Newspaper Page Text
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Fair Tonight and Colder
(Iull Report on Page Two.)
Che Ifahrogftm Wim$
WASHINGTON THURSDAY EVENING, tfJEBRTTABY 3t 1916.
PBICE ONE CENT.
Civilian Prisoners on Appam Freed;
Vessel Detained by U. S. A uthorities
0. K. PAGE
D. C. RULERS S
BILL TO 0. S. HAVE
FOR TWO PER
CENT ON LOANS
Commissioners Declare Present
Law Restricting Interest to
J4 One Per Cont Works Hard
r ship on Poor. .
Utilities Board. They Say, Has
Ample Power to Lower Price
of Gas and Grant Universal
Declarng the law now in fo'ce
limiting interest to 1 per cent a
month has worked a hardship on
poor persons, the Commissioners
today sent to Congress a favorable
report, on the bill intoduccd b
Congressman Page vt North Caro
lina increasing the rate ofiinterest
under the "loan shark act" from
1 to 2 per cent a month. The
legislation seeks also to prevent
loons being made outside of the
(District on application made in the
Special legislation provid:ng for
a reduction in the price of gas, in
the opinion of the Commissioners
fy not " necessary, in view of the
powersjwnjfcrced. upon the Public
BOARD ft AS AMPLE POWERS.
Jn reports transmitted on four bills to
reduce the price of gas. the board States
that the- puhllr utllitv law confers upon
the Public Utilities Commission ample
power for tho Proper control of the serv
ice and rates of tho gaa companies, and
that It Is belloved to be the Intent of
Congress that any action taken with
feference to fixing the price, of Ran
should follow as a result of a working
out of that law.
Opposed To Pension Bill.
A similar report Is made on the bill
Introduced , tiy Congressman Clark of
plorlda providing for universal trans
fers on the street car and herdlc lines.
The, Public Utilities Commission, it
3 stated, will be In a position to act
Upon the question of universal transfers
fcriten the valuations of the properties of
fho street railways, now ncaring com
pletion, arc determined.
An adverse report was admitted on
the bill Introduced by Congressman
Kahn to authorize tho Commissioners
la place o nthe pension roll the names
f certain members of the old lire
department. Tho Commissioners say
Ihey cannot bo certain that the per
ions mentlonod In the pi opened Icgls
fritlon represent all the survivors of
Iho old flro department, nor Is thoro
(ny record to show that the bone
ciarlcs named In the bill weic ae
ually In tho service.
Favorable action In rrrommonded on
I bill by Congressman Oglenby to
irovlde for the ronionl to unother
lte of the Cemetery nf tho White
tabernacle Number Thlrtj -nine of
he Ancient United Order of Sons anil
laughters. Brethren and Sisters of
no greater part nl til- cTnotei y in m
Iho line of Thirl y-scvriuh st-cel extend
ed, which fact, it Is stated, has tntoi
ferfid with the making of Intetments
jn recent .-ears, and the cemetery haa
Reading of Documents For
and Against Appointee.
After a preliminary meeting tody. the
luhcommtttee of th" Fenptn Judiciary
Committee In charge nf th" rase of
Louis D. Brandels. noi"ied for Jus
lice of the Supreme Com. Adjourned
n't' 10:30 Saturdsv
The subcommittee . s work
f going over a m"'" n' '"-- "' inc-
'm for and f""" ' " nn
ot competed m' ' " ''-"' ar
vd snd penatf"-' - ' cred to
tterd the seslon nf -Me.
It li general'vassund " ""mber
ff Derions wlM be 1jeM " itnies
efore decision Is reached Pu ri-ns
or eall'c witnesses have not been
l-ide Whet the subcommittee met to
Jav it found a remrkabl. valance of
tf"' sbout the merits of Mr. Brandels,
liw'd In the mutter before the sub.
Fnstor flpn 'nirtnin s'd b
luenmm'f '" '-vtn,. n--.
ifv h" ' ' -- rh1
Uf It l n x hr n" t" fl e
nd perhaps more charges, have been
Submarine Believed to Have
Snipped Great Trunk Lines
ALL BUSINESS IS DELAYED!
Remaining Wires Are Burdened
With Great Mass-of Com
T.ONION. Feb. 3. Seven of Europe's
cables to Amerira have bcn mynteri
oiiMly put out of business.
For more thin a month they have
nrrn Ivlng hi the bottom of tho ocean,
temporarily useless while the n
mnlnlng ones are overburdened with
the great mass of communication
poKstiu? dally between the two con
tinent. S.utlsfartcry Information 1i unob
talnabl" here, but it was rumored to
day that s, now typo of German sub
marine, oqulpped for cable cutting,
may be working off Europe's wost
Near French Coast.
Two Fem-h cubles. strotchlng fiom
Brest for 3,000 miles to Cape Cod and
Mlqunlun. It le rumored, hae boen
snipped off the French- coast, Flvu
others llnrs from Ireland to Now
foundlnnd and Xova Scotia, ovei
which Jntich of tho business between
London and American cities passes,
ur reported to have been c at
The possibility that Europe might
lose all direct cable communication
with America if the rumors prove to
be well founded. Is not remote.
In that event messages would have
to be transmitted with great delay
and at great expense Via Oporto, to
Spain, thenco to Madeira, the Canary
Islands, Pcrnarobuco, Brazil., and- then
relayed to -New York. 'Tho only other
possible route would be via Egypt,
India. China, and San Francisco.
There is no wireless station In
England which -.would compete with
the powerful German wireless which
sends dally messages to America
Should German submarines succeed In
severing nil the cables between
Europe and America, the Germans
would have Anally turned the tables
on' the British for cutting German
cables at the beginning of the war.
Trip of J. P. Morgan Said to
Have Bearing on Another
NE YORK, Feb. 3.- France wants
one and two hundred million dollars
more of American mone for the war.
according to Wall Street eports to
day and .1. P. Mirenn Is enroute tu
I'.uropo on the Uotterdam today to
-c about It.
Franco alreitily has borrowed $370.
cro.Otxl in Anicr'ca since the
war began and this new loan will
bilng the amount well above the
hulf-blllion murl; L'nlll.o the Anglo
French half-billion dollar aud other
loanf, backed onlv by national credit,
tills new loan. It is said, will have art
collatornl Amerlcin railroad securities
owned In France.
The Frenrh loan bonds are to be
placed among American investors,
runninar three to five years and draw
ing probably 5 per cent. These de
tails were not denied by members of
the Hoine of Mpran when they were
asked about it.
GETS PAPEM PAPERS
Nothing of a materially Incriminating
nature was contained In the copies of
papers taken from Captain von Pape'l.
recalled German m'lltary attache, by
tho British authorities and forwarded
to thi- Stite Department, a high de
partment ofr'ctal said today. There is
no evidence that would nld the authori
ties in running down plots In this ooun
try. ho said.
The check stubs alleged to have been
taken from von Papen were not sent,
most of the papers received being copies
ot letters already printed In the pres.
No successors will be apolnted by Ber
lin to Captains von Papen and Boy-Ed
until the war Is ended, it was learned
at the German embassy today.
British Ship Chasehill
Has Foundered At Sea
LONDON. Feb. 3. The British steam
er Chnshill, which pulled from New
York January 13 for Havre, foundered
at sea. Advlre? to her owners here
tndny ald that her ereu ns nved.
v-e i harehlll was built in 1M1 and
dlplacd 4.5S3 tons. She was registered
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- '- -
Above Sentry guarding; Appant'a gangway. Below, at left- GOV. GEN. SIR EDWARD M. MERE
WETHER. At right LIEUT. HANS BERGE.
Son Detained Awaiting Investi
gation of Killing of Mather
BUFFAU3, Feb. 3. The murder of
Mrs. Agnes M. Telper, wealthy widow
of a local steel manufacturer, and her
son Frederick, will be re-enacted for the
benefit of the county authorities on the
Orchard Park highway today.
John Edward Teiper mill demonstrate
so far as possible, exactly what tran
spired during tho assault upon the au
tomobile party, which he says was com
mitted bv n negro bandit. This pro
ceeding is 1 1 the suggestion of Telper's
counsel, E. It. O'Malley.
The condition of Oruee Telper became
more alarming today and an operation
to relieve pressure on her brain was
rerformed. Yountj Telper slept hut lit
tle during the night. He walked bacK
and forth In hh coll.
For tho llrst time since his mother and
sister were murdered Teiper Is lodged
in a cell. No charge has been placed
Edward K. O'Malley and ex-Judge
George A. Lewis, his counsel, havo
agreed to permit his detention without
u warrant. Grace Telper. a sister, who
has been unconscious slnco early Mon
day morning shows no slgna of re
Telner has admitted ownership of a
bloodstained pistol found near the
rcene nt the duul murder "Rlng that
ho had purc'iHed It ten d.-vs befoie
the crime Th" weapon, according to
District Attorney Dudley, undoubtedly
was the one used by the mutderer.
There were four empty chambers in
Telper's admission, the district at
torney added, is perhaps the most
startling piece of evidence obtained
since the Inquiry began, though he
claims to have other surprising dis
closures which have convinced the In
vestigators that they are on the right
Telper was tnken to headquarters
after he had attended the funeral of
bis mother nnd brother under guard.
Though morbidly curious crowdn
gathered at the home and filled tho
little chnpcl of the Blessed Sacrament,
where services were held, there was
no lemblanc" of disorder.
Reproductions of rtnger prints on Tel
per's collar nnd the pistol nnd hammer
found near the scene of the murders
have proved unavailable for Identifica
Mrs. Hofheinz Succumbs
To Wounds in Throat
Mrs. Louisa llofhclnx, fifty-seven
years old, who was found with her
throat and wrists gashed early yester
day morning, in the bathroom of ner
home. 2132 M street northwest, died
from hr Inltirtex at the Emergency
Ife'jplt.il -srly toda.
Coroner Nevitt made an Investigation
of the circumstances of the case, and
arlll Usue a certlficaU latar today.
OF BUFFALO WOMAN
11 1 ' T '.li 1 Ti" .e
IN CODE THEFT CASE
Torpedo Flotilla Commander
and Aide At Time of Dis
appearance Ordered to Trial
Lieut. Herbert A. Jones, commander
of the reserve torpedo flotilla, and
Ensign Robert D. Klrkpatrlck, navi
gation officer, today were ordered
court-martialed because of loss or
theft of the navy's secret code book
from the destroyer Hull.
Jones was commanding officer and
Klrkpatrlck next In command of the
Hull, stationed at Mare Island navy
yiiro, at tho time the code book Jls
appeared. Navy officials refused to discuss the
case further than to udmit that the
coi in the hands of a foreign gov
ernment would prove more than em
hirt asking to the department even
dur'ng peace times. AH letalls con
cerning the loss are being kept necret.
Tno court martial. Itself, because of
tho nature of the charge against the
ofllrer-, will be kept as secret as pos
sible. ALL U-BOAT ISSUES
ZURICH, Feb. 3. German
financiers have been assured by
their government that German
American controversies are
about to be settled, according to
dispatches from Frankfort to
day. As a result the German
bourse rallied sharply today.
Ambassadoi Eornstorff rocelved
fiom Ucrlin today a cable telling that
a memorandum from the foreign
office regarding the Lusitanla Is on
the way to him.
The ambassador's messaee was
dattd January 30 (Sunday). He bu
lelves, ho nald. the memorandum re
ferred to will reach here either Fri
day afternoon or Saturday morning.
In either event he will De able to
communicate its cuntents to the State
Department some tjme Saturday.
Tho ambassador was willing today
to forecast tho charactor of the com
ing message from Berlin. Other offi
cials expressed belief that It would ho
one calculated to bring to an end the
long dispute. None would sav defl
nltcly, however, that he expected It
to he drawn in conformity with the
exuet conditions laid down by thM
Government in the last exchnnse be
tween Secretary Lansing and Ambas
sador Bornstorff To do this It would
hnve to admit, nructlcallv without
reservation that the sinking of th
bis liner wu-u llltgal act.
S O.S. TO
British Ambassador Wants All
Subjects on Board Released
Sir Cecil' Sprlng-Rlce. the British am
bassador, today appealed again to tho
State Deartment for the release of all
British subjects on board the liner Ap
pam. The renewal of the appeal was
made necessarv by the fact that the
German prize crew commander. Lieuten
ant Berge, has refused to permit some
of the Britishers to disembark, despite
tho request of the State Department.
Exactly which of the Englishmen are
being detained and upon what grounds
neither the State Department nor the
British embassy haa been clearly in
formed. There is a general understand
ing, however, that the German com
mander hns set up the claim to hold all
Brltlsr officers and men taken off the
Brttlsi transports that were sunk by
the German raider Moewe, as well as
the crews of British merchant fJ-'ps.
Including the Appam, which resisted
That the Appam is a war prize is the
official view taken by United States
authorities, according to the State De
Department At Sea.
The State Department is frankly at
sea as to where Its obligations lie. Un
tier a general principle of International
lav, a neutral port cannot bo made a
prison detention camp for a belligerent
Power. But the general principles of
International law. It Is admitted, would
require the United States to refuse asy
lum to the Appam as a prlre of war.
It Is under the special treaties between
the United States and Prussia of 1799
and 1828. that the United States Gov
ernment has about decided that It Is its
duty to permit the German prixe crew
comamnder to sequester the vessel at
Norfolk as a prlre of war.
Under the exceptional provisions of
thepe tratles the German' commander Is
entitled to extraordlnarv privileges not
recognized generally bv International
law. Whether now these samo privi
leges Include tho right to detain British
subjects on the vessel as prisoners of
war is the extremelv knotty and tech
nical question confronting tho depart
ment, Timo and again In the International
correspondence of the United 'States has
the broad principle been enunciated that
a neutral port cannot be nut to tho
war uses and needs of a belligerent
nowet. But even where snocinl treaties
have not existed, exceptions have been
made in the case of specific incidents.
Russian Ship Interned.
Fo- example In 1855, during the
Crimean war. the Russian steamer
Sitka put Into San Francisco und In
terned. She hod on board British
prisoners of war. Efforts were mnde
to obtain the release of these prls
oi't i bv habeas corpus proceeding,
Atto-ne Geenral. afterward Secretar)
(Continued on Second Page)
H 1 APPAM
Mystery in Identity of Sea Raid:
er Deepens Liner's Status
Unsettled- : - -
NORFOLK, Feb. 3. Confined
as German prisoners of war , for
nineteen days, 244 British civilians
and one American citizen were re
leased today from the liner Appam
now lying at Newport News, the
subject of an international dispatt
as to her status.
Still confined to their state
rooms by their German captors are
the British crew of the Appam
against whose release Lieutenant
Berge, commanding the vessel's
prize crew, has protested on the
ground that they are belligerents,
and twelve other British officers.
Four members of the crow of the Clan
McTavish, Australian meat steamer,
whose gallant battle against the myste
rious sea raider, whose exploits in tho
east Atlantic resulted In the Appam's
capture, are also detained until their
htatus can be determined at Washing
ton. Also on board the Appam are the
twenty-two Germans who navigated the
vessel trom the sccno of its capture off
the. Canary Islands Into Norfolk, ana
twenty Germans who. at the time, were
being transported from West Africa to
England as British prisoners.
Collector of the Port Hamilton has
taken charge of the Appam pending
orders from Washington as to her dis
posal. Before leaving the Appam many of
the passengers, even tho British,
tliunkod Lieutenant Berge and the
prize crew fct tho courteous treat
ment given them during their im
PXisonmont. Trains wore in readlnbss to take
many of them Immediately to New
1 ork and Noifolk where British au
thorities prepured to tend them to
Among the first passengers to set
foot nshore today was G. D. Taglla
(Contlnued on Page Fourteen.)
ONE CH II
Commissioners Adopt Regula
tion As Additional Safeguard
to Safety of Structure.
As an additional Mtfartt&rii to tte
Aqueduct bridge, tho Commissioner to
day adopted a regulation prohibiting
more than one sttvet car on the bridge
at one time.
It is provided also that no car shall
cross the bridge at a greater rate of
speed than six miles an hour. Cars may
stop at the north end of the bridge to
take on or discharge- passengers; who
will be permitted to leave and board
cars from the west side onl
Cars will not be permitted to stop on
any othoi portion tif the bildgi-. The
weight nf tlic earn Is limited to thirty
shoit tons. The regulation become
iffocUv at noon February f.
ON AQUEDUCT BRIDGE
PROTECT IL S.
Tells St. Louis He intends That
Record of His Administration
Shall Be One of Genuine, Not
President Is Confident the West
Will Urge Congress to Pass
Legislation For Prepared
ness Within a Month.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 3. In a
stirring speech today President
Wilson told St. Louis that he in
tends the record of his Administra
tion to be one "of genuine neu
trality and not pretended neu
trality." The audience, several thousand
of whom were of German lineage,
applauded the declaration until the
"I am ready to make allowances
for sboth sides," the President said.
"And I have tried to think so far
as is possible, from the point of
view of the othet; side.'
"I know," he added solemnly,
"how my own h,eart would burn
and how ray head would whirl ?f
I saw my country irt danger.'
WANTS BIGGEST NAVY.
In speaking of tho navy, the Presi
dent said that to adequately protect
this country's coast-lines, "I think our
navy should be the greatest in tho
world It should be unconquerable."
The President again nolnted out the
dangers to be encountered In maintain
ing this country's trade "There are
cargoes of wheat, flour, and manufac
tures." he said, "all of which come into
contact with the fires abroad all com
bustibles into which sparks from those.
flr" mav fall "
President Wilson stirred his audience
of 8.000 when ho solemnly warned the
people of Missouri to prepare for the
upholding of American rights
The address was the final ono ho will
make on his Western trip. At noon
he leaves for Washington, confident
that the people of tho Mlddlo West will
urge their Congressmen to "do some
thing for a national defense within a
The gallery was a regular army or
the "unemployed." President James
Eads How, of the "army." was on hand
on the floor of the hill with a resolu
tion to President Wilson, protesting
Will Not Settle War.
"Preparedness never can and never
will finally and effectively settle war
fare," the resolution said.
It is making its way to the President
through three channels today -person
ally by How, by special delivery, and
by telegram It Is signed by Charles
Kruse, "national chairman." ani was
drawn at a meeting of the "national
committee of the unemployed "
When the President and Mrs Wilson
entered the hall at 10:T7 o'clock the
great crowd roso to Its feet and cheered
them for two minutes. Mrs. AVllson
wore a handsome black gown, and vio
lets took the place of her usual bouquet
Before the President was Introduced
a chorus of 1.500 voices sang "The Star
"Not only Is It necessary that wo pre
pare to mobilize the forces of tho coun
try for dofense, but It is also neccssan
to mobilize tho economic resources ox
the country for the great work of heal
ing to bo done after thf war Is over '
said the President, a sentiment loudh
applauded by tho business men. who
were his audience.
"America will be efficiently nuccess
ful in the world of business If aho Is
righteous in the world of busbies." ho
said. "Advertisers arc coming to realize
that the real 'efficiency Is in the facts
an they are,' and all business men are
coming to tho realization that It J
better to prepare for the facts when
you see them Coming."
Wants Domestic Peace, Too.
He predicted a wonderful future for
America. "America has been sh
about going out Into tho world of
competition," he said. "In a way sh
haa shut her doors from the rest of
"I came into the Middle West to fin
something and I found it," the Presi
dent said. "I had boen told that tha
MnNWeHt was not warm for national
defense, but I knew that the people
here wore as true to the spirit of th
country as anywhere else.
"The facts are very easily and
briefly stated. America Is at peace
with all the world and desires to re
main so. It Is not a shallow peace
It U a fundamental peace. She Is a'
ppaio because she ontertainH a real
friendship Tor all the nations of the
"It would tear the heart strings of
Ami-rice to be at war with any of
the great nations of the world. If
great insues were Involved, however
w'liT It was necessary to defend oik
eivus, we would not be at peace The
heart of this country Is sound, made
up pf the fundamental principles of
humanity. It i not jrutdad by? tho fm-