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' THE WASHINGTON TDLES: TUESDAY: JULY 3: 1317.
2 y i? IF RACE ITS BREAK OUT AGAIN AFTER Troops Ordered to Shoot to Kill Total Number of Dead Esti mated by Police to Reach into Hundreds. (Continued from First Page.) war recovered from the ruln of home and the nearby creek. When the fire companlea attempted to check the flamea last night and In the early morning: hours, their work was hampered by vandals, who cut the hose and turned off the water at the lire plugs. Gnimmt SlfkU. Undertaker wagons, waiting for bodies of the dead, stood hacked against th curbs today. Through the eight they were also there except for trips to undertaking establish ments to deposit mutilated bodies. In the renewed rioting today a band of negroes fired upon a company of National Guardsmen which was rush lng to their rescue. The attacking blacks were arrested and taken to Jail. The Jail and city prisons are full and detention camps, with guards about them, are being used to car for the overflow arrests. JTegro'a Explanation. C IV. Wallace, editor of a negro publication, said the race feeling "' revived when a party of Joy-riders fired Into the homes of negroes. When the rioting began a bell in a negro church tower was rung. This was regarded as a prearranged signal, .and 00 negroes formed ready for rnarcu. They quickly became disor ganized, however, and ran before the whites. Last night the troops had no orders to shoot to kill. If rioting continues today they will carry out orders to ehoot with deadly aim. Driven Over Horned Area. Frank S. Dickson, adjutant general et Illinois, reached East St. Louis to day, and was driven over the burn ed area. "It Is the most terrible thing I have ever seen." he ssld. while the recovery of bodies went on and the mob spirit still was rampant. "I believe the worst- is over." said Colonel Tripp, In command of the thousand national guardsmen, -rnis statement was made before word f-am nf tfc formation of an aveng- lng mob of blacks from surrounding settlementa. All Salnonn Closed. All saloons here are closed. Motion pictures theater are indefinitely closed also. A search Is on today for Dr. Bundy, alleged leader of the black mob. He Is accused of leading the negro mob that shot Officer Coppedge yesterday morning. This shooting brought back the racial hate that caused a small riot here several weeks ago. It Is estimated that 500 persons, white and black are under arrest to day. A grand jury investigation will be started at once. Battering rams were used by the mobs In breaking Into negro homes. Few Whites Hart. It is claimed that two white men were killed by negro snipers. In the absence of an official count It la not believed that more than half a dozen white persons were killed or danger ously Injured. The mob worked with the rapid ex ecution of the famed avenging ex ploits of the old Ku Klux Klan. It applied the torch with the merclless ness of the "Night Riders" of the tobacco fields. There la belief here today that not a few negroes were Incinerated in their cabins, preferring to remsln thre rather than dash upon the street and run the gantlet In the streets filled with enraged and armed whites. Worst In History. Because the destructlveness and the spectacle of fire were added, the race riots of East St. Louis unenvlably be come today the worst racial conflict this country has known. Several years ago the country was horrified by the riots at Springfield and Atlanta, but these were mere skirmishes of hatred compared to the riots In East St. Louis. The night was a revel of torch and gun. White men, even white women and girls, In temporary madness, surg ed through the streets and drove be fore them terrorized negroes who left burning homes. Two White 31 en Slain. Outside of the scores of colored men and women who were shot and beaten, two white men were killed by negro snipers and at least three negroes were lynched. This was the revised estimate today. Many of the victims were negroes from the cotton fields of the South who "went North" last year after listening to the promise of labor agents regarding big wages and "equality." These colored men had been accustomed now and then to the newa of another session of Judge Lynch's court. They had never seen a city gone mad and lynching by wholesale. Their terror waa all the more tragic because of this and some r-of them died as they fell on their knees, praying as though It were "Jedgment Day." Retaliation at Desperation. If the negroes retaliated, ll was the retaliation of desperation, and' not of united purpose. Caught -off guard, the residents of the colored section of the city stampeded like frightened animal. The size and noise of the onrushlng white mobs overpowered them and benumbed their sense of resistance. Tba fife, too, unnerved the denizen of the "black vallsy" of East St. LURID H First U. 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When fire runs through five city blocks, when there Is no light except the reflection of Incendiary flames. when the flash and bark, of guns and pistols Is seen and heard and the swish of the lynchers' rope I added to the thouaand noises and cries of a mob "hell bent." the negro be comes more or less a frightened ani mal and there were thousands of them who acreamed their fears as they were pursued here last night. The smoke from negro tenements hung over the city for hours, both during and after the fire. While the conflagration aeemed at Its worst the smoke pall lifted, and down an alley one might see a negro as he was lynched. Through some whim the mob decided not to shoot hint; hang ing was his death sentence. Shots Blend With Cries. That portion of the mob attending to this particular act of vengeance crowded close against the walls of the alleyway. Those In the rear craned necks to see the negro In his death agonies. In the streets beyond the echoes of revolvers were hard, and liegro omen and women could be seen on their knees asking for mercy. . The rioters took more fiondlsh pleasure In the lynching of a negro than in his mere shooting. A group of fifty swung a colored man In the air. throwing a rope over the arm nf a telegraph pole. The rope was old; It broke, and the negro fell u'uen feet. The crowd laughed. Laughed at Sight. "Bum work." they yelled "String him up again." Some of them laughed as the body of their victim toppled down. He was killed by the fall and It wasn't necessary to string him up again. Another group of white men espied three negroes escaping from a burn ing house. They shot them as they fled. In their terror the negroes of nist St. Louis sent a courier to Br i l.'ya. III., a town settled almost entirely by blacks. Brooklyn negroei organized a colored mob to march upon Hast St. Louis, but they were turned back at the bridge by truck loads of sol diers hurried there by Colonel Tripp. who was In command of the guardf men. Old neoentment Underneath. Underlying the riots was the old resentment because of the Importa tion of colored workmen from the South. The direct contributing cause was the assassination by a small band of negroes of Detective Sergeant Cop pedge early yesterday. All day the riot spirit grew and before 6 o'clock the white mobs began operations in broad daylight. As night came on the telephone and telegraph wires were cut and the electric lights put out of commission. At this the mob became bolder, the field of operations broadened, end maddened men, by the thousands, began an Invasion of "black valley." Women Beaten Here and there white women and girls Joined In the outlawry. Colored women were dragged from street cars by these feminine rioters and were beaten In the streets. Most of those shot and killed were male blacks, but the mob did not draw fine distinctions, and If a colored wo man or youth got In the path of the mob a bullet did the rest. Ten Thousand Rioter. The mob was at It best in Illegal efficiency about 8 o'clock last night. At that time authorities estimated that fully 10,000 whites had descend ed upon the city's black belt. Them were sporadic encounter with mobs of colored men, but the whites wero In practically compute possession of that portion of East St. Louis. J A few minutes after 8 o'clock two' new companies of national guards men from ShelbyvllI and Effingham arrived. The guardsmen were met at the station by motor van and drives rapidly to the riot district. They leaped from the van and start d up the street, clicking their rifle., aa they went. 230 Taken To JalL, A they arrived a mob wa drag ging an aged negro through IhV streets at the end of a. ropa, Ajpar- Godmother W. CLEMONS. ently he had been beaten Into lmen slbtllty. His captors, about 230 In number, were surrounded by the sol diers and taken to Jail. In the num ber were a number of bystander and newspapermen. All were held In Jail for several hour. Eventually all were released except about seventy five men who were believed to he among the leaders of. the rioters. The "black valley" was in flam- by 7 o'clock. It burnod for hours. fire having been started at different places In the five blocks. Hundreds of negroes remained In their homes Until the smoke and flames drove toem out. Some Co Across River. Some escaped across the river; oth ers were shot as they ran from their doorwaya or down the street. Spec tators say that many of the bodies of slain negroes were thrown Into Ca hokla creek. The exact number of killed probably will never be known. Half grown .boys and girls were scattered among the more mature rioters. When three negroes were shot down at Colllngsvllle and State streets both men and women kicked their bodies and belabored them with clubs. Well dressed girls and women their clothing spotted with blood shouted encouragement to the men aa they pursued their colored victims. Girls Beat TCegress. Two girls, apparently about twen ty years old. took a colored woman oft a street car. They beat her with their shoes. Various scouting parties of the mob hunted L. 11. Bundy, a negro physi cian, all night. Bundy waa believed to have been one of the negroes who Incited the black to the Monday morning outbreak, which resulted In the slaying of the police officer. He has not been found, and probably fled the city. There wa general prals for the conduct of the national guardsmen called to quell the riot. A number of the guardsmen were under fire for the first time. Some of them had no op portunity to get Into their uniforms, and rushed to the riot district clad In overalls and street coats. When the rioting was at Its height a colored mob surrounded the homes of a dozen or more white families. The whites barricaded themselves against attack. The militiamen ar rived Just in time to bring about a rescue and prevent a pitched battle there. One militiaman was Injured while rescuing a negro woman and child. He had lost his rifle and revolver, but kept the Invadera at bay until help arrived. SOCIALIST DEMANDS MOB'S PUNISHMENT NEW TOBK. July 3 "Swift and se vere punishment" for the mobs which wiped out the negro section of East St. Louis and burned their property was demanded by the Socialist Lead er. William English Walling. In a telegram tn President Wilson today. Such punishment Is necessary. Wall lng raid, because "of the dsngerou effect nf race riots in America tin revolutionary Russia, South America and Japan. , Walling characterized the ifprlslnir as partly result of German agents' ef forts to stir up a race war to keep American troops at home and partly the result of an attempt by the South era States to keep the negro under their thumb. Speaking as a member of the execu tive committee of the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Col ored People, Walling In his telegram said: "Savages at East St. Louis deliber ately prepared this riot for a whole month. Without military excuse. It waa worse, therefore, than anything the Germans did In Belgium, and compared only to the Jewish massa cres under the Czar. 'The pretext of labor Invasion Is Invalid. There Is no oversupply of labor anywhere In ths country today. NEW8Y WARS ON KAISER, lit Tf.iiii.arr i.-. ini. r.v Shemer, four years old, tho youngest newsboy In Hutchinson, lugged a glass fruit Jar containing 50 In pen nles, nickels, and dimes, his savings of a yesr. to Manager Magulre, of the Harvey House, here, early this month "fiend It to Mr. Wilson to help whip the Kaiser," the little chap said as ha turned over his savings.. DISTRICT WOMAN FIRST 10 ACT AS The first American "war god mother" wrote a letter today to the first American soldier In France to be "adopted." Mrs. Frederick William demons. of the Northumberland, was the woman who today took the Initial step In what will become a country wide movement among thousands of patriotic American women to add to the happiness and comfort of our soldier boys fighting in France who have no one "back home" to write to them. Mrs. Clemons Is a member of the League of American Pen Women and the D. A. R. Instructions have been given by War Department officials that those who want to be war godmothers to homeless American soldiers should ad dress a letter to: "A Soldier, "American Expeditionary Forces, "Somewhere In France." Sammies Will Reply. The letters will be delivered by company commandera to soldiers who want to be adopted, and they will re ply giving their names. Mrs. Clemons wa the first woman to respond last Friday to the appeal of The Time for godmother to home less American soldiers, and today be came the first woman to write a soldier that he had been officially "adopted." Mrs. demons' letter follows: To a Soldier. American Expeditionary Forces. Somswhere In France. My Dear Godson: In writing you this first letter let me tell you that, with the ap proval of the War Departmcn', I have the honor to be your offi cial godmother. Though I have never seen "you, and you have never seen me, I Just want you to know that some on In the ni.ne iand Is thinking of your welfare and eager to be helpful to you. When you answer this letter I hvpe you will tell me wh-t I can Ac to make your life on tho field a little gladder, more comfortable and happier, for this Is the way I can heartsomely do my bit, and. more than this, I fancy that all soldier men need mothering now and then. I will Inclose an addressed en velope which you may not have at hand when you feel like writ ing me. Waiting to Hear. So tell me of your needs, my dear godson, believing that I shall be waiting to hear of your work and your play and your brave, splendid service under, the flag we both love. And wher ever your order may lead you. by day or by night. I beg you tee re member that across the ocean there Is one who prays for you. one who claims for you the un folding saving grace of the real Protecting Presence. It Is your godmother. SARAH A. CLEMONS, (Mrs. F. W.) The Northumberland, Washing ton, D. C. July the third, 1117. BOY SCOUTS PREPARE FOR RECRUITING DRIVE Cavalry Enlistment Station to Be Used by Yonlhs. Washington will see another re cruiting drive when the Boy Scouts open headquarters at the present cavalry 'station In F street In an ef fort to bring their organization of 2.200 up to 0,000 "Every boy a Scout" will be the re crijltlni? slogan. Methods learned by association with the military re cruiters will be used to attract boys to the organization. A series of lantern slides and mo tion pictures will be shown. Window displays of the equipment of a Boy Scout will be placed In the windows. The boys are wanted for war serv Ice. After Joining they will be drilled In the fundamentals of scout religion until they are ready to answer any call made upon them. The scouts will participate In Inde pendence Day exercises tomorrow About 100 of them will be detailed to the Monument Grounds tn aid In look ing after the crowds. The Washing ton Drum and Bugle Corps, composed entirely of scouts, will play at the Petworth celebration. MAY FIGHTJJNCLE-KAISER Nephew of German Emperor Eager to Aid U. S. In War. DETROIT. Julv 3. Johann Wll helm, nephew of the Kaiser, would take up the gun against Germany If the age limit of selective service were raised to include him. Count von Hohenrollern Is his title, lie was born In Detroit and has been here for the last seven years. The count's Identity was disclosed when he applied to Marshal Dehrendt for permission to enter districts re stricted to Germans. While he spent the greater part of his forty-soven years In Germany. Johann was born here while his par ents were touring the United States. Ills father Is a brother of lilll Hohen zollern. 'AMERICA FIRST r SAYS Post Toasties III GODMOTHER ttcMuJBk "SanHlSW ssVTs rL and ?l( KILLING OE DAIRY CW MAY T MILK TO 25 CENTS WRIGHTSTOWN, N. J- July 3. Unless the State or Federal Govern ment Intervene at once to check the sale of milch cows for butchering. New York, Philadelphia, and New Jersey will be paying 25 cents a quart for milk within one year, anu wjii find It scarce at that price. This is the opinion of many of the biggest farmers In the great New Jer aey dairy belt, of which Wrlghtstown Is the center. The foundation for their prediction Is confirmed In the records of public sales of live stock In Burlington county during the last month. In which M) per cent of tne milch cows have been purchased by butcher to be converted Into beef. Jn dozen of Intances the butcher havo outbid the farmers who wanted the cow for dairying purposes. Farmers consider It of sufficient im portance to comment upon the fact that a large percentage of the pur chasing agents for the butchera are of German lineage. The governing mar ket prices of beef, however, would permit any butcher to come into tne sales mart and bid successfully against what a farmer would think he could pay for a cow for his dairy. Yet It Is a significant fact that no more certain scheme for crippling tba dairy output and stock breeding could be devised than the slaughtering or milch cows by the hundreds aa at pres ent. It takes three years to raise a cow to milk-producing age. Many farmers are selling their herds, having become dissatisfied wltM the dairy business and Its small and uncertain profits and will raise no more cows, and It will be ten years before the herds, already depleted this year can be restored, even under Government supervision. The New Jersey State agricultural authorities are Investigating the con ditions and are alarmed by what they have discovered. The dairying de partment may make a special report to Govrrnor Edge and urge some rec ommendations for checking the rapid extermination of the dairy animals. The department ha dlacovered that It I largely the farmers who keep records of their dairy costs and profits who are selling their herds. These farmera blame the present high cost of feed and the wholesale milk prices for their quitting the business. It Is asserted by State experts that the average dairymen are actually selling milk at wholesale at a loss of from to 3 cents a quart on each quart pro duced. The summer grazing will help In reducing the cost of keeping the herds for the next few weeks, but the rtatement Is made that by midsum mer the prices to the farmer muit advance to 8 cents a quart This means milk at 12 or IS cents a quart In the cities. "Babies first" will cer tainly become an official milk slogan In many of the markets supplied by the central Jersey dairies before the end of the year. When the farmers' on the great C.OOO-aire tract taken by the Govern ment for Its army cantonment, near Wrlghtstown. begin to move out of their homes next week, about COO pro ducing milch cows will be forced on the market. ' NAVY BEGINS CAMPAIGN FOR RADIO OPERATORS School Boys Sought in Systematic Drive for Recruits. The navy recruiting station today began a systematic campaign to en list schoolboy radio operators In the ' service. Communications are being ' sent to each member of local wireless ' clubs urging that they come In and , talk It over. "The grade of landsman for elee- triclan. In Khlch the boys would be, enlisted furnishes many .attractive I advantages, said Lieut. I K. Morgan.' In charge of the station todayi -Com-! petent operators of the Morse code orj with a sufficient foundation in radio. telegraphy between the ages of sev enteen and twenty-five are In de mand. "The applicant must be able to re- GARDEN:!?: TODAY AND WEDNESDAY CHARLES CHAPLIN THE IMMIGRANT STRANDLSIS fcAST TIME TODAY Harold Lockwood 1ST THE Haunted Pajamas Another Strong Statement The amalgam used In our fillings at f 1 00 Is as good aa that used by any dentist regard less of what he charges. None better can be bought. DR. EVANS, Vero Dentist 12th and I'a. Ate. X. W. TIME TO SAVE 3OH SAVINGS AOKWHTS- V NINTH" G" Mrs. Wilson's Ham, Given To Joifres, Eaten By Pershing TARIS, July 3-That Vlrglnla ham which Mrs. Woodrow WI1-" son sent to Mme. Joffre waa the principal feature of an Informal dinner last night at the Joffre home at which General Pershing waa the guest. Mme. Joffre acted as Interpre ter between the marshal and General Pershing when Persh ing's French proved Inadequate. When Marshal Je f f re was here, Mra. Wilson learned at the White House dinner to the French mis sion that both "Papa" Joffre and his wire were fond of ham. So she made him a present of a huge augar-sured ham to take back to Paris. reive About twenty words a minute and pass a creditable examination In speellng and penmanship, berore he Is given a physical xamlnatlon. Sold By All PAIMBEACH EFORE think of nothing better UNTIL THERE CA3DE PALM BEACH. ' j PALM BEACH has changed the clothing habits of the civilized world. It has put a zest and joy into the hottest months of the year. It is a happy step forward in the Business of Living. I Cool, washable, shapely it will wear as faithfully as your worsted and give you a lot more comfort. NEVEIl FOHGET THAT THERE IS BUT ONE PALM BEACH CLOTH. THE GENUINE BEARS THE TRADE-MARKED LABEL lEEBiLMBECHlVnilGOOD SELLING AGT:AR0HADTDEPT.229 ASTKNX 9 JT i"- BnaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanH'ia ffrE.- M (-J ""-VtttV lllllllllllllllllllllllliflll.lBaft I v-w ri-tsafllv m xtwJw ul.ll.ililiflB(.l.tB..H flttF I vfo nk BEEBBBJBBttmEml sL " Ujsa'j B IW 1 1 f I 3 Mil lsr""'LTn'l . ClIH I knH UnKl lsnBnBnBnBm "The kettle's boiling already breakfast will be done in a jiffy." The New Perfection cooks fast or slow as you like. The flame is always visible, always Ask your dealer to show you the re steady. It's the Long Blue Chimney versible glass reservoir a new and insuring perfect combustion that exclusive feature. does ALADDIN SECURITY OIL For hot weather comfort, cook on a a superior kerosene, always clean and New Perfection. - clear-burning, is most satisfactory. STANDARD OIL COMPANY Washington, D. O Norfolk. Va. Richmond. Va. NEW JUSSERANDTOATTCND FETE AT PARK VIEW French Diplomat Shows Interest in Commnnity Center. Showing his Interest In the use of schools as centers for community activities. Jules Jusssrand. French ambassador, will participate In the Independence Day exercises of the Park View Citizens' Association at the Park View School at 3 o'clock tomor row. The ambassador's Interest re sults from the ues of schools In France for like purposes. Senator Robert D. Owen, father of a bill providing the broader use of schools tor community purposes, and Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States com missioner of Education, also will be guests. Residents of the community wilt hold an old-fashioned picnic In the Soldiers' Home grounds, weather per mitting. Each person will bring his own provisions. The set program begins at 3 o'clock. Following the speaking there will be an exhibition of rhyth mic dancing by the younc women and girls 'of the community- 9?rfi JULI.I the days of Summer Sanity, derby for a straw packed away his Test and stepped confidently into July. I No wonder he sweltered. Bat while he frowned at wools and worsteds,, he could Lookfor thit a a. ! ill mrr THE OBNUINS CLOTH rffP T POOQML WgaitJ GO. (New Jersey) Charlotte. N. C Charleston. W. Va. - Charleston. S. C BALTIMORE MD. PEB&ECnON OIL C0E& TOYS IT: Benedict Worried; Kept His Affairs A Bit Too! Secret f The married men worried today. "Who can crov that a man has dependents?" that Jr4the ques tion. An effort Is blng mad here to secure further rating from Provost Marshal General Crowds r. According to the regulation prescribed by th President for the draft a married man sesRlng exemption must present an affa davit from his wife setting forth her dependency and aniaffadavtt from the head of a family, other than that-of the persoi seeking exemption. ' l It, is th second affadavlt that Is causing the married men to worry. Married men 'are not prone to discuss their, financial standing with others Vjan mem bers of their families arid there fore there are few persons resid ing In the local dlstrlctlwho can make an affidavit concerning th financial standing of at married man. ! Good Clothiers SUITS Man changed his Label I