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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 28, 1917, COMPLETE AFTERNOON EDITION, Image 13

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War Correspondent Finds One
Trip in Observation "Saus
age" Is Enough.
Icy Blasts of Arctic Gale Chill
Enthusiasm German Bat
teries Lie Near.
THE FIELD. Feb. 1 (by mail). To
find out what It Is like up there,
dangling: for hours In a tiny basket
swung: under an observation balloon,
a mile above the snow-and-lce cover
ed earth while a forty-mile pale cuts
by, fresh from the pole, I was allowed
- to make the ascent today. I do not
tcare to make another. Enoughs
Mid-winter. Four Inches of snow.
Thermometer hoverlnp down around
zero. The trees crack and crack In
agony- as the ground breeze sways
their stiffened limbs. As you climb
out of your motor car. In which you
more than half froze, your nose Is
red, your eyes are watering and your
feet twin appendages of pain; hands,
horrible hurting things; fingers
about to snap off.
Tour "sausage" as observation bal
loons are known throughout the
armies Is being- held down by the
aide of the road, In the edge of a
wheat field. It Is of 'the new French
type, shaped like a short' link of a
pig sausage, and does not need the
kite tail of Its predecessors to keep
it headed into the wind. Despite the
forty-odd troopers holding on to Its
tethering ropes now, it swings slow
ly back and forth like a titanic ele
phant to which a schoolboy has just
fed a plug of tobacco. It looks bale
ful, even murderous in a mild, con
cealed sort of way, and seems to be
glaring angrily at the little basket in
the snow in front of it.
a Thirty yards away, in the road. Is
Its winch the heavy auto-truck with
its motor-driven drum for letting out
ana drawing in the slender wire cable
controlling the height of the balloon.
One needle tells the altitude, another
t the exact "pull," or wind pressure
against the bag at any given moment.
The cable is made to stand a four
ton strain, and as a fifty-mile wind
exerts a pull of about a ton, the
string seems pretty safe.
One Dons Arctic Clothes.
"Come with me, says a dapper
young wing-lieutenant, "and I'll find
you something to wear. Blessed cold
up there." Tou follow the boylsh
' looking officer to his billet a gypsy
wagon home brought up to date; a
motor vehicle of the "delivery" sort.
In which he lives summer and winter.
Later you discover three things about
this young man: First, that he is very
much on to his job; second that he
is earless; third, that he Is really an
American, this father coming from
"Get Into these." he says, handing
you a lot of clothes built for polar
exploration. As well as your numb
ness from the cold permits you
stagger out of your own overcoat and
boots and with the lieutenant's aid,
muddle Into the new kit. First, you
put on a canvas and rope harness
broad band about each leg and one
under the arms, a loop of stout rope
sticking up past your chin. Next
come the thigh boots, made of sheep
skin with the wool Inside, the bottom
being of rubber and leather In layers.
A huge leather ulster is put on now.
this too, being fur-lined and fur-collared,
the sleeves having elastic at
the wrists to retain the heat .of the
body. Over the head goes a leather
hood, fur lined like the rest. This
fits the head snugly down to the eyes,
drapes down over the fur collar of
the ulster and leaves only eyes, nose
and mouth exposed. At the ears are
perforations for one must be able to
hear as well as to see. Huge, fur
lined gauntleted gloves complete your
costume, and out of the vehicle you
climb, nimble as on Infant hippota
mui. The balloon looks more menacing
tljan ever now. TJiey have let the
beast rise a little, and it Is swaying
over the basket as though In a tcr
rible temper. Soldiers give the young
lieutenant a leg and into the basket
he goes. You follow.
"Here," says the lieutenant handing
you a stout stick about a foot long
and about the middle of which a rope
has been neatly spliced.
"What's this forT" you ask, accept
Ing the offering.
Ilendy For Quick Jump.
"Slip the stick through- the rope
loop sticking out the top of your
overcoat there," he replies. "That at
taches you to the parachute." To the
parachute, eh? you think to yourself.
Which means that maybe you'll have
to come down In It whether you want
to or not. You look Into the Icy-blue
sky and upon the Ice-bound earth and
think what It must be like to fall out
of the one onto the other. And the
Germans, within easy range, may be
watching with their artillery primed,
for your sausage to stick up Its head.
"Let her p!" snaps' the young lieu
tenant. "Ready, men! Let her GO!" repeats
the wing-sergeant. The winchman
moves a lever and the world begins
to fall away. At first the basket
swings dizzily, but at 200 or 300 feet
Jt steadies itself and rides evenly un
til when far off the earth there Is a
Jerk" and a bobble which sets the
basket rocking halr-ralsingly for a
fraction of a minute which seems
some years.
"Winch stopped" says the lieuten
ant, who now adjusts a telephone re
ceiver and transmitter to his head.
Just as you have seen many a "cen
tral" do, and talks. "Give her more
cable," he says. "Wo are not hign
And up you go again. The wind,
which was scarcely noticeable on the
ground, has increased steadily. It is.
blowing thlrty-Hve miles an hour
now. A nickel-plated wheel on a
cross-bar Just over your head. Is re
volving so fast you ran not sec its
blades. It Is on electrical wind gauge
which not only tells the man In the
basket how fast the winds blows,
but people on the ground as well.
Another bobble marks .the stoppage
of the balloon and the gauge shows
you to be about half a mile high.
Parachute Becomes Important.
"If you should have to Jump," the
lieutenant explains, "all you do Is to
climb up on the edge of the basket,
on your side, balance yourself there,
then let go In an upright position.
That's all there Is to It."
"Where's the parachute?" you ask.
Just to show you are not jret speech
"There are two, of course." he says.
"One for you and one for me. Thev
are on our respective sides of the
car. Look down." You look. -You
see the parachute-case, fastened to
th M nf the basket. Inside Is the
Japanese silk thing, your sole hold
on life ir anything nappens mj m"
balloon. And
Th.p. ,r. the Germans, over
there," remarks the lieutenant, point
ing eastward, northward, ana souin-
"What!" you gasp.' "All around
"We're In a salient." he explains.
Though not very high Just half a
me you now begin to understand
what balloon observers are up against.
Overhead a sky, the color or an Ice
berg. Beneath. Ice and snow. About
you, an arctif gale. The artillery
thunders and a few thousand yards
away are the German batteries which
may get you, at any moment. Or a
hostile aeroplane may shoot blazing
arrows Into your sausage, set It on
Ore and leave you to get to the
Sj-ound as best you can. You sudden
ly discover a tremendous admiration
for these men wno nang up in uic
Press Exposed Intrigue to Hand
Over Forts and Troops
. to Germans.
Official Documents Now in
Hands of Saloniki Provisional
SALONIKI. Feb. 26 (via London,
Feb. 28). Two of the leading dally
newspapers In Athens, the Patrls and
the Nea Hellas, have been suppressed
by the royal government for exposing
King Constantlne's pro-German In
trigues. . The disclosures made by
these two pro-ally newspapers relate
to the voluntary surrender last May
of Fort Rupel and an army corps by
the Greek authorities to the Bulgar-
Teuton troops.
The ratrls published a series of
official documents that passed be
tween the war ministry, the Third
Army Corps, and the Eleventh Divi
sion, stationed at Saloniki, showing
that the King's government had been
In secret agreement with the German
military authorities as to the policy
to be pursued by the Greek troops
when the prearranged Bulgarian In
vasion began. This policy, as events
have demonstrated, was voluntary
surrender and captivity.
Ordered Not to Iteslst.
When the Patrls was stopped the
Nea Hellas took up th'o task of ex
posing the King's treasonable acts.
One of its last Issues contalnel a re
markable series of documents. -These
are strictly confidential military or
ders issued to the commandant of
Fort Rupel. Major Mavroudls, by tils
superior officers. Major Mavroudls,
now a Venlzellst, has delivered these
orders to the provisional government
at Saloniki. which supplied them to
the Nea Hellas.
The first of these documents Is a
long order marked strictly confiden
tial, sent by' General Moahopoulos, of
the Third Army Corps, to the com
mander of Fort Rupel. The general
directs that no resistance be offered
to the invaders, that all forts be evac
uated, and that "the officers in
charge" of any troops that may be
left behind "communicate with the
German commanding officer for the
needs -of their men."
Following this order came two com
munications from the superior authori
ties, which cancelled all previous com
mands not to resist "We shall resist
with all force any occupation of the
fort by the German-Bulgarian troops.
We will send more detailed orders in
Pennsylvania. Farmer Refuses $2.50
Rate on Potatoes.
CHAMBERSBURQ, Pa., F,eb. 28.
Abram Light, arfarmer In Guilford
township, this county, has nearly 100
bushels of potatoes that he-does not
need for his own use. A dealer yes
terday offered bim 2.S0 a. bushel for
"No." replied Mr. Light, "you can
not buy. I had good crops this year,
and now I am igolng to help those
who have not ben so fortunate as I
have been. I will sell them to my
neighbors for 2 a bushel, but no
more than a bushel to any one. I
have more than 300 bushels of wheat
and a considerable quantity of corn.
I will not sell more' than 100 bushels
of wheat at a time, and then only to a
local miller, so that tny neighbors
may be able to procure food for their
ramuies. To those In need of corn I
will sell in small quantities, but will
not wholesale It."
Highest Price at McGuire Sale
of Historical Notes and
Attaches of Supreme Branch
Overcome by Unheralded At
titude of Philosophy.
the near future, read one of tbe
icy sky and telephone down to earth j communications. ,
Surrender Planned In Aavanee.
what they see; men, who, unlike the
more romantic aviator, not onen
break Into print.
(The second number of the series d
scrlbinjc a war correspondent's experience In
a uuiuse observation balloon on lb Brit
ish front will appear tomorrow.)
When Daughter's Suitor Got One,
Father Left Home.
NEW YORK, Feb. 28f Mrs. Emily
Stewart and her husband, Charles, of
500 East Sixty-eighth street, who
have been married twenty years,
were In the domestic relations
court yesterday. Mrs. Stewart said
her husband had not lived with her
nor supported her since January 30.
"Last November a young man be
gan calling on my eldest daughter,
who is eighteen years old," said Stew
art to Magistrate Harris. "He came
every night In the week, and they
played the piano and sang in the
parlor until -midnight. My room Is
next to" the parlor, and I couldn't
sleep a wink until he had gone. The
gas bills were something awful. I
stood It until the end of January.
Then he bought a ukulele. I'll go
to the Island, If you say so, but I'll
be darned if I'll go back until they're
He promised cheerfully to pay his
wife J5 a week.
"These communications would have
put one In doubt as to the real motives
of 'the war ministry." says the Nea
Hellas, "had not already negotiations
been started between the German-Bulgarian
general staff and their ambas
sadors on one side and the Greek gen
eral staff and the King's government
on the other side. These negotiations,
as it appears from the archives of the
foreign office, resulted in complete
agreement for the surrender of Rupel
four full days ahead of the German
Bulgarian Invasion."
The paper goes on to say that the
order not to resist Invasion was Issued
on account of some ulterior reason. For
when the Bulgarians appeared before
Rupel. the war ministry wired to the
commandant of the fort as follows:
"After the ministry's confidential order
HU. do not resist. Order 763 is put In
force again."
This meant that the plan originally
elaborated by the Greek military au
thorities In agreement with the Teu
tonic Intentions were reinstated. The
fort was to be surrendered to the In
vaders with the full knowledge of Con
stantlne's government.
"Nobody can dispute the authenticity
of these orders," concluded the Nea Hel
las, with defiance. To which King Con
stantlne answered with an order sup
piesslng the publication of the journal.
N. L Carpenter & Co.
Main Of flee, 17 Wllllwn
Street. N. T.
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PORTLAND MINING COMPANY before the stock is
traded in on the New York Curb. The company's hold
ings, are situated two miles from the town of Ray, Ari
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ductive copper districts in proximity with the well-known
properties of RAY HERCULES (the stock of which is
selling on the New York Curb around $4.25 per share,
and Ray consolidated, whose stock is listed in the New
York exchange and is selling around $27 per share).
ings are not prospects, they are prbved. Assay and mill
ing results of about 1,200 tons, showing an average value
of approximately $15 per ton. The company reports
that three claims lying end to end are cut throughout
their combined length by an enormous dike of ore which
is approximately feet in thickness.
Under special arrangements we are offering a limited
amount of the stock of the RAY PORTLAND MINING
COMPANY, when as and if issued at 50 cents per share
(par value, $1.00) before it is traded in on the curb,
which we expect will be within the next few weeks. We
strongly recommend that you send your orders without
delay, as our offerings before the stock is traded in on the
New York Curb are limited.
Washington Branch: 1418 H St N. W.,
Woodward Bldg. Phone Main 8369
Direct Wires and Phones to Branch Offices. Philadelphia, Balti
more, WashingtQn, Atlantic City, Trenton.
Philosophy is in full bloom these
days In the new home of the District
Supreme Court.
Whether the perm is transplanted
from the trreat domed structure nf the
Capitol, several hundrad-yards away,
or Is the overflow from that foun
tain of optimism and Desslmlam Is a
Nevertheless there Is a favorite
circle housed In th less pretentious
ouuiinc wnicn has developed the
pnuosophlcal attitude" to that stand.
ard which sees jrood In evcrvthlnir.
even in flimsy partitions between the
rooms In which they toll dallr.
And to him who utters imprecations
on the walls of his house or apart
ment, which are thin enough to per
mit me noise or the frying of the
neighboring steak, the cryinir of a
cross baby or (lest we forget) the
aiiegea music or a phonograph to be
distinctly transmitted to his ears.
this tale from the local headwaters of.
justice may prove of consolation.
Now the partitions in the new court
building are not much thicker than
tissue paper. The building Is only
a temporary home for the courts and
the partitions are the most temporary
part of the entire structure.
Complaints there were galore when
the court atUches first began work
ingfln their new quarters.
Hear All Xolmt.
Tou can hear everything that Is
going on in the rooms on every side
of you. was the general grumble. Audi
sure enough you could and still can.
But grumbling has ceased complete
ly. And the story goes that the halt
was called to the complaints by some
germ of philosophy coming ftom
whence or where no one knows. Sus
picion points to the Capitol. And to
day every one sees nothing but good
In the thin walls.
"There Is no one here who even
thinks wrong about his neighbors,"
explained one of the court's philosoph
ers today, "That's what the much ma
ligned walls have done."
Other Americana Offered
Same Time Realizes
Total of $2,789.
plenty of weakened Americanism, and
what we need now Is red-blooded
Congressman Philip P. Campbell of
Kansas predicted the District would
be "dry" by tomorrow night. He first
lauded Kansas, as being a State
which nroduced reformers, and stated
that twenty-seven States have follow
ed the action of Kansas in "going
dry," and that by tomorrow night the
District would follow suit.
"I hope that the time will not come
when we will be engaged in war." said
Congressman Campbell, "butlf the time
ever comes, men and women of Mis
souri and Kansas will do their share."
Congressman J. T. Lloyd, whose
term In Congress expires March 4. was
presented a gold watch and chain by
members of the society for his service
of twenty-years In Congress as a rep
resentative of Missouri.
NEW YORK. Feb. 28. The Interest
ing historical letters and documents
collected by the -late Frederick B.
McGuire, including President Madi
son's correspondence, were sold Mon
day night at the American 'Art Asso
ciation, and cocjd prices were paid.
The leading figure was $360, given by
James F. Drake for a. signed holo
graph manuscript of John Howard
Payne's "Home, Sweet Home."
George Washington's letter to
Madlso'n, Inviting him to lit. Vernon,
sold to W. M. Hill for S350. C. F
Hartman gave $150 for a letter by
the Marquis de Marbols, and J. C. Mc
Guire paid 1125 for a cane presented
by Commodore Elliot to Madison.
A. Swann, agent, paid $230 for an
early draft of George Washington's
Thanksgiving Day proclamation; $110
for a letter by Shelby, first governor
of Kentucky: $180 for a. letter of
Thomas Palne's; $103 for a draft or
one of Madison's proclamations; $253
for Miss Sally Mckean's 'correspond
ence with Mrs. Madison; $355 for a
John Paul clones letter: $305 for a
Thomas Jefferson letter: $105 for an
Erie Canal document; $105 for a" let
ter from President Adams, and $105
for Adams' letter In regard to the
War of 1812.
The total for the McGuire collec
tion was $5,433.
In the group of Americana aold at
the same time G. D. Smith bought for
$347.50 Sabln's "Dictionary of Ameri
cana," Charles Scflbner's Sons gave
$160 for "The Proprietary Lands of
New Jersey." 1747; T. J. Holmes paid
$135 for Cotton Mather's "Seasonable
Religion:" A. Swann, agent, gave $105
for the Alexander Hamilton broad
side, and $187.50 for the Rhode Island
broadside declaring fhe "Cessation of
Arms,? C. F. Hartman bought "The
Stamp Act" broadside, printed In New.
The total for the Americana was
St. Loultan "Set 'Em Up" at Point
of Revolver.
ST. LOOTS, Feb. 28. Bandits who
make their victims buy drinks have
entered hold-up circles here. Edward
Graham went to a vaudeville show In
a downtown theater.
During the intermission Edward
stepped across the street to ir saloon.
When he went behind a p'artition
men drew revolvers, ordered him to
sit down at a table, and mad him
buy drinks for them. He waa so ter
rified he "bought" for an hour.
Cold Gone! Head
and Nose Clear
First dose of "Pape's Cold
Compound" relieves all
grippe misery.
Don't stay stuff ed-upl
Quit blowing and snuffling I a dot
of "Pape's Cold Compound" taken every
two hours until three doses are takes
will end grippe misery and break uj
a severe- cold either la the head, chest,
body or limbs.
It promptly opens elorred-up nostrils
and air passages : stops nasty discharge
or oosa running; relieves alck headache,
dullness, feverlshness. sore throat, sneez
ing, soreness and stiffness.
"Pape's Cold Compound" U tbe quick
est, surest rtllef known and costs only
K cents at drug stores. It acta without
assistance, tastes nice, and causes bo
Inconvenience. Don't accept a substitute.
Champ Clark-Calls for Support of
Country' Traditions.,
"Now Is the time for red-blooded
men to uphold the traditions upon
which o'jr country Is built," Speaker
Champ Clark told members of the
Missouri Society at Its banquet In
Rauschers last night.
"Americanism, forewnd aft. and all
around Is what we need now," con
tinued the speaker, "we already have
The well-to-do class of the
future will not be made up of
those who plan to SPEND their
money. Those who are FORG
ING AHEAD are of the other
persuasion and SAVE money
The moment you BEGIN to
save you become a larger man;
you take broader views of" life
and hav"e more faith in yourself
and in your future.
Open "an account for your
savings with this Bank now.
Your progress will surprise you.
3 on Time Deposits:
2fo on Checking Accounts.
The Washington
Loan and Trust Co.
Vice President and Trust Officer
Vice President and Treasurer
Vice President and Real Estate Officer
BOYD TAYLOR Assistant Treasurer
i fslssMH8MH(HH2 '
' rssfflytrM tit
MO-803 F Street N. W.
Capital and Staphs fl
$2,100,000.00 - 1
i ii rrvr
Dated March 2, 1917
Due March 2, 1919
Interest Payable March 2nd and September 2nd at the office
or the Agency of the Company in the City of New York
Redeemable, in whole or in part, at the option of the Company, at 101 and interest, upon, sixty
days' published notice
Coupon'Notes in denominations of $1,000, $5,000 and $10,0n0, registerable as to principal only
Total authorized issue $25,000,000
We quote as follows from a letter addressed to us by Fairfax Harrison, Esq., President of the
Southern Railway Company, copies of which may be obtained upon application.
This issue or notes is to be sured by deposit with Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as Trustee, of $43,500,000
par value, Southern Railway Company Development & General Mortgage 4 Bonds.
The proceeds of this issue of notes are to be used in part to pay $21,000,000 maturing indebtedness and the balance is
to be used, in anticipation of the sale of long term bonds, to pay for improvements designed to increase revenue and
reduce operating costs.
We are advised by Southern Railway Company that the average earnings for the last five fiscal
years, the earnings for the 1916 fiscal year, and the earnings for the first six months of the current
fiscal year (partly estimated) , as contrasted with the same period in the preceding year, have been
as follows :
Average for Five Fiscal Year Six Months Increase
Fiscal Years Ended Ended Ended over 1915
June 30. 1916 June 30. 191G Dec. 31. 1916
Total Operating Revenues $67,443,488 $69,997,675 $39,933,769 $5,556,976
Operating Expenses and Taxes 60,228,038 48,993,678 27,278,991 3,161,588
Total Operating Income." 17,215,450 21,004,005 12,654,778 2,395,388
Non-Operating Income 3,374,952 3,422,026 1,044,481 71,669
Total Gross Income 20,590.402 24,426,031 13,699,259 2,323,819
Rentals and Miscellaneous Charges.... 3,781,420 4,111,288 1,914,794 69166
Interest Charges 10,869,735 10,980,844 5,547,649 64,356
Balance over Fixed Charges 5.939,247 9,333,899 6,236,816 2,190,297
'Decrease .
Subscription books will be opened at the office of J. P. Morgan & Co., at 10 o'clock A. M., Tuesday,
February 27, and will be closed at 10 o'clock A. M., Monday; March 5th, or earlier in their discretion.
The amount due on notes allotcd upon subscriptions will be payable in Neio York funds at the office of
J. P. Morgan & Co., and the date of payment will be given in the notices of allotment.
The right is reserved to reject any and atifrpplications, and also, in any event, to award a smaller amount
than applied for. ''
Temporary notes will be delivered pending the engraving of the definitive notes.
' New York City
Dated February 27, 1917.
New York City

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