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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, June 14, 1917, Image 1

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Thundershowen This Afternoon; Fair and Cooler
Tonight Full Report on Editorial Page.
mgfrnt Wxm
With 1:30 Wall Street
NUMBER 10,196.
President Will Not Amend
Order Because of War.
President Due to Address Army of Government
Workers on Significance of National Em
blem at Sylvan Theater.
Hail, Rain, and .Electricity
Splain Causes Sensation at
First Meeting.
Make Tumult
Temperature Falls 15 Degrees in
15 Minutes.
The proverbial "bolt from the blue"
truck Washington shortly before 1
o'clock today, when a terrific clap
of thunder and a blinding flash of
llghtnln- prefaced a torrential down
pour of rain and hall.
Although of brief duration, the elec
trical storm wu moat severe. While
tt lasted half an Inch of rain fell and
a shower of hailstones half an Inch
In dlamater descended upon the city.
The temperature dropped one -degree
a minute for a quarter of an hour.
Owing to the din made on the roof
of the .Capitol by the large-sited hail
stones, the Senate and House were
compelled to recess because the de
bate could not be heard.
Flagpole Shattered,
The first bolt of lightning struck
the flagpole on the Waters carriage
hop. behind the District building,
ripping It apart in spiral fashion. A
atrip of slate was ripped off the roof
of the shop.
The repeated flashes of lightning
and thunderclaps caused consterna
tion among the employes In down
town offices.
Senator Reed of Missouri was at
tempting to make a speech in the Sen
ate when the storm began. He could
sot make himself" heard.
On motion of Senator Hollls of New
Hampshire, the Senate recessed for half
an hour.
The storm Interfered with, the proceed
ings of the House to such an extent
that Congressman Stafford's motion to
recess was unanimously adopted.
Looked Like Snow Gusts.
The size of the hailstones and the
severity of the downfall caused the
belief that considerable damage would
be done to growing crops In the back
yard gardens In -Washington and on
farms in the territory contiguous to
the National Capital.
For ten or fifteen minutes the white
hailstones mingled with the rain gave
the appearance of a midwinter snow,
The storm was caused by the In
tense heat of the past several days.
In the opinion of weather experts.
Just before it broke the thermometer
at the Weather Bureau registered 65
degrees. A quarter of an hour later
the temperature was TO degrees.
Because of the downpour the gut
ters In the downtown sections of the
city ran like rivers, the streams
measuring eight or ten Inches in
many places. The sewers were over
flooded and the water rushed over the
Calls at Hysee Palace With Poin
care and Other Notables.
PARIS, June 14. Major General
Pershing today called at the Elysee
palace with President Polncare and
other French notables. He waa in
close conference wlu. French war
office leaders most of the day. and
his headquarters In the Hotel Crtllon
were a scene of constant activity.
This morning General Pershing vis
ited the Invalides, the museum, and
the tomb of Napoleon.
His staff attended a luncheon of
the Military Club, and this afternoon
waa to accompany the commander on
visits to the general aviation camp
at BourgeL
This evening the entire American
contingent will dine with the war of
flee staff headed by Minister of War
Tomorrow Pershing Is to lunch with
Marshal Joffre at the Military Club.
None Looks as Old as Her Age,
Says Census Supervisor.
NEW YORK. June 14. New Tork
women are outgrowing their aversion
to telling their ages.
Mora than 1,500.000 of them, from
sixteen to fifty years of age, are re
quired In registering In the State
military census to tell just how old
they are.
Mrs. Ruth K. Gardiner, assistant
supervisor of registration in the
Twenty-third assembly district. aay
tha women always look five years
younger than the ages they gave.
"It's because the women today
know the art of keeping young," said
Mrs. Gardiner. "I have not come !
across one, from the society woman loss.
to tha poor mother with her babel "Two months ago a French attack on
In bar arms, who looked aa old aa i Moronvlllera failed because this lrapreg
Sh as aba gave," ... hzblo tunnel could not be captured."
Under the leadership of President Wilson the army of
workers in the executive departments of the Government
were to mobilize in the Sylvan Theater, south of the Washington
Monument, this afternoon to observe Flag Day.
Aside from the patriotic significance of the inspiring oc
casion, tne assemblage is to mark a
reunion of the entire official family
in the National Capital.
"The Flag Day program will be
held If the weather clears by 3
This statement was made to The
Timea at 1 o'clock by Robert Watson,
chief clerk of the Department of La
bor and one of the committee in
charge of the Flag Day program.
"No decision will be reached until
the last minute," Mr. Watson said,
"as It will be possible to hold the
program as planned If the weather Is
cleared before 3 o'clock, the hour
The 40.000 Government employes
were given a half-holiday to observe
fittingly the day and to rally around
the Chief Executive.
Secretary Lansing Prealdea.
It la strictly a Government family
affair, although thousands of men and
women not employed In the depart
ments expect to go to the Sylvan
Secretary of State Lansing Is to
preside, and all the other participants
In the affair were employes of the
Government, with President Wilson
as the only speaker.
This Is the first Flag Day on which
the nation has been found at war.
Fcr that reason President WilsohS
address was anticipated with the
keenest Interest, as he was expected
to deliver a message to the American
people regarding the significance of
the flag as this time.
SOO Voire In Chorus.
The Interdepartmental chorus, com
posed of MM) of the best masculine and
feminine singers In all the depart
ments, will sing patriotic anthems
during the celebration. The chorus,
which acquitted itself with . high
credit last year, and has been better
trained than ever for this year's ob
servance of Flag "Day. will be direct
ed, by Earl Carbaugb, of the Post
office Department
Instrumental music will be furnish
ed by the Vntlre Marine Band, under
the leadership of Lieut. William San
telmann. The band will play while
the chorus sings, and also "contribute
several other selections to the patri
otic program.
The exercises are to open with the
sin ..ig of "The Star-Spangled Ban
ner by the chorus.
The President's address, which
is held for official release, will
appear in full in a later edition
of The Times.
Federal Government Seizes Port of
Zarate, Scene of Killings.
BUENOS AIRES. June 14 Because
of numerous clashes. In which there
have been several killed and scores
of shots fired, the federal government
today Intervened to assume control of
the port of Zarate, on the Rio De Las
Palmas, fifty miles northwest of
Buenos Aires.
A general strike developed there
late yesterday, following a strike of
employes of North American packing
The police forces have been aug
mented and drastic steps will be
taken to enforce order.
French Gunner Plants Projectile in
German Tunnel's Mouth.
LONDON. June 14 This story of
modern wsrfare Is related by an offi
cial authority who has been on the front
In Champagne:
"On May 50 the French prepared to
rush the Impregnable positions on ML
Cornillet and ML Teton. Photographs
taken by their aviators showed an im
mense sstem of tunnels, which appar
ently concealed German reserves. A
single entrance was located, and the
operator of a French 15-lnh gun ten
miles away was told to put a shell in
the entrance.
"The gun started firing thousand-
shells, and the Infantry was ordered to
advance at a certain minute. Tno hours
before tne lime set tor the advance a
half-ton shell planted Itseir squarely In
the mouth of the tunnel, killing half of
the men Inside, blockading the exit, and
wrecking the trans-erse corridors. The
French advanced and took several nun
dreds of prisoners without suffering a
Liberty Loan Campaign Coming to
End With New Records.
Washington bankers thought yes
terday, when thousands of men and
women thronged their Institutions
and kept scores of clerks working
until late last ntarht. entering- sub-
I serlntlnns tn th T.1H-,v li,n th,
1 1 the hlgh t,Se ,n subscriptions In the
District had been reached.
But apparently they guessed
wrong. Today's subscriptions prom
ise to eclipse those of any day since
the campaign started, both In number
of subscribers and in amounts sub
scribed. Every bank In Washington
was swamped with subscriptions by
those who waited until the eleventh
From six to a doxen clerks In each
bank are devoting their entire time
to receiving, checking, and entering
the Liberty loan' subscriptions and
they are unable to Issue receipts faat
enough to keep the crowds moving.
Badge Supply Exhausted.
An Indication of the number of
last-minute bond buyers Is shown in
the way the Liberty loan badges are
disappearing. Yesterday morning
Chairman John Poole, of the Liberty
loan committee, received 5.000 of the
badges from the Reserve bank at
Richmond. These were eagerly taken
by the thirty-nine banks, all of which
had been telephoning ror badges, and
an hour after their distribution Mr.
Toole received emergency calls for
more. He then -got in touch with
officials at the Treasury Department,
and perauaded them to let him have
12,000 additional badges yesterday
Believing thai this supply would
be ample, word was passed to all the
banks to send for all the badges
they needed.
At opening time this morning, how
ever, a number of the banks report
ed they needed more badges, and
Mr. Poole had to get 3,000 more from
the Treasury Department before he
could supply the demand, making a
total of 20,000 badgea distributed In
Waohlngton since yesterday morning
The bsnks are keeping their doori
open until 5:30 this afternoon to ac
commodate last minute bond buyers,
and will receive subscriptions on the
partial payment plan until that hour.
Mast Close Books.
Although the subscriptions do not
close officially until noon tomorrow.
It is necessary that banks through '
out the country have their records of I
subscriptions completed and at the )
reserve banks by noon tomorrow In
order to comply with this. Washing ,
ton banks must clean up everything
tonight and catch the last mall to !
Richmond. This Involves an
mense amount of work and manyi
cierxs probably will remain at their
desks until morning.
Several larger banks said today It
would be Impossible for them to get
the work done before 2 or 3 o'clock
In the morning, which would Just
give them time to catch a 4 o'clock
train for Richmond.
Legislature Plans to Cut Out Re
sort for Thirsty.
ANNAPOLIS. Md June 14. Devel
opments of the morning at Annapolis
where the special session of the Mary
land legislature is In session, make
it almost certain that Prince Georges,
the only refuge of Washington's
thirsty after prohibition goes Into
effect In the District, will be dry by
May 1 of next year.
The measure Is practically certain
to pass, with or without the referen
dum, and the chances favor its pas
sage without reference to a popular
This Is the form which It takes
In the bill Introduced by Delegate
Blandford last night, the only meas
ure before the legislature.
PETROGRAD, June 14. The Rus
sian submarine Barsetant. which put
to sea on ay 16, has not returned to
her home base. It Is feared the vea
eel haa been losL
LONDON. June 14 The board of
trade flgurea for May show an in-
crease In Imports of I3.S27.706. and a
decrease In exporU of 3,S87,lSo. I
Body Has Purpose of Destroying
"Hyphenism," Says Program.
A sensation was sprung shortly af
ter the opening of the first annual
conference of the American League
for National Unity at the New WII
lard this morning when Maurice
Splain, United States marshal. Inter
rupted Dr. Charles P. Stelnmetz, the
first speaker, and Inquired of him the
authority for the founding of the
League of Unity and the names of
those behind the movement.
Dr. Stelnmetx seemed flustered for
the moment, leaning farther over on
his table and asking Marshal Splain
to repeat the 'question. This he did.
Whereupon Dr. Stelnmetz turned to
the last page of the program and re
ferred Splain to a list of over two
score names. Prominent among these
names la that of Col. Robert N.
Harper. Roscoe C. Mitchell, and Will
iam W. Bride, all of this city, and
that of Miss Ida M. Tarbell, of New
It la aa!d Mr. Stelnmetx came to this
country from Germany in hia early
twenties. He speaks with a German
Dr. Stelametas Explains.
As Mr. Splain did not Immediately
reseat himself. Dr. Stelnmetz es
sayed to explain further.
"Understand, we have not yet
really organized," Dr. Stelnmetz said.
Mr. Splain did not seem satisfied but
seated himself, leaving shortly after
ward to look further into the creden
tlala of those concerned.
Dr. Stelnmetz then went on with his
talk on "The Importance of National
The words which caused Mr. Splain
to Interrupt Dr. Stelnmetz were:
"We have heard allegations that
American citizens are more loyal to
foreign nations than to our own coun
(Continued en Second Page
U. S. Soldier Held for Wife Murder
In Atlanta Hospital.
ATI.ANTA. Ga.. June 14. Private
Joe E. Kirk, Seventeenth United
Statea Infantry, shot and killed his
bride of a few weeks early today. He
was himself wounded when the bul
let passed through his wife's body
and burled Itself In his arm.
Kirk was taken to the post hospi
tal at Fort McPherson for treatment
and there placed under guard. His
wound Is not serious, according to
army surgeons.
P.-. i. i' AUJ:.: M.U.
i vuuoiauiuic s numuiuuu uionco
"Painful Impression."
THE HAGUE. June 14. Abdication
of King Conatanttne of Greece pro
duced a "painful Impression" at Ger
man great headquarters, according to
dispatrhea received today via Cologne.
The Kaiser was greatly chagrined,
and Immediately dispatched a mes
sage of sympathy to the fallen mon
arch and his wife. Queen Sophie, who
Is the Kaiser's sister.
German newspspers declare that the
new Greek King must obey the en
tente or else a revolution of tho Venl
zellst forces will result In tha estab
lishment of a republic. The Gtman
llbc-a.1 press believes a declaration of
war fri-m Greece is imminent Hope
Ij expressed that Field Marshal vrn
Illrdenburg is prepared for sue i a
The Zeltung Ammlttag voiced the
belief that Constantlne'a fj-I was
partly the result of the Russian revo
Dying, Owner Asked to Be Buried
in Garment Thief Got.
YORK, Pa.. June 14 When Mrs.
Bessie E. Wltmer was burled yester
day an Item in her own funeral ar
rangement could not be carried out
because her long plush coat had
been stolen the day before she died i
It had been purchased for her by a
friend, and she thought so much of
it that she told her friends she want
ed them to put It on her and bury
her In IL
Rut the garment was stolen, and
Charlea Geesey is under arrest for
the thefL The police recovered the
coat at a local cleaner's, where. It Is
alleged, Kaesey had sold It.
When Pressure of Work Compels
Employes May Be Held.
Washington's army of Government
employes will have Saturday half holi
day during the summer.
This haa been determined by the
President. No change will be made In
the standing executive order providing
that four hours shall constitute a dayj
work on Saturdays from June 15 to Sep
tember IS.
The war situation, however, will cause
some employes to stay after the Satur
day closing time. Whether they will
stay will be left to the discretion of
bureau and division chiefs, but wherever
passible they will be given a half day
Worker Felt Alarmed.
For several weeks Government
workers have been apprehensive of a
change In the order because of pre
sure of war work.
The President and his advisers
agreed, however, that tha holiday
should be given to all employes where
It will not hinder the work of the
Government. A general speeding up
of work Is expected, so that aa few as
possible need remain after the Satur
day closing time.
Ileetaton Based on Fairness.
It was learned when announcement
of the holiday waa made tolay that
the President an! his advlatrs con'
sldered that It would be unfair to
those employee who could be spared
to lengthen the Saturday work day
during the summer months.
It la understood a vast majority of
Government employes will get their
holidays and that work after Satur
day closing time will be rare.
Committee Will Ask Trade Bodies
to Name Conferees.
The committee of ten business men
of Washington appointed to meet
with committees from the Chamber
of Commerce, the Board of Trade, and
the Retail Merchants' Association In
an effort to bring the three organiza
tions togheter under one directing
head. Is to hold Its initial meeting
this afternoon In the New Ebbltt Ho
The committee represents no or
ganlzatlon, having been appointed at
a meeting of more than sixty repre
sentative business and professional
men of Washington, who met on
Tuesday afternoon to consider the
best means of persuading the various
organisations to merge and work to
gether for the best Interests of
An Invitation to the three bodies
probably will be sent out this after
noon requesting that they name a
committee to meet with the other
committees and confer with a vrew
to bringing about closer co-operation
and better feeling. It la expected
that these committees will be named
and that a Joint meeting will be held
within the next two or three days.
Former Congressman Jamea T.
Lloyd haa been chosen chairman of
the committee of business men.
He Signs President's Order After
Refusal by Premier.
LONDON. June 14 "The Chinese
Parliament has bee'n unceremoniously
dismissed, according to a Tientsin
dispatch received today by the Ex
change Telegraph Company
According to a Reuter dispatch to
day from Peking. Chiang Cho Tung,
chief of police of that city, has ac
cepted the post of acting premier of
China, and in such a capacity haa
countersigned the Presidents order
for dissolution of the Chinese parlia
ment. Wu Ting Fang, the premier, had re
fused to affix his signature to such
an order. The Chinese constitution
requires the premier's attestation to
such an edict and thus the dissolu
tion had been blocked.
S-'outhern Chinese provinces. It was
declared, have telegraphed their re
fusal to recognize the President's au
thority and civil war Is feared.
Comedian Taken Home
From Theater.
NEW YORK. June 14. Dlgby Bell,
the veteran comedian whose fame
dates from the days of "Pinafore"
and "Patience," is seriously 111 in the
Alston Sanitarium.
He was taken there last Friday I
from the Colonial Theater, where he
had been playing His physician Is
reeling mm for a general break-
down. Mr. Bell la aixty-seven. I
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Split With Japan Is Averted
. -
Bogus Note on Chinese Revolution Ar6uses Re
sentment at Tokyo Text of True Message..
Dissipates .Anger.
Relations between -the United States and Japan, upset
and delicate over a misunderstanding as to America-'a-purposes
in China,, were straightened out satisfactorily today through
explanations sent to the American embassy in Tokyo. At the
same time, an investigation was
of a bogus note purporting to have
Been cabled from New York to Tokyo,
which aroused resentment in Japan.
Japanese resentment waa stirred
when the Asahl printed the bogus
note. This -message made the United
States say that the Chinese revolu
tion should be quelled because Ger
many and Russia were about to make
separata peace and Japan In
tended to send her troops Into Man
The true note sent China merely
expressed the hope of this Govern
ment for a settlement of Internal
Subsequently the Japan Times took
exception to what it considered
American Interference in China with
out consultation with Japan, though
this Government waa not obligated to
make such a consultation.
Japoneae Anger Abate.
Later, the true text of the note.
obtained at Shanghai, waa published
In Japan dissipating the anger which
the bogus note had aroused.
Realizing that the altuatton might
develop unpleasantly If the misappre
hension were not Immediately cor
rected, thla Government Informed Ita
embassy at Tokyo of the true status
of affairs, with Instructions to Inform
the Japanese government about IL
This has been done, and Japan now
understanda that the American note
waa based upon no ulterior purposes
as to the Far EasL
The State Department is perplexed
to the source of the bogus note. The
Asahl printed It under a New York date
line, and Secret Service men were put
to work today to trace Ita origin.
Bogus Xote Brings Trouble.
Secretary of State Lansing declared
today that "whatever misunderstanding
had arisen was due solely to publica
tion of the bogus note." This, he ex
plained, had been corrected by publica
tion of the true text, and by the Ameri
can Instructions to the Toklo embassy,.
Ambassador Sato has had recent ne
gotiations with Lansing, presumably on
the basis of the Chinese situation,
though Lansing declared today the
Japanese hsd not taken up the note
question directly with him.
The real significance of the whole
Incident is the fact that The Time.
an official organ, took exception to
Amerlca'a part In China, on the
ground that Japan had not been con
suited, and threatened that Japan
would Jealously make her position
clear. Thla display of feeling, while
based on an error, was taken here
by some to Indicate an underlying
spirit of dlspleaaur toward this na
Lord Northcllffe's Brother Reported
to Be New Food Head.
LONDON, June 14. Harold Sidney
Harmsworth, first Baron Rothermere
land brother of Lord Northcllffe. now
In the United States In charge of the
-ormsn missions, is understood to I
have bean chosen food eomptroUex. '
Submerged Attacks on Ships Give Crews No
Chance For Their Lives No Heed Paid
to Drowning Victims.
"The submarine war grows more barbarous every day.
It has now reached the plane of deliberate murder for every
ship sunk, and will so continue to the end. It is not the
fault of the Germans that every torpedo does not produce a
Lusitania massacre."
"Death by slow torture for submarine captains who let
big passenger liners escape them is reported to be the fate
meted out by von Tirpitz."
That is the Kaiser's unrestricted submarine warfare in
the words of the man who probably knows more about the
human side of the sea tragedy than any other certainly
more than- any other American.
He is "Wesley Frost, American consul at Queenstown,
the port on the southwest coast of Ireland where all the At-
started to ascertain the source
Bill for $100,000 to Be Poshed
Through the Legislature.
ANNAPOLIS, Md, June 14V-The
finance committee of the Maryland
senate will make favorable report this
afternoon on the bill providing tha
necessary appropriation to clear ap
the camp alta at Admiral, between
Waahlngton and Baltimore, where tha
local men taken under the selective
draft are to be trained. It la believed
that the legislature la now ready to
conform absolutely to the conditions
set by the War Department, assuring
the location of the camp at Admiral,
with Ita three railroads running to
Washington and Baltimore and other
substantial advantages.
The bill will provide an appropria
tion of not less than 1100,000, fix a
dry zone of two miles beyond the lim
its of the camp and provide for con
demnation proceedtnga if any difficul
ty la found In securing any portion of
the grounds. These are the steps
which tha War Department regards aa
necessary to be taken by the State of
Maryland before the selection of the
Admiral camp la a certainty.
There la a question of whether the
fund is to be expended by the board
of public works, consisting of the
governor, treasurer and comptroller,
all Democrats, the executive commlt
.ee of the preparedness survey or a
body const,. uted by the bill or permit
ted to be named by the governor. The
situation has been clarified in aome
measure by a strong declaration from
William F. Stone, the Republican
leader of Baltimore city, who urged
the Republican members to aupport
the plan to have the expenditures
made by the duly qualified officials of
the State.
Physician Thinks He Is Examining
Same Youth Twice.
LONDON. June 14 Twin brothers,
who had Just reached eighteen, ap
peared before a medical recruiting
board yesterday for examination pre
liminary to enlistment. One of them
atripped, waa ushered before a doctor,
and. having paased hi examination,
retired. Then the other brother ap
peared, but the doctor refused to ex
amine him. declaring he could not
give his attention to the aame candi
date twice Not until the two went
In together would he be convinced.
If one of them is killed he'll never
be sure of It," commented the doctor
"-He'll be uncertain whether he'a him-'
self or his broth."
Ian tic ocean lanes to Britain
come together. Off tha shores
near Queenatown the thousands of
ships which feed Britain paaa by day
and night.
Frost Is In Waahlngton for
a rest. For over two years
he haa been In attendance at the funer
als of merchant ships struck down by
the underwater terror. Itthas been his
task to collet the evidence aa to sixty
five sinkings in which Americans
were Imperiled or slaughtered. He
has seen the cemeteries on the Irish
hillsides dotted -with fresh mound.
He ha heard' Uie shrieks of mothers
for their murdered babies, sees men
stark mad with the tortures of hun
ger and thirst, brought in from days
and nights In foodless lifeboats.
Sara Germans Deably Guilty.
It la with difficulty that he can
be Induced to talk, but when he does,
the full-throated Indignation of this
clean-cut young American la almost
terrible fn 1U Intensity.
"The German gul't la double. said
Frost today. "In tha first place, no
civilized government would have re
sorted to such methods, even when It
waa possible to sink ships occasion
ally without murdering non-combat-ants.
Now that the arming of mer
chant ahlps and the effectiveness of
the patrols makes It impossible for
the submarines to risk giving warn
ing, they would drop it If they were
The aportlng word he uses explains
the sort of man Frost IL Born back
In Oberlin, Ohio, his life has besh
that of the aturdy young American
who makes hla way in the world by
hard work and fighting fair. It Is
not strange that he has no use for
the sophistries of "frlghtfulneaa"
and calls murder by Its real name.
No Opportunity to Escape.
Now that the submarines-have been
driven to attack ahlps submerged
using the torpedo almost exclusively
tha murder roll la bound to grow.
Frost explained. Moat ahlps. when
struck by a torpedo, go down In two
or three minutes, which gives ne op
portunities of escape to thoae below
Recent sinkings which came under
hla observation, alnce the beginning
of the ruthless warfare, show this
A freighter loaded with iron ore
and convoyed by a destroyer went
down In two minutes. Eighteen of
her crew of twenty-six perished.
Another sunk In two mlnulea after
being atruck. She was hit In day
light, but the submarine waa not
seen. Twenty-eight of her crew of
thirty-two perished.
The Abcsso sunk in three minutes,
and thirty women and children died.
"Sinkings of thla sort from now on
wilt be the rule not the exception,"
said FrosL Only the larger pas
senger ships will remain afloat long
enough to launch the boats and get
off the crew and passengers: and
those will not float ao long If struck
In vital spots or by more than one
The submarlnea are now so fearful of
exposing themselves to the deck guns
of slowly sinking ships that they sel
dom come up to question the escap
ing crews of passenger ships. Out of
six pasenger ship sinkings investi
gated by him. this happened In only
one case that of the Laeonla. which
was sunk near midnlghL
Warning Shet. KI1L
Hideous as this assassination from
ambush Is. it does not equal the
wanton Crimea committed In the days
before -ruthless" warfare hen, the
submarines came to the surface and
itta'-keil with gur fire.
The wirnlnr- ,-lvn In these cases
waa almDlv the heirinninr nf ih. ...
tack. and sailors were often killed
J -A. 5

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