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he "vTAsHfiJdffttN MflS.' rt2frMeSXV. ;f)EcEMER" 2o;'16i5. Uteaoltinoton 3Siw PUBLISHED EVKUV JBVENINQ .(Inrliidlnir Sunday) " By A"ho Washington Times iCompany, THIS MUNBHV UUlLDINa, Penna. nv. FflANK. A. MUNSEY, President. R. H. TITHEMNGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasurer. On Year (Including Sundays), IJ.W. fix Monthi. 11.78. Threo Months. 0e. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 29, 1010. NOT FOR ARBITRATION If the Washington Administration aJiiens to any proposal from Austria arbitrate the legal principles in volvcd in the Ancona horror this will be the last straw of our burden of national ignominy, the utter degra dation of American honor to the lowest dopths. You can't arbitrate violation of neutral rights. You can't arbitrate murder. You can't arbitrate inhu manity. You can't arbitrate defiance and dosecration of the laws of God. GRIP DANOER SIGNALS OUT An epidemic of grip which has been lurking in places north and west of this city is fast getting a hold hero and unless preventive measures are observed and obeyed the dangerous ailment may become general in these parts. The gist of the preventive meas ures recommended by health authori ties is: 1. Don't anreze or couch In your neighbor's face t Keep out of crotvda. If you nave only r short distance to ko. -walk. The Christmas crowds at the fes tivities, parties, shopping, and In crowded trains have caused tho present outburst of grip. I. Sleep with the wXndows open, though the nlghtgbe cold, i 4. Leave whisky alone. There is no specific cure for the dangerous grip1. Prevention is the thing. So look out! ' ? diidai ;r.Hnm ppori FMS Among the most difficult problems Hat educators of this country now are working on .is that of rural schools. In cities vocational educa tion has been emphasized, and so much has been printed on the sub ject that the fact is apt to be over looked that, in rural districts, the problem of affording children an elementary academic education has not yet been solved. How changing social conditions are reflected in educational life was aptly illustrated in the address of Mrs. Percy V. Pennybacker, 'presi dent of the General Federation of Woman's Clubs, before the Ameri can Civic Association yesterday. One unexpected handicap under which tho rural schools now labor is the difficulty of getting places for the teachers to live. Formerly the teacher and tho minister were tho high lights of a rural community. It was .considered an honor to "board" the teacher, and no trouble was found in getting her an agree able home. Now, in many communi ties, few can be found who will take her in. The result is an added handi cap to getting good country school teachers, in addition to the poor pay. , Mrs. Pennybacker suggested a rtovel remedy. She would have a 'qchool manse" corresponding to the parsonage in which the clergyman lives. Around that "school home" she would form a community center, a sort of rural social center, which would supplement tho class room work of the teacher. The experi ment would be an interesting one to watch. It would require more of the teacher, who already complains she is not paid enough for what she does, though it would insure her a suitable home. Dependent members of her family, or other relatives, might live with her. But the success or the failure of tho scheme probably would depend largely upon the per sonality of tho teacher. . , ( VILLA TO THE BRUSH AQAIN ' Francisco Villa, in a chnracteristi- ally grandiose pronunctamento, an nounces that he has changed his 'r.ind. He. is not going lo give up "ighting, leave Mexico, and allow arranza a free hand to reorganize the country. A short while ago he was going to quit and get out; but he finds that. the very men to- whom he resigned have betrayed his cause, so he will stick. Villa is potent to cause endloss trouble, if he shall adhere to his new resolve. There was a time when he looked' to Americans like the big man of Mexico; but since 1 he tide of fortune has turned i gainst him he has shown more and lore the tartar under the skin; the andit rather than the liberator. Whatever may be thought of the reatment accorded to Villa jy tho Vashington Government and it is mt difficult to understand why Vil li feels that he has been admin Stored a strong treatment of what ic politicians call the "double ross" it Is nevertheless within Teu ton to insist that, having lost in the diplomatic contest, Villa, as a loyal Mexican and a real patriot, ought to have accepted the inevitable and given Carranza a chance. This ho (ins finally declined to do. A the moment Carranza is in overwhelming strength, with every thing suggesting his ability to clean up the country. But it i. not many months since Villa was" at the top of tho heap, Carranza down, and nl! Blgns Indicating early triumph of Villa. In Mexico, which Americans ore quite incapable of Understand ing, these sudden shttttngs of for tuno go' on and on; there seems no end; tho fermentation subsides in one-part of the mass, to redouble its energy in another. Carranza, though dominant today 1h not and probably never will be popular with any largo clement in his counliy. He is not fitted for the tosft that has crime to him. That ho may rise to it is earnestly to be desired; but if he shall fail, and If Villa shall yet provo himself capable of perpetu ating griovous troubles, the Wash ington Government will have to bear a large share of responsibility for its irresolute handling of the sit uation. REION OF LAW, OR ANARCHY? No man in the world is better postured to discuss the international consequences of the war than Elihu Root. His attitude is tnat of de tachment ana calm consideration. He knows his theme; knows tho dif ficulties and the possibilities of the effort to establish a reign of inter national law; know;; the attitudes of many governments toward iti- Just a little while ago the idea of a parliament of man seemed but the fantastic vision of n poetic dreamer. Today the world recog nizes that after this conflict there must almost inevitably b cither in ternational law, strong and n forceable, or international anarchy. Which shall it be? If international anarchy shall win the war, it will undertake to fin pose international tyranny on the countries. There will be revolt against such terms, nnd chaos will result. If on the other hand tho supporters of order and law shall! prevail they may be expected to take steps that will insure the future against militarism running amuck in this world. The menace of unbridled ambition coupled with unrestrained audacity and unlimited privilege to build the machinery of conquest, has been proved. The world has been shown small enough and feeble enough to face a very crisis in its civilization because a little group of megalo maniacs conceived their destiny to rule a universe. It would have seemed preposterous a few years ago; today the world trembles lest it may be realized. Mr. Root rightly insists that there can be but ons protection against such a menace; and that .' the rule of world-law backed by world-power consolidated and con trolled sufficiently to insun that the crimo shall never again be dared. Mr. Root states the case thus: . The war betfan by a denial on the part of a very great power that treaties arc obllgntory when It In no longer for the Interest of either of the parties to observe them. The denial was followed by action 'sup--ported by approximately one-half the military power of Europe, and Is ap. parently approved by a great number of learne dstuJents and teachers of International law, citizens of the countries supporting the view. This situation naturally raises tho fjuestlon whether executory treaties will continue to be made If they aro not to be binding, and requires con sideration of a system of law under which no conventional obligations aro recognised. The particular treaty ju'hlch was thus set asld was declara tory of tho general rule of interna tional law respecting the Inviolability or neutral territory, and the action, which Ignored the treaty also avow edly violated the rule of law, and the defense is that for such a violation of the law the present Interest of the sovereign state is Justification. When this war Is ended the civilized world will have to determine whether what we call International law Is to be continued as a mere code of etiquette or is to be a real body of laws Imposing obligations much more definite and Inevitable than they have been heretofore. Tt must be one thing or the other. Vague and un certain as the future must be, there Is some reason to think that after the terrible experience through which civilisation Is passing there will be a tendency to strengthen rather than abandon the law of nations. Yes, there is "some reason to think" that after the war there will lw s tendency to strengthen the law of nations. There is exactly as nuch reason to think that will hap pen, as mere is to tiunK tnat tne powers which are fighting for the overthrow of militarism and ter rorism will ' prevail. Just so much nnd no more. 0JR GROWTH IN SHIPBUILDING The New York chamber of cpm merce, investigating the shipbuild ing industry in this country, finds that we have been doing quite a lot of construction, for a country that imagines itself without a merchant marine. In fact, the yards have been turning out about 1,300 vessels a year in normal times; but there has been a great variation in annual ton nage construction; in 1908 the figure was 614,000, while in the year ended June 30 last, it was only 225,000. War'a real effect in stimulating shipbuilding has been felt since the beginning of the current fiscal year. Tho yards are abnormally busyi and yet the owners report that if there were demand they could increase their capacities from 15 to CO per cent. There is little confidence that tho present increase is more than temporary; the probability of an American shipbuilding industry com peting permanently with that of tho Old World, under normnl conditions, is accounted poor, unless special ef fort is devoted to its oncotiragcment. The shipbuilders nrc confident that supplies of lnbor nnd materials are to be had readily enough if the busU ness calls for them; but there is need for assurance of a national pol icy that will distinctly encourago American shipping, before a great expansion of the building industry can bo expected on a permanent basis. A1URDBR AND TRADE RE STRAINT When there has been and still is a roign of anarchy ui ' this country caused by tools 'and agents of for eign powers literally swarming cv crywherc, there ' is something bxx- prcmcly ridiculous in the effort of tho United States Government to try to end such a condition with a mere in dictment for conspiracy jn restraint of foreign trade. Np matter how im portant tho men indicted aro and among them are a former Represen tative in Congress nnd a former at torncy general of Ohio this is just as true as if those-indicted were only guttersnipes. For, if tho Government's charges are true, trying to bribe labor union leaders,' engineer strikes, tie up ship ping terminals and shut down man ufacturing plants has not been the thing which has all but rocked this country on its foundations. Virtu-' ally every count in this indictment for conspiracy in restraint of tilde covers an act or a meditated act which can be taken care of without insuperable difficulty, certainly with out rrcat disaster to property and life, by those operating the private plants and common carriers. Putting infernal machines in ships freighted with human lives, dynamit ing mills nnd factories, plotting and committing deliberate arson and cold-blooded murder are things which it is impossible for private citizens or private corporations to control when Government cannot or will not take such conspiracy by the throat and choke the life out of it. 1 We don't mean that these men in dicted by a Federal grand jury yes terday have committed or instigated the infernal crimes which have been endangering both public and private safety to an unprecedented degree in the history of this nation. We do mean that to center the fire of the United States Government on such cases with charges of restraining trade when the thing which cri?s for action is to stamp out the great er and more hideous crimes is a sickening mockery. SOCIALISM AND WAR The war not only has played the deuce with the Socialist abroad ranging in arms against one another those who have been protesting that national boundary lines were obso lete but has set them by the ears in this country "as well. Charles Edward Russell's stand for greater- military preparedness here has opened up a schism within the party, where the radicals are found lined solidly against any increase in the army or navy, while many of the milder sort are seen leaning backward toward nationalism. One parlor Socialist even writes a thesis to prove that a desire for a moderate success for the allies is not incon sistent with Socialist doctrines. An other evidence of the leaven within the loaf is the announcement of Meyer London, the Socialist Repre sentative in Congress, that he is not opposed to reasonable preparedness. The plain fact of the matter is that Socialism, in war, has come up against one of those characteristic ally human facts which are the bane of nil Utopians. War is a fact. It may take a generation or a century in which its existence is glossed over to assert its reality. But when it comes it is there and nobody is in any doubt about it. You can explain why there should be no war, why there will never be another war but then comes war, and your idealistic arguments go to pot. So it is with the spirit of competi tion, with ambition, with that fierce law of the survival of the fittest. You may say that all men should work together as brothers without strife, without rivalry, except in well doing, without forging ahead at the expense of somebody who falls be hind. But just then some one gets kicked in tho face and there is war or trade competition or envy or something elBe that it has been dem onstrated should ' not and could not exist. THE SUFFERINQ HEBREWS Perhaps the Amyim peopje do not quite realize that approximately one-half of the Jewish population of the world lives in Poland or did before tho war. That is, in the vari ous German, Austrian, nnd Russian provinces which made up old Poland before the partition. The Jews of the world aro very largely within the immediate areas of war. They are everywhere the first and most obvious victims of whatever oppres sion may be in mind; and if the Jews might be segregated into a community by themselves it would be very apparent that they havo borne grievances such as neither Belgians nor Serbians have known. Washington ought to give hearty support to the movement to raise an American fund of $5.0Q0,000 to help the unfortunate JwVh, victims of the war. New York raised $1,000,000 at one great meeting; Washington surely should do pro portionately well. U, o. WAIN ASKED TO INTERN FLIERS State Department, Howeveiyj Will Not Hold Aviators Here From France Secretary of State Lannlnp today received a recond telegram from Oerman sympathizers In New YorJc demanding the Internment of Tleut. "William Thaw, Scrgt. Klllot Cowden. and Scrgt. Norman Prince, three Americans who fire members of ths French flying corps, nnd who are in the United States on furlough. At tho State Department It wm. declared that no act!6n will be taken on any unofficial request ' Vhe State De partment will not tulto official cog nlzanco of the case of the throo American aviators unless demand for their Internment Is made by diplo matic representatives of Germany or her allies. On Peaceful Mission. It was definitely stilted today, how over, that in no event will the 1'nJted States order the internment of tho three aviators. The Staio Department takes the position that the three aviators, al though sorvlng in the" armed forces of I-'ranco.nr In the United Stttcs un armed and on a pcacaMM mission. The fact that they are American cltiicrur Is held of no consequence, ns tho 'State Department l-.elds the view that they relinquished their citizenship while they aro sorvlntr In a forelmi army nnd loso tho right to protection American citi zenship gives them. If thry give up foreign set-vice, however. Vancl return to tho United Slates they automatically resumo citizenship. If the three aviators should attempt to obtain pasports to return to France. It was declared today, their request prob ably will bo rejected. No such reiucHt Is expected, however, n they are pre sumed to have French pasports. Called "Gross Offense." Secretary Lnnslnjr Is told In the tnle urtiiti today that the caciipo of Thaw. Cowden and Prince under the circum stances, would "constitute a Krava In ternational offeusu " and that "tha United States will be tesponslblc for the damaco that may be caused by them." Their American citizenship, the tek urn m declares, would not "protect them from capture" bv Germany, as thev "arc embodied In the armetl mili tary or naval forces of a belligerent power." The State Department shares this View, that the three aviators relinquish their right to American protection while in forcln service, but takes ex ception to the view in today's tole Kram that "the United StateH cannot without violating both the spirit and tne letter or neutrality permit these young man to rejoin the enemies of a country with which we are at peace." TO SPEAK AT SCHOOL Will Open Course Monday For Closer Relationship Between Pupils and Bluecoats. TVllliam S. Shelby, of the Metropoli tan police, detailed In the office of tho corporation counsel at Police Court, will on Monday morning, at Morgan school, deliver the first of a scries of lectures designed by Major Pullman to bring- the guardians of the law and the school Children of the city Into closer relatlonashlp. Coincident with the lecture will como tho establishment of tho first of the "closed street" playgrounds. This will be established for a "try out" at the Morgan School. It contemplates closing tho street In front of the building dur ing recess time, so the children may play without danger of injury from traffic . Slims readinc. "Street Closed on Ac count of Recess" will be placed, atj ciincr ena or me diock, me street win be roped ft. and a policeman will bo stationed there to see that the closing mandate Is observed. In Policeman Shelby's first lecture, the questions or "safety first" from the police standpoint, tho attitude the small boy should have toward the bluecoat. and the matter of the street playground will bo taken up. Late yesterday. Superintendent of Schools Ernest I Thurston, and Presi dent of tho Hoard of Education Henry P. Blair Indorsed the plan for the po lice lectures and the closed street play ground. Negro Academy Will End Meeting Tonight The final session of the nineteenth an nual meeting of tho American Negro Academy Is to be held tonight In the colored Y. M. C. A. building, in Twelfth street. ' ' Tho speakers will be Arthur A. Schomburg. who will talk on "The Eco nomic Contribution Itcndered by the Negro to America," and "William Pick ens, dean of Mornp College. Baltimore, whoso topic will bo "The Constitutional Status of the Negro From 18C0 to 1870." Santa Claus Visits Fort Myer Children The children of the military reserva tion at Fort Myer worn visited by Santa Claus ybsterday at the Christmas cele bration of tho enlisted mon at tho post Y. M. C. A. A tree, bearing gifts for the little ones of tho cavalrymen, was tho conterpleco around which gayety re volved. A program by tho Fifth Cav alrv Hand, motion pictures, and brief addresses by Major O'Kccfo and Secre tary Cooper, of tho association, mado up tho program. Redfield Approves Department Changes Secretary rtcdfleld has approved tho following changes In the personnel of the Department of Commerce force: Promotion of William R, Qrecnwald and Edward J. Gardner; transfer of Mar cus C. Leh from tho Department of Commerce to tho Interior Department; resignation of Revoo C. Brlggs and pro motion of Charles Shaw In the Coast and Geodetic Survey, Answers Boy-Ed. PROVIDENCE. R. I.', Dec. 29. Tho Providence Journal, which was attacHcd by Uapt. Uoy-Kd In his farewell state ment as a sample of tho Irresponsible preps In this country, wirelessed its answer to the captain on board the Rotterdam. Tho Journal denies that It labrlcaUd any of Its sUtomenU. POLICEMAN SHELBY EducationalCampaign Organized To Hasten Naturalization in U.S. Federal Bureau Would Make -New Citizens' Literate And Intelligent Alarming Tendency of Aliens to Remain Aliens Is Prevalent in All Sections. ' By JUDSON C. WELLIVER, Why should an alien resident in the United States,, want to' be come a citizen? " , What benefits will ho get that Jie can't enjoy as an alien? These questions were asked of an official, of the new Bureau ok Naturalization, and he admitted it was hard to answer. There are a few States in which an alien may not own property, but very few. In the District of Columbia he may not devise by will unless there is a treaty, between this and his native country allowing it, which there is in nearly all cases. On the other hand, a citizen is subject 'to jury duty, which an alien is not; likewise to military service, which an alien is not. In States which impose a poll tax on" voters the alien escapes it. MANY NOW ACTUALLY VOTE. TTlnnllt tlirra tarn m vmmYiAr nf fitntH In which an alien may actually voto. If he has token out his first papers; that Is, declared his Intention of becoming a citizen. This seems a remarkatlo state of affairs, hut It Is a fact that mnnv thousnndn nf neonlc voto recular- -ly who are not eligible to serve In tho army or on Juries because they are not citizens. Tho injustice of this condition has caused several States to amend their laws In this regard in recent times. Nevertheless holders of first papers, though not citizens at nil, may vote In Missouri, Kansas. Nebraska, Texas, Indiana, and Arkansas. They could voto nlto In Oregon till last year, when the lew was changed, to take effect after this year's election. Until very latMyhcy could also vote Jn Min nesota. Michigan, and Nebraska, but those Slates have taken away the priv ilege. . Advantages Largely Sentimental. Thus It ar-poars that the advantages of being an American citizen pretty largely sentimental, and .sentiment doea, not appeal much to the st majority of lmlgrants of the classes that ar no'V coming to us In (greatest numbers. Alienism Is lately attracting much at tention, and one of the bills Introduced in the early days of me present Con press proposes drastic treatment. it requires that aliens coming here to I've shall declare, before admittance, their Intention to become citizens, and within three months shall take out their first purer. Further, all aliens now in tbe country must take t.'Jt pjpers vithln three months after tho measure ?hsll become law. and pursue the matter dili gently. If they don't, they are to be summarily deported. Of course, such a measure has ' no present chance to become law. It Is po litically Impossible. But the work- of the Bureau of Naturalization Is making It Increasingly certain that -some measure squinting strongly In this direction Is going to be law' before long. Tho alarming tendencv oP aliens In this country to remain aliens is found to be prevalent in all sections and States. Likewise the tendency to Illiteracy among tho aliens who do not become clUzens Is so marked as lo iustlfy tho .nnnl,alAn Ih.t tVlOBA U'hn (1(1 Wit bC- como citizens are the ones least disposed generally to Better tneir conuiuon nu betome desirable citizens. Encouraged by Governments. Since the war in Europe started It has become known that some foreign gov ernments take measures to encourage their citizens emigrating to America not to become citizens here. Some of them have not even vet como to tho point of recognizing the right of their people to expatriate themselves. "Once an Eng lishman, always on Englishman.' was the slogan even of British citizenship unt'l about a generation aeo. when the privilege of expatriation was granted in the. fullest measure. Kansas' City, Mo., Is one of the most American of large American cities; it hns only 25,327 foreign-bom white In a total population of 21S.3S1. Cleveland, on the other hand, has 103.703 foreign born whlto in a population of 5fiO,6G3. That Is, Kansas City has less than one alien-born In six of population, while Cleveland has more than one in three. Yet when the two towns are compared as to the tendency of aliens to remain such, it Is found that there Is ltltlo to choose. Kansas City Is in Missouri, which, lets the foreigner vote without waiting to perfect his citizenship. Ohio allows no such privilege. Neverthe F EXPECT HI TO WIN Friends of Merrltt O. Chance. Post master of Washington. It was learned today, are hopeful of his confirmation despite the activity of his opponents. ' They point out that the opposition toMr. Chance proceeJs primarily from one or more persons who are trying to get the office for themselves. While thosV persons have drawn others Into the contest, most of the activity Is said to bo by the former. Several Democratic politicians whoso names have not been uncovered aro understood to be seeking the office. President Wilson is said to favor Postmaster Chance. One of the things in favor of Mr. Chance Is that tho present session will run on for ma,ny months. He will hold until the enJ of the present session without further action, unless he Is actually rejected and rejection Is unlikely. Before the session ends, the situation may shift so that confirmation will be possible. RIENDo OF CHANCE One Year Ago Today in the War Grand f)uke Nicholas made a frantic effort to check the German onrush through Poland. Italy gave Turkey forty-eight hours to release the British consul at Hodeida. The Kaiser was again reported seriously ill. Japan was reported ready to send troops Jo the allies. less, the aliens of Kansas City are Just as slow about becoming citizens aa aro those of CloVeUnd. Here are the figures for the two towns: Kansas City Population. S4S.W1; for-cign-born whites, 25.827: naturalized, e.936: Illiterates of voting age. 2.0O4; number or persons who since tho 1910 census havo taken out first citizenship papers. 2,847; number vrho have taken out final papers. DM: number who took Otlt final Dfinent in fhn viar AnrtA.l .Tim. SO. 1315. 1W. Cuyahoga county. Ohio (practically Identical with Cleveland, but makes a more representative showing for tho DUrDOSA of thin pAmnirliAiil a,,1m- tlon, 37.425; foreign born whites, 214,- '; or iB.o per cent; xorcign Born white males of voting age, 100.70B; naturalised, 4a.1&t lllltArntn tnal.a nf .l.. -. 10,205; number who since 110 census imvo uuten oui iirsi papers, is.ozi; last 5. , .-w. -.ww. rr.,w IUVK viuv final papers In the venr inlwi inn in 1916, 2.0C8. ' ' Better Chance in Cleveland. Thus It appears that In Kansas City one out Of everv 1SS Turmn, nt niton birth took citizenship papers in the last fiscal year, while In Cuyahoga county ono out of every MB took snrh tun.,. Missouri's law allowing aliens to vote without becoming full citizens would appear to have discouraged naturaliza ihon;.Th!ro ,. .M Der cent "er fF2Z.S&ML tf e !5 ?rlM taking Is in Kansas cTtv.1"""1 m thCre OhloCr?"n?Hnf.NWZ08ta'l per cent of foreign born whites , In its EAt"' ""?. "mo n" on"' P vI?-ta,o,??D!,'at,0n-0h'. .T7,m: New NeweY?rk.S27rh,te"-OWO- 697'5: Foreign bom white males of voUng ago-Ohlo. 3W.478; New York. 1.221.013. NaturallzfHl nttln ii- w.. V .,. CW.0S3. ' "w "" Illiterate males of voting age Ohio. 62.90S; New York, 170,030. -"". yotln? age-Ohio, 35.160; New York. 4?0.Vk, Applicants for first citizenship papers York. 275,354. petitions Tor final papers in last nve years-Ohio, 18.000; New York, 117.691. Petitions for final papers In the lnat year Ohio, 4,272; New York, 24.830. It would appear that the alien popu lation of New York is a good deal more interested In gaining citizenship than is that of Ohio: for last year one out of every 105 aliens In New York asked final nnnorn. nrtr1 onlv nn mi nf atAtt 145 In Ohio did 1L Situation in Iowa. Iowa might fairly be regarded as a pretty thoroughly American State; yet It has 12.3 per cent of 'its population foreign-born; and last year only one In every 22S of Its foreign-born popula tion took out final citizenship papers. Summarizing, It appears that In New York state, last year, one alien in every 10U became a citizen; In Cuyahoga county. one out of every 103; In Ohio, ..one out of every 145; In Kansas City, ono out of every 1S; in Iowa, one out of every 228. "The ten dency to naturalize appears propor tionately best' in places where the for eign population is largest. Kansas naturalized, last year, one out of every 19G of Its aliens. The effort of ho Naturalization Bu reau Is to better these records; to hasten naturalization everywhere; to make the new citizens Intelllcent. lit erate, and understanding. To this end It Is organizing us Dig educational campaign. ' T am no Henry Ford, tu embark on a eareless, ridiculous mission hlch might embarrass "Uhfr a government or a people," said Samuel Gompers. president of tTio American Federation of- Labor. In refuting to-lav to comment on the speech of T.'avld Lloyd-George, In which tho British minister of muni tions urged labor unions to snspend their rules. "Tho labo- unionists of Groat Britain havo done thelis duty as patriots, are doing it, and will continue to do tt," said Gompers. "It would be easy for mo to glv-) an academic opinion as to what tho unions ought to do. My state ment ns president of the federation mlglfTbe ncardod as authorltatl"e. "It would be mrc to embarrass citrcr tho unions, or the povernment if weight were attached tt it. I do not think it would be right for me here to say any thing. The nation will work out its problems much easier without any com ment from this side. It does not con cern us." GOiER DECLARES HE I NOHEiYFO BLOWATPEACETALK III Allies Contraot For Continuous Delivery For Two , Years. $200,000,000 Contract. NEW YOnK. . Dec. .-Iiarffa adal- tional WflP nrrfors .mnat a? thsm mtA with an Injunction of secrecy have been received in tho past month or six we ks by those American corporations whoso operations are all but Indispensable' to tho allies. Some of these compaplp have sold their cntlro output of muni tions flvo and six years ahead.' Manr havo contracted for continuous delivery for two years. These new and largely Increased or ders have Impressed officers of big mu nition companies ns of the highest sig nificance, for the reason lhat at about tho time the negotiations for the 5500, 000.000 Anglo-French loan were In their final stages, there was a lull in the placing of orders, and this inactivity continued for some time after conclu slon of the negotiations. $200,000,000 OrJer. An idea of tho amount of these new war orders may be derived from the fact that one company .has secured an aggregate of $200,000,000 In new contracts In tne last few months. The reluctance of the alltes to plsca now contracts In that period created Mio Inference, that peAce negotiations SSJJI byinderUken in the then near future. But in the last month order to some companies, have ,been doubltd and trebled, as well as placed for de lh7'nnln.U,,e rcmoUl '"i nd ndw ff uS?t h-l2?iiamon,t mu"ufn maker lonSVawn out" CXPCCt lhe War t0 Le 5?,2S.n3?r plttc,n5 orten for delivery through two years are that, even In XTthVlVu Umo- thcre ,s ,hc contlng- tSZZ Lhl&fho ,,oacf wouM b8 Mle more W fce and leave Muropo a camp " n"t be armed, and that The mobilization of workers in the British muni on factories has not be attoVTd cd w th complete success because of a scarcity of skilled labor. Many Plants 'increased. Most of th big orders of the past month have been- for arm, ammuni tion, motor vehicles, railroad supplies, rubber, copper, steel, and pig iron. For munitions the orders have been so great as to necessitate further additions to tho large plants. Tho Bethlehem Pteel Corporation, al ready pushed to Its capacity, has war orders on Its books for flCe vears" straight deliver-, to say nothing of iu business In fabricated steel, particular ly structural steel, for domestic deliv- klMr;?chr,bs U j" it become Known, has abandoned efforts to nur chase .control of other steel plants, flnd ln..thoiPr'c? aekod bv the owners ex orbitant to his mind. Am an alternitivo . ia?dclded on additions to the plant at Bethlehem, which he has long hoped to make the equal. If net the superior, of the Kscpp plant at Essen. TTn,.,ad.dltlolLto. tt." European business Bethlehem Steel I has been negotiating big contracts with China and Chile. As a sidelight on the development of business at the Schwab plants It has become known that. In protection of secret polite' has been increased by; MidvaleHas Big Orders. Next to the Schwab plants, which have been o necessary to tho allies that Mr. Schwab could charge his own price, the biggest of the recent orders are un derstood to have gone to tho Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company. "William E. Corev. who spent the greater part of his tlmo In France from his retirement as president of the United States Steel Corporation till the- outbreak of the war Is understood to .have negotiated per f.ona.l,LyJKl!S? th6 French government the 830,000,000 order for twelve-Inch shells which was announced from Philadelphia Friday. Midvale Is also bidding on contracts for armament for delivery In South America. The Midvale Is now reported to have J100.000,0fl0 In orders en Itsoooks? thessTn cluding tho orders for Lee-Enfield rifle placed with Its subsidiary, tho Iteming- tnn Arm. l"V.vn ,.. a Tak.. . Order to handle the increased businrL. Mr. Corey. William Rockefeller ami their associates are understood to be tootling lor acquisiuqns such as the Poole Engineering and Machine Com pany of Baltimore, which has 817.000,000 of war contracts and which waa re ported all but sold to the Midvale in a dispatch to the World Saturdayr IN CAPITAL TODAY NEWWAR ORDERS WHAT'S ON PROGRAM Luncheon. Delta Tan Delta Fraternity. Ra lolrh. 12:50 to J p. m. ' Christmas tree celebration to poor children ana their parents. Shlloh Church, U street, between Sixteenth ana Seventeenth streets northwest. 8 p. m. ' Convention, American Association (or Labor Legislation, Shorehajn, 10 a. m. Annual meetlnr. American Socletv for Inter national Law, Pan-American Union. 8pm Convention. American CUic Association. New 1 Wlllard, 10 a. m. Convention. International Concreas of Ameri canists. New Natlonsl Museum, 10 a. m. Dance, I'M Alpha Delta Local Fraternity chapter house. p. m. Meeting-, Woat End Citizens' Association. Powhatan Hotel, J p. m. Christmas dance, Sigma Nu Fraternity, or George Washington University, New Cochran Hotel. 8 p. m. Christmas dance. Senators Club of Cornell, ltalelgh. 8 p. m. Steetlnc. District Federation of Woman's i-lnb. New F.bbltt. 2 n. m. Meetlngr, City of Washington Branch of the American Pharmaceutical Association. of I street northwest, t p. m. Annual meeting,. American Negro Aeade'ny, Twelfth street branch of the T. M. C. A 10:30 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Masonic Kalllpolls Grotto, short form la illations and Installation, Chamber Commerce rooms, Odd Fellows Eastern. No. 7: Harmony, N 9; Federal City, No. . election; Coluit Man. No. 1. Kncampment election Knights of Tythlas Mount Vernon. No. V election: Friendship Temple, No. t. Amusements. National "Sybil." 2:09 and 8:00 d. m. nelasco 'The Hawk." J:M and 8:20 p m Poll's "Under Cover." 2:15 and 8-18 p m. Keith's Vaudeville, M5 and 8:15 n. rv Casino "The Revolt." 8:18 p. m. Gayety Burlesque, 2:15 and 8:15 p. m. Tomorrow. Annual meeting, American Society of Inier national Law. New Wlllard, 10 a. m Convention. American Civic Association. Sev Wlllard, 10 a. m. Convention. International Congress of Ameri canists. New Natlonsl Museum, 10 a in Christmas dance, Theta PI Sorority of Kan ( M em Mich School. Congress Hall Ilo'-I ' P. m Christmas festival eervlces. Pt Paul's M K (Church, Second and S streets nnrlhAeo . P m. Maeoiilc-I.rvette. No. 1. Odd Fellow Covenant. No. 18; Columbia. No. 10; Sattra. No. XX (1101100.