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3SW1 (V Tr 8 THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY, JANUARY 23, 1916. c She'BaBlunjgtatt flmetf PUBLISHED "BVBUY JjVBNUW (Including Sunaayi) l?y lTie Washington Times Company, HE JtUNSEY DU1LDINO. Panns. .. "FRANK A. MUNSEY, President R. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary, C. H. POPE, Treasurer. On, T,r (Including Sundftvs), fJ,J0. BIX Atonths, U.TI. Thrse Month,. MC. SUNDAY, JANUARY 29, 1916. THB TURNING OP THE SCALE When tho war opened all ad vantago was on the German side in tho matter of heavy artillery. Tho 42-contimcter guns that knocked to splinters ono fortress after another were a surprise. The world had heard rumors that Germany fcd prepared yomething of the kind; it didn't believe, until It saw Namur and Liege. At another point, "however, tho Germans wero not so far superior. Tho French fleld and machine guns aro probably superior to tho Ger man; but they wero not to bo com pared for numbers. In a year and a half of war tho al lies have had to match this equip ment of their enemy; but they have had one advantage: the opportunity, while thqy were doing it, to mako yet bigger and better pieces. This they seem to have done. Just as the first dreadnaught became the mini mum for battleships thereafter, so the 42-centimeter howitzers became the minimum in heavy artillery. The allies must overmatch it; the 'Ger mans must win instant victory while the advantage was still with them, or be beaten in the game of bigness. Seemingly the allies have won in this contest. They are emplacing along the Franco-Belgian lino great pieces that outrange the biggest German guns. They have bombarded cities from a distance of twenty miles, and done it effectively. Posi tions that were supposed a few weeks ago to be perfectly secure are bejng smashed. The pendulum has swung back to the side of allies' ad vantage, and the moral effect on the Germans, heretofore calmly con fident that everything in their hands was superior, is described as de moralizing. Tho time has passed when the Germans can be credited with every possible advantage. Preparedness has at last been achieved by the other side. It was an awful struggle, just to maintain existence and hold off the conquerors till that much could be done; bit it has been; and tho war, with this much accom plished, will never again be the hopelessly one-sided affair it was in the early stages. THE FUTILITY OF EMBARGOES One of the causes of the war of 1812 was the embargo which this country enforced in the effort to avoid trouble and at the same time cocrco countries which, being bel ligerents, were considered to treat our commerce with less amiability than it was entitled to enjoy. An embargo on shipments of war munitions now, or on general com merce with particular nations, would probably have like effects. Instead of being an effective means of preventing trouble; instead of forcing better treatment for our selves, it would increase tho diffi culties and add vastly to the danger of actual clash. The embargo is the policy of cow ardice and weakness. This country ought to uso every means to ex tend and improve its commercial position, not to contract and weaken it. It is not our affair that certain nations in the world are unable to buy in our market because they are blockaded. That fact gives us no grievance against the blockading powers; we have been the blockad ing power ourselves, at times. In the future we shall probably be the blockading powar again. There is no nation on earth no, not even ex cepting Great Britain that has more need to maintain the fullest measure of the right nnd authority of the maritimo nation to use its maritime power to the utmost de gree in war. This country is always going to place large rclianco on naval power; in the nature of things it must do so. Naval power will be of no use to us if we restrict the uses of naval power to such n point that wo cannot accomplish anything worth while. We want free seas for our commerco, free hand for our naval forces to sup press our enemy's commerce if they have the power. We are planning to be a naval power only second to tho greatest; perhaps the time is not so very far ahead when it will be necessary for us to equal the greatest. The war has destroyed our com merce with Germany, Austria, Italy; to extent also with Russia. In order to make the thing equal as between the belligerents, some Americans propose that we now embargo com merce with the qjher side. That would leave us with no commerce at all, the reputation of arrant cow ardice, the object of the jeers and contempt of the world. It would ruin tho very industries that ve pretend to want to help. Senator Williams, denouncing ajn-intcrcourEe proposals, said that cotton is now worth over 15? cents in Memphis; "and if you put on un embargo, it will not be worth 4 cents week after next." Tho Sena tor is right. Yet It is actually pro p'oscd to prohibit sales of cotton to the lalUeB in order to "help cotton I" Cotton, in, the first place, doesn't need help. It is doing wonderfully well. If it did need help, it Wouldn't get it by any such process. "GREATER WASHINGTON" The most salient foature about tho result of tho police census of Wash ington, just completed, Ib the show ing of a normal, widely distributed, and steady increase in the popula tion of the city of Washington until now it has reached 357,749. Tho city has not been subjected to booms and to periods of depression. Except for the few years just after the civil war the growth of the city runs re markably "truo to form." Another healthy characteristic about the consus is, to be gathered from studying the figures of the various precincts. Tho increases are pretty evenly distributed. A falling off occurs in the downtown precincts In tho businoss sections; and the" in crease is taken care of all around an arc ranging from Georgetown, sweeping across Mt. Pleasant, and winding up with the northeast sec tion. The one section in which there is a marked growth is in the resi dential district north of Park road and cast of Rock Creek Park. So far as business of the city is affected especially retail business, there is one important factor which the census of the District docs not show. Its figures by no means in clude the shopping population of Washington. Thero has been a marked growth in the homes juBt across the District line. Though these residents are not included in the numerical census they muBt be included in any commercial survey. With tho marked growth of popula tion just across the District line along the City and Suburban lino running to Hyattaville; along the Rockville and Brightwood and Chevy Chase lines; and across the river on the Virginia banks of the upper Po tomac, the population of the Greater Washington would easily exceed tho 400,000 mark. MORE SCHOOLS The fact that New York's schools are not adequate to take care of all the city's children has received coun try wide attention. Tho fact that the needsof the National Capital in the matter of school buildings has been neglected and is yearly grow ing worse, seems to have aroused little comment. Whoever is assigned to control the public schools will face a tremen dous responsibility in pushing a building program that will not only meet present needs, which are urgent enough, but will provide for coming demands, which aro appar ent and certain. Nobody is to blame but Congress for the present crowdinir in the schools, from kindergartens clear through to tho high schools. The Commissioners and the Education Board have urged buildings, and they spend much time which might effectively be devoted to other school matters in pressing upon Con gress the perfectly obvious needs for increased school facilities. The Petworth situation at pres ent is an apt illustration. There one kindergarten has seventy pupils. The significance of that is that parents arc keeping their very youne chil dren out of school rather than en trust them to already overburdened teachers. Other grades aro in pri vate homes and in portable schools about as far from properly equipped school buildings as could be found. So one might take section after section, pointing to the long delay in getting needed schools, and to the present need of new ones. It took six years of pressure upon Congress to get an appropriation for a site for Eastern High School, and the school is not yet begun. It took five years' work to get the Park View School and the school will be filled when completed and another needed. It took years to get an appropriation for a Central High School building, while pupils were kept in an old, poorly lighted, poorly ventilated, and poorly heated building. It took eight years to get Congress to real ize the need of replacing the John son Annex, a fire trap, by an addi tion to the Powell School, which is not yet built. Some cities have got to the point where they have a program of school building mapped out, designed to care for pupils as they are readv to enter-school. Here Congress waits until more than enough pupils are ready for school, and then listens re luctantly to a demand that the school bebuilt. The main idea, it seems, in inter national law, is not to prove that you are right, but to show that the other fellow is dead wrong. The open mind is a good travel ing companion for the closed mouth. One of the quickest ways of fan ning the flames of patriotism, ac cording to P. Asquith, is to turn on the draft. California Asks Aid of Congress --- r Attempts at Gonservation Bring About Situation De manding Speedy. Relief If Irreparable Dam- . age Is to Be Averted. i . ' ' ' ' "" By JUDSON C. WELLIVER. The olt Industry of California Ib In a critical condition, appealing to Con gress for relief. Ita crisis has been brought about b a bad bungling of executive orders, legislative efforts and Judlcjal determinations, presumably alined to conserve oil supplies, and now threatening to destroy them. In all the history of the public do main's dissipation, (hero could hardly be found an Instance of more utiforlu nato results from bad administration. Attempt at conservation, unintelli gent I. v directed, have precipitated this situation from which relief Is acutely needed. The businoss Interests of Oal fornla nro making a strong effort to got Congress and tho National Admin istration to Understand the proclso facts, feeling confident that, onco fully ap preciated, tho situation will promptly be remedied. Unless this Is accomplish ed at tho sprccent session, Irreparable damago will fci sustained, not only by the oil Industry, but by r-aclflc coast business In general. Dates To Hysteria Era. This whole muddle dates back to that period of hysteria about conservation, when enthusiasm outran understanding of the subject. There was a time when anybody attempting to mako the publls lands useful was presumed to lv a grafter, and when It was assumed that the way to get tho most out of natural resources was to lock them up and not let anybody uso them. There has been a veering of sentiment toward a mote frcnhonaWa understanding In recent years; but somo of the unfortunates products of the hysteria era are still ob servable and tho California oil calamity Is ono of these. The Californlu tiouble relates back to the fact that originally there wero no proper Jaws governing the aciiulsltlon and development of oil land within tho public domain. Tho old placer law, tor mineral development, peimlttnd a pros pector to enter upon the land, search for the mlneial or metal he wanted, and. If he found It. Ille his claim. Tho placer law made It necessary to discover thn mineral before locating the elulm. When tho desert areas of public lands were found to contain oil. this placer law was stretched to cover them, though It wan not strictly applicable. It is utterly IniDosmblo for an oil pros pector to find his oil first and risk his location afterward. It costs too much money to nrosnect for oil. Operation Is Risky. The man who establishes a drilling plant In tho desert, and, perhaps, packs machinery and supplies, even to water, manv miles over tho desert, must be assured, before he Spends his money ' borlnir that If ho flndn nil h in imlnt E-SE u aS,L,.l?!,B "LLaJ8.??".8 to own it Under the nlaeer law. iitrlet. ly construed, he could not be assurod Of this. But tho coinmnn sense! ot the thine was so obvious that the placer law was stretched enouidi to permit locating oil lands first and drilling them afterward: without this construc tion, it would have been Impossible for capital to be interested In tho gamble. It has not Infrequently cost as much Plans to Mobilize U. S. Resources Nearly Done The War and Navy .Departments aro fast completing plans for the mobiliza tion of the nation a transportation, maritime, and business resources for use in caso of war, in conformity with suggestions made by President Wilson in his message at the opening or Con gress. Tho Navy Department, tt became known today, has comploten the data to be used under Secretary Daniels' plan for mobilization or resources to oe drawn on by the navy in the event ot necessity. This data Includes information Te. garding arms, ammunition and steel manutactorles that could bo given con Tracts on short notice. Other data re lates to location and capacity of large concerns that could suddenly be called on for provisions in quantity. All this data will bo included in a comprehen sive volume which will be revised at short intervals and kept always at hand by tne navy general board. Ready For Mobilization. becretary Danlelt; said today that among tho matters already investigated by the department are the following: Number, tonnage, and owners or overy vessel privately ownod In tne country, which might bo pressed Into service as a naval auxiliary in time or war. Number and owners or private motor boats and launches which might be or service to the Government. Name, location, and capacity or every manufacturing plant In tho country which might-bo utilized Tor tho purposo of manufacturing equipment, etc., ror the navy. Oil and fuel output or every compnj. engaged in this business and increase or output possible In case ot urgent de mand. In addition to securing this and a vast amount of other Information on tho possibility of ranld mobilization of tha country's resources, tho naval advisory bom a. Secretary Daniels sold, la hard at work investigating Innovations In en Klnes and motors or all kinds. "A lanrc amount of tho Important Information uounht Is now In our hands." ho said. Plans For the Army. Kxtcnslvo plans for tho mobilization of tho transportation resources of tho United StateH In time of war are also under consideration bv the general staff of the nnny. the War Colleeo. and tho American Itallroad Association. The following details now being studied were obtained from the War Denartmcnt: A survey of tho railroad systems of the country with reference to the move ment of troops and supnlles. A survey of the equiument. construc tion, and repair facilities of tho rail roads. The rc-onforcement of weak spots in the railroad system by motor trans portation. Tho linking UP of the watorways with tho railroads, particularly for the mov ing oi supplies and munitions. Tho creation of a board of expert rail road men which nhall assemble In Washington In tlmo of war to usslst thn general staff In moving troops nnd munitions. j Theso points It was stnted. form tho outline of the Ideas now Uelnc studied, tho details ot which are being kept trictly confidential. Secretary Garri Oil Victim as J50.000 for the drilling operations necessary to determine whether thero on unar a given 1'ieco ot ann; as manv as three or four boros, per haps 2,009 feet deep, have been put down to gH oil on some claims. Mani festly, that sort of thing could be done only If the prospector was assured of getting the oil If he found it. -iiio imuna innu oinnni arnvc rv'wni In these cases until flertoirbcr ft. IK. , -.i nin.1 ubjt rresiacm "an issuvu an order "ten.iiorarily withdrawing" rrt'm mineral entry practically nil tho oll bcarlng public lands In California. Thin ordr sourht to dlstwess operators Who on that date weto not actually at work, although they had picked their lands, and have since then Ronu oheurt with their 0e olopment, upending many millions of dollars. Taft Order Questioned. This la where the great injustice comes In. Tho order of "temporary" withdrawal, has beon treated aM a per manent withdrawal. Operators who at that tlmo' were working on their calms were compelled to go on working, lest by stopping they lose all rights. Vet their prospect of getting title wi.s n. hopelessly Impaired that they could not flnanco their project. Question at onco arose as to the In gallty of the Taft vlthdraw.il. Tho lawyers, for tho oil men wero almost unanimous In holding it illegal. Casrti were taken into Federal courts, and the Federal Judges In a number if 'acs held the order Invalid. The Attorney General of the United States wa ap pealed to, and opined officially that the order was void. President Taft frank ly told Congress, In a message thit he gravely doubted the validity of h.n net With all this aggregation of authority supporting tho belief that the with drawal was Illegal, the operators cheered up and went on developing thHr Calms. The Government toik no steps to stop them. Tho Interior Dnpirtmenl. knowing all about tne sit iaoi, did nut Interfere. Many millions we to snert -In' the developments. Then came the final blow. Supreme Court Rules. After six years' Ida the tare got '.o the Sqpreme Court of the United States and a decision was rinicrod lost February. The malotlt of the court rive Judges, with three on the other side held that the wlthdiawal ras ligbl. There had meantime been pnssd the en called Pickett act. by which It was supposed that Congress had sought to relieve the operators. IJut the court held that It didn't accomplish tWi purpose; It merely foriile future wiih diMvals save by act of Congress, but did not Invalidate the Tafi withdrawal. With this decision t.i ban I. the Jo partment of Justlco had nothing to do but proceed to recover the lands. It has been bringing suits and receiver ship action as fast as they could bo preparco. 'mere na been no cnarg! of fraud; none could have been posttlblo; ,l ,B merely alleged that the operator had acted under a construction of law. accepted by the Government Itself, which haa since proved bad; so the lands must be returned, no matter bo" much Injustice it does. The effect of all thin has been to threaten ruin to the California indus try. Precisely how tbja has, warkedJ ui4i, aiiu i iu wiiai uunpvrate sinuus il has brought the Western oil business; will be explained In another article. son is Retting reports from time to time as to the progress of the Investigation and tho final report Is expected to call for sneciflo appropriations, particularly for an increase In the number of motor vehicles for the army. Army officers say water transporta tion will undoubtedly be used largely for the transportation of supplies, where speed Is not always as important a fac tor as lr tho movement of troops, and where the cost Is a considerable Item. The board of railroad experts to sit in Washington It. wartime would bo a body of trusted men. who would be Klven the troon movement plans and In structed to work them out from the knowledge they have. The fact that the railroads aro prlvatelv owned pro hibits the bulldlntr of strategic lines, and It Is for this reason that a system of supplementary motor lines Is being considered. Doctor BUI of $116 Is Paid After 16 Years ST. I.OUIS. Mo.. Jan. 23.-Dr. Walter H. Fuchs has Just received a check for $115 from a man for whom he performed an operation sixteen years ago. and whoso whereabouts he has not known for ten years. This sum. Dr. Fuchs said, was tho balance in full for a bill of $232. Dr. Fuchs declined to give the name of the man. but said he now Uvea In a Southern city. The operation was on his four-year-od son. The letter ac companying tho check said tho son died two years ago of tvohold fever. Tho . .. rLsald he hBil never forgotten the debt, but that financial reverses had prevented him from paying It. Co-Workers Give Banquet To Charles J. Osborne Charles J. Osborne, who has been con nected with tho department store of S. Kann & Sons for flftcon years, was given a complimentary dinner last night at the Contlnontal by tho buyers and department heads. Mr. Osborno has rc slKned to accept a position with tho Washington branch of the Ford Motor C'.ir Company. Many short addresses by co-workers At tho storo followed the dinner. Mr. Osborne started to work In the estab lishment as an elevator boy and rose to a position of responsibility. Gcorne o. do Neale was toastmaster, and pre sented to Mr. Osborne a handsome travellnir hov ,i.a n-ir, nt ,.. uniAa- ladlea of the store. Baby's Glass Eye Is Removed by Oculist ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Jan. 23.-When Mrs. E. F. Gacckler noticed that ono of the eyes of her throe-month-old baby was irritated, she took tho child to a physi cian. Ho found nothing wrong with f( eve. Thn child continued to cry and the mother took It to an oculist, who re move, a concave irlaes that fitted sntiglv over the eyeball. A three-year-old slhter hud taken u slsss from n toy cat's eye and placed It In the baby's eye because she thought it prettier. WHAT'S ON PROGRAM. HERE DURING WEEK Many Interesting Events of Im portance Are Scheduled For Capital. Today. Address, "EecUltim and the Ptnlst ot OoJ." Julian Pierce, Wmbmiton ttocular League, Pythltn 'tempte. !:M p. nt. AddrcM, Universal Peace." Mros. Lucy 'ihouslan, Y. W. U. A., 4 p. m. Literary and musical program, Collsilat Club, CI ililli Utrcet Temple. 8:50 p, m, Preaching mlialon, All Bouts' Memorial Church. Cathedral avenue, near Connecticut avenuo norths eat, 8 and 11 a. m. and S p. m. AddreftH, Mist Nannlo II, nurroushe, before Northeast Forum of tha Mt. Olive Baptist Church, Sixth street, between L. and M streets, J:80 p. in. Addrens, "What We Owe to the Jews." niv, Hugh T. Stevenson, Bethany ilapUit Church, llhode Islsnd avenue and Hecond street northwrat, ?:& p. in. Addreaa, "Tho Man of Courage," Ilomor B. Councilor. Fifteenth Street Christian Church, 7:0 p. m. Newman Travel Talk, "Argentina," BeUsco, J:1S p. m. llaaonle nellgious service. Kaat Gate, No. tt, Masonic and eastern Star Home, 3 p. m. Lecture, "Homo Mlaconrcptlons of Boclallam," til E street northweat, 6:15 p. ro. Tomorrow. Concert, United States Marine Hand Orchea tra. Marine Barracka, 2:M P. in. Meeting, Weat End CHUena' Annotation, Ho tel Powhatan, t p. m. Theater party, benefit of Masonio Club Band, Poll's, :1S p. m. Newman Travel Talk, "Fasclnatlae Buonos Ayres," Ileluco, :30 o. '" Meettnc. Mld-Clty Cltlsena' Association, 1007 Ke.eiith street northwest, 7: p. in. Meeting, Central Citizens' Association. North Capitol Havings Bank, 7:S0 p. m. Meeting, Takoma Park CltUena' Association, lecture room. Takoma Tark branch of Washington Public Library, 8 p. m. Mass meeting. United Colored Republican Clubs of the District, Wlnslow'a Hall, Twelfth and B streets northwest. 7:30 p. m. Banquet, Chemical Society of Oeorgo Wash ington University, University Club. 8 p. m. Address. James O. Kent. Capltot lllll Liter ary Hoclety, K Thirteenth street northeast, p. m. Meeting. Congress Heights Pubtlo Improve ment Asaoclatlon, Town Hall, tp. m, nally, Ktonewall Jackson Chapter, United Daughters of Confederacy, Now Wlllard, 8 p in. Meeting, College Equal Suffrage League, New Oxford Hotel, tp, m Benefit performance, Working Boys' Home, National Theater, t:lS p. m. Address, "Peace or Preparedness, and Other Vital Issues," Miss Janet Richards, Audi torium, Woodward & Lothrop's, 10:45 a. m. Masonic Dawson. No. II; Htanabury, No. It; Osiris, tio. X: Mount Vernon. No, 3; noyal Arch Masons! Masonio Veterans' As sociation, dinner, Ebbltt; board of directors. Masonic and Eastern Btar Home, Temple, No. 12; Columbia, No, IS, Eastern HUr. Odd Fellowa-Langdon, No. Hi Union, No. 11: Beacon, No. Is. rtchekah Lodges Esther. No. I. Knights of Pythias Deeatur, No. J; Cat in the, No. 11. National Union Scott Council, Pythian Tem pie, 7:30 p. m.; Federal Council, Northeast Washington Council. Recital, Washington Readers' Club, Wlllard Hotel ballroom, p. m. Tailors' Union, No. 11. 811 E street northwest, T. P. 8. L Study Class. 7:30 p. m., 811 B street northwest. Tuesday. Masonic Pederal, No, 1: Arscla. No. II; Ta koma. No. 19; Mount Pleasant. No. 33; Mount Iloreh. No. 7, Scottish Rite. Robert di Bruce Council, Knights Kadosh. Eastern Star Elects, No. 3; Bethlehem, No. 7. Friendship. No. 17. Odd Fellows Washington. No. 6; Golden Rule. No. Sis Amity, No. 17, Knights of Pythlae Webeter, No. 7: Excel sior, No. 14 ; Capital, No. U. and Myrtle. No. 3. Marrsbees Theater party of National Revlsw, Liberty Review, banquet. Red Men Osceola Tribe, No. t, Wednesday. Masonic Harmony, No. 17, school ot Instruc tion; Columbia, Not 1, Royal Arch Masons. Eastern Star Naomi. No. 3; Brookland. No. XI. Odd Fellows Eastern. 4 No. 7. und Federal City. No. ; Hanrnmy, No. . Knights of Pthlaa Mt Jfernon. No. fi;,Her molne. No. 13; Union, No. 23; Columbia, No. a. Pythian Sisters Frlendahlp Temple, No. S. Knights of Columbus Dramatic performance, Carroll Council, anniversary celebration. Thursday. Maeonlr New Jerusalem, No. : George C. Whiting. No. !3; Temnle-Noyea. No. S3; Naval. No. 4. Royal Arch; La Fayette, No. 5; Kill II polls Grotto. Eastern Star William F. Hunt No. It. Odd Fellows Covenant, No. II, and Salem, No. 32; Excelsior, No. 17, and Columbia, No. IS. Knights of Pythias Harmony, No. 21. Maccabees Georgetown Review, No. 10, dance. Knights of Columbus Benefit Perfermince Dramatic Club. Keann Council, Dance ef Inter-Council Dancing Association. Friday. Masonic St. John's. No. 11; Hope. No. 30; Royal Arch, Capitol. No. 11; Anacostla, No. 12, ML Pleasant, No. 13. Eastern Star Takoma, No. 12; Cathedral, No. 14; St. John's ldge. No. II. Odd Fellows Phoenix, No. 38; Central, Ho. 1. and Metropolis, No. II. Rebekah Dorcas, No. 4; Martha Washington, No. 3. Knlghta of Pythias Syracuslana, No. It; Rathbone-Superlor, No. JJ. Pythian Sisters Ratlibone Temple, No, . National Union East Washington Council. Daughters of America Golden Rule Council, No. 10. U. S. W. V. Gep. Emmett Urell Auxiliary. Saturday. Odd Fellows Patriarchs Militant, Canton Washington, No. 1. Daughters of America Wheeling Club. BULGAR RULER BORES EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA Yawning Reception Given Ferdinand Dy Frnnrl Joaef ver Persona Gratn At Vienna. Koidmand of Bulgaria has never been persona grata at the court of Vlertnn, nd. like all the crowned heads of the ftfilkan state, he was despised nnd looked dpwn upon not only by the Em neror nnd hlr entourage, but also by the Viennese In peno-al siys Unme dispatch to the New York Sum. The late King Milan of Serbia knew this so well that during minv year he veuularly snd handsomely oubsldlzed tho editor ot tho None Tiele Pres.se. When I'ordlnand visited '"(nna after his appointment as Prince of Bulgaria he waited In vain for an audience with Francis Joseph, but In order to spare himself the humiliation of leaving the city without belncr -eoclvod by the Em peror, he decided to ar.ply to ITrau Sehrath. the "old friend" or tl) 75m peror, whose attachment to hr Ojattig back manv yenro ago when nh wjis a favorite singer of light operas. FYwncls lofeoh jraVts a house to Frnu Schrntli at Ichl. wheio during the Mimmor he visits her dully, and often follows her advice. Ferdinand of Hulgarta sent Frail Sehrath a 1ewel case containing a pidr; of beautiful earrings with the following noto: "I deem It nn honor to oer you the earrings my mother wore till the dav of her dctth. and 1 beg you to accept them ind Intercede with the Emperor on my 'ehalf. "FEitniNANn of ni:ia.p.iA." A few duys laud Ferdinand was re ceived bv tho Emperor. 'lis head was all but turned with Joy. and In order to create a favorable Impression with the F.mneror he carried with him In a large bather bag the best specimens of his collection of mnnuscripts. family docu ments, and heraldry paper-, which he presented to tlfo aged mrnarch for In spection In the courso of the audience F'-p.ncIs Joseph was bored to death and did not hesltnte to show It. In fast, he occasionally yawned while J he glancet" cnsunlly over the documents nnd shortened tho audience. After Fer dinand of nulparia had loft thn Em peror told the ehamberliln In attend nno. t ount Trfsu. that he wsvi sur pr.sod that even a Halltan sovereign cot'ld bo so Ueklns In good manners as to consider himself on terms of tiitml lt with an enipeior and addec' 'Ho presented his case like any common notary." I TT KsUffl YlVll XXVVl ttUlkZUrS Fooled In Serb Retreat Dramatic Event of Balkan Campaign Is. Indicated ' Brief Communique 'The Lost Eight Cannon." Wagon Roads Blown Up by Engineers. ' Following is the seventh and final .installment of William G. Shepherd's uncensored story of the allied retreat from Serbia. The previous installments told of preparations for the French retreat from Strumnitza, where Shepherd and other correspond ents 'were spending the night, after visiting the French front. UV WlL-i-dAW u. BHEPHEUJJ. i 6AL0NIKI. Dec. ll.-Whero the hugo French camp had been tho night bt tfore, all wan baro the following morn ing. Smoking cinders, hero and thero, showed whero tho o'clock coffco had been made, but tho removal of the camp had begun at 3 o'clock In the morning, and by tho time the newspaper men aroso from their cots In tho hospital tent and went outdoors to wash their faces In palls of cold water, the French soldiers were several miles down the Valley road with their wagons loaded with camp equipment. Road Blown Up. There were explosions across the river, whero a military road had been cut along the face of the river embankment. "Artillery?" I asked a captain. "Blasting." he explained. "Blowing up the wagon road." "They take us to Krlvolak today, don't they7" a French reporter asked General Balllaud's aide. "No, they don't," ho said significant ly. "But three days ago General Sarrall said we were to be taken to Krlvolak." Krlvolak was up tho Vardar valley only forty miles, and the railroad on which we were encamped led directly to It "But three dtvya ago Isn't today." said the aide. "Bee all these soldiers march ing along the railroad? Well, they've, Evening Services in tbe CJburcbe Metropolitan Memorial M. E. Church, John Marshall place and C street northwest, Rev. James Shera Montgomery. "Justice to the Jew," 8 p. m. Waugh M. E. Church, Third and A streets northeast, Rov. F. M. Mc Coy. "God and the Lost," 7:30 p. m. Foundry M. E. Church, Sixteenth and Church streets, Rev. W. R. Wcd dcrspoon. "Tho International Mind," 8 p. m. West Washington Baptist Church, Thirty-first and N streets north west, Rev. B. D. Gaw. "A Fad and Its Fallacies," 7:45 p. m. Church of the Covenant, Connecticut avenue, Eighteenth and N streets, Rev. Charles Wood. "The Message About the Home," 8 p. m. .First Church of Christ, Scientist, Columbia road and Euclid Btreet northwest. "Truth," 8 p. m. Second. Church of Christ, Scientist, Fifteenth and R streets north "west. "Truth," 8p. rh. Centennial Baptist Church, Seventh and I streets northeast, Rev. E. Hez Swem. "One Man Who Always Did Just What He Wanted to Do," 8 p. m. All Souls' Church, Unitarian, Fourteenth and L streets northwest, Rev. U. G. B. Pierce. "Tho Power of Unitarianism," 8 p. m. Douglas Memorial M. E. Church, Eleventh and H streets northeast, Rev. Charles C. McLean. Revival sermon at 7:30 p. m. Grace Episcopal Church, Wisconsin avenue and South street, George town, Rev. George W. Atkinson. Evensong and sermon, 7:30 p. m. First Congregational Church, Tenth and G streets northwest, Rev. Robert W. Coe. "The Blight of Unbelief," 8 p. m. Theosophic Hall, 1216 H street northwest. Lecture on "Tho Neces sity for Rebirth," 8 p. m. Universal Philosophy, 22 Sixth street northwest. Lecture by Alfred H. Terry on "The Path of Power," 8 p. m. Fifth Baptist Church, E street, near Seventh street southwest, Rev. John B. Briggs. "Character Building," 8 p. m. All Souls' Memorial P'piscopal Church, Cathedral and Connecticut avenues, Rev. J. MacBndc Sterrett. Preaching mission with ser mon on "The Matter's Answer," by the Rev. H. H. D. Sterrett, of Columbus, Ohio, 8 p. ro. Union M. E. Church, Twentieth street near Pennsylvania avenue northwest, Rev. John MacMurray. "Satan As a Friend," 8 p. m. Mt. Vernon Place M. B. Church, South, Ninth street and Massachu setts avenuo northwest, Rev. Edward K. Hardie. Sermon by Rev. I. W. Canter at 8 p. m. Hamline M. E. Church, Ninth and P streets northwest, Rev. Lucius C. Clark. "Father Forgive," 8 p. m. Second Baptist Church, Fourth street and Virginia avenue southeast, Rev. Howard I. Stewart. "Hell In the Light of Common Sense," 7:45 p. m. Grace Baptist Church, Ninth and D streets southeast, Rev. F. W. Johnson. . "Making Light of the Gospel," 7:45 p. m. Bethany Baptist Church, Rhode Island avenue and Second street northwest, Rov. Hugh T. Stevenson. "Our Debts to the Jews," 7:45 p. m. Grace Reformed Church, Fifteenth and O streets northwest, Rev. Henry H. Ranck. "The Work of the Soul," 8 p. m. First Spiritualist Church, Pythian Temple, 1012 Ninth street north west. Address by the Rev. George W. Kates on "Our Cause," 7:30 p. m. Shiloh Baptist Church, L street, between Sixteenth and Seventeenth streets northwest, Rev. John Milton Waldron. "The Kind of Faith That Saves tho Sinner," 8 p. m. Eckington Presbyterian Church, North Capitol, Florida avenue and Q street, Rev. Henry E. Brundage. "Material That Makes Master Men," 7:45 p. m. Washington Heights Presbyterian Church, Columbia and Kalorama roads, Rev. John C. Palmer. "The Unwearied God," 7:45 p. m. New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York avenue, Thir teenth and H streets, Rev. Wallace Radcliffc. "Historic Re vivalsThe Three Thousand," 8 p. m. Northminster Presbyterinn Church, Eleventh street and Rhode Island avenue northwest, Rev. S. A. Bower. "Forsaking Christ," 7:45 p. m. Metropolitan Presbyterian Church, Fourth and B streets southeast, Rev. Paul R. Hickok. "Doing As Commanded," 7:45 p. m. McKendree M. E. Church, Massachusetts avenue near Ninth street northwest, Rev. L. Morgan Chambers. "The Unavoidable Christ," 8 p. m. Christadelphian Chapel, New Hampshire -and Georgia avenues. "The Need, The Hour, The Man," 8 p. m. Metropolitan Baptist Church, Sixth and A streets northeast, Rev. John Compton Ball. "Three Terrible Things That Will Never Come to a Christian," 7:45 p. m. Church of the New Jerusalem, Sixteenth and Corcoran streets north west, Rev. Paul Sperry. "The World of Spirits and tho Inter mediate State," 7:30 p. m. Immanuel Baptist Church, Sixteenth street and Columbia road. Rev. Gove Griffith Johnson. "The Fact of Sin, What About It To day?" 8 p. m. Fourth Presbyterian Church, Thirteenth anod Fairmont streets north west, Rev. Joseph T. Kelly. Illustrated stereopticon lecture by W. H. H. Smith on "Jesus Great Miracles," 8 p. m. Maryland Avenue Baptist Church. Fourteenth street and Maryland jtvenuc, Rev. Harry J. Goodwin. "The Thief," 7:30 p. m. , TV.-1-e- - in come from Krlvolak. I'm not supposed to tell you, but thn fact Ib wo'ro evac uating Krlvolak. and tho Bulgars are probably In it by this time." Later developments ehowod that his guess was a" good one. At tho very time wo were talking of Krlvolak, the Bulgarian cavalry was marching Into the place. Strumnitza. The cannon had been drugged down from the nearby hills and wero being loaded on flat can while we had breakfast in the railroad station. It wag noon when our military guide led ua to a box car In a freight trai.i and told us to climb In. We wero starting back to tho Greek border. Not a single venturesome news paper man begged to remain. In our train were box cars loaded with fugitive Serbian soldiers, with Serbian civilians who were carrying whatever of their household effects they had been able to transport by hand, with French soldiers whoso feet" were wrapped In heavy sack ing, victims' of frostbite. There were also cars carrying cannon, hay. and wood, and cars with high walls, above which appeared tho heads of tightly packed horses. Wo wero beating It. with the French, from Serbia, in a retreat that will per haps bo considered one of the most dra matic events in tho history of the war. Tho two engines snorted for a minute or two and iinally got the long string of cars under way. Wo rolled slowly over tho Vardar bridge which was blqwn up two daya later and saw, amid the girders, tho nndn of the long fuse.a which were to bo lighted at the last possible moment The wagon road to tho Greek border ran parallel to the railroad for many miles and we overtook nnany wagon trains. A French swjroplano soared above us onco, heading toward Krlvolak. In the mountains we heard artillery booming and onco or twlco wo saw tho flash of big guns. These guns must1 keep talking loudly and busily to. pre vent tho Bulgarn from knowing that a retreat was tinder way. It was these few' guns in the -mountains which the British communique referred to when It paid: "We lost eight cannon." The British artillerymen stuck to them to the last minute, , , By night time wo were back in Salonlki. l t