Newspaper Page Text
THE WASHINGTON TDIES, SATURDAY; JUNE 16: 1917.
Entered as eecond class matter at the Foit- efflcs at Washington. D. C. Published Every Evening (Includlnx SumUyel Bv The Washinsrton Times Company. MUN8ET BUILDING. Pennsylvania Avenue. FRANK A. MUNSEY President R. H. TITHERINGTONr Secretary FRED A. WALKER Treasurer -On Tear (Including Sundays). 12.M. Ell Months. 11.75. Three Months. We. SATURDAT. JUNE II, 1111. Congratulation! Secretary McAdoo is worthy of the plaudits he is now receiving for the magnificent success of the Liberty loan. Doubtless it could have been managed successfully through bank ing agencies alone. But the object of securing a popular loan was one worth the risking of- much to ac complish. To this end the Secretary of the Treasury, who is always ready to back his judgment with the neces sary show of nerve, bent every en ergy. It is really an extraordinary achievement, that such a huge loan. at a comparatively low rate of inter-1 : est in a prosperous year, should have been oversubscribed practically a half of the whole amount, at a mini mum of expense to the Government. Nor should be forgotten the service rendered by the director of publicity. Robert J.r Woolley, who gave his labors without stint to the cause. Woolley knows newspaper men and they know and trust him. Their service was, of course, indispensable, but under other auspices it might have been rendered ineffective. We hope the Government has learned how valuable a public servant they have in the late director of publicity for the placing of the Liberty loan. Mature Officers Needed New officers' training camps will open on August 27. They will be for the development of officers above the grade of lieutenant. They will afford the last opportunity for ob taining commissions through the in tensive system, but for the grades of captain, major, and lieutenant col onel, older men are desired than the average of those who applied for training at the first camps. The fact that a large majority of the first applicants were liable to draft may have created an impres sion in. some minds that their patri otism was not untinged by self-interest. But this is a poor reason for impugning the motives of the appli cants. They were exchanging a chance of one in twenty of being drawn for the certainty of serving. In most cases their motives were of the highest; their devotion is un doubted. Now is the chance of the older men. They held back before partly through doubt as to their athletic competency and partly because many of them had dependents to care for. They felt that they were not wanted and that the young men had the right of way. Now mature and ex perienced men are preferred. It is their turn. The age limit is fifty. For the Conservation of Social Work A petition signed by many of the distinguished leaders of social service In America has been presented to the Council of National Defense, asking for the appointment by the council of a committee on the con servation of social work. It is ar gued with much force that there is seed of a central clearing house of in formation and advice, for which there is the best chance of success through such a connection with a quasi-gov ernmental agency, the alternative of forming a voluntary national com mittee being subject to needless de lay and lacking the authority of the other. It is shown that, under the guise of meeting new social needs arising out of war conditions, hun dreds of national organizations have been already promoted, to say nothing of State and local organiza tions; that there will be inevitably great duplication and waste of effort and resources unless these are prop erly correlated and the unfit weeded out; that the demands upon existing organizations of approved standing are multiplying while the problem of their financial support is increasing. and that here is danger of letting down the standards that have been laboriously established. Such a committee, really repre sentative of the various social agencies of the country, would have a rare opportunity for patriotic serv ice, and it is hoped that the sugges tion will be carried out. they are slow to act upon in the crises of their own affairs. The speaker told how his company en tered upon a great program of im provements, in the face of war prices. This is part of his statement: I-ast year we entered upon a con tractive program Involving" expendi ture for the next few years of about $100,000,000. Many of our frienou urged us to go slowly and wait until all costs should be reduced. But we believed that when facilities were needed they ought to be provided, and that a manufacturer should not spec ulate upon what he might be able to do In the future. He should do It now. Costs are very much higher now than they were then. They promise to be much higher In the future. But by beginning when we did we were able to greatly Increase our facilities. so that they are available now when they are so supremely needed Jn the interests 01 n&uonu orienie. Mr. Schwab went on to say that it is easier to carry through a big pro gram than a small one, if it is the right program. There comes in the matter of accurate judgment. But judgment applied to the affairs of life is developed only in action. A man must think out his course and then he must act. In time the ex ercise of intellect and of will becomes one act or so nearly one that the line of division can hardly be dis cerned. And the wise judgment and courageous will that work harmon iously and effectively together com mand results. Don Marquis' Column To Constantlne, WlHelm, et at. The world Is so full of a number of kings That it keeps us all happy handing them things. THE POSSESSION' OF A DEPEND ENT MULE SHOULD MAKE A MAN EXEMPT, ANTHOW. Sir: Ever since June 11. when 1 registered for the military census, I have been wondering why a mule owned by a man of fifty-two or a boy of fifteen would not be as valuable In a military way to our State as a mule owned by a man of eighty. Do you know? This has nothlnar to do with the fact that a noted German authority on bees bear the name Gerstung. C. M. B. Courage in Commerce Business is a continual battle. The man who engages in it actively has reed for all those qualities that make men heroes on the field. This does not imply any necessity for vicious personal conflict for the unworthy attempts to ruin rivals out of spite or to mount on the wreck of other men's fortunes. We refer to the courage and foresight that enables a man to seize opportunity, to prepare for an enlarging future, to retrieve temporary errors of judgment before they have time to grow into final defeat Charles M. Schwab, speaking be fore the World's Salesmanship Con gress in Detroit, used the experience of the Bethlehem Steel Company to illustrate these truths, which most men will admit is general, but which "i The President and the Senate With all due deference to the views of grave and reverend Senators who are alarmed at the idea of granting' extraordinary powers to the Presi dent of the United States, for the conduct of the war, the country is far less concerned with that aspect of the case than with the inter minable delay in the Senate concern ing the most pressing matters. The Fathers were never wiser in framing the Constitution than when they de vised a one-man power for waging war. Congress has declared war. It should still hold the purse strings, providing revenue and making ap propriations. It should pass the legislation necessary, the opinion of its necessity being with the major ity. But above all, it should pro ceed to ascertain that opinion by coming to a vote as speedily as pos sible. Fiddling while Rome burned was the crime of an executive of past history. But talking while Germany fights by land and sea, in the air and below the water, by force of arms and by intriguing plots, is the legislative crime of the present of which those deemed guilty will never live long enough to atone. Senator Lodge as an historian was not quite candid in quoting from an ante-bellum speech made by Abra ham Lincoln, before his inaugura tion. It was not what Lincoln said then but what he did while the war was in progress that concerns us now. What he did was to assume the existence of the very powers for which the President is asking by legislative grant at the hands of Con gress. Lincoln did not ask for a censorship, but he suppressed news papers and threw editors into jail. He suspended the writ of habeas corpus and instructed military com manders to disregard contrary or ders even from the Supreme Court. And he won the war, often in despite of themeddling of Congress. Congress attempted to wage the war of 1812 and the experiment was a costly one to the prestige of the United States. In the debate yesterday, the coun try will agree with Shafroth and Husting and Cummings and Nelson and Newlands rather than with Lodge and Reed and-J3oke Smith. The country understiuJp' that there must be some authorsjyover trans portation that shall direct what products shall have priority of ship ment, if we are not to leave all such matters in inextricable confusion. The idea that the President or any board appointed by the President would use that power to bankrupt one manufacturer and to make money for his rival is unthinkable. It is not the President's fault if Sen ators seem less willing to trust him than the people are. It is somewhat ominous that a week or more should have been wasted in debate over this one clause of the bill now before the Senate. It is equally ominous that Senator Chamberlain and not Sena tor Gore, chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, had to introduce the Lever food control bill in the Senate. The country will respect the deci sion of the majority of Congress even in opposition to the request of the President. It is tolerating with less and less patience the delay in getting at the opinion of the majority. Fewer speeches and more roll calls are the need of the hour. The country is taking up the cry heard sometimes on the floor of the Senate itself, when patience has been exhausted and is saying. Vote, Vote! Bradstreet's index finds an Increase of 3.3 per cent In the cost of living In a month's time, an increase of 32.3 per cent In a year, and of 57 per cent since June 1, 1914. The total Increase of 79 per cent in costs since the be ginning; of the European war may mean that even the street car lines have some excuse for pleading poverty. Fert Myer IMasmea. Our friends and our sweet hearts send goodies so rare. We ought to be grateful and very-content; But you get co darn little when try ing to share With the hundred and sixty-nine men in your "tent." They drill us for hours in drizzling rain. And do we have rest then? Not much! We must run! But that doesn't begin to compare with the pain Of rushing for mail and finding there'a none. PETE. The depositions of Constantlne and Nicholas should be Included In the next white book. The function of a court Is to trans late Into legal language the mental confusion of the majorities. Hermlone etlll knits from time to time on a pair of socks which she started during the winter of 1314-15. "At first." she told us the other day, "I Intended them for the Belgians. "And then I got Interested In the. Poles. "And then I was going to send them to the poor, dear Serbians. "But now one doesn't hear much about the Serbians, does one?" We arreed that one didn't. And we suggested that since America has entered the war she need no longer be In doubt as to the proper country to which to donate the socks. "I don't know," she said thoughtfully. "Our boys have plenty of things. y.u know. And I've been thinking lately of sending them to the Czar. Of course. the dear man has been deposea, ana If .,. ,.., a Ihln. Y.,, Ana fal-tla a certain sympathy for him. doesn't I one. During the early part of MIS they rallv ,-,jH vn h mnrUm and h,ran to assume the propori&ons of stockings. It wai at that period that Fothergll Finch (Hermlone at the time wavering be tween the French and English) sug gested that no short.legged man could rear them, and recommended that they be presented to Israel Zsngwlll to go back to Jerusalem In. But Hermlone saw no merit In the thought. They are destined. In our opinion. to became a union rult. In three or four years, when peace breaks out again, perhaps they will be awarded to the winner. "You mustn't permit your war work to exhaust you." we warned Hermlone. "Nothing that I can do for the cause Is too hard.' she replied. "Only the other day I put in an entire hour mak ing all the servants buy Liberty bonds. I'm going to have Papa take the Instal ments out of their pay. you know. whether they like It or not. "I'm even thinking of buying one myself." RAPS PRO-GERMAN PAPERS Correspondent Asks Why They Are Allowed to Continue. To the Editor of THE TIMES: Why are papers that are decidedly Fro-German allowed to continue? Viereck's Weekly Is one, and there are othera too numerous to mention. Take Viereck's Weekly as an ex ample. Before the declaration of a state of war between the United States and Germany this paper was called the Fatherland, and Its pur pose, aa far aa I could see, was to aid the German nation In its war with the allies. Now that war has been declared between the Imperial gov ernment and our own, the name of the paper has been changed, but has the policy of the oaDer ehanred? For merly It gloated over the horrors of the U-boat warfare; now that It Is unable to show Its satisfaction at the murdering of "women and children It is trying to make the people believe that to fight with England is a. sad mistake on our nart. It takes for an example the War of the Revolution, when the English hired Indians and Hessians to fight me rounders of our country. The In dians at that time, not civilised, re sorted to barbarous warfare, but the Hessians, the dear Hessians, -raised In ine most educated part of the world, were forced to fight for the British whether they wished to or not. be cause their ruler had hired them out to fight. The colonies declared war on Eng land for less than this. Tet you hear many German fanatics or sympa thizers rave about the treatment of Ireland at the hands of the different rulers of England. But has the spirit of Ireland been broken like that of the Hessians? If the Hessians or any part of them had voiced an ob jection, they would have been mur dered and the rest cowed down by the sight, and would have bowed low with adoration to kiss the foot that had trampled on them and their law ful rights Has English history ever been blackened by such horrors as the Hun has perpetrated In the present conflict the air raids over London, deportation of Belgian residents, sinking without warning of passenger ships? Yet the Germans all rive credit tn the Kaiser for the good things, and blame Germany's enemies tor condi tions for which they themselves are entirely to blame. -INTERESTED." Good Hope, D. C ' Cupid Will Rule in England When War God's Reign Ends More Than 750,000 Weddings Expected, and Government Will bpend $150.00,(XX) to Provide Homes. War Questions Some of the German papers are protesting against the use of oats to feed rare horses. Dr Jnhnsnn would probably have railed the use of the Chanson Patrlotlque. I. A youth one day went strolling with bis sweetheart, LI I McGee; His new spring coat was belted and his age was twenty-three; He loved the maiden fondly and ne wanted her for wife; He swore he'd love her truly his en tire natural life. But the maid was patriotic, and she thought of Uncle Sam; She heard the young man coldly and. In fact, was very calm; She gladly would of been a wife with in this month of May. But to him. now, these words she then did say: CHORUS: Do your bit If you would win me lour buxom bride to be. I hardly think It's In ye. But that's what we're going to see. Wear a flag on your lapel. For a handkerchief as well; Stick a sticker on the wall, or two, or three. Do your bit; don't .be a slacker; Cut out liquor and tobacco; And chewing-wax I think you'd bet ter quit. When the flag Is on the screen. Clap your hands see whit I mean? If you want to win this chicken, do your bit. II. He was all for loving Lily, but she lesned against the fence; In her mind she seen the soldiers as they fought and bled at Lens; She heard the bugle calling and the shrieking cannon ball: And she hardly thought of Tercy, if she thought of him at all. She loved the young man truly, but she loved her native land: And the Stars and Stripes above her she swore was simply grand: So she would not heed his urglngs when he said to name the dar. But to him these patriotic words did say: no your bit, etc. RANCHOLT WARSDEN'. Song. In one blue cosmic haze there wheels Each throbbing planet, earth and star. And every meadow flower reveals Life's mystic message without mar. Takes Exception to Tines Editorial On "Foolish Talk From a Phyalelan." To the Editor of THE TIMES: Your recent editorial. "Foolish Talk From a Physician." Is not fair. I have not read the address from which you quote, but reading the quotation, I can not see that the physician, who ever he may be, has stated any un truth. Whether you or I like It or not, we can not alter the facts of na ture the best we can do is to accept them and make the most of them we can. To me, and I think to all the physi cians to whom the address was deliv ered and it was delivered to physi cians, not to the general public the physician you so severely criticise was simply enunciating the old doc trine of the corrupt tree not bringing forth good fruit, and warning against that emotional Imagination Indulged In by many, particularly novelists, who fancy that from the congenltally degenerate and deformed there may evolve the perfect From the quotation you have made no one Is Jutlfled In ascribing to the maker of the address any other dec laration than that the inculcating of an unwise emotionalism for the con genltally defective may entail the per petuation by propagation of other con genital defectives. The physician clearly had reference solely to those born degenerate, not to those that be come subsequently degenerate or de fective by Injury, or disease; he re ferred to hereditary degeneracy, not to acquired degeneracy; the first la transmissible to offspring, the second is not transmissible. The crippled soldier will never be get one-legged Infants or any other deformities if he himself and his piate be hereditarily sound. This Is the law of nature as we see It today. Do you condemn ue because we speak the truth as we see It. or would you rather that we cloak and olssemble? DR. II. D. In every song of paint or pen. In every moulded hit of stone. There dwells the longing or all men To speak, to Journey not alone. And all the trades of all the clans Move in the merest village mart. While all the pain that love light fans Sobs In the depths of one poor heart! JAMES WALDO FAWCETT. It becomes apparent in the long Takes Exemption to Mr. Clayton's Characterisation of "Strikebreakers." Tj the Editor of THE TIMES: I regret exceedingly that a gentle man of William McK. Clayton's accom plishments and ability should charac terize a body of worklngmen In such terms as he Is quoted ss using. In The Times. I was a regular patron of the road before and during the strike. I had every opportunity to see and Judge of the men's behavior and I feel compelled to say that my sym rathles wrer not with the men who voluntarily left their work at the behest of their leadeis. I cannot defend the management of the Washington Railway and Electric Company. There v much to be desired In accommodation!, In service. In condition of track and rolling stock, but the fact remains that Mr. King and his manager- were entitled to run the road In the manner that appeared to them beat. It was not for a body of employes to dictate how and on what terms they would work. Mr. Claytons rharactertraflnn of the "strikebreakers" as "vile" and a "crew ' la unworthy of him. and a little cool reflection will convince him of the fact. There are few first class men to be had for the kind of w-ork offered by a street car -com pany, and tne wonaer Is that a worse lot did not respond to the call. To my mind they comaDred tn. vorably with their predecessors. W. E. Silver Spring, Md.. June 15, ...1.. .. i ... ... I run that a sense of Justice does ' ' v" ""' '" "" " mult ,bi,iv ,nm,h. .,nH... .u. vu. . Proclaimed, as they march'd to th ,- Uon of the Jjorrora of war. 1 humanity. DON MAEQUIS. lTtat,J2vworever.ht " " tUir " "The Stars and Stripes Forever." Words and Music John Philip Souia. Let martial tnote. In erluuiph. float. And liberty extend its mighty hand. A Has appears. 'Mid thund'rous cheers. The banner of the Western land. Tne emblem or ine Dravo and true. Its folds protect no tyrant crew. The red and white and starry blue. is rrteaom s snieia ana nope. Other nations mar deem thtlr flase the bt And cheer them with fervid elation But tbe flag of the North and South and West. Is the flag- of flaas. The Flax of Freedom's nation. Hurrah for tbe flax of the free. May It ware as our standard farv The arm of the land and the sea. The Manner of tbe Rleht. 1,-t despots remember the dav When our fathers with mlchty endeavor Proclaimed, as they msrch'd to the frav " LONDON, June 16 When the war Is over and Tommy comes back from the front there Is going to be an epidemic of matrimony In this coun try. It is calculated that there will be about three-quarters of a million weddlnga Just as fast as the preach ers can get around to them. Hayes Fisher, parliamentary secre tary to the local government board, told a conference on the housing problem the other day that Great Britain would not have houses enough for lta people, under the new conditions, by a round half million. The "local government authorities are planning the most ambitious housing scheme that waa ever con templated. They propose to Invest 1100,000,000 in building houses In various parta of the country. Just aa a starter. Of course 1150,000,000 will not be much mora than a aUrt and the problem of financing such a task. to say nothing of the feature of phy sical construction. Is going to tax every resource that can be mustered. The greatest of all wonders of this war. It has teemed to me. Is the capac ity or a people to think under pres sure. The British public mind Is in a perfect ferment today about a thou sand questions. It is not only fer menting, but It Is producing con clusions. This housing question Is Just one of the problems which tha new England must deal with. There Is the problem also of restoring agri culture, of establishing minimum wages, of rehabilitating and rapidly expanding foreign trade, of rebuild ing the merchant marine, of planning cities and towna and rural communi ties scientifically, of better care for children, of pensions and other forma of state aid for the disabled soldiers and sailors and their families, of edu cational reform, on which hundreds of millions will unquestionably be spent within the next few years In snort, tnere are so many problems that an enumeration of them might occupy columns and yet be hopelessly incomplete. Problem Of Housing. Take this one of housing. London has done more than any other city in the world toward the systematic ripping out of slums and tbe substl tutlon of respectable and desirable homes suited to the needs and In comes of the poor people. For a long time It waa hard to get tha people to appreciate what waa offer ed to them. Stories are still familiar of families who were moved Into four-roomed apartments with bath. and promptly turned the bathtub into a coal repository. But things are changing very fast now. England is discovering that the way to make people self-respecting, to make bathtubs, popular and sanitary con venlences necessary is to pay tha people wages enough to Justify them In a taste for better modes of living. It has been said a rood many times, but It will not be said too often, because it Is more than any other one thing the real explanation of what Is happening In the British public mind today, that during the war nobody has been poor except the rich, while the poor have been better off than they were ever before. That is absolutely true and It plains why millions of families are now In a frame of mind to Insist upon a chance to live better, broader, cleaner, healthier, and more self-re specting lives. At the bottom of this problem of rehousing England N the question of agricultural wages. Incomes tn the country have been so small that for two generations tbi agricultural laboring classes have been constantly drawn away to the cities, attracted by the lure of high wages and sup posedly better opportunity. This congestion In ' the cities tended to bring wages there down to a level Just aa bad as It had been in the country, if not worse: but the people once taken away from the country almost never returned to It. Speculators Hard nit. About a decade ago. when modern Intramural transportation was gener ally Introduced Into English cities, London and some of the other large towns were overbuilt by speculators, Just as has happened In a good many American cities. Millions and millions of cheap and showy houses In rowa were put up In the suburban areas and presently the speculators found themselves holding a sack; the houses were not occupied and didn't sell and so building suddenly stopped. Then London begsn to grow rapidly and presently had filled up these houses and demanded more; they were not supplied fast enough, and even when the war broke out the question of houses waa becoming seri ous. People don't agree as to why London contains more people today than it probably ever did before In Its existence. But It Is a fact. It Is al most Impossible to get a house of the type which the family of the working man requires, although palatial resi dences are plentiful enough. If rents have not Increased as rapidly as some other necessaries they have neverthe less Incressed very considerably as to this type of establishment. Everybody wonders what will hap pen to London when the war Is over; whether the population mat nas garn ered Into the metropolis will dissolve back to the provinces agsln or wheth er It will to a considerable extent want to stay here. The general belief Is that London is going to have a tre mendous boom when the war Is over; always assuming, as everybody In England does, that the war's end will be favorable to the allies. What Is said here about London Is true, though to a less extent, of the provincial centers. England Is going to have more big houses that It can uae and more demand for small houses thst It will want to use than ever con fronted a community. The flrat effort to cope with this sltustlori will be through plans for inducing the people to go back to rural life. This means a herculean struggle with the land ques tion In the efTort to get the land di vided Into small parcels and turned over to people who will live on It and work It. Among the soldiers there Is a striking disposition to accept this nrosrram because so many of them are determined not to live In cities again. .Much Dnlldlng Necessary But In order to get the soldiers back to the land they mut be provided tbe country Mr. Fisher's estimate that half a million new houses would be needed within a very short time after the war's end is probably quite moderate, despite the fact that hun dreds of thousands are likely to emi grate to the colonies or elsewhere, Various plans are considered for grappling with this housing question. Ijuntclpal bodies will be given neces sary authority to Incur debt In order to carry out house building plans, and a great number of mutual co-opera tive organizations similar to the building and loan societies so familiar in the United States will be given every encouragement. Including, if they can be found, the advance of funds from public sources. The demands on public revenues are going to be such that never again will tha modest budgets of antebellum daya be dealt with by chancellors of ine exenequer. somehow Great Bri tain will be compelled to continue raising an Immensely Increased reve nue from various kinds of taxation, for tha scale of war expenditures will continue, though the purposes of the expenditures will be changed after ma war. There la little doubt that the coun try will need tbe labor of everybody capable of performing It- But how to get the man and the Job associated together with the least waste of ef fort la a problem already receiving attention. Obviously to build half a million houses win require quantities of capital and material which cannot be Instantaneously provided. Government Helps Sought, Everybody Instantly turns toward the Government to save the situation. The shipping owners whose shipping has been sunk presume that tha Gov ernment will realize the necessity of helping them re-store their fleets. factories that have been comman deered and converted Into munition worka will have to be restored to their original purposes, in some cases at great expense. Machinery that has been operated under pressure of war demand until it Is about ready for the scrap heap, will have to be re placed by other machinery. So it goes throughout tbe whole realm of Indus try andlnterprlse. There will be plenty of work for everyDoay to do. and there will be the released man power from the armies plus the newly organized and trained woman power, which can nev er again be excluded rrom an Import ant relationship to the national In dustry. But to organize these re sources, to provide capital, to pay wages, to bring materials together from a world that has rapidly been denuding Itself of all manner of ma terials to feed these teeming millions during the yeara of high prlcea that will undoubtedly follow this war, aa they followed every other war in modern times these are. tasks which confront British statesmen and econo mists as they confront the states men and economists of other Euro pean countries. The Times receives every day questions concerning service In the war and other matters re lating to the war. In this column the.questlona and replies to them will be printed, as it is obviously Impossible to answer telephone queries. All Inquiries should be mailed to WAR QUESTIONS The Times O. WAen is fas conscription 0 ma recently registered to beglnt . A. The conscription will begin as soon as registration figures are com pletely tabulated, and the necessary organization for the work completed and ready. The conscription will be started probably in a few daya on a proclamation by the President fixing the time, aa was done in the registration. O. Will if be necessary for.the man I MihJ. ,, . ,.. J........ ., a..,!., ,, ..I. I vjt. ,, ,vn,uwiiv. tw n v , a cAoice of the army of eervice he pes fert, or will the men conscripted ee oiten a choicer . A. Men conscripted will be given some option aa to the branch or arm of service they wish to Join, In so far as such requests can be met. They will be permitted to choose, pro vided the branch or arm chosen Is not filled and their services needed else where. O. What are tho requirements at to leetaht, in relation to height, for admis sion" to tho armyt Ono young man Jbiow teas turned rfourn because he teas too light for hit height; and tomo or rejected a being too heavy, t would like to know about thitt A. Standard weights are used. For instance, a man five feet eight Inches high should weigh 131 pounds. Allowance of a few pounds over or under are alwaya made and it Is understood that the examiners are to be allowed considerable lati tude in Individual cases where In othera respects the applicant is phy sically fit. C One of my friend I a railroad man. Will that exempt Aim from tervice under conscription A. Not necessarily. It has been made very plain that there are to be no class exemptions. This waa emphasized by the announcement that farmers aa a whole are not to be exempt, 0. What vat the population of In land in 1US and in 1S51? A. In 184S It waa 8S3,0U. In 1831, 6,652,383. O Bow many Catholict are there in tho principal European icountrlett A. Austria about 33.000; Germany, 43.000; Italy. 4.000; Holland, 8.000; Russia, 60,000; Great Britain. 7,000. FIgurea for France and Belgium are not available. Today's Calendar - WEATHER FORECAST Q. What it tht production of cotton in Turkey and where producedt A. In the Ciliclan plain there were produced in 1913, 113,000 bales: in 1913. 143,000. In the Smyrna district In 1913. 82,000. In the Aleppo dis trict In 1914. 18.000, and In Armenia In 1914. 4,000. The entire cotton pro duction of Turkey is estimated at about 530,000 bales, and la rapidly In creasing. For tha District of Columbia and Maryland Fair tonight and -Sunday; continued cool tonight: warmer Sun day;, gentle to moderate' northerly winds. For Virginia Fair tonight and Sunday: rising temperature Sunday; fresh northerly winds. Middle Atlantic States Warmer first part of tha coming week, fol lowed by warm weather thereafter. The week will be one of generally rair -weather. Cool weather contlnuea this morn ing generally east of the Mississippi river and in the West Gulf States, and there were light frosts In the region of the upper Lakes, Illinois, Indiana. and western Pennsylvania. Tha weather has become warmer over tha Northern States from the, upper Mis alppl valley westward to the Rocky mountains, and temperatures remain above the normal over the western Plateau region and the' Pacific States. There were local ralna within; tha last twenty-four hours in the Atlantic States. Fair weather waa general elsewhere. The Indications' point to generally fair leather tonight and Sunday la the States east of tha Mississippi river. The temperature will rise tonight and Sunday In the upper Lake region and the Ohio and lower Mississippi valleys, and Sunday 'throughout the middle Atlantic States and southern New England. Tha wlnda along the New England coast will be moderate variable, be coming west- and northwest: on tha middle Atlantic south Atlantic, and east Gulf coasts moderate north and northwest. Steamers departing today for Euro pean porta will have moderate west erly winds and overcast weather tn the urand .Banks. LOCAL TEMPERATURES; lU. ........a.,., ft noon ............. u ...a...... S3 tore for this data for tha I a. m. ............. Mill a. a. a fill no It a. m. o 1 p. Averaxe tempera1 last 11 years. 71. TIDE TABLE. HIGH TIDES, LOW TIDES. 1:11 a. m.: hebjht HIUJl p m.: hetsht O .WISJ.I il W i:! p. m.; sujr axd moojt tables. Sua rose 4:11 a. m.Moon rise Ml p. Bun HU ?: p. m. I Moon sets :U a, Llxht actomoblle lamps at 1.-01 p. a. PRAISE KING CONSTANTWE Greek Loyalists of Washington Adopt Resolutions. To th Editor of THE TIMES: Our glorious King Constantlne has crowned his sublime achievement by bidding his people to accept tbe de mands of the three great all!ed pow ers without resistance. Thus once more he has saved his country from destruction by sacrificing himself. for this supreme act of patriotism unequaled In history, we revere him today more than ever, and In this, aa In all things, his will binds us In the future aa In the past. It is In this spirit that we await his message to us, keeping him always In our hearts and confident of the future. This Is the attitude of every true Greek, and from the depths of our hearts we all cry, long live King Con stantlne. LOYALIST LEAGUE OF WASHING TON Louis Zografos, president: Mike Patrlnakos, vice president; G. Kracopoulos, cashier; George Vournas. secretary. Washington. D. C June IB, 1917. Sends Words Which John Philip Souia Wrote For Illi "Stars and Stripes Forever." To the Editor of THE TIMES: Seeing In The Times recently the suggestion of a Mrs. J. A. Mahoa that some one should compose words to John Philip Sousa's "Stars and Stripes rorever," that his stirring music be made our national anthem, I Inclosed the clipping In a letter I was writing to Mr. Sousa. In his reply, received this morning. Mr. Sousa states: "Nearly ten years ago I wrote words to my music, and. aa a song. It Is sung In many schools, and haa been sung at a great number of gatherings In the country. Only two years ago music teachers In con vention In San Francisco passed a resolution urging Congress to adopt ray song as the national anthem of our land. Of course, you know that I am very diffident about my compo sitions, and j.ave never exploited one of them." Mr. Sousa having kindly sent me the male quartette score of "Stars and Stripes Forever." with Its words. I tske pleasure In Inclosing the latter for the enjoyment oSTMrs. Mahoa and other admirers of the musical genius of John Philip Sousa, America's great march king. ALICE LEE MOw-E. NO USE. Kablelgh Tour wife la always out spoken, lin'f she? Henpeck Tes. but I try to be that way. too. sometimes. Kablelgb Really? Henpeck Tes, but whenever I venture to be outspoken It ends In my being merely outtalked. IN THE TOILS OF THE LAW. 'I have almost starved to learn." said the struggling student, the first day he hung out his shingle. "And now you must almost learn to starve." replied the old attorney who remembered the echoing empti ness of his earliest office. Exchange. AND NO WONDER. 'So the Jlbwaya separated?" Ist week." What was the trouble?" "Mr. Jlhway's first wife wrote him a O. TFAot are the largett cities in Asiatic Turkey r A. Bagdad. Damascus and Aleppo, all having a population of about 30, 000. Smyrna, the largest city, la es timated to have about 400,000. Bei rut haa 130.000, and Brussa 110.000. O. WAof book can get on Sweden. dealing with the induttrial and ecc nomio derelopmrnt of the countryr Aw Key's "La vie Economlque de la Suede." Paris, 1913. Is the best book. If you read French. If not. Drachmann and Wester Paard'a "In dustrlal Development dnd Commercial Policy of the Three Scandinavian Countries." London, 1913. contalos some valuable information. Tou will also find some Information on somaH phases of these subjects In the Amer ican Consular Reports for the past fifteen years, but you will have to dig It out largely. O. WAat teas fAe amount of bondt issued during the Civil War, and what were the maturitiett Have all theie bondt been paid, and it there any indebt ednett incurred during that time un paid. A. The loans of the civil war were aa follows : 1S9.OU50 June 30. ISM , 1SD.T1.K0 June 30. 1831 . 1DJ99.750 Aug. U. 1864 . SH.TT1.6W Msy 1. ISO . 15000.000 On notice . KUS3.M1 After lyr. . 75.000.000 July, 1881 . 44,S3).ax Mar.. . 166.480.000 Mar., . S6.595.440 Mar.. 1864 196.118.300 Mar.. 1S64 125.561.300 Nov.. 1864 800.000.000 Aug.. IW 332.99850 July. 1S65 ZaXUXO Nov.. All of these bonds have subsequently been either retired at maturity or con verted Into other Issues. In August. 1565. the total Interest-bearing debt outstand ing was C4S1.530JJ4. as against S64.640. 838 at the end of the Ascal year 1860. By the middle of ISM this debt had been reduced to SS5.031.000. notwithstanding the Issue of about 1521.000,000 new loans In the Intervening period, such aa the specie resumption bonds, for other pur poses than refunding of prior loans. Inasmuch as the sinking fund has oper ated largely during the period since 1892, It may be said that the entire civil war debt has been paid off. Feb.. 1861... July. 1861... July: 1861... Feb.. Feb.. Mar.. Mar.. Mar.. Mar.. June. Aug.. July. Nov.. 1SE2 1863 , 1863 1S63 1861 1863 1863 , Observations at Unltad SUtaa Wath Ih. Jjaa stations, taken at I a. as. today, m-rmtr- as.aa.an ' "Ti fd he. n laalsT Temperature Bainfall . Last :i hrs.Barom- Last Station. Hlxh, Low. etsr. hrs. Weather. Albany I! II KM .H Cloudy M J0.0S JJ Cloudy U W.1S .Of dear M axes jx, jutainx J0JI Cloudy W . Clear M Mia clear 41 J3.JS Clear a nt pt. cloudy H M.M Clear 44 Vt M Clear S a.u aar a ie.ll Clear M J0.es Clear (4 a.n M Clear K 10.24 pt. cloudy S a.tj dear ). . Clear 7t 3.M US Ft. cloudy J0.M Clear U K.M Cloudy M - dear M HUM amT U -.7I Clear aa .ts cloudy 12 urns . Ooody U 2J. clear 42 K.M Gear -41 .H dear -SJ0 Foaxy a SM dear W 10.10 Clear M M.0S Pt. cloudy M .u .04 dear Atlantic City, a Baltimore..... Boston. K Buffalo.... u Charleston..... so Chlcmto u Cincinnati.... it CteTtland..... U Denver. .... 7 Detroit........ M El Paso....... M Galveston,.... I Hslena - u Jacksonville.. M Kansas City.. 71 Los Annies- M LoulTUI. .... u Miami. m New Orleans. M New Tork. 71 Oklahoma.... 7S Philadelphia.. 71 Phoenix 111 Pltteborxh.... H Portland.ate, U PortlaBd.Or. a Salt Laksdty U San Antonio.. M San Dleco..... 71 San Francisco H St. Louis. ... a St. Paul..... a Washington-. 71 Interesting Events of Importance Scheduled for Today. Examinations for admission to bar" practice, Georgetown University law department, all day. Address. Comlssloner Louts Brownlow. eight eenth 'annual encampment of Spanish War Veterans. Prthlan Temnl. 1 n m. Veetlnx. Mount Pleasant dttiens' Aseoeta- uon. Brown Betty inn. sixteenth street and Park road, norlhweet. S n. m War Mfrlco relief committee of CathoUe women ox District meeta at Bauschers. 1 a. m. Concert, United States Marine Band. Ellipse, s p. m. Special exercises at Great Falls chautsueua. nw.uciN uj ait. aioen ti 'TTTT'erm,-' 4 p. 0. 1864 1865 1S66 1874 1869 1867 1870 1S70 HER METHOOS. "Did you get rid of the files?" "I don't know. After we bad burn ed carbolic acid on a shovel and made a smudge of some kind of powder and scattered sassafras around, don't be lieve any files could stay In the place. I know us folks couldn t," Amusements. BeUseo Films, "Joan tbe Woman," saunas and evening-. National The Spruir Maid." by Ahern Opera Company. 1:20 p. m. B. F. Keith's VaudetUIa. 2:11 and 1:15 n. r. Poll's The Heart ofWetooa," by Poll players. I0 p. m. Loew's Columbia Motion pictures. 11:20 a. ra. to 11 p. m. Strand Motion pictures. 19J0 a. m. to 11 n, m. Garden Motion pictures. UM a. ra. to U A PRECAUTION. Jlgson I Just Joined the Don't Worry Club. Hlgaon Why? Jlgson Going to be married next week. HELPS SOME. However deeply sunk In woe. Remember this: We're lucky, since we do not know One-half we miss. SUGGESTION. "What does that old toper want to ljarn Italian for?" "I guess It Is because somebody told him It was full of liquid sounds." with houses on the land, sn 11 is go- ionK birthday letter every year, and Inr to be nrres.ary not only to build I think It finally got on the second I extensively. In tha cities, but also in'jlrs. Jlhway's nerves." SO PAW SAYS. Little Lemuel Say. paw, what Is a man of untold wealth? Paw A man of untold wealth, la usually & Ux dodger, tny son. Glen Echo Park Free moving pictures, dan cing and amusements. S p. ra. ITALY ELECTRIFYINGROAOS Government Makes Effort to Con serve Limited Coal Supply. The Italian government Is electrify ing fifteen railroads, with a total mileage of 1.70O miles, in an effort to solve the coal transportation problem. It Is stated In an official quarter. It Is said that Italy, by electrifying her roads. Is taking advantage of her almost limitless waterpower resour cea. Wherever possible the Rome government Is urging the application by hydro-electric power to all Indus trial plants. It was explained. The electrification of railroads baa been limited particularly to the com mercial and Industrial centers and to sections of flat country, the change being effected at such places at a rea sonable cost. Coal la still used for moving trains in the mountainous areas. The utilization of waterpower for driving energy is being carried ea throuhout all Italy. The Italian government is exerting every energy to conserve Its very lim ited reserve of coal, use of coal being confined to the absolute necessities. DEADLY GASES USED IN WAR Composition of Fumes Turned Loos By Germans Not Known. We do not know definitely the com position of the gases used In trench fighting. From the appearance, odor, and effects on the men it Is believed that a mixture of chlorine and bro mine Is employed, with the possible addition of sulphur fumes or formal dehyde gas. Oermany produeea chlorine and bromine In large quantities. These gsses attack the eyes, the lining of the mouth, throat, and nose. One part of bromine or chlorine In one thou sind parts of the air produces, almost Instant death The gases first cause a violent cough, followed by spitting of blood. Popular Science ilonthly. 1a afc.