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THE WASHINGTON TIMES. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1D10. Utcliaahmjgton timci PUBLISHED EVBUY VEN1M ttncludlnr bundayti Hy ill? Washington TimeiTCompany, 'fHEJ, UUNBET BUU.DINO. Panna. t FRANK A. MUNSpY, President R H. TITHEMNGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasure!. . On Ttar UncludlntJ Sundays'). I1.M. tit ttontna. tl.li. Three Month. " .MONDAY, FEBRUARY 1910. t j CHILDREN OP THE COUNTRY Within tho past few years the be-J lief has grown that the evils of city life, even in the case of the children, havo been overdrawn. Mortality rec ords and a few incomplete surveys seem ' to Bhow that tho country, J wiwi us juck. ui Buiuuiry iiyioiii, is , not so healthful a place as was thought. But no study has been made sufficient to enable anyone to make a comparison. So far the activities of the Chil dren's Bureau, of tha Department of Commerce, Have been directed prin N cipftlly toward cities. It was in tho highly populated centers that the m6st effective work could be accom plished fet least cost. But the time has come when the bureau wishes to extend its activities to the rural' dis tricts. Every agency that now reaches into the small town and country districts, such as the rural nurse organizations, testify to the dire need of more attention to health of children in those sections. To do this the bureau asks that its appropriation be made $200,000, and that its staff be increased to eighty-eight members. This modest request for a bureau doing the work thiB one has performed ought to have easy going up on Capitol Hill. But, in view of the difficulty it had in getting $25,C00 at first, tho pres cnt measure may need some urging. Once more the attention of Con gress may have to be called to how .much we spend annually for protect ing the health of cattle. i SHOT AT THE DUTCH FLAQ The torpedoing of the Dutch tank steamer Artemis by a German boat in the North sea and the Berlin charges that another steamship, the Melanie, flying the Dutch flag but really a British craft, attacked a German submarine are perfect il lustrations of the distorted logic which is responsible for the Prus sian war machine running amuck against an enemy, against a neutral; against a friend. A British enemy has hoisted tho Dutch flag to deceive a German submarine; therefore it s the rigli of a German submarine to sink any boat she may meet flying a Dutch flag. Ninety-nine vessels cruising in the North sea and flying the Dutch flag may all be Dutch. A single vessel falsely flying the Dutch flag may be British. But it makes no differ ence treat them all alike! Don't find out what boat is British falsely flying the Dutch flag and what boats are Dutch honestly flying the Dutch flag. Sink them all and then, though you have to sink a hundred ships, ninety-nine, of them innocent and ninety-nine of them entitled to all the protectipn of neutrality, you'll get the one that isn't! The Berlin war-makers besran with that policy not only against Holland but against every seafaring nation on the globe. If they Had persisted in that run-amuck policy and there is no doubt that but for the Lusitania, the Arabic, and similar horrors too diabolic for the. best German sentiment to stomach they would have persisted in that policy Germany today would have every sea power in the whole world fighting her side by side with the present allies. And the Berlin mur der bund, with its deformed vision and topsy-turvy sense of war logic, would have called heaven to wit ness that all the races of Christen dom were wantonly and w:kedly falling upon a Germany as spotless ly pure as a sacrificial lamb. GOVERNMENT DERELICTIONS . Eighteen persons, afflicted with' tuDercuiosis, are at worK ac me Bureau of Engraving and Printing, and they cannot go to a Banitorium because they must keep ,on working to care for their families. That is' fc.v barrels of Kasoicno and therelinB T K ? y . ' " .t.- .. e r.:..- T. ra fcw Da"els." Kasolcne anu !nere, says the government will probably the statement of Director Joseph Ralph, in an address Saturday night. He added that forty-five such cases had existed at one time. ' Yet the Government undertakes to advise private concerns about the welfare of their employes. There is no complaint about that. But the condition at the bureau is on a par with the backwardness of the Gov ernment in applying modern ideas of ! -j'l 11... . -l riucicncy anu iiumuniiy iu inuiiy oi its own workers. To do what Director Ralph -recommends, send these employes away a year it Government expense, and continue their pay, is what many a private firm would do. It would not i this law of the 'Higher hconomics lie charity, it would be good business, under which all you htive to do to for as long as the employes stay protect the consumer of any com 'here 'hey are endangering the modity is to have the Government health cf those who, despite all pre- fix a maximum price on it? cautions, must come into some con - tact with them. Jfc'arc scales have long been notoriously low at .the bureau. It has beer, one of tho most backward, despito the efforts of its directors, in making propor' provision for the pay, ! for vacations, nnd for worktop- ioridl tions of its employes. In tho same week that Gen. W. C. Gorgas, sur geon of the army, Btated that, in liis opinion, low wnprcs constituted a fruitful cause of -.disease, Director Ralph cited the case of these cm-' ploycs, 'and urged, in addition to ho hasn't had opportunity to cdu measures for their relief, that $3 a catc himself in the Higher Eco day be made the minimum wage atjnomics; maybe he's more descrv- vne ourcau. in Mr. Kalph's opinion a mdn cannot support a family ade quately on $2.50 a day, yet that is just what many of the bureau em ployes arc trying to do. Alleviation of tho condition of many Government waee-earners could be brought about in many ways, nut tne business-like, and the obvious way to start is to provide some means for civil service pen sions. Such a system, if properly devised, would include provision for those temporarily incapacitated by tuberculosis nnd similar disease's. THE LUSITAN1 A "CONCESSIONS" To understand just what it is that Germany has "conceded" to he United States in its latest Lusitania note, it is necessary to consider the interpretation placed on the commu- mu- nication by the German press and , public. It is understood that Gcr many admits that American lives ought not to have been sacrificed as nn incident to reprisal against Great Britain, and therefore is willing to pay for these lives. But this does not disavow the act; rather, it is insisted, the act cannot be disavowed because it was per formed under orders. It does not carry any guarantee for the future, f wc v .Mgc from the German interpretation. In Berlin, it is said, the feeling is that if the United States acquiesces in settlement on this basis, the submarine warfare can be resumed; it will merely be necessary to go ahead sinking mer chantmen without notice, warning, or safety for non-combatants and neu trals, only reserving that the United States will expect to be paid for any American lives lost! i This is the bald statement of the case as German commentators view Dr. Brazil had produced a rattle it. How will it appeal to Ameri- snake serum designed to neutralize cans? After near a year of negotia- the effects of that reptile's bite, and tion, Berlin assumes to believe that a great victory has been won, inas- Now, convinced by this demonstra much as the United States is to be ' tion that his discovery is the real satisfied, and submarine slaughter is ' thing, Dr. Brazil is going to Texas, not to be sacrificed. Berlin is con-'the headquarters of the rattlesnake vinced that it is "too dangerous" for submarines to stop their victims and save lives on board; so it is really necessary to take off the last restric tion' that could interfere with free killing. And that is what will re sult, in Berlin's view, if the United States acquiesces in the latest state ment of the German attitude. President Wilson and his advisers have yet to decide whether they will accept the newest German proposal. Assuredly they should insist, before they act, on knowing precisely what Germany thinks it means by its pro posal. Acceptance of any Lusitania set tlement that would be followed by a resumption of slaughter on the high seas, -with merely the reservation that America would take money fori tions that might ensue from indul American lives incidentally lost, ' gence in the standardized preven- would not be a settlement. It would be the assurance that very soon aiand prescribed. Get in your order new and insurmountable crisis would learlv for the serum 1 present itself. The American peo ple will not submit to any adjust ment by which, on a cash basis, this Government issues license to kill Americans on the high seas. LANE ON GASOLENE PRICES In the name of clap-trap politics what does this man Lane, Secretary of the Interior, mean by attributing the high price of gasolene to a short age of supply and an increase of de mand? In his experiences with public af fairs and his familiarity with politi cal agitation hasn't Secretary Lano ever heard of the Higher Eco nomics? Doesn't he realiezs that, though there be only half enough Untcno tn ,rn nrmin.l V,nr-n i vt neetl for the price to go up if tho Government does its duty.' I Cant the Higher Ecoromic truth , penetratc his brain that if in tne . who!e United States there are only ' are severa million consumers, mere is no need of any of them payinn a cent more than if the situation I Women silpport the cigarette in-, f.,B0.,iVpnps? of Peru. h said. . .,. i i ., ' , , " I Much of Sir. Newmans talk were several million barrels on thejdustry, says New iork expert. But'teied about cun-n the ancient market and only half a dozen men wanting any of it? Doesn't Secretary Lane know that a distinguished statesman from Kentucky has before the House of Representatives abill making it possible for all consumers of gaso lene in the United States to get, whatever the supply, all they want pf it, whenever they want it, at n maximum price of 12 or 10 cents'or something like that, a gallon? Can't ! Secretary Lane get into his noddle i xou don t have to bother about providing a supply equal to the de maml. xou don't have to provide that the Belling price shall bo at least more than the cost of produo tion and distribution. You don't havo to provide for a single, solitary thing except that tho price shall be what the Higher Economist fixes it at. Maybe Secretary Lane doesn't de serve to bq lynched for not under standing and subscribing to the laws of these Higher Economics; maybe ,ing 01 pity tnan 01 pumsnmcni, But certainly he's no man to bo at the head of a great Government department having so much to do, with natural resources, natural products, and natural regulations. NO BOOZE? TAKB A SERUM! There is never a calamity so dire that its impending cloud docs not havo a fpngo of silver about its lining; no disaster so profound as to blast the hope that Bprings eter nal. The darkest hour is the har binger of dawn; and the day which alternates with night carries tho promise of that perfect day which shall know no night. Theso reflections, wrung from the shredded soul of an optimism that refuses utterly to be downcast, are l volunteered for the cheer of a com- :.. ...1,1.1. ,!,. r..., u'tll hospital, or that this perfectly in mumty. which today confronts the forrned( -llnplc nuturn, Mreu'ot a Kravc jjUBSiuiiuy mui jv. win pres ently become the unprotected victini of all reptilian attack; which reads in the daily Congressional Record the threat that its supply of essen tial remedies for snake bite is short ly to be taken from it. This town is liable to go dry ere long. It must cast about for new preventives. Tho-' need is pressing; and lo! the prom ise comes from no less authority than the snakeologist of the New York Zoo, that the need will be met! U.'e n Uitnl TJo,!l ,V, vcno is Dr. Kitol Brazil who rises to mi,. mniinunKiK rvYin Vinhlo -fnrtVi tVin , rWomiKP thnr"Vie will tnko rirn of , promise mat ne un lane care oi us in case Shennard shall denrive u of our long-accepted and firmly-re-lied-upon preventives. " It happens thus: Recently a big rattlesnake in the zoo stung a keeper, whose life was " saved onlv by most desperate means the serum saved the luckless keeper, j industry, to get a supply of snakes and make a sufficient quantity of his serum to insure protection for all. He expects to turn out a sort of compound serum that will be proof against all the reptilian poisons com mon to America; one little dose will do the business. All power and success to the good Dr. Brazil! He understands our needs, he comes in the hour of our great want. We will yet have the laugh on Sheppard. Every citizen of the District will require merely to equip himself with a phial of the Brazil anti-snake dope, and, if prohi bition shall at length be discovered htre in the act of prohibiting, he will take an occasional microscopic swig I at the serum and feel all the sensa- ; tives for such cases heretofore made They're Culebrating' now in Bo livia. Part of the La Paz has slid into the Ch etc., river. Whitman, also, seems to have been cooking up something during his stewardship. Yesterday was the anniversary of the U-boat campaign. Now, all to gether! Periscope! Submarine! Ziss! Boom! Rah! Really, Mr. Ufford, in a republic, you shouldn't refer to Washington as the potential queen of the cities. The first lady city of the land is- better form. ' i,mL Sus UI uaK "l ",u VieiTOan FPl.- t .AAUV.nA1.. iLa i - i lines was regular petardiness, wasn't Hereafter British financiers will probably practice safety first by see- , diatc a its war debts 1 the men buy them, it's a 10 to 1 bet There's a good paragraph some where in this Dietz, Cameron dam, Kamerun combination, but someone 1 has stolen the office codebook. Annual "Fnn1S f'nno-rocc" Annual roois v-ongress A Qaonrrprhnnrl TrnlrrU in. isuwii,s isuiiw luiuciii The annual "Fools Congress" of the Washington Saenprerbund lll he held this ovenliiff at SaenKerbund llall. 3H C street northwest. Che "Fools Contcress" Is One of the Institutions of the HaenRerhund year und the demand for .Invitations for the festivities is so great a limit Is placed. The Siiensrcrbuiid program for the 'season Includes a mastuera.l ball .ut Monda evenins and a u-nt em h-u nti.e Renins .r kmjtu. rj, f th leap yr bui. OUIRINAL PALACE IS L Ambassador T. N. Page De scribes. Work Being Con ducted in Home of King. How the magnificent nnd historic Qulrlnnl Palace In Home wnn trans formed Into a Hod Cross Hospital !s de scribed In tho American ncd-Cross Mag nzlno for February by Ambassador Thomns Nelson Vane. The transforma tion, it Is stilted, was brought nbout by Queen Helena who dally supervises the conduct of the hospital. Mr. Pago describes a tour of tho bis hospital with tho Queen ns a guide. Ho says: "In u few minutes wc were being shown evcrythlnK under tho personal guidance of her who, had shcnot been the Queen of Italy, might, from her per fect knowledge of every detail and tho simplicity with which she conducted ua have been Imagined only a courteous find accomplished hospital matron, trained all her llfo to attend precisely to tho duties of that position. There was no pretense at pa'radc. It wna all quiet, simple, natural, nnd co'mplcte. It was hard to tell which was tho moro In teresting reflection that tho Queen should be so simple, natural, and per foctIy informed as to every detail o hospital was tho Queen of Italy. 'the Qulrinal l'alacc was' tho summer palace of Popes prior to September HO. lbiU. Outside and Inside tho ruinous tapestries were taken down, and Am bussador Pago tolis how tho painting und cleaning and hygienic preparations ure carried on. '"Ihe gun room of the late King llnni belt is now it dihik'iiM.rv." he enntin- lll.fl ''1 tin I.IIH ...ft.. I..l.ll.... ..!!.. I ued. itu ewii itwn nuiuwif. uijtjii;iii anu surgical Ktipnllutf . the conscrva lory overlooking , the garden lias be come. bc-aiino of it liulil and nlrlnesj. j an opciatlig icom, and ns wc passed .v. u youn,' iviiow Miut .nnnigii tin. neck was having his wour.ds dressed." i tie icuuiury numoer ol uie ltingn i sine la in a new dtrss a fuur-coi.r ,t'OVer f dOSlgll yi)lllOleal Ot till! ltd u'iohs work, miiei ,.n.iininru ... t'oJIiti'i Kail MoUIm'. wife (if l!ie Dun- ' ill!, InJnjBt.cr lo Ceniliinv; Cera V. John"- ron, an Amorkan it.u cios supurv.s- . Jul.. Colder, sereta.y RED CROSS HOSPITA or me uermai and Auetri:in3-Hu,tgr- Auminisirauon iumnkii.-iuji-. -tun Ite'lef Socirij. , (.lilcuo. C M suit, theie has been absolutely no ac ne Forest, of the Society fcr tho StuUv and Pretention of lubctculosls, and many others. AGED MAN BADLY INJURED BY FALL Taylor Radcliffe Suddenly Be comes III and Drops Into Areaway. Taylor Radcliffe. seventy years old. employed nt the McUill building. 9H C. street northwest. Js at Kmereenev Hospital in u seVious condition as the. result of Injuries received when ho fell down tho areaway of tho McOIll building early today. Hadcliffe was picked up In an un coiiHcioim condition by Policeman Clay, of the F4m precinct. ,Utll he re gained consciousness at the hospital and expluined to tho police that he wu taken suddenly ill and fell, the authori ties were under the Impression that tho uged man had met with foul play. Opens "Junior Church" at Westminster Presbyterian The, Initial service In an interesting Innovation inaugurated by the Jtev. Dr. T. K. Davis, pastor of Westminster Presbyterian ChurclT. was held last night when the auditorium was crowd ed to capacity with old and young people to attend the "Junior church of the congregation. This new movement has for Its ob ject tho establishment of a real church of children, training them to know they are a vital part of the church of today and that they must realize their re sponsibilities. fhljdren acted as ushers, a children's choir rendered a pleasing program, and children gave object lessons illustrating tho building of the walls of Jerusalem and the walls of Bparta. Dominican Customs Rose 25 Per Cent in Last Year An Increase of 23 per cent In Domini can customs collections for the year lftl." over the preceding rear's collec tions Is reported by the Bureau of Insular Affairs of tho War Department today. Total collections for 1315 wer J .SS2.045.), as compared with W.OPi.584.77 the year before. Collections for De cember alone were $38,5.11, an Increase of 59,890.61 over the some month of M. The Increase of collections ror tne year enabled tho receiver of cus toms to apply f393.65S.13 moro than the minimum nmount reaulred for the slnit- ing fund to pay off the J20.000.000 debt of the republic. There Is now In this sinking tund W.823.S35.18, to be applied to the Dominican debt, the bureau re ported. Newman to Repeat His Lecture on Peru Today K. M Newman this nflernoon will Jepeat his fourth travel talk at tho llolasei). 'ihe subject Is I'eru, on which he Ifetured lart evenirK. Air. Newman painted as most hrlsrht the f-it'ire of Peiu. Purlnjr the Inst I wo decades vast irrigation projects have irrentlv Increase! the business k een- eapl- lal. and Lima, the present covern- nient seat. Trips to the Andes, with motion plftuins, were a feature. Bureau of Standards Man Talks to Pennsylvanians I T," ""'Mlelty and arproprlateness ',.f mine.se mmhnis were u.wn in- ! Henry D. Hubbard, of the Bureau of ..iiiiiaiiis. In an illustiated Ineturn In fore Hie 1'onnsvlvanla j?oeotv at 1101 E street northwest Saturday night. Other lealtltvs of the pri;rj-uin were contributed bv O. I'. I'arthemore, .Miss Minnie lUlenour. t'apt. O. K. l.oiVer. .Miss Frieda MarUs. Mrs. Ag nes ntnjroK.M, Mrs. Julia ilyan, Mr. Ifnheit W. Inmbeison Miss Mabel Hubbard, nnd Warren Seltrer. ' Thieves Get $109. Iliii-tlnrs Mule $109 't 010 ocelipan's ol lO'ii 1-: stieet tioithxvest eatly to c.av The utims and their loses art Aubr. tiliisscorh. $S Charles V. Walter. 1, and Tb&d U. Jonti. I. Borah to Force Debate Of Federal Ownership Senator, Who Threw Wrc nch Into Administration's Transportation Inquiry, Says Time Has Come to Study Problem, as Government Regulation Has Failed. By JUDSON C. The stare Is now set for a new devel opment of th governmental policy to ward regulation of transportation In this country. Senator Horah lit coin? to force a discussion of Government ownership as tho alternative for regulation of car riers. A number of tho radically dis posed Senators are sympathetic vlth his effort, and the subject Is likely to bo Opened wide oy tho Senate Vllhln tho next few days. When Senator Xewlnnds. on December 17. Introduced a resolution for creation of a Joint Congressional commission to sti'dv the whole subject of transporta tion regulation, nobody dreamed, least of all tho AdmlnlHritlon forces, that public ownership would be forced Into tho consideration. Hut Mr. Horah promptly submitted an amendment to tho resolution, directing that the com mission should Include in its Mdv the subject of Government ownership, and he Is determined that the proposition shall not be rejected without a tight. Viewed As Plan To Evade Issue. Mr. Ilornh. along with more than a few other Senators. Inclines to tho opin ion that the Administration proposed the commission investigation, not be cause theie was any f iced for investiga tion, but because the pendency of such an ambitious program could t.n made the excuse, for an Indellnlte fine, mr sidetracking other regulative measures. Tho Democratic partv was pledged by the Baltimore platform particularly to tho development cf regulatory legisla tion in the direction of control of cecur ity Issues Shortly after the "Wilson Administration came into power, it was Klvcn out that this legislation was to bo j nrrsaeili lull Ihls wna followed after the legl8lallon had been intioducel by a ,,,. . ,,.. none t , r.a "". n'vlcrl .T!""""0" '-. I romii!lahmMit along this line olnce the wiison regime came Into control. in IiIh nddresN to CoiiKris at the opening of the picseni session. Presi dent Wilson devoted considerable at tention and emphasis to the idea that the time had come, for a ge.neral survey of the whole transportation prohlem with a view to determining what steps should be taken and meas ures adopted next. The importance which this proposal was given in the speech from the throne occasioned considerable wonderment. This was rather accentuated when on Decem ber 17 Senator Newlands Introduced a joint resolution reciting that various leguiatory measures were penuuiK Congress: that the Interstate Com- .i.. rnmmlailnn ban made various rrenmtnundiitions as to regulation. that for many ears a system of both Stat and Federal - regulations lias been In effect; that there have been conflicts between the two plans of regulation: and that, on the whole. It Is desirable to have a general sur vey of the experience and the result of regulation to date. Therefore, It Is provided that a commission of Senators and Kepre seutatives, five from each house, shall make a general Investigation and sur vey of the whole subject, and In re porting shall Indicate conclusions as to the success of regulatory measures to this time, and the measures that ought to be adopted for the future. ,Thcn Came Borah Bolt. The resolution went to the Com mittee on Interstate Commerce. anJ shortly afterward Senator Borah In troduced his amendment to It requir ing that the commission snould specifically look Into the Government ownership of carriers. This amend ment was received much as If a farm hand had chucked a monkey wrench into the gears of tho machine. Tho Newlands r solution had not aimed at anything oulte so broad and inclusive. Senator Iiorah promptly in dicated that ho ccpeUed borne funda mental and erseiitlul things to b con hldered. Bpenklnr of theso 'tunda- fentals. he said today: "Wo have had about a generation of romilatlon of transportation, with vary Ing results. Now the great irittcns of the world, nllh the exception of our own. nro encaged In an unprecedented warfare An incident t this has been the recognition of difnrutli-s lr eco nomic adjustment which have led all the warring countries lo adopt new methods Not nnl h-e the railroads of Great Britain been taken over tn the control of the goi-fnment. h.it Xn all of the waning reentries govern ment has npsiincd tn exercise such functions as the fi'ng of prices ard the control of suni'lles of the neceesa rles of life Thre thlncs have been done because tinier the sttess of grave na tional necessity It has been assumed that g"nt rcelal efficiency and eco nomic efficiency could bo acMoed through such means. Would Not Surrender Control. " If It bo assumed that theso measures are necessaty In times of war because they can bring nbout greater economic and social efrtcleney, then it is quite Impossible to nssume that when peace shall return to the world they will bo abandoned. For example, the British railroad were taken hit by the gov ernment as a measure of military an.l economic necessity. l"oes anvbody imagine that those rullrancm will ever be 'cturtied to tho stems that they oc cupied heforo this wr. Certainly not "There Is an Important consensus of opinion of railroad- presidents, finan ciers, and managers, to tho effect that regulation has been carried to the point where Its Incapacity tn meet the neees slt of the case has been demonstrated. Hevnnd that, lies the great unexp'ored realm of public ownership The rest of the world has had a good deal of ex perience In that realm. We have had nnnA if it shall he held that regulation Is not the solution of our difficulties, and that nn alternative must be sought, then the obvious alternative Is public ownership; and It is necessarv that we realize this fact and set ourselves about the studv of the problem In order thnt we mav'be equipped to handle It. Tf wo ore to have public ownership of common carriers. H Is at least a matter of ten years' study, contemplation, and prepa ration before we can hope to be pre pared to deal with It It Is none ton rood for us to begin to look Info these question'." Borah Plans To Lead. Senator jjorah has not committed him-' setf to the Government ownership side of the question, lie merely takes the ground that the time .has ronie when It must be recognized that Onvcrntnent owncishlp is the obvious alternative If Government regulation shall piovai -satisfactory Hut public men liar Vn peculiarly interested in Mr Itornh'a pousai ot tins view, necause ne i on ol UitAUOgtat rasmb-VJ" Qt tho toaatf, WELLIVER. has been prominently mentioned as a Presidential possibility, and is widely looked upon ns one of the men who In the future must bo considered In Presi dential connection. For this year, Mr. Borah has Insisted that ho will not be a Presidential candidate. He is generally looked upon as the aspirant for leader ship of radical sentiment in tho fu ture. His assumption of the public own ership Ibsuc as one of the urcat pro posals on which future campaigns must be conducted is, therefore, re garded as tho evidence that ho In tends to Ueep himself In the fore ground of public thought and In tne leadership of those forwurcl move ments which he believes representa tive of the tendency of the times. In speaking of the public owner ship discussion Mi. Bo lull today called attention to the recent article of Otto II. Kahn. of Kuhn. Ioob & Company, in which Mr. Knhn dis cussed the question of "The Govern ment and tho Haflroads." In this article Mr. Kahn very frankly point ed out the difficulty of public ad l'ltnistratlon of the railroads and sug gested the Idea that government own ership must become the alternative If regulation shall not prove satlsfac toiy. Senator Borah observed that there was now a very Important Im pressive consensus of the opinion of lnlliOHil presidents und flnanclcts In agreement with this vlv of Ml. Kahn's, and, as this seemed in no wise out of lutimony with a large and increasing body of public opinion, Mr. Horah believed the time was ripe for a frank and outspoken public con sideration of all the elements 1n olved in the problem of public own ership. P IN CAPITAL TODAY Ieturc, "nobert Brownlnr." Dr Oiarlea Wood, Iw-foro Colonial Uamea. In tlubhoue, 4 '30 p. m. Luncheon, Itrtall Merchants' .i."OClatlon. to hrar John T. Kir by. Commercial Club, 32.30 i. in McHlmr, Stonenall Jackaon Chapter. No. Z0. 1'nltetl Dauahlera ot the Confederacy, In hall, k p. in. Entertainment. National Library for the Illlnri, W"J II street northwest, g p. in. MeetliiK, 1'etnorth Woman'a Club, 1'etuurth M. E Church. S p. in. Meeting-. North Waahlngton Citizens' Associa tion, Cage Hchool, Sceund atreet, near li vtreet northwest. S p. in. Concert, V. S. Marine Hand Orchestra, Ma rine IlarracKs. 2.30 p. in J-ecture, Dr. Ilarey W. Wllev. before Pa renta' lenKue of the third dhlalon, Wilson Normal School. S 30 p. in. Meeting-, to discuss tbt- Sheppard prohibition bill, Retail Merchants' Association, New IVlllftrd, 8 p. in. Meeting, to form legion for t'nlled Plates defense. National (iuard Armi ry. 44S 1. strnel northwest, t l. Hi. Christian Undcaxor rally. Vermont Acnue Christian Church, with addresa by lir. William Rhaw. p. ni Annual "Fool's Session" or "N'arren Fot sunu." of the Washington Saengerbund, club house, 314 C street northwest. p. ni. Ha nqnet, .Washington alumni ot Michigan rnlveralty, nauscher'a, 7. SO p. in. Itecltal. tracing deelopment of sons; ftom the earliest to the most modern tomposcrs, Nicholas Doutv, under auspices of the Wash ington Society of the Fine Arts, audi torium. National Museum, 8:11 p. in. Masonic llenjamln II. French. No. 13; Ana roatla. No. II. I'entalpha. No -3; Orient, No. S; Knights Templar: Ituth. No. 1, Eastern Star. Knights of Pthlaa Amarantha, No. TJ. Cen tury. No 30. Odd Fellows Ijingdon, No. ZS; Union, No. 11; lleacon. No IS. Maccabees National Tent degree work. Guardians of Llbert Perpetual Uulldlng, 8 p. in. Soctallsts-Tallor'a Union. T. P. S. I study class Lecture, Miss Isabel Holbrook. tinder auspices of the National Theosophtcal Society, Uld Masonic Temple, S.15 p. m Address. "The Quitter." nev. Edward Ti. Stone, before Men's ltlble claa of Tlrat Presbyterian Church. 8 p. m. "Safetv first Night." Hullders and Manu facturer' Exchange. Til Thirteenth street northwest. S p. in Amusements. National "The Masked Model.' '15 p. ni. elasco-"A World of Pleasure, :.'o p. m. I'oU'a ''House ot a Thousand Candle, k:l5 p. m. Keith's Vaudeville, 2:15 and S:1B p. m. Gavetv nurlesque. 2:15 and S:15 p. m. !' Columbia Photoplajs. -jo a. n), n in. tn 11 Tomorrow. .Siiartu. " Mrs. Pliilln w.n. AiMrras. inty cYu wio a m C "" rHe"tloln iiinMri-i ana unnce, lounR Women s Hebrew Ahsorlatlnn. old Masonic Temple, : 15 p in Annual meetlnx. Chamber of I'omnier.e of the I'nlted States. New Wlllaril. 10 a. in I'roKrnm for the blind, Library of Coucrcss. .15 p. ni. MeetlnK to protest acainst provisions ef the, Sheppard prohibition bill. District lietall Druggists' Association. College of l'har nary, t p. in. Historical lecture. V. A. Coombe. before Sons of Courraernte Veterans, Confederate Memorial Hall, 1J.J Vermont avenue north west. 8 p in. Illustrated lecture. "The Bov Scout Move ment." J. W. Patton. Home Club. ( :15 p. m Lecture. "Modern Methods of Handling; De fectives nnd Criminals," A H. Whltaker. before llrookland llrotherliood. Ixird Me morial Hall. 6 p. in Address. Justice W. P SlafTord. liforo Washington section. Council of Jewish Women. Eighth Street Temple, .' 39 n. in. Masonic Federal, No. 1, Acclu, No. IS. T.t knma. No. JO: Mount Ilorei, No. 7: Po tomac. No. S. Royal Arch Chapter": Klerta No. :. Hethleheiii. No. T; Krlen J.hlp, No. 17. Hastem Star. Knlglits of Pvtlilns Capital. No :i: Websur. No. .: Kxcelslor. No H: Mvrtle. No. si. Odd Fellows (lolden mile. No 21: Amity No 27; Washington, No. I; Columbia. No. 1 encampment. Natlonnl I'ulon Headquarter open. Sons of Confederate Vctcrans-WasliliiKton I'niiip. No. 30. Confederate 'lull. Crescent lieiievnlent Association-Dance Pa ciiKPrbund Hall. Knights of Columbus-Washington Council. Socialist IVirty lecture. "Sot-I.ilisin nnd th Woman Movement." Juliet Stuart i'oynts. I'vthlnn Temple. 8:15 p. in ... .- . - Meeting, cnapln Chapter of he Woman's Christian Temperance t'nlon, 5)i Jxtli street northwest, 2 p. m. Kxhlbttlon. irymnastlc work, Yo mr Women's Christian Association, at Church of the Kplphanv gymnasium. liT o street niirth- vvest. S p m. Illustrated lecture. "Washlnrton. Past and Present. Fred I.. Fl'bhnck. -Wore Mary Washington Xhapter. District I). . n , nt Washington Club. 4 10 p. m. Discussion. "Tho Welfare of the Child." Ils trlct Congress of Mothers, Hume I'lun, it a. in. Colonial Dairies to Hear Two Lectures This Month The committee on entertainment of the Colonial Dames. has announced two lectures at Us i-lub house this month Thl afternoon at t:S0 o'e'oek I))'. Charles Wood vv i, Rive nn adtltesi i on rtohert nrownlng, nnd on February ;i at the same hour Henry s. CJ raves. forester of the United States, will speak on Alaska. WHAT'S 1 H GERMAN FAIR TO BE GIVEN TO AID WAR RELIEF FOND Genuine 'Uahrmarkt" in Odd Fellows' Hall for Widows and Orphans. SOCIETY WOMEN TO HELP Diplomatic Representatives of Central Powers Interested. Last Week. A real German "Jahrmarkt," a fair that will establish a precedent In such things in the District, it Is promised, will be opened nt Odd Fellows Hall. Seventh street, between D and K. streets, next Monday. It will bo under tho nuspiees of prominent pocicty wom en and members of the German soci eties, and is designed to help the fund being ralsel for the bone'lt of tho Ger man and Austrian widows nnd orphan of the European war. Tho fair will bo open one week, and it is promised that geliulno "Jahr markt." with all of the trimmings that can ho supplied by local resources and Airicrlcan ingenuity, will be tho result of the efforts of the committees that have been working weeks for the affoli The decoration of tho hall and con struction of the numerous bootlis nnd special sections begins this week, and for the entire week tne worn oi trans forming the big auditorium and its sui toundlng rooms into a faithful repro duction of bits of the Fatherland will continue. Committee Successful. Tho committee In charge of the af fair has worked unceasingly to interest the members of the German societies and the prominent women of the Dis trict, who have given much time to this sort of thing, and Is well satisfied with its success. Sirs. Stephen Panarctoff. Mmc. Abdul Hak Hussein, Princess von Hatsfcldt-Trachcnberg, Mrs. Hlch ard Townsend, Mrs. Robert S. McCor mlck, Mrs. E. Rollins Morse. Mine. Christian Hauge, and Mrs. Wesley Merritt have not only accepted the roles of patronesses of the fair, but the) have given much time to working for It The German ambassador. Count von Mernstorff, Baron Erich Zwledlnek. charge d'affclres of the Austrian em bassy, nnd others connected with the diplomatic service of Germany and Austria have taken an active interes In the fair, and have helped the local committee in charge with suggestions Martin Wclgand is chairman of the committee In charge and Gustav Ben- uer is in cnarge or the publicity. Official Sponsors. The ladles' atixiliniy committer of tho German-American Relief Commit teo ore the official sponsors for the fair nnd haTe charge -of the active work of preparation. They are being assisted by the members of the ladies' uld so cieties of the German olurclies ana havo enlisted the services of the Ger man women o: all creeds and denom inations in the an air. The plan for the fair calls for thf construction of a series of booths, each of which will be typical ot the same iort of bocth at u 'Jahrmarkt.' Then will bo a flower booth, ?. Turkish cafe, nn ice cream pavilion, a shooting gal ltry. a dancing "green." n "midway." a "Nuremberg urstgloeckle,'' n '"Ger manla'' booth, where the ""inplng :;o cletles will hold forth ns the yuesls or tho Germania Mneniterchor. ami a hos of features that hae not et been liam"d The booth attendants all will be dress ed In the costumes of some part of Germany or Austria, nnd the decora tions of the hall and the various sec tions of the fair will he in the colors of the two Central European nations. Wearers and Costumes. Many of the fair wearers of these cos tumes were born in the countries thuy jepresent, and some of the costumes, are those that hae been worn by the men and women of the two nations for generations, and aro still to bo seen tn some parts of Germany and Aus tria. The various committees announce that this Is the most Important effort thn German nnd Austrian relief organiza tions have made in the District to help the fund for the widows and orphans, and while it is a charitable affair in every particular. It Is the Intention of those in charge to give an exhibition and to sell articles at the booths that I . ill hn iniruisif.ui v wni-T n m-n.i mrtr,. m 111 be Intrinsically worth ovon more than the small sums asked. OR. AOA H. THOMAS SPEAKS AT I. III. C, A. Makes Principal Address of Day in Jubilee of Foundation of National Organization. Dr. A tin. n. Thomas, of Ihe board of directors of the V. V. C A., was tb principal spenker nt the tlrst of a series of icllglotis services in Cf'niiinctlon with the jubilee belli? conducted by tho . AV. C. A In commemoration of tho founding of the association. Tho ser vice was held nt Ihe headquarters of thy Y. vV. C. A. yesterd.w afternnor. T)r. Thomas chtllntd the history if tho V. V. f A. movement, parlctilarlv ns It pertained to the District. Mrs. Wood bury I'r.lslfcr. the only member of tho presnt board of dlt'ctors. win has served continuously since the ronvd was orgnn'7ed, ehven yearn nso pre sided -at the meelluc M'ss J.uckv rtrleklnsteln sang Mcwr'l ronas from German folk lore Ml "llwibetli Pierce, nnolher dlrei tur off.'red p-$-ei. Tho Snndnv vwci erv ce wl be cortineed through 1'el.rn-rv. P.pghmlnf VVrdnesdnv. the head pinrtets will Ti open to the nubile for Inspection. The gymnasium diss under i'" supervision of he Instructor. Mls Helen M. y man. will give nn cih'ldtinn in Tues -dny nljlit in tho Krlpbaity pirlnh hall Fraternity Banquet. "Wpnt I'in'ernnllBii) Mesns" w ilu cned hv Hionrdn .appone bef.ir lo- i Chapter of Ihe Csmma Kta Minium I enl Kriiteriutv of Ccotuctov n I - versltv at Its banquet at 11h ltntelgb I Bnturdav night rtav Illldcbriind poke ' on "1'reparednuis In the Law."