Newspaper Page Text
Partly Cloudy Tonight
(Pull Report" on Pago Two.)
EDITION NUMBER 8700.
WASHINGTON, TUESDAYEyENING, JANUARY 25, 1916.
PRICE ONE CENT.
Ill P. II ..
FAILS TO MET
Lansing Appears Indignant Be
cause Possibly Inspired Re
ports Had It That Note
Satisfied This Government.
Rumor Says State Department
May Break Off Negotiations
With von Bernstorff and
Insist on Show-down. '
Germany's latest position in the
Lusitania controversy is unsatis
factory to the American Govern
ment. Out of a chaos of conflicting
statements emanating from the
State Department and German em
bassy quarters, this fact stands out
jif representing the views of the
Administration with respect to the
latest communication from Berlin.
' Refusing even to admit that
such a communication has been
received, Administration officials
arc highly incensed over the an
nouncement this morning that the
controversy has been virtually
settled. There is suspicion in
Government circles that friends of
the German ambussador, anxious
for art early settlement, have
assumed to declare that the new
communication, represents entirely
the views o fthe United States. '
Secretary of stnto Lansing appeared
especially indignant this morning. On
hlS wav to the Chlnf ,,! u. -. i
flr hniniii. ... .a . ,.-
,., .vi..;u m mime any
cnmmftnt Than L .... -j . ,- !
...., .mvii i.u upeuarcu 10 cuango I
his mind suddenly, and said:
What these facts are he rofuscd to
. ,,; ........
to m'eet .ho dends f" VKWJS
States with respect to'tho form of dA-
avowal riemnnriori r.r v.... r .u " .:
tot of tho 110 American men. women" '
and children who sank with the Cunard I
nner in its death n umre. I
inn- i 1 pTeani ,ata.K ot the negotla-
SS?t.ti?5r?,i!a-"?. ?".; bc'. "9 J''stinca.
..-'f at. thJll end. lf "ho ls t0 "fach an
understanding with the United States.
The communication from Count von
wernstorq Is understood to have been
received some time last week. it Is
??Li. '"havo been transmitted to the
"A , "ouse yesterday, efuslng to re
gard It as a final expression from Uer
n.any tho State Department, It is be
lieved, had Intended continuing the
confidential negotiations with the am
bassador. In view of what many offlclalo nre
inclined to rogard n the "Inspired"
stRlamenta this morning that u hettln
ment had been reached. It 'a rerirced
m not impiobablo that the Statu De
partment and tho Administration may
bo considering bvenhlnar off these con
rtd.'ntlnl negotiations and lnslstinr upen
a showdown direct from Berlin "
The entire ntmosphere In Admlnhlra
tlno circles Is or.o which Is ulnost
SENDS STEEL OP
Price Is Boosted to 85 By
Active Trading on Eve of
NEW YORK, Jan. 25. Brokers Jam
med about tho "steel post" on the stock
exchange today In trading which boost
ed tho prlco of United States Steel com
mon up to 85 a few hours before the
corporation directors were to announce
their decision as to a dividend.
Durlnff the first hour of tho market
trading In Steel represented a quarter
of the business transacted in the entire
market. At 11 o'clock BS.0OO shares of
Steel common had changed hands nt
nrices ranging from 84 to 85. At that
hour the Issue was quoted nt S4Ti, a
fvactlon below tho high mark of the
Tho most persistent rumors on the
Hoi- were that tho corporation would
declare the regular dividend of l, per
ceir. inner rumoii mu r. nowevor,
that the dividend ivoj Id be pass
ed, and few expected any etra divi
dend to be declared,
The attention of tho entire market
was centered on Steel. Announcement
as to tho dividend will not me made
until efter the close this afternoon.
0. S. DEMANDS
"You can say for m thnt th .nrin. ' incidentally referred to at today's meet- "" , ' ""'"' "-'.. ' '"vl '""" ' "
this morning are wholiv ' , . " Chairman Lloyd, of tho edurtl.- on ,n appncat.on or the conrn f- ;
, and consist of merest soecu- Rl ""bcommlttee, announced that t, "- nr oun. . nc ,
lot lustlfled hv thm fff.t.?.pecu would meet Thursday afternoon t tnu : ruIes nrn returnable before the court In
tions, it is understood, tho German trov. of Wills, the Recorder of Deeds the the minor children of Oeorge Limerick,
ernment still manifests a desires to usl Roard of aiMren's OuarE' th Tho accusation against Creed fui-
vlyJ.n P 'i theaflinCk.ng1of JtUhc SSUrt of ChffltlSVnd Pheustees fo? i '" UlCtll,l,f
in68?! aSffil"- ft JSSSSS. !-.,IAi,!!trlal Home 'r m3att,enr8tan0lnnenabe.:r,neon,vn,endIinnglh,S
More Danger of War
With Britain Than With
Germany, Says Mann
Minority Leader in House Speech Suggests Wisdom
of Preparing Thoroughly Now For Future.
Declares Present Conflict Will Nbt
End Strife Between Nations.
There is more danger of a war with England than with Ger
many, Republican Leader Mann today declared in a ringing speech
m the House announcing he would support preparedness legislation.
He' urged immediate creation of a standing army of from 250,000
to a half-million men.
"I have much m&rc fear of a war with England then I have
bf waf with Germany,' ' he declared.
Regarding preparedness details, Mann said:
"It were well as an emergency? we should increase the regular
army to 250,000, 300,000 or even a haLf-million; we should provide
ample coast fortifications and a navy able to defend us on the seas."
APPLAUSE FROM BOTH SIDES OF HOUSE.
Loud applauso was given Mann, from
both Democrats and Republicans, nearly
all leaders of both parties being pres
ent to hear his speech. The Republican
leader urged non-partisan consideration
of the question and support of the Aa
minlstratlon. "It Is well known that I havo never
been In favor of a large standing nrmj.
and I supposes I havo been properly
classed as a 'llttlo navy' man. ' said
Declaring the European powers are
In a life and death struggle. .Mann said:
"Neither side pas much attention to
the demands of some less powerful na
tion noi cngngcu in Mie conflict
iiii one Knows wncre mn nearre.qsinn
on either side ngalnst -our wlsheH will
finally lead us, ho continued. "Per-
naps not info this struggle-, but one that 'It is our duly to provide for possl
Is tho outcome of this. I doubt whether Ulltlcs as well as certainties.
10 MR BILLS
BEFORE 0. C. BOARD
Schooi Board Controversy But
'"Incidentally Referred .to JVt
Onlv ttt'n tntnnt lSMln -nAPn rinnrrnl
today at the meeting of the Houso DIs- ' aJ,""'1" 3rIo Ambr?",- ('TI""X M
trlct Committee, the delay In taking up ilton. Mlllnm B. nellly. David Rotlis-
more Imnortnnt lerHalntlnn Holnir 1n r.
!h innhiiitv f .s.nnlm ..i
- .-. -. ..--.............vc. w u.... .
In fill,1, mntlAn ft rtAn.lil...(l.n i
w ..... .... u..o.... ,..,,,
The school board controversy was but I
UP ,ne Commissioners' bill relating to
proposed changes In the school system,
pT"" th!Slt0f Con""
i PaB0 to tho WhUe "ouso VMterday.
ilt became orobabln nt tlio Pnnltnl tn.iiii.
that '' District appropriation bill mav
contain sevoral lmoortant inri.uiivn
rider, inriiuiin ihn. ,,ii,ri... .1.-
commssloners to ffppolnt the Beglstor
commsslonnm tn Winnlnt ti rini..
If these ' changes are carried In the
V'"r,..DU.et. Mowcvor. it may be
done with tho constnt of mtmbtrs of tht !
Dlsrlc commltee who have been delay-
iu in nKing up separato measures to ;
bring the changes about. Mr. Pago li
expected to apply for a special rule to
make In order these legljlntlvc riders.
The President Is understood to have
told Mr. Pago that he was in sym
pathy with the proposal of the Com
missioners to relievo the Chler Execu
tive of tho task of appointing the regis
ter of wills and tho recorder of deeds.
Congressman Page, in charge of the
District budget. Is also understood to
havo informed the President that rea
sonable progress is being made on tne
District bill, although tho House jas
learned by experience that there is no
need to hurry tho appropriation bill, as
It makes slow progress In tho Senate.
The Page subcommittee of the appro
priations t-omnuueo may inciuno in tno
appropriation bill legislation putting Into
effect recommendations of the Joint com-I
mlttee investigating the half and half
question. This will dopend, however,
upon whether the District committee1
can get to such legislation beforo tho
passHge of the appropriation bill. Chair
man Johnson Is now at work on an In
dependent fiscal blU. but It was not
ready for submission to tho District
At lis routine meeting todnv th- Dis
trict Committee reported two bills In
troduced bv Congressman Cnrlln of Vir
ginia. One authorises the Commission
ers to vacate and abandon Fortv-flrst
street northwest, north of Yuma street.
The other exempts from the operations
of the public utilities law tho Wash
ington and Old Dominion Railway Com
pnnv. except that portion of the rod
which Is opernted within the DNtrlct.
Here's Wayfor U.S.
To Prevent a War
Dr. Mary Walker Would Havc
American Women Wear Ki
mono to Win Over Japanese.
The preparedness hearings, of tho
Ifousc N'aval Committee were enlivened
today by an "ant!" speech bv Dr. Mary
Walker, wearing her imous tiousers.
plug hat, and whlto cotton gloves.
Shn declared Japan U America's only
possible fee. and that American women
should bo sent to Japan to adont tho
native Kimono costume as nn American
(ni.-t MneV '.Florid., 8r-l,l.
llnrl.li.'. flnMl fr..l c.,r. I ;,..ll..
- - ;, . ".ii. ii. hi. kih
?thr "i in'?' .!i(1- .'."S'l- ''J!'1'' 1:05' :S0
!. ni. i.20 a. in. 1106 ZN. V. UVC. 1W.-
a paper peace now. even if It could be1
entered Into, .would be even the begin-1 U8ano-. "r. . I....... -u.. .. m.-..,K
nlng of the end. I think the present, taken today, and by night. It Is expect
contllct l likely to last for many years i d. ihn deck will be cleared for the
before cither side Is declared finally tho dctensr.
V"TJTi part of wisdom for us Is to pre-j ""bert B. Healls. brother of the drlv
pnre thoroughly for any possible trouble.' er the car In which Dr. Mohr met his
We ought to maintain peace at all has- I death and Miss Kmlly Burger was
ards, but the time may come when wo j -wounded, was the first' witness today.
"... n. ii hi- uir 1H maintain peace.
T?nniitai I ! ...ii ftt.i A.. ...... ..
.V .tvv ..nun. tiui injncr iu
withstand aggression too often.
"It Is expensive to prepare for
peace, nut ve had rather spend
millions to avoid trouble- than to wait
fnv trouble to conio ani spend untold
billion. If involved In no trouble we
will Kfl off cheaply. If Involved In
Lrmitiio ihn innnm. ... .nn.i
would be worth manv fold what wo
would spend aftcrwurd.
MOVE 10 DISBAR
SiX D. C. LAWYER
Rules Issued By Chief Justice
. , ' .
nvnnrnn nn Dnnunotmn m
iw wwiiiihivii vif nuuiiwullvll ui
' t'-Uvard . Hopewell, and John
v'- Patterson, members of the District
nre required to show cauco why
should not be disbarred In rules
general term aFebruarv
The charges filed bv tho commutes
involve misconduct on tho part of l he
William Karle Ambrose. In the pro-
feedings for disbarment, is accused of
'inylngbccji convlctecl on January 2J.
' or emuczziing i,aw or uie i.imer-
' ' caiaio wi
I'hilc acting no guarJIan of
J"1",,"" ,Ls.?i,"K1e0l XW
of '-mbezzlement Involving 4J60, tho
FP?rty of (ho es'ate of !. X Loch-
; "k-...',". ..."?,"" '.iV'.V'
The court Is informed In the Dro-
ceedlngs for disbarment of David
Jiothschild that ho Is serving a sen
tence of nine years on his plea of
guilty to n chargo of forgery and
uttering made In the District Supreme
Court last September.
Kdward N. Hopewell Is accused of
misconduct while administrator of the
estate of Stephen C. Hall, the alleged
offense being tho retention of J5.417.05
belonging to the estate.
Tho action against John W. Patter
son la based on a charge of embez
zlement for which ho Is now serving
Tho rules Issued by the court are
based on action of the court In gen
eral term, and the lawyers are required
thereby to stand trial upon the accusa
tlons made before tho court on Febru
VOTES FOB INCREASE
Tho House Xnvalt Committee, by a
voto of 15 to 4 today favorably reported
an Administration bill to Increase the
number of midshipmen at the Annapolis
Academy, allowing each Congressman
to appoint three candidates annually
Instead of two.
Congressmen Callawav, Henslcy. Trlb
ble. and Buchanan. "little navy" men.
voted against tho plan.
To Sell Her Home
Dwellmg Where Executive Wooed
and Won Present "First
Lady'' on Market.
,phe dwelling wluro President Wilson
v.oocd and won h,ls bride Is for sale.
Billing Uait Wilson.
tnrougn the mc i Icr.i .Security and
.iMire nt r Tv . ntlcth ( ,. V .... 71
' ............ , ,,,,., ..cvil-ll LI1C nil-
PI.. .n ;i..T ..,...' ' """)
!. i mum i-.im i'i mo rro"t w n-
d.V 0I.' .f .,nal." fll,r"' wh,"h l'ne'
dalm'Hl the ettuilton Ot nasicra-b. for
ccr4 days, I
genera term wennarv -jx. i
Handwriting Expert Called to
Identify "Alibi" of Victor
DEFENSE STILL UNCOVERED
Brother of Death Car Driver
Declares Brother Expected
Lot of Money.
PROVIDENCE. Jan. 25. Closing testi
mony in tho State's effort to establish
the alleged guilt of Mrs. Ellxabeth K.
MM, na InaHtrnfnr nf th milriler nf ier
.... V. . ... .u- - ..-.
followed by J. 11. Clarx, a
hnndwrltlng expert. Two police officers,
Inspector A beam, and Captain Mona
han are expected to take the stand be
foru the dny Is over to clinch the last
.spike In the structure of tho State's
Promise of Money.
Herbert B. I J rails, brother of the
iT-gro driver of the death cr, testllk-rt
today that Victor Prown, one of t'.:o
two negro dcfen'lrnts, had declared
shortly after the Vnurder of Dr. Mohr.
"I plugged the doctor and 1 1 cllman shot
He declared thxt be wont to see his
brother and "two other boye." In tho
Uilntol Jell. It was here tn.it. he swore,
own told 111 lit tint Mm. Mohr had
red them to kill tne doctor, with a
ronilvs ot a "lot of money."
.'nder cross-examination Healls iid-
mltt-d thnt his guiding motive In the.
I entire caKO was Jo help lil-j brother.
!. -.... .1... lill. -..!. t,
u'-uisi;, "ilui'i: lliv III." El'lllt lli:c
M; OTskW.rt? S
Ht"jt. Ho identified two dqeuqii'it
Iven hi -i hv Ajlstant Aitnmer (en
i-rnl Phillip. They were tho alibi which
Orrtruc'o Stevenson said aim hnd socr.v.vj
from Brown, and a written order for
his helnntrfnps given to Herbert Heulls
by Brown. "They were written by tne
xamo hand," he swore.
Brown's oves flashed nnd he turned
around nervously while Healls was on
Mrs. Mohr arrived In her curtained
limousine and went directly to the
courtroom. She smilingly greeted her
counsel and nodded toward the pre.ss
Dr. Mohr's blood-stained clothing, the.
sight of which threw her Into a tumult
of sobs when It was displayed last week,
was brought hack Into court again to
day bv Clerk Robert Root, this time In
a white covering, except the murdered
Defense Is Ready.
The defense Is ready. Attorneys Fitz
gerald and Ix-wls laid their plans dur
ing the Interim between the close of
court last Friday and the opening on
Monday. Fitzgerald, it Is announced,
will make the opening address for Mrs.
Mohr. He will then begin the Introduc
tion of witnesses and probably will not
give way to Lewis before the middle of
Lewis Is to handle the Joint case
of Cecil Victor Brown and Henry Spell
man, both as to presentation and tes
timony, while John B. Edwards, repre
senting Spellman alone, will act In an
advisory capacity. Fitzgerald Is uncer
tain when he will put Mrs. Mohr on
the stand, but that she will take the
witness stand nnd tell her own story of
her troubles with htr murdered hus
band. Dr. C. Franklin Mohr, ls con
sidered a foregone conclusion.
Three Weeks More.
A verdict within three weeks Is un
likely. Attorney Lewis believes:
Just what the defense plans to show
Is not clearly understood today. Attor
ney Lewis places much credence In the
story of an anonymous Informant who
approached him on the street In Boston
promising to give him Important in
formation. Tho former Assistant At
torney General of the United States
hopes to have the mysterious witness
In court "at tho proper time." He will
not reveal the nature of tho man's
story or the manner In which it will
affect the defense of the negro youths.
To Secure Bond Issue Not to
Exceed Three Times Capital
Stock of Company.
To secure a bond Ismio nit to oxcotd
$000 000 900 nor to ftxeeed three times,
the capital stock of thr compnnj. tho
Balthroro ond Ohio railroad today
filed with tho Recorder of Deedk a
lefundlng nnd general lJurtsn.je on
all its property rights ftud franchises to
tho Central Trust Company ot" New
York nnd Juinra N. W.illnco as trmtot
Yhc transfer Is accurltv for outstand.
1ns obligations or ihc cop'
obligations oi inc company, lncl id-
" "' ""l.'.ii.i. ' .. ' . "..,l...": '.' "'.T
,.. .. !.,... r.r ji'. ,. ,... ... --..
."' . "'"" ." , '""-" . 1' ' V .iriV.II
l 1713 amounting in 'i;..Miuii;
The" mortpapo cr n minted
i.ajt ,.r,A lho fll.mr lee u.nn , .
IN MOHR TRIAL LINES CHECK
Advanced Trenches Penetrated,
Paris Admits, But Foe Is
RUSSIANS PUSH ON PINSK
Czar's Troops (Pressing From
Northeast Reported Within
Three Miles of City.
PARIS. Jan. ;.". Oerman troops
penetrated advanced French trenches
In tholr now offencivo movement near
the mouth of the Ysrr.ltic French war
office admitted this afternoon. It wan
slated that the enemy was later driv
The renewal of the German attacK.i
followed a few hours after the bom
bardment In which nioro than 20.0fli)
shells were hurled against the French
positions. The Germans wore first
litld to their trenches by a screen
of flro from French Held pieces and
machine guns, but later emerged and
by a desperate charge gained a foot
hold 1h tho advanced French posi
tions. I'rcivJh troops drove them out al
most Immediately with a shower of
hand gtencdes that Inflicted severe
losses on the enemy, the var office
The offensive carried enemy troops
into two shell craterw in the angle of
the Arras-Lens road and In the angle
.l tho NVuviIlc St. Vaasa-Thclus road. I
it was also admitted. These positions
vere subsequently recaptured by the
The lighting all along tins front
Russian Legions Now
Within Three Miles
, Of the City of. Pms
PKTROORAD, Jan. 25. Russian
troops, pressing down from the north
west, have approached to within three
miles of the city of Plnsk, according, to
dispatches received here today. '
The Germans arcstrengthcnlng their!
positions along the Oginskl canal, north
of Plnsk. to meet the expected Slav
attack. The movement against Plnsk
Is an extension of the offensive launch
ed against the Austro-Germans in the
Kovel-Sarny railroad region a. few
Plnsk was occupied bv German troops
undf-r Field Marshal von Mackenscn In
the Teutonic drive following tho capture
of Warsaw The Germans halted their
eastward drive nt Plnsk. and itacken
sen then moved upon tho Balkans.
There have been no previous reports of
a Russian advance on Plnsk.
Sixteen Aviators Raid
Along Greek Border
SALONIKI. Jan. 2ft.-8lxtcen French
aeroplanes again bombarded Ghegvei
ycsterCay, killing nnd wounding more
than ion persons and causing heavy
damage to Bulgarian camps.
.More than 100 bombs wore dropped by
lh- forty-five French aviators wn'o
raided southern Serbia cities with Im
portant results early vestcrday. It is
learned. It was tho greatest air raid
ever ecuted hi 'he Ralkany.
Kn riule borne from Mona -tie llie "ald
ers split Into two parties, one bombnrd
Ing Ghegvell. and the ntl.er Kvmlnr
Thouch vigorously shelled, not a single
aeroplane was hit.
Tells Kitchin Legislation Should
Be Complete Berore Party
President Wilson wants Congress to j
hurry along Its work and ndjourn the
session before the national conventions.
He Is urging tho leaders to speed up
legislation and quit for tho summer
about June 1.
This fact became known today at the
Capitol following the conference be
tween the President and Leader Kitchin,
of the House Democrats. President
"Wilson was lnslstnt in his conference
with Mr. Kitchin that the session end
before tho conventions.
When the facts concerning thr Pros
Ident'i desltc to crowd through n
legislative program und end the ser
mon by Juno 1 or thereabouts became
known nt the Canltol a stir was
caused among both Democrats and
Republicans. It la anticipated that
strong effoits will bo roude to do
avvny wllh dtlatoiy nrneecdlrcs.
House le.tdeis ss well ns those on the
Semite sldi Indicated that thev had no'
dlFnosltlou to draor out the sesi-lon
Munv are sceptical nbout the notsl
bllilv nt ending thr r.rnn enr'v In
Jinif. One rffrct of the President's atti
tude will undoubtfdlv be to force pre
paredness legislation tn a head much
more quickly than has been anticipated.
IE, WILSON BID
TO MAKE RICH
PAY FOR DEFENSE
CONGRESSMAN CORDLLL HULL
FIRE STOP SYSTEM
UPHELD BY KELIHER
Acting Chief Engineer of De-
partment Opposes Sugges
tion to Abolish It. -- --
Officials of the Flro Department de
clared themselves today stronglv op
posed to the suggestion of the Washing
ton Rallvvr.v and Klectrlc Company that
all flro stops be abolished.
Acting Chief F.nglncer James Kcllher
said he believed the responsibility for
collisions between fire npmratus and
strict cars Miould not be put up te the
Fire Department, as would be th case
if the rollwav company's suggestion
ihould be approved by the Commis
sioners. Loss of time and added danger,
he said, would result.
"To Illustrate, take No. 4 truck house
at Now Jersev avenue and M street."
said Chief Kclihor. "In responding to
an alarm from the box at Twelfth and
M streets tho truck has to cross five
oir trnckp nt Xcvv Jernev avenue nnd
M. Fourth str'cot. Seventh street. Ninth
and nicventh street-.. To bo compelled
to slow down on nnproachlnsr each of
there crossings would result In great loss
Would Increases Danger.
. "The clement of dancer would le
greatlv increased. Fire apparatus
should be given the c:c'uslve right of
way. If tho responsibility li divided
the driver of th nnnaratus and the
motorman each :nnv be wllllnr to take
a chance, thinking the other fellow will
slow up. Under the present svstenl
there Is no miration as to who has the
right of way."
Tho records of the Flro Tlopurtment
show several fatal accidents rr-sultln.,
from collisions between flro apparatus
and street cars prior to the adortlon of
the regulations establishing tile slops.
On July 2. 1"W, No. 7 hose carriage
collided with a street car at Ninth and
R streets northwest. Chief Frank J.
Wagner, then foreman, sustained a
fra ture of the hhull and a broken
wrist. Martin .1. Nyland. a substitute
llrctnan. was killed, and C. E Shaffer
was permanently injured. RnltallJii
"hlef S. R. Henry, the-i foreman nf No.
1 truck; Private T. R. Newman, and
Private O. R. Ash were seriously in
jured in a collision between the truck
and a cablo car on December 19. 1'JOO.
Early Decision Expected.
Private C. A. Keefc was killed as the
result of a collliion betwoen Truck
No. '2 and a street ear at Connecti
cut avenue and M street on February
7, 1P01. '
A decision In the matter probabl.v
will bo reached by the board within
the next ten days.
Emperor Reported To Be, Suffer
ing From Acute Bronchitis.
His Condition Grave.
LONDON. Jan. 25 -Though no con
firmation has been icceiveil from Aus
trian sources of rumors that Emperor
Frsn. Josef s seriously 111, the Paris
nnd London papers today print reports
that .hla cbndltlon Is Etrlous. All these
rrnort" emanated from Rome.
The Rome correspondent of the Dallv
Nona reports that lho Kmporor Is suf
frrlnr from acute hronchltli and that
apprehension Is felt becnuso of his' ad
vanced age. The Itlv Telegraph's
Rome correspondent says Vatican cir
cles have received word that Franz
Josef's condition Is vcy crave.
DUE SOON IS
Income Tax law to Raiss
TO PUT BILL UP TO WILSON
By THEODORE TILLER.
An in9omc tax law that will
raise approximately $100,000,000
additional revenue most of it
wrung from the wealthier classes
is the Democratic answer to the
national defense problem.
Plans are under wav today at
the Capitol to amend tho incom'
tx law so that the long arms of
the taxing power shall extend deeo '
into the pockets of the rich and
delve gently into the purse of the
man of moderate salary. It is oni"
a question of time until an amend
ed income tax bill is presented11 at
the White House for the signature
of the President.
If there existed any doubt that
the income tax was destined to be
come the chief revenue producer
of the Adrninisjration at this period
.of monetary need, it was removed
by-the decisidriNof the Supreme
Cpurt which on yesterday upheld
the constitutionality of tho income
tax in its every phase.
Congressman Cordell Hull, nuthor of
the Income tax section of the Under-wood-Simmons
tariff law. Is today re
ceiving the congratulations of his co
leagucB upon the fact that his leglsln
live creation has withstood the hlghci-t
test. Meanwhile, Mr. Hull busied him
self with a study of the income tax lnvv
and Its further possibilities as a reve
Mr. Hull announced In effect th"
there Is to be a general readjustment
of the rates of the Income tax. althouir'i
ho qualified his statement by sarin?
that it Is not Proposed that the tax ..hull
That the revenue from the Income tav
rniy b" doubled without tho Imposition
of unfair t-x burdens was conflden'lv
asserted bv tho taxation expert of f-
Wavs and Means Committee. It Is r";
erally understood among party lea.fN
thnt thr amended law ls to hit the m
who Is most ablo to pay. Proposals ro
levy mnre special taxes on ban',
checks, gasolene, and 'dozens of artlcHa
In every day use aro slated ,for t i"
The Income tax Is to save the DeirJ'
crat'c day and the national defer to
Congresrman ClaucV Kitchin maj'r
Uv Wdnr of the House, went to t "
White House todav to talk over t'o
revenue situation with thr Preside'
He left the Canltol prepared Jo tell C
President that the rank nnd file of 1
party favor a revision of the income t
Hvv and "III oppose additional star u
tavos nnd s'milnr lrsl'iation that wou'd
hit tho ''commop. people."
Kitchin Favors Plan.
As chairman of the Wnvs and Meant
Commltteo Mr. ICflchln Is an advocat
or n boo!t In thr sur'axes of the in-,
como ta:; law. The surtaxes apply to
all incomes above f:o,000. Incomes be
low that nmount nnd nbove the exemp
tions of t?..(M and ?I.C00 would pay onl
the normal tax of 1 per cent. Demo
crats believe that It is not only a mat
ter of politics but equity to Increase t
suttixcs nnd cruse the rich man to pj
for iiatln-inl defense.
Mr. Klirbln has told certain frlend
tlrit h's observation is the richer clay
cs constitute the strongest ndvocatea u'
"There is a lot of talk," Mr. Kltcl i
told friends recently, "about the boi
banlment of Ne-v York and the captn
of our big cit'ra by an invading fore
If the advocate of preparedness the
men who have the big Incomes and vss
property holdl lgs In these cities are
alarmed thev should be willing to pa
.Majority Leader Kitchin Is nn op
ponent ot he defense program, but !
is vvll'ing to come alonjr with the requ'
site iccnuc legislation If 4he lncom
tax and not such special taxes as we
embodied In the war revenue bill of las
session Is mado to produce tho neces
Speaker Clark Another.
Speaker Chamj Clark It anothei
Democratic leader unalterably oppose
to the levying of additional spcin'
taxes. He Informed Influential Demo
crats 'at thr dinner at tho home o'
Secretary McAdoo last week that he
would not only fight further stamp
taxes, but would come out into the open
for tho repeal of those now on tb
Democrats then turned to substltu1"
legislation and sentiment cryBtalllzul
rapidly In support of nn extension of the
Income tnx. Congressman Hull Is now
working out thr details of a bill tl3r
will produce about $100,000,000 moro an.t
thero is no secret nbout tho plan o
make tho heaviest Increases apply to tho
Mr. ,Ilull said today thnt these In
rroHses would not bo radical. There
no necessity, he sold, for Income is
rates thnt mnv bo regarded o unytlur
liter confiscatory A sliding scale o
increases, he suggested, anil a general