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AFTERNOON EDITION WHh 1:30 WK mt WEATHER FORECAST: Much Colder Tonight. (Fall Report, on Pace Two.) WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2, 1917. PJUCE ONE CENT. NUMBER 10.064 TELEGRAPHERS REMEMBEMO LEAK MESSAGE One Operator Tells Probers E. F. Hutton Suggested Limi tations of Memory. RETURN HERE TOMORROW Inquiry WiJI Be Resumed in Capital Committee Seeks New Trail. NEW TORK. Feb. 2. W.N Frank Packard, a telegrapher who works the San Francisco-Los Angeles wire "I E. F. Button & Co., broker, testl fled before the leak Investigation committee at the customs house to day, that Edward F. Button, head of the firm, had gone Into the operators' room of the house this morning' and suggested that no telegraph operator could remember receiving or sending messages as far back of December 20. This was reluctantly admitted by Packard to Sherman L. "Whipple, counsel for the committee, after the witness had contended that no teleg rapher really could remember what had passed through his hands that long ago. Frank "1L Dick, office manager of II. . Button &. Co, followed Packard on the stand. JTat Impressed By Message. Dick testified that his position tn the Arm of Hutton & Co. was that of (statistician, attending to customers, and giving them advice on the mar ket. He said that he had been telling people for four or'flve days before De cember 20 that the market was too heavy, and he advised them to sell. "If you had known onDecember IS of President Wilson's message," quer ied Mr. 'Whipple, "what would you have done what advice would ou have given to customers?" "Oh," replied the witness. "I do not think it would have impressed me ery much." Baroch's Statement Cited. "Do you mean," Counsel Whipple iticried. "that you attach no Impor tance to such a message as thatT -Tea, sir." "Do tou know that Sir Baruch said if he had known of it he would have become many times a mllllonalref ', -I read it" Dick -explained Jio- believed some thing bigger would be necessary -to shock the public mjnd. r Carrbraes Becker. Corroborating the testimony of Joseph M. Be-ker, John 1L Buramell, an operator In the offices of E. F. Hut ton &. Co., told the House Leak Com mittee today he had received no such messages as that spoken of by Francis A. Connelly, Washington correspond ent of Hutton & Co. Hummell oper ates the Hutton south wire, which runs Into the Connolly office. Becker operates a private wire from Huttons Into the Connolly office. .Hummell said he, undoubtedly, would have remembered it if a roes sage of such great importance had been sent. He stated positively when pressed? as to the certainty of his memory, that he had not seen such a message. - Mt.ucr Not Telegraphed. Following this testimony. Counsel Whipple expressed the beller that It had apparently been proven the mes sage had not been telegraphed. It contains an extraordinary condemna tion of the Frcsldentu's peace mani festo. Hummel declared that his wire had not been used for telephoning during the month of December. GROUNDHOG SEES SHADOW Six Weeks More of Bad Weather Announced by "Prophets. :l weeks of bad weather are in prospect for Washington if any faith Is to be placed In the groundhog's propheo fihorllj after sun tip Unljp arr toni monai bv which the ground hoc- Is known in highbrow circles. ventured out of his hole. Jlc Jiad taken but a few tcps from his threshold before the sun threw his shadow tin the frozen ground. With a iuirk dsrt the groundhog retreated to lii hole and began mak ing preparation, for a six weeks stay there The arcuracj of the groundhog's oropliecj i a faoritc topic of dl.i eiilun among weatheroioglsts, irooscbone piophett nd others who concern themselves about Isothermlc condition At all events, the groundhog to day predicted six weeks or rain, snow sleet. lee, wind and general misbehavior by the elements. U-BOAT STOPS DANES Captain Reports Getting Pass From German Commander. NEW TORK Feb. 2. The Danish motor ship Chili, which arrived last nUrht from Copenhagen and Storno way, reports that on January 17, in latitude 00.50. longitude 0.30, she sighted a German submarine about two miles distant on the port beam. As the Chill steamed along the sub marine kept abreast and set some slg naif, which could not be distinguished. Then she fired a shot, which struck the water within thirty feet of the bridge- The Chili stopped, and Capt Fred erick Grus went in his boat with his papers to the subtnarine. After ex amination he received a pass signed "Slttenfeld Kapltan," and proceeded. The submarine was of about 1,000 tons and had two guns. POINDEXTER URGES SUBMARINE FLEET Wants Navy to Have 200 U- Boats of Modern Type. With the German crisis acute. Sen ator Polndexter of Washington, to day proposed a big submarine fleet for the United States. He Introduced a measure which he will urge as an amendment to the naval bill, and an addition to the regular program of construction for eighty coast submarines and twentj fleet submarines. "The Pacific coast Is in a whollv unprotected condition," he said. "It would be economy to construct these submarines. The Government would have about 200 serviceable undersea boats if these mere constructed, and ine others built which are author ised. That is a small number In comparison with the numbers pos sessed by other countries of the world." He declared the country could not afford to omit construction of these undersea vessels. SURVIVORS OF FIRE ENTOMBED IN ICE Voices Heard in Ruins of Tene ment -Wrecked by Gas Explosion. CHICAGO, Feb. 2. Firemen digging among the ice-covered ruins of the West Side tenement, destroyed by a gas explosion and fire, today heard voices calling for help, shortly be fore noon. At noon the Teacuers were within a few feet of an imprisoned woman. "For God's sake get me out," waa all she could say. Beside the woman, who is about thirty years old, rescuers could see the body of a man. He was believed to be dead. The woman, barely able to mumble, can live but a short time unless released. An emergency call was sent to outlj ing stations for more men to as sist fn clearing away the debris. The death list Is estimated as high as forty. Two thousand, persons, half naked and barefooted, were driven from their homes Into the streets, with the temperature 4 degrees below zero, when buildings for several squares were rocked by the concussion Bolldlar DemelUked. Following the eupjoslou wJiieU' came with such force that the build'-' ing was completely demolished, a yawning crevasse was torn open tn the street. Out of the fissure leaped a blue flame, which by thetime fire men arrived had spread to the wreck age and transformed the debris Into a roaring Inferno. Ilescue of Im prisoned and Injured men, women and children. and recovery of bodies was practically impossible Emergency Alarms. Immediately after the explosion. emergency alarms were sent to, alt fire stations In the city and prompt arrival of fire-fighting apparatus saved man) adjoining tenements. With clothing coated with Ice, fire. men, policemen, and volunteers risked their lives, carrying women and chit dren from the wrecked and adjoin ing flats. Several firemen, badly frozen, were taken to hospitals with those they had rescued. Twelve families made their home In the tenement. Each family had a num ber of roomers, so It has been Im- Dosslble to secure an accurate esti mate of the number of persons living in the building. Estimate Beach Fifty. The exact death list probably never will be learned, police say. Some po lice estimates run as high as fifty. There were twenty-six small chil dren In the-tenement All were under ten j cart, of age. Some of those who escaped were thrdwn from windows by frenzied parents. Clement S. Davis, a switchman, on hi way home from work, passed the building shortly after the explosion occurred Tlnee small children were tossed Into his arms 'from a second hlnrv uinrinw A fmtrtli atrilrlf him nn i, lii.Br- ..nil.Hnir htm tinenn scions He was taken to a hospital. The child was uninjured. Three small children. In night clothes, were seen to crawl out of a basement windew soon after firemen arrived. How they escaped is a mvs tcry. STOCK MARKET STEADIES Submarine Notice Had Caused Shrinkage of $100,000,000. NEW TOBK, Feb. 2. A flood of sending, generally In small lots from business men and small speculators in all parts of the country, continued on the stock exchange today. Bargain hunters who beieed the bottom had been reached, shorts who bought to cover and take profits from previous sales and conservative In vestors bought, and the market steadied. The cotton exchange also opened steady, after the board of managers had met and decided to keep the ex change open. Many Inqurles had been received, following yesterday's $23 a bale break, regarding the ad v Inability of closing the exchange. In Wall Street today, proflt'taking by Jesse L. I.Ivermore. Bernard Baruch and Joseph J. Manning, bear operators, who had sold short, was credited with having been a big factor In steadying the market after yester day's crash. It was estimated the submarine proclamation caused a shrinkage of values of more than JIOO.000,000. EDITORBARES PAST TO BLOCK BLACKMAILERS Philip F. Franklin, of Gaithers- burg, fcaves Boys Recused of Mythical Robbery. SAYS HE GAVE UP 51,100 Manufactured Robbery Story to Stop Demands of Former Fellow-Convicts. "I have been hounded for seven lofts vcars by convicts who served with me In the Eastern State Penitentiary in Phila delphia, and who have blackmailed me for more than $1,100 In that time. I have decided to bare my life to the world and take the consequences from the black mailers and society at large." Thus spoke Philip F. FrankUn, editor of a newspaper In Gaithersburg, Md., "to a Times reporter today. Franklin's acquaintances 1n Mary land first learned of the dark chap ter In his life yesterday, when he told a Judge In the police court at Bockvllle that he had manufactured a story of having been robbed of $9.10, so as io make the alleged black, mailers believe he had no money with which to meetathelr demands. Saved Three Boys. The editor told his remarkable and startling story of prison life to save three boys who were on trial for the mythical theft. The boys were freed after the court had recovered from the shock caused by the editor's story. Franklin Is editor of the Gaithers burg Journal, having purchased that paper several months ago. He made his home at Galthersburg with his wife and son. No one knew him when he first came to the town,' but he made many friends, and was re spected. Strangers Enter Office Strangers were seen to enter his of. flee, but either attracted no parties lar attention or when they did the editor explained they were "friends from down the country-" Today Franklin said these visitors were men with whom he served four years in Eastern State Penitentiary. They came, he said, to extort money from him for silence as to the hidden chapter In his life. They succeeded In getting 1,100 frpm him. . c I.lvea 1st Uprlxateo-whtss. "Jt would add nothing to the story for me to tell the world the nature of the crime for which I served my term," said the editor today. "I served four -years for a crime for which I was convicted when I was thirty-one years old. I am now forty-eight. '"Since my liberation I have led an up right, righteous life and tried to be a Christian. I have been honorable and honest, and shall always regret the er ror of my young life. "Determined to redeem rayseir and reform my ways, I went to Wilmlng- (Continued n Eighth Page.) BATTERY B OFF TODAY District Artillerymen to Start Home This Afternoon. SAN ANTONIO, Feb. 2. Battery B, District or Columbia Field Artillery, will start home from the Arizona border today, according to announce ment at department headquarters. A special train will carry th"e artil lerymen from Douglas back to Wash ington b e mustered out of the Federal service after their long turn of duty on the border. With horses to be watered and ex ercised along the way, several days will be required for the trip At Eagle Pass the Fifth Maryland Infantry Is busy with plans for home-going. The organization is un der orders to entrain and leave for Baltimore. next Monda). Although toda is the coldest San Antonio has experienced in the win ter season, the Third District of Col umbia Infantry went on a practice march, covering about eight miles. BIGGER GUARD AT CANAL Army Acts to Thwart Any Plots at Panama. Because of the possibilities of dan ger from the present international situation, army officials have taken steps for extra precautions at the Panama Canal, It was learned today. Hlron'ger watches have been placed over the locks "since Tuesday," lett there, be some attempt to damaare them, and thus make the whole canal svstem useless. ' Special care Is being taken throughout the country to guard against an) plotting, and Secret Service men are keeping tabs on any possible conspiracies. OHIOANS BACK PRESIDENT Legislators Call on U. S. to Stand Behind Him in Crisis. COLUMBUS. Ohio. Feb. 2. The Ohio house of representatives today unanimously adopted a resolution ad dressed to President Wilson, declar ing that It viewed with alarm the present crisis, and calling upon every citizen of the United States "to stand behind the President as one man." AMERICAN LINER NEARS WITH HOST OF NOTABLES ON BOARD; U. S. A WAITS GERARD'SEXPLANA TIO Many Big Ships With Americans Aboard in or Near Block ade District. NOTABLES ARE IN i PERIL Mrs. Whitelaw Reid and Cap tain Amundsen Among Pas sengers on Philadelphia. BALTIC SOON IN WAR AREA White Star Liner Left New York for Liverpool Last Monday With 49 in Cabin. NEW TORK. Feb. Z The American liner Philadelphia, bound for Liverpool with many Americans abroad, is near Ing the barred zone-of the waters about England today. A message received from Captain Can dy by the American line officers here today reported the Philadelphia J13 miles west of Fastnet at noon yesterday. She was making 15 knots an hour, despite a broken crank shaft In her port engine. She Is proceeding under power of thVsiarboard engine. " Captain Candy reported "an welt" Among those on board the Philadel phia are Mrs. Whitelaw Reld, the Misses Helen and Ethel Crocker, of San Fran cisco, CaL: Ogdcn Mills, George Gordon Mpore. Lieut. John M. Eager, U. a A, and -Capt. Roald Amundsen, Arctic ex ployer. vTfce Finland la Dancer. The Finland, of the same line, also from this port for Liverpool, is due to arrive there on Sunday, and also Is In the danger, cone. She has on board 114 cabin passengers, of whom forty- lv a r.. Im.iu. .UI..b- am, Kroonland, o-f this line, steamed from Liverpool for,. this port -on Wednes- day with lSUpassengers. The exact number of Americans among: them Ja noL known. 'J& . -rtnoiner yar$; onnosfd wblclt- arj Atiterlofna Irhe,TjlB"Ua!tlc. of the- Whlto Star line, .which steamed from this port Monday for Liverpool with forty-nine .cabin passengers. She is UM . .Ml.WfW, V MVAfc I, VUIICB1UVJ and. of course, will have to traverse the danger space Jong after the time limit is reacnea. Big Steamships 1st Danger. The Celtic, of the White Star line the Minnehaha, of the Atlantic Trans port line, and the Orduna, of the Cnnard line, all of them bound from here to Liverpool, are in danger, The Touralne. of the French line. which steamed for Bordeaux late last Sunday night, is stil lanother steam ship to brave the perils of the sub marine danger. On board the Tou ralne were many opera singers, and a large proportion of her passengers were United States cltisens. U. S. LINER DELAYS TRIP St. Louis Will Not Leave for Liver pool Tomorrow. Officials of the American Line have advised the State Department that the steamship St. Loiii. scheduled to leave New York tomorrow for Liver pool, will not sail. She will be held in port pending a definite determination by President Wilson of his course of action re specting the German submarine blocK ade. Subsequently, it was Indicated, the company will rest its decision on advice from the Government at Wash ington. The decision of the company to can cel the sailing of the St. Louis was not based on the Rdvice of the state Department In view of the fact that the President, at the time the com pany officials made Inquiry, lato yes terday afternoon, had not finally de termined his course, the State Depart ment declined to advise. Itellef In Kelt. At the same time considerable relief was felt In Administration circles when the company's decision became known. It was realized that In the sailing of the St Louis-tomorrow lay the possibility of events the effects of which would be to sweepaway any opportunity that may perhaps remain for Germany to modify her decree. POLICE STOP ELOPEMENT Youthful Couple Came to Capital to Be Wedded. The elopement or Miss Virginia Robertson, seventeen jears old, of Cralgsville, Va., came to a sail end ing here yesterday, when Deputy Sheriff W. L. Palmar took her back to her father. The youthful bride to have besn left Cralgsville Wednesday morning with Wallace Glott, eighteen year.s of age. Hut Pater Robertson telephoned In spector Grant, chief of detectives, and asked him to ston the vveddlnc. When Virginia and Wallace stepped from tho train at Union Station De tective Harry Warren greeted them. They were driven to police headquar ters. There tho young, prospectlvo husband was told he could go, but his sweetheart must remam. Virginia spent the night at the House of Detention, and esterd she returned home, still "Mis Vir ginia Robertson." Sheriff Palmer said he understood that her parents were not opposed to the marriage, but wanted her to have her wedding at home. U.S. BEGINS INVESTIGATION INTO SCUTTLING OF GERMAN VESSEL Secret Service Operators Put to Work on Strange Loss of Lieberfels Creto May Be Arrested. United States Secret Service oper atives, acting Under dlreet instruc tions of the State Department, have been put to work to discover .wheth er the sinking of the German freighter Llebenfela In Charleston, (S. C.) harbor yesterday by members of her crew was part of an organ ized German plot to sink all German merchantmen in American ports. It was expected that members of the crew of the Liebenfels might be taken Into custody some time today pending further Inquiries. . This, It was explained, could be' done under strict laws providing for the protec tion of navigation. Tsilght Be Serious, In view of the large number of German liners that have been tied up. since the outbreak of the war at New Tork, Boston, Philadelphia, Bal timore. Norfolk and other ports along the Atlantic coast, It Is realised that DEYIL IS NO FOOL, SAYSGYPSY SMITH Evangelist Pays Respects to ' Wily Foe in Tabernacle Sermon. v .'' .. ,. . , . .... . " 7 u rtajool and thatt corabal, hlra-jiueeesafulbr one teust.anB ewa.nlf wtth. the armor- AT- Uoa' "Waa th tEcnA-o GpaySmli'jfhraU; sermon last mini aia me laocrnaeia si Sixteenth and. V streets. A congrega tion which comfortably filled the big structure greeted tne evangelists worus with serious attention but little dem onstration of emotion. This sermon on "The Wiles of the Devil, or the Diabolical D's" has been heralded as one of Gypsy's favorites, one in which he reaches the apex of his sometimes pyrotechnlcal oratory. But last night's effort lasted only a little more than thirty minutes and at no time generated a great deal of heat. The only applause of the evening came with his attack on "disarrangement one of the Diabolical D's. ' Oyster' Should Be Insignia. "I call It disarrangement." he thun dered, "when a. church gives a supper to buy a new carpet I know of a church up North which should have a stained glass window with an oyster In it. There are lota of churches which should say special prayers for the oyster. For the oyster has built up more churches than any other thing. "I wouldn't Insult Jesus Christ by hav ing to sit down to a supper before giv ing him GO cents. Listen I It's the same (Continued on' Eighth Page.) NO TRANSPORTATION PLANS u. S. Has Made No Arrangements to Bring Americans Home. Means of providing for Americana in Germany and elsewhere in Europe, who may wish to return home be cause of threatened international trouble, had not been furnished up to today. The State Department, however. has considered In a broad general way what steps It will take If many Americans become panicky and want to hasten home. The chief of these arrangements would be foi Americans in Germany, but as for those in the rest of Europe it seems likely that there would be comparatively few needing transpor tation. The whole situation about Ameri can abroad is contingent on Presi dent Wilson's course toward Ger many. Until that is decided the State Department probably will take no ac tion WOULD CHANGE EMBLEM Clubwomen Want Laurel Selected as National Flower. Representative of tho Federation of Women's Club want the House Library Committee to make the mountain laurel the national flower to replace "the golden rod," JJccause the golden rod Is a weed, responsible for hay fever, and so cannot be taken ns a dignified em blem, although It Is generally accepted as such. Mrs. Mar) C Lockwood. chaplain gen eral of the D. A. It, was one of the speakers at a committee hearing today ADD 100,000 TO FRENCH ARMY. I PARIS. Feb. 2. i.'lntranslgeant" sas probably 100,000 men will be added to the army u u result of the re-rxamlnatlon or 350,000 men who had been exempted for various rea sons. If the Incident at Charleston Is pa: of a general plot the consequesci to the United States might be tremelr serious. The action Wednesday night 'of Dudley Field Malone, collector of the port of New Tork, la directing his neutrality officers tU board and in spect alt the German liners tied up In New Tork harbor was based oa more or less-deflnlte Intimations that these ships might be taken out and sunk In the channel of New Tork Bay un der cover of the dense fog that hung ,over the harbor that night. Offi cials here refuse, however, to cos firm this. Official Reports. Official reports on the Charleston Incident have been received, both at the Treasury Department, through the customs officers at Charleston, and the Navy Departraent,from the commandant of the Charleston navy (Continued on Eighth Page.) SIX MORE SHIPS ARE VICTIMS OFU-BOATS Second Day of Hew Submarine Campaign Reaps Heavy TeWofcCraft TteTTHRBAM, -HeHiaJ rti re. -Tk Hef -JMeww ,Xi4H4 fUtterdaa, Tairsfay, wa'ralje4 t psrt'b'y sBelat orders today. LONDON, Feb. 2. Six more ships were reported sunk In the second day of Germany's new "barred zone" cam paign, early this afternoon. First was the Norwegian steamer Portia. Thon, came word of the de struction of the Ravenbourne- with a loss of three members of the crew and, the sinking of the Norwegian steamer Bekla. Later the following additional sink ings were announced: British steamer Ewonlte. Spanish steamer Algorta. Belgian steam trawler Marcelle. The last named vessel waa sunk by gunfire from a submarine. Lloyds lists the ships mentioned as follows: Steamer Hekla A steel screw steamer of 930 tons gross; owned by William Hansen, and registered at Bergen. Seamer Ravenbourne Not listed. The Portia was a steel screw steamer of 1,127 tons gross, the prop erty of J. Lund & Co, or Bergen. The neutral nations of Europe are awaiting America's decision as to Germany's new war on the seas with anxiety. May Delay Action. Dispatches today from the capitals of Holland, Spain, and the Scandin avian countries hinted that effort would be made In each of those na tions to delay any action until that determined upon by the United Stales Is announced. Holland Is perhaps hardest' struck of all the European neutrals. Dis patches from across the chanel to day gives a graphic picture of the seriousness with which the Dutch re gard) the German orders a serious ness which was deepened by knowl edge that among the first ships to fall victim to the new sea ruthlessness was a Dutch freighter. Holland is closer to the "barred zone" about England than any other neutral na tion and la correspondingly harder hit by Its restrictions. Seurce of Anxiety. An increasing sourLC of anxiety In The Netherlands were reports of activity of the German military machine not many mile distant from the Dutch bor der. It was pointed out today that If bj chance Germany should attempt v lo lalion of Dutch territory, the winter season, when the dikes and canals are frozen and passable by foot. Is most favorable for such a step. From Madrid came word that the min ister of foreign affairs had a long con ference with American Ambas sador Willard after a prolonged cabi net session In which all the aspects of the new German order were considered Premier Romanones was quoted as declaring the new situation Indicated grave times for Spain. Copenhagen reported a lengthy ses sion of the Danish cabinet: Stockholm advices detailed the gravest appre hension voiced by press and public Practically all European neutrals have ordered al sailing suspended until some decision Is reached. GRAIN MARKET RECOVERS. CHICAGO. Feb. 2. The grain market today had apparently recov ered from the panic of yeterday and all grains opened steady at about last night's close. July wheat which was especially strong opened up at an ad' vsnee of 1H. Action on U-Boat ntarine WHh- ' held Until Notte FWy Explained. CELEBRITIES ARE IN PERIL But iTfioarS GoMraXy Think igmal Interpretation Was Correct. BERNSTORFF READY TO GO Praparsd to Leave at OMe He Is Handed Hk Fa porte by U. -8". Action by President Wilson In an f 4 i swer to Germany's new submarine blockade decree awaka th official interpretation to be- ybwed on the ' term "unrestricted warfare," used In tho German note. " ' Ambassador Gerard at BerHa has already been asked to get from t&a German foreign office Jaat what Is meant. Officials have aasemed. Just as tfcaf American public has assessed. tfca It means a return to" Use same lutMesn sess under wateh meroaaat Teasels, passesger asireH as freight, entering the war soBr;would be creak without warning. Kant JMAbsohrielr Save. 'Officials called sttteafcVsB today. however, b the fact that this ,le sot apecUcattr slated in the flsisaaa era mnnlcaHenj Walla this sssuwptlon would sees to be Jwtrsed R Is realised that the Preswfeafr savst as soVnteJy Wsare of Ma groand before tsSeteg ,eae serfeaa ' fit ssvetnc .areak. - Gerard's rtvlr- to tie- estairy tr jei -' jiectsd- tOreaahWsiililiiartir'atsmy- time, .'It it Justiaea the fear of the , Adestetstratlen, It is takes ier grant ed that the President wlH act at esce. recalHnfc- Gerard from Berlin and handing Coast voa Berjtstorff his passports. Stay Mean Mere Pretest. If. on the other hand, the official German Interpretation denies that ehlpa are to be sunk without warning. it is regarded as entirely possible' that the controversy nfay swing around t a protest by this Government on the ground that the blockade, proclaimed cannot be recognized as legaL At 2:30 o'clock this afternoon the President will meet with his Cabinet Only In the event that a reply is re ceived from Gerard tn the meantime Is there any likelihood. It is believed, that any definite announcement will be forthcoming from the meeting Conference With Stone. Senator William J. Stone, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Com mittee, was due to arrive in Wash ington shortly before the Cabinet meeting. It was expected that he would confer with the i President sometime during the afternoon with a view to ascertaining what action. if any, the President might want from Congress. While the critical character of the situation cannot be too earnestly em phasized. it should be as emphaticallv pointed out that no formal communl cation has yet been sent to Germany No definite and final step has yet been taken. There have been no ul timatums. , .o CrystalllaatUn. At noon today the situation had not crystallized so definitely that It could be stated unqualifiedly that there will be a severanVe of diplo matic relations. ' The Inquiry to Gerard Is under stood to have been sent either late Wednesday night after the receipt of the German note, or early yesterday morning. There Is also reason to be- lleve that a formal note to Germany was prepared yesterday, but Its .send ing was halted by the President be cause the expected reply from Ger ard to the Informallnquiries had not yet been received. Gave lnterpretalen. On definite authority It was learned today that when Count von Bernstorff presented the formal communication of his government to Secrcetarv' l.anslng Wednesday night he volun teered no interpretation of what the uerman note precisely meant con cerning the methods to be emp!6yed by the submarines. Friends of Count von Bernstorff declare that he Is entirely prepared to accept his passports . and leave. Personally, he Is said to feel that there can be no Interprestatlon placed on the German note other than that it means a revocation of the German pledges. No Cenffrmatlen. Neither at the State Department nor at the Austrian, embassy could any confirmation be obtained for th press reports from Berlin that Austria-Hungary has dispatched to the United States a note similar to that sent by Germany. Count TarnowskI, the new Austrian ambassador, arrived In Washington last night He was unable to throv any light on the situation, though he r a l M r'