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fe'ltohmgfim Hme COMPLETE AFTERNOON EDITION With 1:30 Wall StrMt WEATHER FORECAST: fair Tonight (Full Report on Page Two) r ""-" NUMBER 10,124. WAR PLANS ARE ON BASIS OF A LA FOLLETTE BLOCKS PACIFIST SAYS HE WON'T HELP Peace Party's Bitterness Reaches Climax in Letter to President Wilson. BLAMES HIM FOR THE WAR Author Says He Will "Offer Him self to Country" By Re fusing to Obey. The climax of the bitterness felt to ward the President by the pacifist of the Emergency Peace Federation and allied bodies, because of his war speech before Congress last night, was reached this- morning when Frank Stephens, a single tax advo cate from Arden, DeL, arose at the pacifist meeting at Convention Hall and asked permission from Louis P. Lochner, presiding, to read a state; menU "1 have h,ere a letter," he said, "which I -will send to the President of the United States, and which I will request Senator La Follette to read from the floor of the Senate." Mr. Stephens, the center of all at tention, reached Into his pocket, and, pulling forth a piece of paper, read the following communication address ed to Mr. Wilson: ' Text of Letter. "Mr. President, the blood guilt of this war Is upon you, and neither you cor the law shall make me a sharer In it. I will neither kill nor help kill. "When It seems expedient to you, as It soon must, to make an example .by punishment, of those who will not obey your war Jaws, and who appeal to others not to obey them, I offer my self for that service to my country. "FRANK STEPHENS." When Stephens Had completed the reading of his letter he passed It to Mr. Lochner. and took his seat. For a seeond all was quiet, and then sud denly handclapping and stamping 'of feet broke the silence. The applause lasted two minutes, showing the un restricted approval of the pacifists for the stand taken' by. Mr. Stephens. Shortly after the reading of the let ter Senator La Follette announced that he had receelved a copy of the communlcaUon, but that he had not decided whether to read It on the floor of the Senate. Few Pacifists Left. Only a very small group of pa cifists were left, approximately 200. when today' meeting was called, but what they lacked In numbers was made up in the ardor with which they drew up, the'plans for influenc ing Congress, if possible, at the last moment. The first of these plans will be an attempt to Keep the House from adopting a gag rule and thereby rushing through the vote on the President's war message. A committee will visit the acting chairman of the House Rules Com mittee today. The second course of action Is to havrf a committee wait on the Preal dent, as soon as appointment ran be arranged, and attempt to influence him In; the name of peace. When asked to take the leadership of this committee today Dr. David Starr Jordan refused, saying: "I have known the President for more than twenty-five years, but I can think of no common grounds up on which we could possibly meet this week." Continued applause greeted Dr. Jordan's statement. A third plan will be to hold a last lobby this afternoon, carried on by the few remaining pacifists, each of whom will attempt to see as many .Continued on Second Page.) "TOMMIES" TAKE TO GUM American "Nerve Calmer" Common Article In War Trenches. WITH THE BRITISH ARMV IN FRANCE, March 15 (by mall). c hew ing gum has taken the entire British expeditionary force In its clastic em brace, and when the big war is over one more Americanism undoubtedly will have a firm hold on Europe. Whllo trudging across the country recently abandoned by the Germans, In the middle of vast miles of all the muck of modern battlefield, tho one object which more often than any other greeted my eyes uas the wrap per of a stick of cbewfng gum, bear ing the letters, "U. S. A." Canadians brought the Idea to Eng land and France, and other soldiers, appreciating the habit as a sort of nerve calmer, especially where smok ing Is taboo, were quick to follow. COMMONS CHEERS U. S. . Bonar Law Announces Probable Entry In War. LONDON, April 3. A great butburst of cheering greeted announcement in the House of Commons by Chan cellor of the Exchequer Bonar Law today that the British ambassador in Washington had reported his belief Congress "would comply with Presi dent Wilson's recommendations.' Extras and the Public Last night The Times issued a legitimate extra, an extra that gave the news; the President's address in foil, the sinking of the Aztec, the progress of the pacifist meeting, the release of Government employes from the National Guard service, and other up-to-the-moment news. The Evening Star issued a legiti mate extra with the President's message complete and other news. Before either of these extras could "be issued, a morning paper gave away to newsboys thousands of copies of an issue which contained not a word of the text of the President's message which as a matter of fact no newspaper had at that time, and no other news that was not in the regular issues of the afternoon papers. Those who pur chased it were faked and deceived. The fact that the papers were given to the newsboys was no protection to those who purchased them. The issuing of extras by The Times is not a matter of profit It is on the other hand a matter of heavy net expense. But it is a ser vice to its readers which so far it has thought it. well to continue. It has not issued and will not issue an extra unless important news has developed, and it will not, for the sake of gaining a few minutes of time on a competitor, issue a "flash" extra. It will wait until all the news available has been obtained and as far as possible verified. It will during the war period maintain extra time" men at the White House, State, War and Navy De partments, and special telegraph con nections with New York by which the New" York Sun will supplement The Times' own news sources by its great force of special correspond ents. In other words, when you hear newsboys calling "Extra Times" you may be sure that something im portant has happened and that The Times has all the available news re garding it. The foregoing statements art made because it seems fit in the present juncture, when world news may develop at any moment, and special issues of newspapers be pub lished, that the public shall know these facts about extras. WANTS U. S. COAL YARD Congressman Foster Proposes Big Government Yard Here. Establishment of a Government coal yard in the District to supply all Government departments and the District of Columbia with fuel Is pro posed by Chairman Fostor of tho House Committee 6n Mines and Min ing, who today Introduced a resolu tion directing a report by the Secre tary of the Interior on feasibility of the plan. The Foster resolution went to the Mines and Mining Committee and its chairman expects an early report. The Government and the District of Columbia," said Mr. Foster, -"use approximately 225,000 tons of coal each year. This coal Is purchased at varying prices by the various depart ments and sometimes there is a short age and higher prices. I beliova $50,000 to 575,000 can be saved by es tablishing a Government fuel yard which would honor requisitions for fuel by the several departments. This fuel could be purchaed In great quan tities and at lower market figures. YOUNG GERMANARRESTED Reservist Taken on Charge of De faming the President. Charged with defaming tho Presi dent, Walter Goldmacher, a young German reservist, was arrested by Capt C. E. IV Flatherr of the First precinct, at Eleventh street and Penn sylvania avenue northwest, today. Goldmacher admitted using profane language against the President, but protested he did so only when a man in the crowd watching the war map at Eleventh street hurled the same epithet at the Kaiser first. Goldmacher, who Is a cook, said he was on his way to work at a lunch room In G street when he became in volved in the war colloquy. Captain Flather's attention was call ed to the man by David E. Hoke, chief petty officer on one of the ships at the Washington navy yard, who was registered as complainant against Goldmacher. Goldmacher gave his age as twenty- seven, and raid he left Germany six weeks before the war started. He said he was not married, and had no rela tives In the United States. He will be taken to Police Court to morrow. WASHINGTON, SENATE ACTS TO AID WAR PLANS Martin Forces Adjournment Un til Tomorrow to Expedite Con sideration of Resolution. IN TILT WITH LA FOLLETTE Stormy Scene Between Solons as "Willful" Man Again At tempts to Interfere. At 1 o'clock this afternoon Senator Martin of Virginia, Democratic lead er, forced an adjournment of the Sen ate unexpectedly until 10 o'clock to morrow morning. Ho did this for the 1 purpose of expediting consideration of the resolution to declare a state of war against Germany. Senator Martin simply made the motion for an adjournment after Sen ator I-a Follette had objected to con sideration of the war resolution today. An angry and. stormy exchange be tween Senator Martin and Senator La Follette occurred. Senator Martin pleaded with Senator La Follette to forego his objection to the considera tion of the resolution in view of Its momentous character. Senator La Follette was obdurate and called Sen ator Martin to task for trying to lec ture him. To Meet Tomorrow. Chairman Flood of the House Com mittee of Foreign Affairs announced today that his committee would meet tomorrow morning to consider the war resolution. Announcement was made In the House today of Republican commfttee assignments to a number f com mittees who may have work to do In the present emergency. Minority Leader Mann announced that the holdover Republican members of the Foreign Affairs Committee had been selected for reappointment for this session and that the House ratified the selection. This enables the For eign Affairs Committee to proceed to work at once. Republican members of other com mittees who were reappointed Include those assigned to Appropriations, Naval Affairs, Military Affairs, Ways and Means. Judiciary, Merchant Ma rine and Fisheries, Rules, Mileage. Accounts, Printing, and Enrolled Bills. Holdover Republicans on these committees were reassigned and va cancies Will be filled later, as soon as the House Is able to get down to routing business and the completion of all of its committees. More Pointed Than I'ollfe. The session of the Senate from the time La Follette objected to Immedi ate consideration of the war mcaa ure was more pointed than polite. Martin said he thought It unneces sary to alludo to "the tremendous consequences" of the bill. Ho asked La Follette to withdraw his objec tion. LaFoIIette said Martin was trying to lecturo him, and said he had the right under the rules to ask for one day's time. I ask for the regular order. Mr. President," he said, and sat down, grim determination on his fRro. Martin Jumped from his seat In a rage. "I had no Idea of delivering a lec ture,' he said. "I have right to call at- (Contlnued on Second Page.) . READY ToSeTzE "SHIPS Customs Inspectors, Supported By Destroyers, In New York. NEW YORK, April 3. Six hundred customs Inspectors, supported hy tor pedo boat destroyers cleared for ac tion today guarded the twenty seven German self detained essels in this port and prepared to rope with nny trouble growing on of a state war with Germany. At the first hint of any notion of hostility by any of the vessels" crews or word from Washington, Collector of the Port Malone Is prepared to seize the ships. Seizure of the ves sels Is expected to result In similar action simultaneously in all other American ports where German vessels arn tied up. There are fourteen German passen ger esels here, including the giant Vaterland, eleven freighters and two sailing ships. WILSON RELAXES AT GOLF President Goes Round Links Before . Meeting Cabinet. "The morning after" found Presi dent Wilson out on the golf links at an early hour today. Following his usual course to re lleve his mind of momentous prob lems, the President trudged twice around the links and registered an unusually good score. Mrs. Wilson played with him. Returning to the White House shortly before noon, the President dic tated a mass of correspondence until X o'clock, when he had luncheon. He went Into session with the Cabi net at 2:30. TUESDAY EVENING. BEING FORMULATED THREE - YEAR CONFLICT MOTHER HOPES GUNNERISSAFE Mrs. Eopoiucci Anxiously Awaits News of Steamer Aztec's Sinking. WASHINGTON BOY AT GUN Official Report Is Vague as to the Tragedy on Bay of Biscay. In a trim little red brick house at 649 I street southeast, a widowed mother Is today awaiting news of her son, an American bluejacket, on the American steamer Aztec, which was torpedoed off the French coast on Sunday night. She Is Mrs. Annie M. Eopoiucci, mother of John I. Eopoiucci, first class boatswain's mate, who was one of twelve enlisted men under Lieut. William F. Gresham aboard the Altec. No word has come from him 'since he mailed her a post card from New fork a few hours before the ship set our, and his mother's one ray of hope is the dispatch of the French admi ralty, received at the French embassy here last night, saying that apparent ly the armed guard of the vessel had been saved. John is the oldest of three sons. He Is now In his twenty- ninth year, and he has been In the navy twelve years. -Jonn iert home 'here on the 13tr of April," said Mrs. Eopoiucci todav as she bravely recalled the last hour spent with her son. "I Went to th railroad station with him. I knew h. and.hls companions were golngto New" Tork, but their purpose was kept secret- Father Was Marine Bandsman. "A few days later a post card came from him. It was written at the Y. M. C. A. and read: We sail tonight. Hope for the best and hope to make good. Do not write until you hear from me Since that I have heard nothing, and I did not know where, he was until I read In the paper that his ship had been sunk." Although the Epolouccl name Is iiauan, the ramlly Is all American born. Tho father of the family was for many yearn a member of the united states .Marine Band. He died several years ago, after having been retired. John Kpolouccl enlisted In the navy snomy Derore ttie American fleet was sent on its memorable cruise around the world, and has served continually ever since. Up to noon today the Navy Depart ment had received no official word as to the fate of Lieutenant Gresham and the twelve enlisted men from the Dolphin who manned the guns on the Aztec. Navy Department officials had only unofficial reports that Lieutenant Gresham and members of the crew were saved, but there was no official report from the officer In command. .All tho gun crew served on the Dolphin. Secretary Daniels' yacht, which is stationed at tho Washing ton Navy Yard, and were sent from Washington to man the two guns on the Aztec after President Wilson's armed .neutrality policy was decided upon. The Ambassador's Report. Twenty-eight were missing from the Aztec, according to tho last report received by the State Department fsom Ambassador Sharp 'at Paris.' This report, dated 5 p. in., yesterday, said: "The foreign office haa Just inform ed mo that the American steamer Aztec was torpedoed at p. m. last night far out at sea oft the Island of Ushant; that one boat from the steamer haV been found with nineteen survivors, who were landed at Brest this afternoon. Twenty eight per sons ore still missing, and although two patrol vessels arc sureliing for them .the stormy condition of sea and weather renders their rescue doubtful. Tim foreign office Is not Informed of the names of survivors. Will cable further details as soon as obtalnuble." Lieutenant Gresham. the commis sioned officer In charge of the- Aztec gun crew, is well known In official and social circles here. He Is tlilr.y three ears old. and was appointed to tho Naval Academy from Tennes see In ItiOl In addition to Boatswain's Mate Eopoiucci the enlisted gun crew was composed of James F. Blevlns. of Carter county, Tennessee! Thomas E. Dillon, or Jersey City; William It. Douglas, of Terra Haute, Ind.; Adolf Henrlckson, of Minneapolis; Jacob Hilfiker, of Baltimore; Samuel Israel, of Kellerman, Ala.; Clarence Kelly, of Trenton, N. J.; Joseph Klewlnsky, of Newburg, W. Va.. William F. Ro mlnger, of EUzabethton, Tenn.; Jo seph A. Rucker, of Roanoke. Ala.; and Clarence W. Whitney, of Cincinnati. .$25,000 HOME BURNS. CLAYTON, N. J., April 3. Five buildings. Including the quarter-mil-lion-dollar residence of Wilson Moore, and thirty automobiles, were destroy ed by fire of unknown origin here early today. APRIL 3, 1917. SENATE ACTION TWENTY-EIGHT STILL MISSING OF CREW OF STEAMER AZTEC Twenty-eight persons are Btfll rnissinjr from the torpedoed Ameri can steamer Aztec, according to a dispatch from Ambassador Sharp to the State Department today. One boat has been picked up 'with nineteen survivors, who were landed at Brest yesterday afternoon. The Aztec was torpedoed far out at sea off the Island of Ushan. The cable reads: "Foreign office informs me American steamer Aztec torpedoed 9 p. m. last night (Sunday) far out at sea off the Island of Ushan; that one boat from the steamer has been found with nineteen sur vivors who were landed this afternoon at Brest. Twenty-eight still are missing and although two patrol vessels are searching for them, the stormy condition of sea and weather render their rescue doubtful. "The foreign office is not informed of the names of survivors. Will .cable further details soon as possible." TO USE $18,000,000 ON n. S. SHIPYARDS Navy Department -Will Spend Emergency Appropriation ' At Once. The Navy Department Immediate ly will spend the $18,000,000 emerg ency appropriation for Increased navy ard facilities as follows: At Portsmouth, N. IL, facilities for he Immediate construction of ten iibmarlnes. New York, one slip for the construc lon of a capital battleship, and, addl lonal machine shops, $3,000,000. Philadelphia, two slips and shops, bout $0,000,000. Norfolk, one slip and shops, about 1,000,000. Pugct Sound and Mara Island, snip i ays. T' T.lkl. Am. ivIh.h ,.,. .. ... . ..a ..uli'MJ,, no, jitiru uufc . w . ,.- tion on the Great Lakes. GERMANS FIGHT GUARD Sailor Try to Wrest Rifle From Baltimore Soldier. BALTIMORE, April 3. German sailors from the steamer Symra, moored at Canton, were in a clash' with men of the Fourth Regiment early today when two of their num ber, spesklng German, were chal lenged by a guardsman. They attacked him and attempted to wrest his rifle from him. The guardsman shouted for tjelp and the eallgrs also called to their comrades on-the ship. Twelve sailors answered and other soldiers hastened to the pier. Shots were fired, the guardsmen subduing the'sallors. Two sailors were arrested. They gave the names of Bernard Lawson and II. Von Herrlck, and will be given a hearing tills afternoon. GERMANS FORM KU KLUX N. Y. Hyphenate Threatens Senator Ashurst With Destruction. Ten thousand men aro already sworn Into a Ku Klux Klan to destroy; those "who make blood profit from war," according to a telegram sent to Senator Ashurst by K. II. Llebelm, a German-American constituent. The telegram, which was sent from New York, says: "Prevention of war seems hopeless. Pcopre overwhelmingly oppose war, but capitalist, press, and ally bond holders confrol Government. Over 10,000 men already into Ku Klux Klan to destroy thnso who make blood profit from war. "If u must vote declaring war, for God's sake Include PInchot plan of profit conscription or face revo lution beside which Russian was picnic. Government must take over all railroads, telegraphs, mines, muni tion plants, and food at physical value. "If plan not adopted I have pledged myself to help hang or otherwise destroy as traitors all who make profit out of war. Including Congress men who vote against wealth con scription. We are ready to die for our country." AIDED JOHN P., DIES POOR Pennsylvanlan Gave Rockefeller Start In Life. HOLLIDAYSnURG. l'n., Apr' .".. Daniel J. Clark, seventy-five years old, who gave John I). Rockefeller his start In life. Is dead at Williamsburg. Clark and Rockefeller were fellow oil prospectors at Oil City, Pa., in 18C0. Rockefeller was reduced to penury because none of his wells produced oil. Clark lent htm $20 to tide over, and the fortune of Rockefeller was In the ascendent from that day. Rock efeller became the richest man In America, and Clark died in obscurity and poverty. MEASLES ON INCREASE. Twenty-six additional cases of measles were reported to the Health Department today. The total number under treat ment Is 3S2. Report, was made of ten recoveries MR, UNANIMOUS BEHIND PRESIDENT District Members Pledge Their Loyalty Amid Patriotic Setting. Amid a patriotic setting In the audi torium of Memorial Continental Hall, the District members-of the Daugh ters of the American Revolution today unanimously pledged their "loyalty and support" to President .Wilson In the stand 'he has taken, and offered him their services In any capacity he may' be able to use them. The meeting was called to order this morning to transact the annual business of the organization, but bar! tore rputtne mature were taken up the resolution in support of the Presi dent was offered by tut, Frank roster Qreenawalt, former State-regent, and seconded by Mrs. Isaac Pearson. It carried amid enthusiastic ap plause. Profusely Decorated. Never had the hall been more pro fusely decorated with the national colors, and, though the convention soon settled down to the work of hear ing reports, there was a strong under current of patrotic feeling everywhere manirest. The meeting, which wasQ called to order by Mrs. Galus M. Brumbaugh, State regent, at 10 o'clock, was re sumed this afternoon, and the con cluding session will be held tomorrow. Late this afternoon the election o'f State regent and State vice reg'ent will be held and there will be a nomi nation for vice president general for the District. So far.no opposition has developed to the candidacy o. Mrs. Brumbaugh to succeed herself as .State regent. The candidates fir State vice regent are expected to Include Mrs. Vida Clementson and Miss Mary R. Wil cox. The names of Mrs. Wallace W. Hanger and Miss Dorlnda Rogers probably will be offered for the nomi nation of vice president general. The national convention elects this of ficer. Order of Dnsrneaa. Committee reports and proposed minor changes in the constitution and by-laws will be the order of business tomorrow morning and in the after noon the remaining State officers will be elected. The list of candidates will Include Mrs. Frederick W. Matteson for re cording secrttary: Mrs. Harry C. Oberholeer for corresponding, secre tary, Mrs. Fred I Volland for treas urer, Mrs. A. W. Trescott for his. torlan, and Mrs. M. St. Clair Black burn for chaplain. DOUBLE VICTORY FOR LODGE Senator Jaunty After Winning Physically and Mentally. As he stepped Jauntily Into the room of the Committee on Foreign Relations today Senator Henry Cabot Lodge was tendered congratulations by nearly every Senator. For yes terday was a big day for the Sen ator. Despite his burden of sixty-seven yrars he met and vanquished a pacif ist In a hand to-hand encounter. Then last night the President did as Ixjdge. has been advocating for some months. Therefore the congratulations and Jauntlne.su. RESTS WJTHJIARRANZA U. S. Attitude Toward Mexico De pends on Development. President Wilson will let well enough alone In Mexico, unless Car- ransa becomes actively anti-American. This was tho belief here today, al though officials refused comment. Although Carranxa. as far as the Administration has revealed, has not yet answered this Government's quer ies as to his attitude regarding the Zlmmermann-Japan-Mexlco plot sug gestion, surrace indications point to him remaining friendly toward the United States. If, however, Carranza should de velop unfriendliness In any form, it is clearly understo-d the United States would deal promptly and forcefully with him, to end any danger to the nation from that source. PRICE ONE CENT. DEFENSE BODY TAKESDPTHREE MAINPROBLEMS Secretary Baker Goes Into Con ference With Advisory Com .mission of Council. , FOOD CONTROL SUGGESTED Universal Service, of Bath In dustrial and Military Nature, Also Considered. AMSTERDAM, April 3-The central powers are planning: a new peace offer, the Berlin Lokal Anzeiger stated ikk afternoon. (Secretary of War Baker and the ad visory commission of the Council of Na tional Defense, ore today discussing: Warv plans ona basts of three years of conflict. Suggestions for food control for the nation. Universal service not merely univer sal military service In the nation's in terest. In some form. These three vital projects were car ried Into the Defense Council's session with Secretary Baker today by Samuel Gompers. head of the committee on labor. They were decided .on as th most immediate projects to be njtrnnd ot at arjneeaag .of. theitabor committee' attended by Secretary- ot Labor Wilson. Director aifford. of the council : Howard Coffin, in charga of the munitions mm. ml t tee, and other members of the coun cil's advisory commission. Three-Tear Baals. It was admitted officially today that every detail of this Government's part In the war must be considered on the three-year basis; that "a seri ous struggle is ahead;" that tho health and individual effort of the nation must be therefore conserved, and directed with this fact tit view; that labor's part will be vast In a war that has demanded In a few months the same amount of labor nro- ducllon that former wars havs re quired in a year. Three million to five million men will probably be raised for America's armies. At least one Cabinet member wants 3.000,000 anyway: army men recom mend up to 5.000.000. -Tie process will be to get them in groups of 500.000 as rapidly as they can be officered. Chairman Chamberlain, of the. Sen ate Military Committee, says the In crements can be obtained at an an nual expense of J156.000.000 each: the general staff, however, estimates a far higher amount. War Measures Vp. Here are the war measures that will be shoved -through within a few hours after the war resolution Is passed. Most of them are bills that failed In the last session of Congress. The House will euspmd the rules trf pas tnese bills quickly and make the mil- lions of dollars available at once. The bills and the amounts they car ry are: The army appropriation bill, carry ing $247,061,000 In round numbers. The general deficiency bill, carrv. Ing 162,508,000. The bill to sudsIv merchant shins with arms, carrying $100,000,000. - ne sundry civil aporoDrlatlon bill. carrying J13S.300.000. The military academy bilL carrvlnsr 11.340,000. The espionage bill. "YE0W0MEN" GIVEN DUTY Washington Women Who Enlisted Are Phone Operators. Eight Washington women who en listed In the naval reserve to "do their bit" In the war with Germany took up their duties as "yoewomen" at the Navy Department today. The eight patriotic members of the fair sex. ranging from young girls in their teen to matrons, who thus set an example to the sterner sex. were assigned as telephone operators In the office of naval communications. They were. Miss Mary R. Smith, the Highlands; Miss Agnes B. Caton. the Avondale; Miss Ihrle. the Farragut; Mrs. Har rington. 100! Sixth stre" southwest: Mrs. C. Allen. 1S01 E street southeast; Mrs. E. Yickery. Miss Simons. 11 Thirteenth street northeast, and Mrs. E. Ruls. Navy Department officials said the enlistment of these women supplies all the enlisted personnel the Navy needs at present. As telphon opera tors the eight yoewomen. aided by three civilian clerks already on duty. will work at a new J.5.000 switch board Installed In the office of naval communications which gives the Navy Department direct communication with every navy yard and shore sta tion in the country. a J.