OCR Interpretation

The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, March 24, 1916, HOME EDITION, Image 8

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1916-03-24/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 8

By The Washington Timca Company,
TITO MUNSRY nOlf.DINO. lenn. Ave.
RANK A. MUNSEY, President.
,-JL H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary.
O. H. POPE, Treasurer.
On Yr (Ineludlnr Sunrtavai. 13.10.
I BU Months, tt.75. Three Month. Mc.
rmuvx, MAUUI1 Z4 1U10.
When Messrs. Jesse Willard and
Frank Moran enter the ring at New
York there will bo more at stake
ttan the purse for which they will
feattle. Even this sum, mounting in
Bite to tho wcllrknown king's ran
som, will not represent what really
depends upon the conduct of this
gladiatorial spectacle. s
The light will offer another chance
for the rehabilitation of prize fight
ing. Once rated among the most
jiopulr of all sports and styled
the manly art, pugilism, through
the machinations of its alleged
friends, came into such disrepute
that it has been barred in most
American commonwealths.
The Willard-Moran bout will be
wnder the direct supervision of the'
Nbwj York State commissioners. It
is the duty of this board to see that
all tho rules and regulations sur
rounding the fight are religiously ad
hered to. To its credit it must be
aid that all of tho preliminary ar
rangements appear to be distinctly
"en.tho level."
If properly conducted the meeting
of Willard and Moran may redound
to the permanent benefit ofpugll
ism; let some untoward incident oc
our, 'a "fake" bo suspected, or the
vast throng become unruly, and prize
fighting will be speedily relegated to
depths from which it will rcq-uire an
other decade to emerge.
Some of the most thought-provoking
testimony yet brought out in
Washington this year at any of tho
numerous Congress hearings was
given this week by E. R. Grace, pres
ident of the Bethlehem Steel Com
pany, before the House Naval Af
fairs Committee.
One of the striking points made by
Grace has an importanco far above
the merely incidental treatment he
gave it. Grace boldly predicted that
most, if not all, the South and Cen
tral American states would become
involved in any war in which the
United States was a participant.
This prediction is not new, but it
comes 'just at this time with author
ity, for probably only tho diplomats
themselves know, more intimately
than the armor makers, the under
currents of diplomacy, which deal
with possible war and its reaction on
international relations.
Grace did not say on which side
our Latin neighbors to the south
were likely to bo found, nor did he
reveal on what he based his predic
tion. It is probable he had in mind
attempts of America's foes to seize,
after war had been declared, portions
of the rich continent now protected
only by the Monroe doctrine from
expansionists. This may be perfectly
true, but to us it seems more likely
that the same Monroe doctrine will
be the primary cause of any war in
volving both the United States and
our sister states to the south.
South America is too tempting a
field for land-hungry nations, urged
pn by the press of over-increasing
population, to neglect forever, if
they see any chance to get away
wjth it Strange it is that consider
ation of this phase of the necessity
fer arming ourselves properly in
time receives so little consideration
in the discussion of preparedness,
for, if there is anything inevitable in
this world it is that those who as
sume intercontinental responsibili
ties must some time be called upon
t support them.
Widespread agitation for the pur
chase of the Dean estate for use as
public park is well directed. But
ne other item in the District esti
mates should not be neglected. That
fj the recommendation of the pur
chase of tho Patterson tract, in the
northeast section, for $500,000.
As much as any Washingtoniun
would like to sec the historic Dean
ejatato preserved as a park, he who
surveys the relative need of the two
auctions, the rich section about the
former, and the large congested area
qf small homes in the. vicinity of the
Patterson tract, must come to the
conclusion that the northeast need
for a park is much stronger than
that of the northwest.
Within a few blocks of tho Dean
estate is Rock Creek Park. Five or
six blocks to the east is the Mt.
Pleasant playground, at Fourteenth
street and Park road. Even nearer
is the smaller summer playground at
1840 Kalorama road. All about this
section are small parks which afford
breathing spaces.
The entire northeast section has
not a single large park. Nearly a
mile away from the Patterson tract
is Stanton Square. Only one play
ground is to be found in the north
cast, the Rosedalc grounds, nearly a
mile from the Patterson tract.
Even the southeast' is better off
than tho northeast when it comes to '
narks arid Dlavffrounds. The north
east development has been rapid, and
the recent polico census indicated
how remarkable that growth has
been. Tho Patterson tract is in tho
path of tho small homo development
and stands an excellent chance of
being cut up into building lots un
less tho Government buys it.
As a problem of the greatest good
to tho greatest number, the invest
ment of $500,000 in tho eighty-one
acres of tho Patterson estato looks
like a better proposition than tho in
vestment of $625,000 in the Dean es
tate. There are tho strongest sort
of reasons whv both nhnntH h. .-
chased, and purchased now. But if
citner purchaso has to be delayed,
and oven if the Dean estate, as
Claimed. WOUld cost morn tiovf in.
the residents of the northeast have a
strong case in their argument that
it id high time n park was forthcom
ing in their, section.
Colonel Roosevelt will arrive ii
New York 'some time this evening
from his trip in the. West Indies
and his homecoming is regarded
universally by politicians as likely
to be highly significant. During hi
absenco from tho country the ono
most important political develop
ment was the issuance of his state
ment at Tort of Spain, in which he
mado clear that he doesn't want to
be President of the United States
unless the United States wants him
to be President of it.
Nobody, no score of men, have
done so much sinco the European
war began to impress the Aincricar
people with the weight and serious
ness of their obligations in thit
sadly muddled world as has Theo
dore Roosevelt. He is one man whe
from the ycry beginning has evi
denced a correct realization of the
fact that this country occupies tb,t
nosition of trustee for civilization.
He has endeavored in every possible
way to unify and consolidate the
sentiment of the country. He 1ms
insisted that in such a crisis as the
present, to neglect preparation for
any eventuality, to refuse to realizo
the dangers of our position, to In
dulge a fatuous feeling of security
when there is no such thing as se
curity in this world, is utterly in
excusable. It is perfectly plain that during
the weeks of Colonel Roosevelt's
absence the sentiment in favor of
his nomination as the Republican
candidate has grown by leaps and
bounds. Men who four years, and
three years, and two years and one
year ago would have preferred to
see the Republican party disor
ganized and defeated rather than
victorious under Roosevelt, arc to
day in favor of his leadership. They
recognize it as the only big and
truly national leadership that is
being offered to the country.
In declining to lot his name sro
before the primaries in the various
btates, Colonel Roosevelt has simply
taken the position that he does not
want to lead unless thero is real
and spontaneous demand for him.
The existence and tho widespread
character of that demand can no
longer be questioned even by those
who arc still antagonistic. .The
next few weeks seem certain to
bring political developments of the
very first importance.
CREASES The beginning of disintegration of
the Carranza military power is
powerfully suggested by the with
drawal of a force of 2,000 of his
vory best troops, and their joining
Villa. It must always be remem
bered that the Mexican soldier, as a
rule, has no particular byalty to a
rniiHp. thnuch he Vine snmi rlnmnn.
tal patriotism that attaches him to
his country. But his real attach
ment is to the military commander
under whom he serves. That is why
the generals arc almost always po
litical generals; the more successful
they may be in their military enter
prises, the more they attach their
men to their personal fortunes, by
just that measure they also become
more important politically.
It becomes a question, then, large
ly of the disposition of n group of
military men. Villa at ono time
seemed the idol of tho military chief
tains, becauso ho was the sort of
dashing commander that won battles
and was quite amiable with regard
to the conduct of his troops; if thr.y
saw something they wanted they
were Jikely to take it and be assured
that no difficult questions would be
Can Carranza hold his military
chiefs to his cause, as against an
"invasion" by Americans? That is
the, big question right now.
It would be easily enough answer
ed if tho United States were in posi
tion to pour into Mexico an over
whelming and impressive force of
soldiery, which should make the
Mexicans understand that no coali
tion of their factions could possibly
nffcel the ultimate result. But wc
cannot do that. If tho whole army
of 100,000 men that this country
possesses could be hurled across tho
border and rcsistlessly sweep
northern Mexico, there would bo
littlo danger of the Carranzistas de
serting to Villa; their interest in tho
preservation of their own skins
would be the guarantee against such
an event. But, contrariwise, the
United States has a littlo expedition
ary forco that has already been cut
off from communications, and that,
as it advances farther into tho coun
try, will be constantly in increasing
danger from this cause.
It is understood that the situation
is regarded so gravely by the War
Department that the , znllltary
authorities have seriously cbntcm
plated a calf for the militia of the
States. Such a call, of course, will
not be issued until' it is very evident
that tho emergency demands it; but
thecmergency seems to be growing
more serious with every hour.
It is an impressive lesson that tho
country is getting concerning the
necessity of being ready to mako a
show of real power, real authority,
at least on this continent. Wc tiavo
for four years faced a condition in
Mexico from which any 'reasonable
person might have assumed that
some form of ,, intervention would
sooner or later be forced upon us.
For near two years we have viewed
the European conflagration', and yet
thero has been nothing in all this to
inspire serious efforts at prepara
tion for eventualities. Now the
eventualities some of them arc
here, and the country has opportun
ity, if not leisure, to ponder them.
Something real and substantial in
tho way of army expansion must
be provided at the present session of
Congress It will not bo enough to
discuss academic plans for armies
that will be trained in some combi
nation industrial-military school or
institute, after such establishments
shall have been planned and organ
ized. That might provide an army
big enough for a bandit hunt, at the
end of a few years. But Villa is not
going to be so accommodating as to
postpone his enterprises till it Bhall
suit our convenience. He has nicked
the present as quite the most ac
ceptable time to make his bid for
place as a national hero; jind he is
by way of making Uncle Sam a
plenty of trouble.
Well, the year's in the spring, the
squirrels arc in the parks, and have
you heard that if the Romans hadn't
lived in apartment houses Gibbon
might have been shy a classic? If
violins hadn't been invented, Nero
might not have fiddled after the
alarm had been turned in.
W Several gentlemen explained to n
ashington audience the other
morning how the apartment house
wended its serpentine way from
Rome northward, skipped over Eng
land, laitddd plump in the United
States, and behold! There are men
in Washington who can't make their
own furnace fires.
To have a home, a la John How
ard Payne, one must expose the four
walls thereof to the breezes, and in
trench the family therein to preserve
its "integrity." Raymond Hitchcock's
"Oh, How I Love My Little Bachelor
Apartment," even with the "bach
elor" left out, is the battle song of
modem decadence.
Now, why, pray, must the head of
a family know how to mako his fur
nace fire? Wo warrant thero nre
women in these safe- npnrtments
who could not run a spinning wheel,
or turn their hnnd to churning but
ter. Feminism has relieved the
woman of thnt drtidgcry, but mnscu-
linism seems not to have held its
One of the speakers went so far as
to attribute the success of Germany
in tho prrscnt wnr to tho fact tint
her families flocked by themselves.
As a strict matter of fact we have
it from other sources that these
Germans hnve conceived, to a
marked extent, the happy thought of
the community apartment house, in
which the dwellers hold stock, and
they may sell this stock to other
tenants when they get out.
Days when the kindling had to bo
cut, the cows to be brought home,
the chores to be done, when one's
face scorched and back froze beside
the open fireplace, have a memory
mellowed by passing years. But
even those who acclaim the value of
these things do not show signs of
reverting to that habit of life.
In factories, stores, industries,
things havo been straightened out,
and efficiency has been gained by co
operation. Why not in tho homo?
Yes, the "home" part of a house is a
spiritual attainment; why should the
dumbwaiter and the janitor bo
such bugaboos of the home bpirit?
Ab a matter of fact they are not.
Home life survives in apartments,
and survives more fully bccauBo of
the irksome duties that need not bo
done. Across n span of years ono
may catch a glimmer of spiritual
significance in attending tp the fur
nace, shoveling the snow, and wash
ing off the front porch; but the
glamour of tho furnace grows colder
as proximity to the glowing coals
grows closer.
Safety first: Hide the' carpet
beater, old man.
Anyway, what's tho us.o? If Eu
rope over gets out of the trenches,
it'll be into a rut.
Daily Star Seriously Suggests
German Fleet May Be Sent
Out With Transports.
LONDON. Mnrell ?Tlii. ),. nrmn
fleet. If it comes out to do battle In tbe
North 8ca, will bo accompanied by
scores of transports carrying1 troops for
an Invasion of Knrlnni! wm orlntialv
suggested In nh article- appearing- today
" uie unity star.
The 8tar, which recently gave wnrn-
lllaT thnt rumnm nt hm n......... .itn...
..... v. ,,UT1 vavmiaii nuj'Vi-
ureadnaughta equipped with seventeen-
til guns may ic round tiue. declared
tho War Office fllllv rrullroa Hi riinniri
Of SUrll nil Invasion nnrl la ImmIhi
large forco of men In England to mcut
mo expecteu attack.
"There la a arrowlnar tnoiinr (hat an
attempted German Invasion of our east
ern coast during the next week or o 1
quHo on the cards." said the dtar.
.i . ,c.ro nre mnny ln Kftt Amelia
Hint llll tlllltn. ..E.Y.I.I. .1 . .1.1-
.. ..... m.ini muiiiui men sumo una
ylcw, but these must not be discussed
iieio nu ii is sumcieni to consider the
notions of the enemy."
The Mar declared tho Germans are
torpedoing neutral ships In the North
" solely to clear their coasts of neu
rnl skippers who might report tho na
seinbllng of German transporta for the
int eat ah I a a
1a"tariMa thM tnab . I.. a I. data
itory pointed out today that io capable
1 SrAnanai I - Of Via a. ..IB
j nviram bi oir uonn iTciicii wouia not
have been placed In command of th
linma trvwtna rl. t.l . l.u . ma
a.w...v Mt'wio, hiiiii mo noi YII.XB nuio
needed elsewhere, were not tho war of-
nco omciaja considering seriously me
prospects of an Invnslon.
THl. rlatl --,. a at..L CI.Hia .l....a.a..a.a a.a.hl-.
iw uviiiinna, mo Dlrtr ttrvttlicu, flUU"
nbly count on cither defeating the Krlt-
11 M..A. In K H. B.1 la.
inn ikui 111 n. Kiuiiii cnKQKrincni ur ill
out-maneuvering and drawing off the
naval forces while transporta are land
ing troops. .
Spanish War Veterans
Entertain Commander
Col. John Jacob Astor Camp, No. !,
Uranlsh War Veterans, the only camp
composed exclusively of former soldiers
of tho regular army, entertained Com-mandcr-ln-Oilef
I. C. Iyr and tho
members of his staff in Stanley Hall,
HoldlCM Home, last night.
After the entertainment a luncheon
was served. Addresses were made by
fommander Oyer. Department Com
mander J. Q. A. Hraden, Major West,
deputy goernor of the home; Congress
man Karr of Pennsylvania, and others.
The program was provided by the
Soldiers' Home Orchestra, under Direc
tor 8, M, Zlmmermann: Zancig, Uie
mystic: Miss Katherlne McKltrlck, M1m
Tay McKltrlck. Miss DorU BcbJtgel.
OlrTord .Moore, Louis Brown. Mr.
oerner. Mr. Gross. Thomas G. Mc
i;wnn, and Gustave Grlswell.
Book Reviews
MM. HAI.VAMK. Hy QtrtruJe AtWton.
Nw York: Frederick A. Btokn Company.
PTlr, t. 31.
The versatile Mrs Athertbn has sur
prised her audience! Tor this present
novel Is as clever anji entertaining a.
mystery story as cxtt cam; from tho
pen of an avowed wrltef of- "detertlre"
Action. 4 .
She takes a fling at .Uie Journalistic
profession, willfully misrepresenting cer
tain types ror it were.jyiny to accuse
Mrs Atherton of lgnorance-but fn the
main, eivlnir a trranhle Account of what
In substance Is the usual method of
procedure In a 'murder story."
TIip book will thus have n double audl-
j nice. To those who delight In a "thrill
er," which liolds attention through
pages of conjecture as to Hhom the real
murderer may be, the book Is a candid
in the opinion of Mrs. Atherton' old
frlnds. who have dellshted In her con.
cue analysis of character, her grasp of
.""live iinn ner near presentation or th
iwvohology of action, the book will but
ld io her prestige.
Mn. nalrume, that dominating lady,
.'II addition to the fiction nt tlm v-
"" o" nnn coiu, one neccmes fscl-'
nate.l bv the very objrettveness of tier,'
uiuuiin at uiiici rrpeucu Dy ner com
posure. Mrs. Atherton may teat rm her laur
els. Hho haa demonstrated that she can
write KObd, modern detective novel.
It Is doubtful If In tho last analysis the
SS.?k l?. "". KOni1 ' r'1" l work as
"Tho Porch of the Devil." but lt'a
mightily entertaining for all that.
THK XKW COOKKHY. nil,M ,nrt fn
I'rsed. Hy Inna France. Cooper. Ht
tie 1'ra.k. M.., ocol Health iMilillah
Inx toiiipam. Trice;. Jl.'O.
Quite In time for the new crop of
spring and mimnier brides comes thl
novel cook book, so evident) the result
of nn expert that the said bridea nre
advised to purchase and absorb its
knowledge. Not only do the recipes
appeal to lovers of good food, both for
their variety nnd accuracy, but at
tached to each is a careful scientific
analysis of the food value. In no sensn
Is It an advertisement for tho nchool
it represents, although palatable dishes
are given from tho patent substitutes
thlH particular cult advocates. The au
thor Is to be congratulated on a splendid
piece of work nnd the Good Health
Publishing Company on tho make-up of
the volume, which !. printed in clear
type, and wonderfully Indexed and sub.
Hy Jofeph A. Allsheler. New York: Ad
pleton Co. Price. 11.30.
This volume Is the seventh In the
Civil Wnr 8orIes. and haa to do with
the part Gen. Robert 13. I.ce played In
tho civil war. Mr, Altshclcr alms to
give as nearly as possible, both from
document and personal recollection of
the veterans of tho civil war, n correct
account of actual encounters and events.
To those who mav elect to take their
history sugar-coated, his books aro ad
dressed. They also mako acceptable
gift books for the boy of this genera
Hy l.ouln Kaufman Antnacber, Now
York Frederick A. Stokes Company.
Price, IJ.2S net. '
Unlike many of the current plays, this
volume proves excellent reading. In It
tho author has gathered together a
group of moderns, placed them In ex
cessively awkward situations, and with
out extricating somo of his characters
from complications of their own making,
iiaa succeeucu in naving tnem justify
Tho title ut the play Is his comment
on that .nost baffllnir of wnmenim
person who moves serenely on. secuie
that her social position will excuse any
nciiun up hit iri, mat ny position,
disposition, and light of sex, ulie Is Im
mune fiom nil consequences of her 'own
wronudolug or folly,
111 sharp routiust stand the other wo
men of tho play, as admirably nartraveii.
and as consistent to type. To our mind
the masculine characters are not so
carefully thought out, but that is a
matter of opinion, Certainly Mr. An
epacher "nan made a splendid contri
bution to present day literature.
Europe Must Cancel
Debts or Spend Less
Taxation Will Reach Enormous Figure Unless Na
tions Decide to Wipe Out All Their Obligations
.and Start Afresh Rich Then Would Beat
Heaviest1 Burden. ,
T.nvnnv mv.Mall). March 12. Eu
rope will have to do one of trto things
after the war:
Accept a far lower standard of Hying
than heretofore, or
Cancel all war, debts and start afresh
with a cWan slate,
T. I. linnnaalhln ttt ralfMltat. fop In-
stance, 'what England's war debt alone
will be, bcc4usc nobody knows how
much longer the war will last, certain
,.. ...-... il, rime wlllih an enbr-
iy jiunu.i, -. .....-
mous as to stagger the imagination.
Kven If tho struggle snouia una' dc-
.- Kllif tn Enirllflh WOUld l)Ve tv MY
annually, In Interest, more .thar the
total of their governmenta yearly ante
. ..
helium exponees.
Taxation .was high before the war.
ttv. f ik. nunti-v a-nlna to stand V.
burden more than twice as heavy?
For one minu, econommia ani, v"
ductlon will have to be greatly In
creased. ... .
n.1.1. ii.-., wnt will h. nrcom
I llllf, lilt . "; "' " ---""
pllshed by tho use of Improved I ma
chinery, ny a niaiicr uric y. v...v.w.w
lllBII 111 Ml" I--. .... .. ....- --
ment of great numbers of women who
were not Industrial factors before war
broke out.
These economists themselves, how
ever, do not pretend the difference will
i... m.J. nn tlina. Tavea must be much
heavier to cover the deficit.
The only conclusion is mat inaumrin.
Ti-ni will Ia rnmneJIerl to work
more than twice aa hard as before the
war. for loss pay
i'OSSIDiy necausn incy nrr uiciuoc. -
heavy Investors In the allies' war loans.
,i. .-..llav. .trin,i.HiH olaaaea even the
small fry. gonerclly strongly oppose R
wiping out of the war Indebtedness and
Insist that whatever new and harder
conditions may come, should be accept
ed cheerfully.
Room for Doubt,
nut will thev? Apparently, there Is
considerable room for doubt.
The creditor clement, though iniiu
entlal, Is In a hopeless minority, of
Thcie are plenty of hints that the
.ui., ...Ill in rannnit anthuslsatl-
IllflJUIItJ' "I,, vr .ww.. , " '
cally to the suggestion that the masses
a. . . . a -.. AAa a. A a I
accept, aner mo war, cin ..
commons than they had to make the
best of before the war"a outbreak.
It Is fair to say that some enlighten
ed liberals, including a number of men
who have subscribed liberally to tho
war loans, are disposed at least to con
sider the idea of canceling these obliga
tions. . . ..
They do not use the worn "repudia
tion." They say the country'a foreign
Indebtedness, which, however. Is small
compared with" what Englishmen have
loaned to their own government must be
paid. Hut It may .prove expedient, they
admit, to regard loans made to the na-
1....-1 - l,n.i in tlM TCnallan them-
selves as contributions from those "est
able to arrorn tnem. .......
Some take he position that England
loans to her allies should similarly be
wined out. . ....
Adoption of such a scheme obviously
would mean the unique situation of a
war burden falling on tho rich Instead
of the poor.
At the same time "hat It would mean
a heavy loss for the "classes" It would
also mean a gain for the ."masses. ' a
levcllngup process historically unprece
dented. Hlnher taxes!
Hffore the war the average English
skfllnl workman made from JS to 111
weekly. The corersoondlng workman In
tl"imany made from 16 to 17.
Kor a man with a family It might
sr em as If these figures were pretty near
bed rock, that ha couldn't reduce his
standard of living without starving to
As a matter of fact, the workers in
Spain. Portugal. Russia, and Turkey
vvero not so well off aa -the Kngllah and
Gern ans; and a coolie's wages In China
amount to about 70 cents. American
weno, for a seven-day week,
So, after all. there Is a good desl of
room for European labor to be worse
off after than It was before the war.
Tlio creditor classes- suggestion oi a
lowei standard of living" Isn't by any
means an Impossibility, If the produc
ing classes will vuhmlt to it.
Will they? Nobody knows yet.
Land Reform Certain.
In England, land reform appears to
be a certainty.
It Is not contended that the Urltlsn
Isles would suppott their population,
agriculturally, except perhaps with the
closest pinching. It Is maintained, how
ever, that a Just distribution or land
would check the tendency toward such
an intense concentration In the cities,
with Its consequent dlsorganlratlon ot
the labor market und frightful condi
tions of uncmploiment which churac-
.tetlzed ante-bellum days.
it Is an old complaint that, witn mil
lions of the Engllshi on the verge of
starvation, huge acres of Vnrt have
born held as game reservations and
parks, in as primitive a slate of uncul
tlvntlon as at the time of the Norman
Htlll other vast tracta have been
formed only by tenants who, while do-i
Ing all the work, were allowed only the
most meager livelihoods, that the land
lords might get the lion's share of the
country products by virtue of nothing
but their monopoly.
In the cities conditions have been nnd
still are the same as in the country,
with only such variations As necessarily
go with urban UM.
Will Have To De Changed.
All this, it Is generally agreed, will
have to be changed with the soldiers'
return homo at the war's end. U la
recognized ll-nt hundred of thousai da
of men who have had a taste of a
broador existence than the old bn. will
not tolorato n return to the former
order of things.
The suggestion most frequently heard
'is that tho landlords will be forced to
tilsose of their great holdings ut iei
conuble prices, ojr some such basis as
the one already prevailing In Ireland.
Othere favor a more or les closo ap
proximation to the Mingle tax.
Taking into account the relief th's
will nn'ect In labor congestion In tho
industrial centers, and tho fact that
thero undoubtedly will be a heavy emi
gration to tho colonies, It lermfi folr
to predict an Immense betterment nt
the macsea lot in poHhellum England.
England Inuvllally will cease to bo a,
free trade country after the war.
Reciprocity will prevail retvvcen the
n'othor country unO. her colonies. It
mny include all the present alller.
Tho tariff', purpose will bo partly
revenue. More pnrtlculnilj It will be
for protection against Germany, The
English policy Is not, In general, for
protection against neutrals, but It Is
hard to see how It ran be avoided In
thin case, ns Germans might other
wine establish their fnctoilen In neuttr.l
coi.ntrles, Eet their raw material from
homo i. ml set the Motcctlon program
at nausht.
Already plans nre tinder dlicusslon
for provontlnr the employing elaaa
from cettlnrr the bcuerlt. to the workers'
disadvantage, of the higher prices It Is
CAiHTtivn iinn mi ill ivill uiciaii.
One suKgehtlen l for a minimum
wajre. This ic not very generally fav-
pred, htiwevcr. Its opponent tay ft Is
too Ine sJUc it mtthofl ,io work salU-IVtc-Hly.
It U , unlikely It will Ue
nothfrVtMsltlon looks Inward a
P,l?'!.tihr(nt:.''u'n, o scientifically
worked out that rulce Increases will
automatically mean correspondingly
larger incomes for vvoiklnmen.
i ., '" mor rarilcal schcino contetn
LiiJ50Veinm5; control, or even gov
rngmnSu,tr7ery:Mh,P' f "" '""
ii ftmil.cJi-,i.lh0. V,rlrf win '"-v to
uei impcsed with labor's consent and
?i:Jil're A" J10 mifellon that labors
!eJ,HM!8V,""..,mV0 ,0 ,l' a-"'' conidd
Ii Ina'catlPns arc that Iho result's
rorm may bo n.ore or less oclalUtlc,
Inten.al Chahjrcs Expected.
It Is a pretty safe prediction that tho
war Is going to be followed by Impor
tant Internal changes In most, If not all.
tho belligerent countries.
w!?arJ,R,i.,!,,0.J8h",,eB win be rr the
Wr0?.n?by.l,OUl1' th're ' M "-
f..?n ,b "wrent and even In neutral
war if th?y ,l,an ,herc w"" before th
nhniV -"uiiiun snouia oecome
n-1?-".1?.' f-coure..tn war's result can
ie i.i..i " "" cn,"rciy bad.
.In fi'Vpcracy succeeds In getting a
worse. berore. things will be all tho
The people seem to realize this, how
c fr' ?.. ".ro Prey watchful.
nn It Innlra ie u- .... .
f.hn.le' i" tt "" ?f Improvement, a
.., -.uTiiiitiu una soon,, at least In
No Universal Revolutions.
Are revolutions likely? Peaceful eco
nomic revolutions? Yes, very likely In
deed. Ilufan overturning of governments?
Of some, maybe; not all.
..ner.e "raiy a suggestion of such a
thing In England. The situation Is said
to be the same in France.
Krltish officials ballevc that a com
P ete governmental overturning Is a
distinct ppsslblMty ,ln tne case or the
central powers, perhaps so soon as to
shorten the war.' Tho Italian govern
ment's position was notoriously pre
carious long before the war began.
There Is no reason for believing It Is
less so today.
Curiously enough, the rtusslan regime,
supposedly the most unpopular with the
people of any In Europe, appears to
have been enormously strengthened by
the world struggle. All accounts Indi
cate Its entire safety for the present,
though there Is a. general belief that Ita
post-bellum methods, largely with the
tmllner elaaftt nnrM,Bi lii ... 0..11..
liberalized: " " """"
Today's Amusements Schedule
for Tomorrow.
Adura.f, "fcliool. a Community FapunV'
ITof. h. J. Ward. Kelore unihlne Cam
munity aotitty. MooawarU is Jthrop-s
Auditorium, t.p) p. m.
neceptlon la Mrs. II. XV. r.utlcdse. intil
dent Maryland Division, and lormer .
llonal lrMldnt K. II it. UaUo. VMillam
!,..ci;h",.AuL"1r'' "rand Army Hall.
1I1J rtnnijlianla. avtnue northntit, t u.
U)fter root and Initiation. DUtrkt Grand
if1!-" SH"!?0'. rdr ' ,he erpout. Ulks'
Club. 1 It tret norlhuc.t, s . ,n.
Trip to Alexandria, Kalllpulla Grotto a'
Club and irlendi. leave Twelfth alrm and
renni)lvanta avenue northwest, 1. 30 u. m.
Addreir. "If Ur. VIe Were Alive." the Jltv
Abram Simon, memorial aervlvna (or Dr"
liac SI. Wlie. Eighth Street Tcinule,
p. m.
Monthly dance, joung peepla of All Souli'
Church, lUt Churih afreet. 4:30 p 111.
Entertainment; "A Htudy In Illicit and
;?."'" J:o,um.1,l,,'lBts Alhleilo Club,
Wll.on Normal Bchool- t p. in. l
Reading. "lUConttrurUon and the Klu Klux
Klan," Attorney Central Thoitu. w. Ore.
ory. before Mlatlaslppl SocUly. Uclcuurl.
Cemlnary. Thirteenth and (.Irani streets
northntat. S p. m.
Me-llnr. Camp No. HI, United Confederate
Veterai. local North Carolinians mied.
Confederate Hall, Hj Vermont avenue
norlhweat. I p. m.
Lecture, "The Immigrant Making n Mttur"
Dr. Frank O'Hara, SlcSfahon Hal!, Catholic
Unlvertltv. i P. m.
Concert, Holdlera' Home Dand Orchealra
Htanter Hall. :I3 p. m. ".uemra,
I'reparatory aervlce, the Uv. C, K. Qraiizer
(lunton Temple Memorial I'resbj terlaii
Church, Fourteenth and R sireeta. J p m
Ladlea' nltht. motion piiturea and uauclnr
St. John's l.odse. Chapter No. II. t a V
St , SIaonlc Hall. 8 n. ni. '
Slaronlc St. John'a. No 11, Hope. No !
Capitol, No. 11: .Mount I'leaaa'.it. No!
llojal Arch Chapters: Takoma. No l:
Cathedral. No. 14; St. John's I-oJie. Nn it'
Eastern Btsr.
Odd Fellow a-Cenlral. No. U Sletropolla. No
U riioenlx. No M; Slsrtha WasMniton"
No. J- Dorcaa. No. t. nebekaha. ,""t,"'
Knl(hta of rythl.a-Hathbone-Huperlor. Xo
:; Syrjcuilana. No. 10; Hsthlwne lemple!
No. , rthlan Plalera.,
National Union Eaat Waahtntton Council
MoKlnley Council. vounrii.
Daushtra ot Amerlca-Frtendihlp Council.
N'o. 18.
United Spanish War Veterans 'iOraiv I of the
Snakea" celebration. Elks' Half;
Socialist raxtr Ijoeal Central n'..hin..
Illustrated lecture, movlnir pictures and
slides. "The Boy Scout Movement," J. W
ration, ana exhibition of acout ftalt. Horns
Club, l:U p. m.
n.U. ro Th P.ialn Hh.. t 1 .- .
Natlonat-Dlanlill.rra Hallet 'rusw. :n n m
roirsL-'Tlia Shepherd of the Hllla, ::15 fcno
Keith'ai.ValM lll. !: ml e.i - ...
Loew'a Columbia-Motion pictures,' l::t a
m. to 11 p. m. '
Gayety-Burleaque. !:1J and 1.1 p. m.
Observance of Marjland Daj, Society of
Colonial War, Willard, S:S0 in. in
Meetlnt, riloloslcal Society, Coamoa Club g
p. m. '
Addreaa, "niddlng the Canal Zone of Moa.
qultoea'' rirlg. Uen. William C. Uoriaa U.
B. A., berore Southern Society, Willard 8
P. m.
Farce. "The Unexpected Oueats," henellt'cf
expenaes of delegates to Hlsli School tllrla'
Council, by Weatern Frlenaahlp club.
JV. C A., at . W. C. A. Jlulldlnit. I'ouJl
teenth and ( atreela northvteat, sjjo n. m
Ilanquet, American Society of Naval En-
glneers, Anny ami Navy Club, 7;S0 p. m
Art ami Musical corneal. Society of Hclenco
and Muaical Art, Old Maconlo Temple. t:(J
p. m.
Obaervanee, "Annunciation of the IHesied
Virgin." lYanelacn Slonaatary, solemn
high mass, S a. m.
Lecture, "Shakespeare and His Town'
Chauncay C. Williams, University Club.
8:10 p. in.
Concert, pupils ot the Washington College
of Music. Masoulo Auditorium, 2:34 ii. In,
Inauguration, temporary spring schedule.
Votoinea river slramers, l'otomaa anil
ChesapenUe Steamboat Comnaiiy, Steamer
Wakefield leaves Seventh atreet wharf. 7
a. 111,
Open house observance. Choral Club. V. w
O. A. Iliilldlng. 8 p. in. '.'".
Illuatrattil lecture. "Itecent CTplo-ail.inn of
f.trongholUs of the Inca Kre," lllrain
Ulngham. before WnahlnKton Society.
Archeologlral Inatltute of Am-rh'a. 11;
dance of Slis. Henry S. Dlmock, I 01 Sl.
leentli atreet, 8:S0 p. m.
Smoker and entertainment. Potomac i;ot
Club, Thlrti -sixth and K streets norih-
west. 8:10 n, m. I
Masonic I-aFajettf. No, 15, Itecepllon to
women friends, Scottish Ttlte Masons.
Odd Fellows-Canton Washington, No. 1,
ratrlarcha Militant.
Socialist party Supper and social.
Evangelist Probably Will Decide
This Afternoon If He Can
Conduct Campaign Here.
Rev. Clarence A. Vincent Going
' to Baltimore for Conference
on Proposed Revival.
Illlly Sunday probably will gve a
final answer late this afternoon aa to
whether ho will come to Washington
for an evangelistic campaign.
Tho ltcv. Dr. Clarence A. Vincent,
president of the -Washlnirton rasters'
I'Vdoratlon. nnd also chairman of tho
Sunday evangelistic committee, mad",
up of clcrsymcn and laymen, will go Fo
Haltlmorc this afternoon to confer with
Mr. Sunday.
No ono will accompany Dr. Vincent
except the Ttcv. Dr. Samuel A. Howcr.
of Northmlnster Presbyterian Church.
Dr. Vincent villi ask Mr. Sunday wheth
er there Is any chance ot his coming to
If f.o. Dr. Vincent will ask about a
possible date, and It Is hoped that sumo
of the dates mado two jears ahead are
only tentative and may be canceled.
Following this Interview Dr. Vincent
will report to thu Pastors' Federation
Monday morning at tho Y. M. C. A.
If Mr. Sunday glvea a favorable reply
a party of all tho clergymen in Wash
ington who favor the coming of tho
evangelist will go to Baltimore to ex
tend him a format Invitation.
If Sir. Sunday declines to give an
answer this afternoon It is expected the
matter ot a Sunday campaign here will
bo dropped.
Billy Sunday Himself
Hits the Sawdust Trail
1JAI.TIMORE. March 21,-BIUy Sun
day, after hurling challengo after chal
lenge to about 150 Johns Hopkins stu
dents who attended the meeting for men
only at the 'tabernacle last night cli
maxed his appeal for convert, climax
ed the meeting, and climaxed his cam
paign here so far by springing rom the
rostrum, plunging down the sawdust
aisle, and "calling the bluff" of some
of those students who promised to lilt
the trail It ho would come for them.
Aa the evangelist himself "hit tha
trail" on his marathon from tjie plat
form, three of the university students
were on their way to greet him. He
rushed past 'these, stood up on a bench
in front of the delegation, at which the
ej es of thousands of men were .turned,
and began waving Tils hand and calling
to the youths to -make good."
Me stood thero for a minute of two,
beside Dr. Howard A. Kelly, tbe Ilcv.
Dr. Henry M. Wharton, and severnl
Pftsonal workers who had preceded
him, and. when he turned five more
,.opklne men marched before him up
the sawdust trail.
They had "made good."
Tho congregation of 14,000 sent up a
galvo of cheers and hanclapplng that
mado the gieal hall thunder and mane
the handful of womon who, despite tha
ushers, .hung about on the outside In
the hope of hearing somothlng. wonder
what had hnppencd. Sunday had singled
cut the Hopkins students from the first,
and leveled hla broadsides of persuasion
nt them fro'.i the moment when, con
cluding his sirmon on tho text "Bo euro
your sins will find you out" he asked
for converts.
"I cnll a strike against tho devil,'
he shouted, "a strike against sin. Who'll
Join mo In a universal strike? Come on,
Hopkins men'"
Changes Are Announced
In Interior Department
Acting Secretary Jones, of the In
tcrlor Department, today announced tho
following changes In personnel in that
Temporary appointments Simon Klein,
typewriter at l a day, nnd Miss Martha
Morris, of Colorado, under clerk at
ti.10 a day In th Geological Survey.
K. I MncK. New York, assistant alloy
chemist at J1.50O; Clark J. McKre. 1'enn
trylvanla, first aid miner at 11,200; Ar
thur M. Johnston. Md and Robert I..
Miller, D. C. Typewriters at Jiffl, In
tne iiincau oc .Mines. Claude L,. Hard
ing, Coloiadn. under clerk at Sl.OU), and
Mrs. Jnnlc F. Sawyer. Arizona, under
clerk at ?960 In the Reclamation Ser
vice. Promotions General Ijinrf Office.
Russell IS. Mlkesoll. from law examiner
at I,S(0 to clerk at 11,800; Hermon H.
Hill, clerk at $1,400 to law examiner
at I1.G00; Herman C. ttauss, clerk from
S1.200 to 11.400; David W. Utx. clerk. il.WO
to $1,200; Dayton V. Mulhern, copyist
nt $000 to clerk at $1,000; George A.
uummcr. copyist, tTZO to $m. Indian
Office. Cato H. Hurd. clerk from $300
to $1,000. Patent Office. Frank 11.
New ham, Jr., copjlst at $900 to clerk at
Resignations William F Ferguson,
messenger boy at $C00 In tho General
Land Office, Albert II. Shearer, as
sistant messenger at $720 In the Indian
Office; Joseph I.. Clancy, clerk nt $1.W0
In the Reclamation Service; Harrison !.
Mason. Jr.. assistant mlnlnir engineer
at $1,920: Joseph V. Pullen, Junior chem
ist nt xi,ouo; Aitnur I rimilli. junior
chemist at $1,200, and John F. Ketcham,
stationary engineer at $SI0, all in tho
Hureau ot Mines.
Merchants to Be Guests
On New River Steamer
Arrangements have been concluded hy
the Potomac and Chesapeake Steam
boat Company to havo ns the guests of
the corpointlon on tho maiden trip of
Its new stenmer. Tho Mujesllc. the of
ficers nnd members of tho hoard of
governors ot tho Retail Merchant'
Tho Majestic will ply liotvvi'cn Well
ington nnd polomac river lundlngs, licr
llrtit trip to Btnrt at 4 o'clock on But.
ttrday nflcrnnon, Apill i
The credit men's rtctlon of the Retail
Merchants' Association met yoatuuhiy
nfternoon nt the Ilulelgh Hotel -11111
ndoptcd resolutions on tho death ,'f
O. I. Young, nt the tlmo of hla death
credit manager for the Calais Roynl
Sister-in-Law His Heir.
Tin will of Giistavus A. Rrandt dated
January IT lSHi, leaves his entire e.i.
tatn to his sister-in-law. Amy Rarnaio.
She la also named executor without
bond. Tha testator died on March U

xml | txt