THE WASHINGTON TIMES. FRIDAY, HLVRCH 3; 101T.
SENATE PUTS AHEAD
BILL TO ARM SHIPS
Big Majority Votes for Prompt
Action on Measure Enlarging
' Wilson's Powers.
a bond Issue of $100,000,000 to enable
the President to carry out Its provi
sion for the protection of Arnerican
right and the arming and defending;
of merchant ships of this nation.
FISCAL INQUIRY ON
D.C. GETS SETBACK
OPPOSITION GROWS LESS
Armed Neutrality Debate
Foljow Navy Bill Late
By- a vote of W to 15 the Senate today
decided to consider the bill to give the
President authority to arm ships and to
use other Instrumentalities to protect
American life and American rights on
the high seas.
This action was taken on motion of
Senator Stone, chairman of the Foreign
IlelaUons Committee, and It Is taken as
showing- that once the bill Is brought to
a rote It will be passed by an over
it helming majority.
A number of Senators who before the
disclosure of German Intrigue with Mex-
Ico were opposed to passing a bill grant
ing authority to the President, have
changed front as the result of it. The
Republican opposition has perceptibly
Senators In Opposition.
The fifteen Senators who today op
posed taking up the armed neutrality
bill are Bryan. Curtis. Clapp, Cummins,
Oronna. Jones, Klrby. M)ers. Page,
Sherman. Townsend. Works, Watson,
Norrls. and La Follette. Of these. Bryan.
Mers. and Klrby are Democrats.
After the Senate bad voted to take
up the armed neutrality bill. Senator
Stone asked that it be laid aside until
after the navy bill was disposed of.
By agreement, the navy bill is to be
voted on at 4 this afternoon.
The navy bill, carrying more than
a half billion dollars, will then be
passed and the armed neutrality bill
discussed. It is probable that It will
be before the Senate much or 11 of
The vote this morning was Impor
tant, therefore, only as It showed the
trend of sentiment in the Senate. A
Treat eontroversyjs expected to rage
late today and tonight about the prop
osition of whether the President is to
be given sweeplni gpowers or restrict
ed to the mere arming of ships.
Meantime, the session Is drawing to a
close at noon of March 4 amid feelings
of deep apprehension over the German
situation. Legislation Is in a chaotic
condition of congestion. What appropri
ation bills will pass and what will fall
cannot now be accurately foretold.
Signs multiplied today that an extra
session of Congress was probable. Sen
ate Republican leaders told Democratic
leaders that on would be forced. Demo
cratic leaders admitted it was probable.
Senator Kern. Democratic leader, pre
dicted the Senate would complete 'its
work and there would be no extra ses
sion, but this is not the view of many
Republicans and numerous Democrats.
s It fs not unlikely Democratic leaders
will attempt a continuous session until
noon of March 4. However, once Demo
cratic leaders are convinced there Is no
hope of passing a number of the ap
propriation bills they will not go to ex
treme lengths In an affort to wear out
Senator La Follette has. temporar
ily at least, given up his "idea of
filibustering on the navy bill.
Senator Chamberlain, chairman of
the Military Committee, Is anxious to
press the army appropriation bill to
passage. This, however, will csuse
much debate. Universal service will
come in for much discussion.
Party Lines Forgotten.
Backed by an almost unanimous
vote of the House, which cast aside
party lines, the Administration bill
empowering the President to arm
merchant ships and defend them
against attack was sent to the Senate
today. The bill passed the House by
a, vote of 403 to 13 last night, follow
ing eight hours of patriotic oratory.
The members who opposed the bill
were Congressmen Cary. Cooper, Nel
ion, and Stafford, of Wisconsin: Hel
gesen of North Dakota. Benedict of
California, Davis and Lindbergh, of
Minnesota: Wilson of Illinois (Repub
licans), and Congressmen Decker and
Shackelford, of Missouri, and Sher
wood of Ohio, Democrats, and Lon
The pacifist group made repeated
efforts to amend the measure, the
chief fight coming over the proposal
to prohibit the arming of ships which
carry munitions of war. Congressman
Cooper contending It was a virtual
act of war to arm such a ship.
Amendments to prohibit the issuance
of passports to Americans traveling
on munitions earning vessels were
nlly Around President.
In the debate more than fifty mem
bers spoke In favor of uniting behind
the President and protecting Amerl
can rights, no matter what the cost
Minority Header Mann and Con
gressman Stedman. a North Carolina
Democrat, received ovations. Mr
Mann said he was for peace, but be
lieved in the protection of American
rights and stood behind the President.
"How would Lincoln vote if he were
here tonight?" was Major Ktedman's
Question to the Republicans. Mr.
Stedman v. as an officer In the Confed
erate army. His speech brought tliun
derous applause as he invoked the
name of Lincoln, and concluded:
"This House ought to send a mes
sage to the world tonight. It ought to
declare In terms that cannot be mis
understood that we will protect the
commercial rights of our people, that
this country will protect the lives of
its citizens engaged In lawful pur
suits and that it will preserve the
honor and glory of the American flag
in Its pristine splendor wherever it
may float on land or sea to the utter
most end of the earth."
"Uncle Joe" Cannon brought a cheer
when he declared;
"A nation that will not fly to pro
tect her citizens and their rights In
war or peace. If other nations step
upon her toes unlawfully, will become
a nation composed of hewers of wood
and drawers of water. Partisan Re
publican though I am. I believe It Is
my duty here to support Xhe Adminis
tration and the Commander-in-chief
of the Array and Navy.
The bill appropriates and provides
House Fails to Give Authoriza
tion for Investigation on
Plans of Chairman Ben Johnson, of
the House District Committee, to con
tinue the investigation of the fiscal
affairs between the Federal and Dis
trict governments met a setback to
day when the House failed to act op a
resolution extending the investigating
powers of the committee. The John
son resolution was defeated by a point
of order made by Congressman San
ford of New York, who maintained
that the present Congress has no au
thority to authorize an inquiry by
the District Commltee of the next
House and that there is no District
Committee until the Sixty-fifth Con
gress creates one.
It was suggested during the parlia
mentary discussion that Congress, ,by
joint resolution, may authorize an in
quiry by certain members of the -present
District Committee, buWthla au
thority cannot be conferred by a
simple House resolution carrying an
appropriation from the contingent
fund. The Johnson resolution asked
an appropriation of $7,000.
Unless Chairman Johnson can have
authority included In one of the ap
propriation bills or can cct through
a joint resolution in the closing hours
of the session, the investigation.
which Is being conducted by account
ants and experts of the District Com
mittee. must halt.
Chairman Lloyd said the Investiga
tion of the District Committee during
the several years past, "had resulted
in turning in more than $2,000,000 to
the United States Treasury. It is the
one investigation which has amounted
to something and been worth while to
the Federal Government."
Speaker Clark said the fiscal in
quiry of the District Committee htd
been productive and worth while, but
he was obliged to" sustain the point of
order against the Johnson resolution,
because to do otherwise would set a
PRESIDENT TO SIGN
DISTRICT DRY BILL
First Will Give Courtesy Hear
ing to Advocates of
MAY MINT MEXICAN COINS
Carranza Said to Be Sending $20,
000,000 In Gold Ban.
PHILADELPHIA, March 2. Finan
cial agents of the Mexican govern
ment. It has been learned here, have
made Inquiry at the Philadelphia mint
regarding prices and facilities for
minting Mexican gold coins. Within
the last ten days a representative of
Stallforth & Co., New York bankers,
asked the price per thousand pieces
for coining cinco pesos, $5 gold
pieces. He was told the mint could
manufacture 60.000 pieces a week.
The price was not made public.
Authority to do the work must
come from the director of the mint
at Washington. It was said at the
mint that unofficial Information had
reached there that master dies, made
at the Philadelphia mint for the
Mexican government ten years ago,
are on the way here.
It was reported that Rafael Nleto.
of the Mexican treasury. Is bringing
s.u.uuu.uuu in goia bars here, but
nothing was known of this at the
(Continued from First Page.)
body to the President in protest
against bis signing the bill refusing
to grant the people of the District a
referendum upon the subject.
League Is Satlsfled.
When asked what measures the Dis
trict Antt-Saloon League would take
to combat the activities of the refer
endum people, Andrew Wilson, presi
dent of the organization, said:
"We place our faith In the Presi
dent. The bill was passed In the only
constitutional way, and there Is no
logical reason why he should not sign
the measure. We will hold no meet
ings, It Is up to Mr. Wilson."
Would Begin Again.
If the President should fall to sign
the Sheppard-Barkley prohibition bill.
It would not end the agitation for a
'dry" District. The next Congress,
dry" leaders of the House said t-
day, would undoubtedly take up the
prohibition 'measure again.
The temper of Congress and the
country demands a 'dry' Capital."
said one of the prohibition leaders
today. "We are not expecting a veto
of this bill, but it it should be dis
approved, prohibition in the JJIstrl t
will only be postponed. The District
Is on the road to prohibition, whether
It comes next November or a year
'It Is estimated that the Sixty-
fifth Congress will be more strongly
prohibition than the present Con
gress, so there can be no backward
step In the fight."
Date May 'Cause Trouble.
It was said that the action of the
next Congress, of course, would de
pend upon the ground of Presiden
tial disapproval of the Sheppard bill.
If the bill should be vetoed because
of the erroneous date, which some
lawyers think make doubtful the va
lldity of the measure. Congress prob
ably would repass the bill In per
fected form. If a veto should come
on the referendum plea. It is su
gested that Congress might authorize
a referendum amendment, and thus
meet any objection on that score.
However, the general Impression In
Congress seems to be that the Presi
dent will sign the bill, although It is
privately admitted that the conflict
ing dates in the bill may cause
trouble because of the refusal of the
House to correct the wrong data as
it was carried In the Senate bill.
This, some argue, dissipates the argu
ment that If was a "clerical error,"
because the House knew of the error
and Ignored it.
Ing, atom his alleged feats of faith
cure, joined forces with August
Schradcr, who also burst on the world
from Colorado, Is not clear, but they
shared vicissitudes for more than a
Schlatter himself has In recent years
Insisted that he Is the reincarnation of
Moses arid that the second Christ was
In 1908 Schlatter and Schradcr ap
peared in San Diego. Cal. and an
nounced they had set up a kingdom of
the unmapped Freedom Isles. In the
South seas. Schlatter was the king and
Schrader was Crown Prince August as
well as bishop of the divine church.
Eventually the Idea of a South sea
Utopia palled and the two established
the Baptist Church. Inc.. In California,
with Schrader as bishop and Schlatter
as traveling missionary.
Both Schlatter and Schrader made so
much money at times that Imitators
using their names sprung up in great
Former Governor of Canal Zone
Declares Nebraska Backs
$60,000 TO FIND PTOMAINES
SCHRADER, HEALER, IS DEAD
With Schlatter, Wat Indicted for
-Using Mall to Defraud.
LOS ANGELES, March 2. August
Schrader. self-styled divine healer,
whose trial on a charge of fraudulent
use of the malls was interrupted by his
Illness, is dead In this city.
Francis Schlatter, also a "healer." and
Schrader were Indicted for the alleged
receipt of money for "blessed handker
chiefs" sent by mslL
Canner Give Harvard Fund to
Probe Food Poisoning.
CAMBRIDGE. Mass, March 2. A
gift Of $20,000 a. rear tnr Ihn. v..-.
by the National Canners' Association
lor an investigation of food poisoning,
with special reference to canned
goods, has been acecpted at Harvard
University, it was announced here.
The gift w rwiv.ft wi.t. ..
derstandlng that the Investigation
nuuiu oe conducted ana its results
published with full academic freedom.
WILL B, READY IS QUITE SO.
ST. LOUIS. March 2. Aitho.nr'h
Shakespeare said "there is nothing
In a name," Will B. Ready, of this
city, has proved an exception to the
rule by offering his services as a
fighter In the United States marines.
Ready weights 175 pounds. Is more
than six fr tali .. i. ... n t
. --. ..,.. .,.. ,0 Mcaciioru
as a marvel or strength. He was re
quested tO Oht.ln til. nnnaM VI.
parents or defer his enlistment until
ne reacnes military age.
"SURGEONS ON DUTY.
Surgeons of the Washington Rail
way and Electric Company will be on
duty at the company's inaugural
emergency station. Ninth and G
streets northwest, from Sunday noon
until midnight, Monday. Dr. L. w.
Glaietrook. chief surgeon, will be as
sisted by Dra J. J. Kaveney. F. H.
Morehart, and W. J. Stanton.
An oratorical clash between Will
lam Jennings Bryan and Richard L.
Metcalf, of Nebraska, former gover
nor of the Canal Zone, featured the'
banquet of the Nebraska State Asso
ciation In the Ebbltt Hotel last night.
Mr. Bryan was a guest of honor and
was the first speaker.
"The Citizenship of Nebraska Is
united on keeping this country out of
war with Germany," he said. "My
prayer Is that we preserve our neu
trality, neip tne warring nations out
of the present war, and become a
great moral nation, rather than one
of physical power."
Mr. Metcalf, the next speaker, lOOk-
, .ui. .ujji siraigni in me eyes.
"Nebraska Is not a peace-at-any-price"
State, and its people stand be
hind President Wilson. There is not
a State in the Union that is for war,
but If It comes the people will be
ready to respond to the call. I say
that with practical unanimity the
sentiment of the people of Nebraska
favora a reasonably fair army and
navy preparedness and universal mili
tary service. Nebraska does not stand
for a war referendum.
President Wilson Is the biggest
leader in this country, and If any
man's name should go down In history
It Is his."
The Rev. James Shera Montgomery.
pastor of the Calvary Methodist
Church, rebuked Mr. Bryan -for his
stand for peace, saying he could not
see how, at this time of stress, it
was possible for a man to be a paci
fist and a consistent patriot.
"There la a vast difference between
Idealism and patriotism," he declared.
Other speakers were Congressman
Charles H. Sloan, A. C. Shallenberger
and Miss Edith A. Lathrop'. Congress
man Daniel V. Stephens was toast
rrmster. A musical program followed the
Record for Last Thirty Years
Gives Cause for Misgivings
as to Monday.
1877 Rain and cloudy.
1881 Rain and cloudy.
1689 Rain and cloudy.
1893 Snow and cloudy.
1807 Snow, rain and cloudy.
1901 Rain and cloudy.
1905 Rain and cloudy. i
1909 Snow and blizzard.
1913 Rain and cloudy.
Records of the weather on the last
eleven inauguration days, beginning
with March 4, 1873, the first Inaugu
ration after the Weather Bureau was
established, show that there !s real
cause for misgivings on Monday.
Official' figures, prepared for The
Times by the Weather Bureau today,
reveal the fact tnat. out of those
eleven days there was only one rlear
day, and that was March !, 1873.
when the temperature was four de
grees above zero.' On two of the
days it was "cloudy" and. "partly
cloudy." while It either rained or
snowed, or both, on the other eight.
Yet a falnt'hope for March 5. 1917.
was held out today In a, semi-official
way. If the elements run true to the
"dope" of the Government's prognos
ticates, there will be no stormy
weather, and the Inaugural parade
will be marred by neither snow nor
rain. Clear weather, however. Is far
from a certainty". It was stated.
Want Weather In 109.
The Weather Bureau will venture
Its official forecast for Monday tomor
row. Until then "mum's the word,"
Tabulations of March 4 weather
show that In 1909 conditions were the
worst, despite that famous forecast
for "clear." On that day there was a
terrific blizzard, following a snowfall
of 9.8 Inches.
The warmest Inauguration day on
record was March 4, 18S3, twhen the
maximum temperature was 58 de
grees and the- minimum 36 degrees.
The 'rainiest day was on that fateful
flareback day. March 4..1909, precip
itation of 1.05 being registered.
Reeerd far Thirty Tears.
During the thirty years ending In
1913, there have been sixteen 'clear"
days on March 4'. according- to the
records furnished The Times by "the
Weather Bureau. Seven of the March
fourths are listed as "cloudy" or
"partly cloudy." the remaining sevea
dates having "rain" or "snow."
The highest temperature recorded
on a March 4th was In 1880, wbea
the mercury climbed to the 77 degree:
mark. The weather on March 4 In
the past two years has been clear, and
In 1914 only "partly cloudy."
Here's hoping for 19171 '
"How do you like your new neigh
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