Cloudy; Warmer Tonight
(Full Report on Pago Two.)
WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING-, DEOEMBEK 27, 1015.
PRICE ONE CENT.
LINER SANK IN
American Official Reports on
Torpedoing of Japanese Ship
Near Port Said Was Given
Nationality of Undersea Craft
Sought Before Protest Shall
Be Made All Passengers
The submarine controversy between
the United States and Germany and
Austria took a graver turn toJay
when the nrst official report to reach
the-mate Department showed that the
Japanese; liner Yasaka ..Maru, with
one American aboard, was torpedoed
and sank without warning In forty
All the passengers and crew, 283 In
' number, were saved. The Identity of
the attacking submarine was not es
tablished. This will estop the United
States Government from entering of
ndal protest until further facts are
received establishing the blame.
Text of Report.
The official .report was from Ed
ward Lyell Brlstow. United States
consul at Port Said. Egypt. It said:
"The Yasaka Maru was sunk by a
submarine without warning. No at
tempt was made to escape. Perl
scope was not seen until after tor-
...tmi t.A va.kaV RhA stunk In
forty-nine minutes. One hundred ana
twenty passengers, one American, .
J. Leigh, and 162 crew took to boats
and were followed by submarine,
imtinnnlltv unknown, until French
gunboat appeared. No lives lost."
Consul Brlstow was Instructed to ob
tain further facts. of the disaster as a
basis for official action.
Officials, received the report from the
American consul with the gravest con
cern. The facta as stated by Consul
Briaiow- are accepted -as proof that the
sinking raises an Issue graver, In some
respects, than the sinking of the Ancona,
even though there was no loss of life.
If it Is established that the Yasaka
Maru waa' torpedoed by a German sub
marine th issue will bo graver, officials
vald, than If subsequent proof estab
lishes the blame as Austria's.
Demand for Disavowal.
The German government has given
pledges in -writing that no vessels will
be torpedoed without warning.
Austria has given no pledges, and haa
refused to be bound by any understand
ing on this point 'between tlio United
States and Germany. . ., ,
State Department officials Indicate
that peremptory demands will bo made
for disavowal of the Yasaka Maru at
tack. If It Is proved that an Austrian sub
marine sank the Yasaka Maru. the An
cona negotiations will be supplemented
by a renewed demand for disavowal,
punishment of the submarine command
ers, and reparation in each case. No
official comment on the Yasaka Maru
has been made.
Officials are puzzled by the statement
in Consul Bristow's dispatch that the
submarine followed the escaping pas-Ki-ngera.
It is not plain whether this
Hction waa hostile or was a measure of
safety to assure the escane of the nas-
scngers and crew. Further advices '
"ill be sought.
It Is believed that the Yasaka Maru I
case will tirgo the State Department to
uring me entire suomanne issue to a
head by taking definite action In the
landing Lusltanla and Ancona cases.
Big Liner Arlanza
Sunk Near Archangel,1
New York Shippers Told
NEW TORK, Dec. 27. The big Brit
ish liner Arlanza was sunk off, the Rus
sian port of Archangel, probably by a
floating mine, on December 10, accord
ing to authoritative Information reach
ing New York shippers today;
The news Is Bald to have been sup
pressed by the British censor for fear
that the neutral ship owners might be
come alurmod at the possible dangers
in Russian waters.
Exrepting tho I,usitania and the
Amble, the Arlanza ts the largest
wtcumcr sunk by mines or submarines
h nee the beginning of the war. She
whs owned by the Royal Mall Packet
'ompuny, displaced 15,044 tons and was
B70 feet in length. She was built In
1012. and It Is believed here waa com
mandeered by tho British government
nt the outbreak of the war.
f The British Steamer
Hadley Crew Saved
LONDON. Dec. 27. The British
steamer Hartley has been sunk by a sub
marine. Her crew was rescued, accord
ing to dispatches received here today.
Tho Hadlev dispviced 1.777 tohs. She
was owned by W. Cory & Son and regls-
teicd at l.ondon. '
Floated and on Her Way
I ON DON. Dec. 27. The Holland
.nierlcan liner Nleuw Amsterdam, from
New York, went ashore off Ooodwln
ni during a heavy gale early today.
hu was refloated at H a. m., and Is
v ooeedlng on her way. Dispatches re
ceived here said she was uninjured.
She was delayed about Ave hours.
Turks Defeated in
LONDON, Dec. 27, Turkish
forces were defeated with
' heavy losses and driven back
in attack on the Anglo-Indian
Mesopotamian base of Kut-El-Amara
on Saturday, ac
cording to official dispatches
received here today.
General Townshen'd reported
the Turkish losses totaled be
tween 600 and 800. The
British lost less' than 200, he,
The latest dispatches from Con
stantinople reported the
Turks engaged in an attempt
to surround General Town-
' shend's troops at Kut-El-,
i By BLAZE
Fire Practically Destroys Old
Mansion on Stretch North of
tti... r,,t(,.,.ii.. -. -.,. . u
Fire practically destroyed today the
old Patterson mansion, north of Ken
dall Green, ore. of the few remaining
structures of the architecture of tho
days before the civil war.
The house had been unoccupied for
many years. About two months ego
vandals entered the family "emctery
nearby and rilled the Patterson tomb,
which at that time contained eight
bodies, the last havlnr been laid to
rest about fifty years igo.
Smoke was seen arising fr.im the de
serted house shortly before 10 o'clock
today. Students at GalUudet College
sounded an alarm and mgine com
panies 10 and 12, with a truck company,
Firemen Are Troubled.
The firemen experienced difficulty In
getting the hose thioueh the thick un
derbrush which surrounds the old place.
The building waa almost destroyed when
the firemen were enabled to turn a
stream on the place.
Tho Patterson house, built nearly a
hundred years ago. It Is estimated. was
gradually tumbling down. , During the
manv years mat, it nas remained vacant
there has been thievery of some of its
furnishings, including the otd-fashioned
balustrades and windows. Of late the
dilapidated house has been used by
playing children of the neighborhood.
The house stands In the center of a
tract of about eighty-two acres. In their
recent estimates to Congress." the Com
missioners asked an appropriation to
purchase the entire 'tract and make a
great park for that section of the, city.
Of Colonial Style.
Iji architecture the burned house
as similar to many of the old-style
Colonial homes of the South. It was
spacious and well built and In the
long ago was one of the magnificent
residences about Washington.
The cause of the Are which gutted
the picturesque house has not been
ascertained, but It Is believed It might
have been accidentally started by
boys who were making the old man
sion their playgrounds.
While fighting the Are Lieutenant
Dixon, of No. 12 Engine Company,
was struck on the head by a piece of
the falling tornice, but Was not seri
Italian Destroyer Captures
Greek Steamer Suspected of
PARIS, Dec. 27 Six passengers and
one member of the 'crew perished when
the Italian liner Port Said was sunk
In tho Mediterranean by an Austrian
submarine, according to Milan dis
patches today. Other passengers and
members of the crew, numbering about
150. were rescued.
An Italian destroyer answered the
liner's call for aid and pursued the sub
marine several miles, but the Austrian
escaped by diving. The destroyer, after
rescuing tne fort Bald's nassenger and
crew, took Into port at Derna a Greek
steamer that had watched the sinking
or tne liner in tne Dcner mat she
shielded the submarine's approach.
The liner Porto Said presumably Is the
vessel meant In the Paris dispatch. The
'Porto Said displaces 5,301 tons, and Is
owned by the Italian Maritime Society
of Genoa. London dispatches ten days
ago reported she had been sunk In the
Mediterranean, but gave no other par
PDKINT5. Dec. 27.-Mlsstonarv Frled
storom telegraphed to Dr. Paul Samuel
Relnsch, the American minister, that
the Scandinavian Alliance . Mission at
I'atseboloug, Mongolia, was surrounded
by bandits, and that the Chinese troops
were unable to furnish protection.
The foreign office Is urging the local
officials to act.
SEVEN PERISH ON
By CI E
RUSH TO BARS,
Wet Goods Offered at Bargain
Prices by South Carolina
SHOPS ARE OVERSTOCKED
Seven States Going Dry on Jan
uary First, Six of Them in
COLUMBIA. S. C, Dec. 27.-Pollce
were called In today In manv counties
to alii In handling the crowds which are
storming the dispensaries before their
closing under the State dry law on Jan-
In many counties the shops were
greatlv overstocked, and as a result
whisky, beer and wines are being sold
at baicaln prices. All dispensaries .must
go out of business January 1. What to
do with the stocks left over Will be one
of the problems before the leelslature.
The last legislature passed what In
known as the "gallon-a-month" law.
which gives a citizen the right to receive
one gallon of whlskv or beer a month.
A member of the coming legislature will
introdure n bill to rpduen ihl. tn mmrt.
The Stale went drv in last September's
The present county dispensary system
was founded twenty-tlvo yeais ago by
Senator Ben It. Tillman, then governor.
Water Wagon Rumble
On Lope to Saloons
CHICAGO. Dec. 27. Sl Western
States bought liquor at high speed to
day in preparation for the extension of
the water wagon route to CoIoraJo.
Iowa. Washington, Oregon, Idaho and
Aikansas, January 1.
The six States, voted dry by legula
tuies, are preparing to enforce the laws
which become effective ut n idnight De
With South Carolina, which also be
comes dry January 1. and Virginia,
where prohibition is effective Novem
ber 1, 1916, nineteen States will be In the
! nnlntMM Vrii(lBln rl1lftrntn .
.Michigan, South lakota, Vermont- Jtnd4?,e"ei,electloM-
the Territory of Alaska will vote on
State-wide prohibition next year, they
have already announced, and several
other States are expected to ballot on
The seven States whli-h board the
wateicRit next trlday midnight, add a
population of 8,254,043 to tho dr ranks
according to the 1910 census.
Ready to Put Lid on
In Three States of
PORTLAND. Ore., Dec. 27. In three
Pacific Northwest States, preparations
for clamping down the State prohibition
lid on the night of December 31 were
completed today by saloonmen and pub
lic officials alike. For several months
every liquor stbre haa been emblazoned
with a banner advising citizens to
"stock up for the drought."
The champagne supply Is exhausted.
So is the supply of tables In cafes for
next Friday night, New Tear eve. At
11 o'clock that night many saloon men
plan to give away the remainder of
Some Oregon liquor houses wilt move
to California to do mail order business.
The law allows a family to receive two
quarts of whisky or wine and twenty
four quarts of beer every four weeks.
Idaho "Wets" Still
Fighting to Keep State
Off the Water Wagon
BOISE, Idaho. Dec. 27. Idaho's 20Q
saloons will close next Friday under
the "drum tight" prohibition law
passed by the last legislature. The
wets have not yet given up the tight.
An attack on the law Is now before
the United States Supreme Court on
Idaho has no prohibition amendment
in its constitution. Such an amendment
will be voted on next November.
Arkansas to Become
A Sahara When Clock
Marks Midnight Friday
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Df(C. 27. The
remaining 136 saloons In Arkansas will
be'closed at midnight Friday under the
most stringent prohibition law In the
United States. Under local option elec
tions, all "but six of the seventy-five
counties In the State have been dry for
The new law profides one year In the
penitentiary for violations and prohibits'
courts from suspending sentences or
from continuing cases on pleaso of
guilty on the first oftensa. Clubs are
prohibited from serving drinks to mem
bers. DETAILED TO TEACH
Capt. Albeit C. Thompson. Jr , com
manding officer of the 103d Coast Ar
tillery nt Fort Howard, Md.. wna de.ilg-'
natcd today as inspector Instmctor of
the Coast Artillery .Militia of the Dis
trict He will icport to the command
ing officer of the District mllltle. and
to the chief cf the division 01 mliltla
affairs for duty on January 1.
The detailing nt Prtntaln Thompson
for this duty was brought about t-v the
transfer of Capt. Mailbciough Church
ill. Mold urtllleiy. Hum duty wltn tho
District ml'llla to duty In Paiii with
the force of army observer.
Fate Lies in Conscription
Newspapers Continue in Attack
Upon Present Heads of
LLOYD-GEORGE IS FAVORED
"Too Late" Slogan in Campaign
of Munitions Minister for
I.ONDON, Dec. 27.-The Asqulth min
istry was under heavy attack today.
Using David Lloyd-George's charge,
"too late." as their slogan, Influential
London newsDPPers have launched a
campaign for a leorganixatlon of the
ministry. Only prompt, decisive action
b the cabinet council tonight on .the
conscription issue can save the prime
minister and several of his colleagues
from letlremenl, several newspapers
Lloyd-Ueor-je himself, once an object
of scorn among the Br tlsh "upper
classes," probably will become the head
of the government If Asqulth Is forced
Fails to Bring Enough.
Despite prcv Inns optimistic reports, it
was hinted in government circles today
that the I-otd Dctb'y recruiting cam
paign did not bring Into the army the
number of oluntcers needed. The very
fact that the government has not pub
lished the lesults apparently confirms
this irport. The cabinet council. It was
generally understood, will be called
upon tonight to meet the conscription
The conscrlptlonist advocates demand
ed today that there be no further side
stepping. The government should not
attempt to evade responsibility, they.is-
scrled, by submitting tne nurntwrtto a
eneij election, on tne omer nana,
the anti-conscriptionlsts pointed to the
threats of the labor chiefs and the
speech of tho Irish lender, John Red
mond, in commons as Indicating the
danger facing adoption of compulsory
Unless the situttlon Is met tonight the
leaders now In opposition to Premier
Asqulth expect to renew the light on
the prime minister in commons, reopen
ing discussion of the Dardanelles and
The Northcliffe and other leading
London papers have rallied to the sup-
(Contlnued on Second Page.)
Lull Along Border Presages
Drive Reports of Athens'
LONDON. Dec. 27. Italian
troops landed at Arlona hare
crossed the Albanian mountains
and reached the Greek frontier
in southern Albania, the Athens
correspondent of the Telegraph
LONDON, Dec. 27. Conflicting re
ports come from Athens today as to
the probable course of the Greek
gqvernment In the event of a Bulgar
Former Premier Gounarls, who holds
the reins of power. Is quoted by one
correspondent as declaring that Greaco
will deal firmly with such a situation.
Another report from Athens said
that King Constantino had wired the
Kaiser that he would not consent to
Bulgarian or Turkish troops cross
ing the Greek frontier.
Still another dispatch said that the
Greek government had given Its con
sent to a Bulgarian Invasion, Ger
many having promised to force tne
Bulgars to withdraw after accomp
lishing their object.
The lull along the Greek border
SERB KING GUEST
OF ITALY'S RULER
Aged Balkan Monarch Carried
From Italian Warship in
PARIS. Dec. 27. King Peter of Sei'ola
has arrived In Italy aboard an Italian
warship, according to Rome dispatches
today. Mle plans to visit Rome and then
go to the Royal villa at Caserta, which
was placed at his disposal by King Vic
The King had to.be carrl.d from the
shin in an iirm chair, according to a
press dispatch. He told correspondents
thRt he had turned authority over to
the Crown Prince Alexander. If his
nhyslclans permit, he.plnrn to go to tfa
lonlkl to confer with the Serbian min
ister of war.
Rale Nears End;
tBHr jli. . -l -j -ill
VHF ..StttthJHIV A :. -mk ':' ' -Hll
XMr K. '? ' ? Ws&f-v'' " " ill
NS. M v (- t i-',' & .-I jy
Alsace Soldiers Hurl
Christmas Shells As
Families . Ho I'd Eetes
William Philip Slmms. of the United Press, was the only American corre
spondent permitted to visit on Christinas Day the French front in A'lsace, where,
at present, the heaviest rtghtlne In Ku rope is in progress. Only one other
.orrescondent. the official representative of all the English newspapers, won
tho ioeted permission.
By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS.
WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN ALSACE, Dec. 27. Under an
abominable, warm drizzle, and with thawing snow, except on the
peaks and high passes, the oddest and most impressive Christmas
Alsace has ever known has come and gone. The world has wit
nessed few more dramatic Yulctides than in this coveted corner of the
war. While soldiers from the lines forgot the birthday of Jesus,
grimly calculating ranges in a ceaseless artillery duel, and softly
swearing over their misses, happy Alsatian families, a, 'thousand
yards in the rear, dressed Christmas trees and sang old-time carols,
happy over their return to France.
THOUSANDS AT MIDNIGHT MASS.
While enormous munitions columns,
heedless alike of Christmas and Christ
mas Eve. In the ceaseless drizzle, tolled
across the Jura and Vosges mountalnsj
crowds packed the cathedrals at mid
night mass, praying for the new-come
armies under the banners of France.
White the great pipe organs trumpeted
"La Delivrance" and "Le Noel." by
Adam, guns on Hartmannswellerkopf
boomed an accompaniment like the roar
of distant surf.
Belasco never staged anything as dra
matic as this.
On Christmas Eve I watched the bom
Homeless, Without Food, and
Crops a Failure for Two
ROME. Dec. 27. At least 150.000 Al
banians have starved to death In the
last year, and the same fate awaits an
equal number during the coming year,
according to W. W. Howard, owner of
the American relief schooner Albania,
Howard has just reached Rome after
distributing 200 tons of Hour to the
"The crops have been a failure for
the past two years," said Howard. "To
the normal population of 1,000,000 have
been added 200,000 Serbian refugees, who
arrived without food and possessing
only worthless Serbian money. And
they brought with them 20,000 Austrian
prisoners, who must bo fed.
"Two years ago the Greeks destroyed
223 villages in the Herat district, and
tho Serbs more than 100 villages In the
Sanjac region. That has left a Joint
population of over 200,000 which Is today
homeless and without food. Those peo
ple are dying by the thousands."
While Howard was unloading his
Hour cargo at Durazzn he fed several
thousand Serbians and their Austrian
BY THE THOUSANDS
bardment of German positions north of
Altklrch. Through the ranee-finder the
houses of the cltv seemed only across
the street. The public square was dls-
tlncth; vlJlhte. It wai deiierted save for
the passage of a few vehicles or German
soldiers scurrying across, eager to get
under cover before the drizzle recom
menced. This was the only place where
the Germans were always visible.
"That last shot was beautiful, mag
nificent a bull's eye to the hair." an
officer was saying over the telephone to
the distant batteries as we entered the
While the French guns continued
hurling Christmas gifts of high exnlo-
Islves toward the Germans, some one In
the party quoted the "Peace on earth:
gooa win toward men, ' to a young
French officer, a graduate of the St. Cvr
Military School In the month when the
war began, but now a veteran captain,
decorated with the war cross and Le
gion of Honor.
"You think man-killing and Christmas
anachronisms?" he smiled.
"Well. Americans thought perhaps an
unofficial truce would be observed In
honor of the occasion," was suggested.
(Continued on Second Page.)
PARIS. Dec. 27. French artillery
bombarded the German works at
Bioncourt and Gremencey, In Lor
raine, throughout the night, this
afternoon's communique reported.
"The hostilities which thus far have
consisted only of cannonades, may take
on a more serious form," says the
Temps In a military review. "The wind
la blowing from the cast, which will
permit the enemy to use asphyxiating.
duo. j i m, mrii, me inusi elementary
prudence for us to be ready with masks
and mun the batteries.
"It Is not known where the enemy
will attempt the supreme- effort. Tho
Noyon point on tho front nearest Paris
may bo selected, as well as the English
line at Yrres. f nd it Is possible that tho
Champagne will be chosen as a field of
luittlo. The condition at the ground,
which Is thoroughly soaked and almost
impracticable In certain regions, also
will play a part In the dcc'ion of the
enemy. Nowhere will the Fiench be
surprised by an attack, as we are on
guard along the entire front"
FRENCH GUNS SHELL
S PLEA MADE
Vice President Extends Wel
come to Representatives of
Twenty-one Nations Wants
a New Columbus.
Lansing Lauds Monroe Doc
trineGay Colors Mark
Opening Scene at Confer
ence of Delegates.
Representatives of the twenty
one republics of the Western Hem
isphere gathered in Washington to
day to locate, through scientific dis
cussion "a new Columbus, with a
loyal crew, who is going to dis
cover a new Pan-America."
This, at least; was the mission
laid down by Thomas R. Marshall,
Vice President of the United
States, in his address of welcome at
the formal opening at Memorial
Continental Hall to the second
Pan-American Scientific Congress.
A new Pan-America, drawn to
gether by a common opportunity
and linked with bonds of mutual
understanding and reciprocal sym
pathies was the goal which Vice
President Marshall set up for the
congress to attain, and from 'the en-
Ithtrsiasm witilVwhiclv'the delegates
to -jthe- rongress-'plujigctfnto' their
work every one of the sciences rep
resented in the meeting is going to
be drawn on for material.
ALL WILL CONTRIBUTE. '
Astronomy and physics, chemistry and
psychology, medicine and meteorology,
geology and biology are all expected to
contribute their share toward the up
building of a new and broader community
of interest between the nations on this
side of the globe.
Standing forth as the host and patron
of the congress, the United States Gov
ernment, through Secretary of Slato
Lansing, signalized the opening of the
congress by proclaiming anew the Mon
Mr. Lansing evoked prolonged ap
plause when, speaking slowly and de
liberately and amid a hush of profound
interest on the part of his auditors, he
declared that the Monroe Doctrine,
which has stood unchallenged for tour
decades, is to be perpetuated with all
the vigor and strength that the United
States can command.
Display of Color.
The opening session of the congrasa
was stayed 4n a scene of gorgeous floral
and color display. The ambassador
and ministers from the South and Cen
tral American republics, sat on the
stage with Vice President Marshall and
Secretary of State Lansing, pyramided
behind them were the silken banners of
the twenty-one nations, and standing lit
the wings were United States marines i.t
dress uniform, each holding a United
States flag. At each end of the stage
"stood a huge basket of American
Beauty loses, while along the frunt edku
of tne pltiorrri ran a naming uorder oi
in me pa, ochlnd tho brilliantly uni
foimed Marine Band, sat the uc;cgatc.i
ana then wives, nervous, Hniiated
Latin-American men, who twirleu their
mustaches and upplauued frequently,
darK-eyed, ollve-sKinned women with
Pushing eves ana tun icd lips, cllm,
blond or giay-nalrcd Amuiicdii scien
tists, with their wives and smut 11,.
Seated here and thcie tluoughout the
auuitorluni were biilituntiy uiiuoimc.l
otucers of the army ami nav, untie,
out in the lono,, ineic were constantly
arriving groups oi visitors rcpicseni
my ever nationality in the estern
No Real Business.
As it was the opening session, thn
real business of the congiess will not
get under way until this afternoon. All
during1 the forenoon and up until lite
hour (or luncheon theic were the au
di esses ot welcome and the responses
long set speeches coucned in terms of
felicitations, those ot the Vice Presi
dent and Mr. Lansing reicrnng alwa
to the strong bond of interest between
North and South America; and those
of the Latin-American, diplomats, run
ning In similar vein.
There was much that could not be
understood, for the diplomats read then
speeches in Kngllsh, over which aft
the stenographers despaired, and which
was as hard for the Americans as the
Latin-Americans in the audience to un
derstand. Applause, however, was
Wire From Wilson.
Kmphasilng tho importance which
the United States Government attaches
to the meeting, the following tejegram
was received from President Wilson
after the session had got well under
way, and read from the platform,;,
"Please present my warmest greet
Ing to the delegates to the Pan-American
Scientific Congress and extend
xml | txt