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THE "WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY, APRIL"7,r 19i7.
Entered as second class matter at the Post-e-fflce
at Washington. D. C. .
Published Every Evening (Including Sundays)
By The Washington Times Company.
MTOCSBT BHILDINq. Pennsylvania Avenne.
FRANK A. MUNSEY President
It. H. TITHCRIJfGTON Secretary
FRED A. WALKER , .Treasurer
On Tear (Including- Sundays). USD
Six Month. H.T5. Three Monthi. We.
8ATUIIDAT. APRIL. 7. 1917.
First, the Straitjacket
There is only one way in which
the members of the Emergency
Peace Federation and the rest of the
pacifists can help dethrone the
Kaiser. This is by getting behind
the guns of the United States. Be
fore "helping" a violently insane
man it is necessary to put him in a
straitjacket. When the German
people have been sufficiently calmed
by an international straitjacket it
may be possible then to "help" them
comprehend and remove the cause
of their mental disorder. ,
In Words of One Syllable
many will shortly be undeceived if it
counts upon the Just criticism of
earlier times as proof that this na
tion is unprepared, for war,
The Neffro and Germany's Offer for
The Attorney General of the
United States, who is required to be
a meet person, learned in the law,
might have issued a warning to those
who are technically alien enemies of
the United States resident therein,
to the effect that obedience to the
statutes made and provided was
hereby enjoined and that silence con
cerning questions of -doubtful dispu
tation was commended. What he did
say was more readily understood:
"Obey the law; keep your mouth
There is hardly a German family
in the United States, some member
of which cannot translate that into
German. The school children can be
requisitioned for the task. Never
theless, jt will be in order for the
erman-American press to print it
in box-oar type. It comes natural to
any good German, trained in his
own country, to respect authority
and obey the law. One should
henceforth understand also that a
certain kind of conversation either in
public or private is verboten.
Right-Hand Exploitation of Left-
Having done all his feeble best to
oppose the President in his efforts
to avert war, from the private
memorandum to Ambassador Dumba,
following the first Lusitania note, to
the criticism of the President's Sen
ate address on peace to be enforced
by the nations; later having tried to
induce Congress to prevent the arm
ing of the merchant ships and again
to 'oppose the declaration of war, the
Honorable William Jennings Bryan
poses today as a patriot who is al
most too good to be true.
He offers, to be enrolled as a pri
vate soldier until called to the col
ors. That is pretty cheap. The
painful fact is that Bryan is too old
and fat to enlist as a private soldier,
and he will never be called to the
colors in that capacity. His
humility, in this part of the pro-
rram, has not been equaled since
With an ignorance amazing in its
profundity, Berlin has withdrawn the
State of Texas from its offer of
prizes to Mexico and tenders it as
a gift to the negroes of the South
in return for a revolt against the
United States Government
Could greater effrontery be con
ceived? Could more crass ignorance
It is characteristic of Berlin that
it deals always without knowledge
of the other fellow. It was so in
Belgium, in Mexico, in Japan. It is
especially true in this tender for the
disloyalty of the Southern negro. He
is and has always been loyalty per
sonified. His devotion, personal and
as a race, has been demonstrated
through a long series of trials. He
is farthest from being a plotter or
No finer declaration of allegiance,
no more compelling affirmation of
loyalty has been made since the war
with Germany appeared inevitable
than that made by Roscoe Conkling
Simmons, a Louisville negro, who
addressing a gathering of his own
people delivered the following pa
triotic and inspiring appeal:
"We have a, record to defend, but
no treason, thank God, to atone or ex
plain. Whlle.ln chains we fought to
free white men from Lexington to
Carrlzal and returned again to our
chains. No negro has ever Insulted
the flag. No negro ever struck down
a President of these United States.
No negro ever sold a military map
or secrets to a foreign government.
No negro ever ran under fire or lost
an opportunity to serve, to fight, to
bleed, and to die in the republic's
cause. Accuse us of what you will
justly and wrongly no man can
point to a single Instance of our dis
loyalty. "We have but one country and one
flag-, the flag that set us free. Its
language is our only tongue, and no
hyphen bridges or qualifies our
loyalty. Today the nation faces Jan-.
ger from a foreign foe. treason stalks
and skulks up and down our land. In
dark councils Intrigue Is being hatch
ed. I am a Republican, but a W Uson
Republican. Woodrow Wilson Is my
leader. What he commands me to do
I shall do. Where he commands me
to go I shall go. If he calls me to
the colors, I shall not ask whether
my colonel Is black or white. I shall
be there to pick out r.o color except
the white of the enemy's eye. Griev
ances I, have against this people,
against" this" Government. Injustice to
me there Is, bad laws there are upon
the statute books, but in this hour of
peril I forget and jou must forget
all thoughts of self or rate, or creed,
or politics, or color. That, bos, is
Berlin did not know the negro of
the United States when it offered
Texas as the price of disloyalty.
Serious Charges Against a Judge
They say the brazen "glrly-glrly show.
In valiant hosts of marshaled leg's
Hath power to move the Man soul
with Its charms;
Producers say it, and It may be co;
But I, whenever I am forced to go,
find me still wandering- from Its
To some slight girl whose very shy
A braid, a breath of lilies, and you
The world sets store by orchids, tu
All sorts of hothouse blooms from
I'd not swap a potato crisply fried
For all the tulips that have lived
But yesterday I -found a violet.
And then my cup of Joy was full,
Consciences at Front
Untroubled Over War
George Bernard Shaw Writes of Attitude of
Fighters Toward Moral Issues Involved In
Hostilities Between Nations.
Tly GEORGE DERXARD gltAW,
If, as is likely enough, you are In , eventually uproot
Onr Own Wall Mottoes.
I SHALL, IDLE
WITH A SEIDEL,
THE KETTLE DRUMS.
Sir: Here's a bit of dialogue I m,r.
heard In a cabaret the other night:
"WBafs all the kitchen utensils
doln In front of the orchestra?"
"They're the drummer's traps," was
"So? Hardware drummer?"
a hopeless moral muddle about the
war. you may be curious as to how
they reconcile It with their consci
ence at the front to heap death on
destruction In the amazing manner I
have tried to describe In the two pre
vious articles, and whether I write as
a human being or a fiend when I
shamelessly avow that I enjoyed my
week at the front much more than I
enjoyed my last week at the seaside.
To take the latter and lesser point
first, war does not blot out the glory
of the sun or the spacious beauty of
the broad fields of France In their
dazzling robe of snow; and a hungry
and social man does not enjoy a meal
and good company at quarters or
headquarters any the less because the
table Is a mess-table, even when the
windows are shaken by occasional
shells going or coming.
Talking about the war among sol
diers Is not depressing and sometimes
revolting, like talking about It among
civilians. To the civilian the war Is
often not a war at all; It Is asquab
Greenwich Village Correspondent.
After many weeks of comparative
monotony the village at last has a
real sensation. Molly's celebrated
feedery Is haunted. Artists and paint
ers starting out for the evening's
recreation at 1 or 2 a, m. have seen,
pressed against a front window pine,
the sad but familiar face of their old
friend Mike, the waiter. Whenever
they have spoken to him he has in
It was less than a .year ago that
Mike disappeared from Molly's never
to be seen again In the .flesh 'or.ts the
village took up a collection ac i re
ward for the recovery of Mlk. lad
or alive, and -18 cents was realized in
cash and pledges.
Mike, It will be remembered, was
one of the best natured Hungarian
goulash handlers that ever made his
public appearance in shirt sleeves.
Single handed he used to deliver tire
orders of fifteen or twenty villagers
and the eighty -or ninety slummers
who visit Molly's dally. And how
ever many things you asked for,
Mike always brought you at least
one of them.
If every one who disagreed with
the findings of a court were permit
ted to jeopardize the standing of its
chief officer, there would be no sta
bility in our legal system. The pub
lic is slow to believe accusations
against the bench. That very fact
makes it of vital importance that the
Uriah Heep made his debut on the highest standards should be continu-
pages of fiction.
Bryan then assures an attentive
world that he is going to contribute
through the American Red Cross to
, the comfort of the soldiers in the
tiopitals. Millions of American
citizens have contributed to that or
ganization without taking the
trouble to advertise through the
press dispatches. We move that the
Bryan fund be set apart for the
purchase of grape-juice and that no
soldier be required to drink it with
out due notice that it is a gift from
Finally the great Commoner is
gong to contribute to the Y. M. C
A., "to aid in safeguarding the
morals of the men in camp.'' Only
Bryan always calls itj "mauls."
Prudence, Piety, and Philanthropy
are Bryan's Heavenly Triplets,
Criticism ' of the unprepared con
dition of the country was a high
patriotic duty at one time. That
time has passed. The occasion for
it no longer exists. The repetition
now of a familiar statement that
nothing has been done in three years,
and especially nothing in the last
two months, would be as unfortu
nate as untrue.
There will be no changes in the
Cabinet unless the need for such
change is proved in the process of
conducting the war. The Commander-in-chief
of the Army and Navy of
the United States should be pre
sumed to know what he is about
Criticism there should now wait upon
proved incompetency or misconduct
That the country is not prepared
to undertake a war of invasion, ex
cent perhaps with a small expedi
tionary force of the regular army,
for the moral effect of having the
United States flag wave beside the
Union Jack and the Tri-color of
France, goes without saying. That
will be remedied as soon as an army
can be recruited. But the navy is
ready for its task. The Federal Re
serve Board precludes the old appeal
to private bankers for war funds.
The Council of National Defense has
organized the country's industrial re
sources in a marvelous way, and the
experience of Great Britain, in fail
ure and success, is at our disposal.
The imperial government of Ger-
The action of Henry A. Wise in
filing charges with the Judiciary
Committee of the House of Repre
sentatives against Judge George W.
Ray, of Norwich, N. Y., is not the
first intimation of an unfortunate,
state of affairs. Some twelve years
ago, Solicitor General Hoyt accused
Judge Ray of unreasonably retard
ing the disposition of a case which
had been before him for fifteen
months. Four years ago, the Cayuga
County Bar Association is said to
have protested against the court's
treatment of a lawyer.
In the case referred to by Mr.
Wise, a higher court reversed a deci
sion of Judge Ray because of re
marks which he is alleged to have
made about the jury. It would seem
that these facts are enough to jus
tify an examination of the records.
If it can be shown that Judge Ray
is worthy of continued confidence all
good citizens will be glad to be as
sured of the fact But for his own
sake, as well as for the protection of
the public such charges as have
been made should not go unan
swered. It Is about time for Indiana to or
ganize an Association of Election
Stealers. Prominent members of both
parties with social position unas
sailed are eligible for membership.
But Mike Has naturally a high
brow and the strain of listening to
the scraps of conversation that he
could not avoid ultimately began to
tell on blm. "I can't stand It much
longer!" I have heard him murmur
many times, half to .himself. And
once when a youthful Bohemlenne
observed to "a hook-nosed Mexican
revolutionist. "Don't ou think Han
del's Largo is Just perfectly dear?"
Mike poised a "plate of baked" high
In the air as If he were going to
bean some one. Indeed.
Sooner or later the poor fellow wss
bound to break down. Just what
caused bis eventual dissolution no
one can say. His heart must have
become weakened, and it la barely
possible that In. some extraordinary
fit of absent mlndedness one of the
villagers offered him a tip.
Wonder If Vardaman had heard the
atotles of German Intriguing for a
nigro uprising when he voted aga'nsl
the declaration of war?
Germany Is now lamenting that
she did not sign the Bryan treaty,
which would have held us off for a
year more. But It has been two years
since the Lusitania went down.
Says the Rhenlsche Westfallsche
Zeltung: "Beyond striving for gold
me Americana nave no laeai. mat
Is simply the German way of saying
that we have put the dollar mark, on
the AmerJcan flag.
The sinking of the Belgian relief
ships leaves a smaller amount of
food for the Germans In Belgium to
The United States Navy receives a
considerable addition to Its tonnage
through the propeuMiy f G.-nnany
f sink American vessels.
The Mltchel-Wagner mountain pro
duced the most diminutive mouse
tliat ever scooted into a hole.
And D. E. H. wants us to know
that Mr. John B. Mudd is a member
of the road commission of Baltimore,
Opinions On Prohibition.
CONFUCIUS We tried It here In
our time, and a man Invented opium
because of it.
TENNYSON It'll be the death of
poetry; but probably that's the reason
It's so popularj .
SHAKESPEARE Thou canst not
shake thy thirsty .head at me; thou
cans't never say I advocated It.
THOMAS JEFFERSON Les Liberte.
NAPOLEAN .Prohibition Is all
right for the dead; but sub rosa
I got away with Austerlltz on brsCndy.
HUERTA It wouldn't bother me
RABELAIS Abandon hope all ye
who enter the grapejulcery!
BYRON I wrote "Don Juan" on a
hundred bottles of Burgundy. The
water drinkers tried to answer It
But who were they anyway?
DANIEL WEBSTER A sign of
national decadence. A country that
Is too cowardly to drink Is on the
ROBERT BURNS I should prohibit
the use of alcohol In the arts and
sciences, but not otherwise.
SWINBURNE After Watts Dunton
took my brandy from me I petered
out. Benjamin De Casseres.
WILL DANCE IN BARE LEGS
harvard Boys Can In Cambridge,
But Not So In Boston.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.. April 7. Even
If the city censor of Boston has for
bidden them to dance In their bare
legs In thRt palace of propriety, the
Harvard Hasty Pudding Club boys. In
their feminine roles, will plrouetto
with undraped legs at their Initial
and private performance here tonight.
Of course when they go to Boston
Thursday they'll have to wear stock
ings In their back to nature scenes
from "Barnum Was Right." Censor
John J. Casey has decreed that their
bareMegs would be a shock to discreet
Boston. Mayor Curley agrees with
him. And that ends It There will
be no bare legs In Boston.
Whether the boys will have to wear
'em when they appear on Broadway
with their show Monday has not been
determined; but It's a act that the
police made the Winter Garden girls
put their 'tookles on not long since.
8ULZER TO RAI8E BRIGADE.
NEW YORK, April 7 William 8ul
zer, ex-governor of New York, asked
Government sanction to recruit and
raulp a "brigade for service at home
ble, to be conducted by writing
anonymous postcards and throwing a
dead cat back, and forward over the
garden wall. To him, when a British
soldier kills a German soldier. It Is a
heroic deed; when a German soldier
kills a British one. It Is a dastardly
War Induces Thought.
No soldier on service goes on like
that All the thoughtful soldiers
(and war makes soldiers very
thoughtful) clearly understand that
there Is a morality of war quite dis
tinct from the morality of peace, Just
as the morality of an Interview with
a tiger In the Jungle Is distinct from
the morality of an Interview with a
missionary; but they do not ridicu
lously condemn the actions of their
enemy In terms of the peace morality
whilst they Justify their own In
terras of the war morality.
Pacifism does not trouble the high
er command In the least. The Quak
ers cannot teach an army commander,
much less a commander-in-chief,
anything about the horrors of war.
He can shake hands whole-heartedly
with President Wilson both on that
point and on the abstract desirability
of avoiding a victory. A victory for
anybody is a victory for war; and
whether your general Is professional
ized enough to desire a victory for
war or humane enough to deprecate
It, the practical moral for him Is the
same: he strains every nerve to avoid
a victory for the other fellow. And
the other fellow does the same.
Thus all the tangle and tedium of
the controversy between the spaclflst
and the militarist disappears on the
battlefield; for whether you fight for
victory or fight to make victory Im
possible, the result Is the same: you
fight like the very devil an) how. The
piety of the Kaiser, whose favorite
reading. If I am Tightly Informed, Is
a collection of Bishop Boyd Carpenter's
sermons, which he has had transla
ted expressly to be-read aloud to him,
produces exactly the same result In
the field as that worship of Wotan
and Thor with which he Is absurdly
credited, or as the enthusiastic athe
Ism of Frederick the Great.
Moat Go Through With It.
I did not ask Sir Douglas Halg or
Sir Henry Rawllnson whether they
sympathized with Quaker Stephen
Hobhouse or with fire eating Admiral
Fisher, not because It would have
heen Indiscreet for they put me ex
tremely at my ease by their frank
ness and hospitality but because It
did not matter.. For good or evil,
when once the cause Is staked on the
word. Cromwell, Washington, and
Lincoln must go through with It as
resolutely as Ivan the Terrible, Alex
ander, or Napoleon. The more they
desire the end of the war, the harder
they must fight to reach it.
When clever literary amateurs
like Von Bernhardt or the late Gen
eral Butler pontificate about war be
ing a biological necessity. It Is well
that Dr. Chalmers Mitchell, as a pro
fessional biologist, should demon
strate that if they understood biology
they would know better; but when
the enemy's barrage rains on you or
his bayonet makes for your stomach,
the biology does not matter and the
necessity does; all you need consid
er then Is that the best parry Is a
thrust, and the best way out of a
barrage the way toward the gun.
One does not trouble about the danger
of damp sheets when the house Is on
fire: and. granted, as much as you
like that both we and the Germans
ought to have managed better than
to go to war, now that we have done
It we must put our backs Into It, not
sparing our souls at home any more
than the soldiers spare their bodies
Good Fight First Duty.
They tell me that even the German
prisoners often show an eager Inter
est In the safety and sucess of their
new comrades. This Is not really
more strange than that French and
British soldiers should be fighting on
the same side, or that IrlsTt soldiers
whose patriotism consists In an Im
placable political hostility to England
Khnuld carry her flag, or the French
flag, or any flag, to victory sooner
than fall In the supreme auiy or put
ting up a good fight. This may seem
to you a queer morajlty, a boyish
morality, a silly and destructive
morality; but It Is a real one; and
unless you can understand It you
will never be any use to your coun
try or any other country during a
war. Please note that It la, within
camp limits a cosmopolitan, super
national, essentially neighborly mor
ality, and, therefore one which
It specially behooves a pacifist to un
derstand. A celebrated civilian playright put
Into the mouth of a ruinously pious
klne- the sentiment that "Thrice is
he armed that hath his quarrel just."
Setting aside the obvious comment
that there are no Just quarrels in the
world, because when people qravrel
the- cease to be Just, and If they had
betn Just before they would not have
quarrelled one must say bluntly that
war Is not concerned with the Justice
of Its quarrel. That Is one of the
main objections to war 'as an In
stitution, and the one that will
It from humane
morality. But Jt Is too late to con
alder It When the awnrri la Hi-awn
You cannot vindicate outraged mor
ality by surrendering or allowing
yourself to be beaten. On the con
trary, if you are in the wrong and
desire to acknowledge It and make
amends you must achieve victory or
your amends can have no value.
A An Offered. Ransom.
J-t us suppose for the sake of
argument that the Kaiser becomes
convinced that his declamation of war
was a crime; that It Is his duty to
restore "Lorraine to France and
Schleswlg to Denmark; that he. owes
Belgium an apology and a colossal
indemnity; and that he should make
us a present of his fleet aid confine
German activity to the land. If he
were to do tuts now assuming, of
course, that his subjects would not
at once consign him to an Irrenan
stalt), there would be no grace nor
moral significance In the operation;
It would be Interpreted vImply as
the ransqm offered by a defeated
combatant Only with his foot on
our necks could he make an artmlr-
lng and edified world dub him W1I
helm the Magnanimous.
I press this on the consideration of
me iiriusn citizens who has qualms
of conscience about our part In the
war. ,xie nas plenty of partisans in
the trenches. I can assure him with
some confidence that there Is not a
professional soldier at the front on
either side, who Is imposed on by
the special pleading which was put
up In this country In 1914 to avojd
. utarupuon oi a political party,
and In Germany to save the credit
of a dynasty. The soldiers all damn
the party politicians and the
courtiers with the greatest hearti
ness, and feel far more strongly
against those who smoothly said
peace when, there was no peace, and
left us only half prepared to meet
our engagements, than against the
thorough going Tolstoyans.
In the trenches there are plenty of
Socialists, Internationalists, haters of
war, men who read the Labour Lead
er and eschew the Morning Post. But
can any sane man's mind be to con
fused as to suppose that thv raise
white flags, or fold their arms and
allow themselves to he killed, or rt.
sire victory for the Hohenzollern? On
the contrary, they are among the best
of the fighting material. They, too.
wish to dictate the terms of peace;
and they know that they cannot do
that If they are conquered.
Must Defend Your Aelahbor.
There is at home a childish sort
of conceit that Imagines it to be pos
sible for a member of a nation to say.
I don't hold with war," or, "I don't
hold with Lloyd George" or with
Bonar Law or Russia or French re
publicanism, or Barabbas. or what
not and to refuse to help In the. war
accordingly. But that does not sur
vive a day at the front. When war
overtakes you, you must fight, and
fight to win, whether you are the
aggressor or the aggrieved, whether
you loathe war as the kingdom of
hell on earth or regard it as the
nursery of ail the virtues.
It is not that ou must defend
yourself or perish; many a man would
be too proud to fight on those terms.
You must defend your neighbor or
betray him; that Is what gets you.
You may swear never- again to vote
for any person or party who had a
hand in bringing about the war, or
you may look forward with exultation
to a century of triumphant khaki
elections, but If you have an atom of
common sense and sympathy with the
man In the field, you will help your
soldiers to victory for all you are
worth, even If you are longing for the
peace that will restore them to their
homes and make the war seem an in
credible nightmare from which Eu
rope has awakened.
This Is why there are no politics
or pacifist agitations at the front,
though there are more earnest poli
ticians and pacifists there than any
where else on earth.
Kaiser As An Angel.
The devastatloaVi of war are not all
to be deplored. I shall not attempt
to console those mourners for the
Louvaln Library who have always
voted against a penny rate for .a
library In their own parish; and
I will not pretend that Ypres
and Arras are as pleasant to
see as they were when I saw them In
peace. But I have been a member of
a sanitary authority concerned with
the clearance of slum areas and the
administration of building acts; and
the tragedy of the Somme district be
gan for me In some of the villages
which have not been demolished, not
In those which have. A comparison
of what the Germans have done to
Albert with what I should like to
do to London or Manchester would
make the Kaiser seem a veritable
Angel of the Passover'beslde me.
As to your medieval Cloth Halls and
the like, what right had we to sponge
on the Middle Ages for the beauty
we would not produce ourselves? I
say would not advisedly; those who
say that we could not may be referred
to the art school of Birmingham (of
all places!), where Catterson Smith
has taken the common English boy,
with no more than a common taste
for drawing, and elicited from him
drawings that hae all the medieval
qualities. As soon as we really want
an Ypres of medieval charm we can
have It. If we do not want It, no
body but a handful of members of
the Art Workers' Guild will surfer the
smallest privation by the smashing
of the Cloth Hall and the cathedral.
I have loved these things and taken
trouble to see them aa much as any
man; but I know that as good fish are
in the sea as ever came out of It, and
better. When the affected taste for
fish becomes a genuine Imperative arA
petite, as It was from the twelfth
century to the fifteenth, those fish
will be caught. So blaze away, brave
gunners on both sides; if you only
slay enough Philistines and reduce
Commercialism -to, ruins you may
prove the best bujlders of all. Either
"the best Is yet to be." or the sooner
we all blow one another off the earth
of our army and their Toes that they
had served but
"To feed the crow on Talavera's plain-
Ana fertilize the field that each pre
tends to gain.'
And now. It Is said, matters are
worse. We sterilize the field that
each pretends to gain. But Is this
so? The artillery-major who obliging
ly blew hair a field to bits for me
so that I might see how It was done,
assured me that be was doubling the
value of the farmer's land by a super-
plowing which no farmer could af
ford. "But" ald i. "how are these pits
to be filled up and smoothed over for
the tillage r
- "I could shove them together with
a few charges of dynamite," he said;
and.I lent a ready ear, aa I have al
ways held that "to plow and hoe, to
reap and sow, and be a farmer's boy"
Is an unendurable lot and that artil
lery will find Its true service In ag
riculture, aa It has already done In
locomotion (for your motor-car cylin
der Is a cannon).
But how of the effect of all this on
NAYAL MILITIA GETS
District Sailors Prepare to
Leave for Norfolk on Mon-
v day Night.
Preparations for departure. Hen
day night, for Norfolk, are under
way, at the armory of the District
Naval Militia, Water and O streets
Answering yesterday's call, num
bers of the naval militia arrived'' at
the armory at 8 o'clock: this morn
ing and were ready for- the first
master t io o'clock.
Scenes of activity reigned at the
armory today. All moraine- Innr-nn
the men? Here there is nothing rea-ilr-citizen clothing were arrlvinr.-ani
..1.1. V 1st a. aa. faat, . al a a a a. . - . . V
quicxiy- cnanginr to sailors' garB.
They tell us, too, that the Somme
enable to be said; we are face to face
with the fact that pugnacity Is still
Dart of human nature, and that civi
lization Is In Its Infancy. Men will
play at war when there are no bat
tles to fight: their cinema films and
magazine stories prove that war la a
favorite food of their imagination
they -volunteer for war without wait
ing to be compelled; and they go Dac
to It after suffering Its worst hard
ships. When Garibaldi offered them
starvation, wounds and death, they
Jumped at the chance; when Maxzlni
offered them In the mlllenlum they
took no Interest In him.
Fascinated By Warfare.
At the front you see men coming
frnrVi the trenches so tiredi that their
mouths hang open, and you have only
to read the pages of Mr. rairiCK jaac-
glll to learn that nothing but the
fascination of war could make their
lot bearable. Others, returning to me
trenches after their respite, are more
serious and concerned. All of them
would describe themselves as com
pletely "fed up" with war. They are
not Joking, nor singing songs, nor
making the least pretense of enjoying
themselves. But they are no more
honelesslr wretched than I.
An officer with whom I condoled on
the unutterable (boredom of war ad
mitted It to the fullest; but, men
tioned, as a set-off. that "there la al
ways something exciting." And-this
something is nothing- but wax Itself.
Men torn from civil life of the most
prosperous and comfortable kind, and
engaged In the most perilous service
tinder conditions thaf would, one
would suppose, make them envy a
polar explorer, say without affectation
that they have never been so happy.
They seek terrors and hardships more
determinedly than warm clothes, com
fortable firesides, and security.
The "never again" of the civilian
papers, the apology for the war on the
ground that it I to end war, finds no
echo at the front -The soldier may!
pity those who have been driven from
their wrecked homes to wander on the
face of the earth In helpless vaga
bondage, and are the victims -of war
without having any -part In It. He
does not pity himself.- Great corre
spondents like Mr. Philip GIbbs, finely
sensitive to the miseries of the troops
ana witn literary power epough. to
convey a heartbrea&Insr sense of 1L
nevertheless seek war out and see It
through, fascinated by the spirit
which drives men to endure and defy
so mucn outrageous mischief and
Hell, Bat Not n Crime.
The soldier says that war is .hell;,
but e does not 'say-that la 'a crime.
We make many aecusatlons'-agalnst
Germany, some of them ridiculous
enough In view of similar exploits of
our own; but when a man becomes
a soldier he, cease to blame her for
bringing war upon Europe, though
that Is the real grievance of pacifist
morality against her. Therefore
the moralizing which represents the
waste and destruction, the tortures
and terrors and sufferings of the war,
as quite unmixed horrors, may be edi
fying and human, but It is not true to
nature at the front.
Cads Made Gentlemen.
It Is quite reasonable to hope that
many a man who has gone Into the
army a commercialized cad will come
out of It a public-spirited gentle
man. There will be ennobled men to
set against maimed ones, and saved
souls to set against dead bodies. This
is an argument, not for the perpetua
tion of war but for the purification
of peace; but as long aa peace re
mains unpurlfled, and war remains
In some respects nobler, let us give
It Its due and not deliver ourselves
to the oppression of an unrelieved
There are drawbacks: fo.r if com
merce at its worst makes a man a
rogue, discipline at Its worst makes
him an automaton; and a rogue Is
better than an automaton, and often
much less cruel. But the military
automaton of the barrack Is a peace
product of whom the vicissitudes and
surprises of war make short work.
The main objection to the huge mod
ern military systems is not that they
produce wars, but that they are re
duced to absurdity for such long
periods by peace. For the soldier In
the field there Is something to be
said, (or the soldier In the barracks,
nothing. We had better reform the
barracks and get rid of war; for,
when all is said, war is a frightful
calamity, and can be defended only
on the ground that our inertia is so
gross that nothing but gigantic
calamities will Induce us to reform.
Politicians roasesa Power.
The power to make peace, and the re
sponsibility for war and Its enormous
mischiefs, doces not rest with the army,
but with the politicians at home, who
wield this monitrous engine -of death
As to the heroes, who do not desire
peace, there will be for them the "men
tal fight" of William Blake, who. long
after Waterloo, did not let hU sword
sleep In his hand. His Jerusalem Is still
to be built; and It will not be built with
howitzers. They are too easy to fire.
(Copj r't, 1917, by the Wheeler Syndicate. Inc.)
Under the arm of each there rested
a bundle, containing the personal
equipment of the sailor. Although
all members of the organization have
not yet reported to the armory. 'It to
expected that all will have answered
roll call by tonight -
ISO Going t Norfolk.
The full contingent of the Naval
Militia .of the District. Is JM men.
Of these, 120 probably will be sent
to Norfolk, while the other wiU re
main here for a time.
Just what will be "done with the
men when they reach the Norfolk
navy yard Is not known; It is gen
erally conceded, however, that they
will be held in the barracks 'tSere.
In general service, which correspond
to the "unasslgned status In the
army. As vacancies occur on board
the ships they will be called on.
The members of the District naval
militia are national navaT volunteers.
following their muster-Is- today. The
physical and practical 'examinations
were held today, while those of the
petty officers have been held for the
Mast three weeks. The petty officers
who passed the examination will-retain
their status In the national naval
The District naval militia has four
divisions, of forty men. each. Three
of the divisions are. seamen's divisions.
the other one belnc what Is knows
as an' engineer division.
Landing equipment was received
last night. This equipment consists
of picks, shovel, maddocks, and other
implements needed. ,to. throw up
trenehes. . Other equipment to.be car
ried by the .men. wllL consist of rifles.
cartridge, belts, bayonets, hammocks.
two suit of "blues," four suits of
"whites," overalls, and pack carrier
There' are many men. employed la
the Navy Yard who are mernbers of
the District naval jnllltla. But under
the orders Issued last night, these
men will not be exempted from duty.
Neither will married 'men be excused
as In the case of national guardsmen.
Can Sleep At Armory.
Members of the naval militia will
not be required' to stay at the armory
tonight after ( o'clock, although those
who desire may sleep thereto avoid
taking a long trip home. Guard will
be maintained at the building during
the night contlnoualy.
Those In charge . of the District
NavaT Mllilla are? Comdr. R. B.
Brumett commanding; the battalion;
Lieut. D, Johnston, commanding- tha
first division; Lieut. W. K. Hoeier,
commanding the second division; En
sign J. ,B. Barrett commanding the
third division, and Lieut, josepn J.
Porter, commanding the fourth dlvt-
alon. Other officer are Lieut. F. I.
Mudge. chief .engineer; Lieut, H. I
Crawford, executive office-: Lieut C.
G. A. Johnson, paymaster; M. It.
Flnley. assistant paymaster; Lieuc
A. P. Tlbbets. surgeon, ana Chester
G. GrotT. assistant surgeon.1
CHINA BANS OPIUM TRADE
Government Takea Over'AU Stock
The opium trade. Immemorial
scourge or China, nu.como u .
The Chinese government, accorainn-
to a. dlanatch to the State .Depart
ment today, has formally taken over
all private stocks or me arug
will use It for the extraction of
morphia for' medical purposes.
So extensive were the private hold
ings, and so high the present price -of
the drug7.40O gold per chest
the government' has been forced to
Issue thirty-year bonds to finance the
WHArS ON PROGRAM
Interesting Event of Importance
TO HONOR U. S. UNIFORM
D. A. R. Expected to Discuss Move
ment for Saluting Wearers.
The movement to show respect for
the uniform of this country by salut
ing the Individual wearer was given
Impetus today, when Mrs. William
Cummlng Story, president general of
the Daugfiters of the American Revo
lution, said the matter probably will
come up for discussion at the annual
meeting of the Continental Congress
qf the D. A. R.. April 16.
The movement was begun by av
group of girls at 016 Colorado build
ing, newly organized as the Order of
True Americans, of which Dr. J. V.
Down was elected president.
Meanwhile, the girls who orig
inated the plan are working to Insure
Its general adoption. -Steps are being
Reaolnr of Ppw. "Te BaUtlons ox Art to
FlUlOSOpoy. OT an. w ui v
Johnston, before Society for Philosophical
Inaulnr. Public Library. 4. p. m.
Lecture, "Let Wo Forxvt." uy turn ixhum
CutU Powell, the Portland, t p. m.
Meeting of Army and Navy Union Drum
Corps aiiaxneu la. riwnwii a vwn uaxri-
n No. 104. Union Station. 7 D. m.
Meeting- of Federation of CItltena Associa
tion. Doara room, Aiumcisau aauamWt
Mretlnc of Blolodeal Society of Washington.
rTnamoa Club. S D. m.
Lectura on Christian Science by Charlsa T.
Ohrenstein, Ingram aiemonai uiurcn. fsnia
street and Massachusetts avenue northeast.
S p. m.
Meatlng of Maine State Association. Vf. C T.
U. Hall. 52 Sixth street northwest. 1p.m.
Annual business masting. Friends' Alumni
Talk by Congressman M. Clyde Kslly before
Pennsylvania Society, Elsrsnth and S
streets northwest, t p. m.
Tea by College Equal Sun-rags League, suf
frage headquarters, 1C Rhode Island ave
nue, i-t p. m.
Odd Fallows Canton Washington, No. 1. Pa
Belasco "Very Good Eddie." :) and l9 p.
New National "Twin Beds." ziO and t
n- .. . j
New roil tracers, in -aubs, wnere
Do Tou uve. : ana .i p. m.
n t Trith'a VaudeTllIe. !:U and l:U n. m.
Gayetr Burlesque. 2.U and 1:11 p. m.
Loesi columDia. roeieiMajs. auv m. 19
11 p. m.
Rtrand-PhotoDlars. 11 a. m. to 11 p. m.
Garden Photoplays. 11 a, m. to 11 p. m.
Lecture, "Martial, the Epigrammatist." by
Prof. KIrby Flower smltn. Derore Wash
ington Classical Club, Fairmont Seminary,
4.30 p. tn.
Lectura, "Some Books That Have Influenced
Foetal Keronn Movements- oy jjt. ueorx
F Bowerman. before Liberal Religious
Union. All Souls' Church. Ian.
Open house at T. W. H. A., UN Tenth street
northwest. S p. m. .
Address. "Why Peace Movements Rave
Failed." by dt tuna cole, before Bahal
Assembly of Washington. Studio Hall. Ills
Connecticut avenue. CIS r. m.
Examination of candidates for otflcers re
serve corps. Fort Myer. 9 a. ro.
Address. "Individual Liberty and Social Con
trol, oy r-ror .retry it. manner, before
secular league, t-vinian Temple, 1 p. re.
Is blasted and ruined forever, taken to brlnr It before all ofganlza-xl v..ut" ; "hSST?,: TS
e. Harold. In the Peninsula, said ' tions eX woman. ' laS?l?m. . '" T