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THE 'WASHINGTON TIMES; SATDHDAY; Jb'KBKTJART ,3.- 191T. fflEEY COMMENT OF THE RADIATOR Frank Discussion of Motor Matters by The Times Auto mobile Editor AN UNPREJUDICED OPINION A Column of Judgment on Is sues Vita to Motor Car Owners. l Br jiov?e soirx. Motordom Is much absorbed with the question of saturation the ques tion as to whether automobile manu facturers are coins to find a market so satisfied with users that there will no longer be a national demand for cars. Out of approximator 3,500,000 cars built in the last ten years there are still nearly 3.000,000 in use, and 1,300, 000 were built last year. This year almost a million and three-quarters Is the estimated production of the motor manufacturers. In four years, at "the present rate of production there will be 8.000,000 cars in use, despite replacements and exits via the junk pile. Contemplate! Eight people In every hundred will own a car. The casual consideration of this fact does not reveal the tremendous consequences of Its effect. Glimpse Into Future. "What, we wonder, will the District traffic squad do to successfully handle 50,000 motor cars? At twelve miles an hour? Dipping- still further Into the ulti mate, we pass over the mundane door step and in the prophetic realm of doubt, we open our eyes. 1050' Moses s-Xliur's most extravagant drawings bf the future are pale prophecies by comparison. The street cars are no more, and .the sidewalks have shrunk to mere doorsteps, for nobody walks except for pleasure, a purpose which Is all that has saved the parks from the - seeds of the self-propelled-vehicle. With the passing: of the sidewalks, tunnels from cornar to corner, be neath, the streets lead from sub-base---. ment to sub-basement of buildings. There is a fine of $30 for any vio lation of the law against crossing the streets on foot. Anynvptorist caught driving his ( ilear at less than twenty miles an ' nour Is fined. There is no speed limit In the judg ment of the law, the only fine being for "Criminally Reckless Driving." Strange things have happened to our fair city In this passing of time. "Cop" Sale In Crow's Kest. The crossing "cop" no longer Is im I periled by the rushing swarms of motor cars. He sits above his sta tion of 1917 in a crow's nest, and the seat upon his steel pole- gives him a commanding view of the two thor oughfares, the semaphore being be low Him. Accessory shops have entrances for cars Instead of small .doors, and no cars may park at the curbs, since every business establishment, thea- ter, public building and residence has its. automobile entrance, which in some instances leads beicw to base ment parking spaces. The gasolene dispensary Is no more. In place of the unsightly gasolene tanks in back of the cars, automobiles of 1950 carry neat little, Inconspicu ous aluminum boxes at the rear. In these boxes one pours a quart of water when the gauge on the dash Indicates necessity, and the dropping of a small globule Into the quart of water means the generation of suf ficient fuel In the form of gas to drive the car 250 miles. Wonderful Electrics. There are, of course, the electric cars, which travel a thousand miles on a charge and are capable of as high as 100 miles an hour. Rubber, long since discarded, has been replaced by a resilient substance ten times as durable, a' synthetic product manufactured by a process involving some - mysterious use of sulphuric acid. Tires made of this material are guaranteed for 50,000 miles. In 133), there being so many other big improvements in motordom, mechanical 1 At. Its New Will The Trew 1337 14th Street and otherwise. It Is but natural that now. In this milleuniumof motor matters, Virginia has decided to declare for good roads. Next spring 1951 there will be presented In the legislature a bill pro viding for the reclamation of the Washington-Richmond highway, more fa mlllary known as the "Chopawamslc Slough." And when this ambition is achieved, the toll charges on the Shenandoah Vat ley roads will be reduced 3 cents per gate." Connecting Links Bollt. Maryland has long since built up the ragged Geneses which connect her high ways with District of Columbia avenue, and both houses have passed bills or dering Investigation into the freight car embargo of 1917. England has taken up the Qrat Issue of her war bonds. Issued In 1915. This morning, February G. 1950, The Times automobile editor has received his customary quota of rnalL The first en velope opened contains a story which be gins thus: 'The Gumph Motor Car." says George Q. Gumph. president of the Gumph Motor Car Compay,of Detroit, Mich., builders of the world's finest mo tor vehicles, "is without doubt the finest motor vehicle built. In the development of the forty-two cylinder Gumph. 'the finest materials and the most beautiful refinements the world affords are built Into this super-car of this day. It has more power, more speed, more luxury than any other car." A "Cabinet," Too. In the same mail, the Gumph Motor Car Company send a cabinet photograph of Mr. Gumph, together with the life history of the fourth assistant stenog rapher to the third vice president of the company and a three-column story about a. mammoth sales convention at the Gumph factory. Otherwise, with the exception of the fact that gasolene Is 4 cents a gallon and eggs are a dollar a piece. living is quite as unbearable as In the days of the Wilson Administration. A telegram advising us of the in corporation of a million-dollar motor transported circus states that "Circus will carry twelve hundred persons all animals, even elephants," through the medium of Kelly-Sprlngfleld trucks. "Speaking of the tonneau," which a story from the Pathfinder factory does at great length, "was there ever anything more humorous than, the first tonneau motor car which was, as -Utterly as the word itself 'a little tub " Utterly speaking, no. The Jeffery Circle, a monthly medium for the propagation of pros pective purchasers advises Jeffery dealers to devote more time to Sedan sales. Particularly, it suggests, "when a mla-wlnter blizzard Is bllz ring." Quite true. And during the mid-summer bliz zards, too. TURNING RADIUS REDUCED. In designing the 1917 motor cars, one of the ends sought by many of the engineers was to provide solu tions for the traffic problems result ing from the increased numbers of au tomobiles using the downtown streets of our large cities. In the Oakland for 1917, for example, the turning ra dius of the front wheels was reduced to thirty-eight feet, making it possi ble for the driver to turn around in a narrow thoroughfare without backing up or shifting gears from first to re verse and back again. SWEDEN CUTS TRAIN TRAFFIC. LONDON, Feb. I. Reuters Stock holm correspondent reports that ow ing to the coal shortage the minister of the Interior has approved Imme diate restriction of all passenger traf fic on the state railways. An early restriction of freight traf fic is foreshadowed. The Radiator has expressed It self decidedly on all motor mat ters. It has distributed the laurel and piled the hickory wherever In Its judgment eulogy or wallop was due. But all of Its criticisms have been founded on fact. These facts necessarily came from individuals who are Interested In motordom and motor matters. While It never can be a forum. In future more than ever before it will welcome the opinions of motorists on everything from ac cessories to automobile adminis tration. It wants to know of all things, good or bad, and to co operate with motorists in reclaim ing to activity those things which are dorraantly indifferent. Never mind what they are. Send the opinions. Price This -Ton Reo Revolutionize IMMEDIATE DELIVERIES Motor Co, North 510 STORAGE BATTERY TEST IS EXPLAINED Use of Pocket Ammeter for Purpose Will Cause Consider able Damage. I can test dry cells with a pocket ammeter. Why can't I test my stor age battery the same way?" This question Is frequently asked by I automobile owners, many of whom have learned through bitter experience that j there must be a reason why the familiar I little pocket ammeter, used to tell whether dry cells are weak or strong, iwlll cause considerable damage to a storage battery. To the average automobile owner a I battery is a good deal like a Greek puz zle. It Is hard for him to appreciate , that a storage battery Is a purely chem ical device. And so, a battery is a bat ! tery. But there. Is a big difference be tween the chemical ana eiecincai na tures of the dry cell and the storage battery. Operation Explained. Both dry and storage batteries operate by chemical action when "the circuit is closed." The dry cell, when It Is ex hausted, is done; the storage battery, when exhausted, can be recharged. The ordinary dry cell has a comparatively high "internal resistance," which per mits only a certain amount of electricity to be discharged at one time. But just the opposite Is true of the storage bat tery Its "internal resistance" Is very low, and It can discharge a tremendous amount of current when given an op portunity. When the pocket ammeter is used on a dry cell, the amount of current liberated Is smalli .doesn't injure the dry -cell and doesn't Injure the am meter. But the same little instru ment, placed on a cell of a storage battery, will In most cases be burnt up by the tremendous current dis charged, and at the same time the storage battery cell Is permitted to discharge Itself all at once, with a ruinous result upon the battery Itself. The same thing occurs when tools or other metal objects are carelessly placed on top of the battery. When Test Is narafnL. A dry cell can be tested when it Is Idle, but the same sort of test on a storage battery is not only harmful If unskillfully done, but doesn't tell anything even to ah expert. Volt meter and ammeter readings should never be attempted unless the battery is either being charged br discharged at the time, and then, only by an ex pert. Tests with a hydrometer ican be, and should be, frequently made, and no harm can result; but any ether sort of test should be given by some one who has the proper Instru ments and knows how to connect them up correctly. "Quite frequently we -are asked to tell what Is the trouble with a bat tery which the owner has 'tested' with a pocket ammeter," says R. Ii Sonne, local distributer for Prestollte bat' terles. "The little scratches on the battery terminals where an ammeter rhas been- placed tell a story of bat tery abuse which the average own er finds trouble In understanding. Battery Stay Be Ruined. "All he did was to test" It. and the battery may be completely ruined. You see, we have a selfish reason for giving free service to battery owners. It Is much simpler for us to test a battery properly than it Is to make repairs after the owner has tested it improperly. Besides, it's much better for the owner. "The service Is free, and we are glad to extend it to all automobile owners. The user might as well face the fact, that you can't tell from looking at a battery whether it is in good shape or, not. The only war is to have it tested systematically at least, once every two weeks, and oftener in hot weather. In that way, I the little troubles can be caught be- fore they become big ones. I "We have expert battery men here I for the sole purpose, of giving this free service, and the automobile i owner should not feel at ail back ward about taking advantage of it. wo feel that It is just as much to our Interest as it is to bis." LIGHT AS OIL GAUGE. , One of the distinctive features noted on the new Oakland!, Is the substitu tion of a pilot light on the dash for the customary oil gauge to provide a positive warning to the driver of the I condltlon'of the lubricating system. as on to an auiomoDiie is me same as blood to the human body, this pilot light Is the pulse of the car. The light is a great Improvement on the gauge, which gets greasy and collects dirt. Merchandising HONOR CONGRESSMAN PAGE i Commissioner Brownlow and North Carolina Society Pralta Record. The work of Congressman Robert N. Page, retiring member from North Carolina, in behalf of the District during his stay in Congress was lauded by Commissioner Brownlow at a meeting at the Raleigh last night, at which Mr. Page was the honor guest of the North Carolina Society of the District. Speaker Champ Clark, Secretary- of the Navy and Mrs. Daniels and Con gressman K. T. Webb were among those at the speakers' table. After resolutions had been adopted praising him for his faithful services to the country in Congress, Mr. Page made a brief sddress of thanks. Robert H. McNeil, president of the society, was tBastmaater. The musi cal program flcluded a vocal solo by Mrs. William' T. Reed, with Prof. Claude. Robeson as accompanist. MAXWELLDISPLAY TO BE SEEN HERE H. B. Leary Will Hold Exhibit Beginning Monday, Feb: ruary 5. Monday, February C, marks the opening of the annual, show of H. B. Leary with the complete 1017 line of Maxwell cars on display. Each year Leary hao conducted this exhibition early in February, and this year will be, consistent with the da velopment and progress of the Max well In motordom, the biggest which has yet been held. ' Two engineers from the Maxwell plant will be on hand for the week and a cut-out Maxwell chaals will be their blackboard for explaining the. various points of mechanical interest' to Visitors. The line for this year, models of each of which will be dlsplayer. In cludes the Sedan, Town Car, Cabriolet, All-seaaons-top, Tourist and Road ster models. Decorations will be flowers and ferns in prolific abundance and at night five hundred electric lamps of various colors will dress the show room with brilliant effect. Each evening of next week the show rooms will be opened for visitors. and the entire staff will be on bandjto welcome them. DEFEAT WATER POWER BILL Shield Power Measure Alto Ex pected to Fall. The Myers water power bill Is dead. Some days ago, it was widely reported that the opponents of the bill in Congress believed the Presi dent would not support the measure.' This brought forth denials. How ever, it has become apparent that at least the Administration has done nothing effective 'toy? get the- bill through the Senate.? When the Senate yesterday by an overwhelming vote laid the bill, aside to take up the. agricultural bill, the word passed about that this sealed the doom of the Myers bill. It is a fact that it may occupy some fur ther time before the Senate, but no one expects It to pass. Senator Fall yesterday maue a hard attack on it. Along with the Myers bill. It-Is generally accepted that the Shields water power bill Is doomed to fail ure. LOOT BANK, LOCK MAN IN 8AFE COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 3. Burg lars blew the safe of the Worthing too7 Bank, at Worthlngton. early last evening and obtained 36,000 in cur rency. Allen Brown, an aged negro, heard the explosion and begsjoan In vestigation. The robbers, five In num ber, seized Brown and locked him in the safe. He was released by bank officials. The New The Year-Ahead Beauty Gar TT Look for no car equaling this new Hupmobile, even in externals, for twelve B months to come. Its intensified refinement is a year ahead. It . was the U world's finest Four before. Now it is the year-ahead beauty-car as well. IJHupmobiles, back to the beginning, have been one long line of successes. But this beauty-car goes far beyond Hupmobile best. WWe have held fast to Hupmobile standards, and pulled down the overhead. Critics (among them a leading can builder) called the Hupmobile motor "a power plant fit for a $3,000 car." And so it Js. (J They said we could cheapen the rear axle, -that we could use a clutch less costly, and so on. CI So we sought and won this extra margin, and have put it all back into added beauty. Touring and Roadster $1185. Seven Passenger Touring $1340. Rye Passenger Sedan $1735 f. o. b. Detroit D. Phone North 331 oo6ooococoocxcocoococxxxoocooooo HARROW HOTOR IS GIVEN SEYERE TEST Small and Compact Engine De velops Brake Maximum of 43.1 H. P. DETROIT. Feb. 1 Automobile en gineering circles have been much In terested in a recent test of the new Har roun motorwhlch has been In the hands of the research department of the Remy Electric Company. Though this motor is ond of the small est and most compact on the market. It developed a brake test maximum of 4X1 horsepower on the Remy dynamometer, accompanying the maximum by a revo lutionary rapidity In attaining Its inter mediate steps. Harroun's design measures but 3K inches in bore and 64 Inches stroke a piston displacement for its four cylin ders of 171 cubic Inches. According to the conventional formula for the calcu lation of power. Its rating Is 113. Tet this motor developed 20-horse at SCO rev olutions per minute, 30 at 1,400, 35 at 1.650, 40 at V50, and 43.1 at 2.400. .From W50 revolutions to 3J0O repre senting a car speed of from 45 to 70 miles an hour the power remained consistently ai or sdovo w-norse, instead of drop ping sharply after the peak had been reached. CHANGES ANNOUNCED. The -Department of Commerce has announced today the following changes in Its personnel: In the Bureau of Standards: Au brey E. Dummer and Paul J. Hunt, aides, were 'promoted from 3600 to $720: Franklin J. Little, Jr., received temporary appointment as an aide at 3720; Edward Schramm, assistant chemist, at $1,800, and Martin J. De Mott, skilled laborer at 3720, have resigned. , David Zurich and Ruth Burnslde received probatlonal appointments as clerks In the Bureau of the Census at 3900. William F. Wells was transferred from the Treasury Department to the Bureau of Fisheries as field assistant at $2,400. . Sensible ' Wm fill ilcy " Mm Wk OIX Jjf Jka8ra. I Washington Oakland Company, I I 932 14th Street Main 687 I I. J. HENDERSON, Mgr. IMMEDIATE DELIVERY B. GISH, Inc. 'REMEMBER LUSITANIA DAY French Deputy Propose All Ships Hali-Matt. PARIS, Feb. 3. M. Guernler, presi dent of the merchant marine commit tee of the chamber, has advanced the proposal that the anniversary of the torpedoing of the Cunard Line steam er Lusttanla be declared a legal com memoration day and observed an nually by vessels throughout the world half-masting their flags for victims of German submarines. M. Gutrnler recommends that every where at the same moment, after a signal by wireless, all ships shall cease communication apd send out the "avenging word, 'Remember!'" PUBLIC SHOWNEW PACKARD AIRAOXOR Machine Develops More Than Two. Hundred Horse Power ' on First Test. The 200-horsepower airplane motor built by th.e Packard Motor Car Com pany was shown to the public for the first time at the Detroit automobile how. - , The experimental section of the alr- ! craft division has been a; work on the engine for about a year. W. B. I Stout, engineer in .charge of the air craft division, is directing its devel opment, under the observation of ' The rrew product is a twelve-cylin-jder engine of the V type, with the Lcylinders Inclined at an Included an j gle of 40 degrees, to provide for mln ilmum air resistance. On its first, dy 'namometer test the engine developed omre than 200-horsepower. As a further means of testing the engine, it was mounted on the plat form of a two-ton truck, with the propeller projecting over the rear end. The force of the propeller sent the truck flying along at a rate of more than forty miles an hour. As there was no muffler attached, the racket of the explosions attracted a considerable amount of attention in the vicinity, of the Packard factory before the police 'department ruled the big engine off the streets. 1529 M Street COAST HAS FIRST MOTORTRUCKROAD Highway Is Built for Exckitfv Use as Trucking Thorough fare. The freight transportation probleaj. is being, solved In pne locality by what Is probably the first separata road for motor trucking. It is now being built by Los Angeles county, CaL, according to a recent Issue of the Power Wagon of Chicago. The road Is 13.3 miles long from Los Angeles to the harbor of San Pedro. It consists of a five-inch bass of disintegrated granite, forty feet wide, forming; a water-bound macad am, on the center of which Is laid eight Inches of 1:2:4 concrete, twenty-four feet wide. A bituminous car. pet covers the concrete. As motor trucking becomes Increasingly Impor tant we may confidently look to see a rapidly growing mileage of road built exclusively for such traffic In and about all cities of considerable size. Starting Lighting Vehicle fFTYou judge a jliMotor car by Its cost per mile Of speedy, Powerful, Consistent . Service. q If you Choose your Battery in the Same way, you Already enjoy The splendid Use of a Diamond Grid. qii not, you Have yet to Learn how well This battery Serves its purpose r And. how well An expert Battery Department can Render quick, Efficient Service. QFor " "More miles , Per charge" Call North 5050 Or Visit STERRETT & FLEMING Champlain Street at Kalorami Road AUTOMOBILES Motorcycles and Accessories ACCESSORIES. National Electric Sepply Co, ins-i-ao a. t. Ave - ..SasssssssasssssssW ssbbbbbbbbbbsisbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb!' m