TTTE WASHINGTON THIES, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 7; 1916
LABOR UK10N PLANS
FOREST ASK LAST WORD ON
FOR DISTRICT GUARD
Maryland State and District of
Columbia Federation Will
Organize Skilled Workmen.
FJRST OF KIND FOR CAPITAL
Local Militia Does Not Have
Body of Technical Branch of
the Service. ,
The first labor organisation evor to
indorse mlfftary tralnlnR f6r American
cltUens. tho Maryland State nnd Dis
trict of Columbia Federation of Labor,
now announces that It Is preparing to
organlre a company of engineers for tho
District of Columbia National Guard,
and posnltyy a larger company of
npeclallccd troops for the Maryland Na
tional Guard. The plan of the Federa
tion has been discussed with the officers
of the National Guard of the District,
and actlvo preparations for the organi
zation of the company have been
Engineers form the highest technical
branch of the military service, and at
tho present time there are no engineer
organizations attached to tho District
National Guard. Several of the States
have rather large engineer companies,
battalions, and even regiments, but tho
District has 'none.
To Enliat Skilled Men.
It Is proposed by tho labor leaders to
enlist In the company the skilled men
In the various trades that enter Into tho
work of the engineer section of tho
army. Tho soldiers and officers are all
to be from the various labor unions of
Washington that are members of the
Maryland State and District of Colum
bia Federation of Labor. This means
practically every union affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor.
The last convention of the federation
was held in this city, nnd a resolution
Indorsing the preparedness proposition
and pledging the support of tho labor
unions was unanimously adopted after
a hot fight for the resolution had been
led on the floor of the convention by
Presldent John B. Ferguson, of Balti
more. The next convention of the fed
eration is to bo hold In Annapolis. Md .
nest month, and It is understood that
tho organization of the military com
panies bv the federation officers will
have been completed by that time.
General Harvey Approves.
Gen. W. E. Harvev. commanding the
National Guard of tho District. 1b en
thusiastic over the co-operation of the
labor unions in his work of building up
the National Guard. Ho states that he
can hardly think of a more valuable
rervlct that could be performed by the
union men than through the organiza
tion of a company of engineers. Tho
men In the unions, he said, are the type
nf self-reliant, skilled specialists who
have the technical requirement for this
iranch of the service, which Is the most
difficult to organize because of its do
innr.ds for special knowledge.
Cabaret Singer Convert
Aids in Services Here
eervlces under auspices of the Omo
Klble class of the Brightwood Parle
M. E. Church, were addressed yes
terday afternoon by the Kev. W. -1.
vV'cdderspoon, of Foundry M. K.
Church. Charles Evans a converted
cabaret sinner, of New York, and Dr.
Adam Gelbel, blind organist and
choir leader, of Philadelphia, took
part in -the musical program. Tho
services will be continued at 8 p. m.
throughout the week.
Presbyterians to Hear
Lecture on Traveling
At the meeting tonight of the
Brotherhood of the Western 1'teaby
torlan Church a lecture on "Finding the
"Worth-while In Travel" will be given by
Capt. D. W. Trayer. Officers have been
elected as follows: President. Alfred
B. Gawler; vlco president, Duncan uav
nport; secretary-treasurer, Arthur Tt.
Uncle Harry Tells About The Supreme Court
ity to prove IiIh Innocence. It Is tha
samp when tho officers of a company
nro being tiled and their cuse goes to
the Supreme Court." '
"How many Judges arn thoro in the
Supreme Court?" asked .Ilinmy. ,
"Nine," said I'nclo Hairy, "r'lrst,
tliero Is tho Chief Justice, Kdward P.
White, of Louisiana, who Is the head
Judge. Tho other eight judges fire
called associate Justices, and thev nro
loscph .McKcnnn, of California; Oliver
Wendell Holmes, of iMassachusetts,
whoso father was tho fajnous New
"I'vo been having somo very pleas
ant surprises Intel)', boys," said Uncle
Harry ns he leaned back (In tho big
comfortable chair that Jimmy nnd Joo
had pulled up to the table for him.
"I find I havo friends all over the
country," he continued. "Boys Just like
yourselves; fellows that want to know
all about tho big and important news
of the United States, tho war and the
whole world In fact. Sometimes they
ask me questions Just to learn about
tho news; socmtlmcs they nske me to
supply them with Information for their
debates in school and at their club
meetings, and somotlmcs because they
are writing school compositions."
"Do you mean that boys living In
all parts of the United States wrlto
letters to you?" asked Jimmy.
"Indeed they do," said Uncle Harry,
'a'nd I certainly like to hear from them.
Why, only a few days ago I received
Undo Harry reached Into tho Inside
pocket of his coat and pulled out a
letter and began reading:
"Doar Uncle Harry:
"Pleaso tell mc about th United
States Supremo Court mid who the men
aro that arc on the bench. And what
the court Is and ovcrythlng "
"How about It, Joe; can you toll me
about tho Supremo Court?" sold Uncle
Harry, ns ho folded up tho letter and
put It back In his pocket.
"AH I know is that It is the 'llgntcst
court in the United Stales and that it
has Us courtroom at .Washlngrbn, DIs- lawyer, a new membor of the court to
trlct of Columbia," answered Joe. till the vncancy caused by tho death.
n T-tn -
H.llttlntlrl nlil,n ttfltMnt
HhiUllU ItlMIIUI tf 1IIIUIII tf MStXJp Ul
Ohio, Charles fc. Hugheso. who was
governor of New York a few years ago;
W Van Devanter, of Wyoming, Mah
lou Pitney, who used to bo a Judge In
or of the State courts In New Jersey:
Jrmes c McBeynolds, of Tennessee,
who was formerly Attorney General of
the United States, and a few days ago
President Wilson appointed Louis I.
Hrandela, of BoBton, Mass., a noted
"That's rlcrht as far as it goes." said
Undo Harry, "but there Is more that
WRITING' A LETTER TO UNCLE HARRY
every wlde-awako hoy ought to know
about the United States Supreme Court,
"Wasn't there a lot In the newspaper
the other day about the Supreme
Court?" asked Jimmy
"Yes, theie was," said Uncl Harry.
"The Supreme Court handed down an
Important decision stating that tho In
come Tax Law was to remain a law and
that It did not violate the United States
"What d'd you say about 'handing
down' something?" arked Joe
"Tho words 'handing down a decision
olmply mean that the Supreme Court
has decided a law cuse and mode a pub
lic announcement of its decision," ex
plained Uncle Harry. "Suppone 7 ex
plain the Surrcme Court this vray:
First, the State legislatures mako the
law for the States, and Congress makes
the laws that affect all the people, no I
matter what States or Territories they
live in. But when a man or a company
breaks a law, or somo person says a ;
certain man or a certain comnany
breaki a law, what happens?"
"The man, or tho officers of the com
pany, aro arrested and tried In court,
"That's right, and tho man. we'll say,
is tried In hla home town or home court
ty court." said Uncle Harry. "If he is I
found guilty, and the Judge will not give
hlni a new trial, his lawyer asks to be
allowed to appear before the State court, I
which Is higher. If the Judge gives him I
that permission, the lawyer appears be
fore the State court and tells all about
the trial and states whv he thinks a i
mistake was made. Then. If tho Judges
of the State court decide that the town I
or county court did not mako p mistake, I
but admit that there Is still some doubt i
about the man having had a fair trial. I
theso Judges of the State court give tho
lawyer permission to go before the!
United States Supreme Court, which is!
tne highest court of the country. If the
Supreme Court decides that the mam
had a fair trial then he muHt go to Jail
or pav a nne, whichever It was that tho
first Judge said ho must do. But If tho
Supreme Court decides that the man
did not have a fal- trial, then he lins
another chance ho la given new trial. j
una ms mwyer nas a secona opportun-
recentlv. ot Justice lamar. of Georntn
"The Senate has yet to confirm the ap
pointment. "How long do the 'Justices servo on
the Supreme Court7" asked Joe.
"Thoy are appointed by tho Presi
dent for life, but may retire when they
are seventy years old, If they want
A few minutes lator, as Uncle Harry
was putting on his coat, he turned to
Jimmy and Joe and said: "nomemtier,
boys, the Supreme Court of the United
States is the highest court In the coun
try; It always has the last say about
nil legal questions and has the power
to decided whether new laws, like the
income tax law, are In agreement
with, or contrary to, the United States
onstltutlon, which Is the tlrat nnd
highest law of all the people."
"If any of the other fellows want to
know about any news or questions of
any kind will you tell them?" asked
"lie clad to, answered Uncle Harrv
'Tell them to wrlto to me, care of The
Times, nnd I'll answer their ques
tions and give them all tho Informa
tion I can."
(Copyright. 1916. by the M-C Syndicate.)
Great Appalachian Reserve
Thrown Open to Campers
men Would Go on Record
Before Committee. '
Alt. Mitchell Forest, one of the most
beautiful or nature's gardens In the
Kastern part ot tho United States, lo
cated in tho heart of tho southern Ap
palachaln mountains, Is to be opened to
tho public Tor camping and recreational
To protect the superb primeval for
ests and tho vast natural water sources ,
tho Government acquired tho area or
tho reserve and later determined to
convert It Into a great playground lor
tho pconlo of tho cntlro country. Con
sequently, Chief Forester II, 3. Graves
has directed his department to prepare
complete maps and descriptions of tho
country constituting tho national park
which will bo turned over to the South
ern rnllwny ror distribution.
In the national forest the Govern
ment will endeavor to offer to nil who
may apply either for locations for cot
tages or sites for camps. Temporary
camp sites will bo free, while the per
mits for summer home sites will be not
less than $10. Tho only expenao which
will attach to living in the park, will
be the cost of subsistence.
Mt. Mitchell, from which the park
tnkea Its name, Is fi.711 feet high, tho
loftiest peak in Eastern North America.
Krom the giant peak spreads a pano
rama ot surpassing beauty, composed
In part of great gorges, contrasted with
weatherbeaten cliffs. For a background
there are the peaks or the Black moun
tains, many or them lifting their heads
more than 6,000 feet Into nxuro clouds.
From the foot of Mitchell stretches tho
Ashevlllo plateau, maintaining an aver
ago altitude of 2,200 feet, to the foot
hills of tho Blue nidge.
A beautifully colored photogravure.
entitled "The Cotton Plant" has Just
been Issued by the Southern Railway
Comnanv. and Is obtainable on applica
tion to W. II. Tayloe, the passenger
traffic manager of the company. The
picture portrays a growing cotton plant
in full bloom. And Is typical of the
States travorsed bv the Southern rail
way. There also Is an insert of an
actual slzo cotton boll.
National Quartet Will
Give Program for Blind
The National Quartet, composed of
Mrs Kllzabeth S. Maxwell, soprano;
William E. Bralthwalte. tenor; Miss Lil
lian Chenoweth, contralto, and Joseph
K. Pcoflcld. bass, with Miss Ethel Gar
rett Johnston at the piano, will give the
program for tho blind at the Library of
Congress, tomorrow evening, at 8:15
The urogram will be In four prts.
The anti-preparedness committee Is
seeking to have the last word In the
hearings before the Senate and House
Military Committees on National De
fense. An announcement given out by the
anti-preparedness committee says prep
arations are under way for a regular
field day for the opponents of "prepared
ness." They will be heard before the
Senate commltee tomorrow afternoon,
and before tho House committee
Wednesday morning. Their plan is to
havo the opposition to the President's
program voiced by distinguished repre
sentatives of labor, agricultural Inter
ests, church, business, and education.
Arrangements are being mado to obtain
for the hearings President John P.
White, of the United Mlno Workers of
America; President James H. Maurer.
of the Pennsylvania Federntkm nf T.n.
bor; Bishop Charles D. Williams, of
Jjeirou; resident Charles Barrett, of
the Farmers' Union, with headquarters
at Atlanta: Governor Capper of Kansas,
who entertained the President at To
peka: President Clarence Howard, of
the Business Men's League of St.
Louis, and Henry Ford. Miss Lillian D.
Wald. of tho Henry Street Settlements,
New York, who is chairman of the
"anti-preparedness" committee, will
speak on behalf of the organization.
The committee.' in a genial effort to
give Mr. Ford a brand now sensation,
ha offered to pay his expenses for tho
BY EQUITABLE LIFE
New Insurance Paid for During
1015 Totaled $158,456,612,
Maximum Allowed by Law.
The statement of tha Equitable Ufa
Assurance Society of the United States
gives evidence of the 'company's contin
ued progress. Increases are shown in
outstanding "insurance, admitted assets,
surplus. Income from investments, and
payments to policyholders. Of the 6,918
domestic death claims paid during tho
year, over OS per cent were settled with
in one day after the receipt of duo
proof of death.
The payments to policyholders in IMS
aggregated $68,371,188 which was t2.S50.000
more than was received In premiums
from policyholders during the same
period. The insurance on the company's
books now aggregates $1,529,800,000, an
Increase of J33.600.000 for the yee.r.
The new Insurance paid for during
1915 totaled Iin8.456.612. tho maximum al
lowed the company under the Insurance
law of New York Htate. The number of
policyholders Increased about 3Wr dur
Redfield Urges Closer
Relations in Commerce
Closer co-operaUon between the com
mercial organlratlons of the nation and
the Government Bureaus was predicted
Saturday night at the banquet given by ( exhibition
Secretary itedneid of me Department or
Commerce to the secretaries of com
mercial bodies at the University Club.
The conferences the secretary have
held here with Government representa
tives were declared to have been of Ines
timable valuo and it whs predicted their
effects would be felt In business circles
at an early date.
The eonferenco will close tomorrow
Washington Chapter Enters
Upon Ftnal Week, of Cam
paign for 5,000 Members.
With emphasis on tho naval ride of
the work of tho Bod Cross, the Wash
ington chapter today entered upon the
cloning weok of its campaign to set
5,000 members in Washington.
Reports for the first week's efforts
show 1,600 new members, making a
total of 2,500, half of tho number toward
which tho chapter is working. These
were obtained despite the Inclement
weather on two days last week which
handicapped the workers.
This afternoon nt 3 o'clock Passed
Assistant Surgeon W. E. Eaton, U, H.
N will deacrlbo tho personnel of the
medical service in tho navy. Ho will
talk of tho work of the hospital corps
man, his many dutlce, and nils techni
cal training at tho Hospital Corps
At 4:30 o'clock today. Surg. Charjes
G. Smith, U. S. N will describe hbw
the navy cares for, it sick, the "sick
hays" of battleships, and of the naval
hospitals located at various naval sta
tions. ..... . ...
Those lectures win iaae piacc at tnc
rhlhltlnn rooms. Thirteenth and V
streets, nnd the exhibition will be open
dalty until Friday. On that day former
President Toft will view it
Octagon House Reception
The Washington branch of the As
sociation for the Preservation of
Virginia Antiquities will blve a re
ception at the historic Octagon House
on Washington's Birthday. The af
fair will bo held from 4 to 6 p. in.
Mrs. Frances B. Collins.
Funeral services for Mrs. Frances
B. Collins, who died yesterday at
Emergency Hospital, aged sixty-six,
will be held at the chapel of John It.
Wright &. Co., this afternoon at 5
o'clot'k. Interment at Hlchmond, Va.
Dr. Elisha C. Etchison.
Funeral services for Dr. Bltsha C.
Etchison, who died yesterday, aged
alxty-seven. will be held at Qaithers
fcurg, Md., tomorrow at 2 o'clock.
Interment in Gaithersburg Cemetery.
Patrick H. KemtcIIy. '
Funeial services for Patrick H.
Kennelly. who died yesterday at his
rosidence, 224 Second street south
east, aged Heventy-two, will bo held
tncie Wednesday at 9 o'clock, and In
bt Peter's Catholic Church.
Charles A. Knockey.
Funeral services for Charles A.
'..incker. who died Friday at' his res
tonce, 1102 Seventh street northeast.
'II, be. held tomorrow morning, at t
" lock, in tho Church of the Holy
Miss Malle F. Moore.
Funeral services for Miss Malle F.
Moore, who died Saturday, will be
i eld from St. Paul's Church, Fifteenth
nd V streets northwest, tomorrow
ni 10 o'clock.
Charles Harper Skeer.
Funeral services for Charles Harper
Skeer, who died Saturday, were held
.it the residence of his mother, 314D
Newark street. Cleveland Park, this
Mrs. Sarah B. Wallace.
Funeral services for Mrs. Sarah B.
Wallace, who died Saturday, aged
sixty-eight, were held at the resi
dence, 713 Eighth street northeut,
Total of $3,295,000 Raised
From Sales by American
Red Cross in Nine Years.
The American lied Cross had an
nounced that 80,000,000 Christmas
seals, netting $800,000, wore sold dur
ing the holiday season. This far ex
coeds the 1914 record, when 55,000,000
seals were sold. In the nlno years
during which the sale of Christmas
seals has 'been In progress a total of
$3,295,000 has been raised to aid the
fight against tuberculosis.
Gratification was expressed by Red
Cross officials today ovor the show
ing during the recent holiday?, as the
generosity of the American people
had been drawn on heavily during
the year on account of war relief
New York Is credited with a sale
of 17.000,000 seals, an Increase of
4,000,000 ovor the preceding year. The
salo In Iowa showed an Increase of
230 per cent, reaching 2,000,000, and
and Missouri 165 por rent, bringing
that State's total to 3,000,000.
Since 1907, when $4,500 was raised
by the sale of seals In Delaware be
fore the plan was nationalised, the
annual salea have increased to $138.
244 for 190S, $237,163 for 1909, $304,320
for 1910, $339,666 for 1911, $384,999
for 1912, $436,314 for 1913, $560,000 for
1914, and $800,000 for 1915.
Big Increase Reported
In Laundry Industry
A big Increase In the laundry Indus,
try of the I'nltnl States, rrom 1909 to
1914, Is shown In a report Just Issued
by the Fnlted States Census Bureau.
Capital invested In the Industry in
creased 42.2 per cent, from $i,s,Kij,.ii
to $.iS,Oo5.(I. Salaries and wages in
creased from I.VS.OKJ.OOO to nearly JTL'.wn..
000, and the Industrj gave rniplorment
to 119.101 porsons In 19H, as compared
with 124.111 In 1909.
often sounds first in the doctor's office when some
healthy looking specimen of humanity, undergoing ex
amination for life insurance, is told that his blood pres
sure is too high.
Increased blood pressure is no longer confined to
old age; it is frequently found in men in their 40's who
arc otherwise healthy. In such cases it points to ap
proaching degeneration of the arteries a condition
which in turn indicates those errors of diet that often
end in various diseases of the stomach, kidneys, liver,
nerves and heart.
Among these errors of diet is coffee drinking, be
cause of the drug, caffeine, in coffee, the constant use of
which weakens the walls of the arteries. Medical au
thorities now insist that in all cases of high blood pres
sure there must be total abstinence from coffee, tea and
other harmful beverages.
Hard to give up coffee? Not at all, when one uses
instead the pure food-drink
This delicious beverage is made of wheat, roasted
with a little wholesome molasses. It is tjien reduced to
a soluble powder, a level teaspoonful of which with hot
water makes a perfect cup .instantly.
Instant Postum tastes much like mild Java coffee, but
.is absolutely free from the drug, caffeine, or any harmful
ingredient. It does contain those vitalizing elements of
the grain which make for normal balance of the system.
"There's a Reason"
Send a 2-cent stamp to Postum Cereal Co., Ltd., at
Hattle Creek, Mich., for a 5-cup sample of Instant Po.tum.
, LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY OF THE U. S.
120 BROADWAY, NEW YORK
The 56th Annual Report of the Society, which
will be sent to any address on application, shows:
NEW INSURANCE PAID FOR IN 1915. , $ 158.456,612
(Tho maximum which the Society waB permitted
to write in that year under the Insurance Law
of the State of New York.)
OUTSTANDING INSURANCE, DEC. 31, 1915 $1,529,886,053
ADMITTED ASSETS, DEC. 31, 1915 $ 546,961,912
GENERAL INSURANCE RESERVE $448,826,331
i OTHER LIABILITIES 10,079,766 $ 458,906,097
For Distribution to Policyhold
ers in 1916 ' $ 13,573,499
Held awaiting apportionment upon
deferred dividend policies 63,910,551
For Contingencies , '. . . 10,571,765 $ 88,055,815
RECEIPTS FROM PREMIUMS IN 1915 $ 56,015,862
RECEIPTS FROM INVESTMENTS $ 24,899,405
TOTAL INCOME FROM ALL SOURCES $ 83,290,810
PAYMENTS TO POLICYHOLDERS $ 58,371,388
During the year the Society invested $27,888,067
at an average yield of 5.067.
The Annual Report contains the Financial State
ment, verified by Certified Public Accountants,
schedules of investments, and full details regarding
the substantial advances made during the year.
It also describes a variety of new policies includ
ing one under which the Equitable will pay an income
for life to the person insured if he should become
totally and permanently disabled, as well as an in
come for life to the beneficiary after his death.
Of the death claims paid in the United States and
Canada, over 987 were settled within twenty-four
hours after receipt of due proof of death.
GEORGE C. JORDAN, Manager
Cor. Mth St. 2Vi.tr York Art. X. W
WASH1NGTOX, D. C.
i - , . i
iHMll M -M"M- H 'M lll'lll H-I 1 -I'll -M ! 1 III III M ! . M l-H-I- I-M III I II III I'lII M mT"lTH4
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