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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, April 04, 1917, COMPLETE AFTERNOON EDITION, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST:
Fair Tonight
(Full Report on Page Two)
COMPLETE
AFTERNOON EDITION
With 1:30 Wall Strart.
NUMBER 10,125.
WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 4, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.,
-.-; sx27mpi&!&-' &;"
GERMAN DASH
TO SEA FOILED
.Secret Service Bares Plan of.
Ninety-one Liners to
Escape.
WOULD AID SUBMARINES
Neckar, At Baltimore, Cleared
With Supplies for Under
Sea Boats.
A suspected plan -for one of the
ninety-one German merchant vessels
In American ports to dash out to Sea
with supplies for German submarines
was uncovered by thu Secret Service
today.
Steps have been taken to prevent
such aid reaching- enemy submarines,
although the Navy Department and
Coast Guard Service officials are si
lent as to the extraordinary precau
tions.
Drastic action followed discovery
that the Neckar, a vessel owned by
the North German Lloyd, had cleared
at the Baltimore port and that her
cargo, as listed In the clearance
papers, consisted of separate subma
rine parts and other supplies for
aubsea craft.
Brought In Dentsehland.
Suspicions of the Federal authori
ties were aroused when it developed
that the prospective cargo had been
unloaded at the Baltimore docks
from the submarine freighter,
Deutschland, last July, and that a
withdrawal, of entry had been made
by the so-called "owners."
Although Secret Service men have
had the Deutschland cargo under the
strictest survellan.ce for months noth
ing could be done officially to prevent
Its reshlpment on a vessel of Ger
man nationality in viewv of, the
absence of a state of war existing
between Germany and the United
States, with the withdrawal of the
entry within the past week, and the
clearance of the Neckar, however, the
'vigil over cargo and the vessel has
been redoubled and action taken to
foil the suspected plot.
Cleared fer Bremen.
In the application for clearance of
the Neckar the destination was given
s "Bremen, Germany, the home port
or the .Deutschland. This fact "alone'
threw suspicion on the' pretentions of
those arranging for the departure of
"the Neckar from the American port,
as It is known that a. veritable ring
of fast cruisers has been thrown
round the mouth of Chesapeake Bay.
The Neckar is a vessel with a gross
tonnage of 9.835, and has a speed of
fourteen knots. Her'passenger ca
pacity Is 1,920, whileiher crew con
sists of 170 officers and men.
Administration officials are making
no charges or comment about the re
markable exploit planned by those
who arranged for the Neckar to run
the British and French blockade, but
It was evident today that any plot
against neutrality or the safety of
this country will not materialize.
AdVlces from Baltimore are to the
effect that the operations about the
Neckar have been clouded by deep
mystery to port officials. Acting on
Instructions from the Treasury De
partment, the surveyor of the port or
his subordinates have not divulged
the slightest Information. The same
seal of silence has been placed on
customs officials here.
German Agitata Active.
German agents are known to have
been active In Baltimore, as well as In
Philadelphia, but Secret Service men
and Department of Justice operatives
have kept close watch on German sus
pects and representatives of the inter
ests owning the German vessels In those
ports.
In the port of Baltimore, besides the
Neckar, are the, Bulgaria, a easel with
a gross tbnnsge of 11.440 tons, owned
by the Hamburg-American syndicate
and the Rheln. with a tonnage of 10.
0SS tons, owned by the North German
Lloyd. Although hampered by lack of
authority, the Federal authorities are
keeping close watch on them.
With a formal declaration of the
existence of a state of war between
the United States and Germany will
come simultaneously action by this
Government for the confiscation of
vessels of German nationality now in
American porta. There are now
ninety-one such vessels. Including
large passenger liners and smaller
ships suitable as war auxiliaries and
supply ships.
War vessels likewise will be seized.
It is surmised by those In a position
to predict. Warships actually Intern
ed are the Prlnx EiteTFrledrich, cruis
er, and Kronprlnz Wilhelm. cruiser,
both at Norfolk, Vs.; the Geler, gun
boat, and Locksun, naval transport,
both at, Honolulu, and the submarine
K-D 3 at San Juan. Porto Itlcc
WAR PAINT F0RU. S. LINERS
Neither Flags Nor Identifying Marks
to Be Shown.
The war paint of American steam
ships will be sea gray. The Orleans,
first American freighter to go un
armed through the German submarine
son to Bordeaux, will have the Stars
and Stripes on her sides painted over,
and when she sails hence, armed, will
look like a merchantman of any other
belligerent.
Red, white and blue decorations
make fine targets. There will be
nothing to IdenUfy American liners
and freighters, not fven flags flying
f- "l taffralls, after Congress decides
i re at war with Germany.
HAVENITH SEE8 PRESIDENT.
E. Haven lth, retired Belgian minis
ter to the United States, called on
President Wilson this afternoon to
say good by. Havenlth's successor to
the post is now en route to this country.
GERMANY DENIES IT
BROKE TREATY.
Germany, In & communication
addressed to tho United States
through the Swiss minister, has
challenged the assertion that the
German government has violated
the treaties of 1785, 1799. and 1828.
American citizens, said the note,
may freely leave Germany and for
the most part have already done
so.
The note declares the U-boat
warfare does not contravene the
provision of article 12 of the
treaty qf 1785. and article 13 of the
treaty of 1799, since they do not
oppose blockade, or obstructions
'similar to the blockade.
WILSON'S DEFAMER
18 GIVEN 180 DAYS
German Fined and Jailed for Be
ing Intoxicated and Curs
ing the President.
What it costs to get intoxicated'
and defame the President:
To being intoxicated:
$75 or 90 days
To cuss the President:
$25 or 60 days
On general principles:
30 days
A fine of J23 with an alternative
of spending sixty days In Jail was
imposed -on Walter Goldmacher. Ger
man reservist, charged with defam.
ing the President, by Judge llullowny
today.
In addition Goldmacher was ar
raigned ona charge of intoxication
and was fined 875 with an alternative
of spending ninety daya in Jail, an
additional stipulation being that he
must serve thirty days in Jail re
gardless of any fine paid.
Arrested Testerday.
The reservist was arrested by Cap
tain FlSther Of th. VItm n j.1..,..
yesterday, and his sentence on the
charge of Intoxication was one of tha
heaviest ever given In a similar ease,
Lato- this af ternooah-had.'nor uaift
1.1, M b ' i
Goldmacher entered a plea W not
lullty on the charge of defaming- the
President. He said he was at
fileventh street and Pennsylvania
avenue whenshe heard David CTTakn.
nafie heard David E. Hake,
chief machlftlst'a mate. U. S. S.
iim.LS male. U. H. a. I
Triton, use vile epithets with resnect
to the Kaiser. He said he cautioned j
-ir.ir- ... . i .C '
S?'if 'Si"' SifSV. ""'i"?
that if Hake called the Kaiser such
names he would have to call the
I'resiaent the same names.
Goldmacher explained he had lived
In this country since a few weeks
before the European war started.
The Judge called Goldmacher sharp
ly to task:
What Da Yoa Mean?
"What do you mean," said the court,
"by defaming the man who is head
of the country that is putting bread
In your mouth r If you have no more
respect for the President than you
have shown go back to Germany.
"Why aren't you fighting for Ger
many now If you use such language
with respect to the President of the
country In which you are earning a
living?"
Judge Mullowny, with much feel
ing. Imposed the thirty-day absolute
sentence, adding the other sentences
in the intoxication and defamation
cases.
HOUSE IS BESIEGED
Great Throng of Tourist Tries to
Hear War Debate.
Tourists and Washincrtonlann hnn.
dreds of them went to the Capitol
;oaay seexing admission to the gal
leries of Congress. The oratorical
fireworks were expected on the Sen
ate side, but thin did not give the
House doorkeepers an easv dsv.
The House galleries were opened at
11 o'clock. An hour before this the
corridors were lined with expectant
men ana women, with women pre
lominatlng. When the doors were thrown onen
there was a great rush toward the
seats Inside. The public galleries
filled Immediately, and there was
walling among the outsiders because
the private galleries could not be in
vaded. Throughout the earlier hours
of the House session the corridor
visitors stood in line hoping that
someone Inside would tire of the
proceedings and furnish a vacant
seat.
FLAGS DECORATE OFFICE
Water Registrar's Clerks Display
Star and Stripes.
A wave of patriotism struck the
office force of George W Wallace.
water registrar, today, and a tiny flag
of Stars and Stripes was perched on
every desk in the big room on the
first floor of the District Building
when he arrived at work.
The water department boia have
changed the name of their office to
. -i.,,, ,va...avo.
THE SECRETS of the HOHENZOLLERNS
begins In Next
Sunday's Times
FINAL DEFEAT
FOR PACIFISTS
House Foreign Affairs Com
mittee Refuses to Grant
Them a Hearing.
MANY INDIVIDUAL SETBACKS
Senators and Congressmen
Alike Refuse to Hear
Propagandists.
With the refusal of ithe House
Foreign Affairs Committee to grant
them a hearing today and numerous
like refusals by. Congressmen and
Senators to promise to support any
thing but President Wilson's message,
a final and stinging defeat was given
to the Emergency Peace Federation
and allied bodies, who for three days
have been carrying on a third-trench
fight In tho name. of peace.
With, hope running high for Influ
encing members of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee to vote against war
at the last minute, the few remain
ing pacifists went to the Capitol this
morning and endeavored to obtain a
hearing before the committee. The
excuse by members of the committee.
however, was that they were "too
busy."
Sent In desolations.
Unable to gain admittance to the
committee meeting, six or seven of
the pacifists gathered outside the door
and sent In copies of certain resolu
tions adopted by them at the Monday
night's mass meeting by Congressman
Shackelford, one of the twu Daclflst
rSembers of the committee.
James Bads How, the "millionaire
hobo" from St. Louis, Is the latest
pacifist arrival. He Is here to repre
sent the central committee of Justice
and peace of Chicago. Tonight, he
stated, he will hold a meeting at 811
u street nortnwest, and an pacifists
and others have been Invited to hear
stirring addresses on peace.
Mr. How will put in the day at the
Capitol, doing some lobbying to pre
vent Congressmen from voting for
universal military training.
The registration headquarters of 'the
pacifists, at 1221 Pennsylvania avenue,
Wen. eln-t ahm-t. ,.. ...I...
' Louis P. Lochner. In charge of the
1 peace demonstrations here, stated that
the lease on the hnlMinr .tni, -
rosy. andTflB-dld-tJorsee" fit to renew" IC
I a... . . ait
Dlfferent from the dlssaoolntment
which reigned among the ranks of the
pacifists today was the enthusiasm of
the members of the pilgrimage of pa-
triotlsm. who gathered for a short time
nt ,. pkm. ti..i .. .
at the Ebbltt Hotel this morning and
marie la.f .mlntit -.1,. e- - ...1.-.-
up" victory.
" jo n. i-eigmon, wno 1!
?' a delegation of the non-paclf.
Prof. Joseph H. Letghton, who Is
Iset to Washington, from Columbus,
Ohio, stated today that everv member
of the Congressional delegation from
Ohio had promised full support of the
President's war measure. Other "Pil
grims,' who have been lobbying for
the past two days, said they had met
with unqualified success on all hands,
with the exception of one or two
doubtful Congressman all who had
been Interviewed were willing to sup
port the President in his war speech.
Will Stay Here.
The non pacifists who are In the
city today will remain In Washington
until Congress adopts Its war resolu
tion. Not until then will they make
their exit.
It Was a rather quiet and rather
disappointed atmosphere which pre
vailed the headquarters of the Em
ergency Peace Federation before It
closed this morning. About thirty
pacifists out of the 5,000 claimed to
have been here were present. Miss
Elizabeth Freeman with Index cards
In her hand, bustled about securing
volunteers for the last lobby.
Alexander HannwnrL nf rtn.tnn
who was arrested Monday following
his fist cuffs with Senator Lodge, and
who was asked yesterday to-keep his
theories of standing behind the Prcsi
dent to himself, when he began air
ing them among the pacifists, was
among those present this morning.
Rubbing a swollen and blackened
eye, one of tho several souvenirs of
his fight at tho Capitol, he refrained
from any general argument, but in
slated on putting his views very
quietly before the one or two who
listened.
Volunteers Again.
When Miss Freeman asked for vol
unteers from Massachusetts to Inter
view Massachusetts Congressmen, Mr
Bannwart Jumped to his feet, his
blackened eye lighting with the glory
of service, and volunteered.
Miss Freeman gave him one clanre
and his services were not accepted.
tenner am ne receive thanks for of
fering them. Undaunted, Mr. Bann
wart will attempt to see some Con
gressmen on his own "hook." Several
pacifists expressed the hope that he
will hereafter keep out of war wltn
Congressmen.
WILSON TULIPS BLOOMING.
Mrs. Wilson's tulips are now hlnnm.
Ing on the White House lanns.
It Is recalled that when she planted
the bulbs last fall before the election
In the confident belief that she
would be in the White House this
spring to enjoy them there Was con
siderable merriment among some Ite
nublican leaders.
r r
Written By
Count Ernst von Heltzendorff
Late Personal Adjutant to the German Crown Prince
STONE OPPOSES WAR RESOLUTION
VQTE ON MEASURE WILL NOT BE
REACHED BEFORE TOMORROW NOON
STAFF OPPOSES
OFFER OF T. R.
Army Heads Declare Volunteer
Force Would Not Be
Serviceable.
SAY POLITICS WOULD RULE
Plan 'of Former Presidents
Raiser Division Is Up to
Wilson.
Colonel Roosevelt's) plan of raising
a division of American volunteers for
service In the trenches of France will
be rejected If President Wilson Is
guided by the advice of the general
staff of the army.
The opinion of the general staff Is
that the war with Germany should be
prosecuted by an army raised under
the universal service plan, and not by
volunteers. '
President Wilson is armed with au
thority" under the term of the pend
ing war resolution, officials believe,
to call for volunteers, in addition to
raising an army under the universal
service plan.
But the army opposes this plan. It
may be stated on authorltty that the
army plan to be submitted by Secre
tary of War Baker and the General
Staff, after Congress passes the war
resolution, will provide a way by
which all officers and men who would
offer their services under the volun
teer plan may offer their services for
the emergency under the universal
service plan.
JT o Legislative Authority Now.
Colonel Roosevelt's application for
permission to raise a division of vol
unteers, which carries with It a com
mission for him as major general, now
is on file la the office of SHnim ne
var-saicer.. ! .. l. .
-
The application has' been eVn-
ledged in a letter in which Colonel
itooseveii was told there Is no present
legislative auuioritv for nn-.nii..
his offer. When Congress passes the
pending war resolution there will bo
such legislative authority, and if win
then be up to President' Wilson to
ueiermine wneuer he wishes to avail
himself of It
General staff opinion Is unanimous
that the volunteer system Is a fail
ure, that It bring politics Into army
administration, and that Its adoption
In a war of the magnitude of this
war with Germany would be disas
trous. There Is also strongest opposition
In the army to any plan of sending an
American army to France at this
time.
It will be six months after Con
gress acts and the first troops are
enrolled under universal service be
'ore any new army could be consid
ered as other than a training force,
't would be suicidal, army officers
'nslst. to send any such partially
'rained force to the European battle
.lines, because this force could not be
if real use until It had another six
nonths training behind the trenches,
wd furthermore because any force,
ven as large as 600,000. would be
nflnlteslmal as compared with the
26.000,000 men fighting In the world
war
.Months of Training Needed.
No matter how strong the agitation
may become for the Immediate send
Ing of an army to France after the
actual declaration of an existing stste
of war, the army heads are deter
mined to oppose it. They want to be
gin by placing 500.000 men In train
ing unrVr universal service, as asked
for by the President In his message.
ana they want to follow till, by add
Ing constantly to the men under train
Ing until they have 3.000,000 men.
which will require months and months
of preparation. It will then be time,
these army chiefs believe, to discuss
plans for an overseas contingent.
WATER TANK WRECKS STORE
At Least Five Missing After Bal
timore Accident.
BALTIMOHE. April . Between
five and eight persons. Including
David Halle, a member of the firm, are
missing and believed dead, by the col
lapse of a water tank en the roof of
the building, of Halle Sons,- Jobbers
In shoe findings.
The tank toppled without warning
and crashed through sl floors to the
cellar of the big building. Thousands
of gsllons of water were relented and
many persons carried along In the
flood. The fire department was called
out and the Injured removed to hospitals.
LEWIS AND VARD AMAN DECLARE
READINESS TO JOIN ARMY
"I will do as I did in the
Spanish 'war, If we get into
actual hostilities; I will offer;
my services,' said Senator
James Hamilton Lewis today.
Senator Lewis, in the House
when the Spanish war opened,
was a colonel of a national
guard regiment and- gave up
his seat in Congress to serve in
Cuba and Porto Rico.
"If we get into actual war,
I am ready to go," said Senator
Lewis. "It will be some months,
before we enter into serious
action."
CAR STRIKE INQUIRY
IS URGEQIN SENATE!
Senator Hughes Offers Resolu
tion Calling for Immediate
Investigation. '
A resolution calling for an imme
diate Investigation of the strike which
has existed on the lines of the Wash -
Ington Railway and Electric Company
for twenty-four' daya was offered In
the Senate today by Senator Hughes
of New Jersey.
The resolution 'Is coudhed In sub
stantially the same phraseology as
the one Senator Hughes offered sev
eral days after the strike began, early.
In March, but which falled'of adoption
because of adjournment. Tha resolu
tion, asks that the causa of the. strike
ibe. investigated" andTho-Teasons for
Its jcontlnuance ascertained by the
probers. The resolution was referred
to the Senate District Committee.
Ilesolutloas In Ilense.
Similar resolutions have been offer-
ed in the House by Congressmen J
Cary and Clarkson. while Congress- i assistant, motor truck masters and
man Crosser Is expected to Introduce j"ltnt. motorcyclists, overseersof
a bill providing for Government own- 'bo,r. Pinter, painters forenffn
ershlp and operation of the local Pk. (Pack train), pack masters
traction systems within the next few nd foremen, plumbers foremen, sad
days. Similar bills have been reported ! dlr" foremen, and saddlers stable
favorably to the House by the DIs- i
trlct Committee on two occasions.
and another favorable report Is ex
pected at this session.
The strikers welcomed the new
that Senator Hughes had Offered his
resolution, and predicted that in In
vestigation would be ordered before
many days.
"We have everything to gain and
nothing to lose by an Investigation,'
said George A. Wilburt, president of
the strikers' union.
Holds Company to Blame.
"An investigation will disclose the
fact that we have stood ready from
the first, before the strike was de
clared and even now, to discuss a set
tlement of the controversy between
tho company and the men. Responsi
bility for the strike rests with the
company, and that will be clearly
shown by the Investigation."
Disbursement of tho second "strike
benefit" among the strikers was be
Tn todsy by a committee hesded by
Frank O'ehSa. of the Amalgamated
Vssoclatlon of Street and Electric
Railway Employes of America.
Immediately upon receipt of a check
for 5,505 from the headquarters of
the parent union In Detroit. O'Shea
-ashed it and went to the picket lines
round the various barns and handed
to each of the strikers a S3 biiL The
-strike benefit" of 15 a week will be
paid to earh man who walked out as
long sa the strike lasts, according to
O'Shea. .
TRAPS DUCKS; FINED $15,000.
ALBANY. N. Y., April 4. Henry C
Phipps today- paid the State conserva
tion ccinmisslon 115,000 In settlement
-it fines against him of Illegally trap
olng wild ducks at his estate at Wan
tagh. Long Island. State game pro
tectors raided the estate February
Z0, when 412 live and twenty-five dead
wild ducks were seized.
WHEAT AT $2 NOW.
1-iiH.Aiiu, April 4. iwo dollar I
wu bmu mi v ugly, t oi-1
lowing yesterday's election holiday.
the grain market opened with sharp
gains. May wheat selling at J2 and
12.01 per bushel.
155 NORSE 8HIPS SUNK.
CI1RISTIAN1A. April 4. Since Jan
uary 1, 155 Norwegian ships, of a
total tonnage of 243.000 have fallen
victims of submarine warfare, with a
total loss of life of sixty-nine Norwe
glon citizens. It waa announced to
day. I
"I want to tell you now that
the people who want this war,
if they will go as far as I, will
render the country some serr
iee. I was major in the Fifth
United States Volunteers. I
served for nine months in
Cuba.- I intend to go into the
army again if they'll take me,
once the war is on in. earnest."
So spoke Senator Varflaman t
of Mississippi as he answered
attacks upon him growing out'
of an episode in the cafe of a
Washington hotel last night
when the band played "The
Star-Spangled Banner" and lie
remained seated at his table.
ARMY CALLSFOR
20,000 ARTISANS
War Department Issues Appeal
to Fill Quartermaster's
Corps for War. -
The War Department today Issued
an appeal for 20,000 artisans to fill
; up the quartermaster's enlisted re
'serve 'corps for war time service.
The department wishes Immediately
to begin training the men.
The men are to be given their
rank now, to be subject to active
service at the President's calL
The following trades are called
upon: - j
Bakers, blacksmiths, butchers- car-
godors (men . for loading pack.
irains;, carpenters, carpenter Tore
men;" chsufreurs,-t checkers "cferks.
cooks, electricians and helpers, steam
engineers, farriers, forage masters,
horseshoers, horse trainers, laborers,
machinists and helpers, brick and
stone masons, mechanics and helpers
(automobile), motor car masters and
"'", -"-".. -."-
typewriters, wagon masters, and as
sistants, watchmen, and wheelrights.
The pay In the quartermaster's
enlisted force ranges from $15 tu
190 a month. ,
The War Department requested
the press to give publllcty to this
appeal
Uncertain Aspect.
It Is because of the necessarily un
certain aspects df the military prob
lem that the Government la taking
all possible contingencies into con
sideration and laying its plans for
the raising, training, and equlplng
of a large army on the basis of a
j inree-year war.
nrai in importance is me question
of how to get the men. First of all,
as proposed by the President, the
War Department is to raise the exist
ing military forces the regular
standing army and the national
guard to their full war stre'ngth of
270.000 and 440,000 troops, respective
ly thereafter Immediately proceed
ing to raise on the universal service
plan or conscription the additional
Increment of 600,000.
In view of the complications of re
cruitlng that would arise If the three
units were raised on different bases.
it need not be surprising If the War
Department, In submitting Its plans,
were to propose the conscription, or
universal service, basis for all three,
fixing the age limits as between
twenty-one and forty years.
Next la Importance.
Next in Importance Is the matter of
equipment, and here the plans of the
National Council of Defense are ex
pected to come to an early test. Act
ing In an auxiliary capacity to the
National Council Is an advisory board
made up of representatives from each
State, who for months have been
i gathering data as to the productive
. pn-iftlH.. nf their State fnr Wtte mn
terlais. within the next day or
two representatives of the various
shoe manufacturing establishments
throughout the country, for example,
are to meet with the National Council
and submit plans for Immediately
supplying ttyi Government with all
the Government shoes that will be
needed.
In similar fashion the council will
undertake to co-ordinate on the most
efficient and economical basis the
food supply industries so that there
may be no repetition of the scandals
of 1S08.
Begins In Next
Sunday's Times
STIRRINGSGENES
INTJPPERHOUSE
Hitchcock, Swanson and Lodge
Wake Patriotic Appeals for
Administration Program.
TIME FOR DEEDS, NOT TALK
Hoyse Committee Reports War
Resolution As Adopted
By Senate.
Warlike In spirit, with burnter
word of patrloUsm, with evidence of
solemn realization of tha momentous
nature of.iu coarse, tho Senate of
tho United States today took up tha
Anal consideration of tho resoluUoa
declaring war against tha Imperial
German government.
Galleries were thronged to tha
limit-and hosts of visitors war
turned away from witnessing scenes
In the Senate chamber certain to be
remembered In futurs years as his
toric Not since the dark daya of
1861 has the Capitol seen an-rU,!..
like it.
8t In Station By Bltekeoefc.
The war resolution waa set in rao
Uon by Senator Hitchcock of Ne
braska a few minutes after 10 o'clock
this mornlnr and it wilt be driven
to passage in a continuous day and
night sitting. In tho crisis faclns
the nation, partisanship U forgotten.
The House 'Foreign Committee voted
favorably upon the Senate amended war
resolution, and leaders served notJco
that the measure would come up to
morrow for passage
.." ""lection, arises Rvwffl b"foree-
Two pacifists', peace-at-aay-prica to tha
last. Cooper and Shackleford, voted
against the resolution.'
A vote on tha resolution late to
night Is a bare possibility.
Senate and House will have passed
the war measure by tomorrow or Frl- '
day and before the week ends tha
war formally will be on. Actually, it
has already opened and the state of
war exists aa much as if Congress
vmscu its veraicu
Still struggling against a declara
tion of war, a small, group of pacifist
Senators today held out against bel-.
ltgerent action.
A resolution designed to postpone
war with Germany and give her a
chance to change her present method-
was Introduced In the Senate
between speeches by Senator Mc
Cumber of NorthDakota as a substitute
for the Senate Foreign Committee
measure.
Stone and La Foltette Lead.
Senators Stone of Missouri and 1
Follette led this group.
Senator Norria of Nebraka,-on of--the
"willful twelve." declared, ha
would oppose the resolution.
Both Senators Stone arid Vardaman
contended that war Is a blunder, but
both pledged themselves to do their
utmost to the end that the war shall
be successful. .
The opposition to the adoption of
the war measure served only to add
to the intensity of the occasion, to
surcharge the debate with Increased
feeling and with "rancor and bitter
ness. In no way save by brief delay
will It affect the final passage of tha
decree of Congress for war.
Determined to drive the resolution
to adoption with the- least possible
halting, the leaders both of Demo
crats and Republicans were on hand
promptly at 10 this morning, pre
pared for the struggle.
Time for Aetlon.
"The time for action has arrived.
The time for discussion is past."
These were the words of Senator
Hitchcock, In charge of the resolu
tion, as he obtained unanimous con
sent for Its consideration shortly after
the Senate met. This note that action,
not debate, was demanded In the pres
ent hour ran through the speeches of
the war advocates.
While the Senate listened In profound
silence Senator Hitchcock then pro
ceeded In measured words, calmly, yet
with deep feeling", to set forth the pro
visions of the resolution, and the rea
sons why he supported It.
Emphasises Gravity.
He emphasized the deep gravity of tha
course on which the nation was now
entering; told how he himself had stood
out sgalnst war. but added that he felt
the mind of Congress and the nation
now was made up, and that It was his
duty to stand by the Government and
vote for the resolution.
"In presenting this resolution." he
said. "I am Impressed with the solemnity
of the occasion. Some may be filled
with Joy at the prospect of war. To me
it Is depressing and dreadful. Tho
enormous cost which the people must
pay. the increased cost of living, the
great burden of taxes, and the still
greater heritage of debt, stagger my
mind. The awful sacrifice of lives that
must follow sickens my heart.
No PossIblUty mt Gain.
"We alone of the nations at war
will spend our treasure and sacrifice
lives without thought or possibility
of material gain.
"We are going to war to vindicate
our honor and our Independence as a
,4
"i
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