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(Pull Report on Page Two.)
PERSHING GOES TO CHIHUAHUA CITY
TO IDENTIFY BODY OF BANDIT VILLA
Relations With Germany Already
at Breaking Point When
Vienna Is Brought In.
ATTACK WITHOUT WARNING
One American Wounded When
Submarine Shells Russian
With relation- with Germany
strained to the breaking point, the
United States Government was
L.-ought into direct conflict with
An official report to the Stato
Department today told of the shell
ing without warning of the Rus
sian steamer Imperator by an Aus
One American waV. bounded.
Another was saved. '
If the facts are shown to bear
out the preliminary report the
same demand for an accountinj
will be made upon Austria that is
to be made upon Germany in the
note now ready for transmission to
The attack upon the Imperator wai
reported by Carl Ballny Hurst, consul
general at Barcelona. Spain. The State.
Department gave out the following
paraphrase of his retort:
"Russian ship Imperator, cargo tim
ber, from Gulfport, Miss, to Mar
seilles, France thrice shot at with
cannon without warning Vessel net
on Are by Austrian submarine near the
Colu mbrede Islands.
"Two American citizens In crew, Gus
tave Olson and Abner Bwennsson.
Former Is now In hospital with shrap
nel wounds. Bwennsson Is uninjured.
Swennsson's father Is band leader at
Fort Warren, Boston. Olsen ha brother
who Is foreman of Bergengarden Fur
niture at Minneapolis."
Secretary Lansing said he would de
sire further Information before taking
Mr. Lansing also was unable to say
whether the note to Germany would go
forward today. He would not say that
fnere wa any reason for delay.
The Secretary denied that there had
been nny dispatches from Ambassador
Gerard In the last forty-eight hours
that had prompted a change In the
plan of the Administration to dispatch
the note to Berlin Immediately.
No Change Apparent.
Unofficial advices said Gerard had In
formed the State Department of a con
ciliatory attitude on the part of the Ger
man government that was expected to
relieve tension over the, submarine
Thore Is no apparent change In tho
Intentions of the President to go ahead
with his policy of demanding Immedi
ately from Germany binding assurances
of her Intention to keep faith with the
United States and live up to her pledges
govornlng submarine warfare.
President Wilson has no appointment
with Chairmen Stone and Flood, of tho
Foreign Relations Committees of tho
He Is expected to confer with them
beforo sending tho new communication
to Berlin. This gave rise to the belief
that action will bo deferred another
day, until after tho Cabinet meeting to
morrow, Spee'diest, of Aeroplanes
Built for U. S. Flyers
Aeroplanes with a speed of 120 to
125 miles an hour, matching tho famous
German Kokkers, soon will bo ready
for the army.
Machines of tho army Bturtevant
type, with space sacrificed to speed
and motlvo power, aro being construct
ed nt Newport News for Vmy, and,
Incidentally, navy, use.
The aeroplanes will be among the
fastest Hi tho world, It whs said to
day. The will outdistance by from
thirty to thirty-nvo miles an hour the
army and navy machines now In the.
Wilson Greets D. A . i?.,
Delegates Show Firm
President Pays His Respects to Patriotic Work of Na
tional Organization in Address Daughters. Ap
prove Program Which Provides Features
Urging Defense of Nation.
President Wilson paid his respects to the patriotic work of the
Daughters of the American Revolution at the opening of the afternoon
session of the twenty-fifth continental congress, which began today at
Continental Memorial Hall.
The President extended to the congress the greetings of the Na
Response was made by Mrs. William Cummings Story, president
general of the D. A. R. Addresses were also made by Newell B.
Woodworth, president general of the Society of Sons of the American
Revolution, and by W. I. Lincoln Adams, president of the New Jersey
S. A. R.
The firm quality of preparedness sentiments of the delegates was
sounded at the first session, and the friends of Mrs. Story gained for
their leader a vote of confidence which they believe is evidence of the
way in which the factional disturbances which might break out during
the congress will be settled.
Tho flMt show nf strength of the
Story faction came rather ur.expootedly
after tho presentation of the report
of the nroTrbni romtnlLten hv Mm T.ifen
Newman Cary, of Indiana. Mrs. Walter
weed, of California, immediately asked
that a ehflncn he mnrln In tlm nvmn.
for the preparedness meeting- to be held
. Mrs, Weed sold the D, A. R. rep
resented nil phases of tho prep.irednesa
question and she did not believe a
program should be preiented to them
wllb only one sido of it presented.
Shn asked that other spoakern repre
senting other factions be riven n place
on tho picmiam and added that bho
did not want to see tho D. A. IC. mado
an fdjunct to the Navy Leagui.
This brought Mrs. Story to her teet
with tho stuUment that the prepared
nom feature of the program was t.ne
that was very close to her henrt. hut
she did not believe nnyeno could find
Davis Found at Home With
Wound in Forehead Dies in
Policeman William 3. Davis, of the
Fourth precinct, shot himself in the
left side of tho forehead with his
police revolver at 6M5 o'clock this morn
ing. He died In Emergency Hospital
shortly after 10 o'clock. Ho was at
home at the time of the shooting.
Davis has been suffering acutely from
sciatic rheumatism for several months.
This morning upon arising he told his
wife. Mrs. Hannah Davis, that he did
not think that ho would ever recover.
Ho was deeply despondent and she tried
to cheer him. He said that ho did not
reel able to work, and hla wife urged
him to take out a sick card at the sta
tion. Mrs. Davis went down stairs to pro
pare breakfast. Shortly afterward she
heard a shot. Hurrying bock to the bed
room, she found her busband stretched
on the bed with a bullet wound in his
Dr. Leon A. Martell, of 1339 Connec
ticut avenue, was called. Ho ordered
the wounded man to Emergency Hos
pital. Davis lived at 635 I street southwest.
He had been a membor of the pollco
force for fouitcen years, coming to
Washington from Charles County, Md.
Captain Williams of the Fourth pre
cinct said today that Davis woa an ef
llclont and Industrious man, and ono
of tho best on the force, and a man
of exemplary habits.
Davis has one child, a son in his
Adlee Rowland Denies
Alleged Pajama Role
CHICAGO, April 17. "Absurd! It's
an unqualified falsehood," declared
Alice Jtowland, cctrcrs, today, In
dnnylnp the alleged pajama role In
which Mrs. Robert A Menges Corwln
Hill Tenrl", wlfo of Conway Tenrlo,
actor, pays she found Miss Rowland
nnd hor htif-band In the Inttor's apart
ment In New Yoil.
MrM Vearlo has named Miss Row
land In her suit for dlvorco. MIhs
Rowland nay kIio went to Tenrlo's
apartment to reud over a play and
that bar alster chaperoned her.
fault with tho program ns laid out.
She wtnt over tie various numbers that
have been provided, and analysed the
prociarr. a a general, patriotic pro
gram. "1 do not find any connection be
tween any of the people on this pro
srram wlth'tha vnw t .nt.M ... ...
Story. "On the contrary. Mellev these
.ivJXHiW'i""" ihi bito ua a real
statement of our condition. The motion
nlclllrn foatitrA' 'Amarfn. tt...khkm.j
. .,...,. v, .,4i.,iva uiiiuoimrou,
" n xjet showing of the conditions
Not Political Question.
"I want to say that this ia not a
jioiuicai Question, and that in a wide
experience In connaeHnn wlti. h ...k.
Ject I have failed to find any member
"' vo jxuvy League who has profited
either in a pecuniary or a political way
from the preparedness agitation."
Hie voto taken on Mrs. Weed's motion
(Continued on Fourth Page.)
German and French Artillery
Paving Way for Smash at
PARIS, April 17.-3erman artillery
directed a violent, cannonade against
French positions on the west bank of
tho Mouse durimr the nlchi. hut tv,r
were no important infantry fights on
mo vcruun ironi, mo war office re
ports. Tho bombardment was nnHliinriv
violent in Avocourt wood, where tho
dei-mans have been shelling French
works heavily since Saturday morn
ing, on Dead Man's Hill and in the
The French did not return to the at
tack on the east bank of the Meuse.
where a sudden chnnre nn RntnMnv
night resulted in the capture of Ger
man irencn portions south of Douau
mont with 200 prisoners.
The night was calm nn v.i. rmnt
excepting south of Haudromont, where
aruuery on nom sides was active.
Holland to Bar Entry
Of Confiscated Vessels
BERLIN, April 17.-Oerman steamers
seized by Portugal will not hn nrmin
to enter T)Mtrh nnrtu n,...ii.. i-
patches received here today, a Dutch
committee having so decldnd after dis
cussing the legal aspects of the seizure.
Dutch Again Protest
British Mail Seizure
RERUN (via wireless to Havvllle).
April 17. Tho Dutch government has
sent another protest to England against
me ueienuon of Dutch mall, alleging
that register? lMtJtr (tAndlHim, v.tn.
allies have been detained, dispatches
from Tho Hague reported today.
iiu uuicn Hovarnmcni demands the
return nf tll leMari. nnri nnmnntltm. a
similar note was addressed to France.
2,000 Quit Work.
HVRACUSB, April 17,-Followlng a
stilko decision at a secret mass meeting
hunuay afternoon, '.'.ooo machinists
thlw down their tools today and
marched out. No disturbances were re
ported during tho early hours.
COURT ORDERS I
NEW ML FOR
W. E. AMBROSE
Justice Robb Reverses Convic
tion of Embezzlement in
Lower District Tribunal.
FINDS NO EVIDENCE OF FRAUD
Opinion Also Declares Judge
Erred in Not Admitting Tes
timony for Defendant.
William E. Ambrose, sentenced
to ten yriars imprisonment on the
charge of embezzlement in tho
District Supreme Court, will get a
new trial. The District Court oi
Appeals so decided today in re
versing the judgment of the lower
The reversal was based on er
rors of the lower court in failing
to admit as evidence certain state
ments supporting the 'actions of
the defendant, and in permitting
the Government, over the objection
of defendant's counsel, to inquire
into various cases in which Am
brose had acted in a fiduciary ca
pacity prior to the case at bar.
BASED ON LIMERICK CASE.
The Ambrose prosecution resulted
from his services as guardian of the
Limerick children. It was altered he
converted to his own use the fiduciary
The opinion of the Appellate Court,
written bv Associate Justice Robb. In
which the Chief Justice concurs, holds
that the .question of "evil Intent to de
fraud" Is an essential element In the
The Limerick funds were kept bv Am
brose with his personal assets. Touch
ing on this fact. Justice Robb says:
"While, of course, it is the better way
for a guardian to keen monev of his
ward entirclv separate from his own.
the mere fact that he does not do so
affords no sufficient basts for a pre
sumption of evil Intent."
No Law Violated, Says Robb.
Referring to the Government's case,
the opinion sums up the evidence
against Ambrose as "tending to show
conversion of funds."
No statute or rule of the court, Jus
tice Robb declares, was shown to have
been violated, and "there was no evi
dence upon which the Jury legitimately
could have based a finding that there
had been a fraudulent conversion of
The Appellate Court holds that the
evidence offered bv Ambrose ihnwlnr
.payment to the wards of rmount due
mem, ana wnicn was rejected by the
lower court, should have been admitted.
The trial court also 1m mm tn hum
erred in admitting "evidence of .other
similar offenses," when no connection
wiiii me vubo ai utLT was snown.
The prosecution of Ambrose In the
lower court waa handled by H. McComas
Hawken, then Assistant District Attor
ney. The case beforo the Appellate
Court was presented by District Attor
ney iasKey ana Assistant District At
torney Van Fleet on behalf of th finv
ernment. Ambrose was represented in
uom inounaia or Attorney James b.
Three Held in Death of
Boy From Drug Overdose
PHILADELPHIA, April i7.-Two men
and a voman, whom the police say are
habitual drug users, were arrested to
day In tho hopo they can throw light on
the death of flfteen-vear-old Howard
Hmlh, who died from an overdose of
Tre police believe young Smith was
a visitor at tho trio's apartment before
he was overcome.
Drops Bombs on Deck
Of North Sea Warship
PARIS. April 17. A French aviator
dropped sixteen bombs from nn altitude
of onlv 100 vards on tho derks of a Ger
man warship In tho North Sea, the war
The French plane flew so low that It
Is bellovcd the bombardment had good
Aviators werp active last night on tho
ordun front and cast of ihc fortress,
despite the heavy fog. French air
squadrons bombarded the rallwnv sta
tions at Conflans, Pagny, Arncvllle and
APRIL 17, 1016.
American Officers in
Clashes With Mexicans
MAJOR R. L. HOWZE.
COL. W. C. BROWN.
U. S. Commander Orders Re
serve Supplies and Asks for
Scouts Who Know Country.
COLUMBUS, N. M., April 17. Enor
mous supplies of reserve rations have
been rushd to the United States
troops in Mexico, "ait a precautionary
measure " an official of the quarter
mastor'n corps said today.
"There is enough food and other
supplies In the field to carry the army
to Ma 15, If no more is shlped," he
Brigadier General Pershing ordered
the rosorve supplies, also urgently
calling for civilian trouts acquainted
with the region south of Parral. To
the officers hero this indicated that
ihe report of Villa's body found had
not been ronflrmed and that Prsh
Ing Intended to push farther south.
Fifty thousand rcservn mtlnn.
rushed to the expeditionary forces In
the last two dnvs. Thousand nt noin
of shoes and new clothes were trans-
porita ai me same time. Several car
loads of gasolene were forwarded In
Nearly 400 tons of fnndntufr l.ft ti,
uhko camp nero in wree motor truck
trains Sunday. Tho last six truck cara
van carrying another vast supply of
iuu, icib iiiv unco luuttj.
Obregon Telegraphs for
Confirmation of Death
MEXICO CITY, April 17.-r.'ar Min
ister Obregon today telegraphed to
Carlos Carrnnzn, nephew of General
C'arranza, asking him to conllrm. If
possible, tho report that Villa's body
has txon found.
in view of tho numerous tolegraphlc
reports from Chlhtinhuu City and Juar
ez, officials wero Inclined to hellovo tho
news, it Is pointed out. hownvp innt
similar reports have been spread bv the
Vllllstas to slociicn the puisult nf tho
General Carrnnzn, busy with the fes
tivities arranged in honor of his nr
rival, wTuld mnko no commont today,
either on the report of Villa's death or
the negotiations with tho t'nltcd States.
Gets New Assignment.
After two yenri' cervlco aif comimnl
ln officer of tho naval yacht Svlp'i,
stntloned nU Washington. Lolut. II. K.
Knniiss has hern relloved. Ho will bo
nsfligni'd Juno 1 to duty In connection
with the llttlng out of thf huttlcMilp
Arizona nnd will bo assigned to that
thin when It Is commissioned.
Lieut. J. W. Hunkley has been de
tached from the Mayflower to com
mand of the Sylph. '
FUNST0N TO CONFIRM
VILLA'S OWN DOCTOR
Sends for Physician Who Treated Bandit and
Others Who Knew Northern Leader.
Rioting at Chihuahua Due to Scarcity
of Food and Supplies.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., April 1 7. Brigadier General
Pershing left Cusihuiriachic with a cavalry detachment to
view the body being brought to Chihuahua, claimed to be
that of Villa, it is announced at headquarters today.
Pershing should be able to give posive advices in a few;
hours as to whether the body is that of the fugitive bandit,
unless the corpse is in such a condition as to prevent iden
tification. Dispatches from El Paso state that a train carrying a
party of Americans left there about daybreak for Chihua
hua City. Man of the party knew the bandit leader, and
the purpose of the trip is to make a complete identification.
Juarez officials, who gave out the first reports of the
finding of Villa's body, have received no official,confirma
tion. '!. ij
"It's a four-to-one shot that Villa is dead," is the wayj
Consul Garcia summed the situation up this morning.
SENDS FOR VILLA SURGEON.
Major General Funston today wired army officers at
Douglas, Ariz., to look up a Dr. Wickman, who treated
Villa for months last fall, and have him view the body. To
make the identification more certain, Funston also sent out;
queries seeking other men who have known Villa more 01
less intimately during his recent career.
Funston declared he had no information on which to)
base a surmise that the body exhumed is Villa's. But hq
laid emphasis on the fact that the point where the body was
found is near the region where Major Howse reported
Villa's latest operations the La Borja region. Howzo
knew beyond question that Villa was in that section, it i$
stated, but the time was not made clear.
ESCAPED VILLA ARMY.
Dr. Wickman, who treated Villa for blood disease,
was held captive for two months in order to assure the ban
dit medical attednance. He escaped the Villistas' army
when the forces reached a point near Douglas, and army
officials lost track of him.
Funston said he personally would not view the body,
even if it were Villa's and brought to the border to be seen
by the American officials.
No further information on the fight and rioting at
Parral had reached headquarters today.
The only reports received stated that portions of the
Tenth, Eleventh, and Thirteenth cavalry were now sta
tioned at Santa Cruz, prepared to defend the position or
take up the pursuit again.
Americans Sent South
To Identify Villa Body
EL PASO, April 17. If Villa is dead, as reported,
army officials here are anxious that the body of the bandit
leader be identified by Americans, as well as Mexicans.
. A train left Juarez forChihuahua before daw ntoday
with a small group of Americans, including t number who
knew him intimately. They expect to meet at Chihuahua
the body taken from the lonely grave in the mountains
west of Satevo which Carranza authorities say is that of
Villa. The grave was pointed out by a former Villista
colonel in return for amnesty.
It is generally supposed here that if Villa is dead the
American soldiers will soon be withdrawn from Mexico.
All indications are that this story of the Villa end is re-
PBICE ONE CENT.