Newspaper Page Text
'&?&' Hie Hhrngte M& COMPLETE WEATHER FORECAST: Overcast, Cool Tonight (Full Report on Page Two) AFIIRN edition Wall Si To4&y. sns. OQMi T7jssssssssu NUMBER 10,127. PRESIDENT SIGNS DECLARA TION OF WAR U. S. ARMED FORCES SEIZE GERMAN SHIPS IN ALL HARBORS AND DETAIN THE CREWS BILK DEALERS BREAKING LIB Police Court Prosecutions Fail to Result in Convictions of Offenders. ONLY ONE FOUND GUILTY Question of Jurisdiction Inter jected, With Postponements, Recorded on Docket. TIMES TO PUBLISH OFFENDERS' NAMES In order that the people of Washington may know dealers who are violating: the health regula tions. The Times will publish the t names of such dealers whenever the Health Department files In formation agains't them In the Dis trict courts. To protect people of the District from unclean and unsanitary milk. Congress in 1895 enacted a law p.J vldlng that no milk should be brought or sent into the District without a permit from the Health Department. Although this law has been on the statute books since that time, and there have been numerous violations of It, an investigation on the part of The Times falls to show that one of fender has been punished in all the twelve years. The Times finds that during the last year, and even during the last two weeks, shipments of milk have been brought Into the District from unlicensed farms and sold. Dealers ln Washington bring In milk from unlicensed farms whenever there is a shortage of milk from properly licensed sources, and because of the failure to punish them under .the existing law they have recently grown more and more Inclined to violate it. Warnings Proved Effective. Until' three or four years ago. Health Department officials assert, violations of the law were compara tively few and notice to the offender that proceedings would be Instigated against him had resulted in prompt correction of the practice. More recently, however, a question of jurisdiction as to which branch of the Police Court the offenders should be punished In has been used by attorneys representing offender to prevent punishment, and case prosecuted by the Health Department have been continued Indefinitely with out a single offender being punished. This has resulted in wholesale vio lations of the law, and a growing attitude on the part of the offenders to ignore the Health Department reg ulations altogether. While the inspectors of the Health Department have repeatedly filed in formation In the Police Court against milk dealers who brought In unli censed milk, only comparatively few of them have appeared on the docket of the Police Court, and every one of these has been continued indefinitely (Cqntlnued on Eighth Page.) U. S. PHONE BILL REVIVED Pomerene Reintroduce Measure With War Phases Emphasized. Senator Pomerene of Ohio today re Introduced In the Senate the bill au thorizing the Poitofflce Department to acquire and extend the telephone system of the District. The bill Is the same as the one In troduced In the House last Congress by David J. Lewis. It has been re ferred to the District Committee. New importance Is given the bill by the fact that one of Its purposes is to insure the Government complete control of telephone communication in safeguarding Its military and ex cutlve affairs at the seat of govern ment. This becomes of special mo ment now that war has begun. ADMITS GERMAN PLOT Captain Frltzen Sentenced for Aid ing Von Papen. NEW YORK. April . Capt Al fred A. Frltzen pleaded guilty In United States district court here to day to having conspired with Capt. Hans Tauscher to blow up the Wet land canal, and was sentenced to eighteen months In the Federal peni tentiary at Atlanta. Ga. Addressing the court before sent ence was passed. Assistant District Attorney Knox referred to Frltzen as only a "tool In the hands of the un speakable Von Papen." Frltze." was arrested In San Fran cisco, He formerly was a captain of artillery In the German army, and was given his first citizenship papers In this country in 1912. GERMANS WARNED TO KEEP MOUTHS SHUT If German subjects In the Dis trict "obey the law and keep their mouths shut," the Department of Justice will not molest them. Dis trict Attorney John E. Laskey and United States Marshal Maurice Splaln announced today. The two officials early, this morning received Instructions from Attorney General Gregory how to proceed In dealing with German residents of the District. The full text follows: "You are hereby directed to give full publicity to the following statement: "No German alien enemy In this country who has not hitherto been Implicated In plots against the In terests of the United States, need have any fear of action by the De partment of Justice eo long as he observes the following warning: ""Obey, the law; keep your mouth shut.' "Respectfully, "T. W. GREGORY. "Attorney General." RJNTDCKffl NAMED TO SUCCEED PDGH Robert Hardison, of Department of Justice, to Preside in Police Court. Robert Hardlson.of Kentucky, today was nominated by President Wilson to succded James L. Pugh, as one of the two Judges of the Police Court of S' v?11- -LSS iS?f ... v. ... AAJitci .u&ivu ', lulu. Mr. Hardison has been employed in the customs division of the Depart ment of Justice In New York city, Be fore assuming that duty he was an as sistant to magistrate's attorney at Murkogee, Okla. He has never re sided In Washington. Now 45 Years Old. Mr. Hardison, who Is forty-five years old, was born In Lewlsburg, Logan, county, Ky. He attended Bethel College at RussellvlIIe, Ky, and stud- led law there. He began tbe practice of jaw at RussellvlIIe, and subse quently moved to Greenville, Ky.. which he now claims as his legal residence. The nomination of Mr. Hardison was urged by Senator Ollle James and Congressman Robert Y Thomas, both of Kentucky. They both praised Mr. JIardlson today as an able lawyer and well qualified to perform the duties of a Police Court judge.. The term of the PoHce Court'judge Is six years, and the 'salary Is f 3,000. Judge Pugh. who for more than a year has served In a hold over ca pacity, completed bis seventh year on the local bench last Monday, hav ing been appointed by President Taft on April 2, 1900. Long at Police Court. Prior to his appointment he was for nineteen years Assistant Corpo ration Counsel of the District, and has been officially connected with the Police Court for more than twen ty six years. Having been a resident of the National Capital for more than forty years, and Identified with Its govern ment during the greater part of that time. Judge Pugh Is probably as well Informed as to Its needs and con ditions as any person In the District. He expects to resume the practice of law after hi successor has been confirmed and sworn Into office. SUCCEEDS CONE JOHNSON Letter H. Woolsey, of New York, New State Department Solicitor. President Wilson today nominated Lester Hood Woolsey, of New York, to be solicitor for the State Depart ment to succeed Cone Johnson, who resigned. NEXT SUNDAY The publication of the first of the remarkable series of articles on "The Secrets of the Hohenzollerns" is unavoidably delayed until Sunday, April 15, instead of appearing next Sunday, as announced yesterday. BUT Judson C. Welliver, known to every newspaper reader in Washington, who is now in London for The Times, has written a most interesting story on LONDON IN WAR TIME It is the personal experiences of a man you know graphic ally told, as are all thingsthat Welliver writes. IN NEXT SUNDAY'S TIMES WASHINGTON, SEE-NO HOPE OF ENDOFSTRIKE Commissioners Will So Reply to the Renewed Appeal of Men. REFER TO PAST FAILURES Union Officials Allege Company Has Had Heavy Money Losses. Renewed efforts to secure through the Commissioners a settlement of the street railway strike was made by the striking employes of the Wash ington -Railway and Electric Com pany today. Commissioner Newman said after receiving the communication that In view of the fact that all the efforts exerted by him and his associates to I prevent and later arbitrate the strike bad been rejected by the company that no success could be hoped for now. He Indicated that such would be the nature of the Commissioners' reply to the strikers. In a letter signed by George A. Wllburt. president of the strikers' union, and other strikers signing themselves "a committee of locked out employes of the Washington Rail way and Electric Company," the men submitted the following proposal: Seek Agreement. "We renew all the offers we have heretofore made through you to this company, and we authorize you to say to this company that we will ac cept frtjm your commission, with the agreement of the company, any deci sion you may make as to whether or "!. company, and I? X. .houlS what not we should have a contract with klnd of a contract wa may have. "We also authorize you to say to the camftany that we will accept thai decision or the President of the United States. If the company refuses to acept your commission as an arbi trating body. "Falling In this, we authorize you to say to the company that we will accept an agreement similar to the one made by the Capital Traction Company with Its employes, with the same grade of wages and the same working conditions. "If all these should fall, we are willing to acept a committee of Sena tors and Representatives In Congress, and will abide by their decision upon the subject matters stated above." Declares Situation n Lockout. In another part of the lengthy statement sent to the Commissioners the committee representing the men said: "We did not strike: we were locked out, because we would not surrender our constitutional. American privilege of getting together to Improve our conditions and Increase our wages." Another paragraph reads as fol lows: "We do not believe It a very pa triotic spectacle when war has been declared upon our country to have the president of the largest street railway company In the capital of the nation Importing strike breakers and German spies to man the cars of th company In order to subjugate us and to put us under the absolute domlna tion and control of a man who Is try ing to commercialize patriotism and deprive us of the rights which every LAmerlcan citizen should enjoy" r At th harfmirtjra nf fh. m ployes' union today the compans statement that five of Its barns are now free of Imported strike breakers and are being manned by regular em ployes was denied. The strikers also said the company still has several hundred strike breakers from New York, Chicago. Philadelphia, and other cities on the cars on all its lines. TO ENLARGE NAVAL STATIONS. Enlargement of all naval training stations Is to be effected at once, the Navy Department announced today. The station at I.ak Rluff. Ills., will be one of the first to be enlarged. FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL G, 1917. U. S. FORMALLY DECLARES WAR Wilson Affixes Signature Declaration Adopted by Congress. to ARMY AND NAVY ADVISED Whistles Proclaim News to Cheering Crowds as Nation Enters War. President Wllson'at 1:13 o'clock thla afternoon signed the Joint resolution of Congress, declaring a state of war to exist between the United States and Germany. At that moment the United imme diately went on a war basis. As the President's pen swept across the engrossed parchment with a firm stroke, Lieut. Commander Byron Mc- Candless, U. S. N- aide to Secretary of the Navy Daniels, signaled the Navy Department from a window in the White House and word was at once flashed from the nary wireless to the Atlantic fleet. Simultaneously the news was flash ed by telegraph and cable to overy rort ana army reservation in me United States and Its Insular posses sions. Announcement of the signing of the measure was greeted with a cboria of steam whistles sounded from alliparta of the National Capital and from, fac tories In Georgetown and across the Potomac at Alexandria, Vs. Crowds In the street cheered the news wildly. Presents B ,l"J" '""tt Jerry South, Clerk. presented the resolution In person to the Senate. The usual proceeding was followed. South, entering the center aisle of tbe Senate, awaited a pause that fol lowed the morning prayer. "A message from the Houne-of Rep resentatives," announced a Senate sec retary. Mr. President, said South. "Mr Secretary." Marshall replied. "I present Senate Joint resolution No. 1," said South, declaring that a state of war exists between the Im (Continued on Fifth Page.) CLOSED ZONEON POTOMAC Navy Bart Vessel From Vlclnlty.of Indian Head. The Navy Department today declared a elated zone on the Potomac river In the vicinity of the Indian Head proving ground. while tests of the big guns are being conducted. There will be no Interference with the regulation trips of excursion steamers to points on the Potomac and Chesapeake bay. but small boats will be held up by naval vessel pa trolling the closed zone during the hours the tests are In operation Testn are being made of the new 16-Inch guns for the fleet, hnd naval officials feared there might be loss of life unless the river in the vicinity of the plant was closed during the hours the tests were made TRAIN ROBBER ESCAPES. II Grady Webb, convicted leader of the gang of train robbers that held up Baltimore and Ohio train No. 1 at Central Station, W. Va.. two years ago and got away with ninety pack ages of unsigned bank notes. Is again at large. Webb escaped from four marshals while on a Southern Hall way train en route to the Atlanta penitentiary to serve a twenty Ave year term. He was regarded as one of the most skilful and daring bandits since the hey day of the James Boys. PRESIDENT WILSON'S WAR PROCLAMATION Whereas, The Congress exercise of'the constitutional resolved, by joint resolution of Representatives, bearing date this day, "That a state of war between the United States and the. Imperial German Government which has been thrust upon the United States is hereby formally declared;" Whereas, It is provided by section 4667 of the revised statutes, as follows: , "Whenever there is declared a war-between the United States and any foreign nation or government or any invasion or predatory incursion is perpetrated, offensive, or threaten ed against the territory of the United States, by any for eign nation or government, lic proclamation of the event, all natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of the hostile nation or government, being males of the age of fourteen years and upward, who shall be with in the United States, and not actually naturalized, shall' be liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured, and removed, as alien enemies. Aliens May Become Liable. ' "The President is authorized, in any such eventby his proclamation thereof, or other duct to be observed, on thepart the aliens who become so liable; the manner and degree of the restraint to which they shall be subject, and' in what cases, and upon what security their residence shall be per- mitted, and to provide fo'rlhe" pciimucu tu icsiuc wiiiiiii tiie part therefrom; and to establish are found necessary in the premises and for tHe public safety; . Whereas, by sections 4068, 4069, and,4070 of the Re vised Statutes further provision is made relative to alien enemies; NOW, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim to all whom it may concern that a state of war exists between the United States and the Imperial German Government; and I do specially direct all officers, civil or military of the United States, that they exercise vigilance and zeal in the discharge of the duties incident to such a state of war; and I do, more over, earnestly appeal to all American citizens-that they, in loyal devotion to their country, dedicated from its founda tion to the principles of liberty and justice, uphold the laws of the land and give undivided and willing support to those measures which may be adopted by the constitutional au thorities in prosecuting the war to a successful issue and in obtaining a sure and just peace; Must Reserve Peace. And, acting upon and by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution of said sections of the revised proclaim and direct that the conduct to be observed on the part of the United States toward all natives, citizens, deni zens, or subjects of Germany, being males of the age of fourteen years and upward, who, shall be within the United States and not actually naturalized, who for the purpose of this proclamation and under such sections of the revised statutes are termed alien denizens, shall be as follows: All alien enemies are enjoined to preserve the peace toward the United States and the public safety and from violating the laws of the United States and of the States and Territories thereof, and to re frain from actual hostility or giving of information, or aid or comfort, to the enemies of the United States, and to com ply strictly with the regulations which are hereby or which may be from time to time promulgated by the President; and so long as they shall conduct themselves in accordance with law, they shall be undisturbed in the peaceful pursuit of their lives and occupations, and be accorded the consid eration due to all peaceful and law-abiding persons, except so far as restrictions may be necessary for their own pro tection and for the safety of the United States; and toward such alien enemies as conduct themselves 'in accordance with law, all citizens of the United States are enjoined to (Continued on Page Fourteen.) . - of the United States in the authority vested in them have of the Senate and the House and the President .makes pub public act, to direct the con of tlje United States, toward removal'of thdse. whQjjeinj: unucu oidics, iciusc iu uc- any other regulations which the United States, and the statutes, I do hereby further to refrain from crime against PRICE ONE CENT. GERMANSHIPS ALL DAMAGED Taken Over by U. S. to Pre vent Further. Injury, , Says McAdoo. TWO RAIDERS ARE GUARDED Formal Seizure, and Confisca- tion Expected as Next Development. The United States Government to day took possession of all the German merchant vessels in American porta. Announcement to this effect was mada at the Treasury Department in' the following official statement: "Secretary McAdoo announced to day that for ths purpose of protecting the Vessels from further injury and until 'a decision can be reached as to their proper disposition, customs guards have been placed on board all Oerman merchant vessels anchored in the ports of the United States. The officers and crews have been taken into custody by the Department of Labor, pending a determination ot their status."' Raiders AIm Seised. At tba same time It was announced that tba Nary Department had taken possession of the converted German raiders at Philadelphia. The War De partment some time ago placed guards over the German merchant vessels In terned In.the Philippines and the har bor of Cristobal. Canst Zone. It was learned authoritatively, at the Treasury, following the -afenounce-metit, that Uu "customs officials .had found, on taking over the merchant ships, thst the machinery of prac tically everyone of Ujera-mrs'beeoTo badly damaged as to make it Impossi ble for most of the ships to be used for many months. A detailed Invest! gatlon Into the amount of damage dona haa been.ordered. it was stated, moreover, that In Government now knows beyond quesj tion or aoubt tbat.the qerroan frelgh er Llebenfelsl which sank In the hsj bor of Charleston, S. (J, shortlyafte uiiriuuiaui; rciauuns were serrrev was the victim of a deliberate plot o the part of her crew to destroy th vessel. Examination disclosed the fac that all the seacocks of the strip hai been opened. V. S. Will Use Ships. Although Secretary McAdoo would! not admit that the German ships have vi technically been seized as yet by th' American Government, it Is knowi that the Government plans to tak formal possession. In the case ot ths merchant ships, it Is understood that most of them are to be requisitioned in the name of the Government Ship ping Board, and placed In foreign '' trade service. At the conclusion of the war the owners of the vessels may be compensated, provided in the meantime the vessels have not been destroyed by German submarines. Altogether a total of ninety-one merchant vessels, S04.690 gross tons, or 351,820 het tons, have- been seized. No attempt haa been made to disturb' the fourteen Interned Austrian ves sels. Besides the merchant ship, taken over are the commerce raider Kron Prlnz Wllhelm and Prjnz Bltel Frlederlch at Philadelphia and sev eral small w.ar craft. Including the light cruiser ueler Interned at Guam. The crews of the seized German ships will be detained for the tlm being as Immigrants, the Department of Labor announced ttoday. They will be treated as ordinary alien-, and If they apply for admission Into this country, the case of each man will be taken up separately by the department. Xlnety-one Vessels Seised. At Hoboken, N. J., alone eighteen vessels. Including the giant Vaterland, were taken over. In all. twenty-seven ships were seized In New York waters. The total number of German ships In American waters which were seized la ninety-one. They represent a total gross tonnage of 39-1.696. From Philadelphia. Boston. New Or leans. Jacksonville. Wilmington. N. C. San Francisco, and other ports came , reports during the morning of the seizure of ships. No trouble was re ported. - try Instance, marines or bluejackets were armed, waiting for the signal to take over the ship The signal was word that the House had passed the war resolution. In New York hanbor a long. gray, war painted destroyer waited Just oK the bow of the giant Vaterland. Her guns were trained on the enemy sea monster. The busy launch of Col lector of the Port ilalone churned the waters of the bay as he hastened on his early morning enterprise. All night long he had waited for the or der to seize the ships. His deputies by scores were on the docks and piers In Hoboken. New York, and at Staten Island. When the word cam,e the waiting men hurried aboard. The German sailors were ordered to pack their belonging, and were hurried away to Ellis Island. The same scenes were enacted at other ports. In all cases the enemy sailors waxai, sent to the Immigration statHm; some later being released on paroA. N At New London the steamer Will. had. which has served aa mother ship 31 Si .A Z-Jk jaL.i I A.