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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, TUESDAY; DECEMBER 28; 1915.
W$tyvdin$tmWim& tfOBLISHED EVERY EVENING (Including Stindsyt) By 'aTio Washlngton'Tiincs Company, TUB MUNSEVBUILDiNO,' refills. 'v. FRANK A. HUNSEY, President. R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasurer. One Yr (Including Sunday). M.SO. Elx Months, t.:5. Threa Months. 0o. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1015. REAL PROSPERITY, .MARKET Now York Central shares touched the highest quotation yesterday that they have known sinco 1910. Penn sylvania, Baltimore and Ohio, Read ing", and Union Pacific were at high spots; United States Steel and other industrials, 'alpng with various of the war stocks, showed correspond ing strength. ) It was the sort of market that re flects general prosperity. There were no dominating- specialties, no war stocks sky-hooting to impossible levels; Steel, which seemB to have been determined to avoid identifying Its fortunes with the uncertainties -of the "war brides," was a leader; and the best of the rails "were all in excellent form. The market, in short, told of good times in every section and in the widest range of enterprises. The United States is ending the old year and passing into the now in, a form that proifiises to make 1916 the banner development season of its history. HUMAN SIDE OP SCIENCE Men who speculate on all sorts of abstruse phenomena aro in Wash ington this week. The layman is al most encouraged to do a little specu lative thinking on .his own accourit. Scientists, after all, aro pretty human, only they don't always know it. There's the rub. Scientists, for example, sometimes scorn that, simple, annal of the poor, the daily mfcwspaper. They cannot see the benefit of reading what Mrs. Get-Rich-Quick wore at her gold fish dinner last evening. Neither can they understand the interest of the strap hanger in the gyrations of some new cabaret dance, or whether this week's society debutante has blue eyes or brown. But shift the scene a thousand, or f half a million, years, and tHe scien tist is aroused with a start. Leave society and the telegraph editor be hind (or ahead) and call it ethnol ogy or anthropology, and then you have the scientist enthralled in the' most racy and gossipy tidbits about jthoBo dubious snake dances of the Hopis, or the evening gowns of the American aborigines. A scientist would scorn to read about tho-amily affairs of the latest Presidential 'candidate; but turn back the clock a few thousand years and "The Eye and Hair Color in Children of Old Americans" is worth volumes to him. Patent medicine advertisements would fill this scientist's idea of noth ing to read.; but "Herb Medicine Practices of the -Northeastern Al gontyuins" is worth half an hour be fore the world'3 most renowned savants. These few thoughts are not pre sented in a spirit of pique. Even the worst Philistine in science looks with tolerant eyo on the man who spends twenty years deciphering a hieroglyphic. Why, then, do the scientists need a psychologist to teach them a similar kindliness for the later day ethnologist of the Sun day colored section, or the anthropo logical commuter? ANOTHER GREAT SIEGE: SALONIKI Saloniki today hears its streets and mountain walls echo tho tramp of Anglo-French divisions and Ger man armies, instead of Greek pha lanxes, Roman legions, and Turkish janissaries. Otherwise, Saloniki is going through an experience so fa miliar as almost to warrant it, look ing back two or three thousand years, in yawning. Possessing one of the great har bors of tho eastern Mediterranean, nut always barred from first-class political significance by the over weening importance of Constanti nople, Saloniki has been for many centuries a commercial city. Al though it has expanded and modern ized vastly in the last half century, it was probably a larger and more important city a thousand years ago than today. . History somehow .manages to de vise few novelties; it has been going on too long, and its channels for great doings are too well marked. When Rome was seeking empire in the east as Prussia is now, Saloniki was captured, in the third century, and made a dependency of the em piro; before that, it had been for centuries an important part in the history of old Macedonia, of which it was and is the metropolis. In the long, dreary period 'of Rome's de-Jtarian treatment of ship, crew, or caying power, Saloniki stood as one passengers has been flung to the of the impregnable outposts of west- wind, shows how desperately detcr crn civilization against the incur-1 mined are the Germanic powers, cioss of the barbarians; and long af- They arc going to win at all hazard; tcr Romo had fallen it withstood a long and fearful siego by the Slavk or Tartar tribes. Almost an oven thousand years ago a Bulgarian Em peror led his armies against Salon- iki; and when the Saracens, made their tremendous onslaught on Eu rope thoy took Saloniki at one end of tho Mediterranean, -as they did Spain at the other. Linked generally to the fortunes of the Byzantine empire after the transfer of power from Romo to tho east, Saloniki passed to the control ofth'o Turks even before thoy suc ceeded in their assaults on the By zantine capital. It remained Turkish until the (recent Balkan wars won it to Greece. Its importanco to Romo lay in tho fact that it was an entrepot' on ono of tho great direct trade routes to the east; precisely tho reason that makes it surpassingly important to ,tho belligerents of today. It has been the scene of various sieges, and of a number of fearful massacres. When the Saracens took it they sold its people into slavery and practi cally exterminated the community. The recent horrors in Armenia'sug- gest, by comparison, tho march civil ization has made in the intervening thousand years: the' Armenian atrocities aro enough moro awful and extensive to be worthy of the splendid twentieth century! Ancient Saloniki finds itself, t-hen. in quite an accustomed posture; .the prize of warring empires. It'.is' on tho eve of a siege that may prove as important as any the world has seen and storied; perhaps a turning point m a war that already has dwarfed all conflicts of thq past. LOS CIENTIPICOS PAN-AMERICANOS Poco tiempo haco que Ios peritos fiscalcs del Hcmisferio Occidental so reunieron en la ciudad do Washing ton Hamados para tratar de prom blcmas del Nuevo Mundo, aunquc originados en el Viejo esa reunion trato de una nucva interdependencia de las Americas entre si, diferen- ciandose de esa manera del Viejo Continentc. La idea de que las naciones del Hcmisferio Occidental tienen muchos cosas en comun y de que al mismo tiempo hay una linea bien marcada entre intereses e instituciones Eu- ropcas, se arraign cada dia mas y mas. Hubo un periodo larger a pesar de obvias semcianzas cnte toHos estos nuevos paiscs que trataban el mismo experimento democratico y que su misma juventud los obligo a depender do Europa para poder rccibir los medios nccesarios a su dcsarrollo. Europa fue cl almaccn del dinero disponiblc. El Nuevo lo necesitaba y alii, ' unicamento lo podia conseguir. Asi fue como se dcsarrollo una de pendencia cconomica en vez de politicia y probablcmente cada uno de los paiscs Europeos que habia pcrdido colonias en el Nuevo Mundo, comprendio al fin que era mucho mejor apadrinar esos nuevos paises economicamente que politicamente. Por consiguiente America se cn contro atada por un nuevo y mas sutil lazo a los destinos del conti nentc paternal. Incvitablcmente la intimidad comcrcial fue acompanada por un dcsenvolvimicnto constant intelcctual constante y por rclacioncs socialcs que, a consecuencia de no ser cmbarasadas por diferencias politicas, se hicicron mas fucrtcs. La guerra Europca so interpuso rudamente con cstas bien cstablc- cidas relacione?. Como nunca hasta ahora, las 'Americas se encontraron depentlientes de sus propios rc cursos do vecindad y hacienda. Los paises menorcs han tenido que tornar a los Estados Unidos para obtener todos los productos que antes obtcnian do Europa. Ahora, en el Congrcso Cientifico Pan Americano se ha visto la siguicnte evolucion de csta nueva intimidad; su proyeccion en el campo intelcctual y cientifico, en dondc indudablcmcnte producira una' amistad has defini dades, simpaticas y duraderas. Con fespecto a esto, la reunion cientifica a la cual se dio comienzo hoy con delegacioncs de mas do veintc paises amcricanos, asume ahora una im portancia no sccundada por ningun otro do los pasados ncontecirmentos Pan-amcricanos. YET MORE SUBMARINE MURDER The sinking of tho French steamer Villa de la Ciotat, without warning, and with the loss of eighty lives, was evidently accomplished by an Austrian submarine, for it is posi tively stated that there are no Ger man underwater craft in the Medi terranean. However, the flag is of little importance; there is no differ ence between savagery under tho Austrian and savagery under the German emblem. The persistence of submarine out rages, which have involved neutral as well as belligerent craft, and in which latterly all regard for human! and thoy know no method by which to do it save that of terrorism. Are they going to bo permitted to ter rorize, ,tho whole world?' Is it pos sible that civilization viy yield be fore this assault of barbarism, which jit could ropol and crush if only it wci-o Huuicicniiy ucicrminca i It has become a wider issue than when the United States stood as the great noutral with a grievance. It is now tho affair and tho grievance of tho whole civilized world. Gerj many and Austria propose nothing less than to make. the seas uninhabit able, unusable, by the commerce of tho world, if that course will hblp them win tho war. To accomplish what thoy purpose will be to break down the whole theory that the ocean is the common highway of world trade. While Berlin prattles about "freedom of the seas" Ger many is smashing every convention, law, and tradition that has grown up ih international nrnetirn nn Thnlwnrlra against plain piracy. Tho buccaneer wno looted his prize and' made hier blindfolded captives walk the plank was almost humane compared with the nation that sends its monsters of tho deen to ncrnctrate murrW hv the wholesale, not for' gain, not for n:iiHary.,aavnntage, not for the sake 6f naval CninR. hut for t.rin ohnnr , ,-- ... M. .,. purpose of driving unmitigated hor ror into the hearts of all men. This is become a situation in which tho United States. Janan. and every other country has an interest as deep as. the concern that civiliza tion may not perish. There has never been a time when the world'B com mon highway was so important to all the world as now: and never in civilized times has there becn'so de termined, so malignant an effort to destroy everything that has been built upon the conception of real freedom of tho seas. GENERAL ELECTION IN ENO LAND The extreme life of a British par liament is seven years; the mandate of the present parliament will ex pire in the early days of tho new year, unless it is extended. Few par liaments in the ' country's history have lived through the seven-year period; most of them succumb to political reverses and arc retired long before the statutory period in order to get the country's verdict on new issues, or new treatment of old. A general election under present circumstances in England would be an unmitigated misfortune. Several months ago, realizing this, the coa lition government had introduced a bjll ,fco extend the life of the present parliament eight months, which can be .done, under the British system. That' measure has passed the com mons, but not yet the lords. Now there is acute division in the cabinet, not on political or party lines) but over military matters. The conscriptionists are insisting that there must be strict adherence to the promise, made some time ago, that if the Derby plan of recruiting did not produce the necessary additions to the army, conscription would be adopted. Feeling is strong that, despite optimistic assurances, the plan has not been entirely success ful. Detailed figures have never been given. The danger of a crisis that would force a general election suddenly looms large. There is demand for Lloyd-George as national leader. He is a conscriptipnist, and suddenly is become the beau ideal of the ram pageous imperialists, just as he was a little while ago their bete noir. They know he would fight as hard ami effectively for the empire as ever he fought for his radical ideas. They are talking a good deal in England about the precedents set by American experience in the civil war. America had to resort to the draft, a form of conscription, when the war was about half over; so why not Britain? If that argument is good as' to conscription, why not the argument that, as a general election in the midst of war, was a bad thing for America, it will be bad for England? There is little doubt that the ener gies of the North were . distracted during, tho later months of 1863 be cause of the impending campaign in 1864. Politics had to be played with officers, with State legislatures, with State organizations. Both sides played it, and it was demoralizing in the extreme. There have been commentators willing even to aver that Gettysburg and Vicksburg would have been the beginning of a much quicker end to the struggle if it had hot been for the enervating influence of too much politics. Our British friends might well take this leaf from American ex perience, and study it carefully. They arc able to avoid a general election; America was not. Seven Chinese Provinces Reported in Rebellion SAN I'ltANCISCO. Dec. 2S.-A cable gram received by Tong King Chong, president of the Chinese nopubllo As boclatfon. from revolutionary leaders In Shanghai, xtated thut a total of seven province hud declared themselves against the new Chinese monarchy. In icaponae to telegrams sent to mill, truy leaders In tho provinces by the hunghal hcadqiialteis, it wns ald, active, suppuil of tho revolution was promised. A REAL NEWSPAPER, BUT IT'S DIFFERENT Printed in Spanish and English, ' No Advertisements, Limited Circulation. A new dally newspaper made It ap pearance In Washington this mornlng tho Hullctln of tho fan-American Scientific Congress. Its circulation l limited to a few thousand copies. It carries no advertisement, except notlw-H connected with tho program for tho en tertainment of the congress, and Its cpst Is nothing to tho delegates of the congress and tho attaches to whom It Is necessary. But it Is a real newspaper with a real newspaper man at the head of its editorial force and is printed in two languages Spanish and Kngllsh. This morning's paper contains a com plete reporl of the proceedings con nected with tho opening of the congress yesterday, with tho speeches of Vice President Marchalt, Secretary of State Lansing, Ambassador Suurcz and tho heads of nil tho official delegation responding to tho addresses of welcome, In full. Ihe Bulletin's society reporter was on the Job with n. complcto Btory Of last night's reception at the Pan American Union and of tho other and private functions that wero given In honor of visiting delegations or dele gates. An Important department of tho paper Is devoted to a summary of what will happen today at tho various section meetings as well as the entertainments, to bo given to the delegates. Tho Pally Bulletin will bo a dally affair for every day of th congress up to and Including tho day after its closing. Tho designer or tho bulletin and its editor-in-chief Is John Vavasour Nocli one of the btst known American novs papcr men on the west coast of South America really a Pun-Amorlcan. newspaper man, an he received hi training; in this country and then went to South Arrcrlca, whuio lie be came one of tho lending- Journalist of the southern continent. Mr. Noel was at one tlmo tho editor of threu publications In Lima, one of them he mp u' monthly magazine. Ho is at present tho editor and owner of tho West Coast leader, ono of tho moHt Influential newxpapeis In South America, and stands very high with the business men; educators, and statesmen of nil the South American countries. 'Ie came to the United States about a year ago to look after business Interests and In the interests of I'an-Amcricanir.m, and lias .not yet been ablo to tettirn to Peru. Director John Barrett of tho Pan American Union regards Mr. Noel as' one (if the priatoHt practical aids to the Pan-American Union, nnd he ex pressed hlmaclf yesterday as being Particularly fortunate In having- Mr. Noel hero at this time, because when Assistant Sccrotary Glen Levin Swlg gett became 111 Sunday und was forced to Rive up his duties as or ganisation Kec.retury of the congress.. Mr. Noel wan placed In charge, and' despite hi many other duties was able to direct the work of the or ganization without a hitch. AIDEolGlPTO Corps of Guides Attends to All 1 Details of Social and Busi ness Engagements. N'ot the least Interesting feature of the arrangements for the comfort and en tertainment of the delegates to the Pan Arncrlcan Scientlnc Congress has been thf complete wav in which tho commit tee In charge ha provided for the calo of the visitors especially thee who are unable to-spcak English or speak It with difficulty. Likewise, the visitors who are unac unnlhterl with tho social and business customs of this country will find alls! th!r worries and all their trouMis taken from their shoulders and looked after by a rapable corps of rmploves or special aides. Kvrv visiting delegation has a guide, philosopher, and friend as signed to it who is supposed to attend to e'vcrv detail of the visitors' business and social engagements while he is In Wash ington. And this guide has been c lcct"d with special reference o his fa mlllnritv with tho customs of tho coun try from which the visitors hat so be will know exaetlv what his barge want to have clone for them and what they would prefer to do for themselves. All Comforts Arranged. The accommodations tor tho visitors havo been provided for at the various hotels, nnd the aide nstdg-ird to them has a room In tho same hotel and 'a on duty twenty-four hours of the dsy. At tho headquarters of tho co'icr". at the New Willaril. coniplcto airanucments have beon made for looking a.'tcr every thing connected with tho stay of the delegates 111 the cltv. A branch nostofflce devoted to the needs of the concrrcss aline, with elerks who speak Fngllsh. Spanish, Trench, and Portuguese, has been established near the P atret ntranc of tho hotel. ITc-e. too. are telegraph offices vllh linguists in charg and direct telegraphic connection with nil sections of tho world that can be. reached by telegraph wires. The South or Central merlean business man can reach his establishment by telegraph from the congrcss'onal tele graph rooms. In addition to tho tele graphic nnd postal conveniences, a branch of tho American Express Com pany has. been established with facilities for operating the express, railroad ticket nnd banking departments of tho con gress. Railroad tickets to H'1-narts of tho. world can be purchased, nnd bank ing arrangements made with bunka In nnv of the countries represented by delegates. Work of Summers. The committee of aides is under tho direct charge of United States Consul General Madden Summers, who was re called from San Paulo, Brazil, to es tablish this department and opcrato It during the congress. Mr. Summers Is working under tho general direction of Boaz Ing, United .States minister to Salvador, who was also brought to this couptry to help out with ,ho general ar rangements for tho congress." Tho assignments include; Argentina, William Dawson and William 11. Bob crtson; Bolivia, John Heath: Brazil, Oeorgo A. Chamberlain and S. W. Ilonakcr. Chile, John B. Henderson, Walter Wilcox, and Perry Bclden; Co lombia, Mohlon Mai tin; Costa Blcn, Harry W. Van Dyko; Culm, J. L. Kodg crs and Arthus Thompson; Dominican republic, Stewart-Johnson; Kciindor. Charles M Pepper; Guatemala and Hal vador. Major William llelnko; Haiti, Lelnnd Ilairisou; Honduras, lloss nnzeltlnpi Mexico, George Guyei'; Nica ragua. Henry P, starrctt; ' Panama. John Heath. Paraguay, John B. lien doi'sou, Peru. Ignatius John Costlgan, Uruguay, George Qujcr, and Vcncvuela, Rom Ilueltin. Mtf VlfflGIlffim DELEGATES WILL BE (jUEST ST THEOTEI t. i 'K'fr American Contingent Will Be Host cat, National pn Frid&y. Evening! the delegates to the Pan-American Scientific Congress and their ladles are to bQ tho guests at a gala performance of tho, .new musical comedy, '.'Sybil,'' with' Julian Bandorsofj, Donald Brian, and Joseph Cawthorn as tho stars, 'at tho New National Theater Friday even Ing. The entire houso has been purchased by tho members of tho American dele gation to tho congress,, who will thus entertain tholr colleagues from South and Central America, Vice Prcsldont Marshall and every mqmber of tho Cabinet as well as tho members of the Diplomatic Corps of tho South and Central American countries will bo present. Tho theater is to bo especially deco rated for tho event In flags and bunt ing,' and there will bo garlands of flow ers and other floral decorations. Tho" performance of tho now comedy -will bo mado especially Interesting by addi tional features for this special occa ELIOT AOVOCATES SENSE D EVELOPWENT Tells Educational . Section of . Congress There Is Too Much Book-Learning. The education of tht senses those faculties of accurate observation and proportion Instead of so much book learning -was advocated In a paper by Dr, Charles W. Eliot, president emeri tus of Harvard, at the first meeting of the educational section of the Pan American Scientific Congress at the Pan-American Union building this morning, Tho advent of mechanical power and machinery has done much to Impair tho sense development of the pupil in tho secondary schools, Dr. Kllot dcclalrcd, and ono of tho greatest needs of American secondary education is a means of developing this senso quality again. The secondary, schools of America are giving from one-sixth to one-tenth of their force to observa tional, sense-training subjects, he said. To correct tho deficiencies Dr. Eliot urg6d the introduction of more hand, car, and eye work, such as drawing, carpentry, turning, music, sewing, and cooking, and the allotting of more tlmo to the sciences of observation, chem istry, physics, biology, and geography, not political, but geological and ethno logical geography, In .secondary schools situated In the country an Important pln'cd, it was said, sliould be given to agriculture, o pupils working In school gardens M-d experimental plots. In city schools, said Dr. Eliot, the boy should not b familiarized with the details of actual work In any ono trade, but by giving him an all-round bodily vigor, a nerv ous system should be developed that would make him capable of multiform co-ordinated efforts, a liking for doing his best In competition with hi mates, and a widely applicable skill of eye and hand. LIVES OF DELEGATES Stedman Hanks' Card Index - Contains Biography in Brief of Every One. The history of the Americas' great men are In the keeping of Stedman Hanks, assistant secretary of tho Tan Amcilcau Scientific Congress, and grand custodian of the card Index. With forethought his associates con sider little short of marvelous, Mr. Hanks has compiled a most extensive system of rards on which will be found most things relntlng to any dele Rate that can be obtained by consulting' nil tho "Who's Whos" of this hemis phere. , If It Is desired to know where the per son Inquired of got his education, what books ho has written, If any, .what ho does when at home, how many lang uages he speaks; If he has a wife and family or expects to have a wife; if ho has sisters, or a brother-in-law -who Is famous any and everything about any of tho great men of tho Americas Mr. Hanks has the data. He has them worked oit In the most careful way, and so briefly put that on consulting one of the cards for half a minute a stranger Is qualified to talk to any one of the delegates like an old family friend, and to know Just which of tho four languages that are being worked Into proceedings of the congress Is .the best to use In conveying the greeting. In addition to having collected all this miscellaneous information regard-1 Ing the delegates, Mr. Hanks Is also the dispenser of social privileges, as he has charge of the work of securing for the delegates tho cards of admission and Invitations to all social functions .to bo given during tho congress. Like wise he' is . pastnmster of tho arts of tho diplomatist, as, ho Is n'lilo to sooth tho ruffled feelings of delegates who havif not received all' .tho Invitations they think they should, and to Btralght cn out any littlo difficulties that do vast an undertaking as cntettolnlng a varied assortment of nationalities in a quartet of languages involves.. -J Mr. Jlanks can do all this, In cither of tho languages or all of them as the ocr easlbn requlre'H. maintaining tlic while nn unruffled demeanor and giving each of Ills visitors such Individual and per sonal attention that each feels he has j'cpclvcd Bpeulal favor. ' . - - -- - . Car Asks Roumania to Intervene For Allies P.OME. Dec W.-Czar Nicholas has sent Ambassador Schcleko to Ilucharest with a personal meusago to tho Itou manlnn King asking him to Intervene oi the sido of tho allies, according to Information reaching here today. TTorAllen Hurt. Thomas G. Allen, aged evcnty-two. of llfOi New Jersey avenue, was badly hurt when a pile of boxes fell on him late yesterday In tho General Land Office, where he is employed. Ho was taken to Emergency Hospital. RAIN Rio KEEPING : fflffilJi JELS Swiss, Waiters, With' Diction aries,,, ,'HeJp,: Delegates in Ordering Meals.' if t-,1 f Spanish, with what tnlghf bo called a full-jeweled Swiss, movement In accent. Is tho language, of tho, icafua of. Wash ington during tho sessions cl tho Pan American Sclcutlflo Congress and throughout tho courso of thd service hours in all hotel dlnlng-rooma Swiss waiters may bo heard translating menu French into Pan-American R'panlsh with the aid of 'a Spanlsh-Kngllsh dic tionary and much urging from tho cap. tains and head waiters, A special courso In Spanish' was neces sary at ono or two of the bote's and cafes where no full-lingual Swiss wore employed. TJio Swiss waiters, who aro graduates of the schools for waiters In Switzerland or of nny of the hotels of that country wero supposed to know Spanish aswellas all the other languages In a waiter's, Kit of accomplishments, but those who aro in Washington have been hero so lonu that It frequontly be comes necessary for tbcm to dodce be hind a palm and lake out u dictionary to discover -what a diner has orrtefted. Another difficulty has sprung up ac cording lo iheso specialists in lan guages. Tho Spnnlsh; spoken in the Americas is slightly different from that taught In tho Europe schools. Dif ferent values are given to certain of the sounds of the letters. p0r Instance, In Europe water Is ahg-wah. but In American It Is nh-wah. In Europe tor tilla Is tortcelyah, nnd hero It Ip tortee-ya-tho 1 sound being dropped alto gether. This doesn't sound Ilka Mich a lot of dlffercnco to people who know no Spanish, but it really, does make a dlffercnco to a person who spoakn the language,- according J these waiters. There are several othir differences of the same character oer which the waiters trip. And the trouble the walt ors experience- hna also been experienced by others familiar with European Span ish as opposed to the Spanish tint Is Bpoken In the Anjerlcas. The. American, accent Is somewhat eofter cxpcrU sav. r IN CAPITAL TODAY Meeting for election of officers, riate Trlnt er" Local, No. i Typographical Tempi. 8 p. m, Addrens, "The Musical Thoueht ot Shake speare." Frank K. Marshall, before Read era' Club. Comstock Btudlo, J p. m. Tea dansant, benefit of Working Boys' Home by board of managers, Playhouse, In M street, near Connecticut avenue northwest, 4 to 7 p. m. Annual meeting, American Nejro' Academy. T. M. C. A.. Twelfth Wt branch. 1C::5 at in. and 7:S0 p. m. Annual meeting. American "Association for !alor Legislation, tMioreham, 10 a. m Fifteenth annual Christmas entertainment. Washington Railway and Electric employes National Theater, s p. m. " Meeting. Central High -School Alumni Asso ciation, in school. 3 p. m. Annual meeting, American Society of Inter national Law. Fan-American Union, J p. m Meeting, North -Capitol and Ecklngton Cltl xfcn' ' Assodatlerm Matthew" gIj Emerv Hchoql. I:0 P. m. -' - "r Convention. American Civic. Association. New Wlllard. 10 a. m. - . ?r - i Convention. International Congress of Ameri canists. New National Museum, 10 a m. Masonic Acacia. No. IS; Hiram, No. 10, spe cial; Almaa Temple. Mystic Mirlne. elec tion; F.lecta. No r, Uethlehem, No. 7; Friendship, No. 17: St. John's Lodge, No. IS. Eastern Star, Odd Fellows Washington. No. ; Golden Rule. No. 21; Amity, No. 27; SYed V. Htuart, No. 7, Kncnmpment. election. Knlghta of Tythlas Webster. No, 7; Kx celsler. No. II; Cpltal, No. It? Myrtle. No. 25, election. Royal Arcanum Oriental Council, Daughters ot Liberty Hope Council, No. 1, Christmas tree celebration. New Tork Avenue Presbyterian Church. "A Perplexing Situation," presented ly C. E. Society of the church, 8 p. m. Amusements. National "Sybil, p. m. Relasco "The Hawk," 8:20 p m'. Poll's "Under- Cover' 2:15 nnd :15 p m Keith's Vaudeville. 2:1& and 8:15 -o. m. Casino "The Revolt." 2:15 and 8:15 p. in. Oayety Burlesque. 2:15 and S:15 p. m. Tomorrow. Convention. American Association for Labor legislation, Shoreham, 10 a. m. Annual meeting. American Socletr for inter national Law, Pan-American Union. S p m Convention. American Civic Association v..iv- Wlllard, 10 a. m. Convention. International Congress of Ameri canists, .CtW .-ationai museum, is a. m. Dance. Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity, chapter house, 8 p. m. Meeting, West End Citizens' Association, Powhatan Hotel. 8 p. m. Christmas dance, Sigma Nu Fraternity, of tieorge vtasnington university. New Cochran Hotel. 8 p. m. ChrlstniRs dance. Senators' Club of Cornell, llalelgh. ft p. in. Meeting, Dloerict Federation of Woman's Club. New Ebbltt. 2 n. m. Meeting. Cltv of Washington Ilranch or the American Pharmaceutical Association. f i street northwest, 8 p m. " Annual meeting, American Negro Academy, Twelfth street branch of the Y. M. C. A., 10:80 a. m, and 7:30 p. in. Masonic Kalllpolls Orotto. short form In itiations and Installation, Chamber of Commerce rooms. Odd Fellows Eastern. No. 7: Harmony, No. 9: Federal City, No. 20, election; Colum bian. No. L Encampment, election. Knights of Pj thlas Mount Vernon. No. 5, election: Friendship Temple. No. 9. ELKS TO USHER IN '16 WITH A BIG DANCE Marine Band Will Furnish a Pro , gram of All the Latest Numbers. With the Marine Band Orchestra to firrnlsh the music. Washington Lodge. No. 15. H. P. O. 12.. Aill Clvo Its Nrw Year Kvo dance at tho 13lks Club, Kil tlnv evening from 830 o'clock until vl OCIOCK. . - .. , C It. Eagle, chairman of the dance committee, has arranged n vailed pro gram of all the latest numbers and in addition there will be a cabaret show t.. 11. . .....tiaisnlifi. -fttli tnlnnt from the various theaters present' to enliven the Slight. Souvanlrs will ue mstriuuieu mm ai making devices will be given out to the guesta to help usher In the new year In proper style. Refreshments will be served by spe cial comnnuces - ol jt.iks, wuiilt iv. 5lnck -will greet the visitors ut the iioor. . '. ,, Central Labor Union To Elect Monday Night Officers wllj bo ejected-and resolutions opposing" the change lu management of Fhrt District Schools and forbidding the sale rff firearms In the 'lllntrlct will be vdted upon at the Urn meeting of tho Central Labor I'nlon In tho new year, ne.-jt Monday night. Tho officers for whom sticicscors will b" named include Id L. Tucker, vre'rtdcnt? John German, v(i"p president John H, Coipo-ta, secretary- Joseph I. Toope financial secie- ' Joseph, L. Clark, ,ert; eant-at-armi. 1 S ON PROGRAM II S.BH IRKlO END AUENIIEh JrT Naturalization Agents Carrying On One of the Government's Greatest Campaigns, ; - By JUDSON C. WB.LIYER.. Thcro aro approximately' thlrtee-ft mil lions or unnaturalized aliens- In tha - United States. . Of these, about ten millions liavoTbeeir t In this country long enough to have b?- j como citizens, but have failed to do so.- Thoro are about oevcntccrv millions of persons of alien birth in this country y only four millions have become .citizens. Among tho aliens resident herej the tendency not to become citizens and-not to take any Interest irf the Government , or tho opportunities tof .citizenship, lias in tho lust two decades become' eg, strong that it is regarded by the.' na turalization authorities as a Very seri ous matter. T ' Would Make Them Citizens.'' A good deal has been said lately about hyphenated Americans. But In truth tho problem concerns those, who have . not cared oven to accumulate, the hy " phen; who for varioun reason's Uo Jiot take enoush interest In our cltlrehshlp to comply with tho easy formulas neces sary to acquire it. ' In the olden iluys of Irish, Scptcli, German and Scandinavian" immigration the newcomers almost universally t6ok steps as early as possible towafd be- . coming citizens, nut the comers.' ,foir southern and, eastern Ktrojne sitojfaJ', lcBfl inclination In thai cl'iroc'ub)u.- Tho Bureau or NattirallsatlonWhlcfa is un instrurncntallty of (He"XrC4atT-" ment of Labor, is engaged in a'-systcm-- atic organisation of the countryr'forj'Uio purpose, first, of gcttiitgilhcse aliens '(in r tcrcstcd In acquiring citizenship ; eecondj . of fitting them or citizenship! thlfdi . ' of making suro 'that -they do.notTbecqmc. ciuzcns uniii incy ore nuea,ann, unav ly. of petting .them made- rnUjicltizeiju. Just as eoon as, thoy ap;,-,l)M.c i.-.liucu. unaur.. conditions that will ' awe." real- ais- - conditions Uiat, win ' aw nil'canco to the .ceremony. Some Data Startling , ' Some of tho data that hay'o bcaiv Ac cumulated by the Bureau incident tttf -this work is Btarttlng;. 'Fov Instance;" Massachusetts has- MLSSfofcl-'Borii." white residents: yet In, ,i9U op.ly ,$,155 applied for pltlzensl'U; rap.ejjy, 'and; otj. t 14,651 applied tor flrsr-ipirpererthadtni, declared their Intrnilon.i pX; bBonTnv citizens. The vast-majority toC-'QUetUi in that good .old sentol patriotic Amor-. icanlsm seem to have no desire- to be come Amcricanst New York city last year had l,0i7,7O? foreign-born whites, out of which num ber only 19,365, or les than one m IOC became natvraliz,ed, und onjy, CWl .de clared their interitlqp qtbeomlnj-; cly, zens. .. 'i f.....,,,! . .,-i 4m. ii Tho supcrintcnflJint oXCThoPlK tecenf- " ly informed tht T urq-vn1TlJaiSirafi'Sic"' ' tlon that there are Bro.Wpcoplo In SJcw York who cannot speak any English', much less read and -write- 1L ISxamplca of this kind, hardly les i'n prcEslvc. could be multiplied in &U parts of the country. The congestion of recently artlved nlicns in tho large centers ha$ rs's,ult,efl-''rr making propor tlons of nori-cUIscns ubhorrhtflly largw" there; so 'that mam -of tlin. j-grcut, s American cities nrcr Iff factvrapWVy ceasing to bo American at all. " Alienism an i-Jvil. 5 It was to remedy this Condition that the Bureau of Naturalization 'was fov tablishcd, less than ten years ago. " It was transferred to tho ppartmentof Labor when that department wascre-1 atcd; and Is now carrying on pne of-the greatest campaigns cv'er undertaken by any arm of the- Uovernmen.la end the . evil of alienism. The abuses of tho naturalization laws which were discovered when this- newt, bureau mado its first mirvey pf th country preliminary to taking up Its big task, were found to be almost beyond belief. Almost no Federal attention Jiatl, been given to tho making ot citizens, despite that the Constitution ,Blye( Con gress full powers. Ono-of tho first ltusa, passed, In 1730, dealt with the sybject. It nns amendod from time to tltnfi"uM.ll In 1S24 the law was placcd-ln practical ly the form in which it retrained nearly a century. This required n declaration of inten tion: then, after two years, tho taking of ilrst papers, und after three years more, final papers; these to he Issued on u hearing In u proper court. Cnder this law all kinds of courts were authorized to make citizens, and In thn most Informal way. Until Immigration became largo nnd the political possi bilities of Juggling tho law wero re alized, thero wero few abuses. t Politicians Got litis?. Then tho politicians busied themselves, and scandalous things happened. In one city tho controlling political party, through a friendly Judge, had piles of blanks Issued, which wero peddled around on election day among aliens, who were actually paid to fill In -tho blanks, which wero signed and sealed In advance! Thus insHnntaneotisly convert ed Into an applicant for citizenship,- tbo alien was given by tho Htato law tho right to vote, lie might have been thcro only a week; might not know -a word of Kngllsh; but no difference, He got paid once for taking out his citizen ship, and ngain for voting ''rlglitl" Somo results of this reckless proced ure were that the lists of people, thus informally turned Into American citi zens would frequently not be reported back to tho court and recorded with the icsult that men would believe yiWi Felves, citizens, but It they lost their papers couiu never prove u, in one case tho officials who had Issued papers in blank In order to got tho alien vote to the polls, being defeated at tho elec tion, promptly cancelled tho. grant pf citizenship! A Western Judge commissioned hlfl son as a, deputy clerk Qt court, fur nished him with n heap of blank nat uralization papers duly signed up, and sent the young man out to' corral M aliens and vote them for tho 'accommo dating Judge! At some American sea port towns citizenship was so easlls procured that a number of cases were discovered In which sea captains. touching hero between voyages, became American citizens while passing, through. In order that they mlgnt be, eligible: o take command of vessels undee the American flag. Abuses of this sou were not rare or exceptional, Thej constituted 'ft"nrmpTmnr,rTn!Ten9T-nhe actUitlcs of gleut p'olUlcaXiiiacliDici in many cities and States. Tho modus operandi iao perfcqtiy famlliHfn.tocy to tha. country polltlclftw. ' ' ' ti - The new, law of llrM icaej-,-es.lp. Jh Culled SijAqs the rlirtit t6be represent cd H.I Ml natin-nllffalTolfb. ' VndeY'tnis a. corps of about eighty natutyilisatioit in spectors hae been established. The countii is divided uita .rIeMeiu dljIV'1"'-"1 for itdmliift-tr-Htoii; Or)r courtftt th highest unlimited Jurisdiction aie now allowed to -crforni naturalization thus taking It away from inferior tribunal.