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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 03, 1917, Image 1

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Fair Tonight
With 1:30 Wall Street
NUMBER 10.215.
Penetrate Three Lines of Enemy
Trenches and Take 6,300
New Prisoners Giant Battle
rETHOGRAD, J air 3-Rula'j of-
Xenslre; today forced the enemy haek.1
acroaa tie Little Strjrpa riTer ta Gall
ela penetrated tare line of enemy
trencfcea, and took QJ&QQ added prison
er. Ta war offlee announced aweeptnjc
valas ererrwaere Lnclodlnx tae eeea
patloa of Freaoree and tae TUIare
and aelirhta aotrtavreat of Zborar aad
Kordah al dalr
-Ta oaemr retired aeroaa the 11 1
tle StirpaV tae official atatemeat
A con tin Dance of the offensive waa
takes, her to ncu .that the enemy
Ilnea hare been penetrated aad the
enemy1 flanked ta aevera! place.
Offlcfal-dlapatehearelsred that U
count of prisoners Is still Incomplete,
and undoubtedly -will jr hlrfeer than
tae ltftQO odd an far a ceo anted for.
Great Battle Rasing.
LONDON, July 3. A decisive
battle is rajrinjr on the eastern front.
This information is official, and was
contained in a telegram received
here from Petrograd today.
"The fate of the liberty of the
Russian people hangs on the outcome
of the engagement,'' said the dis
patch. The Russian nation has been stir-
the initial success of the offensive.
I more than 10,000 Austro-Hungarian
...I . : 1 : i
wu uciuiao, prisoners Having Been
ptured up to date.
But the thing- that moved the peo-
most was the news that War Min
er Kerensky. falling to arouse the
Idlers to the proper pitch of enthus
iasm with oratory, placed himself at
the head of the army and led his
troops Into the thick of the fighting.
Battle Spreading.
The Initial assaults In thenewRus
slan drive were launched In the Kon-
Iwchy-Brzezany section. In Gallcla.
But today the fighting was spreading
to the north and south of that xone.
the Russian artillery pounding the
Austro-German positions In prepara
tion lor runner Infantry attacks.
The Russian soldiers, encouraged
by their success, are eager to extend
the offensive all along the line.
Among the prisoners In the hands
of the Russians are a number of
Turks that were rushed to Gallcla
to bolster up the Aut tro-German lines
Jong the Eelona LI pa river.
Simultaneous resumption of allied
offensives now that Rusla has sUrted
In to "do her bit" was expected here
Synehreneua Offensive.
Back In the winter the allied plans
bad called for a synchronous offensive
campaign In the spring to be waged
on the western, northern, Italian, and
Macedonian fronts. The Hlndenburg
"strategic retreat" on the western
front hastened the British and French
attack. Then came the Russian revo
lution and total Inaction of tha Rus
sian troops.
Italy stsrted her offensive on time
(Continued on Third Page.)
For Exchange
A long felt want Is filled by this
brand-new classification which now
appears in the advertising columns
of The Times, it Is the market place
for a wide variety of articles which
the owners desire to trade for articles
of equal value.
The three advertisements which
appear below are typical of the op
portunities offered by this classifi
cation. Others will be found under
the same heading on The Times'
classified pages.
SIX-ROOM BntCK HOUSE, Florida eve N.
C U so. What hare you; Apply BOX Ft,
Times ttffie
A COURSE la "sdvertlftnc" tlnUmstlonal
Correspondence Fchocll. with sll lusona
empi'ts: ceetlns; li; will cntdr promt-
r Hon artlcJo cf ton value, rhene North
hji-w . sner 7 p-fkx-K r. m
LAW BOOKS rer a illntng room gas dams.
Here is a table of the vari
ous sources of taxation, and
the revenue, in addition to
the present levies, they are
expected to yield annually:
Income! I5IJ.000.000
Excess profits ........ EII.000.000
Tobacco and alcohol... 242,000.000
Freight transportation. 77.500.000
Express and parcel poit 17,600.000.
Passenger transportlon 17.500,000
Pipe lines 4.S00.000
Eeata and berths 2.250,000
Telephones & telegraph 7,000,000
Publications 7.600.000
Automobiles 40.000.000
Sporting; (roods JOO.000
Pleasure boats ....... 600.000
Perfumes cosmetics. 1.700.000
Proprietary medicines..- 1.400.000
Kodaks 600.000
Admissions 2X.O0O.O00
Schedule A. Including;
playing; cards 10,000.000
Tea, coffee, sugar, etc. J4.000.000
Virgin Islands products X0.000
First class malls 50.000.000
Second class malls.... 1.000,000
The biggest revenue bill In the na
tion's history, calculated to produce
11,670,000.000 annually for war. ex
penses, was reported favorably ta the
Senate shortly afar the upper house,
comrehed - today. The enormous
amount It Is expected to raise Is still
several hundred millions short of this
year's estimated . share of the war
burden, but the deficit will be met
by a bond Issue after a more accurate
calculation can be made by the War
and Navy Departments.
The measure, aa reported by the
committee this afternoon, only slight
ly resembles the bill aa passed by
the House. For more than six weeks
the Finance Committee has been sub
jecting the measure to the most care
ful consideration, tearing It to ahreds
and redrafting It.
More Caanjrea Likely.
There Is a probability that the bill
will be still further amended before
Its final passage by the Senate, and
promise Is held forth that It will pro-1
voke a bitter battle when It goes
back to the House.
The committee believes It has dis
posed of the cry that the measure Is
a "rich man's bill" by making swol
len Incomes, excess war profits, and
liquors and tobacco the chief sources
of Income. These three sources must
contribute J1J07.000.000 or the J1.GT0.
000.000 to be raised by the bill. Mis
cellaneous sources will be taxed to an
extent large enough to make up the
La Hollette to Flsht Bill.
The bill was aubmltted to the Sen
ate today with the Indorsement of
twelve of the seventeen members of
the Finance Committee. Senator La
Follette of Wisconsin believes that
entire war burden ought to be placed
upon excess profits, big Incomes and
liquor and tobacco. In this connection,
he has been supported by Senator
Gore of Oklahoma and Thomas of Col
orado. He expects to mske a fight on
the Senate floor for amendment of the
bill along the lines of his plan.
NEW TORK. July i Two large
steamships flying a neutral flag have
been held at Quarantine during the
past few dars. Both are heavily
loaded with foodstuffs, consisting of
grain and coffee, which Is said to be
consigned to firms tn HoIIsnd. The
ships were detained on order of
President Wilson under the authority
vested In him to declare an embargo
on foodstuffs.
On one of the steamships Is a party
of thirty-eight German diplomats who
are returning to the fatherland under
safeconduct from the allies.
"It Is not the poorer class of Ger
mane In the United States we have to
fear." said Governor Bamberger of
Utah today.
"They are loyal They understand
the tremendous advantages this re
public offers them advantages offer-
e by no other country In the world . official advlcea received here to-
Unfortunately, however, there are I . . .. ... .
many men of wealth, men who belong"1"'" rrport ,nat "'' "vl '""
to the aristocratic classes of Ger-'hve accounted for two German sub
many. They are the ones who will' marines within the past week. One
stir up trouble. They are tha danger-1 was destroyed and the other cap
ous ones," tured.
Washington Officials Expect
Smashing Offensive Will Af
feet Austria and Hungary
(Cbprrlxht, I1T, by New Tork Evening Port
Russia's dramatic return ta ag
gressive warfare has inspired gen
uine enthusiasm among officials of
the United States Government. While
not inclined to be overopthnistic,
realizing indeed that Russia still has
great obstacles to overcome, and
may find her offensive quickly check
ed, official Washington is. gratified
that at last Russia has given Ger
many the most complete answer
possible to the intrigues for a separ
ate peace. , r
-It was the effort to- detach Rossi
from tha allies which produced the
depression of spirits, here six weeks
ago. Submarine losses have since
diminished. American troops have
been landed in France, and officials
are beginning to have the feeling
that America's power is effective at
last in Europe.
Will Affect Neighbors.
Aside from the Influence which the
Russian offensive must have on the
Internal political situation, the ex
pectation Is that Bulgaria and Aus
tria will feel the effects of the re
newed military activity.
. Information received officially In
the last three weeka but hitherto not
made public Indicates that the Rm
slans are well prepared for the prcs-
i ent offensive. Military experts believe
the Russians have picked out the
weak spots in the Austrian defenses
and that even if they do not score a
big victory they will at least Impede,
if not check, the Austrian hope of art
offensive against Italy In the Tren
tlno. On the other hand. If the Rus
sians break through the Austrian
line, another sensational movement
through Gallcla. with a probable re
adjustment of the whole eastern line,
may result
Worries for Bnlgars.
Political conditions in Austria and
Bulgaria, particularly, are far from
satisfactory for Germany, according
to the best Information available here.
The entry of Greece on the aide of the
allies and the probability of an allied
drive Into Macedonia before the sum
mer is over, together with the re
sumption of the offensive on the Rou
manian front which la expected short
ly. Is worrying the Bulgars. Rumors
of a separate peace have come out of
Bulgaria with significant frequency
of late.
The drive being made by Russia
under the leadership of General Ker
ensky, In whom officials of the United
States Government have the uomst
confidence, the failure of the Germans
to keep up their estimated totals of
tonnsge destruction and the Ameri
can military preparations sre con
fidently counted upon from now on to
affect the morale of the German
Amrrlrans Help Cause.
In connection with the sood news
from Russia comee favorable reports
of the work of the American commis
sion now visiting that country The
speeches made by Ellhu I loot. John
R. Drltt. James Duncan, Admiral Glen
non, and General Scott, are reported
to made mad a remarkable Impression-
on the crowds. The addresses
were translated sentence by sentence,
expert Interpreters being employed.
On the whole, today was In contrast
to the many days of worry and
anxiety over the war It was a day of
optimism and stimulated hope.
Southern Senators Block Meas
ure Because of Decline of
Eight Points in Price for
Product Included in Bill.
The Senate food control bill hit
a new snag today. Fresh revolt
and confusion is seething in the
Overnight Southern Senators
learned that cotton dropped eight
points when the Senate included
that product in the control measure
yesterday. As a result, today these
Senators, some of them foremost
Administration leaders, have become
"bears" on the bill.
They say they won't vote for a
cloture rule; they won't agree 'to a
time for voting, and they won't
approveAhe bill In its present form.
, -mis new- aeyejppment, -interjected
Into .an already very perplexing sltuai
tlon, -temporarily ahattered hopea of
those in charge of the bill that a
vote would be possible within & few
days. ,
Cletnre Fight Delayed.
While efforts were made to appease
the new element of uprising. It was
decided to postpone introduction to
the cloture petition until late today
or tomorrow and possibly the end of
the week.
Instead Senator Chamberlain made
another attempt to get unanimous
consent for a vote Thursdsy. but was
once more blocked by objection of
Senator Penrose, Pennsylvania, where
upon Senator Jones. Washington,
"dry" leader, rose to exhort newspa
per correspondents to let the country
know that "this time at least It Isn't
the friends of temperance who are de
laying passage of this measure.
Would Censeript Workers.
Senator Johnson of South Dakota
today. In an effort to straighten out
the food control bill tangle, urged on
a number of the Democratic Senators
that the proposal he advanced when
the conscription bill waa up be
Under this proposition, the Presi
dent would be given power to con
script everybody for work or service
of benefit to the public. To this Sen
ator Johnson would add a provision
giving the Government power to com
mandeer all property needed In war
for Government use.
Deny Blocking Bill.
"Dry" organisations today Issued a
statement tn which they said eleven
big prohibition societies denied the
President's Inference that antl-Ilquor
lobbying haa delayed the food bill,
and added that they will leave to
"trusted leadera In Congress" the de
cision as to "In ur on what bill" pro
hibition legislation may be grafted.
Organisations represented, the state
ment said. Included the W. C. T. C.
Anti-Saloon League. International Re
form Bureau, and the temperance com
mltteea of the Methodist, Baptist.
Presbyterian, Lutheran, and Christian
Although the prohibition forces of
the country announced today they
oodahX" ." '
o' that measure which would permit I
the manufacture of light wines and
beer, they Indicated quite clearly
their Intention to demand complete
war prohibition through some other
Representatives of all the leading
"dry" organisations of the country
met lest night at the Drteeoll Hotel
and mapped out an Immediate legis
lative policy. They Issued this state
ment today.
Venerable Jokes about cabbage, or
hay clgara has become a sad and
serious reality In Germany owing to
the scarcity and high cost of genuine
tobacco, saya a Copenhagen dispatch.
The latest war substitute Is com-
.... - k& AAinD- i. .u iwenij-year - per cem Donas ot Alllian party is aaiu iiinme auuicieni
posed or the roregoing. with othir the Federal farm loan bank of Spring, supplies to last only until about Au
Ingredients like strawberry laves. i ., u nere paced ot) ,e today athrnsn. Eight tens of supplies from I
lavender blossoms and sandalwood tollOlU- The sale 'of $10,000 worth In I New Tork are. fat Sydney to be pull
impari o-oma, )
Kingdon Gould and Bride
X 'k JssV aasrejrassWsaaaaiaaWf
Pf , nlrBaVSPT AinVflBaaMS
PaBBBBsMiaBBBnE'BiaBlafl JpsbbbbbbbbbbbB 'Hl 4w
4DlKil9DIsHE!iaaBl!K IfltHeflaSlBaiaBBBBBBBBBBBf "
, aWwiJ'anlsaaaaEanasBaliBB
1 !!Si?$ilaanViaaaaaBnmr'l!l '
(DUnderwood& Underwood
Copyright. Underwood A Underwood.
Bridegroom's Brother Denies Girl
Was Ever Governess.
NEW TORK, July 3. Ills family
apparently reconciled to his marriage
to Miss Annunziata Camilla Maria
Luccl, formerly a teacher ef Italian
In the Gould family. Kingdon Gould
ta back at work at his father's office
today, having decided to postpone his
honeymoon for a few days
Mr. Gould was very frank about the
entire matter, following the ceremony
yesterday, saying that his family
was "somewhat surprised." but that
"everybody Is satisfied now "
His brother. George J. Gould, Jr.,
the only relative who attended the
wedding seemed to be In thorough ac
cord with the couple. Ho Issued a
denial of the report that the bride
had been a governess, saying she had
merely tutored Miss Vivian Gould,
now Lady Decies, in Italian about
seven years ago.
The wedding yesterday set a record
for Informality Only about a dozen
guests attended, for the most part
artists and singers, friends of the
bride- The ceremony was performed
In the rectory of St- Patrick's Cathe
dral by Mgr. Gherardo Ferrante, while
a curious crowd waited outside.
It waa necessary for the couple to
obtain a special dispensation, Mr.
Gould being a Protestant and Miss
Luccl a Catholic
Mr. Gould said he would start In
two or three days for a two or three
weeks' motor trip up the-Hudson with
his bride
The War Department has ordered
recruiting stations to sccept men
only for the Infantry hereafter.
With the exception of a few places
In the quartermaster's corps for
bakers, cooks, and men speclally
quallfled for field clerks, everv branch
of the service hut the Infantry Is
filled to war complement.
About SO.ooo men r, needed to fill
the Infantry to war strength.
After the draft men who have been
drawn will not be allowed to volun
SPItlNGriELD. Mass .
July 3.-- i
. .
this city as reporjea.
Dispatch Forecasts Overthrow of
King Alfonso's Throne.
LONDON. July 3. The revolution
ary situation In Spain Is causing grave
alarm In official circles In Madrid,
said a dispatch from the Franco
Spanish frontier today.
"Well Informed quarters believe
that the fall of the monarchy cannot
be averted," the telegram stated.
"Alfonso In all probability will find
his 'divine right' government turned
into a republic. Leaders of the strong
est political parties In Spain have
formed a republican bloc."
The labor situation Is acute and the
suspension of the constitutional guar
antees has not tended to relieve It
NEW YORK. July 3 A Paris dis
patch to the Philadelphia Public
Ledger says:
The magnificent organization t.nd
the faultless working of the British
military machine, and the entry Into
the war of America, with her Immenae
resources, both man power and ma
terial, are considered In various quar
ters of France to renderIt extremely
' improbable. If not Impossible, that
there ever again will be among the
allies a crisis In effectives.
It I thought, therefore, the time
has now come for taking certain
measures with a view of lightening
the heavy burden which, on the west
ern front, has fallen upon the French
"The war minister announced at tc
day'a sitting of the chsmber that
three classes of miners would be Im
mediately released from service at the
front In order to Increase the output
of couL"
ST. JOHN'S, Newfoundland, July
3. The steamship Neptune, on which
Capt. Robert A. Bartlett Is proceeding
for Utah. Green'and, with supplies
for the relief of the Crocker land ex
pedltlon, headed by Donald R. Mae
Mlllan. sailed yesterday for Sydney.
Nova Scotia, to take on bunker coal.
Captain Rartlett expects to leave Syd-
nev for the North this week. The Mac
.1..... . ,- ,...,. ..... .1
laoosja e ne. )
EAST ST. LOUIS, IIU, July 3-At a meeting of the Chamber of
Deputies this afternoon it was agreed to call on Governor Lowdes
demanding martial law throughout the State by noon. In the event
of a refusal, they will appeal to President Wilson.
EAST ST. LOUIS, 111., July 3. The embers of race
hatred again flared ominously here today while the physi
cal fires of last night's rioting smouldered in ash heaps
all through the "black valley" of this city.
At noon 300 armed negroes were reported marching
on East St. Louis to avenge the wholesale slaughter of
colored residents during the race riot.
Col. O. E. Tripp, in command of the national guardsmen
who have put the city under virtual martial law, has sent 100
soldiers to meet the black mob. The soldiers have orders to
shoot to kill.
A night of terror of torch and gun and lynch law wa
followed by more rioting toaay. Two more negroes were
killed. A score were injured during today's fighting. Several
women were among the hurt
The bodies of twenty-three
who fell during the night have been counted.
"Estimates of the dead vary from 75 to 250. Hundreds
more were injured.
The death toll may never be known. Bodies of some of
the negroes were thrown into a creek. Other colored, men
and women doubtless burned in their homes for there was
death on the outside asfwell as in.
Rodenberg Explains
Cause of Riots
Economic differences, and the fact
that colored labor Is displacing white
labor In the packing plants and tn the
aluminum worka as well aa In other
establishments In East St- Louis, are
at the bottom of the outbreak of race
rioting which has occurred In that
city, according to Representative
Rodenberg of Illinois who represents
the East St. Louis district In the
Representative Rodenberg received
a telegram from the chief of police of
East St- Louis telling him that De
tective Sergeant Coppedge had been
killed In the rioting, and asking him
to Inform his son. Arthur Coppedge,
who Is on the battleship Florida.
Mr. Rodenberg took the matter up
with the Navy Department and In
formation was sent to the young man.
Congressman Rodenberg told The
Times today some of the causes that
have led to the rioting. ,
-fegroes Supplant Taekers.
"While I do not know all of the
details," said Mr. Rodenberg, -there
Is no doubt the difficulties are eco
nomic. Strikes have occurred In a
number of the big pWnts, especially In
the packing plant and In the plant of
the aluminum company. Thousanda
of negroes from the South have come
In and are filling the places of the
"Several weeks ago rioting oc
curred In which six persons were
killed and others Injured. The com
panies have refused to recognlaj the
union and have Insisted on the open
"The use of negrrt labor has caused
bitter feeling on the part of the strlk
ers. About 3.000 men are employed
In the Dlant of the aluminum com
pany and about 5.000 In the pncklng
houses. The aluminum company has
Government contracts and paya high
wages. The packing plant also pays
goou wages, and the result Is that
the colored laborers, attracted by
this pay. flock In to fill the places of
the white men who have gone on
strike. '
"In no other part of the district Is
there difficulty and the trouble Is con
fined to East St. Louis, which Is a
great center for all sorts of manufac-
turlng Twenty-six
railroads center
- , l.. l. 1.., ....v Mr mr a
mrrc. w i - " - -
greet many negroes have been em
ployed ' the railroad companies for
work about the atatlon and as ac-
uos buu.
jiegrbes and two white men
Five city blocks of negro tenements
and small homes were wiped out by
incendiary fires. In other blocks
there was partial destruction.
Fire damage Is estimated at $309.-
000 to J750.000.
j In all fifteen city blocks were.
j touched by the torch of the mob In
cendiary. More than 200 negro
, homes are In ashes.
The comparatively small property
damage furnishes no Idea of the night
of frlghtf ulness. The houses destroy.
ed were low-priced, but the light of
j the fire lay over the entire city add
ed its ghastly touch to the riot dis
trict where negroes herded In the
streets like cattle on the way to tha
slaughter house and white mobs ran
yelling and shooting through "black
Flames Only Ligat.
There was no light except that from
tha burning homes. The whites cut
the electric wire that their work
of destruction might be the better
carried on; the negroes cut the wires
that the way of escape might T
"I believe there are more than one
hundred negroes dead," Night Chief,
of Police Hlckey aald today. "Wa
have 103 names on an Incomplete list,
but have not found all the bodies. I
estimate the Injured, white and black,
at 730. but any statement must be In
complete at this time."
Chief Hlckey said the property loss
might reach SS.000,000, but this la far
above other estimates.
Governor Lowden has not proclaim
ed martial law, although martial law
haa actually prevailed here sine
Hay Foree Aetien.
City officials believe the report of
negro bands forming; on the outskirts
of the city for an "attack upon the
whltea may force the governor to act
The hospitals are crowded with
wounded men and women, most of
them negroes. Not all the rioting;
was confined to the whites, however.
Black mobs. Ies bold than the whites
and lacing leadership, operated spo
radically during a night tf crime a4
Mayor Molman showed some Indls
nation today because the city had not
been put under martial law by procla
mation. He wired Governor Lowden
several tiroes, he said. A conference
Is now on between the mayor and
Colonel Tripp regarding a probable
recurrence of trouble this Qternooa
and tonight.
Three to Ten Thousand.
The mob strength of the whites
ranged from three thousand to ten
thousand. Women and stria and
young boys aided and encouraged
maddened white men. In tho work of
wholesale devastation and destruction
of life
len. women, and children atood by
and cieered today as negro bodies.

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