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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 31, 1916, SUNDAY EVENING EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1916-12-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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Fair Tonight
(Full Report on Page Two.)
Sunday Evening
NUMBER 10,031.
M MMmimtm wxaater
T w W "" r " "J"" i " --mmmmmmm0mt
' - ...... , ' . , ' . I . . . , , , , ,
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JBolemn Celebration in Churches
Tonight Followed by Gayety
J5ocinl Calendar Woll Filled
With Semi-official and
Private Functions.
Baby 1017 will te pardoned If It
"rub lit, eye and thlnV.n Itflelf twin.
Anyway It will net n double welcome,
It coming tonight will be celebrated
' In solemn and thoughtful fashion, In
the qhurchrs, with watch night meet
Ilut tomorrow night the lid will be
off, and In nearly every' hotel In the
city there will be a midnight enter
tnlnrucnt of some port.
In thn churches today the hop that
the now year may aen peace In Europe
was tho predominant note. Thl hope
will be Incorporated In lomi of the
sermons and many of the prayer at
tho serviced tonight.
Will Hun Extra Car.
lloth street car companies have an
Bounced that extra aervlco wilt be
given tomorrow night to handle the
Joy-seeking crowd. Car wilt be riTn
cloie together until an early hour
Tuesday morning. A clone schedule
alto wilt bo maintained tonight to
transport thn crowd to and from the
churche celebrating with aervlco
the New Tear.
New Year Day alway I distinctive
t In Waihlngton for It oclal event,
and tomorrow will be no exception.
Though there wilt be no reception at
the White House, and therefore no
breakfast to .the DlplomatlcCorp. usu
ally given by the Secretary of Htate
and hla wife, otlvnr semi-official and
private function there will In plenty.
Irayal Wemeo to Receive.
v The Legion of Loyal Women I to
hold a receptlon'at the Raleigh Oak
room from 1 to I o'clock tomorrow.
Vocal number, piano and violin aolo,
and patriotic ong will be on the
Mr. Ada II. Wei, president of the
legion, will head the receiving line.
Assisting hfr will be Mr, John A
I'Vifln, .Hiss ir iHii7f Mrv, 9mvj r.
j-QVKWOoa, iia urace i-isrvc, ir.
Mary Logan Tuekor, Mr. Albertln
Odell. Mr. Stuart Johnion, Mr, (lourl
V. Wood. Mr. T. W. Calver. Mil Mary
K. Smith, Mr. K. 1C Gillette, Mr.
Helen A. Kngle, Mr. Florence Dono
hue. Mr. May Houghton, Mra. M. A.
Knopp, Mr. I. O. Tomeroy, Mr. Ollvo
t. Johnion, Mr. Anan K. Ball, Ml
Mario U llyerlee, Mr. A. J. Hughe,
and Mr. Martha R. I.elth.
A. reception to Confederate Veteran
wjll bo given at Confederate Memorial
Jlome. 1522 Vermont avenue, from
T.HO to 11 o'clock tomorrow evening.
(Continued on Second 1'age.)
alary IncreaiM for Capital Typo
V oraphers Effeotlvo Tomorrow.
Change In working condition and
a lnry Increave for the Job printer
of Waihlngton, by the term of an
agreement between the employing
prlntvra and the Columbia Typo
graphical Union, will become effect
ive tomorrow,
Tho former cale of wage for hafld
lompoiltor wai $21 a week. TJita
)iai been advanced to $23 for regular
1v h)ft, with one-half odvance for
hollda ihlft. In 1018 the csale will
ailvanre $1. Overtime alio pay onoT
half more than the regular acale.
Night workera are to be paid $27.00
Mr eight houra' work.
Machine operator are to be paid
$27 a week, an Increaio of $U. An ad
vance of one-half the usual rate for
holidays I also to bo paid them,
Night worker wll Ibe paid, $30 a
The printer' day shift will begin
not before H In thn morning and bo
over not later than r:IO In the after
noon. Thn night shift is conslderr-l
any tlmn bnforo or after theso hours.
Liabilities of Piano Makers Exceed
$660,000, With Only 500 Asset.
CINCINNATI. Dec. ai. Kruest J.
Knabp, Jr., and hla brother, William
Knnbc, of tho Knabe Ilron. Piano Coin-
pony, of Norwood, Ohio, have flleJ
oluntury petition In bankruptcy In
tha Unit id HtuteH court.
This action I Kenerully viewed a
one, of th ertectn tf thn increasing
popularity of the tnlklng machine it
h musical Instiument.
Their combined listed llabilltleM ex
ceed J060.0OO, while their hhskI nro
given a less than $300. Krnent
Knuhe glvu his llabllltlori as $31,1,
m- u-l.lnh HUM INH renrcHOIltH linh'-
L cured claims of creditors. Ho Huts
I', i.i.. ..,. .. . tT.I William Knuhfl
Kit mi his liabilities n $:i21.0htl, of
Mhlch $310.bS8 rprespntH unsecuied
claims of creditors. He gives his us-fi-tx
lis $ioi.:ts.
Shoots 15,000 More Darta In New
York Than Last Year.
MJW YOItK, Dec'31, .lust to nhort I
tin mlnmlty howlers that theli hlgltl
i.i if lulus tall, doesn't sou to him
i id Kin fipld shot 15,000 more Nw
VqI lnrt full of, nriJs in 1011
IIihii hi) did In 101. "J, miirrlago licenso
Inn mi lei'ords today provide .
Lmi of tin- l!T.l.":i prospeclUo bono
i iiinnnlv for s 10 Ml uonsKId mul
itat-i' lii-minii wiib blushing' and vouth f
mi ii nun i.uiner .iop.
Father O'Calloghnn Seeks
Freedom for Man W1io$q
Life He Saved.
The, Ilev. I'etor J. b'Callnghan, su
perior of the Apostolic Mission Home
at Urooklnnd, who mude a successful
fight eight years' Ago to save Her
man llllllk from tho death penalty.
I In Chicago today trying to obtain
his liberation from prison.
The Ilov. Kuther O'Cnllaghan was
with tho Paullst Fathers In Chicago;
when llllllk wan sentenced to hang
In 1007 for the murder of Mary
Vrxal, whose death followed that of
five other members of her family,
from poisoning. .
At the time Father O'Callaghan,
stating ho had In hla possession ovl
dtneo that llllllk was Innocent, ob
tained a commutation of the sentence
to Imprisonment for life.
Hlnco that tlrno further evidence hna
come up, It wan stated by friends of
Father O'CAllaghau here toduy, to
confirm his belief In the Innocence
of llllllk. He made an appeal for
Illlllck' pardon before Governor
Dunne and the Htate board .of par
don yesterday.
Jerry Vrxsl', only surviving mem
ber of the Vrsal family, who lives In
Washington, went to Chicago In com
pany with the priest. , "
Equitable Writes $30,000,000
Group Policy for Union
Pacific Men.
NKW YOfUC, Pec $1. The largest
life Insurance policy that was ever
written goes Into effect at midnight
tonight, when approximately 35.000
of the -40,000 employe of the Union
Pacific railroad automatically become
policy holders. They were Insuicd
without cost to them, or without mid
leal examination, through thn growp
Insurance plan of the Kqultable Life
Assurance floeiety. Through the Con
tinental Casualty Company, of Chi
cago, they are also Insured against
accident ami sickness losses.
, All -of the employes of the Union
Tacino system who hav been In serv
ice for a full rear come under the
nlan. rtiardltis of as. ocOuuatlor!
or physical condition. The total In
surance amount to about $10,000,000,
and will cot the company approxi
mately $1(0,003 per annum In prem
ium. Under the group plan the Kqultable
provides Insurance equivalent to one
year's salary, nut to exceed $3,(00, on
every employe. The Continental pro
vides group health and accident In
surance covering payments for In
juries and disabilities on the same
W. A. Day, president of thn Rqult
nbln, said that this transaction sets
ntv records In both thn life and cas
ualty lines. It Is thn first Instance In
which a steam railroad has Insured
It employes. There have been numn.
ous case In which electric lines have
adopted group Insurance.
Tho first large group policy waa
written by thn Kqultobln In 1012,
when $7,000,000 was provided for em
ployee, of Montgomery Ward & Co.
This record wan exceeded when the
Studebaker Company Insured 10,000
employes. Hlnco then the record has
been held by the II. F. Goodrich Com
pany of Akron, Ohio, which has main
tained policies on 16,000 lives.
The group plan Insures the Uvea of
employes without medical examina
tion and without cost to the Insured.
During thn holiday period somn fifty
largo firms and corporations distrib
uted $15,000,000 of such Insurance to
their employes. It Is estimated that
at least 20 per cent of the men who
are thus Insured would not he accept
tble risks If they applied for policies
In the reg'ular way. either because of
age or physical shortcomings.
Prelate Administers Confirmation
at St. Paul'a Church.
Caidlnal aibbons administered the
sacrament of confirmation to a class
of 200 children and adults In Rt. Paul's
Catholic Church, Fifteenth and V
streets, this morning.
The presence of the cardinal upon
this Sunday was taken advantugn of
by thn parish to extend to him. their
wishes for his continued health.
These felicitations were extended At
an Informal reception at St, Paul's
rectory following the service at tha
Solemn high mass waa celebrated
by the Hev. Father William J. Carroll.
Fathers James I.. Krug and Hugh
Curlcy served as deacon and sub-
ltuymond King assisted the cardi
nal at tho tin one, and Francis De
luncy was. master of ceremonies at
thn mass. Mgr. James F, Muckln,
pastor nf tho church, was also an at
tendant at the services. Tho sermon
of tho duy was given by thn eurdlnnl,
At 1 o'clock Mgr. Muckln was host
at a dinner given tho cardinal In
St, Paul's rectory. A number of
priests of Catholic parishes In Wash
Ingtoit wore guests,
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Gives At
soclatlon $213,600,
NUW YOUK, Dec. .11 John I).
RocUfellr. Ji . Is pleased $213,ft00,
worth with the work of the Wc-it
Side V W C A..
Accomplishments of the association
hate ruuxeil thn niMlintiaii n to inncM
a MMi.ixhi inortcugn and letuni $33,
mi paid lit lit In Interest
i ,1...
Broker Will Plead Murdered
Woman Was Victim of Attack,
Is Belief.
Will Try to Controvert lnt Ad
vance Effort to Prove
OBSII'EB, N. n., Dec. 31. That
Frederick I. Small hope to escape
conviction by proving, that his wife,
Florence Arlene Small, waa the vic
tim of a criminal assault In her
lonely Mountain View home some
time duVlng the evening of Septem
ber 2N, became known today a the
prosecution' caio approaches Ua end.
And, anticipating thl move of the
defense, It Is equally certain that the
Htato will play It trump card by plac
ing on the stand a It lat witness
Dr. George llurgeta Magrath, of Hos
ton, pathologist and medical exam
iner, whose testimony Is destined to
controvert In advance anything that
Small'n lawyer may hopo to prove In
this respect.
lensatlenal Testimony.
t)r. Magrath'a testimony Is of .such
an Important and sensational nature
that It haa been guarded with extreme
tcrecy, and It I expected that It wilt
cause uch a flurry In the camp of
the defense a to make It essential
for them to hastily revise their plan.
All preent prospect point to to
morrow night a the moment whan
the State wilt havn presented It en
tire case against Frederick U Small,
with the exception of whatever re
buttal evidence may be necessary.
County Solicitor Walter D. H. Hilt
la saving hi best and most damag
ing witnesses for an effective final.
They are Dr. Louis 1. Ilacon, to whom
Small declared he had hit wis wife
over the head with a booUark with
the Intent to kilt her: Dr. Magrath,
whose testimony wllf be of a patho
logical and anatomical nature Dr.
Howard N. Klngsford, professor In
pathology and bacteriologist at Dart
mouth, and the mother and sister of
Mr. Small.
Only SO Mere Witnesses.
Only twenty more witnesses are
yt to be heard, aa tha Stat doe not
Intend to use more than halt of the
102 witnesses summoned.
Small was morn dnjrcted today than
at any time since the trial began.
Thn State spent thn greater portion
of It effort yesterday in establishing
a tho motive for the crime the $20,000
(Continued on Third Page.)
Lieut. Bhlacoa to .Replace Capt.
Steever In High School.
Lieut. Norman Iluller Itrlscoe, U. 8.
A., ha been designated by the War
Department to fill the vacancy as In
structor of high school cadet caused
by the transfer of Capt. K. Z. Steever.
Lieutenant Itrlscoe said today that
he Is enthusiastic over the prospect
of taking up the work with the cadet
corps," Jin Is reported to be consider
Ing Introducing Intercity matches
between officer of various cadet com
panies. The contests would embrace
troop leadership, some Instructions In
which were given by Captain Steever
School officials express deep regret
at the transfer or Captain Steever,
but extend a hearty greetln gto J. leu
tenant Itrlscoe.
Good Spprt Promlied on Basin To
morrow "If" It's Cold.
Oct out 'your skates, boy. If you
haven't done that little thing yet,
because according to the weather man.
there's going to be some good sport
down at ttio basin tomorrow, unless
It gets warmer.
There Is already a good coating of
Ice over the smooth stretch of water,
and It I thought by tomorrow It uia'y
be strong uuough to hear the thous
ands who usuully tuke part In tho
winter sport when the opportunity
offers. '
The river I froien from the shores,
but tho channel Is still open In the
majority of places und In others Is
only covered with n knlfe-llko coat
of Ire.
In Rook Creek Park, or "down to
tho, Zoo," there la good skating today
Tho "swun pond" is frozen with what
appear to be a solid cake of smooth
Ice, and today many boys and girls
and even somo grownups wore on
hand with nowly sharpened, and
glistening skates. Intent on getting
tho II mt good slldo of the season.
NORFOLK, Va., Dec. 31. William
Sands, said to have been prominently
connected In New York, Jumped from
an Old Dominion stnamer bound for
Norfolk lust night and was drowned.
Thn body was not recovered. Sands
wus truveling with his mother and a
Ills mother Is prostrated at the
Chamberllu Hotel,
AURORA. 111.. Dec. 31. Every other
person In Aurora has grip, Dr. R. H.
Herder, former health officer, said he
blunted the wqinen almost us much
as thn weathei. Ills reasons are
Mont of the patients aie women.
The) diess for a hot house and run
out on tho st root I ,
They won't cover up,
fiiip is contagious and the men
can't escape with the women catching
Says' He Will. Hand Chairman
List of Witnesses for
Lawson's Promised 'Fulmina
tion Not Received at Capi
tol by Noon.
Another spicy chapter In the Law
on -Henry -Wood correspondence
squabble regarding an alleged "leak"
to Wall Street on the .President'
peace note, and the demand for an In
vestigation thereof, waa written to
day when Congressman Wood of In
dian promlssd to lay certain fact
before Chairman Henry of the House
Rule Commfttee, before Congress re
convenes. '
Mr, Wood Intimates that Chairman
HsLry la standing in the way of a
full Investigation of the "leak." He
further assert that re will furn.sh
.Mr. Henry a list of witnesses who
should be heard. Some of theso men,
he says, are now under suspicion,
and fairness to them and the public
demand an Inquiry.
"1 shall write no letter to Chairman
Henry," said Mr. Wood In referring
to Mr Henry's letter of yasterday
asking for "facts, not Idle vaporlngs.
Will I'resent K Hence.
"Between now and the convening of
Congress I plan to call upon Mr.
Henry and present for his considera
tion the aggregation of evldencn
which I hava In hand and a list, of
wltiTtsse. some of them men In high
position., .
"If Mr. Henry want to get the
facts concerning who participated In
this Wall Street melon party he will
not stand In the way or a full and
free Inquiry Into theso charges and
"Of course. Mr. Henry cannot ex
pect that any of thn participants In
thn raid on the properties of these
share holder are going to dash to
Washington with pleas of "guilty as
Indicted." Ho Is too perspicacious a
statesman for that, and, on the Other
halld, I cannot believe that he as
chairman of an Important House com
mittee will lend hla aid In smothering
an Investigation through leglslatvp
channel amply because there I dan
ger that a dragnet may produce evi
dence derogatory to certain men who
for the past four year have sat In
high places.
Kxyecta laveattgatUa.
"Regardless of Mr. Henry's air of
dubiousness with regard to thn facts
oV the recent victory of the plungers
over the Investing public, I am aure
the other member of the committee
will display a different attitude
toward the need for an Investigation.
And these member of the committee
are by no mean all of the minority."
Congressman Henry waa at the Cap.
Itol this morning, but the 3,000 ful
ruination, which Lawson said he
would send today, had not arrived.
The Congressman said he wa ready
to recelvn thn verbal thud when It
came, and supposed It would come dl
rnct to him. lut up until noon peace
reigned about thnCapltol corridor.
Parti of Resolutions Suppressed,
Say Qcrmam.
1IHRLIN (via Sayvllle wireless),
Dec. 31. Further charge of suppres
sion by tho French censor of parts of
resolution adopted by the national
convention of FrcncA socialist., are
made by the Press' Uureau.
Among the excised portions, It Is
Claimed, wern references to recom
mendations for "democratlo control"
of diplomatic Intrigue and "restraint
of tho ambitions of governments and
military parties."
Tho Press Uureau also states thr.t
corroborate)' messages have taen
received from Switzerland and other
places of the charge that British cen
sors distorted messages from America,
purporting to glvn American senti
ment on peace proposals.
Scandinavian 8oclal Demoorati In
dorse Effort for Peace,
HERLIN (via Sayvllle wireless), Dec
31. Announcing delivery of Sweden's
pcaco note to the Qerman foreign office,
the Press Uureau tonight made public
the following telegram sent President
Wilson by tho Norwegian Working
men's Association: .
"Tho Norwegian Social Democracy
which dominates third of the Norweg
ian electors, sends srsstnt to the Presi
dent' energetic work for the termina
tion of war' bajarlin and for the
establishment of lasting peace."
Tho Danish Social Democracy also
sent the following message:
'We beg to express smpathy with
your note of peace and express our
most ardent wish that your endeavors
for termination of tho world's war and
establishment of lasting peace will be
crowned by success."
Masons given by Allies
.for refusal to talk peace
"A mere suggestion without a statement of terms, that
negotiations' should bo opened, is not an offer of peace Tho
putting forward by the imperial government of a sham pro
posal, lacking all substance and precision, would appear to
bo less' nn offer of peace than a war maneuver.
"At the present moment theea sham offers on the part
of Germany rest on tho War map of Europe alone, which
represents nothing more than a superficial and passing
phase of the situation and not the real strength of the bel
ligerents. "A peace concluded jipon these terms would be only to
tho advantage of the aggressors; who, after imagining that
they would reach their goal in tvfomoiuhs, discovered af.ter
two years that they could neverottain it. - '
"The innumerable outrages committed by Germany and
her allies against both belligerents and neutrals demand
penalties, reparation and guarantees! Germany avoids men
tion of anyof these.
' . .
"The,object of these overtures is to create dissension in
public opinion in the allied countries.
"They have the further object of stiffening public
opinion in Germany and in the countries allied to herone
and all severely tried by their losses, worn out by economic
pressure, and crushed by the supreme effort which has been
imposed upon their inhabitants.
"Finally, these overtures attempt to justify in advance
in the eyes of the world a new scries of crimes submarine
warfare, deportations, forced labor and forced enlintment
of the inhabitants against their own countries and violations
of neutrality." ,
Controversy Between Employ
ers and Men in Center of
Legislative Stage.
"Wg liiues between railroad employ
er and member of thn brotherhood
again will take the center of the leg
islative atage In Washington this
Iteglnnlng Tuesday, the highlight
of Congressional Interest will be dl
rected toward the proposed legisla
tive program for thn railroads. On
that day wilt begin the'hearlnga be
forn thn Senate Commerce Committee,
of which Senator Newlands Is chair
All Paetlana Busy.
Following thn visit of the Presiding
to the Capitol late yesterday to con
fer with Senator Newlands, all the
Interested faction In the railroad sit
uation got busy today, and tomorrow
Iso will be a busy tlme'preparlng for
the beginning of the railroad hear
ing TXiesday.
Much speculation was aroused over
the question of whether thn Presi
dent' visit to the Capitol was made
because of knowledge that thn nego
tiations between railroad representa
tives and brotherhood leader had
been broken off. It was understood
today that the President was not In
touch with the negotiations. Many
legislator', Senator Newlands In
cluded, do not believe that there Is
Immediate danger of a strike.
Washlugton T lie Tenter.
Washington again will be the center
for railroad executives or their repre
sentatives and for thn leaders of th
four big brotherhoods, as the hearing
Senator Newisnds said he hoped to
conclude hearings on the arbitration
bill, supplemental to thn Adamson
measure, In two or three days. Others
were not so hopeful about the early
close of these hearings.
The measures to bo pressed particu
larly by tho President, It Is under
stood today, are thoso designed to
prevent strikes pending Inquiry Into
disputes, and to empower the Presi
dent to takn over railroad, telephone,
and telegraph lines 1n times of mili
tary necessity.
i T
Found by Employer Lylno on Floor
of Laundry.
Lee Tonir Lum. forty-two yearn old.
dropped dead today In tho Chinese
laundry at ltno Fourteenth street
northwest, where he has been em
ployed for four montns.
T.t.m rHrH fltinut Q!?iO o'clock lllJlt
night and arose early this morning.
if finmnl.ln.d nf reellnrr UK Ieo fin
Jflng, by whom Lum Is employed,
went into me next room, ami wnen
ha returned Lum was lying on hla
face on the floor.
Dr. Cousins hurried to the place In
tli &mrcri.nrv llnanltul amhlllanen
and nrnnnnnrad the Chinaman dead.
piobably from acute InClcstlon.
Weds Miss Train, 39, at Little
Church Around the
NKW YORK. Dec. SL Alt uncer
tainty as to wealthy Jqhn Moller's wed
ding plans wsx put at rest today, when
he Introduced the former Pauline Train
as "my wife."
"We're married." the Pauline Train
that waa announced laughingly, and
by way of proof she produced a tell
tale wedding ring. "I'm Mrs. Moller
now for good and all I know the
Commodore and I will be ever so
happy." f
The bridegroom assented. He Is
seventyclght year old and his bride
Is thirty-nine. He beamed produly at
the thought that he had outwitted the
curious .public by getting married on
the sly.
"We hated the thought of publicity,"
Mr. Moller continued. "We never
thought that when we got tho marriage
license the new of our Intended wed
ding would leak out. It waa just to
be a thing for ourselves, and there wo
had the whole world poking Its linger
Into our affair. So we put everybody
off with talcs about a marrlngo in the
future. When we had them ull fooled
we hurried to the Little Church Around
the Corner, and there you are. We're
married. The ceremony took place last
"flo I needn't worry whether I'm to
be a New Year bride or a June bride.
All the worrying Is over."
"No, we haven't mado any plan for
any wedding trip Jut now," Mr. Mol.
lor said. "Wn may go on a trip some
tlmn In tho future, but at present we
havn not come to any decision. Wn
Intend to spend our honeymoon right
"How I got acquainted with Mr.
Moller I can't recall, because it seenu
as If I have known him all my life.
We've boen very good frle.nda.for
many years. So there was no ro
mance about It at all. It seemed to
. How- naturally that we should
Mr. Moller possesses n, fortune
which he Inherited from hi father,
Peter Moller, a sugar refiner. Ills
bride Is also said to have Independent
Four Feet of Snow Coven Southern
Part of 8tatc.
LOS ANQELUS. Cal Dec. 31. As'
the result of the worst mountain snow
storm southern California has wit
nessed In twenty-five years, which has
covered thn ground to a depth of four
feet In places, a dozen automobile
stages and two-scorn of private auto
mobiles are stalled deep In the snow'
In and about Lebra and Sanburg,
along the Ridge route.
Travel along the Ridge route, be
tween Saugus and Uakersfleld, has
been discontinued entirely. Provisions
have been-sent to the stranded motor
ists, and If the automobile cannot
fight Its way through, mule will be
used t get foodstuffs to these peo
ple. 1
Officials' Hopes Dampened by
Lack of Co-operation in Gov
ernments' Efforts."
Admit Possibilities of Eariy
Conclusion of Hostilities Are
Diminished, Though.
Official Text to Be Conveyed
to German Foreign Office in
Next 24 Hours.
The official text of the collective
note nf the entene allies, flatly m
Jectlng Germany's proffer for a peace
conference, reached the State Depart
merit during, the -night.
President Wllsdn ' and- SecrotaVy
Lansing wilt receive official copies
of the text a .soon it I dcoded
by State Department expert.
The note will be forwarded to Ger
many snd' her alllft within twent)
four hour, officials said oday. It
was Indlcsttd that no accompanying
menus ge would be sent, but that tli
United States, In Its capacity aa dlplo
matlc representative of the entente
powers In thn central power conn
tries, would merely act as a meeseng
er In delivering the note.
Three Different Views.
Three different vlowa were expiess
d In official circles with reference tn
the effect of the allies' rejection 5(
tlermsny's peace proffer.
Administration officials, who aided
the President In hi move for peace,
refused to accept thn alllesreplfc.!,.,
final re lectlo'n of ""price vsrturr
Their view was that hopes of "earl
peace liad diminished, but had not
The Gorman embassy expressed th
unofficial opinion that the prospect
In the peacn situation ate "hopeful.'
since the allies' reply contains a loop
hole that might make possible the
continuation of negotiations.
Other officials, not so Intimate
concerned with the negotiations, could
sen little ground for hope In the bit
tor tono of thn allle' reply, which
branded flermany' proposal
"empty and Insincere," and a "less an
offer of peaco than a war maneuver."
Discouraging Factor.
Another discouraging factor w
thn disclosure that President Wilson
had made efforts to obtain thn sup
port of other neutrals In niovlng for
peace, and had been only partls.ll'
First disclosure that the President
had sent another note to neutral na
tlons, supplementing the recant note
to belligerents, was made when the
text of Spain's refusal to act with
the United States, msdr public In
Madrid, made reference to having re
ceived such a note, asking Spain to
support the United State.
State Department officials, taking
advantage of the present policy or
silence, refused to discuss this second
note, but It waa accepted aa certain
that the United States had made a
move to enlist the aid of alt other .
Explains AetU.
This disclosure, by the v.a, ex
plains why Immediately following thr
publication of President Wilson's
note, the view of the other neutral
nations on the subject of peace were
mndn known,
The effort hitherto has been mad-t
to explain this awa as coincidence,
but it now develops as having been
a response to President Wilson's In
Tim apparent faUurn of ths plan
to solidify neutral opinion In support
of President Wilson's effort to draw
out peace terms from belllgrents, his
proved a disappointing factor.
Sullserland, of all tlm neutrals, was
thn only ono which offeieil unquall
lied support to the President. The
Swiss reply offeied .to help In any
way "nq matter how modest."
No Direct Offer.
The Scandinavian countries "ex
pressed .profound sympathy for thr
peaco effoits and "hoped the Inl
tln of President Wilson" will have
a suecesfiil lesult. These govern
ments, however, made no direct offei
of co-operation.
Spain, In her reply, received at thr
State Department during the night,
said that "while the desires of thn
American Government are worthy,"
thn Spanish government will "suspend
all sctlon until thn time when her ef
forts and work In favor qf peace can
bo morn useful and efficacious than
at the? piesent time."
Holland and tho South American
naturals made no reply whatever to
the peacn proposals, or at least no
admislon of such rep.ly has been made.
Our liar of Hope.
The one ray of hops seen In the
otherwise bitter tone. of the- alt!
reply was the paragraph which was
accepted by German emuassy officials
as a "loophole" for further discussion.
The "loophole' referred to readj:
"After the violations (by the cen
tral powers) and their engagement la.
war they (the allies) cannot end th
war at Grmany'a suggestion without
i .
r .

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