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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, June 15, 1917, Image 1

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COMPLET&lFTERNOON
With hit) Wall Street
WEATHER FORECAST:
Overcast Weather and Cooler Tonight; Saturday Fair.
Full Report on Editorial Page.
NUMBER 10,197.
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING. JUNE 15. 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
LACK OF UNIFORMS
IN NAVY ADMITTED
Secretary Daniels Denies
Recruits Serve Abroad.
CHARGES "PARTIALLY TRUE"
Boston Transcript's Criticism of
Department Answered.
An attack on the methods of the
Nary Department I made In an edi
torial apparlng In the Boston Tran
script which details facts said to
have been gained by observation
rather than through report.
The editorial was submitted by The
Times to Secretary Daniels and be
low is printed both the text from
The Transcript and the Secretary's
comment.
The Transcript Saysi
"One night not long ago a vessel of
the United States navy sailed under
sealed orders from an Atlantic port.
A considerable number of the crew
were 'bluejackets' In name only, for
they wore the same civilian clothes,
the same shoes, and the same hats
which they had on when they patrl-,
otlcally responded to the call of the
colors and voluntarily enlisted In the
navy days or weeks ago. There were
others In the crew who had not been
paid for six weeks or more, and In
that time they were therefore depen
dent for pocket money either upon
loans from their comrades or remit
tances from home. Some of them
had enlisted with the expectation and
upon the promise that their pay
would be certain and regular; they
had counted upon being; able to save
enough, each month to send some
thing: home for the support of those
they left behind. All who buy Lib
erty bonds during the two and one
half days that remain will help to put
a atop to such shortcomings.
Not Prom A Spy,
"For the information of the Secre
tary of the Navy, these facts have
not been furnished by a 'spy or a
'traitor. They are ascertainable by
lany loyal cltlxen who takes the
trouble to go after them. We can
see no patriotic purpose that will be
sirred by their suppression. On the
contrary, experience proves that pub
licity Is a quick aid to alleviation
In such Instances. For example:
when our first destroyers arrived on
the other side, official assurance was
given that their crews were made
up exclusively of picked men. The
truth was their crews contained
many raw recruits 'picked up' In the
streets of Boston and New York a
few days before the destroyers sail
ed. "The publication of this fact and
the ensuing public protest resulted In
an order that no more raw recruits be
ordered to destroyers about to sail
on foreign service. For a second ex
ample, when the next destroyer flo
tilla started for the other side a call
upon the fleet for men to fill up the
crews was answered, very unpatrlotl
cally as It seems, by the sending
from the battleships of some of the
lesst fit men for destroyer service.
Publicity of the fact and a resultant
protest has forced the assurance that
In future drafts from the fleet for
destroyer service in foreign waters
the best men and not those who can
best be spared shall be selected."
Chances -Partially True."
The first two charges. Secretary
Daniels said today, were partially
true, as the condition complained of
was one of the situations arising from
the rush of navy enlistment. The
Secretary made a heated denial, hov.
ever, of the charge that raw recrul-s
were sent on destroyers to European
water.
"Kvery man sent on the destroyers
toEurope was a picked man.'' Sec
rotary
Daniels said. "Before th-e
ressels sailed X sent telegraphic In
structions that no man should be
taken aboard who was not a seasoned f
man with long? naval service."
Secretary Daniels admitted that re
emits had been sent aboard battle
ships before uniforms had been pro
vlded for them. There are thousands
of men on ships and In training sta
tions still without uniforms, because
the navy was unable to provide sup 1
piles Immediately, when the nay ,
was more than doubled In strength
within a few month..
Ualferma ltelng Supplied.
"The Bureau of Supplies and Ac
founts is furnishing new uniforms for
thousands of new men every week,"
Mr Daniels said. "We hope to hate
very man In the navy In uniform be
i
fore the end of the month"
Failure to pay all the new men
promptly after enlistment was due.
It waa explained, to the large Influx
In the navy and the Inability of the
pay staff to meet the strain Im
mediately. The pay corps now Is able to meet
this condition, officials ssld, and no
further complaint on this score Is ex
pected. HUNGARY POACHERS BUSY.
LONDON, June IS In a letter to
the Times Trof. Delmer writes that
his chief gardener reports that
poachers have taken nearly all the
nth from the lakes on his estates In
Hungary, and hate taken wlM ducks
from their nests, in consequence o.
tbe food shortage.
DECLARES SERVICE
0NWJUE.P00R
Lawyer for Citizens Says
Strike Made Change.
NEW MEN DON'T KNOW CITY
Schedules Not Kept Up to Public
Need, Says Clayton.
Service now given by the employes
of the Washington Railway and Elec
tric Company was characterised as
generally unsatisfactory by Attorney
William McK. Clayton, representing
the Federation of Citizens' Associa
tions, at today's session of the Senate
strike Investigation.
Attorney Clajrton. who was called as
a witness by Attorney George P.
Hoover, counsel for the company, said
under cross-examination that while
the present motormen and conductors
appear to be doing the best they can
they are unable to maintain normal
schedules, are unfamiliar with the
names of the streets, and are too
young.
Denoonres "Breakers.
"The conditions today are not pleas
ant," he said. "The service Is In
strong contrast with the good service
given by the regular employes be
fore the strike."
Referring to the strike breakers
brought here In March, Attorney
Clayton said:
"They composed as vile a crew as
ever flew the black flag from a pirate
ship."
The witness said he attended a
meeting before the strike at which
Clarence I. King complimented the
regular employes for their courtesy
and efficiency, and expressed his
gratification over the receipt of so
many letters from passengers prais
ing the motormen and conductors.
Feared To Make Cesaplalat.
Questioned as to whether he had
made any efforts to get the company
and employes together with a view
of ending the strike, the witness said
the president of the strikers' union
had Informed him of the men's will
ingness to submit everything to arbi
tration, but President King said he
would not recognize the Amalga
mated Association.
im witness said he was a con-l
siant patron or tne washlnrton Rail
way and Electric Company's cars In
1816. and had never heard or any
complaint about the unionized em
ployes rendering less efficient service
(Continued on Second Page.)
NORTmffFJTcMs
ON DEPARTMENT HEADS
British Commisisoner Expected to
See Wilson Tomorrow.
I-ord Northellffe. who was sent to
the United States to co-ordinate the
activities of the various missions in
this country, paid his respects today
to the Secretaries of State. War, Navy,
and Commerce, and to Frank I Tolk.
counsellor of the State Department.
Arrangements are being made for
him to present his credentials to
President Wilson tomorrow
Sir Cecil Spring-litre, the British
ambassador, accompanied Lord North
cliffe to the State. War, and Navy
building thl forenoon and to the De
partment of Commerce building this
afternoon. He said the distinguished
visitor probably will play golf this
afternoon
Lord Northellffe arrived In Wash
ington last night from New York.
.'re he has established his head
quarters.
He expects to return there busl
ne with the different missions
Tuesday '
"Strictly business" Is the mission
of Lord Northillffe, and there will i
be no social functions for him while!
he Is In the Notional Capital.
NAVAL MAN'S SUICIDE
RESULT OF REPRIMAND
UU1 U1 all. allllilXlli i
I IPllfenant Hannnn rpnenrpri Fnr
Tardiness on Ship.
llrnndlng over disciplinary artlun
in detaching him from a destroyer.
ordered abroad, for overstaying shore
leave a responsible for the death of
! Lieut. Haymond Vincent Hannnn, U
S. N, who committed suicide In New
York yesterdsy, according to report
! to the Navy Department today
Lieutenant Hannon was given shore
leave before the deslrojer. to which
he was attached, sailed. He was or
dered to return to his ship at 8
o'clock in the morning and did not re
turn until 11 o'clock. For this de
linquency he was detached from the
destroer and assigned to a battle
ship. In reporting to the battleship
he was again late.
Lieutenant Hannon then disap
peered from his ship. His body was
found on the estate of George W.
Perkins near New York with a bullet
through the heart Lieutenant Han
non's home ttss in nuffalo He was
.nnnlnl.H In the Vav.I A. rt.. .om
." " -- -"'
i .-tew lor in iua. i
Paris Gasps At Pershing's Dash
Finds Happy Augury in Dynamic Energy of
American Commander With Aides,
Plunges Into Battle Preparations.
PARIS, June 15 France
General Pershing and his staff.
of America's full support the
Pershing has entered upon his
tween official calls and official
down to the stern business of mak
ing ready for the American army
that he Is to command.
A huge American flag files from
the f.mnnr.rt tia.ititi.rl,,, nf th '
American staff In the Rue Constan-
tin, and 0 o'clock today saw the Amer- i
lean commander and his aides hard '
at work. Pershing's plans were for
a day of this sort of preparation, the
only official call on his list being a
visit to the ministry of marine late
this afternoon. '
Privates Fraternise. !
Although American khaki cut In J
unique style (to the French) of the '
American uniform la rapidly becom- '
ing a familiar sight on the boule- J
vards, no "Yankee" officer or sol-'
dler Is permitted to pass along with-!
out ovations from spectators. Pri
vate soldiers orderlies to the staff
are already pals of French pollus
and Tommies and are sightseeing
with enthusiasm.
But the members of the American
army staff are not the only Americans
who are working to prepare for the
hosts of the fighting men the United
States will send. The American army
and navy Y. M. C. A., of France, a
newly organized branch. Is exceed
ingly busy planning comforts. Amer
ican baseball In the Bols de Boulogne,
tennis on the Champs d'Elysee, classes
In French, bicycling expeditions Into
the country are some of the things
planned for the American soldiers
and sailors when they arrive.
A large hotel has already been ten
tatively rented. In It the American
workers plan to establish what Is ex
pected to be the nucleus of a vast
system of establishments In French
cities at the front, all to give aid
and comfort to the Americans. In the
Paris branch the plans contemplate
comfortable reading and writing
rooms, billiard tables, gymnasiums,
showers, restaurants, and sleeping
quarters. Some of the best-known
Americana In Paris are worklngto
perfecCall the details.
Will Flcfct Low Cafes.
As American troops arrive and
spread themselves over the various
army zones, workers of the Iarls or
ganizations will follow them, estab
lishing recreation centers as close to
the camps as possible The same
scheme Is to be worked at ports
where American sailors are to be
granted liberty leave.
The American Y. if. C. A. branch In
Paris is deliberately going to fight
the boulevard cafes of -unsavory rep
utation. It Is trying to make Its
quarters and Its comforts so seduc
tive that the Americans won'e be at-
traded by the bright lights of Paris. I
Cbrerlnjc Crntrda Choke Streets.
Further evidence of Tershlng's
popularity In Tarl, no lei than the
gratitude of France toward America,
occurred today. A crowd kept path
erlng around the American command
er's headquarters until the street
:::,..;i'
finally Induced to come to a balcony
and bow- his appreciation. The crowd
threw flowers, waved flags, and re-
doubled Its cheers In a veritable pan-1
demonlum of sound ,
This evening Pershing plans to
Journey 'to the tomb of Marquis Lie
Lafayette and to place a wreath there ,
on the grave of the Frenchman who
did so much for America In the da) a
of the revolution. '
. I
WOMEN BALK AIMS
OF MILITARY CENSUS!
- -
TTipv Rpfficior in TlUfanf Plarpe. n
-.
Conceal Ages.
NBV YOItK, June 13 The ace of
every woman In New York Slate will
soon be a matter tf public record
. Hut i: I Goodrich, director of thf
census. sas the women are running (
to distant points to All out their State
military census blanks. In an effort to
conceal their ages from neighbors '
Goodrich claim this unwillingness !
nf the women to let the neighbors
know their age has upset the State's j
plans for registration
I
SIXTY RETIRED MEN CALLED
Assigned to Recruiting Service or !
Various Regiments.
The War Department today order
ed sixty retired enlisted men Into
service and assigned them to recruit
ing service or regiments
In the past few dajs seteral hun
dred retired men and officers have
been ordered back Into the servlie.
The department intends to utilize
their wide experience in training the
new armt
MO.MI T Sjlr-IKO. Ill and lleturn
Baltimore & Ohio. June I4th,
i, IBth
i--wVdvt. j
toth, alld for return until 2Gth-
hasn't ceased marveling over
It accepts as a happy augury
dynamic energy with which
duties not losing a second 'be
social obligations in getting
HE'S "PEURCHIGNE"
TO PARISIANS
PARIS, June 15. The French
newspapers are making a laud
able effort to Instruct the French
people in the correct pronuncia
tion of Major General Pershing's
name.
They warn their readers against
the instinctive desire of French
men to pronounce the American
commander's name "Pairshang,"
and give "Peurchinge" as nearest
to a French phonetic expression of
Pershing.
AIR RAD WARNINGS
DEMANDED IN LONDON
Many Lives Lost Might Have Been
Saved by Timely Tips.
LONDON. June 13. All the evening
papers take up the hue and cry for
an ample warning of future German
air raids. They all point out that
many lives could have been saved
had warning been received In time of
Wednesday's raid. Many cities al
ready have a system of warning the
people by sirens or hooters, and also
giving a signal v'hen all Is safe.
The clamor for reprisals la taking
many forms. Some suggest wiping
out entire German towns, while others
advocate bombing Berlin or Cologne
and using a fleet or 500 airplanes for
such work. The military authorities
look upon the London raids aa an
effort of' the enemy to divert some of
the planes from the western front to
the defense of London, thus weaken
ing the British army.
31. P. Gave First Ala.
Will Crooks, a member of Parlia
ment, was one of the first to give help
In the east end council school, which
waa struck by a bomb In the Hun air
raid.
When the bomb fell on the building
It made a big hole In the roof and
crashed through one floor after an
other. There were few hurt In the
upper floors, the full force of the ex
plosion being felt on the ground floor.
U M" there that all the deaths and
most or tne severe Injuries occurred.
"ACE" LUFBERRY FELLS
ELEVENTH BOCHE FLIER
Pans
Today for Club Banquet.
I iris. jn, -5 -Adjutant Raoul
I.ufberry. of New York, premier "ace"
and nghtlng airman of the Ijlfayette
'"cadrllle. has Just brought down his
eleventh official enemy plane in a
single-handed fight against five
"orhes. according to word received
"ere today.
,l '"ok h -w Tork fighter Just
twentj-flve shots to shatter the wings
of the German adversary nearest him,
th- German whirling down from the
ir.noo font altitude to death. He ex-
-
anged shots with the remaining
rmans. but when additional I-af-
aette airmen came to his aid the
Quartet hurried away.
l.uf berry was due
In Paris this
afternoon with Lieutenant Thaw, of
Pittsburgh: Sergt. Charles Johnson,
of St I .on Is: Sergt. Willis Havlland,
of Minneapolis, and Corp Harris, of
Huston, to attend a dinner tendered
ihein by the Aero Club of France.
The Americans were to be awarded
(tub medals and a sum of money rais
ed b subscription
BALTIMORE "FEDS" DROP
BASEBALL TRUST SUIT
Owners of Defunct League's Fran
chise Abandon Litigation.
PllILADKLrHIA. June 13 The suit
brought by the owners of the defunct
Baltimore Federal league club against
organized baseball was dropped today
in the district court
Pressage nf this action came yesterday
when the plaintiffs sudenly rested their
case. Today the Federals said they
lhed to go no further In the matter.
Thev had charged that organized base
hall was a trust and. acting as suih.
iad strangled the Federal League nnd '
'hen fillet! to rernmpene Baltimore '
wr'n the peace pai t i made.
Damages of $300,000 were asked.
HOOVER TO DEPEND
ON PUBLIC OPINION
Food Control Likely to Rest
With the Consumer.
CONGRESS IS SLOW TO ACT
Opposition to Desired Legislation
Strong in Senate.
Food control by the people Instead
of by Congress may be necessary at
least for the edibles derived from the
first harvests.
Public opinion may be tha only
power Herbert C. Hoover, as food
administrator, will have behind him
to direct the conservation and dis
tribution of life's necessaries this
year.
Every effort will be made by Ad
ministration forces to get legislation
through by the middle of July. The
American Federation of Labor also
Is behind the drive, and today eent
out circular letters to every local
union 'In the country urging concerted
action to Influence Congress.
There appeara to be a general
apathy toward the bill In Congress, It
Is declared.
In th. House, where the bill comes
up for debate Monday. Republicans
have been blocking progress on It. In
the Senate It la the Democrata who
are standing In the way.
lions. Less Obstinate.
The House probably will pass the
bill In a week, but the bitterness of
Senate opposition augurs ill for
prompt action there. The bill can't
come up In the Senate until after the
finance bill Is disposed of.
Indication of the time It will take
In the upper branch was given yes
terday when Senator Reed, after as
sailing food control for three hours,
said: "When the time comes to dis
cuss this measure seriously I shall
give some time to It."
Meantime Hoover Is laying his
lines preliminary to attempting con
trol without legislation and backed
by public opinion.
Put Up to Public.
Conferences are going on dally with
producers, distributers, and consum
er In basle, commodities. A cornpre
henstve campaign to educate the coun
try In the need of food control is
being carried on, so that when the
time cornea. If Congress falls, the food
situation may for a brief apace be
held In hand by the people themselves.
President Wilson called Senator
Martin. Democratic floor leader, to the
White House today, and declared It
Imperative that Congress take prompt
action on the food control bill. Mar
tin told the President there was
strong opposition to the measure.
Unfairness In the Lever food control
bill, as It was reported to the House
providing only for control of food
stuffs, whereas the original bill pro
vided control of all necessaries of life
was charged In a minority report
today by Haugen of Iowa, a member
of the House Agriculture Committee.
Haugen's report Is the first of what
Is expected to be a series of minority
reports. Young of Texas, who opposes
the bill In any form, may file a minor
Ity report tomorrow Ward of New
York and Wilson of Illinois also may
file minority reports. All will oppose
the bill, as It stands, on the floor
Monday.
Farmers, Haugen's report charged,
must bear all the burdens of food con
trol If the bill Is passed In Its present
form. This, he said, la unfair.
"Why single out principally the
food producer? it does not seem fair,
and I am opposed to singling out for
the slaughter the farmer, who re
celves, according to agriculture de
partment experts, on an average, only
$02 In food, rent, fuel, and cash an
nually for his jear'a work, which In
eludes the sertices of 4.6 persons."
"If the bill Is. as alleged. In the In
terest of the consumer," Haugen con
cluded, "to reduce the high cost of
living, the consumer haa as much
right to contend for reasonable prices
on other necessaries of life as he has
to reasonable prices on things he
eats "
Planning Food Probe,
Plans fur launching a nation-wide
food probe July 1 are being prepird
by the Federal Trade Commission Ap
propriations for this work have ben
made by Congress.
Field agents and experts In everv
rictlon of the country will investi
gate lusts and distribution and the
f. liter entering Into greatly Increas
ed costs of practically all food staples
Cost accounting experts will co-operate
with the field force Inquiries
Hill be made In every large city .
The Commission ill determine i
whether there is any iconomlc reason
for the general advances In prices or
whelher the food mrn nre merely
"getting all they can" for their prod
ucts. HUGER SHIPPING COUNSEL.
The Shipping Hoard today an
nounced the appointment of Alfred
Iluger. of the firm of Huge-. Wilbur
& Guerard. of Charleston. S I', as
admiral!) cminse
for the board
-. lu t talrsau
IIU anil llelurn
Inaiiimore & Ohio June loin i" iin. i
valid returning until July 3rd- Advt. j
"PATRIOTIC" THIEF
TAKES CHURCH FLAG
Chaplain Conden Asks Police to
Try to Find Banner.
There la a thief In Washington
today who Is either Intensely patri
otic or unusually observant so far
as the market In United States flags
Is concerned.
Some time last night he went to the
lawn of the Unlversallst Church of
Our Father at Thirteenth and L
streets northwest and carried away
a big American flag that members
of the church raised to display their
patriotic fervor.
The Rev. Henry N. Couden. chap
lain of the House of Representatives,
telephoned th. police today that the
flag was missing. Police officials
are Inclined to the belief that the
rise In flag prices or a patriotic spur
might have prompted the Intruder to
carry off Old Glory.
President'sPenStarts War Work
Signing Three-Billion Budget Bill Makes Effect
ive Contracts for Army, Navy,
And Shipping Supplies.
President Wilson today signed the gigantic $3,000,000,000
war budget bill.
The signing of the bill by
greatest single series of contracts signings in world's history,
For weeks, contracts with
country for shoes, uniforms, lumber
in fact all things that ara Immediately
needed by the Government for Its new
armies and enlarged naval establish
ments have awaited the momentous
time when the President would pen his
name to this measure.
Money Is now Immediately available
for fhe great .army, navy, and shipping
work ahead of the Government. Soldiers
and sailor may be paid while in train
ing, and contracts let to great concerns
all over the country may be signed
In fact, as a result of the President
signature on th. historic burget, the pen
today. In Got eminent circles Is once
mora mightier than the sword. It Is be
ing used to conclude contracts for fur
nishing cantonments, munitions, arms.
soldiers and sailors.
.ilfssteaa SsJ-plna? Work ' -8hlpplng
work, which haa been great
ly embarrassed because of uncertainty
over the appropriation ot'JTHU)CO.000 for
the building and buying of all vessels
possibly with the greatest haste can now
go forward.
Defenses of the country. Including tre
mendous work contemplated on the Pan
ama Canal, can now be accomplished.
Supplies held up for lack of funds will
be furnished forthwith.
The great war work can go on with
more Impetus behind 1L
ITALIANS ORGANIZED
TOAIDU.S.INWAR
Dr. Enrico Castelli Heads District
Compatriots' Band.
Italians of the District, under the
leadership of Dr. Enrico Castelli. 2025
Q street northwest, have formed the
National Italian Association of Amer
ica, and have offered their services to
the United States Government for the
war.
A committee has been formed, with
Dr. Castelli as chairman, and efforts
will be made to build up a national
organization that v. Ill be effective In
strengthening tho bonds between this
country and Italy. The new organiza
tion has become affiliated with the
National Association for Military
Training and will advocate universal
training for all citizen- of countries
allied with the United Slates.
The purpose of the new organiza
tion Is to provide a medium through
which Italians may demonstrate their
appreciation of the hospitality of the
United States and through which Ital
ians, wishing to retain their Italian
citizenship, nevertheless may render
actual service to the United States
Government during the war.
Mere naturalization. Dr. Castelli
pointed out today, does not turn aliens
Into Americans. The aoclation will
conduct an educational campaign
among the Italians of the countr) so
that they mar realize tiiAt the alms of
this country ami Italy are Identical In
the war.
It Is probable. Dr. Castelli contin
ued, that Italian residents of Wash
ington will organize In one solidified
body and offer their services to the
United States. This is not only true
of Washington. It
Is said, but also I
throughout the countr) in ritles uhere
there is a large Italian population.
PUTS HIS ALL INTO LOAN
Indiana Printer Gives Life Savings
To Government.
LA PORTE. Ind, June 15. In all
the United states there cannot be a
bigger subscriber to the Liberty loan
- not John D. Rockefeller or Andrw
Carnegie than Johr Kldred. for 111
dred has given all he had
All Ins life Kldred has bern a print
er Hy Indimri nnd frugalii- Eldrd
saved flO.lHHi Today tin- entire sum
, .!..,.
' represented In the Liberty loan.
LOAN OVERSUBSCRIBED;
ALL DISTRICTS "DO BIT"
t
Washington's Purchase May Total $20,000,000.
Small Subscribers to Be Supplied First.
McAdoo Issues Jubilant Statement. &
J
That Washington has oversubscribed its prorata of $8,500,
000 on the Liberty loan bonds by 100 prTEnTis regarded as
certain by members of the Liberty loatKcqrnmittee of the Dis
trict this afternoon, based on incomplete reports received from
local banks.
Robert W. Wolley, director of publicity for the loan, esti
mated at noon today that the United States as a whole had
oversubscribed the $2,000,000,000 by at least $1,000,000,000.
the President started off the
manufacturers throughout the
SfflPYARDS STRIKE
FEARED BY OWNERS
. i
U. S. Control of Labor Is Urged
Upon Shipping Board.
Threats of a strike In Eastern ship
yards unless the closed shop is Inaugu
rated were reported to Chairman Den-
man and General Goethals, of the
United States shipping board, at
meeting they held here today with
steel ship builders from all part of
the country.
To Intimations that the ship yard
owners would like the Government to
handle the labor unions with the mall
ed list of war, Denman replied em
phatically:
"I think It would be asslnlne for
us to start a labor controversy In
Congress at this time."
Denman also made It clear to the
forty ship builders In attendance that
the Government at present haa no In
tention of operating merchant Tea
sels. -One ex-member of the Shipping
Board." said Denman, "gave his ap
proval to a semi-socialistic scheme
of Government operation, but it Is
no tthe board's plan.
General GoetfssTu asked al ship
builders to Inform him of the number
of vessels they have under way, how
many more they can understake to
build at once and to give their pres
ent basic costs of labor and materials.
Puget Sound shipyard men declared
lack of steel Is keeping somo of their
ship ways Idle. Chairman Denman
promised the shipwrights that th.
Government would do Its utmost to
see that they obtained the necessary
steel at th. earliest possible date.
Pacific coast representatives ci the
meeting, although their yards are be
ing operated under the open shop
plan. Joined In the recommendation of
the Kasterners for soma sort of Gov
ernment labor control.
WOULD USE 'TLAPPERS"
TO FILL JOBS OF WAR
Mrs. Robins Points Ont Dnty of
Women Wbo Are Idle.
CHICAGO. Jun. 11 Fifty-five per
cent of the women of the United States
are "flappers. according to statistics re
sorted to by Mrs. Raymond Robins. In
oilier words, onlj forty-live out of every
hundred American women work for a
Hi Ing
Fifty-die per cent." Mrs. Robins said.
"are In a class Just above Indjstry. They
are a supported class. They do nothing
In industry and do not enter the pro
fessions. Socially speaking, they merely
exist
We want to recruit the 'fiarpers." We
want them to fill the places of the men
ho haie gone to nar. The 'flappers' are
the nation's great reserve force of
women. I believe they will olunteer
their services."
A flapper, as defined by Nosh Web
ster. Is a young gam. bird, especially a
duck not ab!o to flv welL
" 'Flappers," " said Mrs. Roblrs, "are
women whose wines are jet untried, but
who will And them in the service of their
country."
WHEAT EMBARGOES DECLARED
BU;:'OS AIRES. June 15 rara
guiiv ami Urug ia.' today formally an
m nnceil an -inLari,o against expor
tatir n of flour and wheat from their
borders.
This would Indicate that Washing
ton has made good the expectation of
Secretary McAdoo that subscription!
here should be an example for the en
tire country. For. while based on thf
estimate of Director Woolley, the na-
tlon aa a whole haa oversubscribed
th. loan SO per cent. Washington has
oversubscribed her pro rata amount
100 per cent.
Triumph, Says- MeAde.
In a statement issued shortly after
noon today. Secretary McAdoo said:
"The Liberty loan haa been oversub
scribed. It Is Impossible to stste tht
amount of oversubscription at the mo
ment, but the exact figures will b
given ont aa rapidly as the returns an
received at the .Treasury Department.
"The success of this loan la a genu
ine triumph for democracy. It Is the.
unmistakable expression of America'!
determination to carry this war for
the protection of American rights and
the re-establishment of peace and lib
erty throughout the world to a awlft
and auccessful conclusion.
"I am deeply grateful to the
bankers, the' business men and wom
en of America, and patriotic organira.
tlona and the people generally, with,
out whose cordial co-operation and
enthusiastic support success conic,
not have been won.
"It has been an inspiring campaigns
and It has had a glorious finish." ,,
Entire District Layal. 'If
The Richmond .Federal reserve dis
trict, .InelodlnBjJfJrgtnla, Maryland,
District of Columbia, North and Sooth
Carolina, and West Virginia, baa over
subscribed Its Liberty loan allotment
by $20,000,000, Governor Seay esti
mated this afternoon, after a wild
rush shortly before noon had flooded
th. bank. It will be forty-eight houri
before official figures are compiled.
Washington banka were literally
overwhelmed with subscribers all daj
yesterday and until- as late aa t
o'clock last night. A number at thi
larger Institutions had to keep theii
clerks working until 3 o'clock till
morning In order to get their sub.
scrlptlons off to Richmond on the last
available train, which left Washing
ton at o'clock.
In order to give last-minute buyeri
who were unable to get their bonds
yesterday every opportunity, practi
cally all tha banka contlnued.to take
subscriptions until a few minutes be
fore noon today, some of them rush
ing them over to the Treasury bj
messenger and others telegraphing
their subscriptions to the Reserve
Bank at Richmond.
Telsl May 3 COJMO.OOO.
That tha total number of subscrib
ers In the District Is wall above D3c
000 Is regarded aa certain, and the
committee estimates (!T,COO,C0O as
th. minimum amount, with a proba
bility that the grand total may b. aa
high aa KOfiOQ.OOO.
Tolegrams received at tie Treasury
today from all the Federal reserve
banka showed the American people
had triumphed In their first battle
against the Kaiser by giving millions
of dollars more than asked.
The average subscription, officials
stated, will amount to approximately
J 1. 000. Tha largest average amount
for subscriptions In other warring
countries has been less than fOOO.
Washington officials are Jubilant
over their success as this Is the only
first loan of any warring nation to be
fully subscribed without calling on
banks at the last minute to make up
tim deficit.
Secretary McAdoo has announced
that no oversubscriptions or late sub
scriptions w 111 be accepted on this
loan. No definite step has been taken
with regard to holding the subscrip
tions for the next loan which will be
for $3,000,000,000 to loan to the '.Hies.
The New York Federal Reserve dis
trict Is understood to hav-t already
subscribed for more than lj 00.000,-
000 Only two districts are expected
to fall si art of their allo'ment.
The reason for the large subscrl
tlon from New York Is attributed to
the fact that so mut h of the money
coming from New York Is earned In
other parts of the nation by railroads,
telegraph companies, and other large
corporations.
Credit Hue To AH.
"No one Federal reserve center de-s-rves
moro credit than another In
proportion In their ability." said
Wooiley this morning. They have
all done all that men can be expecte-J
tu do
The loan would Imve been even
more heavily oerstibsrrlbed Woolley
said today, if it haa been, possible ta

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