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THE WASHINGTON TIMES;' THURSDAY; MARCH IT 1917.
U l. FORESEES REM' OF BOOTLEGGERS HERE Romance of Getting a Drink Will Invite City's Youth, Says Gallivan. 'SALOONS NO TEMPTATION" 3ut Search for Moonshine Will Be an Adventure Worthy of Robin Hood. The National Capital as a town of "bootlegsers and moonshiners mys terious characters invitins the roman tic youth to make their acquaint jnce," was pictured in the House !ast night by Congressman James A. Salllvan, Democrat, of Massachusetts In the only speech on the Sheppard jrohibltion bill. Yielded only seven minutes, Mr. Gallivan, Knowing the House soon would vote the District dry," spoke with phllo'ophlcal hu mor, satire, and ' eloducnt earnestness. According to Mr. Gallivan, the new leaders of the Democratic party are Congressman Randall, California, pro hibitionist, and the Rev. Ji. U. Din- niddie, of the Anti-Saloon League. Ur. Gallivan said he could not follow the party under such leadership, -rtomnnce of Getting Drink." Addressing himself to the "ro mance of getting a drink" after Washington goes dry, Mr. Gallivan laid that not twenty -men who were to 'vote for the prohibition bill Re lieve In prohibition. Interrupted by laughter from both "wets" and "drys," and applaudetd frequently by the opponents of the bill. Mr, Gallivan. said In part: The most thriling tales of adven ture today are to be found in the of Scial reports of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, where are recorded She hairbreadth escapes of revenue I gents from moonshiners in Jhe djy States of the Southland. There you i ill learn how these men risked their lives and buried their dead comrades In- the mountains of prohibition Seorgla, in Kentucky, in Tennessee, nd In the Everglades of Florida, be cause their business is to forco obnox ious laws upon communities that do not believe in It and have the courage to protect themselves from its en forcement. A Romantic Adventure. "Moonshine can be -made in a tea kettle. In a closet, cellar, or soap box, es. in a prohibition Congressman's office In Washington as qnietly as it la made in a cave or a mountain cavity in North Carolina. And beer can be brewed In the kitchen and from al most anything that grows; the great er file decay, the easier the fermenta tion. "It will be an adventure wofthy the romance of Robin Hood to go out in search of moonshine or smuggled .whisky and beer in Washlngtn when we have prohibition here; es, and it will call for an army bigger than that recommended even by General Scott In these days of the Nation's peril to round up the moonshiners, the boot leggers, and the Congressional and other patrons among the haunts of the cave dwellers of the Nation's Cap ital. Saloon Jfo Temptation. "With prohibition here in the Dis trict of Columbia there will be adven ture, if not romance. In getting a drink. That will be something de fiance of a law 'which we do not re spect. There Is now no more adven ture about stepping into a licensed saloon and buying a highball or a stein of beer than there Is about go ing to the postofflce to buy a postage stamp or into a grocery store to buy a pound of coffee. There is not a thrill of romance to be found in mak ing the round of all the saloons in town under the present arrangement. There is no temptation about the li censed saloon, and it has not one tenth of the appeal to the venture some ;outh that the cabaret show has or even the moving picture houses. "With nrohibltlon all this will be changed. There will be plenty of ad venture and even hazard about the search for a drink. Blind tigers will be places surrounded by romance to make them t-ought after, however vile they may be in reality. Moonshiners and bootleggers will be mysterious characters inviting the romantic youth to make their acquaintance. Deplores Xriv Leadership. "Here in Washington yoii will have the same opportunities for romantic a.denturc that they now have in the mountains of prohibition Georgia and North Carolina, where men make moonshine and men buy moonshine, not because they like moonshine, but because Uncle Sam's revenue agents are hunting for illicit stills and, chas ing bootleggers until every native Is ready to defend the sacred Institu tion of home and expel the invader from the soil Georgia and the Cam linas are but types of their sister States in f - leafy aisles of that ter restrial paradise called Dixie. "However, 1 rjnnot congratulate my party upon its change of leader ship, and I very much doubt how long It will be possible for me to stay with that party when its policies and prin ciples are to be formulated by its new leaders, Randall. Dinwiddle &. Co. I must admire the gentleman from California. "Orcnniser of iew Tarty." "In this hour of national alarm. u ith a national irisis here In America, with thousands crj fng for food and clamoring for relief from this fun gress, and with an international crisis of sucli Importance that the Presl dent of the United States finds it necessary to come before the Congress twice in less "than a month, at the signal from the gentleman from Cali fornia ail these questions of gigantic Importance must be laid on the shelf, and the (representatives of a hundred millions of people are ordered to con sider a proposition to close certain places of business here in Washing ton now licensed by law. ' "The gentleman from "California has grown great since the poll was taken as to the political line up of the next Congress. I have noticed that he has become an organizer of a new Party. Evidently the Democratic leaders who desire to continue In the high places that they have enjoyed for some few years past have also noticed this fact I cannot help think ing that the gentleman from Call fornla must have frightened these leaders (T) God save the mark al most to death. Why, ho has crown 19 great in the past month that even old Julius Caesar would have grudged him the meat upon which he hath fed. "However. If the Democratic party Is going to become a prohibition party, for one, I am going to leave the Democratic party. I do not bcllete in prohibition. Prohibition Is not temperance, since tem perance means and comprehends modera tion, calmness, judgment, and justice. Prohibition Is radicalism run wild; It Is an attempt to bring back to American life that Puritanism which made the scourge, the branding iron, and the penal law the agencies of its perverted moralities, and which rejected the peace ful, kindly ministrations of the Man of Sorrows and substituted therefor the fire and ferocity of the zealot and the violences and vagaries of -the fanatic "Like any other perversion of a desir able thing, this perversion of temperance called prohibition appears to be cradled In Ignorance, fostered In hysteria, voiced by intolerance, and marshaled by tyran ny. In principle and In practice prohibi tion is a negation of American freedom and personal liberty; in its essence It is a denial of the laws of nature; and In Its purpose a pathetic attempt to stifle a human Instinct as old as humanity itself." DISTRICT'S ARIDITY CHEERS-BALTIMORE Maryland Liquor Dealers Pre pare for Record Business After November 1. News that Washington . had been voted "dry" by the House, flashed by telegraph and telephone to Balti more last night when the final vote was taken, was received with enthusi asm by wholesale and retail liquor dealers of the Monumental City. Today, according to reports from Baltimore, these Interests are prepar ing to do the biggest business of their lives after November 1. Baltimore will be the nearest "wet" city to Washington. Already, since Virginia and the Carollnas stepped In to the "dry" column, the liquor houses as well as the express companies handling their wares, are "swamped" at regular Intervals, when holiday supplies are needed In those States. Expansion In Order. Now, since a cfty of 360,000 must de pend largely upon Baltimore for Its "wet" goods, demands upon the liquor houses there cannot be met unless their places are enlarged, and more licenses are issuel. While the Sheppard bill will curtail the legal shipping of whisky Into the District, It will be impossible, as has been shown fn other "dry" States, to prevent.lt being smuggled Into the city in trunks, suitcases, grocery boxes and barrels. As a result, most of the spirituous liquors to be con sumed here will come from Baltimore. A dispatch from Baltimore today says: "A falling-off in the number of sa loons In Baltimore this year Is not anticipated. Each year for a num ber past showed fewer saloons, be cause of the failure of some saloon keepers to mike sufficient out of the business to pay the license tax of S1.000. Increase Jforr Expected.. "Last year showed but a small dif ference from 1915, and It was thought that all the weaker ' saloonkeepers bad been forced out and there would be no further decrease An Increase Is expected by some this year rather than a decrease, because of the re cently made dry terriory adjoining Maryland and a corresponding in crease In the liquor business of this State and city. There was an In crease of $100 last year in the cost of the license. "The number of holders of liquor licenses for which the liquor license commissioners issue permits are as follows: Saloons, 1,146; hotels, 24; clubs, 11, and retail grocers, 22. DISTRICT BREWERS CRITICISE CONGRESS Action in Passing Sheppard Bill Severely Attacked by' Manufacturers. WILL RUN UNTIL LAST DAY Between Two and Three Thou sand Employes of Concerns Here Will Lose Their Jobs. The hope that President Wilson will veto the Sheppard bill for a dry Dis trict, which passed the House last night; determination to run he4r es tablishments until the last possible day, and criticism of Congress for its action In passing the Sheppard bill were expressed by the maVagers of local brewing establishments today. The brewers are basing their hopes that President Wilson will veto the bill and many admitted the chances were very slim on his belief In local option. The majority of the Washington breweries will be operated as long as tlreyjmay market their products, and gradually will reduce the quantities of their brew. Most lager beer is four months old' before It Is retailed. Thus, som'e of the breweries may stop brew ing on June 1. Affects Employment. If the President sign? the bill pass ed by the House last night, approxi mately 2,500 men will be thrown out of work In the District. The District government will be deprived of an annual revenue of nearly $500,000, while the United States Government will lose IIC.CTD yearly. There are 2,000 employes of the 267 saloons In Washington who will lose their jobs, and 500 workers in tho breweries and distributing agencies who will be thrown out of work when the Sheppard bill becomes a law. The bashv upon which tho revenue lor.? to the District and the United Mates Government Is reckoned is that the annual tax upon each of the retail liquor establishments in tho -District Is $1,500, and for tne wholo ralo houses, $800, while the revenuj received from wholesale end retail liquor license fees for Federal liquor licenses each year is approximated at $15,575, computed on the basis of the present number of wholesale and re tail establishments. j Assessed Value, S36340. The breweries here, which will go out of business, are worth as a whole, $563,240, assessed. This Is supposed to be only two-thirds their actual value, which would be worth $844,660. Following are statements by of ficlals of Washington's breweries or i distributing agencies, who asked that tnelr names De wintneia: Agner Drury Brewery Company: "We will keep going until November 1. Many men. however. In the Dis trict will be thrown out of work by August 1." Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company: "We are not going to close our Washington plant, but will turn our attention to other manufactures. I think the action of Congress was very unjust, and hope tho President will veto the bill." "After that time, though, there are going to be a lot of hungry mouths In the District for somebody to feed." Byrd & Barry Distributing Com pany: "The Sheppard bill is one of tho most unjust pieces of legislation which has ever been pulled off in this town. To make us shut down this way. without a word of warning' whatsoever. Is most unfair. It will bo a great financial loss to many of us. If the President does sign that bill. It will be in direct violation of his principles. There- nevci was a more flagrant example of enforced prohibition than this. We will keep going until October 31," , The German Brewing Company: "Wo are going to run right up to No vember 1. This Is just a distributing company of another large company outside the District, but of course it Is going to have a very bad effect upon us." Depends on President. The Heurlch Brewing Company: "That bill hasn't become a law "yet, and it doesn't until President Wilson signs It. We are not crossing bridges before we come to them. President Wilson is firm on local option, and I don't think he would contradict his opinions by signing this bllL We are not ready to state when our plant will closo until that bill becomes a law." National Capital Brewing Company: "We probably will shut down July 1, or thereabouts. The talk of President Wilson not signing that bill seems a hope, just a vague hope, that's all. Nevertheless we are hoping, although I don't suppose there is much- doubt abojut his signing It." Pabst Brewing Company "You wouldn't print It If I told you what I think of that bllL If President Wil son vetoes the bill, those Congress men will pass It over his head. We are going to keep running right up to October 31." " Washington Brewing Company "The President hasn't signed the bill yet. They will have to give us breathing space before we can tell when" we can shut down. Until after the President signs the bill we won't announce our closing up date." EXCISE FORCE TO LOSE POSITIONS Commissioners and Clerical Force Are Legislated Out of Office. The members of the Excise Board, with Its office force, are automati cally legislated out of office with the passage of the Sheppard bill, pro vided, of course, that the President signs the bill and It becomes a law. The members of the board who are thus legislated out of office are An drew J. Cummings, chairman: Henry S. Baker and Cotter T. Bride. The members were appointed for a term of three years. Mr. Cummings' term would have expired August 23, 1010; Mr. Baker's, on July 1. 1010, and Mr. Bride's on July 1, 1017. The office force consists of Edward J. Hart, secretary: Waldo C. Hlbbs, Inspector, and Benjamin F. Harris, messenger. Washington has been wet since Its foundation, according to Dr. William TlndalL historian of the District. The first IeKlBlatlve.net authorising the sale of spirituous liquors was approved on May C 1803. The high cost of living is nothing ln comparison with the increase in the cost of drinking of that day. " For keeping an ordinary," where liquor was sold at retail, the license fee was $15 a year. Vot retailing spirituous liq uors In quantities not less than a pint," thefee was $10. The last license Issued w as to Bernard End re j. of 1015 I street northwest. Two applications for saloon licenses are pend ing, but it is expected by the board that they will be withdrawn. PLAYING SAFE. "Why did you pray So loud for a pony. Winter asked his sister. "God Isn't deaf." ' "No," replied Willie, "but papa can't hear very well." Exchange. There was a Time, Not so Many Years Ago, When Little was Said About "Food Values" Gradually, however, scientists began finding out that many common ills were directly traceable to the excessive use of certain "foods" which are' deprived of a large portion of the mineral salts of phosphorus, iron, calcium, etc. food elements absolutely essen tial to life. " These facts led, some twenty years ago, to the making of GRAPE-NUTS, a food rich in these min--' eral elements. This splendid food, made from whole wheat and barley, supplies perfectly the won derful "food values" of these grains lacking in the . ordinary dietary. GRAPE-NUTS is most delicious! Eaten with cream, as it usually is, it is an ideally balanced food, and should he served daily. "There's a Reason' for Grape-Nuts Food prices may soar, but there has been no change in price, quality, or size of package of Grape-Nuts. This is also true of Postum, Instant Postum and Post Toasties, also made by the manufacturers of Grape-Nuts. ALIEN TEACHERS IN -SCHOOLS OPPOSED Rhode Island Avenue Citizens' Body Favors Employment of Americans Only. That It was the aenso'of the members of the Rhode Island Avenue Suburban Citizens' Association that only Ameri can citizens should be employed In the schools of the District was the sub stance ot a resolution passed by that body at its regular monthly meeting In the Sherwood Methodist Episcopal Church last night. The resoluUon was offered by W. R. Torbert. a member of the committee on Education, and passed without a dis-serjung-vote. During the discussion of the resolution it was charred "by mem bers that at least six of the high school teachers of the city had'not taken out naturalization papers, and as far as was known had given no evidences of taking up citizenship. ravins; Projecf TJnred. A resolution calling on the Commis sioners to consider immediately the proj ect ot paving Rhode Island avenue on the south side, between Twenty-fourth street and South Dakota avenue, also was passed. A generai-dlscusslon of the traction company's service was Indulged by the members, in which speakers brought out the fact that they had learned from officials of the company that it had found tho "school children- cars." In augurated at the suggestion of the cit izens' association, had Improved Its, service. . To Compare Schedules. . The committee on transportation was authorized to make a, comparison be tween the latest service schedules and thoso in effect several months ago and report the Improvements made and those sUII necessary. The question of what part of the Dis trict appropriation bill would be applied to the Improvement of the territory com prised by the association was discussed, and a report showing that &9.S0O would be spent In the neighborhood was read. The greatest Individual item in this sum is $55,000 for tho construction of a viaduct over the Baltimore and Ohio railroad tracks, where they cross South Dakota avenue. S. 8. Symon. president of the associa tion, presided. The pension fund for retired clergy men of the Protestant Episcopal Church of .the United States today reached 10.COO.OOO. exeeedlncr th . Vectatlons of those who have betn worKing to raise it by Just (1,500,000. Corcoran Thorn, chairman of the pension fund committee for the Wash ington diocese, today received a tele gram from Bishop William Lawrence, In New York, father of the pension plan and chairman of the national committee, stating that returns up to today, when the 15,000.000 fund was to have been completed, amounted to 6,SO0,0O0, and that many returns were yet to be received. " Mr. Thorn- said that while all the returns from the Washington diocese were not in hand, he estimated that Washington's share of the -fund will reach about $120,000. A speeial collection was taken tn all Episcopal churches of the United States Sunday, February 18, one of the hut efforts In the campaign to establish a 15,000,000 fund by March U. That this figure would be exceed ed Dy siuo.uoo was nowhere ej- WEAR RINGS OUTSIDE GLOVES. NEW YORK. March 1. Another fad has struck New York, women. They wear their rings now outside their gloves. How long the vogue will last the jewelers declare they wot not. but they say It Is much the same as wearing furs In summer. The women think that the scheme is a perfect jewel. i THERE TO 8TAY. , "The Doppels have a great deal of built-in fnrnlture in their house." "What kind Is that?" "The kind of furniture people never haul away." Exchange. EPISCOPAL,PENSION FDND IS $6,500,000 Subscriptions for Retired Cler gymen, With Returns Incom plete, Exceed Expectations. l hand. nerted. With the amount I hand, the church Is now enabled V put Into- effect its periectea penpn system for Its clergy. M. P.'S CUT DRIJ.KSE Members of Common Will follow Regulation of Outside. LONDON, March 1. A resoVlon nas Deen passed in laa xiouso ui com mons requesting the catering fcm- mlttee of tne nouse io oDserre in e sale of intoxicating liquors the restrictions Imposed on the gene: public Heretofore the sale of Intoxicants In Parliament has not been affected by any outside action Early In the war the central control board, which Interprets liquor-traffic legislation in the United Kingdom. Issued the "no-treating" order. This was followed by an order restricting the sale of liquor In restaurants, ho tels, clubs, railway stations, and sa loons. The clubs came under the rule of saloons (licensed houses), where liquor could only be served between 12 noon and 2:30 p. m. and 6:30 p. m. and 0:30 p. nx, with a limitation for liquor ordered to be consumed off the premises. The House of Commons was not In terfered with. At first there 'was much good-natured debate as to which category Its cafe should be placed In. "Special privilege" was claimed, but It was tacitly acknowledged that the central control board had no jurisdic tion over the premises of the house, for the simple reason that there was no precedent for such jurisdiction There the matter has rested. OLD FASHIONED FAMILY REMEDY FOR COLDS AND BODY BUILDING Father John's Medicine Builds Up the Body Without Use of Alcohol or Dangerdus Drugs. &. A Doctor s Prescription, 60 g Years in Use. . Absolute Truth of Tbk Story Attested by Guarantee to Ghje $25,000.00 to Any Charitable Insti tutiorr if Shown Otherwise. msr-set' PI sssHUsiiHhs&i 9 K'illlllllllllllllllllllllVHHHL' PSllllllllllllVPIBiBlllllllSsVlB illllllllllllFBlllllllSHfluj Father John's Medicine is a physician's pre scription. Prescribed for the late Kev. Father John O'Brien, of Lowell, Mass by an' eminent spe cialist in 1855. : Father John recommended this prescription to his parishioners and friends and in this way it became known as Father John's Medldnp, The story is true and we guarantee . $25,000,00 to any charitable insutnt ' shown otherwise. Father John's Medicine is recommeni t coughs, -colds, and throat troubles, and t i, flesh and strength. Does not contain k r or poisonous drugs. r Telephone Front! jEEP your telephone in front of you on the desk where it is easily accessible when you want to make a call and where it is in no danger of being knocked about. Your telephone is a delicately adjusted in strument and deserves to be handled with care. Do not set it down roughly on the desk, drop it on the floor, or replace the receiver with force. Its efficiency is impaired by rough treatment ' Keep the desk stand cords free from wet umbrellas, sponges and damp locations and away from open windows. The telephone is very sensitive to moisture. After an hour's rain last summer, in one city, we had 96 cases of trouble from wet cords on account of the failure of our subscribers to protect their telephones properly. Cooperation Quickens Telephone Service The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company (si isa tt 131 11' lei . J