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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 22, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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T T-
, r?ss." 3S?7rF,
Ifte lfaghmfmt Winy
Partly Cloudy Tonight ,
(Full Report oh Pane Two.)
KXJMBElt 8750.
Motor King Said to Realize
Hopelessness of Obtaining
(Joncrete Results From His
European mission.
Declared to Be Disappointed at
Lack of Warmth of Recep
tion in NorwayLloyd Nl.
Bingham Dies.
CHRISTIANS, Dec. 22. That
Henry Ford now realizes the hope
lessness of obtaining concrete re
sults from his peace mission, is the
general opinion of men close to
him today.
Ford, it is rumored, plans to
end the peace trip in a perfunctory
manner and as soon as possible.
He is deeply disappointed at thv'
lack of warmth of reception of the
peace delegates in Norway and by
the frank declaration of hostility
on the part of the Danish authori-
These reports resulted from the '
Tact that both
Schwimmer, who
Ford and Mme.
succcsted the '
peace cruise, have ,becn in retire-
ment for seyeratays.Ford is re-'
i ' -... . .. . I
covering .rapidly J&3nv,& 5Pe 9f'
cickness& it is stated, ana win oe
able tt. join thef eace delegates'
when (hey leave for Stockholm to
il lorrcw.
Norwegian students banqueted mem
ber of the Ford party last night, but
it 1b reported that the bill for the en
tertainment was sent to Fprd's head-
qnarters. Louis P. Loihner, Ford s see
retary, notified the students that the;f"- an Inexpensive and healthy food
Detiolt manufacturer will conti.bute.,
JlO.itpO toward uew university bulldliiss. for their bones. 'which are worth little
Miss ath"rllne,,.,1Lch'!;..HL,M lLL'Hy nothing. lll be fattened and dls
Hgent for Ford, 'ssued a atatement ad- ,.oll.d cf for ,,
.Iresaed to the Norwegian press today. ; po',et, rt ror m1- m ,
declaring thnt the opinion of the Amerl- Never Has Tuberculous.
can P
rcss with regard to tne fcora en-
terurise had suddenly turned favorable
Lloyd M.
nincham. husband of Amelia
lllngham, well-Unown
actress, ana a
member of the t'ord peace party, died j
"ImSone of' the TS to accept i gently the strict regulation of horse
Ford's invitation, accompanied the ex-, nieat would not be necessary, as with
pedltlon as an official entertainer, lie cows, sheep, or poultry, except that all
made many frlenJs among the peace ' horse meat should be so labeled. There
delegates, but his Bohemlanlsm offended ) is no medical reason to prevent equine
some of the more Puritanical of the nMn flonl being edible.
oyagera. They succeeded in having ..To ,how thc rea,Ve vaue of ,uoh
'.Snto' CheftT m'l';f.A'tmmrcUa,nrd;f001 Bbroad ' eed " l"c reP"
tnged that he be left behind at Chris-, (Continued on Page Fourteen.)
tlanla. I -
Became 111 Aboard Ship.
Bingham became 111 In the midst ofj
this disapprobation. Me contracted I
plcuro-pneumonla aboard ship and was
removed so a tionpltal the day after the '
Oscar II reached Chrlstianla. Arrange-!
i.iciita nil' iicillft ijinuc lu aii)j ins uuu) I
back to New York.
The drfth of the party's chief enter
tainer thiew a shadow over the rord
nrranftcmcntP. and It Is possible that
meetings Mhed'iled for this afternoon
will be tanccled.
Comprehensive Programs Pre
pared and Fifty Christmas
Trees Purchased.
Fifty-odd thousand school children In
"Washington today are making an earn
est, but often vain, effort to fix their
attention on tht Indisputable fact that
nine times elglr. Is seventy-two. for the
clause will adjourn for the Christmas
holidays tomoirow and In practically all
of tho kindergartens and primary grades
there w 11 be Christmas trees and an
xchange of presents made by the giv
ers, One of the most comprehensive pro
grams will be (lint at the James Or
mond Wilson School, where the little
folks have been jehearslng several ap
propriate playlets and tableaux. The
Hoard of Education several weeks ago
authorised the purchase of nearly titty
Christmas tres for the schools,
Superintendent Ernest I Thurston
and President Henry P. Blair, ef the
Board of Education, tody sent letters
of geeting to all of the tcar.hera and
officers of the public school service.
"X appreciate the faithful, efficient
service you have rendered In our great
work" Mr Thhrston's letter reads, "and
your cordial, friendly response to tha
many special demands It ..-takes on you.
l recognize with special cappiness you
sincere, devotion lo tne oesi concer
mi tht children entrusted to our :i
Mysterious Deaths
TerrifyfWar Plants
HAMMOND, Ind.,Dec. 22.
Violcnt and mysterious deaths
of foremen at the Standard
Steel car plant here had ter-
, rorized workmen today. Thi
plant is making munitions,
for the allies.
Luther M. Butler, foreman in
the steel hammer room, was
crushed to death yesterday
when the ram of a great ham
mer mysteriously fell upon
Frank Holder, another foreman,
was assassinated from ambush
as he stepped from a street
car near his home a week ago.
Authorities are investigating
threats against the lives of
other foremen.
Health Department Aims Blow
at High Cost of Living Imi
tates Paris.
XKW YORK. Dec. 22. Home steak
are In propct In New Tork today.
The board of health reDealed a section
of the coil- prohibiting the slaughter
of horses for food.
Pari eat horse whv shouldn't New
Tork? was the attitude of health officers
In placing Dobbin on the butcher's coun
ter. "Horse meat I without obteotlon ,as
food." aald Health Commissioner Rmer
aon todav. "tt can be made a valuable
and chean addition to tables of thrift'
peifon. and a home eenrally 1 so free
thon cow nojra or heep...
"ew yor, ' ln ftrst c,tv ,n t,ie I'n,te''
for f00d. The new order iu take effect
Jn-y i. ' ,&&., fr
' Cnt f'nlMeta Prniiri. '
.. .. -- r
Qfrtclals of the health department a.-rfd
toaay they are not roluc, to 'encourage
the, consumption of horseflesh, but be
lieve "If" the. New Yorker wantg a colt
cutlet or a Percherbn porterhouse he Is
entitled to It.
Economy Is the aim of the board of
health. The members said thev be
lieved that, by niacin? horseflesh on the
market, they could effect a material qut
in the cost of living and they expect
thnt other cities will fdllow the example
of New York.
The board wished to onen the war
( nlil titmmm InttAiH tf hjilna aII
Th(, ,,..,. .,... haj, ...w,.,.,,,,,. -nii
practically never communicates a nut-
iignant disease to numan beings.' says
Health Cdmmlssloner Emerson. "Conse-
Charity Opportunity No. 8 Clos
ed by Generous Gift From
Single Donor.
Opportunity No X is closed !
The grandmother who is trylnr to
make a real home for t,vo grandchil
dren Is assured a Merry Christmas, and
food and shelter throughout the ea
by one generous donor wio sent S2S0
with the request that it be applied to
"No. R." and any balance be given to
some other opportunity on the list.
An "old soldier" tent In $1 and
thoughtfully enclosed a i-cent stamp
to cover postage on the acknowledge
ment. A "widow's mite" of I) Is a sam
ple of sacrifices tltat are represented
on the list of giveis.
The Associated Charities has distrib
uted through the malls 2,000 coin ca"ds.
These are labeled "Santa Claus, the
Dig Brother or Big Sister Hind. Havs
you ever tried playing it?"
So far the total subscriptions liavu
not reached the 2,000 nark. The total
amount subscribed, Including the S230
(Continued on Tenth Page.)
Lawyers Asked to Get
Deputies 'Out of Trenches'
"Selid your legal papers in early. Help
to gex the deputies out of the trenches
by Cyitlstmas."
Ths Is the Tuletlde suggestion tacked
up An the wall of the section of th
Cltfr Hall devoted to the offices of
Usfited States Marshal Maurice Splain.
i placed where attorneys can see It
nd heed It. as the deputy marshals,
rho serve the vsrloua legal papers for
the court are anxious lo be not em
ployed on Christmas Day.
Quarter Dollar Mark to Be
Reached Within Month, Be
lieves Oil Co. Manager.
War Causes Shortage, But Per
manent Dearth Not Feared,
in View of New Fields.
Gasolene at 25 cents a gallon, whole
sale, before the end of January, with
garages chaiglng from half a cent to
two cents above that figure, Is the
prediction made today by the man
ager of one of the largest oil com
panies doing business In Washington.
The wholesale price went up a cent
In this city yesterJay and in Ntv
York It advanced from 20 to 21 cents.
The price In Washington is now SO1,
cents a gallon, whoesale. or from
tank wagons. Automobile owners are
now paying from 21 to 22 4 cents n
gallon her.
Local experts say that a diminishing
supply and an Increased demand,
largely on account of the war. a.e
the factors causing this unprecedent
ed rise. Theie Is no danger of a per
manent shortage, they assert, for
there are many oil fields that ha.'e.
not' been tapped, but last yeai n I
early this ear the price of crude oil
was no low that there was very little
drilling done, with the result that nl 1
wells are now drying up and thij
are few new ones to take their pla. e.
Fluctuations, In Price.
A tab'e showing thu fluctuation
oil price, wholesale. In .New lorK.
for the last five yeais follows:
t. lOSe
Year. Open. High. l.o
11 :i .'
lit H n
i; it.
IB 1.1 in
2 1 21
. . . . !
.. . In
.... i"
WelNDftllera BuJ. i vrr faitly. This quotation was;
iu.,..! , ,K. r..i,ii nriM .' "Now that the matter Is settled, the
.Normally the Washington prices are Mct gn ,d be ,.,,,,,, thM th
about V cent below tljose of New. oric.iaute Oepartmcut made - n6rehage
though When the price, was cents against Cantaln von Fanen and Cn-
there.iit was a little highe.r.hete. UtitU
Hie present year the. tppprice ror gase 1
li-ne was 17 cents,. reached In 13. iur -
lug .mm j iy " Kunuria wc.
opened In the Oklahoma Melds, and an
improvement was mad In the method
of refining crude oil. so that the price
fell back t cents In the nex t tew ,
Most of the oil used in tl.lx city '
comes frc Fennsyhanla ar.il pnlo
fields, very llltlo coining irom Okla
hoiivi. But the exhiiustlon of the Held
In the latter Stale hae Increased th
demand on Pennsylvania and Ohl
v,es and a higher ntl'-e everywhere Is
i the ronseoueiice
Well-ilrlllcia aie. now r'P"rtet! mny in
nwn.v seetlcns of the coun'rv and tho
outlook Is for client ei' Kaolene several
months hmee. hut In the meantime
Jov-rldlng ill b an rpenhe cica
tlon. T
Carranza Troops Will
Pi rl
Against Rioting When Villa
Reaches Juarez.
nmeral Villa s expected to
Juarez tonlcht. This Information, in "
dispatches to the Wur Department to
dav, apparently disposes of rumors that
Vlila at the last moment, might decide
to continue operations as leader of
guerrilla bands along thc border.
Rioting yesterday at .inarez Is report
ed completely suppressed. Posslbllltv of
demonstrations when Villa reaches
there will be properly guarded against
by Carranr.a troops on theij way.
The War Department reports said
Villa, while still holding to his pro
gram to come Into this country and give ithe United States he will have a com
up alt claim to any political leadership plete resume of what each diplomat has
or nowtfr, has repudiated the truro , accomplished or attempted to accom-
agreement S'gneo n'B loimci sohciiib
a few days ago.
Th State Department today received
connrmatory dispatches of the rioting
at Juarez. They said one American
was killed on the American side of the
border by a bullet from the gun from
air "irresponsible soldier."
The rioting was stated to be due
moio to hunger than to anything else.
Extra $300,000 Asked for Ex
periments Like Those In
Industrial Plants.
The board of ordnance and fortifica
tion of the War Department In its an
nual report to Secretary Garrison today
asked an Increased appropriation of
$300,000 for the next fiscal year to enable
It to carry on experiments with mili
tary Inventions.
"The work carried on by this board la
comparable to that of the experimental
and research laboratories maintained by
all large Industrial plants." the report
says, "and the knowledge gained In ad
vance experimentation Is returned many
fold by the adopUon and use of satisfac
tory Implements and engines of war."
During the year, JS3.678 was allotted
for experiments and tests, among the
testa being those with the John Hays
Hammond, Jr., apparatus for the radio
control of submarines, 'the purchase ot
which was recommended by the board.
MaJ. Gen. Hugh U Scott, chief of staff
of the army, signed today's report as
president of the board.
Recalled Envoy Declares Ef
forts to Embroil Nations Will
Be Unsuccessful.
Attache's Statement Thanks
Those Not Affected by. Hat
reds Caused by War. -
NEW YORK. Dec. 22.-necalled at tha
request of the American Government.
Capt. Frame von Papen. military at
tache of the German embassy, before
he sailed for Europe today, issued a
atatement thanking 'those who did not
permit their friendly personal, feelings
to be poisoned by the hatred created by
Captain von Paien declared his con
viction that "no efforts however In
sistent they may be will accomplish
the fervent desire of our enemies to
embroil my countr with this great na
tion. "My thoughts turn back today," he
continued, "especially to the unforget
table days which I had the honor and
good fortune to spend with the head
iuartera of the expeditionary force at
Vcia Crux, where 1 learned to admire
the splendid soldiery qualities and de
votion to iiut of the United .States
a i-in and its leader.
"l'e"soiill speaking, no greater at-
Isfactlon cquld be given me than the
fulfillment of my ardent desire to Jt
called home, where soldiers are needed
far more urgently than here. I leuve
inv post nithout any feellnz of bitter-
ness because X know so weV. that when
I, I. m,.. ,,n I. wrlttrn It uill estuhltsh
our ciean record." despite all the rals
I representations and calumnies spresd
' broadcast."
The cnptnln quoted an editorial din
cuasinc his lecall as stating the ca3e
.Lalrv .Bav-Bd'' which raOectifd" IntlkKr
smalleat degree on their honor sfoffHJ
cru Certain .newspapers. lis.lr. WdT
i ecweM cuftrge wnicni could- not
supported i,y evldenf. but 'the VhlUd
atats GoTernment never Intended that
,t ilrMeved these charges to be true."
President's Representative Will
Give Diplomats Details of
American Policies.
Inabllltv on the part of the American
ambassadors and ministers in the vari
ous heMgertnt capitals of Europe to
understand the geneial policy ot the
United States towaid the issues rlied
d urine tho war. Is understood on re
liable authority to be the real reason
for the sending of Col. r. M. House on
a secret mission abro'ad.
On high authority at tha Btate De-
partment It was learned today -that be
cause of the difficuties of cable com-
' iitimlftfltlnn
between this country nd
ii. . ii. ..-
the foreign cal.ltals. and part.culaily
hecause ot the difficulties of communi
cation between the cnterte capitals and
thoe ot the central powers, it has been
impossible, for example, to acquaint
Ambassador Page at London with the
negotiations being carried on oy Am
bassador Gerard In Berlin, and vice
versa. .. ,
Armed with a thorough outline of the
American nollcv to date towards all the
belligerents. Colonel House will visit
pch caDltal ana confer with the Ameri
can d'plomat there. On his return to
towards a settlement ot questions
i punn
irhls. It Is stated. Is the primary object
of Colonel House's trip. It has nothing,
prlinarllv. to do with any peace moves,
and nothing whatever to do with the
collection f Information concerning the
methods employed by the belligerents Jo
carry on the wsr.
Thnt Colonel House may obtain val
uable Information concerning the time
liness OI iresn peace nciDiiauuiu .
ir.lttcd. But It la flatly denied that he
Is going for this purpose.
balked by britain
Great Biitain ltl not allow the ship
ment of condensed mil from this corn
try to Gerrrany, British embassy of
ficials Indicated today, even should the
Stute Department make the request.
They pointed out that Germany se
cured all the milk It needed before
the war from Switzerland, Norway
and Sweden, and this supply Is stilt
available. They declared the German
claim that the milk Is needed for
starving Infants was made to excite
sympathy in this country, and that
should shipments be allowed, attempts
to smuggle contraband In milk tins
would probably follow.
OF 0. S.
The text. of the latest American note to the Austro-Hungarian
government, forwarded to Ambassador Penfield at Vienna on Decem
ber 19, is as follows': ,
Washington, December 19, 1915.
You are instructed to address a note to the Austro
Hungarian minister of foreign affairs, textually as follows:
The Government of the Unjted States has received the
note of your excellency relative to the sinking of the Ancona,
which was delivered at Vienna on December 15, 1915, and
transmitted to Washington, and has given the note im
mediate and careful consideration. .
On November 15, 1915, Baron Zwiedenek, the charge
dd'affaires of the imperial and royal government at Wash
ington, transmitted to the Department of State a report of
the Austro-Hungarian admiralty with regard to the sinking
of the steamship Ancona, in which it was admitted that the
vessel was torpedoed after her engines had been stopped
and when passengers were still on board. This admission
alone is, in the view of the Government of the United States,
sufficient tp fix upon the commander of the submarine which
fired the torpedo the responsibility for having wilfully
violated the recognized law of nations and entirely disre
garded those humane principles which every belligerent
should observe m the conduct of war at sea. Jn view of these
admitted circumstances the Government of the United States
feels justified in holding that the details of the sinking of
the Ancona, the weight and character of the additional tes
timony corroborating the admiralty's report, and the number
of Americans killed or injured are in no way essential mat
ters of discussion. The culpability of the commander is in
any case established, and the undisputed fapt is that citizens
of 'the. United States were killed, injured, or put in jeopardy
by his lawjess. act. . ? ,,1 , ,
Tfce nileVof .Wcrnatioal Uw Hd tin" principle of
,maritfe of tkeVCmarme save been so Ion and. ao tau
r vercaUjf'i recognised arid are
pbirit faf right and justice that the Government of the
United States does not feel called upon to debate them
and does not understand that the imperial and royal gov
ernment questions or disputes them.
The Government of the United States therefore finds
no other course open to it but' to hold the imperial and royal
government responsible for the act of its naval commander
and to renew the definite but respectful demands made in its
communication ot the 6th of December, 1915. It sincerely
hopes that the foregoing statement of its position will enable
the imperial and royal government to perceive the justice
of those demands and to comply with them in the same spirit
of frankness and with the same concern for the good re
lations now existing between the United States and Austria
Hungary which prompted the Government of the United
States to make them.
Varna's Reported Fall
Presage Slav Drive
Through Bulgaria
LONDON, Dec. .32. Unoonflrmed re
ports that the Kusstans have captured
the important Bulgarian seaport of
arna aroused the greatest excitement
here today. The reports, however, are
acoepted with the greatest reserve.
Mo mention la made of the bombara
ment of Varna In the Ptrograd oCtl
olal statement telegraphed here last
night. But dispatches from Berne,
Borne, and Athens reported that a large
Russian squadron waa shelling Venn
and Greek report! said the fleet waa
accompanied by sixteen heavily laden
Infantry' Landed.
The dispatch to the Chronicle, re
porting the capture or Varna, waa
tiled at Athens at noon yesterday, one
day later than other press messages
reporting the port being shelled. It
waa stated that the city was laid tn
ruins and the forta silenced. Kusstan
Infantry and artillery were man
A neutral consul at Varna tele
graphed the news to Athens, the Chron
Icla correspondent wired.
If the Athens reports are true, the
Russians have begun the long looked
for Invasion of Bulgaria by a flanking
attack that may cause the Immediate
withdrawal of the Bulgarians from the
Greek fronUer.
Imperil Communications.
Such a maneuver would, cause a radi
cal change In the Balkan fighting, im
peril the Austro-German communica
tions with Constantinople, and, It suc
cessful, end the prospects of a German
campaign against Egypt.
It Is assumed, here that If the Rus
sians landed troops at Varna at all.
the" force must have been made up of
at least 109,00 men. An army
t least
that lars would bsnedd
to with
so manifest from the stahii
stand Bulgarian attacks until a larger
7orce could be transported across the
Ulack Sea from the Odessa region.
Dardanelles Forces
Sent to Saloniki,
Reported to Berlin
B&RI1X (via wireless to Sayvllle),
Dec. 22 British troops withdrawn from
the Dardanelles are being sent to Sa
loniki, according to the Athene corre
spondent of the Cologne Gazette.
"Nearly all the English troops have
left the Islartds of Imbros. Tenedos,
and Lemnos" (Island bases of operations
at the Dardanelles), said the dispatch.
"They are being sent to Saloniki. The
troops were most discontented. In Im
bros thev mutinied. Tt Is reported that
Ave or six officers of the general staff
were killed. The troops finally left aftr
a promise that numerous re-enforce
ments would be sent."
"The retreat from the Dardanelles,
which the British pretend to be a sys
tematic withdrawal, waa In reality a
head-over-heels flight. said a Con
stantinople dispatch today. "The en
emy left behind sick and wounded."
The Turkish official statement tele
graphed from Constantinople today
?onttnued the following additional de
alls of the English retirement:
"Our booty at Anafarta and Art
burnu Includes two heavy cannons,
one field cannon and great quantities
of ammunition, especially for rifles
and machine guns, a great number of
mules, ammunition cars, food supplies,
telephone wires and mining materials.
The enemy'a ahtps, without succevs,
shelled their former positions lu order
to destroy this booty."
Cuba, Plerldn. Savannah, tasmata.
3 all-steel, electric-lighted trains daily
Atlantic Coast Une, 14M N- Y ave. nw.
Jew Note Asserts Law and Hu
manity Were Wilfully Violat
ed by Attack.
No Cuorse Open But to Hold Im
perial Government Respons
ible He Says.
LONDON. Dec. 22-Press
dispatches from Amsterdam this
afternoon declare the American
rejoinder to Austria has reached
The United States directly
char.es the Austro-Hungarian
government with responsibility for
thc act of its submarine commander
in sinking the- Italian liner Ancona,
with a loss of American lives, in
the second Ancona note, which was
mAde public today.
reparation, ana pumsnment or-tne
submarine commander.
As repeatedly forecast in The
Times, the note flatly refuses to
debate the "rules of international
law and the principles of human
ity." The suggestion of the Austro
Hungarian government, made in
reply to the first note, that the
United States should present fur
ther evfdence, also is rejected.
The United States rests its case
confidently on Austria's own ad
missions, made in the report of its
This admission alone Is held suffici
ent by the United State to prov "wil
ful violation" or the "recognized law
of nations," and "disregard" of "those
humane principles which ovary belliger
ent should observe."
Despite the fact that no Urn limit
Is fixed in the nate, Austria will t
expected to reply promptly. Two weeks
at the utmost dating from last Sunday,
when the communication was sent, is
regarded' by tha State Department as
a reasonable time within which to ex
pect a satisfactory answer.
In this connection It was learnxi
authoritatively at the department to
day that but for the uncertainty of
cable communication, the second note
would have fixed a time limit. It Is
stated that whereas, under fayorabl
conditions, a note can be communi
cated between Vienna and Washing
ton in twenty-four hours, at other
times It has required two and even
three days to get It through. Am
bassador Penfield has not yet com
municated to the department that th
note published today has reached 1 s
May Remore Bad I'eelln.
Owing to the fact thai the dlrr
cables between the United States a-d
Germany were cut at the outsot of th
war. communications must now be re
layed by way of London. Malta, an 1
Berne, Switzerland.
Diplomats in Washington whoirml
today the second note to Austria com
mented on the fact that It omits th
lelerence in the first note to the ran
that Austria should have been"advfet
(Continued on Page Fourteen.)
BERLIN (via wireless to Sgyrille)
Dec. 22. French troops hare cap
tured the summit of Hartmamu-
Lweilerkopf by an assault with strong
forces, the war office admitted this
afternoon. The battle for the posi
tion has been going: on since April.
Part of the position, however, h
been recaptured by the Germans, it
I was stated.
i. .

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