be lieved that, by niacin? horseflesh on the market, they could effect a material qut in the cost of living and they expect thnt other cities will fdllow the example of New York. The board wished to onen the war Hir- ( nlil titmmm InttAiH tf hjilna aII Th(, ,,..,. .,... haj, ...w,.,.,,,,,. -nii practically never communicates a nut- iignant disease to numan beings.' says Health Cdmmlssloner Emerson. "Conse- Charity Opportunity No. 8 Clos ed by Generous Gift From Single Donor. Opportunity No X is closed ! The grandmother who is trylnr to make a real home for t,vo grandchil dren Is assured a Merry Christmas, and food and shelter throughout the ea by one generous donor wio sent S2S0 with the request that it be applied to "No. R." and any balance be given to some other opportunity on the list. An "old soldier" tent In $1 and thoughtfully enclosed a i-cent stamp to cover postage on the acknowledge ment. A "widow's mite" of I) Is a sam ple of sacrifices tltat are represented on the list of giveis. The Associated Charities has distrib uted through the malls 2,000 coin ca"ds. These are labeled "Santa Claus, the Dig Brother or Big Sister Hind. Havs you ever tried playing it?" So far the total subscriptions liavu not reached the 2,000 nark. The total amount subscribed, Including the S230 (Continued on Tenth Page.) Lawyers Asked to Get Deputies 'Out of Trenches' "Selid your legal papers in early. Help to gex the deputies out of the trenches by Cyitlstmas." Ths Is the Tuletlde suggestion tacked up An the wall of the section of th Cltfr Hall devoted to the offices of Usfited States Marshal Maurice Splain. i placed where attorneys can see It nd heed It. as the deputy marshals, rho serve the vsrloua legal papers for the court are anxious lo be not em ployed on Christmas Day. S250 FOR GRANDMA MAKES IPPY HI GASOLENE RISE TO 25 CENTS Quarter Dollar Mark to Be Reached Within Month, Be lieves Oil Co. Manager. PRICE IS SOARING STEADILY War Causes Shortage, But Per manent Dearth Not Feared, in View of New Fields. Gasolene at 25 cents a gallon, whole sale, before the end of January, with garages chaiglng from half a cent to two cents above that figure, Is the prediction made today by the man ager of one of the largest oil com panies doing business In Washington. The wholesale price went up a cent In this city yesterJay and in Ntv York It advanced from 20 to 21 cents. The price In Washington is now SO1, cents a gallon, whoesale. or from tank wagons. Automobile owners are now paying from 21 to 22 4 cents n gallon her. Local experts say that a diminishing supply and an Increased demand, largely on account of the war. a.e the factors causing this unprecedent ed rise. Theie Is no danger of a per manent shortage, they assert, for there are many oil fields that ha.'e. not' been tapped, but last yeai n I early this ear the price of crude oil was no low that there was very little drilling done, with the result that nl 1 wells are now drying up and thij are few new ones to take their pla. e. Fluctuations, In Price. ' j of A tab'e showing thu fluctuation oil price, wholesale. In .New lorK. for the last five yeais follows: t. lOSe Year. Open. High. l.o jn u IS PREDICTED AND 11 :i .' lit H n i; it. IB 1.1 in 2 1 21 1912 I'M.: . . . . ! .. . In .... i" WelNDftllera BuJ. i vrr faitly. This quotation was; iu.,..! , ,K. r..i,ii nriM .' "Now that the matter Is settled, the .Normally the Washington prices are Mct gn ,d be ,.,,,,,, thM th about V cent below tljose of New. oric.iaute Oepartmcut made - n6rehage though When the price, was cents against Cantaln von Fanen and Cn- there.iit was a little highe.r.hete. UtitU Hie present year the. tppprice ror gase 1 li-ne was 17 cents,. reached In 13. iur - lug .mm j iy " Kunuria wc. opened In the Oklahoma Melds, and an improvement was mad In the method of refining crude oil. so that the price fell back t cents In the nex t tew , hionths Most of the oil used in tl.lx city ' comes frc Fennsyhanla ar.il pnlo fields, very llltlo coining irom Okla hoiivi. But the exhiiustlon of the Held In the latter Stale hae Increased th demand on Pennsylvania and Ohl v,es and a higher ntl'-e everywhere Is i the ronseoueiice Well-ilrlllcia aie. now r'P"rtet! mny in nwn.v seetlcns of the coun'rv and tho outlook Is for client ei' Kaolene several months hmee. hut In the meantime Jov-rldlng ill b an rpenhe cica tlon. T E Carranza Troops Will Pi rl UUarQ Against Rioting When Villa Reaches Juarez. i i nmeral Villa s expected to Ts-s-sh Juarez tonlcht. This Information, in " --.. dispatches to the Wur Department to dav, apparently disposes of rumors that Vlila at the last moment, might decide to continue operations as leader of guerrilla bands along thc border. Rioting yesterday at .inarez Is report ed completely suppressed. Posslbllltv of demonstrations when Villa reaches there will be properly guarded against by Carranr.a troops on theij way. The War Department reports said Villa, while still holding to his pro G VILLA WILL NO com OPERATION gram to come Into this country and give ithe United States he will have a com up alt claim to any political leadership plete resume of what each diplomat has or nowtfr, has repudiated the truro , accomplished or attempted to accom- agreement S'gneo n'B loimci sohciiib a few days ago. Th State Department today received connrmatory dispatches of the rioting at Juarez. They said one American was killed on the American side of the border by a bullet from the gun from air "irresponsible soldier." The rioting was stated to be due moio to hunger than to anything else. FUNDS SOUGHT FOR MILITARY INVENTION Extra $300,000 Asked for Ex periments Like Those In Industrial Plants. The board of ordnance and fortifica tion of the War Department In its an nual report to Secretary Garrison today asked an Increased appropriation of $300,000 for the next fiscal year to enable It to carry on experiments with mili tary Inventions. "The work carried on by this board la comparable to that of the experimental and research laboratories maintained by all large Industrial plants." the report says, "and the knowledge gained In ad vance experimentation Is returned many fold by the adopUon and use of satisfac tory Implements and engines of war." During the year, JS3.678 was allotted for experiments and tests, among the testa being those with the John Hays Hammond, Jr., apparatus for the radio control of submarines, 'the purchase ot which was recommended by the board. MaJ. Gen. Hugh U Scott, chief of staff of the army, signed today's report as president of the board. RE OF AMITY Recalled Envoy Declares Ef forts to Embroil Nations Will Be Unsuccessful. SAILS TODAY FOR EUROPE Attache's Statement Thanks Those Not Affected by. Hat reds Caused by War. - NEW YORK. Dec. 22.-necalled at tha request of the American Government. Capt. Frame von Papen. military at tache of the German embassy, before he sailed for Europe today, issued a atatement thanking 'those who did not permit their friendly personal, feelings to be poisoned by the hatred created by war." Captain von Paien declared his con viction that "no efforts however In sistent they may be will accomplish the fervent desire of our enemies to embroil my countr with this great na tion. "My thoughts turn back today," he continued, "especially to the unforget table days which I had the honor and good fortune to spend with the head iuartera of the expeditionary force at Vcia Crux, where 1 learned to admire the splendid soldiery qualities and de votion to iiut of the United .States a i-in and its leader. "l'e"soiill speaking, no greater at- Isfactlon cquld be given me than the fulfillment of my ardent desire to Jt called home, where soldiers are needed far more urgently than here. I leuve inv post nithout any feellnz of bitter- ness because X know so weV. that when I, I. m,.. ,,n I. wrlttrn It uill estuhltsh our ciean record." despite all the rals I representations and calumnies spresd ' broadcast." The cnptnln quoted an editorial din cuasinc his lecall as stating the ca3e .Lalrv .Bav-Bd'' which raOectifd" IntlkKr smalleat degree on their honor sfoffHJ cru Certain .newspapers. lis.lr. WdT i ecweM cuftrge wnicni could- not supported i,y evldenf. but 'the VhlUd atats GoTernment never Intended that ,t ilrMeved these charges to be true." HOUSE TO ADVISE U.S.ABENTSABRDAD President's Representative Will Give Diplomats Details of American Policies. Inabllltv on the part of the American ambassadors and ministers in the vari ous heMgertnt capitals of Europe to understand the geneial policy ot the United States towaid the issues rlied d urine tho war. Is understood on re liable authority to be the real reason for the sending of Col. r. M. House on a secret mission abro'ad. On high authority at tha Btate De- partment It was learned today -that be cause of the difficuties of cable com- ' iitimlftfltlnn between this country nd ii. . ii. ..- the foreign cal.ltals. and part.culaily hecause ot the difficulties of communi cation between the cnterte capitals and thoe ot the central powers, it has been impossible, for example, to acquaint Ambassador Page at London with the negotiations being carried on oy Am bassador Gerard In Berlin, and vice versa. .. , Armed with a thorough outline of the American nollcv to date towards all the belligerents. Colonel House will visit pch caDltal ana confer with the Ameri can d'plomat there. On his return to towards a settlement ot questions i punn pending. irhls. It Is stated. Is the primary object of Colonel House's trip. It has nothing, prlinarllv. to do with any peace moves, and nothing whatever to do with the collection f Information concerning the methods employed by the belligerents Jo carry on the wsr. Thnt Colonel House may obtain val uable Information concerning the time liness OI iresn peace nciDiiauuiu . ir.lttcd. But It la flatly denied that he Is going for this purpose. milkTorgermany balked by britain Great Biitain ltl not allow the ship ment of condensed mil from this corn try to Gerrrany, British embassy of ficials Indicated today, even should the Stute Department make the request. They pointed out that Germany se cured all the milk It needed before the war from Switzerland, Norway and Sweden, and this supply Is stilt available. They declared the German claim that the milk Is needed for starving Infants was made to excite sympathy in this country, and that should shipments be allowed, attempts to smuggle contraband In milk tins would probably follow. WEN OF 0. S. GERMANY AMERICA REFUSES TO QUIBBLE WITH AUSTRIA; REPEATS ITS DEMANDS TEXT OF NEW AMERICAN NOTE TO AUSTRIA The text. of the latest American note to the Austro-Hungarian government, forwarded to Ambassador Penfield at Vienna on Decem ber 19, is as follows': , DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, December 19, 1915. You are instructed to address a note to the Austro Hungarian minister of foreign affairs, textually as follows: The Government of the Unjted States has received the note of your excellency relative to the sinking of the Ancona, which was delivered at Vienna on December 15, 1915, and transmitted to Washington, and has given the note im mediate and careful consideration. . On November 15, 1915, Baron Zwiedenek, the charge dd'affaires of the imperial and royal government at Wash ington, transmitted to the Department of State a report of the Austro-Hungarian admiralty with regard to the sinking of the steamship Ancona, in which it was admitted that the vessel was torpedoed after her engines had been stopped and when passengers were still on board. This admission alone is, in the view of the Government of the United States, sufficient tp fix upon the commander of the submarine which fired the torpedo the responsibility for having wilfully violated the recognized law of nations and entirely disre garded those humane principles which every belligerent should observe m the conduct of war at sea. Jn view of these admitted circumstances the Government of the United States feels justified in holding that the details of the sinking of the Ancona, the weight and character of the additional tes timony corroborating the admiralty's report, and the number of Americans killed or injured are in no way essential mat ters of discussion. The culpability of the commander is in any case established, and the undisputed fapt is that citizens of 'the. United States were killed, injured, or put in jeopardy by his lawjess. act. . ? ,,1 , , Tfce nileVof .Wcrnatioal Uw Hd tin" principle of ,maritfe of tkeVCmarme save been so Ion and. ao tau r vercaUjf'i recognised arid are pbirit faf right and justice that the Government of the United States does not feel called upon to debate them and does not understand that the imperial and royal gov ernment questions or disputes them. The Government of the United States therefore finds no other course open to it but' to hold the imperial and royal government responsible for the act of its naval commander and to renew the definite but respectful demands made in its communication ot the 6th of December, 1915. It sincerely hopes that the foregoing statement of its position will enable the imperial and royal government to perceive the justice of those demands and to comply with them in the same spirit of frankness and with the same concern for the good re lations now existing between the United States and Austria Hungary which prompted the Government of the United States to make them. LANSING. Varna's Reported Fall Presage Slav Drive Through Bulgaria LONDON, Dec. .32. Unoonflrmed re ports that the Kusstans have captured the important Bulgarian seaport of arna aroused the greatest excitement here today. The reports, however, are acoepted with the greatest reserve. Mo mention la made of the bombara ment of Varna In the Ptrograd oCtl olal statement telegraphed here last night. But dispatches from Berne, Borne, and Athens reported that a large Russian squadron waa shelling Venn and Greek report! said the fleet waa accompanied by sixteen heavily laden transports. Infantry' Landed. The dispatch to the Chronicle, re porting the capture or Varna, waa tiled at Athens at noon yesterday, one day later than other press messages reporting the port being shelled. It waa stated that the city was laid tn ruins and the forta silenced. Kusstan Infantry and artillery were man landed. A neutral consul at Varna tele graphed the news to Athens, the Chron Icla correspondent wired. If the Athens reports are true, the Russians have begun the long looked for Invasion of Bulgaria by a flanking attack that may cause the Immediate withdrawal of the Bulgarians from the Greek fronUer. Imperil Communications. Such a maneuver would, cause a radi cal change In the Balkan fighting, im peril the Austro-German communica tions with Constantinople, and, It suc cessful, end the prospects of a German campaign against Egypt. It Is assumed, here that If the Rus sians landed troops at Varna at all. the" force must have been made up of at least 109,00 men. An army t least that lars would bsnedd to with so manifest from the stahii stand Bulgarian attacks until a larger 7orce could be transported across the Ulack Sea from the Odessa region. Dardanelles Forces Sent to Saloniki, Reported to Berlin B&RI1X (via wireless to Sayvllle), Dec. 22 British troops withdrawn from the Dardanelles are being sent to Sa loniki, according to the Athene corre spondent of the Cologne Gazette. "Nearly all the English troops have left the Islartds of Imbros. Tenedos, and Lemnos" (Island bases of operations at the Dardanelles), said the dispatch. "They are being sent to Saloniki. The troops were most discontented. In Im bros thev mutinied. Tt Is reported that Ave or six officers of the general staff were killed. The troops finally left aftr a promise that numerous re-enforce ments would be sent." "The retreat from the Dardanelles, which the British pretend to be a sys tematic withdrawal, waa In reality a head-over-heels flight. said a Con stantinople dispatch today. "The en emy left behind sick and wounded." The Turkish official statement tele graphed from Constantinople today ?onttnued the following additional de alls of the English retirement: "Our booty at Anafarta and Art burnu Includes two heavy cannons, one field cannon and great quantities of ammunition, especially for rifles and machine guns, a great number of mules, ammunition cars, food supplies, telephone wires and mining materials. The enemy'a ahtps, without succevs, shelled their former positions lu order to destroy this booty." Cuba, Plerldn. Savannah, tasmata. 3 all-steel, electric-lighted trains daily Atlantic Coast Une, 14M N- Y ave. nw. -Advt. VIENNA RESPONSIBLE FOR ANCONA SINK KG U. o. CHARGES Jew Note Asserts Law and Hu manity Were Wilfully Violat ed by Attack. LANSING REFUSES 10 DEBATE No Cuorse Open But to Hold Im perial Government Respons ible He Says. LONDON. Dec. 22-Press dispatches from Amsterdam this afternoon declare the American rejoinder to Austria has reached Vienna. The United States directly char.es the Austro-Hungarian government with responsibility for thc act of its submarine commander in sinking the- Italian liner Ancona, with a loss of American lives, in the second Ancona note, which was mAde public today. reparation, ana pumsnment or-tne submarine commander. As repeatedly forecast in The Times, the note flatly refuses to debate the "rules of international law and the principles of human ity." The suggestion of the Austro Hungarian government, made in reply to the first note, that the United States should present fur ther evfdence, also is rejected. The United States rests its case confidently on Austria's own ad missions, made in the report of its admiralty. WILFUL VIOLATION PROVED This admission alone Is held suffici ent by the United State to prov "wil ful violation" or the "recognized law of nations," and "disregard" of "those humane principles which ovary belliger ent should observe." Despite the fact that no Urn limit Is fixed in the nate, Austria will t expected to reply promptly. Two weeks at the utmost dating from last Sunday, when the communication was sent, is regarded' by tha State Department as a reasonable time within which to ex pect a satisfactory answer. In this connection It was learnxi authoritatively at the department to day that but for the uncertainty of cable communication, the second note would have fixed a time limit. It Is stated that whereas, under fayorabl conditions, a note can be communi cated between Vienna and Washing ton in twenty-four hours, at other times It has required two and even three days to get It through. Am bassador Penfield has not yet com municated to the department that th note published today has reached 1 s destination. May Remore Bad I'eelln. Owing to the fact thai the dlrr cables between the United States a-d Germany were cut at the outsot of th war. communications must now be re layed by way of London. Malta, an 1 Berne, Switzerland. Diplomats in Washington whoirml today the second note to Austria com mented on the fact that It omits th lelerence in the first note to the ran that Austria should have been"advfet (Continued on Page Fourteen.) F BERLIN (via wireless to Sgyrille) Dec. 22. French troops hare cap tured the summit of Hartmamu- Lweilerkopf by an assault with strong forces, the war office admitted this afternoon. The battle for the posi tion has been going: on since April. Part of the position, however, h been recaptured by the Germans, it I was stated. CH WIN SIT SOUGHT ICE APR L i. .