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THE WASHINGTON TBIES. WEDNESDAY; FEBRUARY 28; 1917.
13 I L t 1 PLAYING TAG WITH DEATH IN BALLOON War Correspondent Finds One Trip in Observation "Saus age" Is Enough. PARACHUTE GRIM REMINDER Icy Blasts of Arctic Gale Chill Enthusiasm German Bat teries Lie Near. BT WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS. WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IN THE FIELD. Feb. 1 (by mail). To find out what It Is like up there, dangling: for hours In a tiny basket swung: under an observation balloon, a mile above the snow-and-lce cover ed earth while a forty-mile pale cuts by, fresh from the pole, I was allowed - to make the ascent today. I do not tcare to make another. Enoughs enough. Mid-winter. Four Inches of snow. Thermometer hoverlnp down around zero. The trees crack and crack In agony- as the ground breeze sways their stiffened limbs. As you climb out of your motor car. In which you more than half froze, your nose Is red, your eyes are watering and your feet twin appendages of pain; hands, horrible hurting things; fingers about to snap off. Tour "sausage" as observation bal loons are known throughout the armies Is being- held down by the aide of the road, In the edge of a wheat field. It Is of 'the new French type, shaped like a short' link of a pig sausage, and does not need the kite tail of Its predecessors to keep it headed into the wind. Despite the forty-odd troopers holding on to Its tethering ropes now, it swings slow ly back and forth like a titanic ele phant to which a schoolboy has just fed a plug of tobacco. It looks bale ful, even murderous in a mild, con cealed sort of way, and seems to be glaring angrily at the little basket in the snow in front of it. a Thirty yards away, in the road. Is Its winch the heavy auto-truck with its motor-driven drum for letting out ana drawing in the slender wire cable controlling the height of the balloon. One needle tells the altitude, another t the exact "pull," or wind pressure against the bag at any given moment. The cable is made to stand a four ton strain, and as a fifty-mile wind exerts a pull of about a ton, the string seems pretty safe. One Dons Arctic Clothes. "Come with me, says a dapper young wing-lieutenant, "and I'll find you something to wear. Blessed cold up there." Tou follow the boylsh ' looking officer to his billet a gypsy wagon home brought up to date; a motor vehicle of the "delivery" sort. In which he lives summer and winter. Later you discover three things about this young man: First, that he is very much on to his job; second that he is earless; third, that he Is really an American, this father coming from Cincinnati. "Get Into these." he says, handing you a lot of clothes built for polar exploration. As well as your numb ness from the cold permits you stagger out of your own overcoat and boots and with the lieutenant's aid, muddle Into the new kit. First, you put on a canvas and rope harness broad band about each leg and one under the arms, a loop of stout rope sticking up past your chin. Next come the thigh boots, made of sheep skin with the wool Inside, the bottom being of rubber and leather In layers. A huge leather ulster is put on now. this too, being fur-lined and fur-collared, the sleeves having elastic at the wrists to retain the heat .of the body. Over the head goes a leather hood, fur lined like the rest. This fits the head snugly down to the eyes, drapes down over the fur collar of the ulster and leaves only eyes, nose and mouth exposed. At the ears are perforations for one must be able to hear as well as to see. Huge, fur lined gauntleted gloves complete your costume, and out of the vehicle you climb, nimble as on Infant hippota mui. The balloon looks more menacing tljan ever now. TJiey have let the beast rise a little, and it Is swaying over the basket as though In a tcr rible temper. Soldiers give the young lieutenant a leg and into the basket he goes. You follow. "Here," says the lieutenant handing you a stout stick about a foot long and about the middle of which a rope has been neatly spliced. "What's this forT" you ask, accept Ing the offering. Ilendy For Quick Jump. "Slip the stick through- the rope loop sticking out the top of your overcoat there," he replies. "That at taches you to the parachute." To the parachute, eh? you think to yourself. Which means that maybe you'll have to come down In It whether you want to or not. You look Into the Icy-blue sky and upon the Ice-bound earth and think what It must be like to fall out of the one onto the other. And the Germans, within easy range, may be watching with their artillery primed, for your sausage to stick up Its head. "Let her p!" snaps' the young lieu tenant. "Ready, men! Let her GO!" repeats the wing-sergeant. The winchman moves a lever and the world begins to fall away. At first the basket swings dizzily, but at 200 or 300 feet Jt steadies itself and rides evenly un til when far off the earth there Is a Jerk" and a bobble which sets the basket rocking halr-ralsingly for a fraction of a minute which seems some years. "Winch stopped" says the lieuten ant, who now adjusts a telephone re ceiver and transmitter to his head. Just as you have seen many a "cen tral" do, and talks. "Give her more cable," he says. "Wo are not hign enough." And up you go again. The wind, which was scarcely noticeable on the ground, has increased steadily. It is. blowing thlrty-Hve miles an hour now. A nickel-plated wheel on a cross-bar Just over your head. Is re volving so fast you ran not sec its blades. It Is on electrical wind gauge which not only tells the man In the basket how fast the winds blows, but people on the ground as well. Another bobble marks .the stoppage of the balloon and the gauge shows you to be about half a mile high. Parachute Becomes Important. "If you should have to Jump," the lieutenant explains, "all you do Is to climb up on the edge of the basket, on your side, balance yourself there, then let go In an upright position. That's all there Is to It." "Where's the parachute?" you ask. Just to show you are not jret speech less. "There are two, of course." he says. "One for you and one for me. Thev are on our respective sides of the car. Look down." You look. -You see the parachute-case, fastened to th M nf the basket. Inside Is the Japanese silk thing, your sole hold on life ir anything nappens mj m" balloon. And Th.p. ,r. the Germans, over there," remarks the lieutenant, point ing eastward, northward, ana souin- ward. "What!" you gasp.' "All around us?" "We're In a salient." he explains. Though not very high Just half a me you now begin to understand what balloon observers are up against. Overhead a sky, the color or an Ice berg. Beneath. Ice and snow. About you, an arctif gale. The artillery thunders and a few thousand yards away are the German batteries which may get you, at any moment. Or a hostile aeroplane may shoot blazing arrows Into your sausage, set It on Ore and leave you to get to the Sj-ound as best you can. You sudden ly discover a tremendous admiration for these men wno nang up in uic i GREEK KING CLOSES TWO NEWSPAPERS Press Exposed Intrigue to Hand Over Forts and Troops . to Germans. SURRENDER ORDER PRINTED Official Documents Now in Hands of Saloniki Provisional Government. v SALONIKI. Feb. 26 (via London, Feb. 28). Two of the leading dally newspapers In Athens, the Patrls and the Nea Hellas, have been suppressed by the royal government for exposing King Constantlne's pro-German In trigues. . The disclosures made by these two pro-ally newspapers relate to the voluntary surrender last May of Fort Rupel and an army corps by the Greek authorities to the Bulgar- Teuton troops. The ratrls published a series of official documents that passed be tween the war ministry, the Third Army Corps, and the Eleventh Divi sion, stationed at Saloniki, showing that the King's government had been In secret agreement with the German military authorities as to the policy to be pursued by the Greek troops when the prearranged Bulgarian In vasion began. This policy, as events have demonstrated, was voluntary surrender and captivity. Ordered Not to Iteslst. When the Patrls was stopped the Nea Hellas took up th'o task of ex posing the King's treasonable acts. One of its last Issues contalnel a re markable series of documents. -These are strictly confidential military or ders issued to the commandant of Fort Rupel. Major Mavroudls, by tils superior officers. Major Mavroudls, now a Venlzellst, has delivered these orders to the provisional government at Saloniki. which supplied them to the Nea Hellas. The first of these documents Is a long order marked strictly confiden tial, sent by' General Moahopoulos, of the Third Army Corps, to the com mander of Fort Rupel. The general directs that no resistance be offered to the invaders, that all forts be evac uated, and that "the officers in charge" of any troops that may be left behind "communicate with the German commanding officer for the needs -of their men." Following this order came two com munications from the superior authori ties, which cancelled all previous com mands not to resist "We shall resist with all force any occupation of the fort by the German-Bulgarian troops. We will send more detailed orders in CUTS PRJCES FOR NEEDY Pennsylvania. Farmer Refuses $2.50 Rate on Potatoes. CHAMBERSBURQ, Pa., F,eb. 28. Abram Light, arfarmer In Guilford township, this county, has nearly 100 bushels of potatoes that he-does not need for his own use. A dealer yes terday offered bim 2.S0 a. bushel for them. "No." replied Mr. Light, "you can not buy. I had good crops this year, and now I am igolng to help those who have not ben so fortunate as I have been. I will sell them to my neighbors for 2 a bushel, but no more than a bushel to any one. I have more than 300 bushels of wheat and a considerable quantity of corn. I will not sell more' than 100 bushels of wheat at a time, and then only to a local miller, so that tny neighbors may be able to procure food for their ramuies. To those In need of corn I will sell in small quantities, but will not wholesale It." 'HOME SWEET HOME ORIGINALNETS$360 Highest Price at McGuire Sale of Historical Notes and Documents. $5,433 FOR COLLECTION OPTIMISM REIGNS AT DISTRICT COURT Attaches of Supreme Branch Overcome by Unheralded At titude of Philosophy. the near future, read one of tbe icy sky and telephone down to earth j communications. , Surrender Planned In Aavanee. what they see; men, who, unlike the more romantic aviator, not onen break Into print. (The second number of the series d scrlbinjc a war correspondent's experience In a uuiuse observation balloon on lb Brit ish front will appear tomorrow.) UKULELE LAST STRAW When Daughter's Suitor Got One, Father Left Home. NEW YORK, Feb. 28f Mrs. Emily Stewart and her husband, Charles, of 500 East Sixty-eighth street, who have been married twenty years, were In the domestic relations court yesterday. Mrs. Stewart said her husband had not lived with her nor supported her since January 30. "Last November a young man be gan calling on my eldest daughter, who is eighteen years old," said Stew art to Magistrate Harris. "He came every night In the week, and they played the piano and sang in the parlor until -midnight. My room Is next to" the parlor, and I couldn't sleep a wink until he had gone. The gas bills were something awful. I stood It until the end of January. Then he bought a ukulele. I'll go to the Island, If you say so, but I'll be darned if I'll go back until they're married." He promised cheerfully to pay his wife J5 a week. "These communications would have put one In doubt as to the real motives of 'the war ministry." says the Nea Hellas, "had not already negotiations been started between the German-Bulgarian general staff and their ambas sadors on one side and the Greek gen eral staff and the King's government on the other side. These negotiations, as it appears from the archives of the foreign office, resulted in complete agreement for the surrender of Rupel four full days ahead of the German Bulgarian Invasion." The paper goes on to say that the order not to resist Invasion was Issued on account of some ulterior reason. For when the Bulgarians appeared before Rupel. the war ministry wired to the commandant of the fort as follows: "After the ministry's confidential order HU. do not resist. Order 763 is put In force again." This meant that the plan originally elaborated by the Greek military au thorities In agreement with the Teu tonic Intentions were reinstated. The fort was to be surrendered to the In vaders with the full knowledge of Con stantlne's government. "Nobody can dispute the authenticity of these orders," concluded the Nea Hel las, with defiance. To which King Con stantlne answered with an order sup piesslng the publication of the journal. FINANCIAL FINANCIAL FINANCIAL rl N. L Carpenter & Co. Main Of flee, 17 Wllllwn Street. N. T. IlliMBEnS. New Tor Stock New Tor Colin Exebans. Exchange. Xew Tork Cottea Chicago Board ot Xxebans. Trade. New Orleans Cottfra New Tork Produca Kxcbansa. Exrbanra. Private Wire With AU Principal Cltt-. HERBERT H. BROWN. MANAGER. Woodward Bulldlojc. 18th and II St. .V. V. The Safest Investments Art UiW that do not fluctuai during dis turbed conditions of the money or Lock mar Lets. First deed of truvt cote (Arvt ruort cages), well secured ou real ea.ts.te In th ftttrlct of Columbia, constitute 'silt edge ' Investments, and they do not depend upon the financial responsibility of lidJMuals or cor pcratlot) for their vtabllUy We cn mpH urb lrvtvtirenu In wnflunU from M) up ward Fend for booklet. and Tnet!Pm. "Concert'ine an i SWARTZELL, RHEEM & HENSEY CO., 1ZT litA SUMt N. W. Our Facilities (or Trading in STOCKS AND BONDS In all markets are unexcelled Itrge and small lots, for cash or on margin on most favorable terms. Avail your self of our exceptional service. John L. Edwards & Co. M iuu.it New lork stock Jvcnans . 1 washlnctoB Stock Exebans. I 1 JIK ri c Pkonraillala I 1410 JT 31. 320-3321. RAY PORTLAND MINING COMPANY Rarely is an opportunity presented to the investing public to secure an allotment of a, block of stock in a company of such promising potentialities as the RAY PORTLAND MINING COMPANY before the stock is traded in on the New York Curb. The company's hold ings, are situated two miles from the town of Ray, Ari zona, in the very heart of one of the world's most pro ductive copper districts in proximity with the well-known properties of RAY HERCULES (the stock of which is selling on the New York Curb around $4.25 per share, and Ray consolidated, whose stock is listed in the New York exchange and is selling around $27 per share). THE RAY PORTLAND MINING COMPANY'S hold ings are not prospects, they are prbved. Assay and mill ing results of about 1,200 tons, showing an average value of approximately $15 per ton. The company reports that three claims lying end to end are cut throughout their combined length by an enormous dike of ore which is approximately feet in thickness. Under special arrangements we are offering a limited amount of the stock of the RAY PORTLAND MINING COMPANY, when as and if issued at 50 cents per share (par value, $1.00) before it is traded in on the curb, which we expect will be within the next few weeks. We strongly recommend that you send your orders without delay, as our offerings before the stock is traded in on the New York Curb are limited. W. W. EASTERDAY & CO., INC. STOCK BROKERS MAIN OFFICE, 42 BROADWAY, NEW YORK. Washington Branch: 1418 H St N. W., Woodward Bldg. Phone Main 8369 Direct Wires and Phones to Branch Offices. Philadelphia, Balti more, WashingtQn, Atlantic City, Trenton. Philosophy is in full bloom these days In the new home of the District Supreme Court. Whether the perm is transplanted from the trreat domed structure nf the Capitol, several hundrad-yards away, or Is the overflow from that foun tain of optimism and Desslmlam Is a question. Nevertheless there Is a favorite circle housed In th less pretentious ouuiinc wnicn has developed the pnuosophlcal attitude" to that stand. ard which sees jrood In evcrvthlnir. even in flimsy partitions between the rooms In which they toll dallr. And to him who utters imprecations on the walls of his house or apart ment, which are thin enough to per mit me noise or the frying of the neighboring steak, the cryinir of a cross baby or (lest we forget) the aiiegea music or a phonograph to be distinctly transmitted to his ears. this tale from the local headwaters of. justice may prove of consolation. Now the partitions in the new court building are not much thicker than tissue paper. The building Is only a temporary home for the courts and the partitions are the most temporary part of the entire structure. Complaints there were galore when the court atUches first began work ingfln their new quarters. Hear All Xolmt. Tou can hear everything that Is going on in the rooms on every side of you. was the general grumble. Audi sure enough you could and still can. But grumbling has ceased complete ly. And the story goes that the halt was called to the complaints by some germ of philosophy coming ftom whence or where no one knows. Sus picion points to the Capitol. And to day every one sees nothing but good In the thin walls. "There Is no one here who even thinks wrong about his neighbors," explained one of the court's philosoph ers today, "That's what the much ma ligned walls have done." Other Americana Offered Same Time Realizes Total of $2,789. at plenty of weakened Americanism, and what we need now Is red-blooded men." Congressman Philip P. Campbell of Kansas predicted the District would be "dry" by tomorrow night. He first lauded Kansas, as being a State which nroduced reformers, and stated that twenty-seven States have follow ed the action of Kansas in "going dry," and that by tomorrow night the District would follow suit. "I hope that the time will not come when we will be engaged in war." said Congressman Campbell, "butlf the time ever comes, men and women of Mis souri and Kansas will do their share." Congressman J. T. Lloyd, whose term In Congress expires March 4. was presented a gold watch and chain by members of the society for his service of twenty-years In Congress as a rep resentative of Missouri. NEW YORK. Feb. 28. The Interest ing historical letters and documents collected by the -late Frederick B. McGuire, including President Madi son's correspondence, were sold Mon day night at the American 'Art Asso ciation, and cocjd prices were paid. The leading figure was $360, given by James F. Drake for a. signed holo graph manuscript of John Howard Payne's "Home, Sweet Home." George Washington's letter to Madlso'n, Inviting him to lit. Vernon, sold to W. M. Hill for S350. C. F Hartman gave $150 for a letter by the Marquis de Marbols, and J. C. Mc Guire paid 1125 for a cane presented by Commodore Elliot to Madison. A. Swann, agent, paid $230 for an early draft of George Washington's Thanksgiving Day proclamation; $110 for a letter by Shelby, first governor of Kentucky: $180 for a. letter of Thomas Palne's; $103 for a draft or one of Madison's proclamations; $253 for Miss Sally Mckean's 'correspond ence with Mrs. Madison; $355 for a John Paul clones letter: $305 for a Thomas Jefferson letter: $105 for an Erie Canal document; $105 for a" let ter from President Adams, and $105 for Adams' letter In regard to the War of 1812. The total for the McGuire collec tion was $5,433. In the group of Americana aold at the same time G. D. Smith bought for $347.50 Sabln's "Dictionary of Ameri cana," Charles Scflbner's Sons gave $160 for "The Proprietary Lands of New Jersey." 1747; T. J. Holmes paid $135 for Cotton Mather's "Seasonable Religion:" A. Swann, agent, gave $105 for the Alexander Hamilton broad side, and $187.50 for the Rhode Island broadside declaring fhe "Cessation of Arms,? C. F. Hartman bought "The Stamp Act" broadside, printed In New. 1U(H IIW. The total for the Americana was $2,789. . BANDITS MAKE HIM BUY St. Loultan "Set 'Em Up" at Point of Revolver. ST. LOOTS, Feb. 28. Bandits who make their victims buy drinks have entered hold-up circles here. Edward Graham went to a vaudeville show In a downtown theater. During the intermission Edward stepped across the street to ir saloon. When he went behind a p'artition men drew revolvers, ordered him to sit down at a table, and mad him buy drinks for them. He waa so ter rified he "bought" for an hour. Cold Gone! Head and Nose Clear First dose of "Pape's Cold Compound" relieves all grippe misery. Don't stay stuff ed-upl Quit blowing and snuffling I a dot of "Pape's Cold Compound" taken every two hours until three doses are takes will end grippe misery and break uj a severe- cold either la the head, chest, body or limbs. It promptly opens elorred-up nostrils and air passages : stops nasty discharge or oosa running; relieves alck headache, dullness, feverlshness. sore throat, sneez ing, soreness and stiffness. "Pape's Cold Compound" U tbe quick est, surest rtllef known and costs only K cents at drug stores. It acta without assistance, tastes nice, and causes bo Inconvenience. Don't accept a substitute. Advt, FINANCIAL MAKES PATRIOTIC PLEA Champ Clark-Calls for Support of Country' Traditions., "Now Is the time for red-blooded men to uphold the traditions upon which o'jr country Is built," Speaker Champ Clark told members of the Missouri Society at Its banquet In Rauschers last night. "Americanism, forewnd aft. and all around Is what we need now," con tinued the speaker, "we already have .1 FINANCIAL FINANCIAL ssssssssssssssssssssssssWssssssssssssssr .FINANCIAL, FORGING AHEAD The well-to-do class of the future will not be made up of those who plan to SPEND their money. Those who are FORG ING AHEAD are of the other persuasion and SAVE money continually. The moment you BEGIN to save you become a larger man; you take broader views of" life and hav"e more faith in yourself and in your future. Open "an account for your savings with this Bank now. Your progress will surprise you. 3 on Time Deposits: 2fo on Checking Accounts. The Washington Loan and Trust Co. President OFFICERS JOHN B. LARNER ANDREW PARKER Vice President and Trust Officer HARRY G. MEEM Vice President and Treasurer THOMAS BRADLET Vice President and Real Estate Officer BOYD TAYLOR Assistant Treasurer BBSBBBBBBBBBBSBBXSBBsf& i fslssMH8MH(HH2 ' ' rssfflytrM tit MO-803 F Street N. W. Capital and Staphs fl $2,100,000.00 - 1 i ii rrvr $25,000,000 SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY TWO-YEAR 57o SECURED GOLD NOTES Dated March 2, 1917 Due March 2, 1919 Interest Payable March 2nd and September 2nd at the office or the Agency of the Company in the City of New York Redeemable, in whole or in part, at the option of the Company, at 101 and interest, upon, sixty days' published notice Coupon'Notes in denominations of $1,000, $5,000 and $10,0n0, registerable as to principal only GUARANTYTRUcTr COMPANY OF NEW YORK. TRUSTEE , Total authorized issue $25,000,000 We quote as follows from a letter addressed to us by Fairfax Harrison, Esq., President of the Southern Railway Company, copies of which may be obtained upon application. This issue or notes is to be sured by deposit with Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as Trustee, of $43,500,000 par value, Southern Railway Company Development & General Mortgage 4 Bonds. The proceeds of this issue of notes are to be used in part to pay $21,000,000 maturing indebtedness and the balance is to be used, in anticipation of the sale of long term bonds, to pay for improvements designed to increase revenue and reduce operating costs. We are advised by Southern Railway Company that the average earnings for the last five fiscal years, the earnings for the 1916 fiscal year, and the earnings for the first six months of the current fiscal year (partly estimated) , as contrasted with the same period in the preceding year, have been as follows : Average for Five Fiscal Year Six Months Increase Fiscal Years Ended Ended Ended over 1915 June 30. 1916 June 30. 191G Dec. 31. 1916 Total Operating Revenues $67,443,488 $69,997,675 $39,933,769 $5,556,976 Operating Expenses and Taxes 60,228,038 48,993,678 27,278,991 3,161,588 Total Operating Income." 17,215,450 21,004,005 12,654,778 2,395,388 Non-Operating Income 3,374,952 3,422,026 1,044,481 71,669 Total Gross Income 20,590.402 24,426,031 13,699,259 2,323,819 Rentals and Miscellaneous Charges.... 3,781,420 4,111,288 1,914,794 69166 Interest Charges 10,869,735 10,980,844 5,547,649 64,356 Balance over Fixed Charges 5.939,247 9,333,899 6,236,816 2,190,297 'Decrease . WE OFFER THE ABOVE NOTES FOR SUBSCRIPTION AT 99 AND INTEREST, YIELDING SLIGHTLY OVER S. Subscription books will be opened at the office of J. P. Morgan & Co., at 10 o'clock A. M., Tuesday, February 27, and will be closed at 10 o'clock A. M., Monday; March 5th, or earlier in their discretion. The amount due on notes allotcd upon subscriptions will be payable in Neio York funds at the office of J. P. Morgan & Co., and the date of payment will be given in the notices of allotment. The right is reserved to reject any and atifrpplications, and also, in any event, to award a smaller amount than applied for. '' Temporary notes will be delivered pending the engraving of the definitive notes. , FIRST NATIONAL BANK ' New York City Dated February 27, 1917. J. P. MORGAN & CO. NATIONAL CITY BANK New York City