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THE WASHINGTON TDIES, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1917.
great nation. Such quarrel as we hae with Germany waa not of our choosing. It forced upon us. We did much to avoid IL" Senator Hitchcock then summed up the grievances this country has suf fered at the hands of the Imperial German government. Like the otner speakers In support of Uie resolution, lie was careful to single out. not the people of Germany, but its govern ment, as the offender. He closed by declaring his own con Tlctlon the time had come for war, though he had struggled against It. As the Senator sat down, there was a profound stir in the galleries. Senator Swanson of Virginia then began his address. The issue is not war or peace," said Senator Swanson. "War has al ready been wantonly and lawlessly prosecuted against us. The question ts whether we shall accept war or cowardly and abject submission." The violation of our neutrality by high German officials In this country was detailed. Activities In Mexle. "For several years we have known of German activities In Mexico prejudicial to our interests and seek ing to embroil us with that country the Senator said. "We have long sus pected a disposition on the part of th Crmon fnvernment to dlsnute with us the Monroe doctrine and to. seek to extend to the Western Hemi sphere her territorial spoliations." A blow at the pacifists was struck by Swanson. "They would place upon this nation the shame of still greater submission," he said. "Sir. In long national life the path way of peace is the pathway of firm ness, courage, and resolution, saia Swanson. "Prudence and foresight are wise counselors, ever to be lis tened to and followed, but cowardice and timidity are the worst advisers that ever purred their whisperings Into the national ear. Sirs, honor, wisdom and self Interest demand that, in the language of our Secre tary of State, we should defend our rtetits upon the seas from whatever quarter violated, without compromise, and at any cost. "The President appeals to Congress to give him the authority and the means efficiently to do this. Mr. President, the proclamation of Ger many issued on January 31. 1917, Is not only opposed to every principle or International law and the dictates of humanity, but It Is in direct con travention of many assurances given to us during the pendency of this world wide war, and also of her sol emn treaty obligations. Reviews Outrages. After reviewing the sinking of American citizens and commerce, Swanson said: "These repeated acts constitute war fare In it worst- and most despicable form. What else can Germany do to wage war against us except with her submarines to attack our ships and commerce and assault our flag? "She has already Invited Mexico and Japan to join in warfare against us. "How much further must she go In order to satisfy some of our heslta- WEATHER REPORT. Forecast for the District of Colum bia andMaryland Falrtonlght. Thurs day overcast, with probably showers: moderate temoerature: moderate vari able w Inds, becoming, fresh cast and j southeast, For"VIrglnIa Increasing cloudiness tonight. Thursday probably rain: wanner In west portion tonight; fresh east and southeast winds. Tempe rat ores R a. m 9 a. m 10 a. m 1 1 a. in. .,.......... 12 noon ...,.. 1 p. m..... Average temperature for thl date for the last 33 years, -49. SETS EXTRA CIVIL SERVICE TESTS. The United States Civil Service Commission announces that ow ing to the present emergency, ex aminations for stenographer and typewriter will be held at Wash ington, Baltimore, and Alexandria, and Richmond, and numerous other cities throughout the United States, on April 10 and on each Tuesday thereafter until further notice. Men and women will be admitted. Residents of Maryland. Virginia, and the District of Columbia, will be admitted, and if they pass will be eligible to permanent positions In the apportioned departmental service at Washington upon meet ing the residence and domicile re quirements of the law. ting citizens that she Is directing warfare against us? "Can a greater Injury be don against a nation than a wanton at tack upon Its flag? "Sirs, Germany has heaped upon us every insult, conspired against our In ternal and external peace, shot and trampled upon our flag1, foully mur dered 219 of our citizens and penetra ted wanton acts of war upon us "She has Inflicted every Injury upon us except an. actual Invasion of our territory. "Are there any among us so coward ly or so foolish as to desire to be quiescent until this is done"? "Does anyone doubt that if the German fleet was released from block ade by the British fleet and free to do so, it would not already be upon our shores endeavoring to do Its work of devastation and ruin? Suggests Imaalon, "Is anyone foolish enough to Im agine that if Germany was free from European troubles and had a large army that she could safely land here, she wouldhot do so, and endeavor to conquer us and obtain lodgment and territory in the western hemisphere?" The Senator fead excerpts from the various notes to and from Germany and went over the negotiations. "Mr. President, we cannot avoid It," he said. "The only wise, manly, and honorable course for us to pursue Is to accept the conditions of warfare American ships and outrages agaInstLPrPttefd,b- Germany, declare the a i -i.i. . , " fexistlng state of war between Ger many and the United States, give au thority to the President to use the army and navy of this country to wage the war thus unjustly brought upon us. and use every resource pos sessed by us to wage this war effi ciently and successfully. "We are not waging War against the German people, but against the military and autocratic government, which, we believe, contrary to the wishes of the German people, has In flicted these .many Injuries upon us and severed the ties of friendship which have for more than a century bound us to the German people. We believe that when the war mad and military autocracy which now rules Germany has been chastened or over thrown the ties of friendship now severed will be reunited and become firmer and stronger. In waging this war we will be aiding the free, lib eral, and democratic nations to over throw in Germany the last refuge of autocracy and militarism." Senator Ijodge Explains. "No one Is more conscious than I that this is a moment for action and not for debate," said Senator Henry f Cabot Lodge, beginning after Swan son. "but. as a member of the Com mittee on Foreign Relations and hav ing taken part In the framing of this resolution. I wish briefly to state why I support this measure with the greatest earnestness of which I am capable. tJTIie most momentous power en trusted to Congress by the Constitu tion is the authority to declare war and never has Congress been called to any greater function than at this j moment. ! "We have submitted to wrongs and outrages from the central powers of :05 p. m. j Europe wrongs which Involve not 42 no S3 07 57 S8 Tide Table. High tides 5:49 a. nw height 2.4. 6:13 p. m, height 2,1. Low tides 0:04 a. m., height 0.1. 12:30 p. m, height 0.2. Son and Moon Table. Sun rose ,1:49 a.m. Sun sets .. ............ 0:35 p.m. Moon rises 4:03 p.m. Moon sets .......... 4:07a.m. Light automobile lamps at only Injury to property but the de struction of American lives with a long patience. We have borne and forborne to the very limit of endur ance Now the inevitable end is here and we are about to declare war against Germany." Would Drop Party Lines. Abolition of party lines "In the presence of the common danger," was counseled by Senator Lodge and he asked both Republicans and Demo crats to forego parties. "We have only a very small army and we must proceed at once as rap- Idly as -possible to build up a large one fit to defend the country In any emergency. We must provide for the supply of men for the army by a system of universal military training. 1 agree with the President that this new army should be chosen upon the 'principle of universal liability to service.' Our navy Is strong In cer tain branches and vrY weak in others. It must be our business to supply the deficiencies as rapidly as ppssible. It Is our duty to see to It that an the money and all the legis lation necessary for both the army and navy are given at once. "The President has said that war 'will Involve the utmost practical co operation In counsel and action with the governments now at war with Germany' and. as Incident to that, the extension to those governments of the most liberal financial credits In order that our resources may so far as pos sible be added tcT theirs. Nothing Blare Important. "I am not only In full agreement with this policy adopted by the Presi dent, but It seems to me there Is noth ing more important than to follow It out." An expeditionary force regular troops should be sent to France for the moral effect. Lodge de clared". "We cannot send a great army across the, ocean for we have no army to send. I believe the mere sight of that flag would stimulate the courage and help the success of those who have the seme aim." He advocated seizing the Interned German ships In American ports and putting them Into service to replace American losses. "It must be no weak, hesitating war,"., he saTO "The most merciful war Is that which Is mostvlgorously waged and- which comes most quickly to an end. "Mr. President, no one feels the hor rors of war more than I. It Is with no light heart, but with profound sad ness, although'wlth hope and courage, that I see my country compelled to enter the great field of conflict. But there are, in my opinion, some things worse for a nation'' than war. Na tional degeneracy Is worse; national cowardice is worse. The division of our people In 'race groups, striving to direct the course of the United States In the interest of some other country when we should have but one al legiance, one hope, and one tradition. All these dangers have been gathering about us and darkening the horizon during the last three years. What ever suffering and misery war may bring. It will at least sweep these foul things away." Applanse and lllaes. Mingled applause and hissing broke In the galleries for a moment at the conclusion of Lodge's speech. Vice President Marshall checked the trouble with a reprimand and a warn ing to the galleries that they would be closed If they continued their demonstration. Senator Vardaman of Mississippi thereupon delivered a speech against partisanship, though tinged with pacifism. He could not see that-what the Senate Is able to do would add to the "greatest happiness of the world." "Fpr the last year there has been an atmosphere of war about the Cap itol." he said. "Everything has seemed out of or der. Now is the time of all times for all to keep their heads. "To keep step with the thoughtless gang Is to follow the path of least re sistance. I wish I could feel justified In doing what a majority of this Sen ate will do. "Their patriotism, I do not ques tlon. The wisdom of their action can be determined by time." A profoundly moving and affecting feature of the proceedings was the address of Senator Stone of Missouri. AUSTRIA FORCED NEW PEACE MOVE? LONDON, April 4. A new peace move by the central powers fore cast In extracts from the semi official newspaper. Lokal Anzleger. has been forced by Austria's de mands, according to German Infor mation received via Holland to day. The declaration was made In these dispatches that In the forth coming announcement Germany would make a "worthwhlle offer." Presumably. In the belief of close observers of German and Austrian conditions here, the Teutonic offi cials now realize they must make great concessions from the atti tude adopted in the previous peace feeler. "j I demand that we shrink not even from l tne mouth of hell. "Mr. President If your decision be for war there 'Is nothing that any sane, honorable, patriotic American could do that I will not do to make that war a success. I will stand ready instantly to take my full share of the responsibility and the burden." chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, who announced his pur pose to vote against the war resolu tion, warned Congress that It was commlttrng the greatest, national blunder In history, and added that until Congress should order otherwise he would stand out against the war. But, he added. If war came he stood rready to perfofrm any service or make any sacrifice necessary to bring the war to a successful Issue. Senator Stone spoke Immediately after Senator Vardaman, He referred briefly to the arguments of Senators Swanson and Lodge, but said he would. of 10.00&1 omit controversy under the circum stances. While the Senate chamber was so silent that one could hear a pin drop theSenator from. Missouri concluded: Will Vote Against It. "Mr. President. I fear that the Con gress Is about to Involve the United States In this European war; and when you do tills my belief is that" you will commit the greatest national blunder of history. I shall vote against committing this mistake, to prevent which I would gladly, lay down my life. Until the Congress shall otherwise command I shall stand as I have stood from the be ginning, and ven now I lift my voice In solemn warning against this blunder. "But If the constituted powers of my Government, the powers constitu tionally authorized to speak. for the people on this, momentous Issue, shall decide for war and we go into war. then I shall cast all doubts and forebodings to the winds and my eyes will be blind to everything but the flag of ray -country, borne by American boys through the storm of war and my ears will be deaf to every call except the call of my coun try In Ita hour of peril. Will Stand at Salute. "If Congress unfurls the battle flag, however profound my sorrow, I wilt at once stand at obedient salute to that flag, dutifully willing and ready to perform any service or make any sacrifice necessary to bring the cause we espouse to a successful issue. "To my countrymen. I say that however we may differ, as we do. about the policy of entering this war. once In It all differences must em. In war there can be no divided patriot Ism. In war the eyes of an American can behold but one flag. In a time of stress like that all gaps must be closed and our front be united ax a war!. If we declare for war there must be no holding; we must take war In earnest. We know what that means, but when war Is declared. If It declared, honor and patriotism will Plana For Great Army. One of the first things to be acted on after the war resolution goes through will be the plan for 'raising a great army on the principle of selec tive conscription. Under this plan a new army of a half million additional to the regulars and national guard will quickly be mustered. TJiat will be followed by other Increments. , Leaders In Congress "begin to real ize the tremendous task of organiza tion involved In training the new army. That Is a potent reason -why they want to get the war resolution out of the way and tq get men called to the colors. The putting through of a plan for rais ing new troops, however. Is but one of the score of legislative tasks ahead of the new Congress!- The general nature of these has been outlined from time to time. Included In them will be revenue leg islation, appropriation bills, railroad, shipping, espionage, and numerous other measures. Quick, action by the. House on appro priations left over from last session is already assured. The Senate will act almost as expeditiously. Mrs. McAdoo, daughter of the President,! and Mlss Helen Woodrow Bones, his cousin, occupied Presi dential seats In the Senate gallery during the war talks. . Secretary Tumulty also "listened in" for a time. txU&a HffTu'l M Women! Stop Corn Pain! Few Drops and Corns Lift Out I y Don't hurt a bit! Cincinnati man discovers drug that -works -wonders ITo lumbugl Never let a corn ache twice. i Tour high heels have put corns on your toes and calluses on your feet, but why care now? ' This tiny bottle holds an almost magic fluid. A genius In Cincinnati discovered this ether compound and named It freezone Small bottle of freezone -like here shown can be had at any drug store for a few cents. Never limp or twist your face in pain agafn, but get a bottle of free zone and apply a few drops on ten der, aching com Or 'callus. Instantly the soreness disappears and shortly you will find the corn or callus so shiveled and loose that you can lift It off wlthathe fingers. Just think! Tou get rid or a hard corn, soft corn, or a corn between the toes, as welt as hardened calluses without suffering oneparttcIe. Free zone Is magic! Genuine freezone Is sold only In these tiny bottles packed in a round, wood case. Don't accept' It unless It Is a round, wood case. Advt- ROMANOFFS AS GERMANS .Berlin Protestor Traces Their An cestry to the Fatherland. . BERLIN, April 4. Prof. Stephen Kekule von Stradowltz, Ge'rmany's best known authority on heraldy. pub lishes an Interesting article on the house of Romanoff, showing that the Russian family really has no claim to the' Russian name, but are purely of German blood, and of the house of IIolsteln-Gottorp, which Is the young-. est line of the feigning hous Oldenburg-Holsteln. The Romanoffs hailed originally from the vicinity of Tver, the profes sor says. As the oldest known an- cestor he mentions Andres Ivanovltchs Kobyla, In 1347 this Kobyla Journey ed to Tver to woo a woman for his relative Simon GordTs.' 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