Newspaper Page Text
THE WASHINGTON TIMES. SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1917.
Entered as s'-coni class matter at the Postottlce at Washington. D. C. PUBLISHED EVKKV UVEX1NG (Including Sundajs) By the WashinKton Times Company, THE MUNSEY BUILDING. Penna. Ave. FRANK A. MUNSEY, President. E. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary. C. H. POPE, Treasurer. One Tear (Includlne Sundays). fZ-X. Six Months. tl.73. Three Months, tOe. SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1917. GOVERNMENT-MADE ARMS The all too wide acceptance of the notion that the Government o'ujtht to manufacture its own arms and ammunition, in its own factories, is one of the eccentricities of sentiment There are people who would oppose Government invasion of ordinary in dustrial fields, who think it perfectly logical for Government to. undertake monopolistic supply of all munitions of war." Examination of the facts leads to precisely the opposite conclusion. A .special War Department, board, hajs just reported against such a project It finds that new plants to maintain the supplies needed in peace times would cost $52,000,600, while, in or der to be assured the requirements for war times, would cost almost a billion dollars' investment in plants alone. No great government has attempt ed monopoly in this direction. 'It is absolutely necessary to encourage private enterprise and capital to con tribute just as much as possible, in plants, development of business, etc., as a means of preparedness'. For the Government to monopolize "its own share of the business would .be to drive private enterprise out of he whole field, and presently there would be no reserve of manufactur ing capacity on which to draw in case of need. The only wise program i$ to.' give the largest government en couragement to private interests in this field. "THE TRAGEDY OF NAN" Was it so recently as 1810 that a man might be hanged for sheep stealing? That a .hanging was a sporting event and a public holiday, and that fathers dictated whom their sons should marry, and, in the slang of a not much later day, "got away with it?" Much of the value of such presen tations as John Malefield's grim and biting tragedy, "The Tragedy of Nan," as presented last evening at the Wilson Normal School, lies in the fact that, they drive home socio logical questions like these. This Masefield play is only one of " a series that the Drama League play ers are giving this winter. Its repe tition by request this week, after it had been given twice in December, attests the growing public apprecia tion for this group- of amateur play ers. , If the work of the players is not already known throughout the city, it ought to be. The Washington Square Players came here and were accorded a tribute because they have accomplished the' thing that the Drama League players here hope to do. Washington's group of amateurs already have obtained a workshop, and plans are on foot for construc tion of a little, theater more nearly fitting their needs than a school au ditorium can possibly do. With such a project a large num ber of helpers in Washington should be found; and a few loyal ones al ready have banded together and made possible the productions of such a high quality as Jhat given last evening. It should find an ever widening circle of support, and Washington should soon have a lit tle theater comparable with those ini Chicago and Philadelphia. A GREATER CAPITAL PARK SYSTEM Herbert Quick's proposal, to the National Park Conference, that the Government ought to 'acquire a strip of territory between Washing ton and Baltimore and develop it in to an intercity park, was made at the right place and time. It is a fitting theme for the consideration of just such a group of people. The notion of making America beautiful and at tractive enough to keep its people more at home, has been deeply plant ed in the national mind in the last two years. Discovering the United States has come to be a popular means of diversion among people who formerly were unable to realize that there was anything worth see ing this side of salt water. The intercity park and forest re serve would serve the double purpose of beauty and utility. The region is splendidly adapted to forestry; bet ter than to any other use; and it is already in large part well wooded. It would be an object lesson in for estry for the benefit of more people than probably any other reserve in the land. In whichconnection, there' is an other opportunity for like develop ment that deserves attention. The Potomac river above Washington, with its noble hills and wooded i slopes, its wonderful formations of rock, its splendid scenery anil espe cially its highly important relation to the water and power supply of Washington, presents one of the most' imoortant and obvirfus opportunities for development along this line, that iis to be found in the country. The land could be bought, for the greater part, at prices remarkably low. De velopment of a great wood and boulevard ijrea could be accomplished in a very short time. The region is filled with material for road con struction, and will grow the most valuable varieties of timber. "It is one development that, If not under taken now, while opportunity for it is most favorable, will be. very sure to make vastly greater demands on the public purse, and to be accom plished in less satisfactory manner, years hence when the necessity will be more fully realized than it is to day. SOME QUESTIONS OF PRINCIPLE The conclusion of evidence in the valuation proceedings of the Potomac Electric Power Company before the Public Utilities Commission has em phasized what seems to be the most' important factor in all consideration of public utilities that there is a very real and most unfortunate dif ference of principle rather than of figure. It has emphasized, furthermore, the- absolute necessity of some au thoritative and conclusive adoption of the principle upon which public utili ties are to be valued. The question is too serious to be considered light ly or in a partisan way. It is both absurd and ridiculous to condemn the men who have con structed the vast business institu tions of the country as represented I by the great corporations as a set of thieves and crooks who would op press the people to obtain extra divi dends for their stockholders. There have been abuses of the power given corporations. There-have .been un doubted violations of what are sup posed to be the .common ideas of honest administration. But to lump the really big minded men of broad vision who have constructed the fast business machinery of' the country with the unscrupulous element that has been conspicuous in the consid eration of these questions is abso lutely without warrant One of the great difficulties faced is that the corporations or big busi ness institutions of today, especially those in public utilities, are no longer conducted by trte men who own most of the stock-'in them. In the days of Commodore Vanderbilt and the "pub lic be damned" idea, railroads and public service corporations were just emerging from the status of private property to public utility. In those days the man who actually owned the majority of stoclf likewise actively conducted the business, of the enter prise. Today the- operation of public service corporations is a profession requiring highly trained experts. These experts usually rise to posi tions of control, not through holding stock so much as through ability to operate the property. The stock holders, represented by the directors, in the immediate past, have paid lit tle or no attention to the officers elected by them except to require that they shall operate the property so that it will produce the largest dividends. Service to the public did not figure in the idea of the stock holder at all. He purchased his stock to draw dividends, and the officer who pleased him most was the man who would produce the most divi dends. With such an attitude it is not to be wondered that the officers of the corporations should bend all their efforts to increase dividends because their jobs depended upon that one factor. With the awakening of the public to the value of its contribution "has come a demand that cannot be ig nored for a readjustment of the, values of the various factors. The public has contributed, especially to electric lighting and traction corpor ations doing business in municipali ties, the most vital factor to the busi ness more vital even than the money with which the business is constructed for the reason that with out the use of the streets that be long to the public all the money in the world would not permit the con struction of a working enterprise. The public has, therefore, assumed the position of a bondholder in the enterprise of every such corporation who draws dividends in service. The public pays for the service. For the reason that the investment of its streets and its franchise is the bind ing factor of the entire enterprise, its rights to service are to be consid ered before the rights of stockhold ers or bondholders. The mortgage the people hold on every public service corporation is the first mortgage on its activities. Should it ever foreclose, the activi ties of the corporation would be for ever stilled. It is, therefore, just this question of principle that must be decided once and for all. It is inconceivable to the average citizen that the "in tangible values" should be given con sideration in fixing values upon which rates shall be charged. It is inconceivable, because that is exactly the public's own contribution to the enterprise, and it would mean that the public should not only contribute the most important part of the capi tal, but be made to pay for operating the property as well. A public utility has ceased to be a private property entitled to males 13 the money possible for its stockhold ers. Rather, its main endeavor should Vc to supply the best possible service to the patrons, commensurate with a fair return on the investment. A DIFFERENCE; BUT The resolution that the Senate adopted, indorsing the peace move of the President, was in these terms: Resolved, That the Senate ap prove and strongly Indorses the request by the President In the diplomatic note of December 18 to the nations now engaged In war that those nations state the terms updh which peace might be discussed. The Hitchcock resolution, which was abandoned in favor of the fore going, read: Resolved. That the Senate ap proves and strongly Indorses the action taken by the President In sending the diplomatic notes of December IK to the nations now engaged In war, suggesting and recommending that those nations state the terms upon which peace might be discussed. It will be noted, by people who study the two texts, and particujarly by those familiar with the long de bate that preceded the vote, that there is a distinct differerice. The Hitchcock' resolution indorsed "the action taken by the President in sending the note;" which meant an indorsement not only of the request for peace terms, but of the sugges tions of a League to Enforce Peace, of American participation with na tions of the Old World as a guaran tor of future tranquility, of the im plied abandonment of the Monroe doctrine. I On the other hand the resolution as adopted limits its indorsement to "the request that those na-- tions state the terms upon which peace might be discussed." There is no commitment, here, to a n'ew policy toward entanglement with European affairs. In the light of the discussion, this will be per fectly understood. Whether Europe will appreciate the differences, whether it will draw the close dis tinctions necessary, is a question. The effort to make the action as in nocuous as possible was commend able; but the very anxiety to do that much is the best proofi that the whole Senatorial adventure into in temation relationships would better have been omitted. PLAN FACTS ABOUT TEACH ERS' SALARIES Just as in the case of the Govern ment clerks, all the teachers of Washington need to do to show that they need and deserve a raise in pay, is to cite the facts about their pres ent salaries. They have collected the facts about the pay of other workers,'and of teachers in other cities, and the com parison speaks for itself. In Washington, they state, a teacher averages $2.67 a day; a bricklayer, ?5.28; a carpenter, ?4.40; a plumber, $4.50, and a plasterer, ?5. The average yearly salary of elc mentary school teachers in other cities comparable to Washington are: Cincinnati, $949; Minneapolis, $937; Newark, $917; Milwaukee, $876; New Orleans, $887, and Wash ington, $798! In this city, their estimates show, there are 542 elementary teachers getting $750 or less per year. Their minimum salary is $600', and the maximum, which it takes " from twenty to thirty years to reach, is but $1,350. Very properly the teachers point to the fact that on the Government's own figures, from the Commerce De partment, in the rising ;ost of liv ing, a teacher may receive each year her longevity increas. yet be ac tually falling behind in buying power of her nominally larger salary. Villa haying once more been .de clsvely defeated with heavy losses. Is about due to grab another stnte. There is, of course, a certain tcnu ounies.1 about an, indorsement that has to be debated four days and then amended so that It an be supported by a lot of peoplgfwho didn't want to give an Indorsement and didn't be lieve one oujrht to be even considered. New York, it appears, is to he pro vided with so many mall boxes that hereafter the sojourner there will be able to feel Just as if he were in a regular town. There may be reason for concern, amoiiR the entente powers, regard ing; the attitude of Russia: but Rus sia, in prospect of loxing a vast ter ritory, would seem to havo only less interest than France in fighting to a victorious finish. ' With the cabinets of the entente countries holding a Joint session in Rome, the Eternal City is back in the center of the 'map after quite a period. Everybody who could have "leaked" or benetlted by a leak Is now be. Iieved to have entered n. proper de nial. Maybe, there wasn't any stock market flurry at .all. King Charles of Hungary and Em peror Charles of Austria act as If they were young men with a notion of running iome countries of their own for a considerable time yet, and suspicious that Herlln may want to exercise undue. Influence. It is perhaps worth noting, that the leaders of both sides are talking more about victory in 1017 than about peace in 1017. .They seem to be thinking more about winning than quitting. Here and There In-the News Senator William Joel Atone of Mia aourl takes himself far more serious ly than the circumstances frequently seem to warrant. He has probably filled more pages of the Record than any of his colleagues, and never ap pears to grow weary of the eloquence of his speech. All generous-minded men like to hear him. because the mere act of utterance, whether he It really saying anything or not, gives him such pleasure. When he goes to Ottumwa the next time the entire population doubtless will turn out to see and hear the statesman who "got even" with the editor of the Courier. The way he ripped up the paper for confusing United Statea Stone with United States Steel was "hoi stuff" of the hottest kind. One of the pagans was wondering yester day whether or not If the stock had been United States Rubber in stead of United States Steel, the -Senator would have regarded the refer ence as personal. Governor Ralaton and Divorce.. In his final message to the Indiana Legislature Governor Ralaton touched upon the divorce evil' in that State, which is admittedly great. He seems to have followed the .old Adamlc pol icy of blaming It on the woman, as, so far as the meagre report of his recommendation contained in the press dispatches shows, he simply urged the passage of a law requiring women to reside in the place where applications for a marriage license is made for sixty days prior to the date of such application, ' and to "make affidavit, signed by a freeholder guaranteeing eligibility." There are six causes fpr -divorce in Indiana abandonment for one year, cruelty, habitual drunkenness, failure to pro vide for two years, felony, and physi cal Incapacity. Indiana' Record. According to the last United States census there were. In 101Qr 130,170 divorced men, and 185,101 divorced women in the United States. In In diana, according to a speciaireport of the United States census. In the years covered by the twenty years of 1887 and 1000, 00,721 divorces were irrantnd. In lOOO the number Of di Vo'rces was 142 per 100,000 of popula-j tlon, or twice the ratio or divorces to population granted In 1880. It ia assumed that there has been rather steady progress since these shocking statistics were assembled, and there Is little wonder that Governor Ral ston, who is a Presbyterian and a Knights of Pythias, with his expiring breath as governor of his State, should have sought to discover some method of mitigating the evil. South Carolina Stands Alone. There is only one State in the Union South Carolina where thero is no cause for divorce, and in that State there Is doubtless as much do mestlc happiness as In any State of the Union. Possibly the men and women down there can "put up" with more than the men and women in any of the. other States, and endurance Is a great virtue. In fiftjryears there have been only ISO divorces In South JiB;V "; ?".? dUr,n Cotton Xesjlslatlon. Uniform classification of cotton, provided for In the Lever bill, which has Just been passed by tHe House, Js in the interest of honest dealing-. 1 The grading established by the Gov ernment will be the .grading In alf the cotton markets. What is "gooa -middling" In New Orleans and Gal veston will be "good middling" In all the buying centers. There will not be one grading In Charleston and another grading in Wilmington, or In any other markets where there may have been differences In the meth ed of grading the. staple. The Levor bill will protect both producers and buyers, and is on all fours with the. policy of standardization of the staple crops" upon which the Secretary or Agriculture has Insisted as neces sary to straight business methods In the conduct of American agriculture. No. 1 wheat in Chicago Is No. 1 wheat in all the grain markets of this coun try: why shohld nqt "good middling" cotton be "good middling" cotton in all the markets .where cotton Is mar keted? THE COMMENTATOR. WHAT'S ON PROGRAM Many Interesting Events of Import ance Are Scheduled. Today. Lecture. 'The Ps etiology of Color, lis Ef fect on th Mind. Body and Finances." Ulii tautse Cutis Powell. Hotel Portland, t p. m. Meetng. Kate Gordon Chapter of the South ern Mutes Woman Suffrage Conference. National Suffrage headquarter. IKS Rhode Island avenue northwest. S p. m. Address, "Oovernment Mediation In Railway Labor Disputes," Judge Martin A. Knapp. I fore Federal Schoolmen's Club, Hotel Continental. 8 p. m. Meeting, Federation of Citizens' Associa tions, board room. District building-. S p. m. Discussion. "The Itelatlons of Philosophy to Mathematical Science." Society for Philoso phical Inquiry. Public Ubrary. 4:S p. m. "At Home." Congressional Union for Woman SutTMse. Cameron House. Lafay ette Square. 4 to i p. m. Lecture, "Shakespeare, the Man." Justice W. P Stafford, before Washington branch of the Shakespeare Society of America. Cairo. Address, ""nndlo Telegraphy." Lieut. Reed Far Hell. I". P. N.. at Navy League House. IW Twentieth street northwest. 1 p. m. Committee meeUngs. Retail Merchants- As sociation, grocers aectlon. 15 m.. haberdash ers" section. I p. m. nd lre section. 2 p. m.. at headquarters. Odd Fellows Encampments, Canton Washing, ton No. 1. business. National Union-Government Printing Office Council. Amusements. National "Turn to the Right," 1:15 and I:1S p. m. Belasco Annette Kellermann. la "A Dtugb- ter of the Gods." 2:U and 3:15 p. rn. Kstth'a Vaudeville. 2:0 and 8:15 p. m. Poll's "Which One Shall I Marry." 2:15 and :15 p. m. Lyceum Burlesque, 3 .and p. m. Gayety Burlesque, 2:IS and :15 p. m. Loew's Columbia-Motion pictures, 10:30 a. m. to 11 p. m. Strand Photopla j s. 10 a. ro. to 10 JO p. m. Garden Photoplays. 10 a. ro. to 10:30 p. m. Tomorrow. Address. "Following the Compass." Dr. L. A. Bauer. All fouls' Church. 7 p. m. Concert, United States Soldiers" Home Rand 'Orchestra. Stanley Hall, p. m. Klectlon of officers. Hebrew Home for the Aged. I"ythlan Temple. 5:30 p. m. Mass meeting for general discussion of ques tion of referendum vote In the District. Poll's Theater. 3 p. m. .... Addren". "Congress im ine joo, Julian Pierce, lierore cw.ijiv kj. j -reiul Building. S l. ro. . . , . Meeting Toung- Frollckers Club, at home of Herma'n Uberman. Fairmont apartment. I AddrTa's, "The Struggle for Free Thought, Free Speech and Free Press In the United Btatea " Franklin Stelner. txfore Washing ton Secular League, Tythlan Temple, t RUSSIAN SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA SCORES Emma Roberts Also Wins En thusiastic Applause at Ten Star Concert. If It takes three thrills to make a success then the Russian Symphony Orchestra, under Modest Altschuler, furnished more than were needed, as did also the Soloist Km ma Roberts, con tralto, at their first appearance In Washington at the fifth concert of the Ten Star Series at the National Theater yesterday afternoon. An AII-Russlan program was greeted with unusual enthusiasm by a capacity audience, Mr. Altschuler being recalled again and again, and the entire or chestra rising in response to applause, while Miss Roberts was forced to fore go the orchestral ruling and add an encore to her group of three folk songs of little Russia. Sew and Different. These players present something new and different There is a. quality, it must be a. national quality, to their music that we have not beard before; and Modest Altschuler gave this music with splendid dynamic sweeps and sinuous melody that Is Individually Russian, that tells of impassioned ro mance and of tempestuous dancing. The symphonic number was the "Scheherazade" suite of Rlmsky-Korsakoff that the Russian ballet used as a dance-drama here recently. This suite gives unusual prominence to 'the solo violin, and Gusikoff, the concertmaster. played with exquisite tone, warmth and meaning. Unusual Values. The orchestra gave' this tone pi ture with lovely and unusual values in the-fairer parts, often the strings giving out a quality that suggested s) guitar, yet; again sweeping Into en Impassioned climax richly sustained with a -broadly built-up tone. The melody of the sea story was en trancing, developed with virility, and contrasted with lovely episodes for violin and, harp, for 'cello, and ths winds. Wild dance figures, sinuous rhythms, and sweeping crescendo did not overshadow the beauty of the fairer parts, Emma Roberts, a contralto new to us, was given an ovation. Miss Rob erts has a voice of rich beauty that has no single artifice in Its delivery and that possesses a rare uniformity throughout its range. It Is a genuine contralto wun aeep reeling in it inai Is akin to tears. This she showed In the Arensky "The Eagle," and also the lovely Rachmaninoff "Keen the Pain" with real splendor In Uscll- ;niax, both sung with orchestra. Shorn Temperament. In ber second group of songs, thr plaintive "Soldier's Bride" of Rach maninoff, with its wail of perfect vocalization, and. the three folksong Miss Roberts showed the tempera ment of the dramatic artist, making her comedy quite irresistible. These songs were beautifully sung. Of the two Caucasian sketches by Ippolltoff Ivanoff, another newcomer to us who is a pupil of Rlmsky-Korsakoff. the "In the Aul." a pastorale, brought out the Individual merits of this or-t sanitation In the -lovely viola solo and that of the English horn. A Rlmsky-Korsakoff "Serbian Fahta 'sle," the Rachmaninoff "Prelude in G." and the Tschalkowsky "Overture 1812." with its one entrancing strain of schalkowsky melody, completed a program that charred Washington. J. MacB. TODEBATEI.C.CPOWERS Students of G. W. U. Literary So clety to Discuss Subject. The question of extending the pow ers of the Interstate Commerce Com mission In line witli the recent rec ommendations of the railroads before the Newlands committee, will be de bated Monday night at 8 o'clock In the assembly hall o fthe Arts and Sciences Administration Rnllrilnp- nt George Washington University, 20231 G street northwest, by members of the Knoslnlan Literary Society of the institution. The affirmative will be represented by H. Gladstone and S. U. Baxter, and the negative by Adolph Holm and E. Belfort. The special meeting of the society planned for January 15 has been Can celled. The society Is the oldest student or ganization in the National Capital, having been fpunded nearly a century agQ. and havfng hao on its roll the names of some of the greatest per sonages in American and European history. WRITES BEST ESSAY U. S. M. C. Officer Writes Best Essay on Medical Reserve Plan. The first prize, a gold medal and $300, offered by Henry S. Wellcome', American, living In London, was awarded Captain Mahlan Ashford, U. S. M. C, yesterday by the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, for his essay on "Practical Organization of Medical Reserve Offi cers." OtTier awards are: Henry C. Co, 1st Lieut. U.S. M. C. New York, life membership in the association: Asst. Surgeon Gen. N. C. Rucker, U. S. P. H. S., silver medal and '200: V. A. Sur geon. J. R. Hurley, U. S. P. H. S., life membership In association and hon orable mentipn. EMPLOYES!, NAME OFFICERS. Officers will be elected by the In terior Department branch of the Fed eral Employes' Union at a meeting In Pythian Temple, Monday night, nt 8 o'clock. The nominees aro Thomas R. Manning.' for president; Mrs. Alt gela F. Southard, for secretary. James P. Rrlggs. for mediator: Mor ris E .Sabin. for guardian, and Mtos Carrlo O. Rode and James II. Ke aecker for members of tho executive committee. Addresses will be made by Con gressman Joseph Taggart of Kansas and E. J. Ayers, chief clerk of the Jnisrlor Department. DENIES EMERGENCY STAFF 'WALKED OUT' President Woodbury Blair Vin dicates Four Young Doctors Who Were Involved. Denying report to the effect "that four members of the staff at the Emerg ncy Hospital had 'walked out," and vindicating the reputation of the four young internes who re signed a few days ago, Woodbury Blair, president of the hospital, haa made public the following letter:' "A report has been published to the effect that "four of the surgeons of the surgical staff. of the Emergency Hospital walked out of the hospital at midnight, December 31, as a pro test against the appointment of Dr. Paul Putski as medical director and Mr. Anthony Tall as business manager of the hospital, leaving only three surgeons on duty" at the hospital." Source Is Quratlened. "I do not undertake to assume from what source this erroneous statement could emlnate o"r who would be so malicious and unjust as to deliberate ly mislead -our public press and cist such serious reflecrfbns upon the pro fessional ethics and humanity of the Jour young gentelmen refered to, who are virtually accused of walking out of the hospital at midnight with out notice or due regard for the seri ous consequences which might ensue to the public As a matter of fact, not one of th doctors-who are accused of walking out of the hospital Tvas on the attend lng staff; they were all interns on me nouse aiafr. The Interns of the hospital w.hose principal duties aro to go out with the ambulance, give rirst aid in emergency cases, and ex ecute the instructions of tha attending pnysictans are, as a rule,, recent graduates from medical schools who are selected by tha attending staff on account or their character.' fitness and aptitude, and are appointed for a definite period, during which they give their time and. services In ex change for practical experience and. Instruction obtained at the hospi tal, it is always a matter or record at which date an intern is to termin ate his connection' with the hospital; and In the eases referred to, three of the gentlemen had served' the term agreed ,upon between them and .the attendlna- staff, but the fourth on his own request hd been given an ad ditional term of three months. Terns Expired. "All of the terms, including the additional three months allowed to the fourth Intern, expired December 31 at midnight, when they left the hos pital as was expected, without crea ting the slightest lnconvclence to the house staff, the patients, or the am bulance service. "The Emergency- Hospital has always been fortunaW and -never more ao than today In securing as interns young men of exceptional ability and Intel ligence, who attend strictly to their nmfesslnnal duties: and no one ap preciates more than the Interns the ab surdity or the accusation uiai ujc nnM mnmlre In ffeot a WaUtOUt DO- cause the board, of directors , did no consult with them or aerer jo uieir wishes in the matter, of appointments and the admlnUtmloii of the hospital. The Central-DIsDeniary and .Emer gency Hospital 'Urtarreil- a civic InstK tuUon. and it'miy.nief Interest to the general pudiic anu our iy-, vn know that the" ptesen't' superintendent of the- hospital Is ?rlc. Anthony Tall, former assistant superintendent of the Post-Graduate Hospital. of New fork; that the chief resident physician is Dr. Paul S. Putzkl. who with Dr. Sidney Cousins. Dr. AusUn C. Conaway. and Dr. Louis C. McCanna. took the place of the four whose terms expired on December 31. VI would add that never before In the history of the Emergency Hospital has it ronriereri more ceneral and efficient service to the public than at present" PLAN CELEBRATION Elaborate George Washington Me morial Contemplated. Details for the celebration of Wash ington's birthday anniversary by Washington Genera) Assembly. Fourth Degre, Knights of Columbus, "will be agreed upon at a meeting of tho executive committee Monday night. It is planned to make the celebra tion an elaborate and memorable one, as It will mark the beginning of pa triotic observances of national holi days by the local Knights of Co lumbus. Tl.o .unrpme council will send a speaker of national fame here to make the principal address, 'while the local committee will invite a number of statesmen, educators, and business men to attend. Major C. E. Edwards, navigator of he Fourth Decree Knlrlits of Co lumbus, will have charge of the cele bration. GIVEN ENTERTAINMENT Plan to Compliment Members of Young People's Societies. An entertainment will be given s.t the Central Union Mission, 622 Louis!, ana avenue northwest. Monday night, from 0 to 8 o'clock, to compliment the members of the Young reoplc Societies of the churches of the Dis trict. ' Societies that have been "invited In clude the Baptist Young PopleV Union, Christian Endeavor Union, Ep worth League of the M. E. Church and the M. E. Church. South; LuthT League, Junior Daughters of .the King, and the Junior and Senior Brotherhood of St. Andrew's. Refreshments will be served, and tho guents will be permitted to In spect the building. WILL BUILD FOREST TRAILS Million Dollar Alloted for Roads In National Reservations. Allotment to the various States of the million dollars to be spent during the coming fiscal year in construct ing roads and trails In natlrmal for ests was announced by Secretary of Agriculture today, as follows: Alaska. S40.33I: Arizona. '38,604: Arkansas. 0.S0.-.: California, SUO.ggH; Colorado. ?n.575: Idaho, 108.730; Mon tana. "0.042; Nevada. ? 10,200; New Mexico. 42.49.'i: Oregon. 128,111; South Dakota. 'K.092; Utah. '41.167; Wash ington, 01.944; Wyoming. $40,094; and a total of '0,005 to Florida. Michigan. Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Oklahoma. Don Marquis5' Column Samuel Tounrntlchk of New; York city has sued i young woman for breach of promise to marry. Iha "great "suffering and anguish" ne Has been caused, he alleges.' Js worth .t&SM. Toung men are getting more and mora practical In tbelr despair. A Tew years ago a. fellow In Samuel's Ox would bar written a poem out of his grief aad sort it for SO cents a Upe Tie Twin Lyres. FRECKLES. When first I would send out a poss . thaf I'd penned out. The editors, bosses, and such. Were unsympathetic to every poesjp Endeavor I'd touch. CLEMENT, My luck was no better; In person, by 'letter: I plagued 'em, but always was canned : With blank verse, and blanker. I tried to oas( anchor," But never could land. FRECKLES. But since we've combined our produc tions, we find our Success Is astonlshlnr quite: ' ' What now we both deem bad Btema never to netm bad . They take all we write. CLEMENT. Each musical Jingle I ground out, when single.' When coupled with your name, sees, print: The editors fall for my lyrics, and cafl for The whole of our stint. thus with, our glory collaboratory. We've registered more than. a bit: In fact; with this, teamwork, to land doesn't seem work We're good, we admit! FRECKLES. CLEMENT WOOD; London newspapers today; centered most 'of their attention, in- the peace situation, on speculation as to what President Wilson's position was. Cable dispatch. President Wilson's positions are subject to change without notice to the public The Problem in Kansas md.la K'tn tneky. " From the Hays (Kansas) Tree Press: . Two carloads of boozet Two car loads of misery and. shame and degra dation. Perhaps 'Senator Reed was right when be said there were more drunks to the, square inch, in Kansas than in a State where booze. Is 11 censed We who Jive in this com munity know It is true of Hays. From the Winchester, Kj Re publican; . "I notice that .old Booze still has a hold on the necks .or some of. our boys and wools them around pretty roughly, and also has them to wool some of their best friends while others it just eases off into a stupor. The last that J have seen was Hopson Green " L , . As from Winchester bis way he was - wendfegj ' - " ? -"" Old Tar bad gotten holt 'and tilt him a . Jolt And to its Influence he was calmly .. bending. r don't know that we ought to per sonate any of them, but If thoy want it kept a secret they ought to house up in some corner till theyget sober then come out with a long face as if nothing had happened. - Is Lieutenant Barrett, of the British army, any relation to the Barrett whom Kipling mentions: "Jack Barrett went to Quetts Becauso they told him to" . . . The Bag Problem Solved. Sir: All this twaddle about Uie difficulty of stamplpg eggs U. absurd. Commissioner Dillon and the egs dealers are behind the times. The way to do it is simple: I have had It in operation on ray Experi mental Station for the Study of Hen Psychology for years. Let the hen do It. All that is needed Is a common ink pad, such as you use for your check stamp, a record of the foot-marks of each hen (like a thumb-print album), and a little kindly training of .the chief rooster. The way it works is this: When an egg Is laid the hen re sponsible for it steps on the ink pad and then places her hoof firmly but gently on her egg, thus recording Its pedigree. She then notifies the rooster bjr the ordinary cackle. He inspects the egg: then places lit foot to which .has been attached a stamp bearing the date (abbreviated, as say. '17-1-1, 1. e. Jan. 4, )917)upqn the Ink pad and adds the date to the hen's autograph. Perfectly slmrte. The hen Involved and the rooster then are entitled to an extra morsel of meat. corn, a fish tall or fried po tato as payment. It never falls. The only breed with which there is any trouble is the flighty Leghorn. She sometimes mislays her egg. absent-mindedly, and forgets to report. It is a falling of her artistic, suftra gettlsh Jtemperament. But even she soon learns that if she doesn't plav the game she doesn't get the extra feed. Of course, you have to change the rooster's dating stamp dally. I haven't yet been able to train him to do thai himself, but it might done. IL W. Jay, N. Y., Jan. 1. 1917. Mr. Africa Is vice president bt the National Highways Association ... and alive with interest In the project from head to foot, from Cairo to the Cape. Qnlek As A Plash! Sir: Last night, while cogitating on the H. C. of L. and the World's Ex travagance, my eye caught a large electric sign .on Fulton street, Brook Ivn. readlnc: "NUTTING'S." Quick as a flash (and you know how qulpk THAT is) I said to myself;. "So much energy, lamps mm ByKcvwasiea lor what: NUTTINGS. SORZANO. In Pittsburgh the ashes, of a mur derer whose body was cremated have been stolen by curio hunters. We suppose the stealers will set the ashes in little Jars on their mantle pieces. As the fad for Interior decora tion Invades the provinces It assumes strange forms. SON HAHQUIS. ;: fl .l ia