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.-V . "' ?-:-" ' ' ' X ) te "Uohttt0tati Wm$ .WEATHER "FORECAST: Cloudy and Colder (Full Report on race Two.) AFTERNOON EDITION With 1:30 Wall Street NUMBER 10,102. WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 12, 1917, PRICE ONE CENT.. OVER SEVENTY-FIVE PER CENT OF CARS RUNNING FEW CASES OF TROUBLE; NONE OF ACTUAL VIOLENCE "BREAKERS" REFUSE SIX TICKETS FOR A QUARTER l" ) ADVENTURES OF $2INAMARKET Mrs. Expert Buyer Takes Times Reporter on a Profitable Journey. MAKES HER OWN LARD Astute With Clerks, Woman Who Spends $20 a Month for Food Makes It Count By FLORENCE E. ODEn. What are the families who have to pay all their bills out of 50 a month doing about the H. C of L? Well, for the first thing', this kind of a family spends $20 a month, or about ?5 a week, on food. For a second Item of news, let It be known that people who are living on J50 a month and spending $5 a week for food do without: Lard, real butter, asparagus, cake, sugar in everything but coffee and tea and very little there, steaks, pork products, anything out of season, and every expensive vegetable in season and lots of other foodstuffs. But they do not starve. Far from it. They have milk and eggs, potatoes, .atews, hominy, rice, and a variety of their own make of lard that is per fectly delicious. How Oae "Wman Shopped. But why not read how one woman, who nver spends more than $5 a week for food, did her shopping last Saturday night, accompanied by a Times reporter? We started out with a Bood sized market basket between us, a J- bill, - of-whicbr-rrss thanS was to be spent, complacency and '-'a good humored spirit of tolerance on .the part of the Mrs. Blank, and keenest Interest and Incredulity on the part of the re porter. ., "No, we do not take a car," said the hostess with a smile. "I shop at one of the smaller markets here. We go right In here." "Right in here", was 'a good sized neighborhood market, with outside stalls, and a wealth of small veget ables most people have forgotten ever existed. "Now I'll get my eggs first, and my butter with them, so you take the basket while I get out the money." and the reporter was impressed into caddying for the lady. "I always like to give good atten tion to my change," she went on, "ever since they got out those new Jl bills. They look so much like fives." Price First Consideration. Then, asking the price first, al ways with admonitory looks to see ht the caddy was paying attention. she purchased one pound of oleo margarine for 24 cents, and one dozen eggs for CO cents. "Tou see," she explained. "I am buying eggs for the whole week. From one Saturday to the next there are six days: one dozen eggs, two every morning, one for my husband and one for me." "As for the oleomargarine, it's all right after you get used to It. Besides, .aI.iuIi' T Irniv jvt- .ill r.al 1illtfit- and It would be positively ridiculous for me to try to get it. She counted the change methodi cally, stowing three one dollar Mils away In one part of the purse, and al lowing a one dollar bill and some (Continued on Page Twelve.) PROPHETS LISTED FOR WAR Most Accurate of Weather Fore scatter Scheduled to Serve. Ranking men on merit lists at weather bureaus throughout the United States will be the first of that service to go with the army to the front, in case the United States goes to war. The percentages of accurate hits by forecasters are on file and constitute an important part of the Govern ment's statistics of military strength. Bach regiment of infantry or corps cf bird men will have Its forecaster, whose duty it will be to foretell what weather will attend expected battles. The Weather Bureau here has been prepared for months to send a corps of meteorologists with the first army to take the field. If commanders think of making ad vances they first of all send for the weather forecaster to make reason ably sure that weather conditions will be right. Forecasts, it is said, are particularly valuable when raids by airplanes are contemplated. FRENCH REPORT GAINS Pari War Office Announce Mal son Champagne Advance. PARIS, March 12. "Further gains" were reported by the war office statement today as achieved by French forces in the region of liaisons Champagne during the night. The statement also told of raids and encounters of patrols In differ ent parts of the front which resulted Jn capture of a number of German prisoners. DEPARTMENT GLAD TO TEST SEEDS Acting Secretary of Agriculture Vrooman today" requested The Times to Inform its readers that tlte department is unable to pro vide garden seeds. Congress ap proprlated the money for free seeds and Congress distributes them, personally, back home, where they will do the most good at election time. Mr. Vrooman said, however, that the department would be glad to test seeds for Times readers, provided they were sent in by clubs and organizations large enough to Justify the depart ment's trouble. Tests cannot b made for individuals. TILLS HIS YARD AND BUYS FARM Possibilities of Intensive Gar dening Shown by a Wash ington Man. "Any man with a back yard lot twenty by forty or fifty feet can raise enough vegetables this summer to supply a family of six, by putting in n,ot more than an hour and a half a day." , Thus speaks the voice of experience In the person of C. O. Tavtnor, 3023 P street northwest. For the last several summers Mr. Tavenor, a. former em ploye of the Washington Railway and Electric Company, has raised enough vegetables on a small back yard lot to feed his family and have $330 In the bank at the end of the gardening sea son. He did this In addition to put ting in twelve hours a day at his posi tion with the street railway company. "Anybody can do It." said Mr. Tav enor. "I love to see things grow, and I certainly like the work." Intensive Farming. It is only by intensive farming that Mr. Tavenor is able to make this excellent showing. Every Inch of ground is under cultivation from the first signs ot spring until 'the first frost, late In the fall. - Already sev eral hotbeds have been planted with tomato plants, and when Mr. Tavenor lifted the cover from one of the hot beds tomato plants could be seen growing more than an inch above ground, ready to be planted should the weather permit. Mr. Tavenor takes great pains with his hotbeds. He first digs a shallow excavation the size of his beds. He then fills up this pit with horse manure. Around this be builds the frame, covered with glass. Inside of small shallow boxes, about eighteen Inches wide and twenty-four Inches long by three Inches (Continued on Fifth rage.) SOCCERISTS HELP BRITAIN Contribute Substantially to Greatest'Lnl' of War Loans. LONDON', March 12. Included In the greatest war loan ever raised In the world's history, are a number of subscriptions from British i-occcr and cricket clubs. The Marylebone Cricket Club stands out prominently In tin list, having subscribed for 2.1,O0O. The famous club has a membership of more than 5.000. between 2.000 and :i.(K)0 of them being In Hf-tive service with the forces. Other subscribers arc: Scottish Football Ai-eo I2.1.0O0 Aston Villa Football Club l.-i.OOO Manchester City 15.000 Kverton I2.0O0 Wolverhampton Wanderers .. 0.000 Glasgow Football Asm 5.00O Liverpool 5.000 Glasgow- Bangers n.ooo Itotherham County rioo West Ham United h.ooo Forfar 2.fiOO Milwull 2.500 Berks & Bucks Foot'l Aa.o.... 2,375 Central League 1,250 HELD ON WEAPON CHARGE Motorman Who Didn't Go on Strike Arrested at ML Rainier. On a charge of carrying concealed weapons, V.. F. Peters, one of the old est motormen in the service of the Washington Railway and Electric Company, was arrested at Mt. Rainier shortly after noon today, and will be given a hearing tomorrow evening before Justice of the Peace John Klein. x Peters did not go on a strike with the other employes. It Is said that Constable John White, who made the arrest, stook two pistols from his pockets. Arrangements were made by Rob ert W. Wells, attorney for the rail way fompany to have Peters released on his own recognizance. Peters was on his car. which was headed toward Washington, when arrested. STONE GIVEN HIS JOB AGAIN BY OLD GUARD Not a Voice Raised in Opposi tion as Senate Approves Appointment., ENTIRE LIST IS RATIFIED Two New Democrats and Two i New Republicans Put on Dis trict Committee. Not a vole was lifted at the Sen ate Democratic caucus today against the retention of Senator "Bill" Stone of Missouri as chairman of the For eign Relations Committee. The committee list, as presented by the steering committee, was ratified without a contest. Senators who have been talking loudly against Senator Stone were conspicuous today by their silence and sang so low they "were-not audible. Seniority Dominates. Rule of seniority and precedent and the force of the Old Cuard Senators w-ho are potent these days on the Democratic side dominated and suf ficed to smooth" over all the troubles that at one time threatened to break on the-Missouri Senator. Later on the committee lists of the Democrats and that of the 'Repub licans were presented to the Senate and ratified. No controversy devel oped In the Senate. Senator NewJanUs presented a reso lution for an Investigation by the Committee on' Rules Into the methods of assigning members to committees, clerical hire, and the like. This, how ever, had no relation to the opposi tion ofSenator Stone. Sore of Job For Two Years. As a result of today's Senate ac tion, despite the protest from the country. Senator Stone will head For eign Relations for the next two years. The committee assignments as made today by the Senate, following action by the Democratic and Republican caucuses, which ratified the findings of the respective committees on com mlttces, .have for the most part been made public. Two new Democratic members and two new Republicans were put on the District Committee. On the Demo cratic side. Senator Kinf of Utah and Senator Vardaman of Mississippi were found. On the Republican side Senators Calder of New York, and New of Indiana, were put on. Senator Tramell of Florida, was at first given a place on the Democratic side of this committee. He did not desire to serve, and Senator Varda man was put on In his place. Senators James and Smith of Ari zona left the committee. Senator Works ended his service March 4, and hence retired from the Republican side of the committee, and Senator Sterling, a Republican, also retired from it. Senator John Walter Smith con- to be chairman of the com mittee. WORKS SEES DICTATORSHIP Former Senator Declare Senate Cowardly In Cloture Case. Declaring the action of the Presi dent is hurrying the United States rapidly toward a dictatorship, former Senator John 1). Works of California, departing for home, 1ms fired a last broadside against centralization of power In Washington. Denouncing the President for Inter- f.Hnp with Senate rules. Senator Works says the Senate was pusll' lanitmniH and cowardly" in yielding Its Independence. MAY HALT RELIEF WORK Sinking of Storstadt in "Safe" Zone Discourages. German torpedoing of the Nor wegian ship Storstadt. official confir mation of which reached here today, may servo to halt Belgian relief work. Officials here are frankly dis couraged at the tendency shown by the German commander In destroying this ship In rne open Inne designated by Germany herself as exempt from attack. This utter disregard of the Belgian relief flag and lolatlon of Germany's promise- to lay a lane for relief ves sels may seriously hamper the relief commission's efforts to feed the 10.000,000 dependent upon charity. The Storstadt was bound from Buenos Aires to Rotterdam. Chair man Hoover, of the Belgian relief commission, is In New York. When Lending WaNhlngton Consult Baltimore & Ohio Agents I about your travel problem... They i will tell you of our splendid through service at frequent hours, day and night, to the East, West, and North. Advt. U.S.GIVESOUT FORMALARMED SHIP NOTICE Serves Notice on World That It Will Defend American Mer chant Ships. STATEMENT SENT ENVOY Lansing Announces Armed Guard Will Protect Vessels From U-Boats. The United States Government served formal notice to the world today of Its intention to defend American merchant vessels at all hazards from German submarines. 'The following brief statement, pre pared by Secretary of State Lansing, after a conference with President Wil son, was sent out by the State Depart ment this morning to all members of the .Diplomatic Corps: "In view of the announcement of the Imperial German government ot Janu ary 31. 1917, that all ships, those of neutrals Included, met within certain zones of the high seas, would be sunk without any precautions being taken for the safety of the persons on board, and without the exercise of visit and search, the Go eminent of the United States has determined to place upon al'. American merchant vessels sailing through the barred areas an armed guard for the protection of the vessels and the lives of the persons on board." Removes All Donbt. 'The statement, removing at onc all doubt as to the Intention of the American Government to place naval gunners fcv well as guns onAmerlcan ships. Is not only a plain challenge of Germany's war zone decree, but Is a challenge of every contention which the Berlin government has hereto fore made with respect to the status of armed merchant ships. Throughout the correspondence between the United States and Ger many, growing out of the submarine warfare of two years back, the Ger man government sought to prove that all armed British merchant vessels were In fact ships of war because: The British ships carried naval guns manned by naval gunners; and these gunners were directly responsl b. to the British admlrallty and, among the secret orders they worked under, thesa gunners were under In structions to fire on submalnes at sight. v Will CarrygXaval Guns. The American ships will carry United States naval guns manned by United States naval gunners. These gunners will be directly re sponsible to the United States Navy Department, and will be under de tailed instructions, which have thus far been keep secret with one excep tion; namely, that the gunners are to fire on the submarines at sight. The position of the American Gov ernment, as adhered to In the prev- (Contlnued on Fifth Page.) MACHINISTS MAY AID MEN Navy Yard Worker Likely to Keep Off Street Cars. Machinists of the Washington Navy Yard, numbering nearly 2.000, may come to the aid of the striking street railway employes of the Washington Hallway and Electric Company. It was announced today by N. P. Allfas that the machinists of Colum bla l.odKe 171, would meet at S o'clock this afternoon at Fourth and Pennsylvania avenue southeast for thu purpose of considering ways and means to help the strikers. The striking street railway employes are expected to have men at the meeting to explain the situation. In the last strike the machinists arranged to assist the employes by keeping off the cars while the strike was In progress. It Is expected that similar action, affecting the lines on which there Is a strike, will be taken at this time. WILSON AGAIN IN BED , President Weakened by Sitting Up a While Yesterday. President Wilson Is still confined to his room and did not go to the executive offices today. The PresI dent saw Secretary Lansing and Pen ator Martin, the latter Democratic leader of the Senate, today, but is understood to have received his visit ors while In bed. The President sat up yesterday, but this weakened him a bit. and Dr. Grayson decided this morning that Mr. Wilson ought to remain in his room for the present. No appointments, except of the most vital sort, will be made for the Pres ident until ho fully recovers his strength. TJfe fever has left Presi dent Wilson, but he U recuperating rather slowly. EFFECTS OF STRIKE AS REPORTED AT THE CAR BARNS ... 'Following is the number of cars the railway starters at the six principal barns claimed to be running today and the number claimed to be the normal' service at mid-day and during morning rush hours. Car Lines. East Capitol. F St. and Georgetown Capitol and Mt. Pleasant. . . Mt Pleasant 13th and D Sts Columbia line (H street) BladensburR .' Ninth street, Brightwood and Four- and'a-Half street" 'southwest. . . . Takoma Park, Foreit Glen, and Soldiers' Home Eleventh street. Anacoetia and Giesboro Point Georgetown, Tenleytown, and Rock- ville Great Falls, Massachusetts avenue, and Bradley Heights Maryland line (Mt Rainier, Laurel, Riverdale, and Hyattsville ).... Treasury-Brookland LeDroit Park. Wharves, Bureau of Printing and Engraving.! 4 5 7 Cabin John, Glen Echo and George town 2 2 4 Estimates of strikers credit the company with operat ing from half to three-fourths of the above numbers. GERARD IS DUE . IN U. S, TONIGHT Umbassador, a! Havana, Had Trying Journey From Berlin., , v " By nightfall James W. Gerard, for mer ambassador to Germany, will re joice once more In treading American oil. It has been along way from Ber lin to Washington nearly 0,000 miles In the route Gerard Is traversing, and to the moment of reaching the Cuban coast It was a Journey filled l'h P prehenslon a Journey that came alter wearing days of long drawn oui wn slon In Berlin. The ambassador and his embassy party expect to leave Havana today. Gerard will report to President Wil son at the earliest possible moment. Until he has thiiB personally detailed the circumstances of those trying days in Berlin and given the Chief Magis trate the Impressions- he has formed as to Germany's purposes, her present situation, and her future alms, he will remain silent, , Illdnt Know of riot. The only public expression which the former ambassador permitted him self to make on his arrival at Havana was 'that he had no knowledge of For eign Secretary Zlmmermann's plot to allgrbGermany with Mexico and Japan until word of that conspiracy reached the Infanta Isabol by wireless as Bite was en route from Corunna. Spain, to Havana. From others of the ambassadorial party, however. It was learned that the ambassador months ago advled the United States Government of Ger many's Intrigues n Mexico. It rests with President Wllsrn whether the full story of Gerard's life In nerlln and his impressions of Ger many shall be given to the American (Continued on "Fifth Page.) AMERICANS NOT MISUSED London Denies Germans Treat Pris oners With Unfair Discrimination. LONDON, March 12. Emphatic de nial has been given to reports that Americans fighting with Canadian regiments are 111 treated by the Ger mans when taken prisoner. Some time ago there was a tale that the German general staff had is sued an order to officers to watch for prisoners from the -American Le gion. but this unit of the Canadian army no longer exists as such. Americans enlisting with the Cana dians have been systematically scat ter"d throughout several divisions, making If Impossible for the Germans to distinguish them even if they were determined to treat the Amer icans as franctlreurs. No one here can understand how any one could Imagine that Great Britain would allow the Germans to treat soldiers of American parentage or birth differently than any others captured. Technically they are Brit Ish subjects during their term of en listment, having sworn allegiance to the King. U. S. WOULD LOSE NITRATE German Activities In Chill Would Cut Supply, Is Assertion. As a result of German activities In Chill this country, In the event of war with Germany, would be cut off completely from Its supply of nitrate an absolute Ingredient In the pro duction of explosives according to a statement made today by N. H. Mil liken, president of the American So ciety of Chill, who has Just arrived in this country. Normal Normal Mid-day. Rash-hours. 18 12 20 n 2 24 32 20 '28 20 2 28 (Included in Ninth street) 20 11 3 23 23 24 11 3 23 23 32 14 33 34 25 KNOWN DEAD ININDIANAGALE Believed Ruins of 500 Wrecked Newcastle Homes Yet.HoId r 10 to 20 Bodies. NEWCASTLE, Ipd.. March It With twenty-live bodies already recovered, search continued today for further dead In the wake of the cyclone which swept down on this city late yesterday, de stroying 500 homes and causing property damage of more than fl.OOO.OOO. Following Is a list of the known dead: EVERETT DUNLAP. IS. JOHN NELIS. 3, Mrs. JOHN DAVIS, mother of Gray Davis. . OHVILLE DAVIS. 6. son of "Gray Davis. MRS. ARCHIE FLETCHER. MRS. ALICE WILLIAMSON. RAZOR. 12, son of W. T. Razor. NEWTON, residence unknown. BERNICE DAT. i. y ETHEL DAT. 18. JUNE DAY, i. RAY DAY. X. MRS. MARY E. WILLIAMS. MRS. VERA HIGGINS, daughter of Mrs. Williams. ERNEST WATERMAN. 6. WILLIAM LOWERY..S1 PRICE 8KELTON. TWO SONS OF ERNEST GRAT,.a farmer. RUSSELL McCLAIM. 8. who died at the hospital of injuries today. FIVE UNIDENTIFIED DEAD. Other Bodies In Ruins. Estimates were that from ten to twenty bodies were still In the ruins. Manufacturing plants were closed while, the workmen aided three com panies of mllltla and 100 special po licemen in keeping guard and clean ing up the debris strewn over a dis trict two and a half miles wide, and fifteen miles long, through the resi dence district of the city, and on Into a prosperous farming country. Fifty physicians and nurses from neighboring towns took care of the wounded In Improvised hospitals. Fifty were seriously Injured, and 100 (Continued on Page Twelve.) PRISONER GIVEN RESPITE President Grant Thirty-Day Stay of Death Sentence. Edward Mayberry, convicted of murder In the Federal Court, Spokane, Washgsaajmeedi?toj'T',it5d, and wKSliy? iWWwrrpBftiwff fWtn terest when Federal authorities here received an application for permis sion to hang him on the roof ot the Federal building In Spokane be cause the State law prohibits capi tal punishment, has been given a re spite by the President. Mayberry was to have bee-i hanged on March 10. President Wilson to day granted him a respite of thirty days In which to prepare an appeal from the sentence of the Federal Court which conflicts with the State laws. COLOMBIA TREATY 18 UP. The Senate went Into executive ses sion at 12:30 o'clock today to consider nominations and the Colombian treaty. Democrats were anxious to ratify the Colombian treaty during the special session. Republicans want to postpone it until the extra session Is called, April 18. Running Today. 18 12 20 11 -2 22 KINGSATISFIED WITH SERVICE ON ALL LINES Unfamiliarity Wjth Street Loca tions Hampers Imported Mo tormen and Conductors. UNION CHIEFS -SANGUINE Hope President Wilson Will Soon Be Able to Consifler the - Situation. An unidentified girl was struck. by a street car at North Capitol and H streets at 1:4$ this afternoon. She was taken to Casualty Hospital. With about 75 per cent of the cars in operation, and with little or no attemnt on the part of the strikers to interfere with the strike breakers, the first day of the strike on the lines of the Washington Railway and Electric Company's is passing, without any more serious troume man ir regular scnedules and an Insist ence on the part- of the strike hr.iV-'rnr rnnrlttP.r5.fnr a full llV- rcnl f-uv-Zfrp-ifir! nlaeft frf -the S1X- .JIcWKtgjltx jraJp W is we larcMxeu. lu.iup.toiuj-iiJij ;harter. . There was considerable anxiety dur ing the early morning hours as to whether the strikers or their sym Tutthiie Interfere with the cars on the early trips. At some of the barns the starting nours on wiis ci t . ohnmreit. hnt aa- a few cars started out and were not Interfered with, the fear of trouble diminished, ana irom some of the barns a full quota, was dispatched. Blockade at K aad Nlntk. Tt.esii.e one of tb strike breaking motormen on an Anacostla car wu not "on to the ropes," east-bound ..t. r it,, tvaahtnirton Railway and Electric Company was tied up at Ninth ana - sireeis mr hour early this afternoon, and a crowd of several thousand gathered, expecting acts of violence on the part of the striking car men. i n j-m hnut bv an Anacostla car getting caught In the "cut-onut" as It turned rrom - sireei miu iuu. street. TIs blocked al eastbound traf- . .I-.. 1.- - mntl ft crowd Of sev- uu aiuuft a- ...- -- - , eral thousand soon gathered. Strlk Ityr car men were ireeij- oiji:iiii throughout the crowd, and shouts cf "Oh. you scabl" and "Rats. Rata, Rats" were Hung at the strike breakers as they worked'frantlcaliy in an euorc 10 release the car. The crowd grew so rapidly that all vehicular traffic as well as street car traffic was blockea tor ntteen or . . . .. i - ..I. ef twenty minutes. .ii . ...j ..- the crossing policeman had been re enforced by police reserves that tha crowd was held back sufficiently to permit vehicles to pass. Air of Satisfaction. President King1 expressed himself as very well pleased with the showing the company was making, and expect ed as the day progressed to increase the number of cars in operation until the normal number was reached. At the headquarters of the car men's union there was a general air of -satisfaction with the situation, and the fact that so large a number of cars were running was not accepted by them as evidence that their enoris ..- V.I..I.-V ..,.., nnrl bettered work Ing conditions together with a recog nition of the union were to be without result. The union leaders, knowing that the strike situation had been brought to the attention of President "Wilson, were hopeful that his condition of health would shortly allow him to take the situation under consideration and make an effort to bring about a peaceful and satisfactory solution of the disagreement George A. Wtlburt. president of the car men's union, said at noon that the ...... A fft f Ik. ..Atvtnttfiv Ttrnn operating considerably more than half the usual number ot cars. The object of this strike Is not to tie up the company's lines." he said, "or to Inconvenience the public In any way. . rl, aopfntinrn nf thf, tnrilvlfinal contravts meant the death of the em ployes organization, in siriKe was ordered for the preservation of the Interests of the employes. The ques tion now Is whether the union s to live or be killed. If it is to die. It will be legally killed and not sum- marlly throttled." At the office of the Potomac Elec tric Power Company It was emphatio ,ilr stated that the strikers who left 1 -LiL