THE WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY, DECEMBER 25. 1915.
PUBLISHED BVJBnV .KVENINO ,
y ino vvasiunffndiuncjiAJHiiinjr
THE UUNSBT BUILDING, Panna. avs.
FRANK A. MUNSEY, President
R. ft. TITHERINGTON. Secretary.
C. H. POPE, Treasurer.
On Year (Including Sundays). 3,60.
Fix Months, ll.TR. Thref Months. Me.
SATURDAY, .DECEMBER 26, 1P15.
CHRISTMAS THOUGHTS FOR
Is is w needful to remind Amen-'
certs of the blessings of peace and
prosperity which, as a nation, are
theirs in impressive and contrasting
nounaanco wis nnstmasuae. .-
rn a ?jf .7 uTB
the world's travail has taught them
the measure of their own good for-
tune. Perhaps they do not so fully
realize as they ought; but they real-
tee. Not to have seen and felt and
lived' some of the experience that
racks tho old world, is to bo in-
capablo of fully understanding.
Perhaps this nation owes some
thing more, by way of recognising
its own peculiar station in the world,
1 OlVlalivPA VJ Lim U i ll 1 1 W tttQ v vw ui
an abnormality. Many other per
. -u- u vu, , B0B Uk0 hinjf havo como out of
WUuw w, wc v,B kiu
people might well search its bou
una inquire wneuier iv is uoing uii
it should to deserve tho blessings
that havo been bestowed on it. We
are happy in being at peace; but
that docs not meet our obligation to
perform our part by woy of restor-
lng honorable peace to the rest oi
tho world. We rejoice that we arc
. , . , . , . -
strong enough to be free and to
maintain our freedom; but do wei
not owe to others the duty to make '
freedom a world-condition ? Shall '
we be certain that our islet of free-
dom in a world enslaved will always
be secure? Shall we wait, for our
contribution to freedom's cause, un
til perhaps it shall be too late?
These things demand our thought
this day. 'They have been pressing
themselves upon us for months; we
are beginning morg definitely to for-'
mulate an adequate conception of I
them. A high resolve that our part I
shall not be left undone, that free-1
dom shall not be sacrificed because '
we failed to do that part, would be '.
worthy of this season and of this
H nation's ideals.
FORD HOMEWARD BOUND
Let those who are moved to con
demn the shepherd of the jitney pil
grims for abandoning his flock in
stranco lands, stealinc nwnv frnm
them in secrecy and beating it for,c,ety
home, reflect that this is perhaps the J Would there be any further un
only horse sense that has been shown ' certainty about the outcome ?
by anybody of the whole outfit from
the yery beginning until now.
Ford's colossal mistake, due no
fAlltkf Vile iramr iaaama a-T 4-U
world, for he is a simple soul of the
narrowest experience outside his
manufacturing plant of brief career,
was that it did not occur to him
that for such a mission he could
never hope to get people that would
make for his ship anything but a
For himself it was pathetically
foolish, for his country humiliatingly
unfortunate, that he ever should
have shipped such a motley crew to
bring discredit upon the American
name. But ho did that very thing,
and the only thing to do in mitiga
tion of it he has now done. For at
least when Ford came to realize
what a collection he had on his
hands, and what a situation they
'faced on the other side of the At
lantic, where amid the grim realities
of the war such antics are insuffer
able, he cut it all out in probably the
only way he could.
Judged in that light, it may well
be that Henry Ford will look better
a thousand times to all the Ameri
can people in his coming back, even
in the manner he comes, than ever
he looked to anybody in hiB going
away on such an errand as excited
the shame of his country and the
jeers of the world.
SENSE ABOUT THE INSANE
Dr. William A. White, in his an
nual report as head of tho Govern
ment Hospital for the Insane, makes
two recommendations entirely in
keeping with the advance in meth
ods of caring for tho mentally sick
He would have the practice of try
ing by jury persons to be admitted
to the hospital abolished, and he
would have the name changed to the
The first reform has been advo
cated by The Times on several occa
sions. It is a relic of barbarism that
a mentally afflicted person should be
subjected to the ignominy and the
nervous strain of a "jtrial," We
build hospitals of all sorts to care
for the physically afflicted. Emer
gency and Casualty Hospitals yawn
for the person who breaks an arm.
But tho only refuge in Washington
for those who suffer a more delicate
form of injury, and one requiring
more expert care, is equipped with
every barrier, because of archaic
laws, to keep out those it is intended
Every now and then examples of
&g futiUty of this arrangement
had been working at high pressure,
needed tho treatment of alienists,
land, after a short stay at tho Gov
ernment institution, it was found tho
law no longer could be stretched in
his case, and, if ho is to have the
necessary treatment, he must under
go this nerve racking process of
trial i?y jury for being mentally ill!
The second chango advocated by
Dr. While is prompted by the samo
humanitarian motives. Persons re
ceiving communications from rela
tives in the hospital, many of whom
will later regain their normal fncul-
,t,K --- n, ,, --.
thoso ,n ingano ho8pital
Tho word .-ho8pital., 0JCprcsse8 aU
that ln8titution flt&nds for and
flhould be givJ thftt frcedom for.
exercising its functions that is
ted to an oth(jr h ita.
x Recently .. Boclet WB organized
, Wa8hington for bettermcnt 0f
ft ,,,. n tho who needed
mnM t, Clifford Beers,
now famous as the author of "The
Mind That Found Itself," vas
brought here and told tho vivid story
of the medieval treatment ho re
ceived from an institution where a
sickness of the brain was treated as
theg0 institutions cured and ready to
toke their places oa UBeful citienB.
JAPAN, AMERICA, AND
Japan is qnly a nominal belliger
ent in the war. as matters now stand.
she has done her part for the thne
, . . , . , ,,, , ,
being, in her own part of the. world,
Thc United States is tho worlds
Japan and the United States have
received great and peculiar affront
ln tke sinkln- of the Yasaka Maru,
T , . . ... . . . ,.,
UaHIICOV. OIUJ vvs aatiivtivMit -.
America's patience has been well-
nigh exhausted by repetitions of
guch outrages. Japan's is now to be
-. " , Ti-Sfo jf na nnA
-"K., ?? " " S" I S '
"tt,a" D"W-1U - " i"" v ,
to talk. and determine upon action
to end the reign of savagery on land
Suppose they should jointly, or at
least simultaneously, take their
places, with all the naval, military,!
moral, and economic resources at
their command, among the forces
that are trying to save human so-
Would there be room to doubt that
the future would .be safeguarded
against a repetition of the present
assault of barbarism on
The coincidence of the Ancona and
the Yasaka Maru forcibly suggests
the possibilities of such an alliance
in the common cause of humanity,
now sadly needing the support of
every power that can be brought to
JAPAN AND THE SUBMARINES
Tokyo is a quick-tempered and
temperamental capital, backed by a
people that has both spirit and self
respect. There is likely to be some
thing doing when Tokyo realizes
exactly what happened in the case
of the submarine sinking of the
Yasaka, Maru. Her mercantile ma
rine is deqr to Japan's heart; her
national honor is quite as sensitive
as that of any nation capable of
perpetrating the Belgian outrage,
the Lusitania murder, or the An
It is inconceivable how either Ber-
ilin or Vienna, just when the war is
being projected into the eastern
world and the legitimate sphere of
Japan's especial concern, could have
permitted the attack on the Jap
anese steamship. Something akin to
madness must have taken possession
of the authorities, if they imagine
that they can toy with Japan as they
have done with the United States.
Our Japanese friends have an un
comfortable way of meeting this sort
of trouble half-way; of putting their
last diplomatic word on the wires
and then giving sailing orders to the
fleet. without waiting to see whether
, the other party is going to "have his
, feelings hurt.
Japan has been constrained from
the beginning to keep out of the Eu
ropean .field of war. But she found
ample justification for taking the
Kiao-chou territory from Germany,
and occupying the Marshall Islands,
These were Asiatic and Pacific af
fairs, with which Japan correstly as
sumed that she had a real concern.
So likewise would Japan be war
ranted in insisting that when Ger
many presses the war into western
Asia and menaces the Suez canal,
Japan's vital interest is involved,
That conviction mutft be enforced by
such an. event asthe sinkingof the
Yasaka Maru. If Japanese shipping
is unsafe from b'arbarous assault in
the Mediterranean under present
conditions, what chance is there that
it would be respected in tho Indian
and Pacific oceans, if Germany were
in possession of Egypt and the Suoz?
This is tho sort of inquiry Tokyo is
making, and making most soarch-
ingly, tteso days.
Japanese military power has from
the beginning been looked upon as
tho last lino of reserves of tho al
lies; a lino, too, that would certainly
be sent to tho front, wherever that
front might bo,'beforo it should bo
too late to insure victory. To carry
the war to Japan's back door is tho
very move that invites such inter
Tho YaBaka Mam may jsasily
prove the turning pbjnti fn tho war.
Tho Lusitanta might' have dono it
if tho United States had been a.
GREAT BRITAIN'S TREASURE
GOING INTO THE WAR
Great' Britain is going to raise
cash to fight out this war as no
other nation ever raised it or could
raise it. This purpose to throw into
the war all the financial power that
may bo needed is made evident' by
tho manifesto of tho British states
men and financiers. They have boon
gathering up from privato investors
great quantities of American securi
ties to be used in thiB country for
tho purchase of war supplies. And
now they call upon the British peo-
rjle 'to cut down their consumnUnn
of commodities, not only luxuries ;
but necessaries, in j every way they
This is a matter of tremendous
importance in increasing British
war-purchasing power abroad. For
not only will there be less to pay for
such things bought abroad, but all
the articles that are produced in the
empire but not consumed there will
be exported. As a purchasing
power abroad they will do everything
that gold can do; they will do every
thing that securities used in foreign
markets can do; they will do a great
deal more than both of them put to
gether can do.
Nothing could better illustrate
how the British people are in tho j
war to fight it out to a finish than '
this planning far ahead the mobili-
--tion of all their resources for that i
M th!s Program placing at ;
th(J dlBposal of the government not
only the enormous accumulated
wealth of Great Britain, but a great
er and greater proportion of tho
products of the empire to exchange
On that basis, with every ocean
highway free to the merchant fleets
of the allies, and therefore with tho
neutral markets of the world open
to both their buying nnd their sell
ing, there is.no measuring the re
sources which the British people can
thus pall upon to throw into the war.
It is a conseryative statement to say
that this incomparable mobilization!
of treasure the treasure accumu
lated in the past, the treasure pro
ducing in the present and the treas
ure to be created in the future, can
go on as long as the war can go on.
To the United States this policy of
vast mobilization is hardly of less
moment than to Great Britain and
her allies. It is in our financial
market that the British are going to
sell the securities which they are
now gathering in heaps. It is in our
commercial market that they are
going to sell articles of consumption
which they themselves are not to
eat up and wear out.
Where we have seen our imports
of merchandise rising by the thou
sands of dollars a day we may see
them rising by tens of thousands.
Where we have been buying back our
securities by the millions a week
they may be offered to us by the
tens of millions.
But this couritry is prepared for
just that thing. We shall be buying
back our securities with our surplus
supplies of wheat, corn, cotton, steel,
and many other commodities. We
shall be exchanging our munitions,
which give labor to our wage
earners, into commodities which all
the American people can use.
When Greek meets
password is an earful, i
Not strange to hear that the
Turks aro revolting. Most of 'em
Mr. Ford can end the European
ballyhoo by building trendies'" too
small to get into.
What appears at the first glance
to be an innocent knothole in a party
plank generally turns out later to be
a loophole. .
Gratifying to hear of Pancho Villa
being referred to as a renegade and
outlaw. Knew that boy would win
promotion at last.
Even when it comes to passing
the final word to Austria, no doubt
'we can manage to stutter on it for.
a few months or so. ,
What's become of the old-fashioned
daguevTeotyper who used to
wait for the President to come to
The plot to smuggle 3,000 pounds
of crude ribber from this country
wouldn't have impaired bur natural
resources. Not while the sweet
things insist on wearing ankle
(Frdm The Times Readers)
CommunlcaUona to th Mall Bag must
bt wrltttn on on aid of th rPr
only) mut not xced loo word in
length. and muit b slgnad With turn
and address of sender. Th publication
ot latter in Th Tim' Mall naff dot
not mean th lndormr.t or Th Tim
of th opinion ot the writer, Th Mall
Bag it n opn forum, where th oltl
sens of Washington can argua wwt
Wants Traffic Men to Have Sun--day
To th Bdllor of TlIB TIMES:
X was vary glad to seo a letter frdm
some bno who was Interested In tho
welfare of tho police officers and flro-
Juet think of bow faithfully tho traf-
flo men jeopardise their lives dally
aerying tno People.
It has been my thought for soma time
to write to The Times and get this Idea
bofore tho people. "Sunday off for
rest and worship for these men." Should
they work seven days at their post
without one day of rest, as other men
On Sundays there is llttte traffic.
I hope every one who roads this will ex
press his thoughts through Tho Times.
Put yourself In the place of these
men and Imagine how trying their
... """ uo iney roust suuer ter
Washington. Dec. -23.
Eggs and Tuberculosis.
To tha Editor ot THE TIMES:
In The Times recently mention Is
mtulo of "KjrjrB from workhouse farm
for Tuberculosis Hospital," Of all arti
cle of food for a tuberculous patient
to produco disastrous results egjw hood
In tho lait stasfl of th (tlnease nature
revolts, cuts off the artnctlto In order
ouun amciofl 0r rood, it is not wnat a
man eat that nourishes, but what he
uirosis arta assimilates.
If not dlirested it decomposes, end
forms poisonous compounds. When the
pctlto Roes tho avnracn medical at
tendant gives a so-called tonlo or amic
tlzer. In order to force moro of the
death-dealing to-lns In the Wood. When
will -the profession awako to natural
irifthodo and stop this destruction of
life? OEOP.On ROBERTS.
ashlruUon. December 23.
The Beauty of Christmas.
Christmas Is the greatest day of the
year. What tender, beautiful, and
mighty thought It should arouse. How
dear to the simple, pure mind of llttte
children. And how great when we of
old ago contemplate it. in memory of
tho wonderful Child of the Manger.
What heart Is not tender, what eyo is
not tearful, what voice Is not soft at
Buffering juVth The COfulMs1Sf hu
wonderful life of love, and the truth and
wSh Viient transport. ovcrwne,OT u"
To everyone, however poor and
$Fg5P hM me"a" of chcer
He Is life's aunreme ancrlflce. ahnw
ing llfo's.hlgheat happiness and attain-
Let us. therefore. In thn nolav Inv nf
Christmas rive some thought to tho real
beauty of tho day. and with thc heart
and loying fnlth of little children, realize
the birthday of our I-ord.
CHAH. BENEDICT CALVERT.
Lover Refused to Call,
So Girl Hangs Self
REVERLY. Maes.. Pec. 25.-rorothy
Larcom, twenty years old. rt student at
tho Beverly High School, hansrd her
self In tho barn at hei homo he(ai.so
hor sweethenrt vi rote her that ho would
not visit her on Christmas Day.
Tho girl was fount! lying on tho floor
of the barn by her brother' Joseph, still
nllvc Tho rope ehe had thrown over a
beam hod broken.
According to tht. girl's friends she re
colvod n letter Irom her sweetbeart lu
"I cannot be with you Christmas."
The girl had gono aBout tho Christ
mas preparations In her homo gayly.
but after the litter tame shp went to
her room. This morning she seemed
downcast. She would not tell my one
tho young mun's rt-Msonji why ho would
not spend Christmas' with her.
Pages and Officials
Senate paces and officials were re
membered yestarday with Christmas
gifts by Senator Oliver of Pennsylvania
and Senator Martlue of New Jersey,
The pages, who were given a feast of
turkey, cranberry sauce. oynton. and
mince pie by Vice President Marshall
yesterday, each received a crisp new
dollar bill from Senator Oliver.
Senator Martlne sent fruit and other
presents to all the officials and pages.
The cnler. pages. J. E. O Tools and E.
A. Halsey, received gifts from the
Heads of Departments
Send Season's Greetings
-Members of the police and fire de
partments rocelved today from Com
missioner Brownlow, who has super
vision of these departments, the follow
ing Christmas greetings:
"In sending you my greetings, I hope
that each of you wilt have a merry
Christmas and that tho new year will
be for you one of greater opportunity,
greater usefulness, and greater happi
ness." Major Raymond W. Pullman, superin
tendent of the police department, sent
the following greeting to his men:
"Hearty Christmas prcotlngs and all
good wishes or your health and happi
ness ln tho coming year. May 1916 be
tilled with days of right thinking, right
actions, better work, and may strength,
.calmness, and cheerfulness always be
IN CAPITAL TODAY
Opn houie. T. W. C, A., S to t p. m
Chrlstmai dinner, for Inmates of the Wom
en's Christian Aiioclatlon, 1719 Thirteenth
street nortnweat, i p. m.
Meeting, Ashlar Club. Pythian Temple, T:30
Service. Mount Vernon Place MettDdlit
Church, T a. m.
Dinner to poor and neffly, Central Union
Mtulon, 2 p. m. -
Masonic Christmas observance In all com-
manderlee of Knlichta Templar,
Odd Paltowa Drill and social. Patriarch!
Ucla'sco "Tha Cinderella Man." $:20 p. m.
Poll's ''Mam'velle," 1:15 and 8:15 p. m.
Keith's Vaudeville. 2:15 and 3:15 p. m.
Casino War pictures, "Tha Battles ot a Na
tion." l p. m. to 11 p. in., continuous.
Gayety Burlesque, 2:15 and 8:16 p, m.
Lecture. "Christian Science," Poll's' Theater,
2 p. m.
Special Christmas Services and address by
line. Mountford. Terminal T, M. C. A
WHAT'S ON PROGRAM
Government at Work
To Determine Cause
Of Rise in Gaso lene
Natural Business and Competitive Conditions Expect
ed to Be Found Largely Resppnsible Country
Is Getting Competition, at Least in Spots.
(Continued from First Page.)'
without some elucidations waa not very
conclusive. Elucidation followed Soma
How Competition Works.
"I don't pretend to give this as of
ficial! certainly not as a result of any
inquiry that the Government has been
making," ho said. "But It Is easy
enough to understand that lust such In
equalities aro likely to como from uni
versal competition: moreover, there U no
apparent Impropriety about them, aa
there was before tho dissolution of the
big corporation. Lot me explain not
claiming that I sm answering your
questions correctly how It might hap
pen. "The producing capacity of the inde
pendent refiners In tho country is about
66,000,000 gallons, as against 85,000,000 for
the various concerns that wero formerly
In the Standard and ore now referred to
as the Standard group. There was
competition for territory before tho
Standard was dissolved, but the Stand
ard was handicapped In price-cutting,
because It was dangerous business to
make widely different prices In differ
ent territories, that could not bo Jus
tified on the ground of transportation
and other costs varying.
"But when the Standard) was dis
solved Jnto more than seventy compa
nies and they wero told to go out and
compete, their situation was different.
There Is a big territory out In the mid
dle West, where competition had long
been fierce. The Independents were
strong there, and fought hard for the
business. In one community or section
the Independents would get Into domi
nation of the situation; in another, per
haps not so very far away, by reason
of transportation conditions and other
elements, the Standard Interests would
come to control.
A Case Supposed.
"When a particular interest comes to
dominate In such a buslncnx, ln a partic
ular city. It Is not easy for competition
to hreak In. I hav ln mlnJ a city which
looks like h natural field for competition
of two rival oil Interests, ar.d vet In
which one of them la so strongly in
trenched by reason of owning storngo
property, distribution facilities, etc..
that the other has never attempted a
light; It would necessitate a htiw ex
penditure In tanks. complKncn with fire
and othr sufety regulations and the
like: while the Intrenched Interest would
havo all the advantage of long-estab-Jlshed
relations with the trade
"Now. supposo a case. Here are two
Itles about 1W miles apart. One hao
lpnc been a stronghold of the Inde
pendents: ithe other of thc Standard
forces. Before the dlcuolutloii. tho
Arizona Governor Defies the
People and Supreme Court Is
PHOENIX. Aris.. Dec. 25.-The last
legal execution In Ariiona was that of
Alejandro Qallegp, at the Florence peni
tentiary, July ZS, 1911. The following
year, with tho advent of statehood,
when Governor Hunt took office, he was
quoted as saying that there would be
no hangings during the period of his
administration. Thus far he has kept
to his word. About a score of red
handed murderers, most of them alien
Mexicans, since then have been sen
tenced to the death penalty, yet not one
Af ihnm him cone to the Kallows.
Claiming that "tho people" would sus
tain his opposition to capital punish
ment, the governor secured a referen
dum of the question. Not only was he
turned down, but the voters sustained a
legislative act that took from him the
powers of paruon and parole, an act
that later by the courts was decided le
gal. Even these, blows, however, left
the governor nghtlng, backed by his
own political coterie and by tho senti
ment OOtn at nome ana aoroaa.
Defies People's Will.
Whatever his backing, the governor
still Is defying tho will of the people and
the verdicts of tho courts, with resort
to every shifty pretext; legal and other
wise, to at least delay tho time of the
It has been told already how Hunt's
prison warden avoided the execution of
murderer Faltln by simply pronouncing
him Insane on the morning of the exe
cution day. Taltln. In the Phoenix dis
trict court, has been resentenced to
hang January 17. Warden Slmms waa
haled before the supreme. oovirt of the
ut.tn nnd IntftrroiTated on a citation for
contempt. The governor has stated that.
Blmms action was noi oicwim um
the executive chambers, but there can
be no doubt that the warden's Job de
pended upon his doing Just what he did.
White tho supreme Justices still aro
considering tho matter, posally Involv
ing the governor, there oan be no doubt
concerning 'the temper of tho court.
...v,ii. .nHillv inaulred into the good
faith of the warden ln suddenly calling
in a physician of his own choosing at
the last moment to declare the pris-1-
im.m r;hlef Justice Iloss stated
his opinion that it should havo been thc
duty of the prison physician to pass
uuon Faltin's sanity as soon as the man
was delivered at the penitentiary. There
was no law for the warden to construe
and his duty was clear.
Warden Might Have Ruled.
Instead of the declaration of insanity,
the warden might havo decided that
Faltln had not had a fair trial or that
some one else had done tho murder f.v
which he was convicted. Justice Frank
lin Bald: "Faltln has ben in prison
nearly two years, and It is very pecu-
Uar tnat ne nu uocu iuuhu iu
the day set for his execution. And the
crime for which he was sentenced to
r " .. nf iha mnat prunl nndl
cold blooded murders in the history of
The next hanginr should bo that of
NO DEATH PENALTY
Plnndard could notsafolv mke accent ry mcaooo ana any numoer ot com
nrire In ono town, whom In controlled. I mltteos and factions In Congress nvo
but go over to the other anJ cutto 17 designs on It. It may appear strong
cents for competitive roaioin. Thero
would havo been a prompt protest, nnd
another outrage against free business
would have been announced.
"Out as soon ns thcro were sovcniy
concerns where one had beeru thn tr.ck
wat easy. One company could bo desig
nated to carry on tno prte ciuim.
furhttno And of the bttslnrsi: another to
attend to the trado whpro thrro wus no
need for such methods. The company
intrusted witn me easy-money wiiii ui
the game would go on stioplylng oil to
tho cltv where there was no need to
nght. and charging, good, proftablo
nrlcos. Tho othT would ho assigned
to enter the othor town, equip Itself for
a fight.' and then proceed to cut prices
and drivo out thp established concerns.
Inquiry May Bring Light.
"All this, mind you, would be
strictly correct, so far as tho com
petition Is concerned, under the Su
premo Court decision and the Stand
ard Oil decree. And consider what an
advantage tho Standard Oil group
would have, In such a warfare, Jf a
single, central, controlling mind apjl
purpose wero directing all theso
m"Bum"nw8as nsked, "Is It to bo un
derstood that BUch a condition exists
as to tho oil business as It stanua
today? Is there, in fact, such a cen
tral control of the general pollclea
and methods of tho companies in tho
"That.Y was tho reply, "I cannot
answer. I don't know. It may be pre
sumed that a sweeping" Inquiry, such
as now going on, may bring some
Illumination of that question."
So far as can bo learned Trom tno
various Government departments en
gaged In the Investigation, the wort
has not progresxed far enough to Jun
tlfy effort at answering general ques-
iinnn it m exmaincu mai uiu iioii-
gatlon has been distributed amotiR
various Government agencies, ino in
terstate Oommorco uommission m
making the examination Into facts
concerning transportation condltloiib
In the mid-continent Held, while tue
Federal trade commission Is carry
ing on, for tho larger part, that samo
examination In tho eastorn part of
May Be Responsible.
U hn been found that transportation I
rates bv water enter largely Into tne
.. . . ... -- !
problem, because great amounts of pe
troleum are being shipped long dls
tances by water to get it to refineries;
some of it even from the Pacific to the
It is pretty clearly In thc minds of
man whn It Tin IV KOmpthllllT abOUt tllO
developments of the Inquiry, that
natural business and competitive con-,
rtitlona arc goniK to oo iounu mrei.-ij' , .. . .. .'collection nt the
responsible for the present posture of cre- nl8 ls tnf collection at me
the business. Tho policy laid down In sotirco' feature. Theio waa an imme
the Sherman act, nd ordered to be on- dlate wall when the tix first too): effect,
forced under the Standard OH docrco. and several taxpaery took their cases
la one. of competition; and competition hUo co,lrt tiicsp hae sifted down to
the country Is
Setting, at least In
Ramon Vlllalobos, whose sentence Is
comparatively recent, at Florence ln Oc
tober, last yar, for participation tho
previous August In tho nurder, near
Jtay, of Deputy Sheriff Phln Brown.
Earl Miller, Frank Bacon and, a young
Frenchman. Following four Mexicans
who had stolen a horse, the deputy and
Frenchman were ambushed by tho quar
tet. Miller and Bacon Uien being slaugh
tered more In sport than for the small
possessions around their camp. Ono of
the murderers was klllod In the hills at
Superior and Vlllalobos was caught. But
there ls little prospect that the prisoner
will be hanged, for a number of
evasions still remain untried by the
State executive department.
Statuette Was Found Near
Gulf of Mexico and Dates
Back to 100 B.C.
A small stone statue, not quite sever.
Inches high and with a diameter of
less than four inches at the base, has
just been IdentleBd by scientists of
the Smithsonian as tho oldest known
dated antiquity in America. Ancient
Mayan glyphlc Inscriptions show it
was made about 100 B. C.
The statuette has been In the Smith
sonian Institution since 1903. having
been plowed up In the district of
San Andres Tuxtla, near the Gulf of
Mexico, by a peon. In general outline
it appears to be tho Image of a prleut
ln a cassock. I,ater It was noticed
that Instead of a cassock the figure
was clothed ln foathers like a bl'd,
outlines of a bird's legs and feit
showing al the bottom. This led to
investigations and the translation of
the heiroglyphlcs In its surface.
What Is known as the "Introducing
glyph" of the Initial series on the
image has been shown by Sylvanus .!
Morley, of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington, to Indicate a length of
time in the. Maya calendar equal to
8 cyoles 6 katuns. '2 tuns, 4 ulnaU
and 17 klntfc which compared to our
calender goes back to about 100 B. .,
the oldest definite recorded date
known to students of anthropology ln
connection with tho New World.
The people responsible for this little
Image', known to anthropologists an
the Mayas, are now resident prlnl
pally In Yucatan, Chiapas, Tabasco,
and In adjoining Central American
republics, but one small group, th
Huasteca, Is found In northern 'Vera
Got. Liquor From Trotline.
HUNTINGTON, w. Vs., Ilec. M. Ed
ward Pino was fined 1100 and costs for
violation of the Yost prohibition law in
criminal court. '
Pine was accused of placing pints of
whisky on a trotline In the Ohio ilvpr.
He thon rented a boat to hla customers
for a dollar, and they would row out to
the trotlino nnd get tho whisky. Pine
rented his boat to Joe Dalby, who gavo
hlni a marked dollar furnished bv tne
rtnllnA Tinmv flrtiron
DaiDy secured a pint of liquor
from the troiline. Pine Is Bald to havo
hnrt lv nthpr trotllnes nt the Annie
; trotline. pine is sulci to havo
other trotllnes at the samo
By Pine's method the boat cost a dol
lar and pint of whisky nothing.
ANTIQUITY IN U
HARD WINTER AHEAD
FOR INCOME TAX LAW
Fate of Act and Amendments
Planned Rests Largely on
Supreme Court Decision.
The Incomo tax law Is In for a long,
hard wlntor. The President, tho Su
preme Court, Secretary of tho Troas-
and well In the spring. It may be crip
pled and it may bo dead.
Tho fate of the law and of the mat.y
amendments which aro being planned,
rests largely upon tho Supremo Court'
decision in flvo Case4 pending. If tho
law comes through that ordeal whole.
It must still pass -Into tho hands of
President Wilson wants tho exemp
tions of thc tax lowered, and the sur
tax started at a lower figure and In
creased moro rapidly than at present
Secretary McAdoo wants the rates
of taxation on both Individual ari
corporate Inccmiea Increased, the .
ompttons reduced from $3,000 to $1,000
for single persons and from $4,000 to
3,0iO for married, and the surtax
started at $10,000 or $15,000 Instead
Would Amend Law.
Many Aftnlnlstratlon men in Con
gress will seek to amend the law In
conformity with these plans. Son.
ator Owen wants the tax increased to
GO per cent on Incomes of $50,000 a
year and up. Republicans are ex
pected to introduce bills removing tho
"collection at tho soiirco" feature and
possibly lightening the surtax.
Thc Income tax law became effect
ive October 3, 1913, after a constltu
tlonal amendment for it had been
ratified by three-fourths of the Stated,
Most tax authorities favored It bi
cause It was to bo tho largest trial on
this continent of a system designed to
make tax-dodging difficult. The Ad
ministration liked It because It
brought a revenue of $80,000,000 a
Now tho Administration wants to
ralso moro rovenuo by this means and
opponents of income taxation '.vant to
amend it to raise less.
Tho law ptovldes un exemption up to
$3.rJ of income for tingle persons and
$4,0(O for married persons. Ono per cent
Is collected on Incomes up to $20,000, on
nmountd betv ccn that and SOO.OW an ad-
.lltinnal 1 ttn,. ont inrl fmtir Innrf-nRM
un n fi ner cent on Income over $5,0.-
WO. It Is this increase atovo 1 per cnt,
ftn. cllrlnv tli!.t with "rollPCtlOn 111 the
source" Is' being fought.
Congress to Go Ahead. ,
To prevent tho hiding of incomes the
law ordered that all companies paying
dividends on slocks and bonds deduct
the nmcunt of the tax nnd pay it to
thc Government before they paid the
dhidends to tho stock and bond hold-
five now before the Supreme Court. In
the flve cases almost ovej-y provision
of thc law Is attacked, and upon tl.o de
cision of the court tests the constitu
tionality ot all cf these provisions.
A decision is eNpoctcd at any tlmo
but it ls possible the court will wait
until Justice Lamar, now ill, returns
to tho bench, before making a decision
Congress ls expected to go ahead with
its amendments, if the court decision
is not returned soon.
Christmas Ushered in by Burst
of Praise and Song in Catho
On the stroke of midnight, thousands
of voices, to the accompaniment of
deep-toned organs, burst Into Christmas
pralso ln Catholic churches ln all parts
of Washington. Christmas Day. for
thousands who attended the impressive
nnd beautiful midnight service, was
ushered ln with tho celebration of hal
Out on Brookland Heights, whore the
Mt. St. Sepulchre Monastery crowns
the "Langdon Ridge." Franciscan
friars celebrated a solemn high mast,
and thon obBorvcd the traditional custor
of filing through the catacombs to the
grotto of Bethlehem, as they chanted
"Adcstc FIdclcs," "Holy Night" and
other enrols that have been sung fof
centuries In commemoration of the first
Two Choirs at St. Patrick's.
Two choirs sang and echoed respoi
ses at St. Patrick's Church, whllo lit
Holy Trinity, in Georgetown; the
Church or tho Holy Rosary, Hoi?
Name, Church of St. Anthony. St
Peter's, Shrine of the Sacred Henrt, St.
Vincent do Paul, Immaculato Concep
tion, St. Aloyslus, and St. Stephen's mid
night masses ulso wero celebrated
At St. Patrick's tho sanctuary choir
under tho direction ot R. Milts Solb
sang responses, and a mixed choir, di
rected by Miss Jennie Glennan. sang
Haydn's "First Mass." Solemn high
mass was celebrated by Mgr. W T
Russell a8lstcd by tho Row Fathers Mc
Gulggan nnd McNamara.
At St. Peter's tho Rev. Mgr. J. M
O'Brien celebrated high mass, and the
singing was undor the direction of Mrs.
Hattle Ritchie Prcscott and Miss Cata
erlnc McKcnna, organist.
At Holy Trinity, ln Georgetown, great
crowds nlso attended the service, anfl
high masB was celebrated by tho Rer.
Father Corbett. 8. J., assisted by a
sanctuary choir cf men and boyv
Mgr. Cossio Officiates.
The Very Rev. Mgr. Lulgl t'osslo
preached the sermon at tho Church of
the Holy Rosury, and before tho mass
nn Itnllun pastorale was sung Dy con
gregation and choir.
At St. Stephen's Ilttydn't "Imperial
mass was sung; 'O Mlra Nox" (Bledcr
man). "Adestc Fideles." and "Nazureth
wero sung bofore. during, and after the
mass. . , ,, -.
At the Holy Name Church the Re
Thomas Korvlck preached tho sermon,
and thc "Adesto Fideles" and .other
hvmna wero sung by tho senior choir.
Sermons wore preached and special
music sung nt the other churchos.
In many Catholic churches services
began at 5 o'clock this morning, and
high masses were colebratod hourly un
THOUSANDS JOIN IN
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