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fifiBipr ; ' "1" "PITT "sPTf T?T, " "TV ' 1P3My''7?,T!f r73rT'!y f; im" ? 8 THE WASHINGTON TIMES; SUNDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1915. ,3rT""1f thelJMunBtan ffmetf rUDLItillED EVERY EVENING ( (Including Bundayi) By Alio Washirigton Times Company, THE ilUNSEt BUlr.DJN'D. Ponn. ava. FRANK A. MUNSEY, President R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary ( 0, H, POPE, Treasurer. ' On Tar (Including Sunrisva), !,. Sir Months. U.K. Ttire Month. Mc. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1015. KANSAS AQAIN Again the road for lovers of lib erty runs toward KnnKns." In thn middle o the last century they left home, the comforts of life in tho East and ordinary ambitions' to save that great tract of land from the blight of slavery. Now that they may have repre sentation where they pay taxes and a part in choosing those who shall be in authority over them, Women devoted o freedom are going to the borders which, after tho Missouri compromise had been rendered in effective, wore the scene of thrilling conflicts with ballots and" with bul lets. As leading abolitionists, moved from Massachusetts, Ndw York, and New Jersey jn the fifties, so leading suffragists are planning to move to day. But it will not be to a life of silence and inaction. They expect that with tongue and pen their x words will be carried through the length of 'the land, as were the words of the fiery and resolute men who were voted down in the Kansas elec , tions of 1855. The anti-slavery men fought ood fight on Kansas soil and in 4 their absence from the East exerted a greater influence on old friends and neighbors than they had exerted when at home. The suffragists, from - their r vantage ground of political freedom, may move powers that were deaf to their- appeals so long as they were in States where the men refused to consider them citi zens and give them a right to share in making the laws by which they are governed. AN ARCHITECTURAL ADORN-MENT Washington people inclined to mis givings about the artistic quality of the architectural and public develop ment of this town, may gain some reassurance if they will inspect the new bridge across Rock Creek on Q street. As a utility it was sadly needed for many years; its construc tion was difficult for a variety of reasons; and the completed struc ture, formally opened for use on Christmas eve. ic a particularly sat isfactory solution of both problems. The Q street bridge is more than a worthy companion piece to the Con necticut avenue structure. It rep resents a turning to artistic advan tage of some very real difficulties in engineering. Its attractiveness as well as its fitness for its place in the Rock Creek development scheme emphasizes the necessity for erec tion of a proper bridge at Calvert street. Particular satisfaction must be ex pressed at the standard of sculptural adornment which is fixed by the four heroic bronze bison guarding the. bridgeheads. They are the work of an American sculptor, Phineas Proc tor, of New York, whose contribu tions to virile, effective animal sculp ture are well known, and ought to be more frequently exemplified in Washington. They have attracted wide attention among competent critics. Apropos, is it not within reason to hope that these splendid bronzes may bring the blush of shame to the leonine countenances of the Port land cement gargoyles of lions that mar and cheapen the Connecticut avenue bridge? Is there not, in some responsible quarter, a sufficient re pository of combined artistic and ex ecutive authority to prod those hor rors into jumping over the parapet and losing themselves in the obliv ion that would be entitled to com miseration if compelled to associate with them? PREPAREDNESS AND PHYSIQUE There are not many things one can say these days about military preparedness or the lack of It that will be permitted to pass quite un challenged. But Dr. Charles W. Eliot propounds an argument which must strike home as forcibly in the militarist ranks as among the paci fists. He says that "the best training of a people for efficiency in war is the same training up to twenty years as that w,hich is desirable for efficiency in peace." In other words, before you can accomplish much either in peace or in war you must lay a sound foundation of individual health and strength. "Soldiers oupht to be thoroughly ablo-bodied," Dr. Eliot continues. "To this universal preparation of the youth for efficiency in both peace and war an active participation in outdoor ..sports contributes strongly, but looking on at games is not use fuJ participation." The common sense of this is ap parent to any one. Yet how many men, young or old, give real consid eration to their bodily efficiency? A glance over the human freight of any nubway train is answer enough, There are not many, men there whom you can Bize up and then think of in connection with, say, a forty-mile forced march. How about a bayonet charge? Most of. them would be dead from heart failure or helpless on tho ground from Bheor exhaustion, before they over reached the enemies' fine. Of course, in tho cities, conditions aro not fairly indicative of tho coun try at large. In smaller towns and on tho farms there aro more men in fair physical trim. But oven there the avorago is shockingly low. Let us all make it our individual bustf ncBs to get it higher, and we wpn't have to wait until there is war to reap the benefit. THE CALL FOR LLOYD-OEOROE The London Obsorver gives vigor ous voice to a thought that has been anything but fugitive, for many months, in its demand that David Lloyd-George be called to the head of the British government. The Ob server finds that Mr. Lloyd-George is the one big man. in British poli tics who seems able to get things done on time. "He is not amoncr de fendants under the "too late" indict ment. There was a time when tho very neonle who. all over the king dom, are now clamoring for his lead ership, regarded him as altogether too previous. Yet where would Britain have stood today if Lloyd-George had not ltlRlRtpd nn rnfnrminff ifn finnnpM. .. ... B . ....... , giving it a modern revenue system, placing the burdens where they could best be borhe? That work was well toward accomplishment be- lore tne war, ana it was the work of the Welsh chancellor. The founda tion he then laid as the support for a structure of social reforms, has served ervuallv well as the basis for tHe system of war finance that has enabled his country to accomplish marvels toward sustaining the al lies' cause. The same people, the same factions, parties, social forces, that a few years ago didn't know whether they hated him more or feared him more, now look to him as the man who can save the empire. They see in him a doer of deeds. The masses see in him a great demo crat; the classes find him an infernal demagogue; but they all agree that he is a nerformer; and it is a per former that England must have now. Meanwhile, devoted to the second Vast task that has been given him since the war began the task of providing munitions and industrially mobilizing the empire Lloyd George is as loyal to Asquith as man could lie. He goes about his work as if ambition were not and could not be for him; as if it were not per fectly certain that a day of his de fection would mean collapse of the Asquith regime. It must be a splen did satisfaction to this man who has tought his way to the top, against all opposition, to realize how he has won his vindication. But he has no time to indulge satisfaction. He needs but to go ahead, assured that the fullness of time will bring him the full measure of his reward. HERR BALLIN'S PEACE TERMS Herr Albert Ballin, intimate of the Kaiser and head of the Hamburg American line, has written an article in which he gives what seems a hopeful view of the present purpose among the rulers of Germany. They must have a peace, he says, which will 1. Assure the freedom of the seas. 2. Restrict armaments. 3. Insure against an economic con flict among the nations after the war. This summary of Herr Ballin's de mands is cheering, because while it continues to flaunt the "fmAnm nt the seas" buncombe with which sub- marine murders have been excused, it makes real concessions. Restric tion of armaments is a new plank in the authoritative German platform. Germany is responsible for the ex cesses of armament, as she is for the war. She prepared for it and she plotted it. She expected in vir tue of her sunerior nrmnmnnf tn win it; she had buildcd a navy with I wmtn iu cumeat iot ireeuom oi tne sea, when the sea had been so com pletely free that in a generation she has made herself the second mer cantile marine power, and was out stripping every other in rate of growth. She asks now for insur ance against economic conflict after the war, when she has been the leader in'economid warfare, and the most successful of all combatants in that arena. The Ballin statement of Germany's case suggests that 6anity is return ing; that the time has come to rec ognize the inevitable, and to occupy the other party's platform. Herr Balhn foresees the danger of an eco nomic boycott of Germanv after the war; the refusal to accept the "made m Germany" legend; and he would put Germany at the front without delay in protesting such an outcome. If Germany is willing to concede the freedom of the seas, which must include guarantees for the future of civilized methods of warfare at sea; if she Nis ready to reverse herself and agree to restrict armaments; if she fully realizes the menace of eco nomic conflict then there is possi bility that this war may bring a peace as nearly permanent as any peace in this world can be. But if that takes place, on the basis of something like the Ballin proposal,, it will be a surrender of, and not to, Germany. iKtimU 4 n . A, -1. M . x !.. i a I Studying System For . Upbuilding of Army Many Look to Schools and Colleges As Proper Place Where Military Expansion Shbuld Be Effected. May Turn to Vocational Training. . By JUDSON That 'America, In lis peculiar circum stances', ought to give tho world a new Idea About styles In armies and army preparedness, Is a feeding whoso cur rency among membors of Congress sukj Keats the probability of a' long and In teresting discussion of the army appro priation bill. A now sort of an army, that shall servo some useful purpose In peace as well as in war, Is.'very generally de sired. There aro all kinds of more or less fantastic, practical, and Impractical Ideas about It. Some very earnest folks have the no tion that the army could bo Inado self supporting by setting it at raising crpps, somehow or other. Others think It could be enlisted and between drills omployod In building, a national system of roads. Still others believe the army should be recruited from and trained, to a large extent, In the public schools, high schools, and colleges. Would Teach Trades. Then thoro Is tho scheme of making the army a sort of vocational training institution, with the purpose of teach ing trades, technical courses, and tho like, along with gcneial academic train- lng; all this to bo supplemented Dy a thorough military course that would turn-the young men out soldiers, and from -which the morp proficient might bo, further trained In the professional duties of officers. This last Plan hns a good many aa vocatcs. who Insist that it Is better adapted to the requirements of this country than tho Swiss military sys tem. Thev uree that there Is need of more effective vocational training, and that, its the state-controlled system oi education has failed In most cases to provide It, the National Government might very properly take It up. It Is admitted that the problem of fitting such a nationally-controlled system In' with the public school organizations or the States Is difficult, but various plans havo been tentatively worked out for accomplishing this. v For the "Old Army." Concerning such a project there Is wide divergence of opinion even among the Drofcsslonal military men. It is noted that whereas the older officers. men whose touch and early associa tion have been largely with the "old army," regard such Ideas as imprac ticable and Impossible, there Is a large clement among the younger army men who bellnvc it will work All such nrooosals arc based on the as sumption that this country Is never go !;; to maintain In time of prace a nfandlng army comparable with tho ar maments that neretororo nave neon supported by the more military nations of Furojw. Preparednes to draw a real armv of real soldiers frnm the body of tho civic community, rather than pre paredness with a great armv ahvajs un der arms. Is the 'deal In thls'easc. The sentiment In favor of such a policy Is so lTAnnra! frnflt If nftHllrp at leant fln earnest effort to deylse a plan that will In time met national needs. Any project looking to the establish ment of h large army on old lines of simple militarism will meet oblectlons bnsed on several different views. Ono of the most Important of those Is the theory that at the end ft the war In Europe there mav be an International agreement for reduction of armaments which will remove the need for any grent Increase In the American army establishment. There Is a large elasrf of men In Congress who bellove that any scheme devised at present will be unsat isfactory. They say that our military future will be decided for us, whether or no, bv the results In Europe If the nlllcs win a sweeping victory, thev ex pect, such restrictions of armament as will largely remove the need for an cxranslve scheme of Increased standing army, with a reserve and a continental or mllltla system. On the other hand, If INVENTOR ANNOUNCES "MANLESS" AIRSHIP Mkuln Tenia Says It's Store Like Thunderbolt Than Anything Else ICver Devised. Nikola Tesla, the Inventor, winner of the 1915 Nobel physics nrlze, announces that he has filed application for a. pat ent on a machine that Is more like n thunder bolt than anything man hos ever devised, snys the IndtanapoHs Kcies. It Is described as a kind of man less airship with a spied of 300 miles a second. It is propelled by electricity w'thout the aid of wings or an engine, and can be directed by an operator stationed many miles from the scene of the havoc tiiat it la rnnnhle of nroducinc. Tesla says that there Is nothing sen sational about the machine. He has been .....vino n it fnr ver. The Invention embodies a practical application of a transmitter on which he has already se cured a patent, nnd by means of which it Is possible, he says, "to protect elec trical energy In any amount to any dis tance and apply It fpr innumerable pur poses, both in peace and war," all with out the use of wires. Al though because of his predictions that the wars of the future will be fought with electricity rather than ex plosives, Tesla has been regarded by some as Inclined toward the dimly apec ulatle, the fact that this year he re ceived the Nobel prize In recognition of his many useful Inventions gives him a standing that compels attention. He is reticent about tho construction of his machine, but claims that with his device it would be possible to defend New -.- I . .. fl.Al -. nfm.. hv tll simple piocess of locating the cneni nnd dispatching the automatic airships with the timing device so arranged that at the right moment a destructive en gine would be released that would swoep all before It. This would be an advance on prescht methods of warfare as ino mentus as tho present method are over the methods of fifty years ago. With the powers of Europe In posses sion of deodty bOpius which could be flung at will from one :apltal p anoth er. It Is plain that war would be listed among the extra hazardous occupations. However, Tesla has as yt not demon strated the efficiency of his invention. Until he docs this there wU be lomo skepticism In many quarters. But lt hardly becomes a Nobel prle, winner to announce such an Important Invention unless he is at least reabonably sure that he will do what he says It will do. It Is no child's play to project a bomb from Chicago which will demolish the city hall Jo New York without the as sistance of any human hand except that blch pulls the lever In Chicago. C. WELUVER. tho Germans win. 'they anticipate jhat boforo lonir It wilt be realized that this country must put forth a vastly itreater effort than anybody has yet considered necessary. Meantime, with the issue In Europe yet In the balance, they Insist that whatuver preparation for Incroaiert amy strength Is now made, must bo retarded hb tentative and provisional. Study Different Methods. During the recess or Congress some of the members are making studies of various Institutional methods of pro viding volunteer military training. These Include the work of high school cadets, of regular military schools, and, of the State colleges to which the Fed eral Government contributes, in con sideration, partly, of their affording military drill for students. Some or these Institutions havo won high pralso for their cfTeotlva work. Throughout the South, for Instance, Virginia Mili tary Institute holds a rank for military efficiency, based on the work of Its graduates during the civil war and the Spanish-American contest, that is hard ly second to the esteem entertained for West Point. There aro other Institu tions, such as the one at Culver, Ind., that arc only less famous for their methods of making soldiers out or youthrul students. If such results can be attained In a small number of highly organized and e(tlclent inatitutlons, why not gener- ally? That Is the ouestlon which advo cates of an Institutional army aro pressing. They point to tho fact that West Point takes a young man at high school age, and in four years not only gives him tho college education that he would get at an ordinary university, but, In nddltlon, makes & soldier of him and trains him for the duties of an officer. Excellent European military authori ties have declared that tho corps or cadets at West Point Is tho finest body of Infantry In the world. If it Is pos sible to make soldiers of such quality In four years and at the same time givo tho academic, technical, and pro fessional training that Is generally re garded as the best, for army orflcers, provided In any Institution In the world, why would It not be possible to estab lish a different kind of educational in stitutions, In which privates and non commissioned officers should be pre pared In a much shorter time, while a vocational or technical education was also provided? Co-ordination of Schools. Co-ordlnatlon of tho public schools, colleges, and professional military training institutions Is generally con templated In all plans of this kind. One of tho commonest arguments in favor of such a scheme of universal military Instruction Is that It would be of Immense benefit to the young men. Hoys in the Intermediate nnd high schools would be given the great physi cal and disciplinary advantages of military training. Those who went farther with the course would Include a very large proportion, who, In con sideration of becoming members, for a llxed term of the reserve of cither of ficers or men, would bo given the op portunity to acquire a higher ccjuca tlrin Uhat otherwise might .be beyond their means. Thus the Intelligence level would be raised, and at tho same time the trained material for a really effi cient army would be provided, to the extent of hundreds of thousands of men annually, without keeping a standing army of large numbers. There are plenty of people who insist on regarding all such plana B vision ary and umbrageous, but the fact re mains that they arc getting a good deal of consideration, and that they will have much support from military men. The relations between the educational and the military systems in Germany aro being studied with close attention, nnd an Increasing realization that Ger man superiority In the field Is inti mately related to the fact that the Germans -have wrought the military Ideal Into their ei'jcatlonal structure, and the educational Ideal Into 'their nrmy organization In a way that seems to have dono much for the'natlon. The general efficiency of the German peo ple, whether In civic or military life, Is pointed to as attestation of the practicability and usefulness of a plan that combines the two. GERMAN BARONESS POSES FOR A LIVING Penniless In err York, Tier Ilnsbnnd Prisoner of Wnr, She Become it Hloriet. (ATto York Dispatch in Kansas City Star.) Penniless In a foreign city. Iier hus band a prisoner of war somewhere In France, the Baioness von Freytag Lorlnghoven, young and radiantly beau tiful, has been driven to pose is a model In the men's life class In the New York School of Fine Applied Arts. Her husband Is a lieutenant In a regi ment of German Uhlans. His father Is MaJ. Gen. naron Freytag-Lorlnghoven on the German general staff. "Why do I pose?" she raid today. "The answer Is so very simple. I Was penniless. My husband and I, nnd he 13 wonderfully amiable, do not get along together well, but what matters that now? He is In France and I am liero, I have been making my own living slnce iaai summer Hna woruing very Hard, but I care not. I, who never worked, find that this being independent is so Inter esting. I see that life Is so well worth the living. But here is a trouble. I long always for self-expression. I paint pictures-, but they do not sell as yet. They, perhaps, never will. As I stand In my place on the model throne I feel within mo the rhythm of life. I could dance, but one must have lesson3. "So that Is why IJiave gone now to the German consul general to- ask that I receive some allowance because my husband Is a prisoner Jn the hands of tho enemy." At the office pf the Qerman consulate it was said that the case of the woman presenting herself as the Baroness Frt.y-tag-Korlnghovcn was being carefully In vestigated. It was said that the family was a very well known one and that MaJ. Gen. Frelhem von Freytag-t.or-lnghoven was one of tne general staff of the German army. PR15ACHES l.V QUAY 1VOHK SmrtT. Formnl Frock of Pulpit Keeps Work tngnien Awny, Minister Thinks. (From the SfUwaukec Journal.) Declaring "tho reason only 2 per cent of uorklngmcn attond rellgioub service Is because 70 per cent of tho ministry Is out of sympathy with the cause of labor, tho rtcv. C.H. Holcomb. Barber ton. Ohio, preaches to his conrregation In a gray work shirt, without coat and with a red bandanqa handkerchief In his hip pocket. "Some people think that otorythlnsr with a long-tailed coat is a nrracjier,'' ho said. "They forget that nen In long tails open street doors In department stores, and that the cry of 'cat., sir. cab, conies most frequently Irora dusky person likewise clad." WHAT'S ON PROGRAM HERE DURING WEEK Many Interesting Ercnts of Im portance Aro Scheduled For Capital. ' ' ' Today. Lecture, "Christian Science," ToH'i Theater, 3 p. m. 8fclal Christmas Services and address by Mnie. Mountforu. Terminal r. M. O. A.. (p. m, Vespers, Y. Wl C, A headquarters, 4M p. m. , Iclurc, "Tlie Ilsllln qf Armageddon." Tss lor rtuisell, New Nations! Theater, p. m. Motion Pictures of Mt. nalnter National Tark, , National Press Club, S p. m. Aiarts; "The League to Enforce Teace." Alonzo T. Jones, before Washington Hecui 1st League, Pythian Temple, 3 p. m. Tomorrow. ?erM.F,U BU,f Mrlne B"nt Orches. tra. Marine Barracks, 2:J0 -p. m. ltE2!X;Ml2'Cty C"1""' Association. 1C03 Seventh street northwest, S p. m. 8pdAlJ'Am,e,rlf"n Scientific Congress. Pan-American Union, 10 a. m, MS.u'.Tni.nc? hw2,man'' Rellef Co"' J,"0n.l0-:pid iijdge, 'flt. John's day com-' --...v.,y, circuon oi oincers; ooara oi directors of Masonic ana Eastern Slsr Home. Temple, No. 13, Eastern Btar. Odd Fellows-Union. No. 11; Beacon, No. 15; Langdon, No. 6, election! Esther ne bekah Lodge, No. 5. Knights of Pythlss-Decatur, No. ; Calm the, No. 11. election. Royal Arcanum National Council Christ mas tree celebration. National Unlon-8cett Council, Federal Coun cil, NorthengCouncil. "S?1!?'- rtsectlon of Twentieth Csntury Club, at home of Mrs. Ward, 17M Colum bla road, 3 p. m. Tuesday. Masonic Acacia. No, IS; lllram. No. 10, spe clal; Almas Temple. Mystic Mhrlne. elec tion: Electa, No. Z. nothlehem. No. 7; Friendship, No. IT; St. John's Lodge, "No. II, Eastern Sar. Odd Fellows Washington. No. (if Oolden nule. No. 21; Amity. No. 21; 3Vd D. Htuart, No, 7, Encampment, election. Knights of Pythias Webster, No, 7; Ex celsior, No. 14; Capital, No. 2i Myrtle, No. 26, election. Royal Arcanum Oriental Council. Daughters ot Liberty Hope Counclf. No. L Christmas tree celebration. New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. "A Perplexing Situation," presented by C. E. Society of the church, S p. m. i Wednesday. Masonic Kalllpolls Grotto, hort form In itiations and Installation, Chamber ot Commerce rooms. Odd Fellows Eastern, No. 7; Harmony, No. 9; Federal City, No. 29. election; Cplura Man, No 1, Encampment, election. Knights of Pythias Mount Vernon, No. S, election: Friendship Temple. No. 9. Thursday. Mssontc LaFayette. No. 1. Odd Fellown Covenant. No. U; Columbia. No. 10, Salem, No. 22, election. Friday. Masonic Lebanon. No. 7, social session Odd Fellowa Central, No. 1; Metropolis, Ne. 1(; Phoenix, No. 28, election Knlghta of Pythias Rathbone Temple, No. S. Pythian Sisters. Knights of Columbus New Yesr dance by Carroll Council Dancing Assembly, n P. O. Elks New Tear Eve entertainment. Fraternal Order of Eagles-New Year dance. lmproed Order of Red Mon-Scneca Tribe, No. U. Sons of Jonadab Watch night parties by Hope Council. No. 1, Unity Council, No. 2; John C. Daley Council, No. 3. and Capitol-Harmony Council, No. 5. Saturday. New Year services In all churches. Socialist Party Supper, headquarters. Ill E street northwest, 6 p. m. Lecture. Rev. Msrtln O'Donoghue.; "The Basis of War." S.I5 p. m . i ' )f WAR BABY SPENDERS ' MAKING ROME HOWL While Their Vnr Money I.nsts Xew York's Gny "World Welcome Them. (From the New York World.) Unless you ure wank about the weepers which Is the latest slang for poor eyesight you must have noticed the great Increase In the number of hilarious suppers and bilious breakfasts In old Manhattan this winter. Of course, you have. Wasn't It only last night that the haughty head waiter at the Bustanybody lobsterorlum could not get you a tatile despite the five bones you had ready to slip him? "The town's full of people nnd the people full of money," you consoled yourself philosophically. But that Isn't the real reason. The boys who are bulling the gay life these days or rather nights are the war baby iDenders. Hundreds, yes, thousands, of New Yorkers have made killings In war stocks and war orders this winter. And In the most natural way they are spend ing It nightly In the pursuit of pleasure. Come easy, go easy I For the war-baby spenders only hit the high spots. They may have been pikers when they bought their Bethle hem or Studebakcr months ago, but their profits have put them In the Fifth avenue class temporarily at least. And Instead of visiting the cabarets they haunt the smartest restaurants and after-theater rendezvous. Opportunities only come to thoso who have ready money, and so the bellboys, waiters f.nd other underlings who have been oredlted with winning big sums In Wall Street exist only In the brain of hack reporters. But the num ber of well-to-do New Yorkers who have cleaned up in steel, automobile, and qther war stocks Is amazing. And tho result Is that tho high-priced hotels and restaurants arc filled to overflowing. In ono way the war-baby spenders are going to cause a great hardship. The New Year Eve celebration this year will be the costliest we have ever had. Instead of charging $5 for a "cover" (which means an Indigestible supper and the necessity of buying wine) many of the big hotels and res taurants are going to boost the price. At Healy's, for Instance, you will have to pay $6 for each person In your party merely to be among those present. The Cafo des Beaux Arts Is charging J7 per person. At Fysher's $10 wjll be the rate. And as the Importations of cham pagne during the past year have been small, six, seven and eight dollars a bottle will be the prevailing price. SAVUG THE VOltKSmUE DIALECT 7ier Use of Dictaphone Is Reported From Knelnnd. A new use for the dictaphone is re ported from England, says tho Provi dene Journal. On a recent visit to Kelghley Museum, Prof. F. W. Moor man, of Leeds University, took with him a dictaphone for tho purpose of re cording and preserving tho Yorkshire dialect speech. Dialect is rapidly dying out In many Yorkshire districts, and If future generations are to hear the spoken word In Its richness and variety some effort at artificial preservation Is needed. The dialect In Its purest form was obtained at Kelghley. Tho "shepherd's numerals" were dic tated by one Tattersall Wilkinson, of Hoggerham. who spoke them as ho heard them as a lad those peculiar numerals of Celtic origin, by which sheep must always be counted, for to use the common "one, two, three, four." eta, would Invite the "vorst of luck. Prof Moorman's experiment opens up a world of suggestions to the phllolo- Life of Clara Barton . Inspiration to America Friend of Presidents and- Crowned Heads, and Bene factress of the World Biography of Her a Notable Addition to Literature of the Day. The biography of no ,womancould bo morp Inspiring to ' Americans than tho ma or uiara Harton, a l'orcy II Kplcr, which has just come irom tho 'McMillan press. Her fame as philanthropist and publicist Is world wide, for her great life-work was giving form. 'and mctlon to tho greatest move ment of the past century the brother hood of nations, v It was as founder of the American Red Cross that Miss Barton Immor talized her name, and necessarily the larger part of the book Is devoted to her wbrk for and In that organization. Mr.'Kpler has given the work tho llavor or autobiography by permitting his sub ject to tell her own story as much as, possible, and half Its charm and value are found In her writings contained in it. Few men have It In their lot to know many Presidents, but Clara Barton was well acquainted with eleven. Hevcrat of them were her Intimate friends.' And not alone 'Presidents, but roynlty a8 well, called her friend, and delighted to honor her. No American woman ever could boast bo many foreign decora tions; no American woman's name is held In such veneration abroad. braved Everything. Clara Barton was born In North Oxford, Mass., on Christmas day. 38-1. At the ago of pftecn she became a teacher, and she followed that profes sion lor eighteen years, after wntch she came to Washington to serve the Government In tho Patent Office. While she was here a girl acquaintance com plained of there being no opportunities to accomplish ought for the world. Miss Barton responded that opportuni ties were many, that they only needed to be seized. She fitted the deed to the word. Tho South seceded, war was ac clared, and she was tilled with the de sire to help her country by ministering to wounded soldiers. "Society forDade women at tho front. Almost tho only camp followers of her sex were women of loos life. Would humanity be scan dalized and her reputation gone if she trl-Jd It?" In addition, there were arm regulations which prohibited Jt. Nevertheless, Clara Barton braved ev erything and became tho 'nngel of the battlefield. No soldier risked his life more readily than she, none braved hardships more uncomplainingly. At Chantllly. she says, T remember myself sitting on the ground, upheld by my left arm, mv head resting on my hand. Impelled hy an ' almost uncontrollable desire to lie completely down, and pre vented by the certain conviction that If I did water would flow Into mv cars." After the second battle of Bull Run. rho says: "You know, the full record of my sleep from Frlda night till Wednrsdiv morning two hours." Superhuman talks' were hers In those unhappy cam paigns. "In all this vast assemblage I saw no other trace of womankind," she wrote In the davs of Harpers Ferry nnd Soi'th Mountain. "I was faint, but could not eat: weary, b.it could not flcop; depressed,-but could not weep." At Antletam. while bending over a wounded soldier on tho battlefield, "a iullt Hoed Its free and easy way be tween us, tearing a hole In mv sleeve and, found Its way Into his body. He fe't back dead." '$ AlFredcricksbMrg. Miss" Barton's own descriptions of war scenep are stirring pictures, and- she wrote of only what transpired within her own vision, thus Imparting to them a photographic realism. Perhaps the most thrilling of these pictures is that telling of the campaign before Freder icksburg. After unnumbered men had been mowed down while trvlng to cross the river, finally a small body f Union t'nops did succeed In efctlng a pas sage, and among tho first to follow on that shell-swept bridge was Clara Bar ton, who found herself "rocking across tho swaying bridge, the witcr hissing with shot on either side " Turing the battle of the Wilderness Miss Barton overheard a 1'nlon captain declare it was "a pretty hard thing for refined people like the peonlc of Fred rlcksbiirg to be compelled to open their homes and admit 'these dirty, lousy, common soldiers.' and that he was not going to compellt." She observed other delinquencies on the na-t of officers which were increasing the hardships of the wounded, so she hunted to Wash ington, where, after helm; 'hrcatened by u Senator; the AVa Department rushed a commission to Fredericksburg to remedy the situation. "Fredericksburg." says Mr. Epler, "was unspeakably awful to the memory of Clara Barton Yet afterward. In clear vision, she saw through It a mightv fact that It was this defeat that wrenched from President Lincoln and the American people the Emancipation Proclamation' By It, not only was the false self-confidence of the North dis pelled forever, but there came out of It also the moral courage that was to turn defeat Into victory." After the war. Miss Barton devoted four years to the search for missing men, and the Oovcrnment in the be ginning falling to assist her, she opened an office nnd hired a force of twelve men to assist her, paying the expenses out of her private bank account. The result of these labors was a nervous breakdown, necessitating a trip abroad, and while Miss Harton was In Switzerland, tho Franco-Prussian war broke out. Her fame had gone before her. and sho was invited to Join the International Red Cross In Its work, and also received an Invitation from the Grand Duchess of Baden. Her Service in Europe. She desired, however, to work inde pendently of rthe new organization, and despite her Illness, a little while found her In the Prussian ranks, having ac cepted the Invitation of tho daughter of the Prussian King. She had been amazed to learn that the American Government had declined to be signa tory to tho treaty of Geneva, and fib's declared that "If I llvo to return to my country I will try to make my people understand the Red Cross and that treaty." It Is Interesting to note her opinion of the French people, while in this ser vice: "I am almost tired of France POIfJON IN COSMETICS. liead. Mercury. Zinc, nnd Their Salts Are Kxieiiklvely I'aed. My lady's face, to use a somewhat trite quotation from Macbeth, "Is as a book In which men may read strange matters," a face In which even the so called rice powder may not contain any rice at all. and be lurgcly filled with talc, starch and zinc oxide. Ican, mercury, zinc, and their salts arc ex tensively used In face washes, lotion-), and enamels. "These metals, especially lend," says an authority quoted In the ATcto 1'orfc tied' ical Record "are mote readily absorb ed through the skin by women and girls, than by men, and consequently akin diseases may arise which are dititcult to recognize owing to fnllures to suspect their source. One of the chlefciimes oi the producers of theso cosmetics Is the (illusion of wood alcohol in the formula. We are all familiar with the poisonous quality of this chemical. Lotloim of tarious kinds containing mercury are used freely on the skin and allowed to conic In contact with abraded areas. Symptomi of poisoning follow." I Sli.,0P .'?.!; ?.f.,;,aJ!f. "F "onwthln P ,n.otl,,ntff.,lubc nothing sensible m -. r 1nco' a,Jrt ,l on,y dlsguats one that -ilfy ,. alwayj' claimed the leader ship of tho world and that so stupidly It has been enncoded to thcin. I do hopo the German bayonets have punch ed a hole In that bubble largo enough to burst It. Upon her return to America Miss Fur tpn worked zealously for recognition of the Red Cross by the United" etatcs. but met rebuff after rebuff from Whit a House and Department of State. Finally she Won over Piesldenl Garllchl. il?. n?lrr,-.hls. assassination Prcsldrnt Arthur-fulfilled -., martyr'n desire with rcspeet to It. On March V,, lS2, tho Senate rntlflcd the treaty of Geneva, and for nenrly a qinrtcr of a ccnturv thorcafter alio, gave her service, heart and soul to tho work of the Amerle'in Red Cress. She was madn president of the organization Indeed, 'there was no other person In the country who under stood ItB purposes no fully nnd sympa thized with them so deeply as she. It would require ypars of labor to provfr to tho Government and the country' lt v worth. Jn the beginning she maintained It at a personal sacrifice of W.00O a year the cost to her totaling J76.000 during her entire presidency. Miss Barton reorcscnte'd the United States at the International Red Cross Conference In Geneva In 1881. and caused an amendment to the convention to bo adopted which provided for humani tarian work In times of peace On "Hyphenated Americans." The next conference was held In Ger many. There occurred an Interview be tween the German Emperor and Miss Barton, which is Interesting at the mo ment because of present agitation over "hyphenated Americanism." When tho Emperor asked if Germans In tho United States made good citizens, she replied: "The best that could bo desired; Indus trious, honest, and prosperous, and, sire, thev nrc still yours in heart, true to the Fatherland and its Emperor." Clara Barton was on a Red Cross mis sion to Havana whon the Maine was blown up. She returned to tho States, and her preparations made her ready on the field of battle to give first aid to the wounded. An officer once approached her with a request for delicacies for sick men In his regiment. "Can I buy them?" he asked. "Not for a million dollars," answered Miss Barton. "But my men need these things," h repeated anxiously. "I think a great deal of mv men; I am proud of them." "And we know we are proud of vou. colonel, but we can't sell hospital sup plies." "Thon. how can I get them?" "Just ask tor them, colonel." So Colonel Koosevclt just asked for a sack, and took them along with him. Miss Barton was seventy-eight, but worked like a woman of thirty in tho Cuban campaign. Once sho refused tho viily available shelter for the night, a Dostoffice room "feeling Instinctively that danger lurked within." Sho "crouched under the stars and dew all night, and the postmaster died "In tho very cot she would have occupied." Hundreds of thousands of people In Europe. Asia, and America benefited from the American Red Cross under Miss Burton's direction. The list of flits, floods.jfomlncs epidemics, tidal, waves, earthquakes, and cyclones' to whose victims she carried aid is long. Among her mercy missions was one to Armenia. But at last the institution became so great, its recognition hy tho Government and the people so full, that men began to think of the time when Miss Barton would be no more, and all resulted In the resignation of Miss Bar ton as president on June IS, 1301. Opposed Big Armament. The society was reorganized by Con gress, "doing awav with the ocntrallzed authority about which the Red Cross had in the past swung." In Europe Its presidents were crowned heads. In America thereafter Its chief officer was to be the President of the United States. Her work was complete. "He only was great enough to fill the place she created, and for twenty-two years fill ed." Clara B&rton was a lifelong advocate of equal political rights for women. "I believe I must have been born believ ing in the full right of woman to all the privileges and positions which na ture and iustlce accord to her in com mon with other human beings," she de clared. She was opposed to large armaments. "What of the increasing flotillas of battleships and dreadnaughts?" sho was asked. She reollcd1 "Each one Is a men ace to tho neacc of tho world. With each new battleship evorv nation car ries a chin on its shoulder. No! We've done with war. I.ct us struggle for peace. Peace Is the ouestlon now no loneer war." Miss Barton looked askance at Eng land nnd France. She seemed nor. to have faith in the former and to havo contempt for the latter. Of Great Britain she wrote: "Her style of neu trality is something wonderful. Its acts I.o: Are they not written In the book of the heart of every soldier who fought In the nrmies of Abraham?" She saw the difficulties of preserving peace through arbitration, and refer red to France as nn argument "And how much legislation." she asited, "would it have taken to convince the world what a worthless bubble or as sumption was France, so utterly un worthy the leadership she assumed and to have laid her In all respects ao open before the world that It should with one volco repudiate her leader ship, and refuse to follow her as here to Tore In frivolity. Immorality, rollv. fashion, vice, and crime." Altogether Mr Eplers volume of A" pages Is a notable contribution to tho literature ot the day. No story or America In tho past century would be complete without a life ot Clara Har ton, and this has been supplied In a most admlrnbrc wav bv the author Her entire career, trom childhood till sho died In her nlnety-lirst years. Is reviewed sympathetically, but not uncritically. B. L. u. iron citnss iron amfiricax. fie. Is n Soldier of Fort one Flghtlnc for Ihe Knlarr's ""niie. (From the Kansas City Star.) Somewhere In the l'alkans. flghtlnsr with the German legions, there i an American soldier ot fortune, risen triii tho ranks and now a sergeant, w no hos had a life or thrills and adventures His name is George I.. Bode He is a product of San Francisco, where he was born and riom where he started on the trail of ntlvcnturo which tonK him to tho Philippines nnd to the China coast, to the Uusso-Japauese war. to revolutionary Mexico, nnd then to trai rtcldal Europe. Fifteen months ago Mode was with Villa In Mexico his swoid sold " "I'anchn. ' At tho oulbrcHl, of European war lit wei.t 'a the .vestrin (innt and was in the grout i diivo foi Paris. He retirntril a. .Mens and helped dig the Gorman hii Into tho soil of France In the trench' h(T won the iron cross for callunr throwing a luring hand grenade out "l a trench, lie was promoted, too, and later ho became a top sergeint.