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THE "WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY, APRIL"7,r 19i7.
o h I I ') I1 I t i l fw Entered as second class matter at the Post-e-fflce at Washington. D. C. . Published Every Evening (Including Sundays) By The Washington Times Company. MTOCSBT BHILDINq. Pennsylvania Avenne. FRANK A. MUNSEY President It. H. TITHCRIJfGTON Secretary FRED A. WALKER , .Treasurer On Tear (Including- Sundays). USD Six Month. H.T5. Three Monthi. We. 8ATUIIDAT. APRIL. 7. 1917. First, the Straitjacket There is only one way in which the members of the Emergency Peace Federation and the rest of the pacifists can help dethrone the Kaiser. This is by getting behind the guns of the United States. Be fore "helping" a violently insane man it is necessary to put him in a straitjacket. When the German people have been sufficiently calmed by an international straitjacket it may be possible then to "help" them comprehend and remove the cause of their mental disorder. , In Words of One Syllable many will shortly be undeceived if it counts upon the Just criticism of earlier times as proof that this na tion is unprepared, for war, The Neffro and Germany's Offer for Disloyalty The Attorney General of the United States, who is required to be a meet person, learned in the law, might have issued a warning to those who are technically alien enemies of the United States resident therein, to the effect that obedience to the statutes made and provided was hereby enjoined and that silence con cerning questions of -doubtful dispu tation was commended. What he did say was more readily understood: "Obey the law; keep your mouth shut" There is hardly a German family in the United States, some member of which cannot translate that into German. The school children can be requisitioned for the task. Never theless, jt will be in order for the erman-American press to print it in box-oar type. It comes natural to any good German, trained in his own country, to respect authority and obey the law. One should henceforth understand also that a certain kind of conversation either in public or private is verboten. Right-Hand Exploitation of Left- Handed Benevolence Having done all his feeble best to oppose the President in his efforts to avert war, from the private memorandum to Ambassador Dumba, following the first Lusitania note, to the criticism of the President's Sen ate address on peace to be enforced by the nations; later having tried to induce Congress to prevent the arm ing of the merchant ships and again to 'oppose the declaration of war, the Honorable William Jennings Bryan poses today as a patriot who is al most too good to be true. He offers, to be enrolled as a pri vate soldier until called to the col ors. That is pretty cheap. The painful fact is that Bryan is too old and fat to enlist as a private soldier, and he will never be called to the colors in that capacity. His humility, in this part of the pro- rram, has not been equaled since With an ignorance amazing in its profundity, Berlin has withdrawn the State of Texas from its offer of prizes to Mexico and tenders it as a gift to the negroes of the South in return for a revolt against the United States Government Could greater effrontery be con ceived? Could more crass ignorance be exhibited? It is characteristic of Berlin that it deals always without knowledge of the other fellow. It was so in Belgium, in Mexico, in Japan. It is especially true in this tender for the disloyalty of the Southern negro. He is and has always been loyalty per sonified. His devotion, personal and as a race, has been demonstrated through a long series of trials. He is farthest from being a plotter or a conspirator. No finer declaration of allegiance, no more compelling affirmation of loyalty has been made since the war with Germany appeared inevitable than that made by Roscoe Conkling Simmons, a Louisville negro, who addressing a gathering of his own people delivered the following pa triotic and inspiring appeal: "We have a, record to defend, but no treason, thank God, to atone or ex plain. Whlle.ln chains we fought to free white men from Lexington to Carrlzal and returned again to our chains. No negro has ever Insulted the flag. No negro ever struck down a President of these United States. No negro ever sold a military map or secrets to a foreign government. No negro ever ran under fire or lost an opportunity to serve, to fight, to bleed, and to die in the republic's cause. Accuse us of what you will justly and wrongly no man can point to a single Instance of our dis loyalty. "We have but one country and one flag-, the flag that set us free. Its language is our only tongue, and no hyphen bridges or qualifies our loyalty. Today the nation faces Jan-. ger from a foreign foe. treason stalks and skulks up and down our land. In dark councils Intrigue Is being hatch ed. I am a Republican, but a W Uson Republican. Woodrow Wilson Is my leader. What he commands me to do I shall do. Where he commands me to go I shall go. If he calls me to the colors, I shall not ask whether my colonel Is black or white. I shall be there to pick out r.o color except the white of the enemy's eye. Griev ances I, have against this people, against" this" Government. Injustice to me there Is, bad laws there are upon the statute books, but in this hour of peril I forget and jou must forget all thoughts of self or rate, or creed, or politics, or color. That, bos, is loalty." Berlin did not know the negro of the United States when it offered Texas as the price of disloyalty. Serious Charges Against a Judge Don Marquis' Column Spring: Sonnet. They say the brazen "glrly-glrly show. In valiant hosts of marshaled leg's and arms, Hath power to move the Man soul with Its charms; Producers say it, and It may be co; But I, whenever I am forced to go, find me still wandering- from Its rude alarms To some slight girl whose very shy ness warms. A braid, a breath of lilies, and you know. The world sets store by orchids, tu lips, and All sorts of hothouse blooms from Samarcand; I'd not swap a potato crisply fried For all the tulips that have lived and died; But yesterday I -found a violet. And then my cup of Joy was full, you bet! Earl Slmonson. Consciences at Front Untroubled Over War George Bernard Shaw Writes of Attitude of Fighters Toward Moral Issues Involved In Hostilities Between Nations. Tly GEORGE DERXARD gltAW, If, as is likely enough, you are In , eventually uproot Onr Own Wall Mottoes. SPRING IS HERE! AND BOCK BEER! DUTY,' I SHALL, IDLE WITH A SEIDEL, ALL THE GOLDEN DAT! THE KETTLE DRUMS. Sir: Here's a bit of dialogue I m,r. heard In a cabaret the other night: "WBafs all the kitchen utensils doln In front of the orchestra?" "They're the drummer's traps," was me reply. "So? Hardware drummer?" Mac. a hopeless moral muddle about the war. you may be curious as to how they reconcile It with their consci ence at the front to heap death on destruction In the amazing manner I have tried to describe In the two pre vious articles, and whether I write as a human being or a fiend when I shamelessly avow that I enjoyed my week at the front much more than I enjoyed my last week at the seaside. To take the latter and lesser point first, war does not blot out the glory of the sun or the spacious beauty of the broad fields of France In their dazzling robe of snow; and a hungry and social man does not enjoy a meal and good company at quarters or headquarters any the less because the table Is a mess-table, even when the windows are shaken by occasional shells going or coming. Talking about the war among sol diers Is not depressing and sometimes revolting, like talking about It among civilians. To the civilian the war Is often not a war at all; It Is asquab Greenwich Village Correspondent. After many weeks of comparative monotony the village at last has a real sensation. Molly's celebrated feedery Is haunted. Artists and paint ers starting out for the evening's recreation at 1 or 2 a, m. have seen, pressed against a front window pine, the sad but familiar face of their old friend Mike, the waiter. Whenever they have spoken to him he has in stantly vanished. It was less than a .year ago that Mike disappeared from Molly's never to be seen again In the .flesh 'or.ts the village took up a collection ac i re ward for the recovery of Mlk. lad or alive, and -18 cents was realized in cash and pledges. Mike, It will be remembered, was one of the best natured Hungarian goulash handlers that ever made his public appearance in shirt sleeves. Single handed he used to deliver tire orders of fifteen or twenty villagers and the eighty -or ninety slummers who visit Molly's dally. And how ever many things you asked for, Mike always brought you at least one of them. If every one who disagreed with the findings of a court were permit ted to jeopardize the standing of its chief officer, there would be no sta bility in our legal system. The pub lic is slow to believe accusations against the bench. That very fact makes it of vital importance that the Uriah Heep made his debut on the highest standards should be continu- pages of fiction. Bryan then assures an attentive world that he is going to contribute through the American Red Cross to , the comfort of the soldiers in the tiopitals. Millions of American citizens have contributed to that or ganization without taking the trouble to advertise through the press dispatches. We move that the Bryan fund be set apart for the purchase of grape-juice and that no soldier be required to drink it with out due notice that it is a gift from Bryan. Finally the great Commoner is gong to contribute to the Y. M. C A., "to aid in safeguarding the morals of the men in camp.'' Only Bryan always calls itj "mauls." Prudence, Piety, and Philanthropy are Bryan's Heavenly Triplets, Prepared! Criticism ' of the unprepared con dition of the country was a high patriotic duty at one time. That time has passed. The occasion for it no longer exists. The repetition now of a familiar statement that nothing has been done in three years, and especially nothing in the last two months, would be as unfortu nate as untrue. There will be no changes in the Cabinet unless the need for such change is proved in the process of conducting the war. The Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy of the United States should be pre sumed to know what he is about Criticism there should now wait upon proved incompetency or misconduct That the country is not prepared to undertake a war of invasion, ex cent perhaps with a small expedi tionary force of the regular army, for the moral effect of having the United States flag wave beside the Union Jack and the Tri-color of France, goes without saying. That will be remedied as soon as an army can be recruited. But the navy is ready for its task. The Federal Re serve Board precludes the old appeal to private bankers for war funds. The Council of National Defense has organized the country's industrial re sources in a marvelous way, and the experience of Great Britain, in fail ure and success, is at our disposal. The imperial government of Ger- ously upheld. The action of Henry A. Wise in filing charges with the Judiciary Committee of the House of Repre sentatives against Judge George W. Ray, of Norwich, N. Y., is not the first intimation of an unfortunate, state of affairs. Some twelve years ago, Solicitor General Hoyt accused Judge Ray of unreasonably retard ing the disposition of a case which had been before him for fifteen months. Four years ago, the Cayuga County Bar Association is said to have protested against the court's treatment of a lawyer. In the case referred to by Mr. Wise, a higher court reversed a deci sion of Judge Ray because of re marks which he is alleged to have made about the jury. It would seem that these facts are enough to jus tify an examination of the records. If it can be shown that Judge Ray is worthy of continued confidence all good citizens will be glad to be as sured of the fact But for his own sake, as well as for the protection of the public such charges as have been made should not go unan swered. It Is about time for Indiana to or ganize an Association of Election Stealers. Prominent members of both parties with social position unas sailed are eligible for membership. But Mike Has naturally a high brow and the strain of listening to the scraps of conversation that he could not avoid ultimately began to tell on blm. "I can't stand It much longer!" I have heard him murmur many times, half to .himself. And once when a youthful Bohemlenne observed to "a hook-nosed Mexican revolutionist. "Don't ou think Han del's Largo is Just perfectly dear?" Mike poised a "plate of baked" high In the air as If he were going to bean some one. Indeed. Sooner or later the poor fellow wss bound to break down. Just what caused bis eventual dissolution no one can say. His heart must have become weakened, and it la barely possible that In. some extraordinary fit of absent mlndedness one of the villagers offered him a tip. Wonder If Vardaman had heard the atotles of German Intriguing for a nigro uprising when he voted aga'nsl the declaration of war? Germany Is now lamenting that she did not sign the Bryan treaty, which would have held us off for a year more. But It has been two years since the Lusitania went down. Says the Rhenlsche Westfallsche Zeltung: "Beyond striving for gold me Americana nave no laeai. mat Is simply the German way of saying that we have put the dollar mark, on the AmerJcan flag. The sinking of the Belgian relief ships leaves a smaller amount of food for the Germans In Belgium to steal. The United States Navy receives a considerable addition to Its tonnage through the propeuMiy f G.-nnany f sink American vessels. The Mltchel-Wagner mountain pro duced the most diminutive mouse tliat ever scooted into a hole. And D. E. H. wants us to know that Mr. John B. Mudd is a member of the road commission of Baltimore, Md. Opinions On Prohibition. BT PLVNX'HETTi: CONFUCIUS We tried It here In our time, and a man Invented opium because of it. TENNYSON It'll be the death of poetry; but probably that's the reason It's so popularj . SHAKESPEARE Thou canst not shake thy thirsty .head at me; thou cans't never say I advocated It. THOMAS JEFFERSON Les Liberte. NAPOLEAN .Prohibition Is all right for the dead; but sub rosa I got away with Austerlltz on brsCndy. HUERTA It wouldn't bother me now. RABELAIS Abandon hope all ye who enter the grapejulcery! BYRON I wrote "Don Juan" on a hundred bottles of Burgundy. The water drinkers tried to answer It But who were they anyway? DANIEL WEBSTER A sign of national decadence. A country that Is too cowardly to drink Is on the tobog. ROBERT BURNS I should prohibit the use of alcohol In the arts and sciences, but not otherwise. SWINBURNE After Watts Dunton took my brandy from me I petered out. Benjamin De Casseres. DON MARQUIS. WILL DANCE IN BARE LEGS harvard Boys Can In Cambridge, But Not So In Boston. CAMBRIDGE, Mass.. April 7. Even If the city censor of Boston has for bidden them to dance In their bare legs In thRt palace of propriety, the Harvard Hasty Pudding Club boys. In their feminine roles, will plrouetto with undraped legs at their Initial and private performance here tonight. Of course when they go to Boston Thursday they'll have to wear stock ings In their back to nature scenes from "Barnum Was Right." Censor John J. Casey has decreed that their bareMegs would be a shock to discreet Boston. Mayor Curley agrees with him. And that ends It There will be no bare legs In Boston. Whether the boys will have to wear 'em when they appear on Broadway with their show Monday has not been determined; but It's a act that the police made the Winter Garden girls put their 'tookles on not long since. 8ULZER TO RAI8E BRIGADE. NEW YORK, April 7 William 8ul zer, ex-governor of New York, asked Government sanction to recruit and raulp a "brigade for service at home or abroad." ble, to be conducted by writing anonymous postcards and throwing a dead cat back, and forward over the garden wall. To him, when a British soldier kills a German soldier. It Is a heroic deed; when a German soldier kills a British one. It Is a dastardly assassination. War Induces Thought. No soldier on service goes on like that All the thoughtful soldiers (and war makes soldiers very thoughtful) clearly understand that there Is a morality of war quite dis tinct from the morality of peace, Just as the morality of an Interview with a tiger In the Jungle Is distinct from the morality of an Interview with a missionary; but they do not ridicu lously condemn the actions of their enemy In terms of the peace morality whilst they Justify their own In terras of the war morality. Pacifism does not trouble the high er command In the least. The Quak ers cannot teach an army commander, much less a commander-in-chief, anything about the horrors of war. He can shake hands whole-heartedly with President Wilson both on that point and on the abstract desirability of avoiding a victory. A victory for anybody is a victory for war; and whether your general Is professional ized enough to desire a victory for war or humane enough to deprecate It, the practical moral for him Is the same: he strains every nerve to avoid a victory for the other fellow. And the other fellow does the same. Thus all the tangle and tedium of the controversy between the spaclflst and the militarist disappears on the battlefield; for whether you fight for victory or fight to make victory Im possible, the result Is the same: you fight like the very devil an) how. The piety of the Kaiser, whose favorite reading. If I am Tightly Informed, Is a collection of Bishop Boyd Carpenter's sermons, which he has had transla ted expressly to be-read aloud to him, produces exactly the same result In the field as that worship of Wotan and Thor with which he Is absurdly credited, or as the enthusiastic athe Ism of Frederick the Great. Moat Go Through With It. I did not ask Sir Douglas Halg or Sir Henry Rawllnson whether they sympathized with Quaker Stephen Hobhouse or with fire eating Admiral Fisher, not because It would have heen Indiscreet for they put me ex tremely at my ease by their frank ness and hospitality but because It did not matter.. For good or evil, when once the cause Is staked on the word. Cromwell, Washington, and Lincoln must go through with It as resolutely as Ivan the Terrible, Alex ander, or Napoleon. The more they desire the end of the war, the harder they must fight to reach it. When clever literary amateurs like Von Bernhardt or the late Gen eral Butler pontificate about war be ing a biological necessity. It Is well that Dr. Chalmers Mitchell, as a pro fessional biologist, should demon strate that if they understood biology they would know better; but when the enemy's barrage rains on you or his bayonet makes for your stomach, the biology does not matter and the necessity does; all you need consid er then Is that the best parry Is a thrust, and the best way out of a barrage the way toward the gun. One does not trouble about the danger of damp sheets when the house Is on fire: and. granted, as much as you like that both we and the Germans ought to have managed better than to go to war, now that we have done It we must put our backs Into It, not sparing our souls at home any more than the soldiers spare their bodies abroad. Good Fight First Duty. They tell me that even the German prisoners often show an eager Inter est In the safety and sucess of their new comrades. This Is not really more strange than that French and British soldiers should be fighting on the same side, or that IrlsTt soldiers whose patriotism consists In an Im placable political hostility to England Khnuld carry her flag, or the French flag, or any flag, to victory sooner than fall In the supreme auiy or put ting up a good fight. This may seem to you a queer morajlty, a boyish morality, a silly and destructive morality; but It Is a real one; and unless you can understand It you will never be any use to your coun try or any other country during a war. Please note that It la, within camp limits a cosmopolitan, super national, essentially neighborly mor ality, and, therefore one which It specially behooves a pacifist to un derstand. A celebrated civilian playright put Into the mouth of a ruinously pious klne- the sentiment that "Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just." Setting aside the obvious comment that there are no Just quarrels in the world, because when people qravrel the- cease to be Just, and If they had betn Just before they would not have quarrelled one must say bluntly that war Is not concerned with the Justice of Its quarrel. That Is one of the main objections to war 'as an In stitution, and the one that will It from humane morality. But Jt Is too late to con alder It When the awnrri la Hi-awn You cannot vindicate outraged mor ality by surrendering or allowing yourself to be beaten. On the con trary, if you are in the wrong and desire to acknowledge It and make amends you must achieve victory or your amends can have no value. A An Offered. Ransom. J-t us suppose for the sake of argument that the Kaiser becomes convinced that his declamation of war was a crime; that It Is his duty to restore "Lorraine to France and Schleswlg to Denmark; that he. owes Belgium an apology and a colossal indemnity; and that he should make us a present of his fleet aid confine German activity to the land. If he were to do tuts now assuming, of course, that his subjects would not at once consign him to an Irrenan stalt), there would be no grace nor moral significance In the operation; It would be Interpreted vImply as the ransqm offered by a defeated combatant Only with his foot on our necks could he make an artmlr- lng and edified world dub him W1I helm the Magnanimous. I press this on the consideration of me iiriusn citizens who has qualms of conscience about our part In the war. ,xie nas plenty of partisans in the trenches. I can assure him with some confidence that there Is not a professional soldier at the front on either side, who Is imposed on by the special pleading which was put up In this country In 1914 to avojd . utarupuon oi a political party, and In Germany to save the credit of a dynasty. The soldiers all damn the party politicians and the courtiers with the greatest hearti ness, and feel far more strongly against those who smoothly said peace when, there was no peace, and left us only half prepared to meet our engagements, than against the thorough going Tolstoyans. In the trenches there are plenty of Socialists, Internationalists, haters of war, men who read the Labour Lead er and eschew the Morning Post. But can any sane man's mind be to con fused as to suppose that thv raise white flags, or fold their arms and allow themselves to he killed, or rt. sire victory for the Hohenzollern? On the contrary, they are among the best of the fighting material. They, too. wish to dictate the terms of peace; and they know that they cannot do that If they are conquered. Must Defend Your Aelahbor. There is at home a childish sort of conceit that Imagines it to be pos sible for a member of a nation to say. I don't hold with war," or, "I don't hold with Lloyd George" or with Bonar Law or Russia or French re publicanism, or Barabbas. or what not and to refuse to help In the. war accordingly. But that does not sur vive a day at the front. When war overtakes you, you must fight, and fight to win, whether you are the aggressor or the aggrieved, whether you loathe war as the kingdom of hell on earth or regard it as the nursery of ail the virtues. It is not that ou must defend yourself or perish; many a man would be too proud to fight on those terms. You must defend your neighbor or betray him; that Is what gets you. You may swear never- again to vote for any person or party who had a hand in bringing about the war, or you may look forward with exultation to a century of triumphant khaki elections, but If you have an atom of common sense and sympathy with the man In the field, you will help your soldiers to victory for all you are worth, even If you are longing for the peace that will restore them to their homes and make the war seem an in credible nightmare from which Eu rope has awakened. This Is why there are no politics or pacifist agitations at the front, though there are more earnest poli ticians and pacifists there than any where else on earth. Kaiser As An Angel. The devastatloaVi of war are not all to be deplored. I shall not attempt to console those mourners for the Louvaln Library who have always voted against a penny rate for .a library In their own parish; and I will not pretend that Ypres and Arras are as pleasant to see as they were when I saw them In peace. But I have been a member of a sanitary authority concerned with the clearance of slum areas and the administration of building acts; and the tragedy of the Somme district be gan for me In some of the villages which have not been demolished, not In those which have. A comparison of what the Germans have done to Albert with what I should like to do to London or Manchester would make the Kaiser seem a veritable Angel of the Passover'beslde me. As to your medieval Cloth Halls and the like, what right had we to sponge on the Middle Ages for the beauty we would not produce ourselves? I say would not advisedly; those who say that we could not may be referred to the art school of Birmingham (of all places!), where Catterson Smith has taken the common English boy, with no more than a common taste for drawing, and elicited from him drawings that hae all the medieval qualities. As soon as we really want an Ypres of medieval charm we can have It. If we do not want It, no body but a handful of members of the Art Workers' Guild will surfer the smallest privation by the smashing of the Cloth Hall and the cathedral. I have loved these things and taken trouble to see them aa much as any man; but I know that as good fish are in the sea as ever came out of It, and better. When the affected taste for fish becomes a genuine Imperative arA petite, as It was from the twelfth century to the fifteenth, those fish will be caught. So blaze away, brave gunners on both sides; if you only slay enough Philistines and reduce Commercialism -to, ruins you may prove the best bujlders of all. Either "the best Is yet to be." or the sooner we all blow one another off the earth the better. of our army and their Toes that they had served but "To feed the crow on Talavera's plain- Ana fertilize the field that each pre tends to gain.' And now. It Is said, matters are worse. We sterilize the field that each pretends to gain. But Is this so? The artillery-major who obliging ly blew hair a field to bits for me so that I might see how It was done, assured me that be was doubling the value of the farmer's land by a super- plowing which no farmer could af ford. "But" ald i. "how are these pits to be filled up and smoothed over for the tillage r - "I could shove them together with a few charges of dynamite," he said; and.I lent a ready ear, aa I have al ways held that "to plow and hoe, to reap and sow, and be a farmer's boy" Is an unendurable lot and that artil lery will find Its true service In ag riculture, aa It has already done In locomotion (for your motor-car cylin der Is a cannon). But how of the effect of all this on NAYAL MILITIA GETS READYFOR SERVICE District Sailors Prepare to Leave for Norfolk on Mon- v day Night. Preparations for departure. Hen day night, for Norfolk, are under way, at the armory of the District Naval Militia, Water and O streets southwest. - Answering yesterday's call, num bers of the naval militia arrived'' at the armory at 8 o'clock: this morn ing and were ready for- the first master t io o'clock. Scenes of activity reigned at the armory today. All moraine- Innr-nn the men? Here there is nothing rea-ilr-citizen clothing were arrlvinr.-ani ..1.1. V 1st a. aa. faat, . al a a a a. . - . . V quicxiy- cnanginr to sailors' garB. Fields Super-Plowed. They tell us, too, that the Somme front Child enable to be said; we are face to face with the fact that pugnacity Is still Dart of human nature, and that civi lization Is In Its Infancy. Men will play at war when there are no bat tles to fight: their cinema films and magazine stories prove that war la a favorite food of their imagination they -volunteer for war without wait ing to be compelled; and they go Dac to It after suffering Its worst hard ships. When Garibaldi offered them starvation, wounds and death, they Jumped at the chance; when Maxzlni offered them In the mlllenlum they took no Interest In him. Fascinated By Warfare. At the front you see men coming frnrVi the trenches so tiredi that their mouths hang open, and you have only to read the pages of Mr. rairiCK jaac- glll to learn that nothing but the fascination of war could make their lot bearable. Others, returning to me trenches after their respite, are more serious and concerned. All of them would describe themselves as com pletely "fed up" with war. They are not Joking, nor singing songs, nor making the least pretense of enjoying themselves. But they are no more honelesslr wretched than I. An officer with whom I condoled on the unutterable (boredom of war ad mitted It to the fullest; but, men tioned, as a set-off. that "there la al ways something exciting." And-this something is nothing- but wax Itself. Men torn from civil life of the most prosperous and comfortable kind, and engaged In the most perilous service tinder conditions thaf would, one would suppose, make them envy a polar explorer, say without affectation that they have never been so happy. They seek terrors and hardships more determinedly than warm clothes, com fortable firesides, and security. The "never again" of the civilian papers, the apology for the war on the ground that it I to end war, finds no echo at the front -The soldier may! pity those who have been driven from their wrecked homes to wander on the face of the earth In helpless vaga bondage, and are the victims -of war without having any -part In It. He does not pity himself.- Great corre spondents like Mr. Philip GIbbs, finely sensitive to the miseries of the troops ana witn literary power epough. to convey a heartbrea&Insr sense of 1L nevertheless seek war out and see It through, fascinated by the spirit which drives men to endure and defy so mucn outrageous mischief and danger. Hell, Bat Not n Crime. The soldier says that war is .hell;, but e does not 'say-that la 'a crime. We make many aecusatlons'-agalnst Germany, some of them ridiculous enough In view of similar exploits of our own; but when a man becomes a soldier he, cease to blame her for bringing war upon Europe, though that Is the real grievance of pacifist morality against her. Therefore the moralizing which represents the waste and destruction, the tortures and terrors and sufferings of the war, as quite unmixed horrors, may be edi fying and human, but It is not true to nature at the front. Cads Made Gentlemen. It Is quite reasonable to hope that many a man who has gone Into the army a commercialized cad will come out of It a public-spirited gentle man. There will be ennobled men to set against maimed ones, and saved souls to set against dead bodies. This is an argument, not for the perpetua tion of war but for the purification of peace; but as long aa peace re mains unpurlfled, and war remains In some respects nobler, let us give It Its due and not deliver ourselves to the oppression of an unrelieved horror. There are drawbacks: fo.r if com merce at its worst makes a man a rogue, discipline at Its worst makes him an automaton; and a rogue Is better than an automaton, and often much less cruel. But the military automaton of the barrack Is a peace product of whom the vicissitudes and surprises of war make short work. The main objection to the huge mod ern military systems is not that they produce wars, but that they are re duced to absurdity for such long periods by peace. For the soldier In the field there Is something to be said, (or the soldier In the barracks, nothing. We had better reform the barracks and get rid of war; for, when all is said, war is a frightful calamity, and can be defended only on the ground that our inertia is so gross that nothing but gigantic calamities will Induce us to reform. Politicians roasesa Power. The power to make peace, and the re sponsibility for war and Its enormous mischiefs, doces not rest with the army, but with the politicians at home, who wield this monitrous engine -of death and devastation. As to the heroes, who do not desire peace, there will be for them the "men tal fight" of William Blake, who. long after Waterloo, did not let hU sword sleep In his hand. His Jerusalem Is still to be built; and It will not be built with howitzers. They are too easy to fire. (Copj r't, 1917, by the Wheeler Syndicate. Inc.) Under the arm of each there rested a bundle, containing the personal equipment of the sailor. Although all members of the organization have not yet reported to the armory. 'It to expected that all will have answered roll call by tonight - ISO Going t Norfolk. The full contingent of the Naval Militia .of the District. Is JM men. Of these, 120 probably will be sent to Norfolk, while the other wiU re main here for a time. Just what will be "done with the men when they reach the Norfolk navy yard Is not known; It is gen erally conceded, however, that they will be held in the barracks 'tSere. In general service, which correspond to the "unasslgned status In the army. As vacancies occur on board the ships they will be called on. The members of the District naval militia are national navaT volunteers. following their muster-Is- today. The physical and practical 'examinations were held today, while those of the petty officers have been held for the Mast three weeks. The petty officers who passed the examination will-retain their status In the national naval volunteers. Four Divisions. The District naval militia has four divisions, of forty men. each. Three of the divisions are. seamen's divisions. the other one belnc what Is knows as an' engineer division. Landing equipment was received last night. This equipment consists of picks, shovel, maddocks, and other implements needed. ,to. throw up trenehes. . Other equipment to.be car ried by the .men. wllL consist of rifles. cartridge, belts, bayonets, hammocks. two suit of "blues," four suits of "whites," overalls, and pack carrier outfits. , There' are many men. employed la the Navy Yard who are mernbers of the District naval jnllltla. But under the orders Issued last night, these men will not be exempted from duty. Neither will married 'men be excused as In the case of national guardsmen. Can Sleep At Armory. Members of the naval militia will not be required' to stay at the armory tonight after ( o'clock, although those who desire may sleep thereto avoid taking a long trip home. Guard will be maintained at the building during the night contlnoualy. Those In charge . of the District NavaT Mllilla are? Comdr. R. B. Brumett commanding; the battalion; Lieut. D, Johnston, commanding- tha first division; Lieut. W. K. Hoeier, commanding the second division; En sign J. ,B. Barrett commanding the third division, and Lieut, josepn J. Porter, commanding the fourth dlvt- alon. Other officer are Lieut. F. I. Mudge. chief .engineer; Lieut, H. I Crawford, executive office-: Lieut C. G. A. Johnson, paymaster; M. It. Flnley. assistant paymaster; Lieuc A. P. Tlbbets. surgeon, ana Chester G. GrotT. assistant surgeon.1 CHINA BANS OPIUM TRADE Government Takea Over'AU Stock of Drug. The opium trade. Immemorial scourge or China, nu.como u . end. . The Chinese government, accorainn- to a. dlanatch to the State .Depart ment today, has formally taken over all private stocks or me arug will use It for the extraction of morphia for' medical purposes. So extensive were the private hold ings, and so high the present price -of the drug7.40O gold per chest the government' has been forced to Issue thirty-year bonds to finance the seizure. WHArS ON PROGRAM Interesting Event of Importance Scheduled Today. TO HONOR U. S. UNIFORM D. A. R. Expected to Discuss Move ment for Saluting Wearers. The movement to show respect for the uniform of this country by salut ing the Individual wearer was given Impetus today, when Mrs. William Cummlng Story, president general of the Daugfiters of the American Revo lution, said the matter probably will come up for discussion at the annual meeting of the Continental Congress qf the D. A. R.. April 16. The movement was begun by av group of girls at 016 Colorado build ing, newly organized as the Order of True Americans, of which Dr. J. V. Down was elected president. Meanwhile, the girls who orig inated the plan are working to Insure Its general adoption. -Steps are being Reaolnr of Ppw. "Te BaUtlons ox Art to FlUlOSOpoy. OT an. w ui v Johnston, before Society for Philosophical Inaulnr. Public Library. 4. p. m. Lecture, "Let Wo Forxvt." uy turn ixhum CutU Powell, the Portland, t p. m. Meeting of Army and Navy Union Drum Corps aiiaxneu la. riwnwii a vwn uaxri- n No. 104. Union Station. 7 D. m. Meeting- of Federation of CItltena Associa tion. Doara room, Aiumcisau aauamWt Mretlnc of Blolodeal Society of Washington. rTnamoa Club. S D. m. Lectura on Christian Science by Charlsa T. Ohrenstein, Ingram aiemonai uiurcn. fsnia street and Massachusetts avenue northeast. S p. m. Meatlng of Maine State Association. Vf. C T. U. Hall. 52 Sixth street northwest. 1p.m. Annual business masting. Friends' Alumni Association. Talk by Congressman M. Clyde Kslly before Pennsylvania Society, Elsrsnth and S streets northwest, t p. m. Tea by College Equal Sun-rags League, suf frage headquarters, 1C Rhode Island ave nue, i-t p. m. Odd Fallows Canton Washington, No. 1. Pa triarchs Militant. Amusements. Belasco "Very Good Eddie." :) and l9 p. tn. New National "Twin Beds." ziO and t n- .. . j New roil tracers, in -aubs, wnere D. Poll', Do Tou uve. : ana .i p. m. n t Trith'a VaudeTllIe. !:U and l:U n. m. Gayetr Burlesque. 2.U and 1:11 p. m. Loesi columDia. roeieiMajs. auv m. 19 11 p. m. Rtrand-PhotoDlars. 11 a. m. to 11 p. m. Garden Photoplays. 11 a, m. to 11 p. m. Tomorrow. Lecture, "Martial, the Epigrammatist." by Prof. KIrby Flower smltn. Derore Wash ington Classical Club, Fairmont Seminary, 4.30 p. tn. Lectura, "Some Books That Have Influenced Foetal Keronn Movements- oy jjt. ueorx F Bowerman. before Liberal Religious Union. All Souls' Church. Ian. Open house at T. W. H. A., UN Tenth street northwest. S p. m. . Address. "Why Peace Movements Rave Failed." by dt tuna cole, before Bahal Assembly of Washington. Studio Hall. Ills Connecticut avenue. CIS r. m. Examination of candidates for otflcers re serve corps. Fort Myer. 9 a. ro. Address. "Individual Liberty and Social Con trol, oy r-ror .retry it. manner, before secular league, t-vinian Temple, 1 p. re. Is blasted and ruined forever, taken to brlnr It before all ofganlza-xl v..ut" ; "hSST?,: TS e. Harold. In the Peninsula, said ' tions eX woman. ' laS?l?m. . '" T i V Fk,